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Muscle Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931193/bacterial-cellulose-as-a-new-graft-model-for-the-turkish-delight-technique-in-rhinoplasty-an-experiment-in-20-rats
#1
Sevim Aydinli, Sultan Bişkin, Aykut Erdem Dinç, Yusuf Orhan Uçal, Nilüfer Kandemir, İshak Özel Tekin
We conducted an experiment to investigate the effectiveness of bacterial cellulose, a new graft material, in correcting and preventing dorsal nasal disorder in rhinoplasty. The experiment was performed on 20 Wistar albino rats. The rats were evenly divided into two groups: a fascia group and a cellulose group. In the fascia group, grafts from the conchal cartilage were removed, shredded, and then wrapped in temporal muscle fascia. In the cellulose group, shredded cartilage was wrapped in the bacterial cellulose...
September 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931145/medical-and-psychological-problems-faced-by-young-australian-gap-year-travellers
#2
Luis Furuya-Kanamori, Deborah Mills, Sarah Sheridan, Colleen Lau
Background: Gap year travellers can potentially be exposed to many infectious diseases and other travel-related health problems including injuries and psychological problems. Currently, there is little information on health and wellbeing of this particular group of travellers. Methods: Participants were recruited from an organization that specialized in organising international gap year placements. Gap year travellers were asked to complete a pre-departure survey on demographics, placement destination and duration, previous travel experience, hobbies, risk taking behaviour, anticipated problems during the placement, and pre-travel preparations...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930300/assessment-of-shoulder-and-low-back-muscle-activity-of-male-kitchen-workers-using-surface-electromyography
#3
Shankar Subramaniam, Shanmugam Murugesan, Srinivasan Jayaraman
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess muscle fatigue for kitchen workers during various tasks in a kitchen. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study consists of 2 phases: a) surface electromyography (EMG) to determine muscle fatigue of trapezius and erector spinae muscles bilaterally for 12 healthy male volunteers during 30 min of Indian flatbread (chapati) preparation, b) self-administered questionnaire study after 30 min preparation to determine the impact on performance...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927806/-aging-prevention-new-surgical-techniques-and-future-options-for-facial-rejuvenation
#4
C Le Louarn
Prevention of aging is mainly obtained through appropriate health practices, modulated by the genetic causes of aging. Causes of facial structural aging include gravity, volume loss, contraction of the mimic muscles and obviously biological aging of tissues. Among the very numerous new surgical technique of facial rejuvenation, we could point out: for the frontal region, obviously we are focus on the endoscopic and non-endoscopic frontal lifts. But also, we should note the transcutaneous Brow Shaping which with a well defined, step by step technique is indeed a simple way to improve a possible difficult situation; concerning the mid-face lift, as the main risk is the secondary eyelid malposition, a high Smas or a temporo-malar lift can be performed...
September 15, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926963/broad-and-inconsistent-muscle-food-classification-is-problematic-for-dietary-guidance-in-the-u-s
#5
REVIEW
Cody L Gifford, Lauren E O'Connor, Wayne W Campbell, Dale R Woerner, Keith E Belk
Dietary recommendations regarding consumption of muscle foods, such as red meat, processed meat, poultry or fish, largely rely on current dietary intake assessment methods. This narrative review summarizes how U.S. intake values for various types of muscle foods are grouped and estimated via methods that include: (1) food frequency questionnaires; (2) food disappearance data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service; and (3) dietary recall information from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data...
September 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924423/vegan-diets-practical-advice-for-athletes-and-exercisers
#6
REVIEW
David Rogerson
With the growth of social media as a platform to share information, veganism is becoming more visible, and could be becoming more accepted in sports and in the health and fitness industry. However, to date, there appears to be a lack of literature that discusses how to manage vegan diets for athletic purposes. This article attempted to review literature in order to provide recommendations for how to construct a vegan diet for athletes and exercisers. While little data could be found in the sports nutrition literature specifically, it was revealed elsewhere that veganism creates challenges that need to be accounted for when designing a nutritious diet...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923178/diet-quality-and-osteosarcopenic-obesity-in-community-dwelling-adults-50-years-and-older
#7
Jinhee Kim, Yunhwan Lee, Seunghee Kye, Yoon-Sok Chung, Jae-Hyun Kim, Doukyoung Chon, Kyung Eun Lee
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between diet quality and osteosarcopenic obesity (OSO), low bone and muscle mass with concurrent high fat mass, in middle-aged and older adults. STUDY DESIGN: Data were from a cross-sectional study of 2579 men and 3550 women aged 50 years and older who completed the Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey from 2008 to 2010. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Data were collected using 24-h dietary recall, and diet quality was determined by the Diet Quality Index-International (DQI-I), on which higher scores denote better quality...
October 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921656/animal-models-for-studying-the-etiology-and-treatment-of-low-back-pain
#8
REVIEW
Changgui Shi, Sujun Qiu, Scott M Riester, Vaskar Das, Bingqian Zhu, Atiyayein A Wallace, Andre J van Wijnen, Fackson Mwale, James C Iatridis, Daisuke Sakai, Gina Votta-Velis, Wen Yuan, Hee-Jeong Im
Chronic low back pain is a major cause of disability and health care costs. Effective treatments are inadequate for many patients. Animal models are essential to further understanding of the pain mechanism and testing potential therapies. Currently, a number of preclinical models have been developed attempting to mimic aspects of clinical conditions that contribute to low back pain. This review focused on describing these animal models and the main behavioral tests for assessing pain in each model. Animal models of low back pain can be divided into the following five categories: discogenic low back pain, radicular back pain, facet joint osteoarthritis back pain, muscle-induced low back pain, and spontaneous occurring low back pain models...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918171/the-association-between-delirium-and-sarcopenia-in-older-adult-patients-admitted-to-acute-geriatrics-units-results-from-the-glisten-multicenter-observational-study
#9
Giuseppe Bellelli, Antonella Zambon, Stefano Volpato, Pasquale Abete, Lara Bianchi, Mario Bo, Antonio Cherubini, Francesco Corica, Mauro Di Bari, Marcello Maggio, Giovanna Maria Manca, Maria Rosaria Rizzo, Andrea Rossi, Francesco Landi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To date, studies assessing the relationship between sarcopenia and delirium, two of the most common geriatric syndromes, are lacking. We sought to explore this association by investigating the co-occurrence of these two conditions and the independent association between them in a population of hospitalized older adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional multicenter analysis of older adults consecutively admitted to 12 acute geriatric units (AGUs). Sarcopenia was assessed upon admission by evaluating the presence of low skeletal mass index (kg/m(2)), and either low handgrip strength or low walking speed (European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People, EWGSOP criteria)...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918170/lifestyle-predictors-of-obese-and-non-obese-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Joo Hee Kwak, Dae Won Jun, Seung Min Lee, Yong Kyun Cho, Kang Nyeong Lee, Hang Lak Lee, Oh Young Lee, Ho Soon Choi, Byung Chul Yoon
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Most people with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are obese, and they usually eat more while being less physically active as compared to healthy individuals. However, little is known about the lifestyle patterns of non-obese or obese patients with NAFLD. The aim of this study was to investigate nutrition components and behavioral differences between non-obese and obese patients with NAFLD. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study comprising of 209 patients...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916822/ampk-phosphorylation-of-ulk1-is-required-for-targeting-of-mitochondria-to-lysosomes-in-exercise-induced-mitophagy
#11
Rhianna C Laker, Joshua C Drake, Rebecca J Wilson, Vitor A Lira, Bevan M Lewellen, Karen A Ryall, Carleigh C Fisher, Mei Zhang, Jeffrey J Saucerman, Laurie J Goodyear, Mondira Kundu, Zhen Yan
Mitochondrial health is critical for skeletal muscle function and is improved by exercise training through both mitochondrial biogenesis and removal of damaged/dysfunctional mitochondria via mitophagy. The mechanisms underlying exercise-induced mitophagy have not been fully elucidated. Here, we show that acute treadmill running in mice causes mitochondrial oxidative stress at 3-12 h and mitophagy at 6 h post-exercise in skeletal muscle. These changes were monitored using a novel fluorescent reporter gene, pMitoTimer, that allows assessment of mitochondrial oxidative stress and mitophagy in vivo, and were preceded by increased phosphorylation of AMP activated protein kinase (Ampk) at tyrosine 172 and of unc-51 like autophagy activating kinase 1 (Ulk1) at serine 555...
September 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916639/small-rna-seq-during-acute-maximal-exercise-reveal-rnas-involved-in-vascular-inflammation-and-cardiometabolic-health
#12
Ravi Shah, Ashish S Yeri, Avash Das, Amanda Courtright-Lim, Olivia Ziegler, Ernest Gervino, Jeffrey Ocel, Pablo Quintero Pinzon, Luke Wooster, Cole Shields Bailey, Kahraman Tanriverdi, Lea Beaulieu, Jane E Freedman, Ionita Ghiran, Gregory D Lewis, Kendall Van Keuren-Jensen, Saumya Das
OBJECTIVE: Exercise improves cardiometabolic and vascular function, though mechanisms remain unclear. Our objective was to demonstrate the diversity of circulating extracellular RNA (ex-RNA) release during acute exercise in humans and its relevance to exercise-mediated benefits on vascular inflammation. Approach and Results: We performed plasma small RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) in 26 individuals undergoing symptom-limited maximal treadmill exercise, with replication of our top candidate miRNA in a separate cohort of 59 individuals undergoing bicycle ergometry...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915863/lifestyle-intervention-to-improve-quality-of-life-and-prevent-weight-gain-after-renal-transplantation-design-of-the-active-care-after-transplantation-act-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Gerald Klaassen, Dorien M Zelle, Gerjan J Navis, Desie Dijkema, Frederike J Bemelman, Stephan J L Bakker, Eva Corpeleijn
BACKGROUND: Low physical activity and reduced physical functioning are common after renal transplantation, resulting in a reduced quality of life. Another common post-transplantation complication is poor cardio-metabolic health, which plays a main role in long-term outcomes in renal transplant recipients (RTR). It is increasingly recognized that weight gain in the first year after transplantation, especially an increase in fat mass, is a highly common contributor to cardio-metabolic risk...
September 15, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915325/brown-and-beige-adipose-tissues-in-health-and-disease
#14
Liangyou Rui
Brown and beige adipocytes arise from distinct developmental origins. Brown adipose tissue (BAT) develops embryonically from precursors that also give to skeletal muscle. Beige fat develops postnatally and is highly inducible. Beige fat recruitment is mediated by multiple mechanisms, including de novo beige adipogenesis and white-to-brown adipocyte transdifferentiaiton. Beige precursors reside around vasculatures, and proliferate and differentiate into beige adipocytes. PDGFRα+Ebf2+ precursors are restricted to beige lineage cells, while another PDGFRα+ subset gives rise to beige adipocytes, white adipocytes, or fibrogenic cells...
September 12, 2017: Comprehensive Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915134/vitamin-d-in-obesity
#15
Jennifer S Walsh, Simon Bowles, Amy L Evans
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Vitamin D is essential for bone health, and may also have important functions in immunity and other systems. Vitamin D deficiency is common, and testing and supplementation is increasing. Serum vitamin D is lower in obese people; it is important to understand the mechanism of this effect and whether it indicates clinically significant deficiency. RECENT FINDINGS: Vitamin D is fat soluble, and distributed into fat, muscle, liver, and serum. All of these compartments are increased in volume in obesity, so the lower vitamin D likely reflects a volumetric dilution effect and whole body stores of vitamin D may be adequate...
September 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913929/high-nutrition-risk-is-associated-with-higher-risk-of-dysphagia-in-advanced-age-adults-newly-admitted-to-hospital
#16
Amy Popman, Marilize Richter, Jacqueline Allen, Carol Wham
AIM: To establish the prevalence of nutrition risk and associated risk factors among adults of advanced age newly admitted to hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken in adults aged over 85 years admitted to one of two hospital wards in Auckland within the previous 5 days. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to establish participant's socio-demographic and health characteristics. Markers of body composition and muscle strength were collected...
September 15, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913148/the-effect-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-type-on-sexual-function-muscle-strength-and-pelvic-floor-symptoms-in-women-a-retrospective-study
#17
Nuriye Özengin, Hatice Çankaya, Elif Duygu, Muhammet Fatih Uysal, Yeşim Bakar
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective research was planned to investigate the effect of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) type on sexual function, muscle strength, and pelvic floor symptoms in symptomatic women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on POP type and stages as assessed using the Pelvic Organ Prolapse-Quantification system of 721 women who presented to the women's health unit between 2009 and 2016 were collected retrospectively. POP types were recorded as asymptomatic, anterior, apical, and posterior compartment prolapses...
June 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912923/lack-of-needs-assessment-in-cancer-survivorship-care-and-rehabilitation-in-hospitals-and-primary-care-settings
#18
Charlotte Handberg, Charlotte Maria Jensen, Thomas Maribo
BACKGROUND: Formalized and systematic assessment of survivorship care and rehabilitation needs is prerequisite for ensuring cancer patients sufficient help and support through their cancer trajectory. Patients are often uncertain as to how to express and address their survivorship care and rehabilitation needs, and little is known about specific, unmet needs and the plans necessary to meet them. There is a call for both ensuring survivorship care and rehabilitation for cancer patients in need and further for documenting the specific needs related to the cancer disease and its treatment...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912754/the-gambian-bone-and-muscle-ageing-study-baseline-data-from-a-prospective-observational-african-sub-saharan-study
#19
Ayse Zengin, Anthony J Fulford, Yankuba Sawo, Landing M Jarjou, Inez Schoenmakers, Gail Goldberg, Ann Prentice, Kate A Ward
The Gambian Bone and Muscle Ageing Study is a prospective observational study investigating bone and muscle ageing in men and women from a poor, subsistence farming community of The Gambia, West Africa. Musculoskeletal diseases, including osteoporosis and sarcopenia, form a major part of the current global non-communicable disease burden. By 2050, the vast majority of the world's ageing population will live in low- and middle-income countries with an estimated two-fold rise in osteoporotic fracture. The study design was to characterise change in bone and muscle outcomes and to identify possible preventative strategies for fracture and sarcopenia in the increasing ageing population...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911668/determination-of-multiresidue-analysis-of-%C3%AE-agonists-in-muscle-and-viscera-using-liquid-chromatograph-tandem-mass-spectrometry-with-quick-easy-cheap-effective-rugged-and-safe-methodologies
#20
Yen-Ping Lin, Ying-Lin Lee, Chien-Ya Hung, Wen-Jeng Huang, Sheng-Che Lin
The official analytical method of the Taiwan Food and Drug Administration, Ministry of Health and Welfare for testing for veterinary drug residues in foods is the multiresidue analysis of β-agonists. Samples are pretreated through liquid-liquid extraction and solid-phase extraction. This method is time consuming and requires the intensive use of solvents. To improve analytical efficiency and reduce costs, our study incorporated QuEChERS (Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged, and Safe) techniques to establish a new method of multiresidue analysis of β-agonists in animal muscle and viscera...
April 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
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