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Muscle Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922934/psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-menopause-specific-quality-of-life-questionnaire
#1
Guangning Nie, Hongyan Yang, Jian Liu, ChunMei Zhao, Xiaoyun Wang
OBJECTIVE: The Menopause-Specific Quality-of-Life (MENQOL) questionnaire was developed as a specific tool to measure the health-related quality-of-life of postmenopausal women. Thus far, the Chinese version questionnaire has not been subjected to psychometric assessment with a large sample. This study aims to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Chinese version of the MENQOL specific to postmenopausal women in China. METHODS: A total of 1,137 menopausal symptomatic and 491 menopausal asymptomatic women from eight cities in China were recruited using a convenience sampling method...
December 5, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922921/the-effects-of-muscle-relaxation-and-therapeutic-walking-on-depression-suicidal-ideation-and-quality-of-life-in-breast-cancer-patients-receiving-chemotherapy
#2
Fan-Ko Sun, Chao-Ming Hung, YuChun Yao, Chu-Yun Lu, Chun-Ying Chiang
BACKGROUND: The suicide rate of cancer patients is high in Taiwan. Breast cancer has a high incidence rate and is the leading cause of cancer in women. There is a lack of research examining breast cancer-related depression, suicidal ideation, and quality of life. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the effects of muscle relaxation and therapeutic walking on depression, suicidal ideation, and quality of life in breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. METHODS: An experimental approach was adopted...
December 5, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922919/association-between-sarcopenia-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-cancer-survivors
#3
Su Jung Lee, Nam Cho Kim
BACKGROUND: Advanced cancer treatments have improved survival from cancer, but the incidence of cardiovascular disease in survivors has recently increased. Sarcopenia and metabolic syndrome (MetS) are related to cancer survival, and sarcopenia is an emerging risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, evidence of a relationship between sarcopenia and MetS in cancer survivors is lacking. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of sarcopenia and MetS in cancer survivors and to investigate independent predictors of MetS in cancer survivors...
December 5, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922506/coding-in-muscle-disease
#4
Lyell K Jones, John P Ney
Accurate coding is critically important for clinical practice and research. Ongoing changes to diagnostic and billing codes require the clinician to stay abreast of coding updates. Payment for health care services, data sets for health services research, and reporting for medical quality improvement all require accurate administrative coding. This article provides an overview of administrative coding for patients with muscle disease and includes a case-based review of diagnostic and Evaluation and Management (E/M) coding principles in patients with myopathy...
December 2016: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920191/effect-of-in-ovo-injection-of-raffinose-on-growth-performance-and-gut-health-parameters-of-broiler-chicken
#5
J D Berrocoso, R Kida, A K Singh, Y S Kim, R Jha
The effects of in ovo injection of raffinose (RFO) as a prebiotic on growth performance, relative weight of proventriculus, gizzard, drumstick and breast muscles, and ileum mucosa morphology were examined in Cobb 500 broilers. A total of 240 fertilized eggs were divided into 4 groups: a non-injected with intact shell and 3 levels of RFO solution (1.5, 3.0, and 4.5 mg in 0.2 mL of an aqueous diluents). The RFO solution was injected into the air sac on d 12 of incubation. In total 144 birds were fed a standard diet and management and sacrificed at d 21 post hatch for collection of samples...
December 5, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919389/older-patients-use-of-technology-for-a-post-discharge-nutritional-intervention-a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study
#6
T Lindhardt, M H Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is frequent in older people and a precursor for morbidity and hospitalisation; furthermore low intake and weight loss during and after hospitalisation is well-described. Such patients are often excluded from technology projects on account of lack of skills. This is a barrier for their access to many current and future health care offers. OBJECTIVES: To test the acceptability, feasibility and preliminary efficacy of technology-supported energy- and protein-enforced homedelivered meals for older patients discharged from hospital...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919120/reconstructive-surgery-for-treating-pressure-ulcers
#7
REVIEW
Jason Kf Wong, Kavit Amin, Jo C Dumville
BACKGROUND: The management of pressure ulcers involves several interventions ranging from pressure-relieving measures such as repositioning, to treatments that can include reconstructive surgery. Such surgery may be considered for recalcitrant wounds when full thickness skin loss arises and deeper structures such as muscle fascia and even bone are exposed. The surgery commonly involves wound debridement followed by the addition of new tissue into the wound. Whilst reconstructive surgery is an accepted means of ulcer management, the benefits and harms of surgery compared with non-surgical treatments, or alternative surgical approaches are not clear...
December 6, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918084/urinary-incontinence-in-older-women-the-role-of-body-composition-and-muscle-strength-from-the-health-aging-and-body-composition-study
#8
Anne M Suskind, Peggy M Cawthon, Sanae Nakagawa, Leslee L Subak, Ilse Reinders, Suzanne Satterfield, Steve Cummings, Jane A Cauley, Tamara Harris, Alison J Huang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate prospective relationships between body composition and muscle strength with predominantly stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) in older women. DESIGN: Prospective community-dwelling observational cohort study (Health, Aging, and Body Composition study). PARTICIPANTS: Women initially aged 70 to 79 recruited from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and Memphis, Tennessee (N = 1,475). MEASUREMENTS: Urinary incontinence was assessed using structured questionnaires...
December 5, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917847/poultry-products-enriched-with-nutricines-have-beneficial-effects-on-human-health
#9
Gordana Kralik, Zlata Kralik
The paper presents nutritive value of broiler meat and table eggs, as these animal products are used for human nutrition on a daily basis. In the Republic of Croatia, average consumption of poultry meat amounts to 18.3 kg and to 160 eggs per capita.The most quality parts of broiler carcass are breasts and drumsticks with thighs. Breast muscles contain 21-23% protein, 1.90-1.97% fat, 75.28-76.01% water and 0.74-0.77% collagen. Thigh muscles contain 4.70-6.05% fat, 19.03-19.93% protein and 0.91-1.13% collagen...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916937/the-emergence-and-epidemiology-of-haff-disease-in-china
#10
REVIEW
Thomas Y K Chan
Haff disease is a rare syndrome of unexplained myalgia and rhabdomyolysis occurring within 24 h of consumption of certain types of cooked freshwater fish or crustacean. It is caused by a yet unidentified heat-stable toxin. In the present review of published case studies and official press releases, the main objective is to report the emergence and epidemiology of Haff disease in China. Haff disease first occurred in Beijing in 2000 and in Lianzhou and Liannan, Guangdong Province in 2009. Subsequent outbreaks mostly occurred in the Jiangsu Province-Nanjing, Yangzhou, Huai'an, and Yancheng...
December 1, 2016: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916646/roles-of-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-in-skeletal-muscle-physiology
#11
REVIEW
Ravikumar Manickam, Walter Wahli
More than two decades of studying peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) has led to an understanding of their implications in various physiological processes that are key for health and disease. All three PPAR isotypes, PPARα, PPARβ/δ, and PPARγ, are activated by a variety of molecules, including fatty acids, eicosanoids and phospholipids, and regulate a spectrum of genes involved in development, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism, inflammation, and proliferation and differentiation of many cell types in different tissues...
December 1, 2016: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916644/targeted-mitochondrial-uncoupling-beyond-ucp1-the-fine-line-between-death-and-metabolic-health
#12
REVIEW
Mario Ost, Susanne Keipert, Susanne Klaus
In the early 1930s, the chemical uncoupling agent 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP) was promoted for the very first time as a powerful and effective weight loss pill but quickly withdrawn from the market due to its lack of tissue-selectivity with resulting dangerous side effects, including hyperthermia and death. Today, novel mitochondria- or tissue-targeted chemical uncouplers with higher safety and therapeutic values are under investigation in order to tackle obesity, diabetes and fatty liver disease. Moreover, in the past 20 years, transgenic mouse models were generated to understand the molecular and metabolic consequences of targeted uncoupling, expressing functional uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) ectopically in white adipose tissue or skeletal muscle...
December 1, 2016: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915222/exoskeleton-plantarflexion-assistance-for-elderly
#13
S Galle, W Derave, F Bossuyt, P Calders, P Malcolm, D De Clercq
Elderly are confronted with reduced physical capabilities and increased metabolic energy cost of walking. Exoskeletons that assist walking have the potential to restore walking capacity by reducing the metabolic cost of walking. However, it is unclear if current exoskeletons can reduce energy cost in elderly. Our goal was to study the effect of an exoskeleton that assists plantarflexion during push-off on the metabolic energy cost of walking in physically active and healthy elderly. Seven elderly (age 69.3±3...
November 28, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914915/physical-activity-modifies-the-association-between-dietary-protein-and-lean-mass-of-postmenopausal-women
#14
Jessica A Martinez, Betsy C Wertheim, Cynthia A Thomson, Jennifer W Bea, Robert Wallace, Matthew Allison, Linda Snetselaar, Zhao Chen, Rami Nassir, Patricia A Thompson
BACKGROUND: Maintenance of lean muscle mass and related strength is associated with lower risk for numerous chronic diseases of aging in women. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate whether the association between dietary protein and lean mass differs by physical activity level, amino acid composition, and body mass index categories. DESIGN: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of a prospective cohort. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Participants were postmenopausal women from the Women's Health Initiative with body composition measurements by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (n=8,298)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914851/dynapenia-and-metabolic-health-in-obese-and-nonobese-adults-aged-70%C3%A2-years-and-older-the-life-study
#15
Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre, Stephen Anton, Daniel P Beavers, Todd M Manini, Roger Fielding, Ann Newman, Tim Church, Stephen B Kritchevsky, David Conroy, Mary M McDermott, Anda Botoseneanu, Mary E Hauser, Marco Pahor
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between dynapenia and metabolic risk factors in obese and nonobese older adults. METHODS: A total of 1453 men and women (age ≥70 years) from the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study were categorized as (1) nondynapenic/nonobese (NDYN-NO), (2) dynapenic/nonobese (DYN-NO), (3) nondynapenic/obese (NDYN-O), or (4) dynapenic/obese (DYN-O), based on muscle strength (Foundation for the National Institute of Health criteria) and body mass index...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914849/age-related-variations-of-muscle-mass-strength-and-physical-performance-in-community-dwellers-results-from-the-milan-expo-survey
#16
Francesco Landi, Riccardo Calvani, Matteo Tosato, Anna Maria Martone, Domenico Fusco, Alex Sisto, Elena Ortolani, Giulia Savera, Sara Salini, Emanuele Marzetti
OBJECTIVES: Declining muscle mass and function are hallmarks of the aging process. The preservation of muscle trophism may protect against various negative health outcomes. Age- and sex-specific curves of muscle mass, strength, and function, using data from a large sample of community-dwelling people, are necessary. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two surveys (Longevity Check-up and Very Important Protein [VIP]), conducted during EXPO 2015 in Milan, consisted of a population assessment aimed at evaluating the prevalence of specific health metrics in subjects outside of a research setting (n = 3206), with a special focus on muscle mass, strength, and function...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913559/physical-activity-as-intervention-for-age-related-loss-of-muscle-mass-and-function-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-lisa-study
#17
Christian Skou Eriksen, Ellen Garde, Nina Linde Reislev, Cathrine Lawaetz Wimmelmann, Theresa Bieler, Andreas Kraag Ziegler, Anne Theil Gylling, Kasper Juel Dideriksen, Hartwig Roman Siebner, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Michael Kjaer
INTRODUCTION: Physical and cognitive function decline with age, accelerating during the 6th decade. Loss of muscle power (force×velocity product) is a dominant physical determinant for loss of functional ability, especially if the lower extremities are affected. Muscle strength training is known to maintain or even improve muscle power as well as physical function in older adults, but the optimal type of training for beneficial long-term training effects over several years is unknown...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913109/protein-profiles-of-taenia-solium-cysts-obtained-from-skeletal-muscles-and-the-central-nervous-system-of-pigs-search-for-tissue-specific-proteins
#18
José Navarrete-Perea, Bárbara Moguel, Raúl José Bobes, Nelly Villalobos, Julio César Carrero, Edda Sciutto, Xavier Soberón, Juan Pedro Laclette
Taeniasis/cysticercosis caused by the tapeworm Taenia solium is a parasite disease transmitted among humans and pigs, the main intermediate host. The larvae/cysts can lodge in several tissues of the pig, i.e. skeletal muscles and different locations of the central nervous system. The molecular mechanisms associated to tissue preferences of the cysts remain poorly understood. The major public health concern about this zoonosis is due to the human infections by the larval form in the central nervous system, causing a highly pleomorphic and debilitating disease known as neurocysticercosis...
November 29, 2016: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912916/potentially-toxic-filamentous-fungi-associated-to-the-economically-important-nodipecten-nodosus-linnaeus-1758-scallop-farmed-in-southeastern-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#19
Antônia Santos, Rachel Ann Hauser-Davis, Manoel José Soares Santos, Salvatore Giovani De Simone
Numerous countries have been confronted with infectious diseases in mariculture activities, including fungi infections, although reports in scallops are scarce. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the occurrence of filamentous fungi in Nodipecten nodosus specimens from three marine farms in Southeastern Brazil. Eight fungi genera were observed in the branchial arches, intestine and muscle tissue of the scallop specimens. These include potentially toxin-producing species, such as Aspergillus, Penicillium and Fusarium...
November 29, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912156/health-benefits-of-aerobic-training-programs-in-adults-aged-70-and-over-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Walid Bouaziz, Thomas Vogel, Elise Schmitt, Georges Kaltenbach, Bernard Geny, Pierre Olivier Lang
Aging is intrinsically associated with a progressive decline in muscle strength and mass, and aerobic capacity. This contributes to reduced mobility and impaired quality of life (QoL) among seniors. Regular physical activity, and more particularly aerobic training (AT), has demonstrated benefits on adults' health. The aim of this review was to assess the current level of evidence regarding the health benefits of AT in the population aged 70 years and over. A comprehensive, systematic database search for manuscripts was performed...
October 31, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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