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Ultraso* AND Hip

Q Ye, F Liu, X Wang, T Han, Y M Qi, F M Wang
Objective: To study the nutritional status and energy metabolic characteristics of patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and to provide evidence for clinical evaluation and intervention. Methods: A total of 359 NAFLD patients diagnosed on ultrasound from June 2015 to March 2017 were selected as study subjects and divided into mild, moderate to severe fatty liver disease group and 50 healthy subjects as control group. The changes of ICW, ECW, body fat, skeletal muscle, protein and visceral fat area (VFA) of patients and controls were analyzed by using body composition analyzer...
July 20, 2018: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
R Biedermann, J Riccabona, J M Giesinger, A Brunner, M Liebensteiner, J Wansch, D Dammerer, M Nogler
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence of the different ultrasound phenotypes of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), and to determine their subsequent course. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A consecutive series of 28 092 neonates was screened and classified according to the Graf method as part of a nationwide surveillance programme, and then followed prospectively. Abnormal hips were followed until they became normal (Graf type I). Type IIb hips and higher grades were treated by abduction in a Tübinger orthosis until normal...
October 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
N M Jandl, T Schmidt, M Schulz, W Rüther, M H F Stuecker
Purpose: The containment orientated treatment of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) affected hip joints is broadly accepted in the literature. The prerequisite is early recognition of loss of containment. An often-used quantitative MRI containment parameter is the cartilaginous acetabulum-head-index (CAHI). Based on ultrasound (US), we analyzed the newly created 'femoral head extrusion angle' (HA) as a containment parameter in comparison with the CAHI in severe LCPD. Methods: In a prospective study with 40 children (mean age 5...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
Hironobu Ueshima, Hiroshi Otake
RATIONALE: The relief of selective hip pain may be difficult to attain. Therefore, a deep nerve block such as epidural anesthesia or lumbar plexus nerve block is required. However, deep nerve blocks may not be possible in patients with complications, including severe cardiovascular disease. PATIENTS CONCERNS: The patient in our report had coronary stents inserted previously and required continuous anticoagulant therapy owing to severe heart failure. DIAGNOSIS: Bipolar hip arthroplasty was required in our patient because of a fracture of the neck of femur on the left side...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Carlos J Marques, Tobias Martin, Andrzej Kochman, Adrian Goral, Frank Lampe, Viktor Breul, Josef Kozak
Background: The question whether Pelvic Tilt (PT) angles measured in the supine position are adequate for the alignment of the acetabular cup without an adjustment for anatomical differences between patients is of clinical importance. The aim of this work was to test for factors that can significantly affect PT angles. Methods: In the present retrospective cohort comparison, the PT angles of 12 Symptom-Free Young Subjects (SFYS) and 45 patients scheduled for Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) were compared...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
S L Loy, Y B Cheung, S E Soh, S Ng, M T Tint, I M Aris, J Y Bernard, Y S Chong, K M Godfrey, L P Shek, K H Tan, Y S Lee, H H Tan, B S M Chern, N Lek, F Yap, S Y Chan, C Chi, J K Y Chan
STUDY QUESTION: Are higher overall and central adiposity associated with reduced fecundability, measured by time-to-pregnancy (TTP), in Asian women? SUMMARY ANSWER: Higher overall adiposity, but not central adiposity, was associated with longer TTP in Asian women. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: High body mass index (BMI) has been associated with a longer TTP, although the associations of body composition and distribution with TTP are less clear. There are no previous studies of TTP in Asian women, who have a relatively higher percentage of body fat and abdominal fat at relatively lower BMI...
October 4, 2018: Human Reproduction
George Feldman, Dietmar Kappes, Jayati Mookerjee-Basu, Theresa Freeman, Andrzej Fertala, Javad Parvizi
DDH is a debilitating condition characterized by incomplete formation of the acetabulum leading to dislocation of the hip, suboptimal joint function and accelerated wear of the articular cartilage resulting in early onset crippling arthritis of the hip in 20-40 year olds. Current diagnostic tests in newborns using physical manipulation of the femur or ultrasound either under or over-diagnose this condition. Developing an accurate, cost effective diagnostic test is a goal of this study. To better understand the biologic pathways involved in acetabular development, DNA from severely affected individuals in a 4 generation family that showed inter-generational transmission of the disorder was isolated and whole exome sequenced...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Alfred C Gellhorn, Jordan M Stumph, Hashem E Zikry, Carly A Creelman, Rachel Welbel
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of muscle strength as performed routinely with a dynamometer may be limited by important factors such as pain during muscle contraction. Few studies have compared formal strength testing with ultrasound to measure muscle bulk in adults with knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: We investigated the muscle bulk of lower limb muscles in adults with knee OA using quantitative ultrasound. We analyzed the relationship between patient reported function and the muscle bulk of hip adductors, hip abductors, knee extensors and ankle plantarflexors...
September 27, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Marco Becciolini, Giovanni Bonacchi, Stefano Bianchi
The hamstring muscle complex is made by a group of posterior biarticular thigh muscles, originating at the ischial tuberosity, which extend the hip and flex the knee joint. Proximal hamstring injuries are frequent among athletes, commonly involving their long myotendinous junction during an eccentric contraction. In this pictorial essay, we describe the ultrasound technique to visualize the normal anatomy of the proximal hamstring muscle-tendon-bone complex and present ultrasound findings in patients with traumatic injuries and tendinopathies...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Jeffrey Kay, Muzammil Memon, Serena Rubin, Nicole Simunovic, Shane J Nho, Etienne L Belzile, Olufemi R Ayeni
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to systematically evaluate the dimensions and thickness of the hip joint capsule. Secondarily, the study assessed whether there were any described correlations between capsule thickness and stability of the hip joint. METHODS: Four databases (PubMed, Ovid [MEDLINE], Cochrane Database, and EMBASE) were searched from database inception to May 2018, and two reviewers independently and in duplicate screened the resulting literature...
September 27, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Tal D Saar, Stefaan Pacquée, Dean Helmar Conrad, Mikhail Sarofim, Philippe De Rosnay, David Rosen, Greg Cario, Danny Chou
Endometriosis is a common gynecological condition which affects 5-10% of women of reproductive age and up to 50% of women with pelvic pain and infertility. The most commonly affected areas are the pelvic peritoneum, ovaries and rectovaginal septum. Isolated endometriosis of the sciatic nerve is very rare. Our patient suffered from worsening right hip and buttock pain with severe exacerbation during menstruation. Several different imaging modalities (ultrasound of her pelvis and right hip, as well as X-rays and computed tomography scans of her right hip and lumbosacral spine) failed to identify any pathology...
April 2018: Gynecology and minimally invasive therapy
Yuqing Ye, Chuang Zhang, Dongdong Zhang, Ningheng Chen, Bin Song, Shiyong Wu, Xueli Guo
OBJECTIVE: In this study, the diagnosis and treatment of patients with femoral vein compression from a synovial cyst of the hip joint were investigated. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted to review hospital records from March 2010 to July 2017 of patients with femoral vein compression from a synovial cyst of the hip joint. The diagnostic procedure, duplex ultrasound results, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were recorded. The method and treatment outcomes were also documented...
September 22, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
David R Maldonado
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Yu-Chen Guo, Yong Zhou, Xing Gao, Yan Yao, Bin Geng, Qing-Hua Cui, Ji-Chun Yang, Hong-Pu Hu
Background: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common chronic liver diseases with a high prevalence in the general population. The association between NAFLD and cardiovascular disease has been well addressed in previous studies. However, whether NAFLD is associated with carotid artery disease in a community-based Chinese population remained unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between NAFLD and carotid artery disease. Methods: A total of 2612 participants (1091 men and 1521 women) aged 40 years and older from Jidong of Tangshan city (China) were selected for this study...
October 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
Nicole Williams
BACKGROUND: Cases of late diagnosed developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) have increased in Australia in recent years despite an ongoing clinical screening program and increasing use of selective ultrasonography screening. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to discuss an evidence-based approach that involves prevention and early detection of DDH using assessment and surveillance that is suitable for general practitioners (GPs) who see young children in their practices...
September 2018: Australian journal of general practice
Eshan Oderuth, Mohammed Ali, Ismael Atchia, Ajay Malviya
BACKGROUND: Greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) is a painful condition characterised by pain around the greater trochanter usually affecting middle-aged women. The majority of patients will improve with conservative management such as physiotherapy and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs); however, if this fails then more invasive treatments including corticosteroid injections and surgery may be required. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous blood product, which has a higher concentration of growth factors postulated to provide enhanced healing and anti-inflammatory properties...
September 21, 2018: Trials
Ciro Manzo
The possibility that polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) can be diagnosed when both ESR and CRP are normal at the time of diagnosis and before therapy with glucocorticoids, has been often discussed in the literature. We present a case report of a 100-year-old Caucasian man referred to our outpatient clinic, complaining of chronic pain in the shoulder and hip girdle associated with normal values of both ESR (21 mm/1st hour) and CRP (4 mg/dL). In the previous four months, several anti-inflammatory drugs and painkillers associated with physiotherapy treatments gave no significant improvement in pain and self-care...
September 20, 2018: Diseases (Basel)
Zhen Wang, Ji Xiao, Zitao Zhang, Xusheng Qiu, Yixin Chen
Background: Preoperative deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a common complication in patients with hip fractures. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) as a frequent comorbidity in middle-aged and elderly patients with hip fractures is known to promote a proinflammatory and prothrombotic state. We aimed to identify whether CKD can increase the risk of DVT in middle-aged and elderly patients with hip fractures, as well as identify other risk factors. Patients and methods: We retrospectively studied 248 middle-aged and elderly patients with hip fractures who were admitted to our hospital from January 2016 to June 2017, meeting all the inclusion criteria...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Yu Ozaki, Tomonori Baba, Yasuhiro Homma, Hiroki Tanabe, Hironori Ochi, Sammy Bannno, Taiji Watari, Kazuo Kaneko
INTRODUCTION: Recently, the branching pattern of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) named Fan type has been reported that LFCN injury cannot be avoided in surgical dissections that use the direct anterior approach to the hip joint in the cadaveric study. We hypothesized that the Fan type can be identified by ultrasound The aim of this study was to investigate whether LFCN injury occurs in DAA-THA in cases identified as the Fan type based on preoperative ultrasound of the proximal femur...
2018: SICOT-J
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