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Ultraso* AND Hip

Eleni Armeni, Anastasia Tsitoura, Leon Aravantinos, Panagiotis Vakas, Areti Augoulea, Demetrios Rizos, Aris Antoniou, Andreas Alexandrou, Efthymios Deligeoroglou, Irene Lambrinoudaki
INTRODUCTION: The present study aimed to assess the association between ovarian volume and demographic and anthropometric parameters, as well as sex hormones and bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women. METHODS: 161 healthy postmenopausal women participated in this cross-sectional study. Fasting venous blood samples were obtained for biochemical/hormonal assessment. Anthropometric parameters included body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR)...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
Mariana Callil Voos, Soares de Moura Maria Clara Drummond, Renata Hydee Hasue
Purpose: Few studies have described mobilization approaches in developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). The present study describes the hip mobilization of a preterm infant (born at 33 6/7 weeks of gestational age) diagnosed with DDH. Design and Methods: During the 43-day hospital stay, the infant was seen twice a week (ten sessions, 20 minutes each). All sessions included hip approximation maneuvers, with the hip positioned in abduction, lateral rotation and flexion, and lower limbs passive mobilization, which were taught to the mother...
2018: Case Reports in Medicine
Esther C Nolton, Jatin P Ambegaonkar
BACKGROUND: Snapping hip syndrome (SHS) is a common hip pathology in dancers. SHS can be either internal or external, resulting from muscle tendon tightness from repetitive hip flexion and extension, accompanied with hip abduction and/or external rotation. Muscular tightness may cause the tendon to become taut and snap over a bony prominence during hip movement, leading to muscular weakness and reduced range of motion from pain. Because SHS is poorly identified and can present similarly to other hip pathologies, many SHS incidences are underreported or misdiagnosed...
December 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Phey Ming Yeap, Philip Robinson
Hip and groin pain often presents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. The differential diagnosis is extensive, comprising intra-articular and extra-articular pathology and referred pain from lumbar spine, knee and elsewhere in the pelvis. Various ultrasound-guided techniques have been described in the hip and groin region for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Ultrasound has many advantages over other imaging modalities, including portability, lack of ionising radiation and real-time visualisation of soft tissues and neurovascular structures...
December 16, 2017: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology
Murat Yegen, Hakan Atalar, Cuneyd Gunay, Osman Yuksel Yavuz, Ismail Uras, Ahmet Yigit Kaptan
PURPOSE: Early detection and conservative treatment are essential for a successful outcome in developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Tübingen hip flexion splint treatment on dislocated hips of type D, 3, and 4 according to the Graf classification. METHODS: A total of 104 dislocated hips in 92 patients were treated with Tübingen splints. Splint treatment was applied to patients with dislocated hips as diagnosed under ultrasonographic evaluation...
November 27, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Jean Paul Meningaud, Mounia SidAhmed-Mezi, Raphaelle Billon, Kessara Rem, Simone La Padula, Barbara Hersant
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Striae distensae (SD) are cutaneous lesions that often occur on the breasts, abdomen, hips, and thighs. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a new technique using a non-invasive Er:YAG laser combined with Spatially Modulated Ablation (SMA) module for the treatment of SD. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective pilot clinical study included 20 patients with skin phototypes I to IV who are affected by SD...
November 27, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Andrea Di Matteo, Emilio Filippucci, Edoardo Cipolletta, Alice Musca, Marina Carotti, Riccardo Mashadi Mirza, Diogo Jesus, Victoria Martire, Daniele Pierucci, Marco Di Carlo, Fausto Salaffi, Walter Grassi
OBJECTIVES: To preliminarily explore the diagnostic potential of ultrasound (US) in detecting calcium pyrophosphate crystal (CPP) deposits at the hip joint in a cohort of patients with calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease (CPPD) which were previously evaluated by conventional radiography (CR); to assess the sensitivity and specificity as well as the agreement between US and CR in the evaluation of hip CPP crystal deposits. DESIGN: Fifty consecutive patients with "definite" CPPD and 40 age/sex/body mass index-matched disease controls who had undergone hip CR within the previous six months were enrolled...
November 26, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
M Edama, R Okuyama, S Goto, M Sasaki
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to clarify the changes of patellar tendon length during isometric knee joint extension and the double leg squat position using ultrasonography. METHODS: The left legs of 17 healthy adults were investigated. Isometric knee extension motion was performed at three positions of knee flexion 30° (knee 30°), knee flexion 60° (knee 60°), knee flexion 90° (knee 90°), and at each limb position, 0% (0% peak torque (PT)), 40% (40% PT), 50% (50% PT), and 60% (60% PT) of the maximum knee joint extension torque were executed at random...
November 10, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
Si Heng Sharon Tan, Keng Lin Wong, James Hoipo Hui
In a 12-year cohort study, all newborns with suspected developmental dysplasia of the hips (DDHs) were scheduled for hip ultrasound at the sixth week of life. Female sex is the only isolated risk factor with a positive likelihood ratio predictive of DDH [1.26; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.04-1.54]. In combination, the presence of two or more risk factors was predictive of DDH (positive likelihood ratio 1.10; 95% CI: 1.00-1.20). The sensitivity and specificity of two or more risk factors for the prediction of DDH were 93...
November 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Cui-Ming Zhang, Jun-Feng Zhang, Jing Xu, Yu-Lin Guo, Gang Wang, Lin-Hua Yang
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is currently considered the gold standard for assessing hemophilic arthropathy (HA) severity; however, MRI is often costly, time-consuming, and difficult to perform in children. In the present study, we evaluated the joint status of hemophilic patients from Shanxi Province, China, using musculoskeletal ultrasonography (MSKUS) and identified the factors that most strongly correlated with disease severity.The study included 104 patients with hemophilia, who underwent MSKUS examination...
November 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Meghan Schmitt, Jamie K Burgess, Jill E Larson, Diane Dudas Sheehan, Joseph A Janicki
CASE: We describe a patient who was diagnosed with developmental hip dislocation at 21 months of age despite having had normal ultrasonography findings at 5 weeks of age. CONCLUSION: This case report provides evidence that late developmental hip dislocation can occur despite normal clinical and sonographic findings early in life, and that it is difficult to know the cause of developmental hip dislocation when it presents late.
November 14, 2018: JBJS Case Connector
Benedikt Büttner, Joschka Dracklé, Katalin Kristof, José Hinz, Alexander Schwarz, Martin Bauer, Ashham Mansur, Ingo Bergmann
BACKGROUND: Continuous blockade of the femoral nerve is widely used for postoperative analgesia after hip surgery. It can be achieved by ultrasound-guided placement of a femoral nerve catheter via either the in plane (IP) or out of plane (OOP) technique. On the basis of postoperative radiographs, we evaluated the paths of femoral nerve catheters with respect to both techniques and its effect on postoperative analgesia. METHODS: Thirty-four patients were randomized to receive a radiopaque femoral nerve catheter via either the IP or OOP technique...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ruiqian Guo, Xi Xiang, Li Qiu
RATIONALE: Gluteal muscle contracture (GMC) is a clinical syndrome characterized by limited hip joint function due to fibrosis and contracture of the gluteal muscle and fascia fiber. Imaging examination is significant for its diagnosis and guidance of surgical treatment. PATIENT CONCERNS: This report presents 3 cases of GMC with bilateral involvement and summarizes the literature on the imaging findings of this disease. The clinical symptoms and presentations of the 3 cases well-matched the clinical diagnosis of GMC...
November 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Roya Mansour-Ghanaei, Fariborz Mansour-Ghanaei, Mohammadreza Naghipour, Farahnaz Joukar, Zahra Atrkar-Roushan, Mohammadjavad Tabatabaii, Najmeh Ghorani
Introduction: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an obesity-associated health problem that causes other liver diseases for the patient. Four anthropometric indices: body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) were analyzed as NAFLD predictors in the present study. Methods: From the total number of individuals who referred to the PERSIAN Guilan Cohort study (PGCS) located in the north of Iran during the period of study, a total of 960 people were enrolled in the present study...
July 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
Hatice Kansu-Celik, Burcu Kisa Karakaya, Yasemin Tasci, Necati Hancerliogullari, Selen Yaman, Sule Ozel, Salim Erkaya
Objective: We investigated whether the ultrasonographic measurement of maternal subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) thickness in the second trimester played a role in predicting gestational diabetes. Materials and methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study in which 223 women were classified as healthy ( n  = 177) or as gestational diabetes ( n  = 46) on the basis of a negative or positive two-step oral Glucose Challenge Test (GCT), respectively...
March 2018: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
Bernhard Steiner, Hans Peter Dimai, Hubert Steiner, Sabrina Cirar, Astrid Fahrleitner-Pammer
OBJECTIVES: Calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS) is a readily accessible and radiation-free alternative to dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for assessing bone mineral density (BMD). Results obtained from QUS measurement cannot directly be compared to DXA, since these techniques capture different bone-specific parameters. To identify individuals who are likely to have osteoporosis by DXA, device-specific thresholds have to be defined for QUS. This cross-sectional study evaluated the accuracy of QUS to identify postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, defined as a T score of -2...
October 20, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Yasuharu Tabara, Tome Ikezoe, Mikihiro Yamanaka, Kazuya Setoh, Hiroaki Segawa, Takahisa Kawaguchi, Shinji Kosugi, Takeo Nakayama, Noriaki Ichihashi, Tadao Tsuboyama, Fumihiko Matsuda
Background: The accumulation of advanced glycation end product (AGE) might exert deleterious effects on musculoskeletal properties. Our study aims to clarify this possible association in a large general population. Methods: This study investigated a general population of 9,203 patients (mean age, 57.8 years). Skeletal muscle mass was measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis, whereas accumulation of AGEs was assessed by skin autofluorescence (SAF-AGE). The muscle strength of upper and lower limbs and usual gait speed were measured in a portion of older (≥60 years of age) participants (n = 1,934)...
October 11, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Wei Fan, Xue-Jiao Li, Hong Gao, Xin Yi, Qiao-Jian Liu
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship of femoral head coverage (FHC) with Graf's classification for diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and its role in evaluating hip stability. METHODS: A total of 4222 hips were screened ultrasonographically with Graf's and Harcke's methods. The stability of hips was analyzed using the difference between FHCs at neutral and flexion positions (FHC-D). RESULTS: (1) For the non-dislocated hips, the mean value of FHC at the neutral position was 59...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
Q Ye, F Liu, X Wang, T Han, Y M Qi, F M Wang
Objective: To study the nutritional status and energy metabolic characteristics of patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and to provide evidence for clinical evaluation and intervention. Methods: A total of 359 NAFLD patients diagnosed on ultrasound from June 2015 to March 2017 were selected as study subjects and divided into mild, moderate to severe fatty liver disease group and 50 healthy subjects as control group. The changes of ICW, ECW, body fat, skeletal muscle, protein and visceral fat area (VFA) of patients and controls were analyzed by using body composition analyzer...
July 20, 2018: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
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October 11, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
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