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ultrasonography AND Hip

S L Loy, Y B Cheung, S E Soh, S Ng, M T Tint, I M Aris, J Y Bernard, Y S Chong, K M Godfrey, L P Shek, K H Tan, Y S Lee, H H Tan, B S M Chern, N Lek, F Yap, S Y Chan, C Chi, J K Y Chan
STUDY QUESTION: Are higher overall and central adiposity associated with reduced fecundability, measured by time-to-pregnancy (TTP), in Asian women? SUMMARY ANSWER: Higher overall adiposity, but not central adiposity, was associated with longer TTP in Asian women. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: High body mass index (BMI) has been associated with a longer TTP, although the associations of body composition and distribution with TTP are less clear. There are no previous studies of TTP in Asian women, who have a relatively higher percentage of body fat and abdominal fat at relatively lower BMI...
October 4, 2018: Human Reproduction
David R Maldonado
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Yu-Chen Guo, Yong Zhou, Xing Gao, Yan Yao, Bin Geng, Qing-Hua Cui, Ji-Chun Yang, Hong-Pu Hu
Background: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common chronic liver diseases with a high prevalence in the general population. The association between NAFLD and cardiovascular disease has been well addressed in previous studies. However, whether NAFLD is associated with carotid artery disease in a community-based Chinese population remained unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between NAFLD and carotid artery disease. Methods: A total of 2612 participants (1091 men and 1521 women) aged 40 years and older from Jidong of Tangshan city (China) were selected for this study...
October 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
Nicole Williams
BACKGROUND: Cases of late diagnosed developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) have increased in Australia in recent years despite an ongoing clinical screening program and increasing use of selective ultrasonography screening. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to discuss an evidence-based approach that involves prevention and early detection of DDH using assessment and surveillance that is suitable for general practitioners (GPs) who see young children in their practices...
September 2018: Australian journal of general practice
Zhen Wang, Ji Xiao, Zitao Zhang, Xusheng Qiu, Yixin Chen
Background: Preoperative deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a common complication in patients with hip fractures. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) as a frequent comorbidity in middle-aged and elderly patients with hip fractures is known to promote a proinflammatory and prothrombotic state. We aimed to identify whether CKD can increase the risk of DVT in middle-aged and elderly patients with hip fractures, as well as identify other risk factors. Patients and methods: We retrospectively studied 248 middle-aged and elderly patients with hip fractures who were admitted to our hospital from January 2016 to June 2017, meeting all the inclusion criteria...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Yu Ozaki, Tomonori Baba, Yasuhiro Homma, Hiroki Tanabe, Hironori Ochi, Sammy Bannno, Taiji Watari, Kazuo Kaneko
INTRODUCTION: Recently, the branching pattern of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) named Fan type has been reported that LFCN injury cannot be avoided in surgical dissections that use the direct anterior approach to the hip joint in the cadaveric study. We hypothesized that the Fan type can be identified by ultrasound The aim of this study was to investigate whether LFCN injury occurs in DAA-THA in cases identified as the Fan type based on preoperative ultrasound of the proximal femur...
2018: SICOT-J
Yohei Yukizawa, Yutaka Inaba, Naomi Kobayashi, So Kubota, Tomoyuki Saito
OBJECTIVE: A history of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a risk factor for newly formed VTE after total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, its morbidity and association with postoperative VTE are not clear and, therefore, were investigated in this study. METHODS: Four hundreds and nineteen patients scheduled for primary THA were included. We preoperatively identified any VTE factors such as obesity, age, and history of VTE by interviewing and duplex ultrasonography for all patients, and the patients were assigned into "high- "or "low-risk" groups, that were the indication whether chemoprophylaxis was administered after surgery...
September 14, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
Yao Yao, Liang Qiao, Kai Song, Xingquan Xu, Dongquan Shi, Zhihong Xu, Jin Dai, Jianghui Qin, Dongyang Chen, Qing Jiang
Purpose: The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the association between preoperative soleal vein (SV) diameter and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) following total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Methods: A total of 402 patients were enrolled, with 229 patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and 173 patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA). Ultrasonography was performed 1-3 days preoperatively, on postoperative days 1, 3, and 7, or before discharge and during follow-up...
2018: BioMed Research International
Altuğ Duramaz, Burcu B Duramaz, Mustafa G Bilgili
There are only a few studies in the literature investigating the effects of gestational age on developmental dysplasia of the hip. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of gestational age on hip ultrasound findings in the early neonatal period in preterm newborns born between 30th and 36th weeks of gestational age. Between January 2008 and December 2013, a total of 788 hips of 394 premature newborns with a gestational age of up to 36th weeks who underwent hip ultrasonography in the first week of their life were retrospectively examined...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Yihua Ge, Zhigang Wang, Yunlan Xu
PURPOSE: To investigate the use of anterior hip ultrasound (van Douveren's method)-assisted Pavlik harness in developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). METHODS: Weekly anterior hip ultrasound scanning was performed in children with fixed Pavlik harness to detect whether hip reduction was achieved with the help of harness (the superior ramus of the pubis, the acetabulum, the femoral head, and the femoral neck being depicted in one plane indicated concentric reduction of the hip), and the stability of the reduction was checked by ultrasonography...
August 16, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Fuat Bilgili, Yavuz Sağlam, Süleyman Bora Göksan, Önder Murat Hürmeydan, Fevzi Birişik, Mehmet Demirel
BACKGROUND: The rate of spontaneous normalization in type IIa hip is reported to be high, whereas in 5-10%, dysplasia persists or worsens. We aimed to evaluate the natural course of type IIa hips by using Graf's own perspective of physiological immaturity and maturational deficit. AIMS: To evaluate the natural course of type IIa hips by using Graf's own perspective of physiological immaturity and maturational deficit. STUDY DESIGN: A single centre, retrospective cohort study...
July 3, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Christopher P Chiodo, Catherine Logan, Cheri A Blauwet
Orthopaedic surgeons frequently use aspirations and injections to both diagnose and treat disorders of the lower extremity. Comprehensive knowledge of regional anatomy, procedural indications, and appropriate techniques are essential. Clinicians must be well versed in a range of musculoskeletal aspiration and injection techniques, including patient positioning, equipment needs, injectable solutions, aspirate analysis, and potential complications. Safe and effective aspiration and injection techniques for the lower extremity, including the hip, knee, foot, and ankle, are reviewed...
August 1, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Oscar Moreno-Perez, Rebeca Reyes-Garcia, Manuel Muñoz-Torres, Esperanza Merino, Vicente Boix, Sergio Reus, Livia Giner, Rocío Alfayate, Beatriz Garcia-Fontana, Jose Sanchez-Paya, Antonio Picó, Joaquín Portilla
OBJECTIVE: HIV infection is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Irisin is a miokyne secreted by skeletal muscle, which may influence insulin homeostasis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and atherosclerosis. Our objective was to evaluate the relationships between serum irisin, insulin homeostasis, NAFLD and subclinical atherosclerosis in HIV-infected males. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in a cohort of HIV-infected patients. PATIENTS: Inclusion criteria: men older than 18 years; antiretroviral therapy (ART) -naïve or on effective ART (<50 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL) without changes in the previous 6 months; no diabetes or hepatitis C...
October 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
M Grewal, S Gupta, M Muranjan, S Karande
Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary thromboembolism are rare and life threatening emergencies in children. We report an 11-year old female who presented with acute complaints of high grade fever, pain in the left thigh and inability to walk and breathlessness since 6 days. On physical examination, there was a diffuse tender swelling of the left thigh, tachypnea, tachycardia with hyperdynamic precordium and bilateral basal crepitations. Ultrasonography and venous doppler of lower limbs showed mild effusion of left hip joint and thrombus in the left common femoral vein and left external iliac vein suggesting a diagnosis of septic arthritis with thrombophlebitis...
July 2018: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
S Humphry, D Thompson, R Evans, N Price, P Williams
Introduction In 2014 our centre started a dedicated clinic for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). The aim of the clinic was to streamline DDH referrals, enabling timely review, imaging and multidisciplinary treatment. Ongoing audit has been carried out based on the UK National Screening Committee newborn and infant physical examination (NIPE) guidelines, first published in 2008. Methods A three-year prospective audit was undertaken between 2014 and 2016 assessing compliance with NIPE standards (ST2b and ST2d) relating to timeliness of expert consultation following positive ultrasonography findings of DDH with positive examination or risk factors...
September 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
I Aguado-Maestro, E Cebrián Rodríguez, E Paredes Herrero, F Brunie Vegas, M Oñate Miranda, N Fernández García, M García Alonso
OBJECTIVES: We present the results of the prospective follow up of a sample of large head metal-metal total hip arthroplasty obtained after the safety alert regarding a higher incidence of revision of these implants. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients implanted with the Recap-M2a-Magnum cup between 2008 and 2011 were included. They were prospectively reviewed recording Harris Hip Score, clinical symptoms of chromium or cobalt intoxication. Serum levels of these ions were requested as well as X-Rays and ultrasonography...
September 2018: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
Hu Wang, Utku Kandemir, Ping Liu, Hong Zhang, Peng-Fei Wang, Bin-Fei Zhang, Kun Shang, Ya-Hui Fu, Chao Ke, Yan Zhuang, Xing Wei, Zhong Li, Kun Zhang
PURPOSE: To determine perioperative incidence and locations of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in injured and uninjured lower extremities following isolated lower extremity fractures (ILEFs). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected data of a consecutive patient series with ILEFs who underwent surgical treatment between September 2014 and September 2017 was performed. Patients' bilateral lower extremities were screened for DVT with duplex ultrasonography (DUS) before and after surgery...
May 22, 2018: Injury
Trinh Mai, Michael Y Woo, Kim Boles, Prasad Jetty
BACKGROUND: The use of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has become increasingly prevalent in medical practice as a non-invasive tool for focused bedside diagnosis. Consequently, some medical schools have begun implementing POCUS training as a standard in their medical school curriculum. The feasability and value of introducing POCUS training at the medical student level to screen for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) should be explored. Given this, the objective of our study was to determine the test characteristics of point-of-care ultrasonography performed by a medical student versus physical examination by vascular surgeons compared to a gold standard reference scan for the detection of AAAs...
October 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Y Su, F T T Lai, B H K Yip, J C S Leung, T C Y Kwok
Despite the high costs of hip fracture, many governments provide limited support for osteoporosis screening. We demonstrated that osteoporosis screening by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) with or without pre-screening by Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) or calcaneal ultrasound are more cost-effective than no screening in Chinese people aged 65 or over in Hong Kong. INTRODUCTION: To examine the cost-effective potential osteoporosis screening strategies for hip fracture prevention in Hong Kong...
August 2018: Osteoporosis International
M A Kabir, M Z Uddin, N I Siddiqui, I H Robi, M S Malek, M S Islam, S Rahman, M S Hossain, S K Mahapatra, M J Alam, F Ahmad, M S Alam, M A Islam
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is emerging as the most common chronic liver condition in the Western world and it is commonly associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). The aim of this study to determine the prevalence of NAFLD and identify the predisposing factors in type 2 DM patients with NAFLD. Total of 258 patients of type 2 DM were included in this observational study in the Department of Medicine, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from 11th May 2013 to 11th November 2013...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
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