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Sevda Sarikaya, Basar Sarikaya
Although inappropriate sexual behavior in dementia is not common, it can be extremely troublesome for healthcare professionals and caregivers as well as patients themselves. There is paucity of data in the literature for the management of these behaviors, but the limited available data suggest efficiency of some commonly used treatment modalities. Herein, we present a 74-year old Alzheimer's disease (AD) patient, known to be heterosexual throughout her past life, presenting with a recent display of same-sex inappropriate sexual behavior six years after the initial diagnosis of her disease...
June 29, 2018: JAD Reports
Adriana G Ioachimescu, Maria Fleseriu, Andrew R Hoffman, T Brooks Vaughan Iii, Laurence Katznelson
BACKGROUND: Dopamine agonists (DAs) are the main treatment for patients with hyperprolactinemia and prolactinomas. Recently, an increasing number of reports emphasized DAs' psychological side effects, either de- novo or as exacerbations of prior psychiatric disease. METHODS: Review of prospective and retrospective studies (PubMed 1976- September 2018) evaluating the psychological profile of DAs-treated patients with hyperprolactinemia and prolactinomas. Case -series and case reports of psychiatric complications were also reviewed...
October 1, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
Gila Bronner, Amos D Korczyn
Background: Patients with Parkinson disease (PD) and their partners report deterioration in their sexual life. Sexual dysfunction (SD), an important and often ignored aspect, is common in PD. Motor and nonmotor symptoms are involved in limiting pleasure and disturbing function. Sexual dissatisfaction is more common in men that in women. Frequently, both patients and partners have SD associated with PD, and both need suitable treatment. These issues need to be evaluated by neurologists or PD nurses and by specialized sex therapists...
January 2018: Movement Disorders Clinical Practice
Maya Barake, Anne Klibanski, Nicholas A Tritos
Dopamine agonists (DAs) represent a cornerstone in the management of patients with hyperprolactinemia and have an important role in the treatment of neurologic disorders, including Parkinson's disease and restless legs syndrome. A growing body of evidence has identified impulse control disorders (ICDs) as possible adverse effects of DA therapy. A variety of ICDs may occur in patients treated with DA, including compulsive shopping, pathologic gambling, stealing, hypersexuality and punding (repetitive performance of tasks, such as collecting, sorting, disassembling and assembling objects)...
December 1, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
Ji-Woo Seok, Jin-Hun Sohn
Accumulating evidence suggests a relationship between problematic hypersexual behavior (PHB) and diminished executive control. Clinical studies have demonstrated that individuals with PHB exhibit high levels of impulsivity; however, relatively little is known regarding the neural mechanisms underlying impaired executive control in PHB. This study investigated the neural correlates of executive control in individuals with PHB and healthy controls using event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Sara Hussain, Khulood Al Jarman, Sahar Hussain
A young man previously diagnosed with Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS) presented with abnormal behaviour over the last 8 days. This included decreased sleeping hours and appetite, hypersexuality, aggressiveness and visual hallucinations. All blood tests and investigations in the emergency department yielded normal results. A preliminary diagnosis of a KLS episode with psychosis was made and the patient was started on a regimen of aripiprazole 10 mg once daily along with lorazepam 2 mg intravenously in two divided doses in the event of agitation or insomnia...
October 12, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Drew A Kingston, Glenn D Walters, Mark E Olver, Enya Levaque, Megan Sawatsky, Martin L Lalumière
We examined the latent structure and taxonicity of hypersexuality in large university and community samples of male and female respondents. Participants completed the Hypersexual Behavior Inventory (HBI) and Sexual Compulsivity Scale (SCS), each as part of larger anonymous online surveys of sexual behavior. Exploratory factor analyses (EFA) were performed in part to prepare the data for taxometric analysis and also to identify the putative dimensions underpinning each measure. Three latent dimensions were identified from each of the Sexual Compulsivity Scale (dyscontrol, consequences, and preoccupation) and Hypersexual Behavior Inventory (coping, dyscontrol, and consequences)...
September 18, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Giovanni Castellini, Alessandra H Rellini, Cristina Appignanesi, Irene Pinucci, Matteo Fattorini, Elisa Grano, Alessandra D Fisher, Emanuele Cassioli, Lorenzo Lelli, Mario Maggi, Valdo Ricca
INTRODUCTION: The actual definitions of paraphilic thoughts or behaviors and hypersexuality are still a matter of debate in the scientific community, and few studies have evaluated their psychopathological correlates in non-clinical samples of both men and women. AIM: This study aimed at shedding light on the gender differences in terms of frequency of paraphilic fantasies and behaviors, and the relationship among paraphilias, hypersexuality, and general psychopathology...
September 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Rebekah M Ahmed, Zoë-Lee Goldberg, Cassandra Kaizik, Matthew C Kiernan, John R Hodges, Olivier Piguet, Muireann Irish
BACKGROUND: Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is characterised by changes in behaviour including alterations in sexual function. While hypersexual behaviour is commonly thought to predominate, emerging evidence suggests that hyposexual behaviour is in fact most prevalent. The underlying mechanisms driving these behavioural changes remain unclear; however, likely reflect interactions between cognitive, emotional, reward processing and physiological functioning. We aimed to systematically quantify changes in sexual behaviour in behavioural variant FTD (bvFTD) and semantic dementia (SD) in contrast with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and to elucidate the neural correlates of these changes using whole-brain voxel-based morphometry...
November 2018: Journal of Neurology
Meghan Gestos, Jennifer Smith-Merry, Andrew Campbell
This study aims to provide a comprehensive systematic review of the literature relating to the representation of women within video games in consideration of adult female wellbeing. The research question of the study assessed whether the representation of women in video games leads to female self-objectification and negative body image in adult women. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) review method was used; comprising a thorough keyword database search, followed by literature screening and data extraction...
September 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Balaswamy Reddy, Soumitra Das, Mustafa Ali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
Astrid Müller, Crispin Leukefeld, Carolin Hase, Kerstin Gruner-Labitzke, Julian W Mall, Hinrich Köhler, Martina de Zwaan
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the association between food addiction (FA) and other addictive behaviours in 216 bariatric surgery candidates (91.7% class 3 obesity; 80.1% women; age Mdn = 44.00 years, range 18-73). METHOD: Assessment included the Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 (YFAS 2.0) and standardized self-report questionnaires to measure symptoms of disorders related to substance use (alcohol and nicotine) and behavioural addictions (gambling, Internet-use, buying, hypersexual disorders, and exercise dependence)...
August 9, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
Shakya Bhattacharjee
Impulsive-compulsive behavior (ICB) in Parkinson's disease (PD) suggests a combination of impulse control disorders (ICDs), such as pathological gambling, hypersexuality, compulsive eating, excessive buying, and compulsive behaviors, such as punding, dopamine dysregulation syndrome (DDS), hoarding, and hobbyism. Hypersexuality and gambling are common in male patients while compulsive buying is common in women patients. Recent studies reveal the prevalence of ICB to be more than 25% among the PD patients. The nigrostriatal, mesocortical, and mesolimbic dopaminergic pathways play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of ICDs in PD patients...
July 2018: Neurology India
Beáta Bőthe, Márton Kovács, István Tóth-Király, Rory C Reid, Mark D Griffiths, Gábor Orosz, Zsolt Demetrovics
The conceptualization of hypersexuality has begun to converge as a result of proposed diagnostic criteria. However, its measurement is still diverse. The Hypersexual Behavior Inventory (HBI) is one of the most appropriate scales used to assess hypersexuality, but further examination is needed to test its psychometric properties among different clinical and nonclinical groups, including samples outside of the United States. The aim of the present study was to investigate the reliability and the generalizability of HBI and to determine a cutoff score on a large, diverse, online, nonclinical sample (N = 18,034 participants; females = 6132; 34...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
Eugenia Cherkasskaya, Margaret Rosario
We review the theory and research on women's sexual desire and present a theory that incorporates internalized representations of relational and bodily experiences into our understanding of the full range of desire in women. To this end, we move away from the current tendency to focus on low sexual desire in women and instead consider desire on a spectrum or continuum from absent or diminished to high desire across multiple sexual orientations, including heterosexual, bisexual, and lesbian. We review definitions of sexual desire, as well as the epidemiology and etiology of hypoactive sexual desire, the most prevalent sexual complaint in women, including the biological, psychological, and relationship correlates of inhibited sexual desire...
June 20, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Beáta Bőthe, Réka Bartók, István Tóth-Király, Rory C Reid, Mark D Griffiths, Zsolt Demetrovics, Gábor Orosz
Criteria for hypersexual disorder (HD) were proposed for consideration in the DSM-5 but ultimately excluded for a variety of reasons. Regardless, research continues to investigate hypersexual behavior (HB). The Hypersexual Behavior Inventory (HBI) is one of the most robust scales assessing HB, but further examination is needed to explore its psychometric properties among different groups. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine the generalizability of the HBI in a large, diverse, non-clinical sample (N = 18,034 participants; females = 6132; 34...
June 20, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Sandra Gray, Susan Rarick
Child sexual abuse (CSA) has been linked to a number of adverse effects including hypersexuality (HYP), substance use (SUB), suicidality (SUI), and depression (DEP). Despite a plethora of research on CSA, little is known about how it affects adolescents and the cultural factors that influence their coping styles. This study was founded on social-cultural coping theory and the model of traumagenic dynamics of sexual abuse, suggesting that CSA consequences lead to maladaptive coping mechanisms influenced by sociocultural factors...
July 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Beáta Bőthe, István Tóth-Király, Marc N Potenza, Mark D Griffiths, Gábor Orosz, Zsolt Demetrovics
Impulsivity and compulsivity are transdiagnostic features associated with clinically relevant aspects of psychiatric disorders, including addictions. However, little research has investigated how impulsivity and compulsivity relate to hypersexuality and problematic pornography use. Thus, the aims of the present study were to investigate (a) self-reported impulsivity and compulsivity with respect to hypersexuality and problematic pornography use and (b) the similarities and possible differences between hypersexuality and problematic pornography use in these domains...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
Helge Molde, Yasaman Moussavi, Stine Therese Kopperud, Aleksander Hagen Erga, Anita Lill Hansen, Ståle Pallesen
Background: Although several case-control studies on the prevalence of Impulse-Control Disorders (ICDs) in Parkinson's Disease (PD) have been conducted, no meta-analytic study on this topic has previously been published. Thus, knowledge about the overall prevalence rate of ICD in PD and factors that might moderate this relationship is lacking. Method: Prevalence studies of ICDs in PD were identified by computer searches in the MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Web of Science databases, covering the period from January 2000 to February 2017...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Kyler Mulhauser, Emily Miller Short, Jeremiah Weinstock
Excessive pornography use and hypersexuality are frequently evaluated via direct self-report of problem severity and negative consequences associated with these behaviors. These face-valid assessments may be less sensitive to problems of hypersexuality in persons with low insight into their condition or in persons with motivation to minimize the negative impact of their pornography use. Demand for addictive substances has been effectively evaluated through a behavioral economic framework using a hypothetical purchase task, in which respondents are asked to report their degree of engagement with the substance as the financial costs associated with use increase...
September 2018: Addictive Behaviors
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