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Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30556782/orthorexia-nervosa-a-behavioral-complex-or-a-psychological-condition
#1
Jana Strahler, Andrea Hermann, Bertram Walter, Rudolf Stark
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Numerous studies have provided evidence for orthorexia nervosa (ON), an eating pattern characterized by an almost manic obsession for and fixation on healthy eating, to be of epidemiological relevance. However, there is scientific debate on whether it is merely a behavioral or lifestyle phenomenon as compared to a mental disorder. Aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore whether ON is of epidemiological and clinical relevance, and whether ON can be distinguished from other mental health disorders and healthy lifestyle features...
December 17, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30554354/crossed-obsessive-compulsive-personality-disorder-and-impaired-theory-of-mind-in-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#2
Annalisa Parente, Irene Pappalardo, Flavio Villani, Anna Rita Giovagnoli
People with epilepsy often suffer psychiatric symptoms or exhibit maladaptive personality characteristics which can impact them more than seizures. This case illustrates a selective association of a Theory of Mind dysfunction, including an impaired comparison of reality and others' behavior, with an obsessive-compulsive personality disorder in a patient with left temporal lobe epilepsy and crossed cognitive functions. The patient revealed visual memory deficits and impaired interpretation of other people's behavior, mental rigidity, and a tendency to formulate inflexible judgements...
December 15, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30553209/prevalence-and-clinical-correlations-of-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-in-schizophrenia
#3
Apala Singh, Ram Pratap Beniwal, Triptish Bhatia, Smita N Deshpande
INTRODUCTION: Obsessive compulsive symptoms are often present in persons with schizophrenia. Adequately powered studies to evaluate the effect of such symptoms in the course of the disorder, are few. AIM: We aimed to estimate the prevalence and type of obsessive-compulsive symptoms in persons with schizophrenia. METHODS: We evaluated 200 outpatients with schizophrenia (DSM-V) on the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS) and the Yale Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (YBOCS)...
November 27, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30553128/predictive-factors-associated-with-driving-under-the-influence-among-brazilian-drug-using-drivers
#4
Juliana N Scherer, Daiane Silvello, Vanessa L Volpato, Vinícius S Roglio, Letícia Fara, Felipe Ornell, Lisia von Diemen, Felix Paim Kessler, Flavio Pechansky
The incidence of driving under the influence of psychoactive substances (DUI) and its recidivism can be curtailed by the proper identification of specific and predictive characteristics among drug users. In this sense, interpersonal violence (IV), psychiatric comorbidity and impulsivity seem to play an important role in DUI engagement according to previous studies. There are, however, limited data originated from low and middle income countries. In the present study, drug-using Brazilian drivers reporting DUI (n = 75) presented a higher prevalence of bipolar disorders (BD; DUI: 8% vs...
December 12, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30541335/problematic-overstudying-studyholism-or-study-addiction
#5
Yura Loscalzo, Marco Giannini
This commentary addresses Griffiths et al. (2018)'s sixth myth about work addiction. We agree that work addiction could also be spread in the school context, although we propose that problematic overstudying may be more similar to an obsession than to an addiction toward the study. We refer to the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria related to the obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and the substance-use disorder, presenting some theoretical considerations related to the similarities and differences between problematic overstudying and these two diagnoses...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30516814/a-nationwide-study-in-denmark-of-the-association-between-treated-infections-and-the-subsequent-risk-of-treated-mental-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents
#6
Ole Köhler-Forsberg, Liselotte Petersen, Christiane Gasse, Preben B Mortensen, Soren Dalsgaard, Robert H Yolken, Ole Mors, Michael E Benros
Importance: Infections have been associated with increased risks for mental disorders, such as schizophrenia and depression. However, the association between all infections requiring treatment and the wide range of mental disorders is unknown to date. Objective: To investigate the association between all treated infections since birth and the subsequent risk of development of any treated mental disorder during childhood and adolescence. Design, Setting, and Participants: Population-based cohort study using Danish nationwide registers...
December 5, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30474829/personality-disorders-are-associated-with-more-severe-forms-of-migraine
#7
Fang Yang, Igor Alvarenga Moreira Dos Santos, Rodrigo Santiago Gomez, Arthur Kummer, Izabela Guimarães Barbosa, Antonio L Teixeira
To investigate the clinical manifestation, disease course, and prognosis of migraine patients with or without personality disorders. This cross-sectional study evaluated 61 patients with migraine diagnosed according to the criteria of the International Headache Society (IHS). Personality disorders were assessed with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-II). Migraine severity was assessed with the Headache Impact Test-6 (HIT-6). We also used a structured clinical interview to diagnose comorbid mood disorders...
November 24, 2018: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30470498/crazy-app-a-web-survey-on-representations-and-attitudes-toward-mental-disorders-using-video-testimonies
#8
M Morgiève, K N'Diaye, A Nguyen-Khac, L Mallet, X Briffault
In the international context of efforts to combat the stigmatization of people with mental health problems, representations and attitudes about these illnesses have not to date been widely investigated in France. However, new technologies offer an unprecedented opportunity to collect such information on a large scale and to deploy more efficient action against stigma. OBJECTIVES: The Crazy'App survey was designed as an instrument for studying potentially stigmatizing representations and attitudes towards mental disorders...
November 20, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30400846/direct-and-moderating-effects-of-personality-on-stigma-towards-mental-illness
#9
Qi Yuan, Esmond Seow, Edimansyah Abdin, Boon Yiang Chua, Hui Lin Ong, Ellaisha Samari, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: While many studies have explored the concept and correlates of stigma towards individuals with mental illness, few have investigated the role of personality in this process. In the current study, we firstly examined the relationship between personality and stigma towards mental illness; and then explored the moderating effects of personality traits on the relationship between contact experience/s and stigma. METHODS: Participants were recruited from public medical (N = 502) and nursing schools (N = 500) from April to September 2016 in Singapore for this cross-sectional survey, and they were randomly assigned to a vignette describing one of the following mental disorders: major depressive disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, alcohol abuse, schizophrenia, and dementia...
November 6, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30361296/behavioural-and-trait-changes-in-parkinsonian-patients-with-impulse-control-disorder-after-switching-from-dopamine-agonist-to-levodopa-therapy-results-of-rein-pd-trial
#10
Jee-Young Lee, Beomseok Jeon, Seong-Beom Koh, Won Tae Yoon, Ho-Won Lee, Oh Dae Kwon, Jae Woo Kim, Jong-Min Kim, Hyeo-Il Ma, Hee-Tae Kim, Jong Sam Baik, Jinwhan Cho
OBJECTIVE: In this multicentre open-label trial, we compared behavioural and neuropsychiatric symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with impulse control disorders (ICD) treated with dopamine agonists before and 12 weeks after substituting dopamine agonists with an equivalent dose of levodopa/carbidopa slow-release formulation. METHODS: Baseline characteristics of 50 PD patients with ICD were compared with those of 60 medicated and 40 drug-naive PD control groups...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30353921/gender-differences-and-similarities-in-aggression-suicidal-behavior-and-psychiatric-comorbidity-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#11
Leo Sher, Sarah B Rutter, Antonia S New, Larry J Siever, Erin A Hazlett
OBJECTIVE: We examined gender differences and similarities in aggression, impulsivity, suicidal behavior, and psychiatric comorbidity in men and women with borderline personality disorder (BPD) compared with healthy controls. METHOD: A community sample of 511 participants (healthy controls: 81 men and 82 women; BPD patients: 145 men and 203 women) were rigorously characterized using structured diagnostic interviews and symptom severity assessments. RESULTS: In comparison to women with BPD, men were less educated, had higher total Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS), BIS - motoric impulsiveness and BIS - non-planning impulsiveness subscale, total Buss Perry Aggression Questionnaire (BPAQ), and BPAQ - physical aggression subscale scores...
October 24, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30345063/the-role-of-cerebellar-impairment-in-emotion-processing-a-case-study
#12
Alexandra K Gold, Rosemary Toomey
Background: Though the cerebellum's role in visuospatial and fine motor functioning has been well-established over the last several years, the role of the cerebellum in emotion has more recently been a focus of scientific inquiry. Cerebellar impairment has been associated with deficits in emotional processing and is linked to a wide range of clinical behaviors including social withdrawal, blunted emotional expression, and impulsivity. In addition, cerebellar impairments have been associated with the onset of psychiatric disorders including major depressive disorder and, more recently, obsessive-compulsive disorder...
2018: Cerebellum & Ataxias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316630/psychiatric-comorbidity-in-persons-with-high-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorders-findings-from-a-tertiary-care-neuropsychiatric-hospital
#13
Abhinav Nahar, Harish Thippeswamy, Mukku Shiva Shanker Reddy, M Thomas Kishore, Santosh K Chaturvedi
BACKGROUND: The literature on co-morbid psychiatric illnesses in adults with high-functioning autism (HFA) spectrum disorder is sparse. PURPOSE: To examine the nature of psychiatric comorbidity and treatment response in adults with HFA spectrum disorder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Case records of subjects (age ≥17 years) who presented over a period of 16 years with primary psychiatric symptoms and further detected to have an HFA spectrum disorder, were analyzed...
September 26, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264606/internet-gaming-disorder-in-adolescence-psychological-characteristics-of-a-clinical-sample
#14
Alexandra Torres-Rodríguez, Mark D Griffiths, Xavier Carbonell, Ursula Oberst
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Internet gaming disorder (IGD) has become a topic of increasing research interest since its inclusion in Section 3 of the DSM-5. Given the lack of clinical studies concerning IGD, exploring the characteristics of clinical samples with IGD will help to delineate the gaming disorder construct and inform future treatment studies. METHODS: Data collection consisted of clinical interviews comprising 31 male adolescents diagnosed with IGD. Alongside the clinical interviews, the participants were administered a battery of psychometric tests assessing the following: IGD, personality traits, comorbid symptomatology, emotional intelligence (EI), and family environment characteristics...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264596/social-media-as-an-effective-therapeutic-tool-for-addressing-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-case-study
#15
Nazdar Qudrat Abas, Dilshad Jaff
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic but very treatable medical condition. Adhering to the therapy plan is considered one of the biggest challenges for OCD patients, especially when communities are insecure due to armed conflicts and political upheavals. This paper documents the results of using social media platforms (especially Facebook Messenger, which provides free internet access) to manage the symptoms of a young female with chronic OCD. The results suggest that social media can be a potentially effective therapeutic tool, mainly in situations where armed conflicts, displacement and insecurity are present and where more traditional customs and conservative norms are sometimes reinforced as a protective mechanism, particularly for women who may be prevented from following the classic person-to-person consultation protocol...
September 28, 2018: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30261937/prevalence-of-personality-disorders-in-the-general-adult-population-in-western-countries-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Jana Volkert, Thorsten-Christian Gablonski, Sven Rabung
BACKGROUND: Personality disorder is a severe health issue. However, the epidemiology of personality disorders is insufficiently described and surveys report very heterogeneous rates.AimsWe aimed to conduct a meta-analysis on the prevalence of personality disorders in adult populations and examine potential moderators that affect heterogeneity. METHOD: We searched PsycINFO, PSYNDEX and Medline for studies that used standardised diagnostics (DSM-IV/-5, ICD-10) to report prevalence rates of personality disorders in community populations in Western countries...
December 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30254981/psychic-euosmia-and-obsessive-compulsive-personality-disorder
#17
Massimo Pasquini, Annalisa Maraone, Valentina Roselli, Lorenzo Tarsitani
Patients with obsessive compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) often refer to a prompt mood improvement upon encountering good scents in general, or fresh laundry borax on their clothes, pillows or home settings. The Authors propose the new term psychic euosmia in the mean of an overstated psychological predisposition for a real pleasant smell that elicits an immediate sense of pleasure, order and calm. The prompt reactions to a pleasant odor might be explained by the involvement of rhinencephalon and its proximity to mood-related limbic circuits, which bypass the cognitive awareness...
September 20, 2018: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215566/results-of-gamma-knife-anterior-capsulotomy-for-refractory-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-results-in-a-series-of-10-consecutive-patients
#18
Giorgio Spatola, Roberto Martinez-Alvarez, Nuria Martínez-Moreno, German Rey, Juan Linera, Marcos Rios-Lago, Marta Sanz, Jorge Gutiérrez, Pablo Vidal, Raphaëlle Richieri, Jean Régis
OBJECTIVE Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a severe psychiatric condition. The authors present their experience with Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) in the treatment of patients with OCD resistant to any medical therapy. METHODS Patients with severe OCD resistant to all pharmacological and psychiatric treatments who were treated with anterior GKRS capsulotomy were retrospectively reviewed. These patients were submitted to a physical, neurological, and neuropsychological examination together with structural and functional MRI before and after GKRS treatment...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196529/determinants-of-binge-eating-disorder-among-normal-weight-and-overweight-female-college-students-in-korea
#19
Youl-Ri Kim, Bo In Hwang, Gi Young Lee, Kyung Hee Kim, Mirihae Kim, Kwang Kee Kim, Janet Treasure
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to describe the clinical features of binge eating disorder (BED) in normal weight and overweight undergraduate Korean women. METHODS: 117 overweight (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 ) and 346 normal weight (18 kg/m2  ≤ BMI < 25 kg/m2 ) undergraduate Korean women completed questionnaires to assess for BED. Their emotional eating behaviors, binge eating-related behaviors, a spectrum of compulsive behaviors such as substance abuse and obsessive-compulsive disorder, and psychological profiles were evaluated through personal interviews and questionnaires...
December 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30184141/from-treatment-response-to-recovery-a-realistic-goal-in-ocd
#20
Elisabetta Burchi, Eric Hollander, Stefano Pallanti
Despite longitudinal studies reporting symptomatic remission rates ranging from 32% to 70%, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is considered a persistent and very disabling disorder. However, these studies suggest that recovery can be a realistic goal for a subgroup of the Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder population and that a clear definition of recovery is timely in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. The aim of this paper is to discuss the dimensions of and propose an operational definition of recovery in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder...
November 1, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
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