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Childhood emotional neglect

Joseph Spinazzola, Bessel van der Kolk, Julian D Ford
Developmental trauma disorder (DTD) has been proposed as clinical framework for the sequelae of complex trauma exposure in children. In this study, we investigated whether DTD is associated with different traumatic antecedents than posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In a multisite sample of 236 children referred from pediatric or mental health treatment, DTD was assessed using the DTD Structured Interview. Trauma history was assessed using the Traumatic Events Screening Instrument (TESI). On an unadjusted basis, both DTD, odds ratios (ORs) = 2...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
S Rafiq, C Campodonico, F Varese
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have observed that dissociative experiences are frequently reported by individuals with severe mental illness (SMI), especially amongst patients that report a history of adverse/traumatic life experiences. This review examined the magnitude and consistency of the relationship between childhood adversity (sexual abuse, physical abuse, emotional abuse, neglect, bullying, natural disasters and mass violence) and dissociation across three SMI diagnostic groups: schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and personality disorders...
October 18, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Hanlin Fu, Tiejian Feng, Jiabi Qin, Tingting Wang, Xiaobing Wu, Yumao Cai, Lina Lan, Tubao Yang
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of childhood maltreatment among college students in China by a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic search of relevant articles in Pubmed, Wanfang Data, Chinese Scientific Journals Fulltext Database (CQVIP), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and China Biology Medicine disc (CBMdisc) was conducted on September 1, 2017. A random-effects model was used to estimate the pooled prevalence and sources of heterogeneity were explored using subgroup analyses...
2018: PloS One
W Häuser, E Brähler, G Schmutzer, H Glaesmer
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) might predispose to and resilience might protect against chronic noncancer pain (CNCP). We studied whether ACE are positively associated with CNCP, whether resilience was negatively associated with CNCP and whether resilience buffered a potential association of ACE with CNCP. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey (N=2,425) representative for the adult German general population was conducted in 2013. The following questionnaires were used: Chronic Pain Grade Questionnaire for CNCP stages; Childhood Trauma Screener for ACE; Brief Resilient Coping Scale for resilience; Patient Health Questionnaire for psychological symptom burden; Giessen Subjective Complaints List for somatic symptom burden...
October 14, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Fang Hong, Amanda R Tarullo, Andrea E Mercurio, Siyu Liu, Qiyue Cai, Kathleen Malley-Morrison
Childhood maltreatment has many deleterious outcomes; however, trait resilience as well as emotion regulation strategies, including suppression and reappraisal, may mediate between childhood maltreatment and later perceived stress. For this study, 267 college students (183 females and 84 males; M age = 19.77, SD = 2.29) completed self-report measures of parental psychological and physical maltreatment, parental emotion neglect, habitual use of suppression and reappraisal strategies, emotion regulation self-efficacy, trait resilience, and recent perceived stress...
October 2, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Debbie Kincaid, Ciaran Shannon, Adrian Boyd, Donncha Hanna, Owen McNeill, Rick Anderson, Michelle Francis-Naylor, Ciaran Mulholland
There has been little examination of the association between trauma and cognitive deficits seen in individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia. Theory of Mind (ToM) impairments are a significant feature of schizophrenia but it remains unclear as to why these deficits are so prevalent in this population. This study aimed to explore associations between ToM deficits and specific forms of childhood adversities in a schizophrenia population. The study sample comprised of 66 adults with a confirmed diagnosis of schizophrenia, attending mental health services in Northern Ireland...
September 21, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Tiara C Willie, Trace Kershaw, Tami P Sullivan
Women experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) are at an increased risk of engaging in sexual risk behaviors and experiencing depressive and posttraumatic stress symptoms. Adverse childhood events (ACEs) can put women at increased risk of poor sexual and mental health. Women experiencing IPV report ACEs, but few studies have examined the heterogeneity in women's experiences of ACEs and its effects on sexual and mental health. Therefore, the current study used latent profile analysis to identify profiles of ACEs (i...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Federico Amianto, Angela Valentina Spalatro, Miriam Rainis, Carla Andriulli, Luca Lavagnino, Giovanni Abbate-Daga, Secondo Fassino
The link between childhood traumatic experiences such as sexual and physical abuse and EDs in adulthood has been widely demonstrated. To date, however, little research focused on the association between emotional abuse and neglect in childhood and Binge Eating Disorder (BED) and obesity in adulthood. We enrolled 127 patients [84 with BED and 43 obese] and 45 healthy controls (HCs). All participants were administered the same battery of psychometric tests. Between-group differences were explored and the relationship between emotional abuse and neglect in childhood and personality and psychopathology in adulthood was tested...
September 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Whitney Barnett, Sarah Halligan, Jon Heron, Abigail Fraser, Nastassja Koen, Heather J Zar, Kirsty A Donald, Dan J Stein
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant global problem, prevalent in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). IPV is particularly problematic during the perinatal and early postnatal period, where it is linked with negative maternal and child health outcomes. There has been little examination of profiles of IPV and early life adversity in LMIC contexts. We aimed to characterize longitudinal IPV and to investigate maternal maltreatment in childhood as a predictor of IPV exposure during pregnancy and postnatally in a low resource setting...
September 18, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Miro Klarić, Sanjin Lovrić
Connections between specific types of altered brain functioning and some mental disorders are still not fully clarified. However, there is a large number of evidence that indicates mental disorders are results of complex interactions of biological and environmental factors. When it comes to environmental factors, the main focus in the scientific literature has been particularly focused on early psychotraumatisation. Early psychotraumatisation is a multi-layered construct that essentially involves sexual, emotional and psychical neglect in childhood and emotional and psychical negligence, with about one-fourth of children experience a traumatic event before the age of 18...
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Marija Raleva
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiology shows that the major risk factors for suicide or attempting suicide are childhood adversities such as sexual and/or physical abuse, neglect, mental illness of caregiver, and family or community violence. Suicide, whether attempted or completed, is a significant social, financial and emotional burden worldwide. Identification of risk factors and antecedents predisposing individuals to increased risk of suicide is hence imperative so as to afford prompt and appropriate monitoring and intervention...
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Richard D Lane, Frances Sommer Anderson, Ryan Smith
BACKGROUND: Early adversity predisposes to chronic pain, but a mechanistic explanation is lacking. Survivors of early adversity with chronic pain often appear impaired in their ability to be aware of, understand, and express distressing emotions such as anger and fear in social contexts. In this context, it has been proposed that pain may at times serve as a "psychic regulator" by preventing awareness of more intolerable emotions. METHOD: This narrative review builds on the premise is that physical and emotional pain are conscious experiences that can compete for selective attention...
September 14, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
Sarah Carr, Amy Hardy, Miriam Fornells-Ambrojo
Background : Best practice guidelines recommend traumatic events should be assessed in psychosis to support the identification and, when indicated, treatment of post-traumatic stress reactions. However, routine assessment in frontline services is rare, and available tools are not tailored to psychosis. Assessment obstacles include lengthy measures, a focus on single, physically threatening events, and the exclusion of psychosis-related traumas. Objective : To develop and validate a brief trauma screening tool for the identification of clinically significant traumas in people with psychosis...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Manuela Gander, Kathrin Sevecke, Anna Buchheim
For the first time, the present study investigates disorder-specific attachment characteristics and childhood trauma in adolescent inpatients with anorexia nervosa (n = 30, girls/boys: 28/2, age: M = 14.84, SD = 1.20), a major depressive episode (n = 30, girls/boys: 27/3, age: M = 15.14, SD = 1.50), and controls (n = 60, girls/boys: 44/16, age: M = 16.10, SD = 1.20). We used the Structured Clinical Interview to diagnose Axis I disorders, the Adult Attachment Projective Picture System to classify attachment representations, and the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire to assess child maltreatment...
September 14, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Alexandre Xavier Gomes de Araújo, Leonardo F Fontenelle, William Berger, Mariana Pires da Luz, Luiz Felipe Araújo da Costa Pagotto, Carla Marques-Portella, Ivan Figueira, Mauro Vitor Mendlowicz
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to compare the clinical and functional status and the trauma-related characteristics of PTSD patients with comorbid OCD whose onset predated the index traumatic event (pre-traumatic OCD) with those of PTSD patient whose comorbid OCD only emerged after the exposure to the traumatic event (post-traumatic OCD). METHODS: Sixty-three individuals with PTSD and comorbid OCD were evaluated with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV AXIS I Disorders and completed the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist - Civilian Version, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Trauma History Questionnaire and the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey...
August 25, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Marion Schwaiger, Markus Heinrichs, Robert Kumsta
Adverse childhood experience such as neglect or abuse can lead to long-term deficits in emotion processing abilities. Animal studies indicate that oxytocin production and/or sensitivity are influenced by variation in early nurturing experiences. The goal of this study was to test whether emotion recognition abilities and empathy might be improved via intranasal oxytocin administration in adults with a history of childhood maltreatment. We assessed a total of 80 healthy participants, half with and half without a history of childhood adversity...
August 27, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Haley L Goodwill, Gabriela Manzano-Nieves, Meghan Gallo, Hye-In Lee, Esther Oyerinde, Thomas Serre, Kevin G Bath
Childhood trauma and neglect influence emotional development and increase the risk for and severity of mental illness. Women have a heightened susceptibility to the effects of early life stress (ELS) and are twice as likely as men to develop debilitating, stress-associated disorders later in life, such as major depressive disorder (MDD). Until now, mouse models of depression have been largely unsuccessful at replicating the diverse symptomatology of this disease and the sex bias in vulnerability. From P4 to P11, a limited bedding model that leads to fragmented maternal care, was used to induce ELS...
September 6, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Shauna L Mc Gee, Jan Höltge, Andreas Maercker, Myriam V Thoma
Background: Trauma, stress, and adversity are well-known for having lasting negative effects on health. Yet, not all individuals go on to develop psychopathology or impaired health. However, little is known about the underlying mechanisms which influence the development of stress-related resilience. Sense of coherence-revised (SOC-R) may play a role in this process, as it is formed through overcoming stress or adversity. It may also influence the steeling effect, which suggests that previous exposure to moderate adversity increases resilience to later adversities...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Martie P Thompson, J B Kingree, Dorian Lamis
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of death among adolescents and young adults. The current study extends the research linking adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) to suicidal behaviors by testing these associations using a nationally representative sample, assessing for suicide ideation and attempts in adulthood, controlling for established risk factors for suicidality, and measuring a broad array of ACEs. METHODS: The sample included 9,421 participants from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health who participated in four waves of assessments spanning 13 years...
September 2, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Violeta J Rodriguez, Stefani A Butts, Lissa N Mandell, Stephen M Weiss, Mahendra Kumar, Deborah L Jones
Childhood trauma (CT) - emotional, physical or sexual abuse, or emotional or physical neglect - has been associated with HIV infection and can lead to poor health outcomes and depression in adulthood. Though the impact of CT on depression may be decreased by social support, this may not be true of individuals living with HIV, due to the additive traumatic effects of both CT and acquisition of HIV. This study examined social support, depression, and CT among HIV-infected (n = 134) and HIV-uninfected (n = 306) men and women...
August 31, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
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