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Childhood emotional neglect

Charlotte Lemaigre, Emily P Taylor
BACKGROUND: There is little research investigating the relationship between childhood abuse, including neglect, and suicidality in adult men, despite epidemiological data suggesting that they are most at risk for suicide. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between childhood abuse and neglect and suicidality, and the possible mediating roles of affect dysregulation and social inhibition. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: a cohort of eighty-six socio-economically deprived male Caucasian participants previously identified as suicidal, attending a non-clinical community group...
November 30, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Anahi Collado, Julia W Felton, Hailey Taylor, Ashley Eure, Richard Yi
Cigarette smoking represents the leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality in the US and understanding its risk factors remains a critical public health endeavor. Low-income individuals and individuals with a history of childhood maltreatment are at heightened risk for cigarette smoking, yet the underlying factors between this association are understudied. Conscientiousness is one construct with potential explanatory relevance to both smoking and childhood neglect. The current investigation examined the association between childhood physical and emotional neglect with smoking (i...
November 29, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Lubna Kanwal Dar, Shazia Hasan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between childhood trauma and dissociation in patients of conversion disorder. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted in Lahore, Pakistan, from April to December 2016, and comprised female patients aged 18-40 years diagnosed with conversion disorder at three major public hospitals of the city. Urdu version of symptom checklist for conversion disorder, the dissociative experiences scale and traumatic experiences checklist were used to measure study variables...
December 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Alison R Yung, Barnaby Nelson, Patrick D McGorry, Stephen J Wood, Ashleigh Lin
Persistent negative symptoms (PNS) defined as negative symptoms that persist for at least six months in the absence of high levels of positive, depressive and extrapyramidal symptoms, are evident early in the course of schizophrenia from the first episode of psychosis. However, their presence even earlier in the illness, in those at Ultra High Risk of psychosis, has not been investigated. In this study, we examined the prevalence, baseline correlates and outcome of PNS in 363 Ultra High Risk individuals. Assessments were conducted at baseline and 2-14 years later (mean follow up time 7...
October 26, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
Giovanni Mansueto, Gabriele Caselli, Giovanni Maria Ruggiero, Sandra Sassaroli
Within the Self-Regulatory Executive Function theory, emerging data suggest that unhelpful metacognitive beliefs might be associated with exposure to early adversities, however the evidence is still sparse and inconclusive. This study aimed to conduct an overview of the literature to evaluate if exposure to childhood adversities might be associated with the presence of unhelpful metacognitive beliefs. A comprehensive research was conducted on PubMed, Science Direct, Google Scholar from inception to May 2017...
November 21, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Min Jin Jin, Wookyoung Jung, Myoung Ho Hyun, Seung-Hwan Lee
INTRODUCTION: Behavioral inhibition system (BIS) has a strong genetic basis, and emotional neglect (EN) in childhood is one of many environmental experiences that can affect individuals. This study aimed to examine the effects and interaction between BIS and EN on central serotonergic activity and other negative affect and cognition. METHODS: A total of 153 non-clinical volunteers (54 men and 99 women; average age, 27.72 years, standard deviation = 6.40) were included in the analyses...
2018: PloS One
M E Pearce, K A Jongbloed, S D Pooyak, A H Blair, W M Christian, R Sharma, A Mazzuca, D S Zamar, M T Schechter, P M Spittal
Background: Mental health and wellbeing, including addressing impacts of historical trauma and substance use among young people, has been identified as a key priority by Indigenous communities and leaders across Canada and globally. Yet, research to understand mental health among young Indigenous people who have used drugs is limited. Aims: To examine longitudinal risk and strengths-based factors associated with psychological distress among young Indigenous people who use drugs...
2018: Global Mental Health
F Y Scheper, C R M Groot, A L C de Vries, T A H Doreleijers, L M C Jansen, C Schuengel
BACKGROUND: Evidence supporting clinical relevance and persistence of disinhibited social engagement behavior (DSEB) pertains mostly to children reared in institutions and foster care. This study examined the course of DSEB in clinically referred home-reared children from early into middle childhood, and associations with neglect/emotional maltreatment, effortful control, Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, and Autism Spectrum Disorder. METHODS: Disinhibited social engagement behavior was examined in 124 children (82% boys, M = 4...
November 17, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Meltem Idig-Camuroglu, Z Belma Gölge
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of gender and childhood abuse on non-suicidal self-injurious (NSSI) behaviors among university students in Turkey. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this study convenience sampling technique was used, the sample consisted of 1000 young adults who were from the eight universities in two big cities; Istanbul and Ankara. Besides with demographic questionnaire, Inventory of Statements about Self-Injury and Childhood Trauma Questionnaire were used...
December 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Yuning Zhang, Charlotte C A M Cecil, Edward D Barker, Shigeyuki Mori, Jennifer Y F Lau
Recent approaches have begun to identify common variance across co-occurring childhood adversities (CAs) and their associations with symptoms of psychopathology. However, few studies have investigated these questions in high-risk samples, and in different cultural contexts. This study examined common variance amongst 18 types of CAs and associated symptomatology in 457 children and adolescents living in 24 residential homes in Japan. Principal component analysis identified four significant components that explained 35...
October 27, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Heather B Ward, Michael T Lawson, Jean Addington, Carrie E Bearden, Kristin S Cadenhead, Tyrone D Cannon, Barbara A Cornblatt, Clark D Jeffries, Daniel H Mathalon, Thomas H McGlashan, Larry J Seidman, Ming T Tsuang, Elaine F Walker, Scott W Woods, Diana O Perkins
AIM: To evaluate the role of tobacco use in the development of psychosis in individuals at clinical high risk. METHOD: The North American Prodrome Longitudinal Study is a 2-year multi-site prospective case control study of persons at clinical high risk that aims to better understand predictors and mechanisms for the development of psychosis. The cohort consisted of 764 clinical high risk and 279 healthy comparison subjects. Clinical assessments included tobacco and substance use and several risk factors associated with smoking in general population studies...
October 25, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Emmett M Larsen, Luz H Ospina, Armando Cuesta-Diaz, Antonio Vian-Lains, George C Nitzburg, Sandra Mulaimovic, Asya Latifoglu, Rosarito Clari, Katherine E Burdick
BACKGROUND: Childhood adversity has been shown to exert profound effects on basic psychological processes well into adulthood. Some of these processes, such as those related to reward and emotion, play critical roles in moral decision-making. As a population with high rates of childhood trauma as well as heterogenous clinical presentation, individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) constitute an enriched group in which to examine the correlates of trauma and other clinical variables with moral cognition...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Joseph Spinazzola, Bessel van der Kolk, Julian D Ford
Developmental trauma disorder (DTD) has been proposed as clinical framework for the sequelae of complex trauma exposure in children. In this study, we investigated whether DTD is associated with different traumatic antecedents than posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In a multisite sample of 236 children referred from pediatric or mental health treatment, DTD was assessed using the DTD Structured Interview. Trauma history was assessed using the Traumatic Events Screening Instrument (TESI). On an unadjusted basis, both DTD, odds ratios (ORs) = 2...
October 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
S Rafiq, C Campodonico, F Varese
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have observed that dissociative experiences are frequently reported by individuals with severe mental illness (SMI), especially amongst patients that report a history of adverse/traumatic life experiences. This review examined the magnitude and consistency of the relationship between childhood adversity (sexual abuse, physical abuse, emotional abuse, neglect, bullying, natural disasters and mass violence) and dissociation across three SMI diagnostic groups: schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and personality disorders...
December 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Hanlin Fu, Tiejian Feng, Jiabi Qin, Tingting Wang, Xiaobing Wu, Yumao Cai, Lina Lan, Tubao Yang
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of childhood maltreatment among college students in China by a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic search of relevant articles in Pubmed, Wanfang Data, Chinese Scientific Journals Fulltext Database (CQVIP), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and China Biology Medicine disc (CBMdisc) was conducted on September 1, 2017. A random-effects model was used to estimate the pooled prevalence and sources of heterogeneity were explored using subgroup analyses...
2018: PloS One
Winfried Häuser, Elmar Brähler, Gabriele Schmutzer, Heide Glaesmer
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) might predispose to and resilience might protect against chronic noncancer pain (CNCP). We studied whether ACE are positively associated with CNCP, whether resilience was negatively associated with CNCP and whether resilience buffered a potential association of ACE with CNCP. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey (N = 2,425) representative for the adult German general population was conducted in 2013. The following questionnaires were used: Chronic Pain Grade Questionnaire for CNCP stages; Childhood Trauma Screener for ACE; Brief Resilient Coping Scale for resilience; Patient Health Questionnaire 4 for psychological symptom burden; Giessen Subjective Complaints List for somatic symptom burden...
October 14, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Fang Hong, Amanda R Tarullo, Andrea E Mercurio, Siyu Liu, Qiyue Cai, Kathleen Malley-Morrison
Childhood maltreatment has many deleterious outcomes; however, trait resilience as well as emotion regulation strategies, including suppression and reappraisal, may mediate between childhood maltreatment and later perceived stress. For this study, 267 college students (183 females and 84 males; M age = 19.77, SD = 2.29) completed self-report measures of parental psychological and physical maltreatment, parental emotion neglect, habitual use of suppression and reappraisal strategies, emotion regulation self-efficacy, trait resilience, and recent perceived stress...
October 2, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Debbie Kincaid, Ciaran Shannon, Adrian Boyd, Donncha Hanna, Owen McNeill, Rick Anderson, Michelle Francis-Naylor, Ciaran Mulholland
There has been little examination of the association between trauma and cognitive deficits seen in individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia. Theory of Mind (ToM) impairments are a significant feature of schizophrenia but it remains unclear as to why these deficits are so prevalent in this population. This study aimed to explore associations between ToM deficits and specific forms of childhood adversities in a schizophrenia population. The study sample comprised of 66 adults with a confirmed diagnosis of schizophrenia, attending mental health services in Northern Ireland...
September 21, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Tiara C Willie, Trace Kershaw, Tami P Sullivan
Women experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) are at an increased risk of engaging in sexual risk behaviors and experiencing depressive and posttraumatic stress symptoms. Adverse childhood events (ACEs) can put women at increased risk of poor sexual and mental health. Women experiencing IPV report ACEs, but few studies have examined the heterogeneity in women's experiences of ACEs and its effects on sexual and mental health. Therefore, the current study used latent profile analysis to identify profiles of ACEs (i...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Federico Amianto, Angela Valentina Spalatro, Miriam Rainis, Carla Andriulli, Luca Lavagnino, Giovanni Abbate-Daga, Secondo Fassino
The link between childhood traumatic experiences such as sexual and physical abuse and EDs in adulthood has been widely demonstrated. To date, however, little research focused on the association between emotional abuse and neglect in childhood and Binge Eating Disorder (BED) and obesity in adulthood. We enrolled 127 patients [84 with BED and 43 obese] and 45 healthy controls (HCs). All participants were administered the same battery of psychometric tests. Between-group differences were explored and the relationship between emotional abuse and neglect in childhood and personality and psychopathology in adulthood was tested...
November 2018: Psychiatry Research
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