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Childhood emotional neglect

Holly A Swartz, Jill M Cyranowski, Yu Cheng, Marlissa Amole
OBJECTIVE: Treatment of maternal depression with psychotherapy has been shown to confer indirect benefits to school-age offspring with psychiatric disorders. The current study sought to understand mechanisms by which improvement in depressed mothers, with and without histories of trauma and treated with psychotherapy, produce changes in children who struggle with psychiatric illnesses themselves. We hypothesized that maternal history of childhood trauma would moderate the relationship between maternal and child outcomes and that increased positive and decreased negative parenting behaviors would mediate the relationship between maternal and child outcomes...
August 3, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Takashi X Fujisawa, Koji Shimada, Shinichiro Takiguchi, Sakae Mizushima, Hirotaka Kosaka, Martin H Teicher, Akemi Tomoda
Reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is a severe social functioning disorder associated with early childhood maltreatment where the child displays emotionally withdrawn/inhibited behaviors toward caregivers. Brain regions develop at different rates and regions undergoing rapid change may be particularly vulnerable during these times to stressors or adverse experiences. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of type and timing of childhood adversities on structural alterations in regional gray matter (GM) volume in maltreated children with RAD...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
Andreas Menke, Dominik Lehrieder, Jasmin Fietz, Carolin Leistner, Catherina Wurst, Saskia Stonawski, Jannika Reitz, Karin Lechner, Yasmin Busch, Heike Weber, Jürgen Deckert, Katharina Domschke
Anxious depression is a common subtype of major depressive disorder (MDD) and is associated with greater severity and poorer outcome. Alterations of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, especially of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) function, are often observed in MDD, but evidence lacks for anxious depression. Childhood adversity is known to influence both the HPA axis and risk of MDD. Therefore, we investigated GR-function in anxious depression dependent on childhood adversity. We enrolled 144 depressed in-patients (49...
July 26, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Bruna Amélia M Sarafim-Silva, Gabrielle D Duarte, Maria Lúcia M M Sundefeld, Éder Ricardo Biasoli, Glauco I Miyahara, Daniel Galera Bernabé
BACKGROUND: Traumatic events in childhood have been associated with the occurrence of anxiety and depression in adulthood. This relation has been investigated in patients with breast cancer; however, it has been little explored in patients with other types of cancer. The objective of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of childhood trauma in patients with head and neck cancer and its association with clinicopathological variables and anxiety and depression levels. METHODS: The study included 110 patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) before they started cancer treatment...
August 6, 2018: Cancer
Jieting Zhang, Yao Zheng
Few studies have investigated how multiple childhood maltreatment experiences co-occur and influence personality disorder symptoms and criminal behaviors in Chinese population. Using a large sample of 1001 incarcerated Chinese males (Mage  = 30.86 years), the current study identified profiles of self-reported childhood maltreatment experiences and examined their associations with Axis II personality disorder symptoms and criminal behaviors. Latent profile model was built on five types of maltreatment (emotional, physical, and sexual abuse; emotional and physical neglect)...
July 20, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Paul Lanier, Allison Dunnigan, Patricia L Kohl
OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment is an adverse childhood experience associated with reductions in child well-being. This study examines whether an evidence-based parenting intervention delivered to families served by the child welfare system (CWS) affects pediatric health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHOD: This study is a randomized controlled trial of Pathways Triple P (PTP) delivered to families with open child welfare cases for child physical abuse or neglect (N = 119)...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Lisa K Brents, G Andrew James, Joshua M Cisler, Clinton D Kilts
Childhood maltreatment history is a prevalent risk factor for substance use disorder and has lifelong adverse consequences on psychiatric wellbeing. The role of personality variations in determining childhood maltreatment-associated outcomes is poorly understood. This study sought to test neuroticism and agreeableness as mediator and moderator, respectively, of functional outcomes associated with having a history of childhood maltreatment and presence/absence of cocaine dependence. Ninety-four participants completed the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-IV), Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI), and the Addiction Severity Index (ASI)...
July 6, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Carla Nasca, Benedetta Bigio, Francis S Lee, Sarah P Young, Marin M Kautz, Ashly Albright, James Beasley, David S Millington, Aleksander A Mathé, James H Kocsis, James W Murrough, Bruce S McEwen, Natalie Rasgon
The lack of biomarkers to identify target populations greatly limits the promise of precision medicine for major depressive disorder (MDD), a primary cause of ill health and disability. The endogenously produced molecule acetyl-l-carnitine (LAC) is critical for hippocampal function and several behavioral domains. In rodents with depressive-like traits, LAC levels are markedly decreased and signal abnormal hippocampal glutamatergic function and dendritic plasticity. LAC supplementation induces rapid and lasting antidepressant-like effects via epigenetic mechanisms of histone acetylation...
July 30, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Adela A Mwakanyamale, Dickson P Wande, Yu Yizhen
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment is becoming predominantly multi-type in nature. Studies report that multi-type child maltreatment is associated with low self-esteem in adolescence and adulthood. There is a lack of published studies in Tanzania regarding multi-type child maltreatment and its relationship with self-esteem in adolescence. This study investigates the prevalence of multi-type child maltreatment and its relationship with self-esteem among secondary school students in Tanzania...
July 24, 2018: BMC Psychology
Raimo K R Salokangas, Tiina From, Sinikka Luutonen, Jarmo Hietala
BACKGROUND: The attachment theory suggests that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) can have an effect on how individuals perceive other people's attitude towards them. ACEs have also been associated with adult depression. We hypothesised that ACEs associate with perceived negative attitude of others (AoO) and depressive symptoms (DEPS), and that these associations differ between the genders. METHODS: Altogether, 692 participants drawn from the general population completed the Trauma and Distress Scale, as a measurement of ACE and its domains: emotional abuse (EmoAb), physical abuse (PhyAb), sexual abuse (SexAb), emotional neglect (EmoNeg) and physical neglect (PhyNeg); a visual analog scale with the question: "What kind of attitude do other people take towards you?", and the self-report scale DEPS on depressive symptoms...
July 21, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
Raimo K R Salokangas, Paul Patterson, Jarmo Hietala, Markus Heinimaa, Tiina From, Tuula Ilonen, Heinrich Graf von Reventlow, Frauke Schultze-Lutter, Georg Juckel, Don Linszen, Peter Dingemans, Max Birchwood, Joachim Klosterkötter, Stephan Ruhrmann
AIM: Depression and suicidal ideation (SUI) and behaviour are more prevalent in females than males, and common in clinical high-risk (CHR) patients. Childhood adversities and trauma (CAT) are associated with adult depression and SUI. The role of gender as a moderator and depression as a mediator for the effect of CAT on SUI has not been explored in CHR patients. METHODS: In all, 245 young help-seeking CHR patients were assessed for SUI (thoughts of killing themselves) with the Beck Depression Inventory at baseline, 9-month and 18-month follow-ups...
July 23, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Cate Bailey, Anna Klas, Rachael Cox, Heidi Bergmeier, Julie Avery, Helen Skouteris
Trauma in early childhood has been shown to adversely affect children's social, emotional, and physical development. Children living in out-of-home care (OoHC) have better outcomes when care providers are present for children, physically, psychologically, and emotionally. Unfortunately, the high turnover of out-of-home carers, due to vicarious trauma (frequently resulting in burnout and exhaustion) can result in a child's trauma being re-enacted during their placement in OoHC. Organisation-wide therapeutic care models (encompassing the whole organisation, from the CEO to all workers including administration staff) that are trauma-informed have been developed to respond to the complex issues of abuse and neglect experienced by children who have been placed in OoHC...
July 23, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
David Kealy, Simon M Rice, John S Ogrodniczuk, Alicia Spidel
Previous research suggests a link between experiences of childhood maltreatment and adult somatic symptom distress. Contributing mechanisms, however, are not yet well understood. It is possible that shame and guilt may function as mediators in the relationship between childhood trauma and adult somatic distress. The present study was developed to investigate the relationship between childhood maltreatment and adult somatic distress, including the potential mediating role of shame and guilt, among psychiatric outpatients...
July 11, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Yasemin Kahya
Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is one of the most alarming social problems all over the world. Recently, IPV research focuses on the bidirectional nature of the phenomenon, which underlines that both women and men can equally be victims and perpetrators of IPV, especially in community samples. The cycle of violence theory asserts that child abuse and neglect (CAN) is a vulnerability factor for being both a victim and perpetrator of IPV while developmental mechanisms perspective assesses mediators explaining this association...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Birgit Fullerton, Gabriela Gniewosz, Andreas Eickhorst, Sabine Walper
Psychosocial Risk Factors and Negative Emotionality in Early Childhood: Mothers' Perspective Based on a nationally representative study of parents, this study examines risk factors for mothers' perceptions of young children's negative emotionality, focusing the role of mothers' educational resources and related psychosocial risk factors. Participants were 7,311 mothers with children below age 48 month. Mothers' perception of child emotionality was assessed through two factors, irritability and defiance. Findings from regression analyses showed a stable negative relationship between maternal education and perceived defiance of the child...
July 2018: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
Alessandra Minelli, Chiara Magri, Edoardo Giacopuzzi, Massimo Gennarelli
Childhood trauma (CT) increases the likelihood of developing severe mental illnesses, such as major depressive disorder (MDD), during adulthood. Several studies have suggested an inflammatory immune system dysregulation as a biological mediator; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying this relationship remain largely undetermined. Moreover, different types of CT, in particular, emotional abuse and neglect, confer a higher risk of developing MDD, and recent meta-analyses showed that each CT can be associated with different pro-inflammatory biomarkers...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Sungkean Kim, Ji Sun Kim, Miseon Shim, Chang-Hwan Im, Seung-Hwan Lee
Individuals who have prior history of childhood traumatic experiences are at a high risk for a variety of psychological and behavioral problems throughout their lifetime. This study aimed to investigate whether such individuals exhibit altered cortical functional networks during a behavioral inhibition task. One hundred fifty-three non-clinical individuals were recruited and instructed to perform a Go/NoGo task during an electroencephalograph. Source-level weighted functional networks based on the graph theory were analyzed for NoGo-P3 processing...
July 4, 2018: Scientific Reports
Paula J Fite, Shaquanna Brown, Waheeda Hossain, Ann Manzardo, Merlin G Butler, Marco Bortolato
BACKGROUND: Postsecondary students in Western countries exhibit a high prevalence of cannabis and tobacco use disorders. The etiology of these problems is contributed by several psychosocial factors, including childhood adversity and trauma; however, the mechanisms whereby these environmental determinants predispose to the use of these substances remain elusive, due to our poor knowledge of genetic and biological moderators. Converging evidence points to the monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) gene as a moderator of the effects of lifetime stress on the initiation of substance use...
June 27, 2018: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
C Liebermann, A S Kohl Schwartz, T Charpidou, K Geraedts, M Rauchfuss, M Wölfler, S von Orelli, F Häberlin, M Eberhard, P Imesch, B Imthurn, B Leeners
STUDY QUESTION: Is maltreatment during childhood (MC), e.g. sexual abuse, physical abuse, emotional abuse and neglect, associated with diagnosis of endometriosis? SUMMARY ANSWER: Childhood sexual abuse, emotional abuse/neglect and inconsistency experiences were associated with the diagnosis of endometriosis while no such association was found for physical abuse/neglect and other forms of maltreatment. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Symptoms of endometriosis such as chronic pelvic pain, fatigue and depression, are correlated with MC, as are immune reactions linked to endometriosis...
June 26, 2018: Human Reproduction
Yoewon Yoon, Julie A Cederbaum, Alix Schwartz
INTRODUCTION: The present study aims to investigate whether problem-focused and emotion-focused coping skills were associated with suicidal ideation. In addition, we examined whether childhood maltreatment (i.e. physical, psychological, sexual abuse, and neglect) is a risk factor for later-on suicidal ideation. METHODS: Youths aged 16 or 18 (n = 307, 56% females) from San Diego and Seattle at Wave 6 and Wave 7 of the LONGSCAN were included in the study. We used hierarchical logistic regression...
August 2018: Journal of Adolescence
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