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tet muscle

Yami Liu, Wen Peng, Kai Qu, Xiaolong Lin, Zhaolin Zeng, Jiaojiao Chen, Dangheng Wei, Zuo Wang
Atherosclerosis is the underlying cause of cardio-cerebrovascular disease. However, the mechanisms of atherosclerosis are still unclear. The modification of DNA methylation has an important role in atherosclerosis development. As a member of the Ten-eleven translocation (TET) family, TET methylcytosine dioxygenase 2 (TET2) can modify DNA methylation by catalyzing 5-methylcytosine to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine and mediate DNA demethylation. Recent findings suggest that TET2 is related to the phenotype transformation of vascular smooth muscle cells, endothelial dysfunction, and inflammation of macrophage, the key factors of atherosclerosis...
June 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Q Li, L Chang, D M Su, X Ma
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of tetrandrine (Tet) on proliferation and activation of rat cardiac fibroblasts. METHODS: Firstly, the cell counting kit-8 (cck-8) assay was applied to detect the effects of Tet with different concentrations on proliferation of cardiac fibroblasts. Secondly, transforming growth factor (TGF-β)with a concentration of 5 μg/L was used to induce the cardiac fibroblast activation, and Western blot was performed to measure the expression variation of β-catenin, vimentin (Vm), fibronectin (Fn) and smooth muscle α-actin (SMA)...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Milan Radovich, Curtis R Pickering, Ina Felau, Gavin Ha, Hailei Zhang, Heejoon Jo, Katherine A Hoadley, Pavana Anur, Jiexin Zhang, Mike McLellan, Reanne Bowlby, Thomas Matthew, Ludmila Danilova, Apurva M Hegde, Jaegil Kim, Mark D M Leiserson, Geetika Sethi, Charles Lu, Michael Ryan, Xiaoping Su, Andrew D Cherniack, Gordon Robertson, Rehan Akbani, Paul Spellman, John N Weinstein, D Neil Hayes, Ben Raphael, Tara Lichtenberg, Kristen Leraas, Jean Claude Zenklusen, Junya Fujimoto, Cristovam Scapulatempo-Neto, Andre L Moreira, David Hwang, James Huang, Mirella Marino, Robert Korst, Giuseppe Giaccone, Yesim Gokmen-Polar, Sunil Badve, Arun Rajan, Philipp Ströbel, Nicolas Girard, Ming S Tsao, Alexander Marx, Anne S Tsao, Patrick J Loehrer
Thymic epithelial tumors (TETs) are one of the rarest adult malignancies. Among TETs, thymoma is the most predominant, characterized by a unique association with autoimmune diseases, followed by thymic carcinoma, which is less common but more clinically aggressive. Using multi-platform omics analyses on 117 TETs, we define four subtypes of these tumors defined by genomic hallmarks and an association with survival and World Health Organization histological subtype. We further demonstrate a marked prevalence of a thymoma-specific mutated oncogene, GTF2I, and explore its biological effects on multi-platform analysis...
February 12, 2018: Cancer Cell
Fei Wang, Svetlana Minakhina, Hiep Tran, Neha Changela, Joseph Kramer, Ruth Steward
The TET (Ten-eleven translocation) 1, 2 and 3 proteins have been shown to function as DNA hydroxymethylases in vertebrates and their requirements have been documented extensively. Recently, the Tet proteins have been shown to also hydroxylate 5-methylcytosine in RNA. 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmrC) is enriched in messenger RNA but the function of this modification has yet to be elucidated. Because Cytosine methylation in DNA is barely detectable in Drosophila, it serves as an ideal model to study the biological function of 5hmrC...
2018: PloS One
Qihua Chen, Jinxia Zhou, Cao Huang, Bo Huang, Fangfang Bi, Hongxia Zhou, Bo Xiao
BACKGROUND: Mutant transactive response DNA-binding protein (TDP-43) is closely correlated to the inherited form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). TDP-43 transgenic rats can reproduce the core phenotype of ALS and constitutive expression of TDP-43 caused postnatal death. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to understand whether neurologic deficiency caused by mutant TDP- 43 is dependent on its temporal expression. METHOD: Transgenic rats were established that express mutant human TDP-43 (M337V substitution) in neurons, then a Tet-off system was used to regulate its expression...
2018: Current Neurovascular Research
Taylor Barwell, Brian DeVeale, Luc Poirier, Jie Zheng, Frederique Seroude, Laurent Seroude
The UAS/GAL4 system is the most used method in Drosophila melanogaster for directing the expression of a gene of interest to a specific tissue. However, the ability to control the temporal activity of GAL4 with this system is very limited. This study constructed and characterized Tet-off GAL80 transgenes designed to allow temporal control of GAL4 activity in aging adult muscles. By placing GAL80 under the control of a Tet-off promoter, GAL4 activity is regulated by the presence or absence of tetracycline in the diet...
2017: PeerJ
Jinlong Luo, Guang Chen, Ming Liang, Aini Xie, Qingtian Li, Qunying Guo, Rajendra Sharma, Jizhong Cheng
Neointima formation is the leading cause of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) failure. We have shown that CKD accelerates this process by transforming the vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) lining the AVF from a contractile to the synthetic phenotype. However, the underlying mechanisms affecting this transformation are not clear. Previous studies have shown that the α -class glutathione transferase isozymes have an important role in regulating 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE)-mediated proliferative signaling of cells. Here, using both the loss- and gain-of-function approaches, we investigated the role of glutathione S-transferase α 4 (GSTA4) in modulating cellular 4-HNE levels for the transformation and proliferation of SMCs...
February 2018: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Xia Zhong, Qian-Qian Wang, Jian-Wei Li, Yu-Mei Zhang, Xiao-Rong An, Jian Hou
Muscle cell differentiation is a complex process that is principally governed by related myogenic regulatory factors (MRFs). DNA methylation is considered to play an important role on the expression of MRF genes and on muscle cell differentiation. However, the roles of enzymes specifically in myogenesis are not fully understood. Here, we demonstrate that Tet2, a ten-eleven translocation (Tet) methylcytosine dioxygenase, exerts a role during skeletal myoblast differentiation. By using an immunostaining method, we found that the levels of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC) were much higher in differentiated myotubes than in undifferentiated C2C12 myoblasts...
March 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
Oliver Baretella, Sookja K Chung, Aimin Xu, Paul M Vanhoutte
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is essential for mammalian development and life, but it has also been implicated in increased cardiovascular risk under pathophysiological conditions. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of endothelial overexpression of the prepro-endothelin-1 gene on endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent responses in the conduit and renal arteries of lean and obese mice. Obesity was induced by high-fat-diet (HFD) consumption in mice with Tie-1 promoter-driven, endothelium-specific overexpression of the prepro-endothelin-1 gene (TEThet ) and in wild-type (WT) littermates on a C57BL/6N background...
April 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Ke Ding, Wen-Ying Liu, Qiang Zeng, Fang Hou, Jian-Zhong Xu, Zhong Yang
Multipotent muscle satellite cells (MuSCs) have been identified as potential seed cells for bone tissue engineering. However, MuSCs exhibit a rapid loss of stemness after in vitro culturing, thereby compromising their therapeutic efficiency. Muscle segment homeobox gene 1 (msx1) has been found to induce the dedifferentiation of committed progenitor cells, as well as terminally differentiated myotubes. In this study, a Tet-off retroviral gene delivery system was used to modulate msx1 expression. After ten passages, MuSCs that did not express msx-1 (e...
March 1, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
Duygu Özel Demiralp, İbrahim C Haznedaroglu, Nejat Akar
OBJECTIVE: Ankaferd® Blood Stopper (ABS) comprises a standardized mixture of the plants Thymus vulgaris, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Vitis vinifera, Alpinia officinarum, and Urtica dioica. The basic mechanism of action for ABS is the formation of an encapsulated protein network that provides focal points for vital erythrocyte aggregation. ABS-induced protein network formation with blood cells, particularly erythrocytes, covers the primary and secondary hemostatic system without disturbing individual coagulation factors...
June 5, 2010: Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
Tommy R Lundberg, Rodrigo Fernandez-Gonzalo, Per A Tesch, Eric Rullman, Thomas Gustafsson
Recent reports suggest that aerobic exercise may boost the hypertrophic response to short-term resistance training. This study explored the effects of an acute aerobic exercise bout on the transcriptional response to subsequent resistance exercise. Ten moderately trained men performed ∼45 min cycling on one leg followed by 4 × 7 maximal knee extensions for each leg, 15 min later. Thus, one limb performed aerobic and resistance exercise (AE + RE) while the opposing leg did resistance exercise only (RE). Biopsies were obtained from the vastus lateralis muscle of each leg 3 h after the resistance exercise bout...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Thomas Chaillou, Xiping Zhang, John J McCarthy
The ribosome has historically been considered to have no cell-specific function but rather serve in a "housekeeping" capacity. This view is being challenged by evidence showing that heterogeneity in the protein composition of the ribosome can lead to the functional specialization of the ribosome. Expression profiling of different tissues revealed that ribosomal protein large 3-like (Rpl3l) is exclusively expressed in striated muscle. In response to a hypertrophic stimulus, Rpl3l expression in skeletal muscle was significantly decreased by 82% whereas expression of the ubiquitous paralog Rpl3 was significantly increased by ∼fivefold...
September 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Hirotaka Iwasaki, Takeshi Imamura, Katsutaro Morino, Takashi Shimosato, Masashi Tawa, Satoshi Ugi, Hidetoshi Sakurai, Hiroshi Maegawa, Tomio Okamura
Mitochondrial oxidative capacity in skeletal muscle is known to decrease in diabetic patients, and sarcopenia is a risk factor for diabetes, particularly in elderly people. We previously revealed that microRNA (miR)-494 inhibits mitochondrial biogenesis during myogenic differentiation in murine C2C12 cells and others reported that exercise regulates miR-494 levels in obese sedentary individuals with increased risk of type 2 diabetes. In this study, to investigate the therapeutic potential of miR-494, we first investigated the role of miR-494 during human skeletal myogenesis...
December 4, 2015: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Attje S Hoekstra, Marieke A de Graaff, Inge H Briaire-de Bruijn, Cor Ras, Reza Maleki Seifar, Ivonne van Minderhout, Cees J Cornelisse, Pancras C W Hogendoorn, Martijn H Breuning, Johnny Suijker, Esther Korpershoek, Henricus P M Kunst, Norma Frizzell, Peter Devilee, Jean-Pierre Bayley, Judith V M G Bovée
Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) and fumarate hydratase (FH) are tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle enzymes and tumor suppressors. Loss-of-function mutations give rise to hereditary paragangliomas/pheochromocytomas and hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma. Inactivation of SDH and FH results in an abnormal accumulation of their substrates succinate and fumarate, leading to inhibition of numerous α-ketoglutarate dependent dioxygenases, including histone demethylases and the ten-eleven-translocation (TET) family of 5-methylcytosine (5 mC) hydroxylases...
November 17, 2015: Oncotarget
Laura M Marquardt, Xueping Ee, Nisha Iyer, Daniel Hunter, Susan E Mackinnon, Matthew D Wood, Shelly E Sakiyama-Elbert
The use of growth factors, such as glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), for the treatment of peripheral nerve injury has been useful in promoting axon survival and regeneration. Unfortunately, finding a method that delivers the appropriate spatial and temporal release profile to promote functional recovery has proven difficult. Some release methods result in burst release profiles too short to remain effective over the regeneration period; however, prolonged exposure to GDNF can result in axonal entrapment at the site of release...
December 2015: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Michael P Rassner, Jonas M Hebel, Dirk-Matthias Altenmüller, Silvanie Volz, Laura S Herrmann, Thomas J Feuerstein, Thomas M Freiman
PURPOSE: Pharmacotherapy of epilepsies is limited due to low concentrations at epileptogenic foci, side effects of high systemic doses and that some potentially efficient substances do not pass the blood-brain barrier. To overcome these limitations, we tested the efficacy of local valproate (VPA)-containing polymer implants in a model of necocortical injected tetanus toxin (TeT) in the rat. METHODS: Tetanus toxin was injected intracortically and cobalt (II) chloride (CoCl2) was applied on the cortical surface...
August 2015: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Firyal Ramzan, Mike McPhail, Pengcheng Rao, Kaiguo Mo, Katherine Halievski, Ashlyn Swift-Gallant, Lucia Mendoza-Viveros, Hai-Ying M Cheng, D Ashley Monks
Polyglutamine (polyQ) expansion of the androgen receptor (AR) causes Kennedy's disease/spinobulbar muscular atrophy (KD/SBMA) through poorly defined cellular mechanisms. Although KD/SBMA has been thought of as a motor neuron disease, recent evidence indicates a key role for skeletal muscle. To resolve which early aspects of the disease can be caused by neurogenic or myogenic mechanisms, we made use of the tet-On and Cre-loxP genetic systems to selectively and acutely express polyQ AR in either motor neurons (NeuroAR) or myocytes (MyoAR) of transgenic mice...
April 22, 2015: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Lei Ke, Guozheng Yan, Zhiwu Wang, Sheng Yan, Zhiqiang Liu
This paper presents the in vitro assessment of a novel elastic scaling artificial anal sphincter system (ES-AASS) with an adaptive transcutaneous energy transfer system (TETS) for treatment of severe faecal incontinence (FI). The proposed adaptive TETS has a phase control, which can maintain the output voltage at ∼7 V across the full range of the coupling coefficient variation (from 0.09-0.31) during the whole process of charging with a phase shift of 177.5° to 79.1°. A maximum surface temperature of 42...
February 2015: Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology
Vincenzo Grimaldi, Maria Teresa Vietri, Concetta Schiano, Antonietta Picascia, Maria Rosaria De Pascale, Carmela Fiorito, Amelia Casamassimi, Claudio Napoli
Recent data support the involvement of epigenetic alterations in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The most widely investigated epigenetic mechanism is DNA methylation although also histone code changes occur during the diverse steps of atherosclerosis, such as endothelial cell proliferation, vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) differentiation, and inflammatory pathway activation. In this review, we focus on the main genes that are epigenetically modified during the atherogenic process, particularly nitric oxide synthase (NOS), estrogen receptors (ERs), collagen type XV alpha 1 (COL15A1), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR), and ten-eleven translocation (TET), which are involved in endothelial dysfunction; gamma interferon (IFN-γ), forkhead box p3 (FOXP3), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), associated with atherosclerotic inflammatory process; and p66shc, lectin-like oxLDL receptor (LOX1), and apolipoprotein E (APOE) genes, which are regulated by high cholesterol and homocysteine (Hcy) levels...
2015: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
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