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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30630990/the-emergence-of-non-communicable-disease-in-indonesia
#1
Dyah Purnamasari
Based on data from the Indonesian Ministry of Health Information Center, the estimated population of Indonesia in 2016 was approximately 258,704,986 people, consisted of 129,988,690 men and 128,716,296 women. This number of Indonesian population represents young population since the proportion of population aged 0-14 years is more than that aged >14 years. Meanwhile, the proportion of population aged 50 years and above is significantly reduced, which is thought to be due to high mortality rate in the middle-aged population...
October 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30621814/drug-resistance-in-extra-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-south-korea-comparison-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#2
J Mok, B H Kang, H-J Kim, S J Lee, T Lee, H-K Lee, Y J Cho, D Jeon
<h2>OBJECTIVE:</h2>To compare the prevalence of and trends in drug resistance in extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) and pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB).<h2>METHODS:</h2>We retrospectively analysed the results of phenotypic drug susceptibility testing (DST) in culture-confirmed TB patients from January 2010 to December 2014 at seven university hospitals in South Korea.<h2>RESULTS:</h2>Of 5599 patients included, 320 (5.7&percnt;) were classified in the EPTB group and 5279 (94...
January 8, 2019: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30616315/-prevalence-of-inpatients-with-liver-disease-in-infectious-diseases-department-of-three-comprehensive-hospitals-in-yunnan-a-multi-center-retrospective-analysis
#3
Q Chen, Z B Yang, H Y Su, L H Zhao, L L Zhang, H Peng, S Z Yin, W H Ma, S W Ma
Objective: To study the constitutional features of diseases spectrum of inpatients with liver disease in infectious diseases department of three comprehensive hospitals to provide resource allocation proposition for the construction of Department of Infectious Diseases. Methods: Inpatients data were extracted from the department of infectious diseases of three comprehensive hospitals (Kunming General Hospital of the People's Liberation Army, Yuxi People's Hospital and Dali People's Hospital) between January 2010 to December 2015, and were retrospectively analyzed...
November 20, 2018: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30612601/diagnostic-accuracy-of-pleural-fluid-adenosine-deaminase-for-diagnosing-tuberculosis-meta-analysis-of-spanish-studies
#4
Rosa M Palma, Silvia Bielsa, Aureli Esquerda, Montserrat Martínez-Alonso, José M Porcel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of pleural fluid adenosine deaminase (ADA) for diagnosing tuberculous pleural effusions in the Spanish population, according to laboratory technique and cut-off point, and to compare the results with other populations. METHODS: Meta-analysis of diagnostic studies on pleural fluid ADA in the Spanish population, extracted from the PubMed and Embase databases from inception until July 2017, with no language restrictions. The overall diagnostic accuracy of ADA and that of each of the measurement techniques (Giusti, manual and automated kinetic methods) and selected cut-offs were analyzed...
January 2019: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30607084/tuberculosis-status-and-coinfection-of-pulmonary-fungal-infections-in-patients-referred-to-reference-laboratory-of-health-centers-ghaemshahr-city-during-2007-2017
#5
Mohammad Reza Jabbari Amiri, Rora Siami, Azad Khaledi
Background: Pulmonary tuberculosis is one of the most important health concerns. Pulmonary fungal infections have clinical and radiological characteristics similar to tuberculosis which may be easily misdiagnosed as tuberculosis. This study aimed to evaluate tuberculosis (TB) status and coinfection of TB with pulmonary fungal infections in patients referred to reference laboratory of health centers Ghaemshahr city during 2007-2017. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted during eleven years, between 2007-2017, on 3577 patients with suspected TB referred to health centers of Ghaemshahr City...
November 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30606317/twenty-years-of-rifampicin-resistance-surveillance-in-bangladesh-periodic-vs-continuous-monitoring
#6
A Van Deun, K J M Aung, M A Hossain, M A H Salim, M Gumusboga, B C de Jong, T Decroo
OBJECTIVE: To analyse 20 years of tuberculosis (TB) drug resistance surveillance, comparing conventional periodic random drug resistance surveys with continuous monitoring, in Damien Foundation-supported districts of Bangladesh. DESIGN: Retrospective study of data on TB drug resistance from five periodic surveys among newly registered patients vs. continuous monitoring of retreatment patients from 1996 to 2016. RESULTS: Periodic surveys and continuous monitoring showed similar trends in rifampicin (RMP) resistance; with all smear-positives registered as denominator, prevalence in new cases was found to be at approximately the same level as incidence in retreatment cases...
December 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30603964/cell-wall-hydrolytic-enzymes-enhance-antimicrobial-drug-activity-against-mycobacterium
#7
Joshua N Gustine, Matthew B Au, John R Haserick, Erik C Hett, Eric J Rubin, Frank C Gibson, Lingyi L Deng
Cell wall hydrolases are enzymes that cleave bacterial cell walls by hydrolyzing specific bonds within peptidoglycan and other portions of the envelope. Two major sources of hydrolases in nature are from hosts and microbes. This study specifically investigated whether cell wall hydrolytic enzymes could be employed as exogenous reagents to augment the efficacy of antimicrobial agents against mycobacteria. Mycobacterium smegmatis cultures were treated with ten conventional antibiotics and six anti-tuberculosis drugs-alone or in combination with cell wall hydrolases...
January 2, 2019: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30596192/modelling-the-morbidity-pattern-of-tuberculosis-and-its-associated-factors-in-oyo-state-nigeria
#8
Yusuf Oyindamola Bidemi, Adepoju-Olajuwon Fatimah Ayobami, Owoeye Deborah Olamiposi, Gbolahan Abbas
Background: With the advent of HIV, the risk of Tuberculosis (TB) has increased. The trend in the number of cases of TB in Oyo State over the past five years has not been documented. Hence, this study reviewed the number of cases of TB and determined some of its associated factors. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on TB surveillance data reported between January 1st 2011 and December 31st 2014. Data were obtained from the integrated disease surveillance and response (IDSR) of Oyo State Ministry of Health, Nigeria...
2019: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30594996/nontuberculous-mycobacteria-strains-isolated-from-patients-between-2013-and-2017-in-poland-our-data-with-respect-to-the-global-trends
#9
Sylwia Kwiatkowska, Ewa Augustynowicz-Kopeć, Maria Korzeniewska-Koseła, Dorota Filipczak, Paweł Gruszczyński, Anna Zabost, Magdalena Klatt, Małgorzata Sadkowska-Todys
INTRODUCTION: During the last decades the prevalence of NTM infections has increased, especially in developed countries. The aim of the study was to provide an overview on all NTM isolated from clinical samples in Poland between 2013 and 2017. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study comprised 2799 clinical specimens, mostly respiratory accessed in the reference laboratory of National Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases Research Institute in Warsaw and in the Wielkopolska Center of Pulmonology and Thoracic Surgery, Poland, 2013-2017...
December 30, 2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30593925/macro-geographical-specificities-of-the-prevailing-tuberculosis-epidemic-as-seen-through-sitvit2-an-updated-version-of-the-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-genotyping-database
#10
David Couvin, Audrey David, Thierry Zozio, Nalin Rastogi
In order to provide a global overview of genotypic, epidemiologic, demographic, phylogeographical, and drug resistance characteristics related to the prevailing tuberculosis (TB) epidemic, we hereby report an update of the 6th version of the international genotyping database SITVIT2. We also make all the available information accessible through a dedicated website (available at http://www.pasteur-guadeloupe.fr:8081/SITVIT2). Thanks to the public release of SITVIT2 which is currently the largest international multimarker genotyping database with a compilation of on 111,635 clinical isolates from 169 countries of patient origin (131 countries of isolation, representing 1032 cities), our major aim is to highlight macro- and micro-geographical cleavages and phylogeographical specificities of circulating Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) clones worldwide...
December 26, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30593555/protocol-for-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-treatment-success-rate-among-adult-patients-with-tuberculosis-in-sub-saharan-africa
#11
Jonathan Izudi, Daniel Semakula, Richard Sennono, Imelda K Tamwesigire, Francis Bajunirwe
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis (TB) is a leading cause of mortality globally. Despite being curable, treatment success rates (TSRs) among adult patients with bacteriologically confirmed pulmonary TB (BC-PTB) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) differ considerably. This protocol documents and presents an explicit plan of a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarise TSR among adult patients with BC-PTB in SSA. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Two reviewers will search and extract data from MEDLINE, EMBASE, Ovid, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature and Web of Science electronic databases...
December 28, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30588415/evaluation-of-tnf-%C3%AE-cytokine-production-in-patients-with-tuberculosis-compared-to-healthy-people
#12
Arezou Mirzaei, Hassan Mahmoudi
Background: Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) is one of the most important causes of human mortality. Approximately one-third of the world's population is infected with TB and 5-10% of them develop the active form of the disease. Cytokines play a major role in the host defense process against Mycobacterium infections. Among these cytokines, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) has a prominent role in the defense of and pathological responses to tuberculosis. Materials and methods: A case-control study was carried out from May 2016 to June 2017...
2018: GMS Hygiene and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30572982/impact-of-socio-economic-inequities-on-tuberculosis-in-a-southern-european-city-what-is-the-effect-of-the-recession
#13
A Prats-Uribe, A Orcau, J P Millet, J A Caylà
<h2>INTRODUCTION:</h2>Economic crises affect a population&apos;s health, particularly among the most deprived. The increase in health inequalities in the latest recession may have influenced the incidence of tuberculosis (TB). We analysed the effect of socio-economic inequities and recession on TB incidence in Barcelona, Spain.<h2>METHODS:</h2>We conducted a population-based incidence study of TB cases in Barcelona of patients who started treatment between 2003 and 2015. A multilevel interrupted time-series analysis was performed to analyse differences in incidence trends between the prerecession (until 2008) and recession periods...
December 20, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30572383/-surveillance-data-on-notifiable-infectious-diseases-among-students-aged-6-22-years-in-china-2011-2016
#14
J Sun, W W Yang, L J Zeng, M J Geng, Y H Dong, Y Xing, J Ma, Z J Li, L P Wang
Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of notifiable infectious diseases among Chinese students from 2011 to 2016 and to provide reference for the effective prevention and control programs on infectious disease among students. Methods: Both morbidity and mortality of notifiable infectious diseases among Chinese students aged 6-22 years from 2011 to 2016 were analyzed, with main characteristics of the disease described. Results: During 2011 to 2016, morbidities of Categories A, B and C infectious diseases among the Chinese students aged 6-22 years showed a decreasing trend, from 248...
December 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30572379/-series-study-on-the-relationship-between-air-quality-index-and-tuberculosis-incidence-in-beijing
#15
M Y Liu, Y J Zhang, Y Ma, Q H Li, Y Liu, W Feng, X N Wang, W M Li, X H Guo
Objective: To analyze the effect of air quality index (AQI) on the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in Beijing, and to provide evidence for setting up a better program regarding prevention and control of tuberculosis. Methods: Generalized additive model (GAM) was used to analyze the association between AQI and the incidence of tuberculosis in Beijing, from January 1, 2014 to November 9, 2016. Confounding factors as meteorological conditions and time trends were under control. Results: In Beijing, a total of 14 533 TB cases with definite dates of onset were collected during the study period, with 36 children excluded from the study...
December 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30571310/slowdown-in-the-decline-of-tuberculosis-rates-in-california-2000-2016
#16
Alvaro Medel-Herrero, Beatriz Martínez-López
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of the 2007-2009 economic crisis on tuberculosis (TB) trends among California residents. METHODS: We analyzed available data from 4 different population-representative data sets. We used time charts, trend lines, and change-point detection tests during 2000 to 2016 to describe TB trends in California. RESULTS: We found statistically significant changes in California TB trends with the time of the onset of the economic downturn based on age-adjusted TB case rates and TB mortality rates, crude rate of TB hospitalizations, and self-reported TB...
December 20, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30570040/-brazilian-national-registry-of-healthcare-establishments-as-a-tool-for-the-analysis-of-decentralization-of-tuberculosis-treatment-to-basic-care-services
#17
Daniele Maria Pelissari, Marina Gasino Jacobs, Patricia Bartholomay, Marli Souza Rocha, Draurio Barreira, Denise Arakaki-Sanchez, João Paulo Toledo, Fredi Alexander Diaz-Quijano
This study aimed to validate a method for classification of healthcare services in Brazil (basic care vs. other levels) and describe the decentralization of tuberculosis (TB) care to basic services (2002 to 2016). The healthcare services that reported and followed TB cases were classified as either "basic care" or "other levels" based on the type of establishment registered in the Brazilian National Registry of Healthcare Establishments (CNES, in Portuguese). The study estimated the agreement between this classification with a previous classification performed in 2013 by Brazil's state and local tuberculosis programs...
December 20, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30560159/evaluation-of-the-performance-of-two-tuberculosis-interferon-gamma-release-assays-igra-elisa-and-t-spot-tb-for-diagnosing-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection
#18
Linchuan Wang, Xu-Dong Tian, Yan Yu, Wei Chen
This data contains information from 3727 patients and shows the performance of two IGRAs tests (T-SPOT. TB and IGRA-ELISA) used in China for screening and diagnostic Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. The positive results were divided into four groups according with the test values, and the proportions of positives in each group were compared. The positive predictive values (PPVs) at different cutoffs for diagnostic active TB and value change trend for the two IGRAs tests were analyzed.
December 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534412/line-probe-assay-and-molecular-typing-reveal-a-potential-drug-resistant-clone-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-ethiopia
#19
Shiferaw Bekele, Yohannes Derese, Elena Hailu, Adane Mihret, Kifle Dagne, Lawrence Yamuah, Tsegaye Hailu, Samuel Ayele, Demissew Beyene, Stefan Berg, Abraham Aseffa
Background: Antimicrobial resistance is a global concern of increasing significance. Multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is spreading worldwide. It is important to monitor trends of antimycobacterial resistance. This is particularly true for high TB burden countries such as Ethiopia where disproportionally less drug sensitivity data are reported from. Methods: The prevalence of drug resistance was assessed with the line probe assay GenoType MTBDR plus in a set of 161  M...
2018: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30531036/seasonal-behavior-and-forecasting-trends-of-tuberculosis-incidence-in-holy-kerbala-iraq
#20
Suhad Hadi Mohammed, Mohanad Mohsin Ahmed, Ali Mousa Al-Mousawi, Adeboye Azeez
Background: Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) remains major public health problem over the world. Cities witnessing religious event throughout of the year like Kerbala/Iraq require great efforts to minimize the incidence of deadly communicable diseases like TB. The aim of this study is to model the monthly incidence rates of PTB cases in Kerbala/Iraq. Methods: This is a retrospective study in which records of confirmed PTB patients whom they referred to the chest and respiratory illnesses center of Holy Kerbala governorate were obtained...
October 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
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