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Premenopausal osteoporosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677309/vitamin-d-calcium-or-combined-supplementation-for-the-primary-prevention-of-fractures-in-community-dwelling-adults-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#1
David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Douglas K Owens, Michael J Barry, Aaron B Caughey, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Martha Kubik, Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Because of the aging population, osteoporotic fractures are an increasingly important cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Approximately 2 million osteoporotic fractures occurred in the United States in 2005, and annual incidence is projected to increase to more than 3 million fractures by 2025. Within 1 year of experiencing a hip fracture, many patients are unable to walk independently, more than half require assistance with activities of daily living, and 20% to 30% of patients will die...
April 17, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657446/assessment-of-the-risk-of-low-bone-mineral-density-in-premenopausal-japanese-female-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#2
Yu Mori, Kazuyoshi Baba, Atsushi Kogure, Takuya Izumiyama, Michiharu Matsuda, Naoko Mori, Tomonori Ishii, Eiji Itoi
Background: The aim of this study was to assess the relationships between clinical parameters and bone mineral density (BMD) in Japanese female patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods: A total of female 136 SLE patients without menopause were retrospectively assessed to identify associations between age, disease duration, body mass index (BMI), glucocorticoid usage and disease activity and BMD based on the treatment with or without bisphosphonate...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617220/the-association-of-dietary-and-urinary-sodium-with-bone-mineral-density-and-risk-of-osteoporosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Somaye Fatahi, Nazli Namazi, Bagher Larijani, Leila Azadbakht
OBJECTIVE: Although some earlier studies have indicated an association between dietary/urinary sodium and bone mass density (BMD), bone mass content (BMC), and the risk of osteoporosis (OS), findings are still conflicting. The aim of this study was to summarize the relation of dietary/urinary sodium with BMD, BMC, and the risk of OS. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search up to April 2017 in PubMed/MEDLINE, SCOPUS, and Web of Science to find relevant studies...
April 4, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572126/bone-health-during-endocrine-therapy-for-cancer
#4
REVIEW
Tilman D Rachner, Robert Coleman, Peyman Hadji, Lorenz C Hofbauer
Preservation of bone health remains a long-term clinical challenge in patients with breast and prostate cancer. Osteoporosis, defined by a loss of bone mass and microarchitecture, often results in fragility fractures that are typically associated with a high socioeconomic burden. Endocrine therapy, a mainstay treatment in the management of patients with hormone-sensitive breast and prostate cancer in the adjuvant setting, commonly exerts adverse effects on the musculoskeletal system and is associated with an increased risk of osteoporosis and fractures...
March 20, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551864/risk-assessment-of-osteoporosis-in-pre-and-postmenopausal-periodontally-healthy-and-chronic-periodontitis-women-with-digital-panoramic-radiographs
#5
Rajashri Abhay Kolte, Abhay Pandurang Kolte, Anushree Manohar Potey
Background: Osteoporosis is particularly high in females, the early identification of which remains a challenge. Panoramic radiographs are routinely advised to detect periodontal diseases and can be used to predict low bone mineral density (BMD). Hence, this investigation was aimed to identify the risk of osteoporosis in pre- and postmenopausal periodontally healthy and chronic periodontitis women with digital panoramic radiographs. Materials and Methods: The study population consisted of 120 patients equally divided as Group I - Premenopausal periodontally healthy, Group II - Premenopausal periodontitis, Group III - Postmenopausal periodontally healthy, and Group IV - Postmenopausal periodontitis...
November 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535940/prevalence-of-osteoporosis-in-apparently-healthy-adults-above-40-years-of-age-in-pune-city-india
#6
Nidhi S Kadam, Shashi A Chiplonkar, Anuradha V Khadilkar, Vaman V Khadilkar
Purpose: The aim of study was to assess the prevalence of osteoporosis and changes in bone mass with increasing age and compare bone health status of apparently healthy men, premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Methods: Data were collected on anthropometric and sociodemographic factors in 421 apparently healthy Indian adults (women = 228), 40-75 years of age, in a cross-sectional study in Pune city, India. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at two sites-lumbar spine (LS) and left femur...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480629/immunomodulatory-effect-of-vitamin-k2-implications-for-bone-health
#7
V D Myneni, E Mezey
OBJECTIVE: In women with postmenopausal osteoporosis, vitamin K2 appears to decrease the incidence of hip, vertebral, and non-vertebral fractures. Women with postmenopausal osteoporosis have more circulating activated T cells compared with healthy postmenopausal and premenopausal women, but the effects of vitamin K2 on T cells have not been studied. In this study, we have looked at T-cell suppression by vitamin K2. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from three healthy donors were used...
March 2018: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422346/bone-loss-in-women-with-brca1-and-brca2-mutations
#8
C Bethan Powell, Amy Alabaster, Nicole Stoller, Mary Anne Armstrong, Chelsea Salyer, Isabella Hamilton, Tina Raine-Bennett
OBJECTIVE: Estimate the prevalence and identify risk factors for bone loss in women with BRCA mutations. METHODS: Women, age 40 and older, with BRCA mutations identified from the Breast Cancer Surveillance database at Kaiser Permanente Northern California were invited to participate and undergo a dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scan to assess for bone loss (osteopenia or osteoporosis). Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to assess clinical factors associated with bone loss...
March 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398856/comparison-of-bone-mineral-density-among-pre-and-post-menopausal-women-with-and-without-chronic-generalized-periodontitis
#9
Priyadarshini Ramasubramanian Svedha, Jaideep Mahendra, Ramakrishnan Theayarajar, Ambalavanan Namachivayam
Background: There have been a very limited number of studies regarding the assessment of bone mineral density (BMD) using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry scan. Hence, the purpose of the study was to assess the relationship between BMD and periodontal health in three different study groups. Materials and Methods: The study comprised of thirty female individuals who were categorized into three groups: ten premenopausal women with healthy periodontium (Group A), ten premenopausal women with generalized chronic periodontitis (Group B), and ten postmenopausal women with generalized chronic periodontitis (Group C)...
March 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348519/guanylate-binding-protein-1-inhibits-osteogenic-differentiation-of-human-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-derived-from-bone-marrow
#10
Shi Bai, Zhixiang Mu, Yuanding Huang, Ping Ji
Guanylate Binding Proteins (GBPs) are a group of cytokine-inducible large guanosine triphosphatase. Previous studies have shown high expression of GBP1 in circulating monocytes of premenopausal subjects was correlated to extremely low peak bone mass, which is considered as an important determinant of osteoporosis. However, whether GBPs play a role in regulation of osteogenesis of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) remains largely unknown. In the present study, we found that mRNA expression of GBP1 was highest among all the GBPs, and it was dramatically downregulated during osteogenic differentiation of human MSCs derived from bone marrow (hBM-MSCs)...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246678/individualized-fracture-risk-feedback-and-long-term-benefits-after-10-years
#11
Feitong Wu, Karen Wills, Laura L Laslett, Malcolm D Riley, Brian Oldenburg, Graeme Jones, Tania Winzenberg
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to determine if beneficial effects of individualized feedback of fracture risk on osteoporosis preventive behaviors and bone mineral density observed in a 2-year trial were sustained long-term. METHODS: This was a 10-year follow-up of a 2-year RCT in 470 premenopausal women aged 25-44 years, who were randomized to one of two educational interventions (the Osteoporosis Prevention and Self-Management Course [OPSMC] or an osteoporosis information leaflet) and received tailored feedback of their relative risk of fracture in later life (high versus normal risk groups)...
February 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177573/triptorelin-a-review-of-its-use-as-an-adjuvant-anticancer-therapy-in-early-breast-cancer
#12
James E Frampton
A 1-month formulation of the gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) triptorelin (Decapeptyl® ) has been approved in the EU as an adjuvant treatment in combination with tamoxifen or an aromatase inhibitor (AI), of endocrine-responsive, early-stage breast cancer in women at high risk of recurrence who are confirmed as premenopausal after completion of chemotherapy. This indication reflects the results of the 5-year SOFT and TEXT studies, especially SOFT, in which ovarian function suppression (OFS; mainly achieved with triptorelin) added to tamoxifen provided a significant benefit in the overall study population of premenopausal patients only after adjusting for prognostic factors...
December 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168740/dietary-intake-of-cadmium-lead-and-mercury-and-its-association-with-bone-health-in-healthy-premenopausal-women
#13
Jesus M Lavado-García, Luis M Puerto-Parejo, Raul Roncero-Martín, Jose M Moran, Juan D Pedrera-Zamorano, Ignacio J Aliaga, Olga Leal-Hernández, Maria L Canal-Macias
The bone is one of the relevant target organs of heavy metals, and heavy metal toxicity is associated with several degenerative processes, such osteoporosis and bone mineral alterations, that could lead to fractures. We aimed to study a presumed relationship between bone density, evaluated by quantitative bone ultrasound (QUS), dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) and the dietary intake of cadmium, lead and mercury in healthy premenopausal women. A total of 158 healthy, non-smoking, premenopausal women were incorporated into the study...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123427/effect-of-age-and-estrogen-on-biochemical-markers-of-bone-turnover-in-postmenopausal-women-a-population-based-study-from-nepal
#14
Bashu Dev Pardhe, Sabala Pathak, Anjeela Bhetwal, Sumitra Ghimire, Shreena Shakya, Puspa Raj Khanal, Sujan Babu Marahatta
Background: Osteoporosis, a common disease worldwide, is characterized by low bone mass and architectural deterioration of bone tissue, leading to enhanced bone fragility and increase in fracture risks. Both menopause and aging are related factors leading to greater risk of bone disease, particularly among postmenopausal women. Hence, the main purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in biochemical markers of bone turnover and to evaluate the association of hormones and age-related factors with biochemical markers between pre- and postmenopausal women...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117613/evaluation-of-the-relation-between-omentin-1-and-vitamin-d-in-postmenopausal-women-with-or-without-osteoporosis
#15
O Dikker, S Bekpinar, Gul Ozdemirler, Mujdat Uysal, Muberra Vardar, Sevgi Atar, Murat Usta, Berrin Huner
Introduction Crosstalk between bone and adipose tissues is implicated in several pathologic conditions related to bone metabolism. Omentin-1, a 34-kD protein, is released from omental adipose tissue. A few studies indicated the effect of omentin-1 on bone health and bone mineral density (BMD) and the interaction of omentin-1 with vitamin D. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between omentin-1, vitamin D, and BMD in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis compared with non-osteoporotic counterparts...
November 8, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018923/is-drug-induced-bone-loss-acceptable-in-premenopausal-women-a-practical-fracture-risk-modeling-exercise
#16
N Binkley, R Besuyen, T Fuerst, L Skillern, D Hans
Premenopausal bone loss increases fracture risk later in life. Depending on peak values, varying degrees of bone mass and microarchitectural loss can be tolerated. We suggest that risk-benefit assessments of drugs that cause premenopausal bone loss be individualized considering baseline status and subsequent BMD and TBS loss. INTRODUCTION: It is logical that drug-induced loss of bone mass and microarchitecture in young adults increase fracture risk later in life. However, no existing data quantify how drug-induced bone loss in younger adults impacts fracture risk later in life...
December 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965212/subsequent-fracture-risk-of-women-with-pregnancy-and-lactation-associated-osteoporosis-after-a-median-of-6-years-of-follow-up
#17
I Kyvernitakis, T C Reuter, L Hellmeyer, O Hars, P Hadji
Almost a quarter of patients with PAO will sustain a subsequent fracture; patients need to be informed about potential risks before deciding for further pregnancies. INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy and lactation-associated osteoporosis (PAO) is a severe type of premenopausal osteoporosis which predominantly occurs in the last trimester of pregnancy or immediately postpartum. Long-term follow-up data including subsequent fracture risk have yet to be reported. METHODS: This single-center prospective cohort study investigated the subsequent fracture risk of all 107 patients with PAO who were referred to our institution...
January 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955692/association-between-hemoglobin-level-and-bone-mineral-density-in-korean-adults
#18
Yun Hwan Oh, Ji Hyun Moon, Belong Cho
BACKGROUND: Low bone mineral density (BMD) increases fracture risk. Anemia is highly prevalent. Some studies suggested that anemia is an independent risk factor for osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between hemoglobin (Hb) level and BMD in Korean adults. METHODS: This study was based on data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008 to 2011. Propensity score-matching was performed to establish a dataset for analysis...
August 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943183/quantitative-ultrasound-of-the-mandible-as-a-novel-screening-approach-for-osteoporosis
#19
Anna Beattie, Seán Cournane, Ciarán Finucane, J Bernard Walsh, Leo F A Stassen
This study used an axial transmission quantitative ultrasound (QUS) device to assess mandibular bone strength. The aim of the study was first to establish the precision and repeatability of the axial transmission QUS measurement for a range of mandibular anatomic sites, and second to investigate the ability of the modality to differentiate between osteoporotic subjects and a control group. Three groups of adult Caucasian women were recruited: (1) healthy premenopausal women (n = 26), (2) healthy postmenopausal women (n = 48), and (3) women with osteoporosis (n = 53)...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886822/osteopenia-and-osteoporosis-in-female-athletes
#20
REVIEW
John M MacKnight
Disorders of bone density are especially prevalent among athletic women. The severity of bone loss ranges from osteopenia to frank osteoporosis. In female athletes, a higher incidence of osteoporosis is due to a decreased rate of bone accretion in youth, often as a result of hormonal deficiency and/or excessive exercise. Low bone mass poses a particular challenge for athletes because it predisposes to stress-related bone injuries and increases the risk of osteoporosis and insufficiency fractures with aging...
October 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
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