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Premenopausal osteoporosis

Dan Mo, Peishan Hsieh, Hongrong Yu, Lining Zhou, Jichun Gong, Lin Xu, Peng Liu, Gang Chen, Zhao Chen, Qiongying Deng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ethnic differences in osteoporosis (OP) and body composition (BC) and their relationship in the Maonan, Mulam, Hmong, and Yao minorities in China. DESIGN: A total of 860 Maonan, Mulam, Hmong, and Yao women were included in this cross-sectional study. Demographic, health history, and lifestyle information was collected using questionnaires. BC was measured through bioelectrical impedance analysis, and bone mineral density (BMD) was assessed via calcaneal quantitative ultrasound...
October 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Carolina A Moreira, John P Bilezikian
CONTEXT: Stress fractures are repetitive use injuries in which recurrent strains lead to material fatigue and microarchitectural discontinuities. Stress fractures account for up to 20% of athletic injuries, more commonly sustained by women and in those who engage in track-and-field events. The pathogenesis of stress fractures is multifactorial. Although most stress fracture are reported among women who may experience menstrual disturbances, low body mass index, low energy intake and sometimes low bone mass, these individuals do not regularly seek endocrinological attention...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Walter A Rocca, Liliana Gazzuola-Rocca, Carin Y Smith, Brandon R Grossardt, Stephanie S Faubion, Lynne T Shuster, James L Kirkland, Elizabeth A Stewart, Virginia M Miller
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between bilateral oophorectomy and the rate of accumulation of multimorbidity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this historical cohort study, the Rochester Epidemiology Project records-linkage system was used to identify all premenopausal women who underwent bilateral oophorectomy before age 50 years between January 1, 1988, and December 31, 2007, in Olmsted County, Minnesota. Each woman was randomly matched to a referent woman born in the same year (±1 year) who had not undergone bilateral oophorectomy...
September 28, 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Dalia Somjen, Zachary T Sharfman, Sara Katzburg, Orli Sharon, Eran Maman, Moshe Salai, Naftali Stern, Oleg Dolkart
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulant therapy is a mainstay of treatment subsequent to major orthopedic surgeries. Evidence linking anticoagulant therapy, osteoporosis, and delayed fracture healing is not conclusive. We have previously reported that rivaroxaban significantly inhibited cell growth and energy metabolism in a human osteoblastic cell line. This study analyzed the response of primary female osteoblast cells to rivaroxaban in combination with various bone-modulating hormones. METHODS: Bone samples were taken from both premenopausal (pre-Ob) and postmenopausal (post-Ob) women...
August 11, 2016: Connective Tissue Research
Elżbieta Skowrońska-Jóźwiak, Maciej Jaworski, Roman Lorenc, Andrzej Lewiński
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study was to assess dietary calcium intake in the Polish population and its influence on selected parameters of bone tissue. MATERIALS AND METHOD: 1,129 osteoporosis treatment-naive subjects, aged 20-80 years, randomly selected, were involved in the study. Bone status was established using densitometry of spine and hip and quantitative ultrasound of the calcaneus. Dietary calcium intake was calculated according to data gathered in a questionnaire...
September 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
J Menzel, R Di Giuseppe, R Biemann, K Aleksandrova, O Kuxhaus, C Wittenbecher, A Fritsche, M B Schulze, B Isermann, H Boeing, C Weikert
PURPOSE: Several studies implicated a crosstalk between bone and fat in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis. Few studies indicated an association between adiponectin and omentin-1 on the bone remodeling process and bone mineral density, and suggested osteoprotegerin (OPG) as a mediator of this relationship. However, only limited evidence on this relationship is available in humans. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the association between omentin-1, adiponectin and broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) in peri-/premenopausal and postmenopausal women, and to assess the role of OPG as a possible mediator...
November 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
A Fassio, L Idolazzi, M A Jaber, C Dartizio, O Viapiana, M Rossini, D Gatti
Osteoporosis is a well-known extra-articular complication in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The chronic corticosteroid treatment, the functional impairment associated with RA and the disease itself appear to be the most relevant determinants. Most of the previous studies involved postmenopausal women, in whom the estrogenic deficiency might amplify the negative effect towards bone of both RA and corticosteroid therapy. We decided to evaluate bone health in a cohort of premenopausal RA patients. The study population includes 47 premenopausal women attending our outpatient clinic for RA and twice as many healthy age-matched control women selected from the hospital personnel...
2016: Reumatismo
Nicoletta Provinciali, Chen Suen, Barbara K Dunn, Andrea DeCensi
INTRODUCTION: Raloxifene is an estrogen receptor modulator which competes with estrogens for binding to the estrogen receptor . Based on the results of the STAR (Study of Tamoxifen And Raloxifene) trial, raloxifene has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the reduction of breast cancer (BC) risk in postmenopausal women at increased risk. AREAS COVERED: This analysis reviews the activity of raloxifene and the clinical trials for non-BC indications which led to investigate its use as BC preventive agent...
September 1, 2016: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
Roland Kocijan, Christian Muschitz, Elisabeth Geiger, Susanna Skalicky, Andreas Baierl, Rainer Dormann, Fabian Plachel, Xaver Feichtinger, Patrick Heimel, Astrid Fahrleitner-Pammer, Johannes Grillari, Heinz Redl, Heinrich Resch, Matthias Hackl
CONTEXT: Established bone turnover markers (BTM) do not reflect fracture risk in idiopathic male and premenopausal osteoporosis and the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in these patients is currently unclear. miRNAs are a class of small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression and bone tissue homeostasis. They are considered a new class of endocrine regulators with promising potential as biomarkers. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of circulating miRNA signatures in male and female subjects with idiopathic and postmenopausal osteoporotic low-traumatic fractures...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
F Gossiel, C Hoyle, E V McCloskey, K E Naylor, J Walsh, N Peel, R Eastell
Bisphosphonates are used to treat bone disease characterised by increased bone resorption by inhibiting the activity of mature osteoclasts, resulting in decreased bone turnover. Bisphosphonates may also reduce the population of osteoclast precursor cells. Our aims were to investigate the effect of bisphosphonates on i) osteoclast precursor cells and ii) circulating cytokine and cytokine receptor in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis compared with healthy premenopausal women. Participants were 62 postmenopausal women (mean age 66) from a 48-week parallel group trial of bisphosphonates...
November 2016: Bone
M K Kim, S J Chon, E B Noe, Y H Roh, B H Yun, S Cho, Y S Choi, B S Lee, S K Seo
: Excessive amount of calcium intake increased risk for metabolic syndrome in men. However, modest amount decreased the risk of metabolic syndrome and osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Modest amount of calcium also increased bone mineral density (BMD) in both men and postmenopausal women. INTRODUCTION: The present study aimed to evaluate the associations of dietary calcium intake with metabolic syndrome and bone mineral density (BMD) in Korean men and women, especially postmenopausal women...
August 8, 2016: Osteoporosis International
Yi-Ding Chen, Ci-You Huang, Hai-Ying Liu, Wei-Feng Yao, Wei-Guo Wu, Yu-Lian Lu, Wen Wang
BACKGROUND: The chemokine (C-X3-C motif) ligand 1 (CX3CL1), also called fractalkine (FKN), has recently been reported to be involved in osteoclastogenic process and pathological bone destruction. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the link between serum CX3CL1/FKN levels with disease progression of postmenopausal osteoporotic patients. METHODS: A total of 53 women with postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP group), 51 postmenopausal non-osteoporotic female patients (PMNOP group) and 50 premenopausal non-osteoporotic healthy women of childbearing age (control group) were enrolled in the study...
July 2016: British Journal of Biomedical Science
Monika Frysz, Kevin Deere, Debbie A Lawlor, Li Benfield, Jon H Tobias, Celia L Gregson
Osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease(CVD) are both common causes of morbidity and mortality. Previous studies, mainly of people over 60 years, suggest a relationship between these conditions. Our aim was to determine the association between bone characteristics and CVD markers in younger and middle-aged individuals. Women (n = 3,366) and their adolescent offspring (n= 4,368) from the UK population-based cohort study, Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children(ALSPAC), were investigated. We measured total body(TB) and hip BMD, TB bone area(BA) and bone mineral content(BMC) by DXA, and carotid intima-media thickness(cIMT) by high-resolution ultrasound...
June 30, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Abhishek Thakur, Subhash C Mandal, Sugato Banerjee
A predominant number of diseases affecting women are related to female hormones. In most of the cases, these diseases are reported to be associated with menstrual problems. These diseases affect female reproductive organs such as the breast, uterus, and ovaries. Estrogen is the main hormone responsible for the menstrual cycle, so irregular menstruation is primarily due to a disturbance in estrogen levels. Estrogen imbalance leads to various pathological conditions in premenopausal women, such as endometriosis, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, prostate cancer, poly cysts, intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, osteoporosis, cardiovascular diseases, obesity, etc...
June 2016: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
Hatem A Azim, Nancy E Davidson, Kathryn J Ruddy
For the hundreds of thousands of premenopausal women who are diagnosed annually with endocrine-sensitive breast cancer, treatment strategies are complex. For many, chemotherapy may not be necessary, and endocrine therapy decision making is paramount. Options for adjuvant endocrine regimens include tamoxifen for 5 years, tamoxifen for 10 years, ovarian function suppression (OFS) plus tamoxifen for 5 years, and OFS plus an aromatase inhibitor for 5 years. There are modest differences in efficacy between these regimens, with a benefit from OFS most obvious among patients with higher-risk disease; therefore, choosing which should be used for a given patient requires consideration of expected toxicities and patient preferences...
2016: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
Bhavna Daswani, Shubhangi Gavali, Meena Desai, Anushree Patil, M Ikram Khatkhatay
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Phosphorylated heat shock protein 27 (pHSP27) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis. oxidative stress and proinflammatory cytokines, which are known to be involved in aetiology of osteoporosis, can trigger HSP27 phosphorylation. Since pHSP27 is present in circulation, it was hypothesized that serum pHSP27 would be elevated in low bone mineral density (BMD) condition and might serve as an indicator of osteoporosis/osteopenia. Hence, the aim of this study was to examine serum levels of pHSP27 in relation with BMD in pre- and postmenopausal women...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Victor Hng Hang Goh, William George Hart
OBJECTIVE: The study evaluated relationships between menopausal statuses, hormone replacement therapy (HRT), body mass index (BMI), percent body fat (PBF), and exercise with osteoporosis and bone mineral density (BMD) in Singaporean women. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The spine BMD, and femoral neck BMD as well as the prevalence of osteoporosis are the main outcome measures studied. RESULTS: Age, BMI, PBF and exercise intensity were independently associated with spine and femoral neck BMD...
July 2016: Maturitas
Huanhuan Qi, Jun Bao, Guohua An, Gang Ouyang, Pengling Zhang, Chao Wang, Hanjie Ying, Pingkai Ouyang, Bo Ma, Qi Zhang
The present study describes for the first time, a metabolic profile reflecting the osteoporosis progression in 364 pre- and postmenopausal Chinese women using GC-MS. In order to accurately evaluate the dynamic changes of metabolites along with estrogen deficiency and osteoporosis progression, we divided these subjects into the following four groups: premenopausal women with normal bone mass density (BMD, group I), postmenopausal women with normal BMD (group II), postmenopausal women with osteopenia (group III) and postmenopausal women with osteoporosis (group IV), according to their menopause or low BMD status...
June 21, 2016: Molecular BioSystems
J Lim, H S Park
AIM: Osteoporosis and sarcopenia are common health problems in postmenopausal women. However, studies of these issues in premenopausal women are limited. Our present study aimed to investigate relationship the between underweight, bone mineral density (BMD) and skeletal muscle index (SMI) in a representative sample of premenopausal Korean women. METHODS: We used data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (2009-2010). Participants included 1767 healthy, ≥ 20-year-old, non-obese premenopausal women...
June 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
L Ma, Y Song, C Li, E Wang, D Zheng, F Qu, J Zhou
OBJECTIVES: To explore the serum levels of bone resorption marker C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX) and bone formation marker N-amino terminal propeptide of type I collagen (PINP) in Chinese women across the menopausal transition and the correlation between follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and estradiol with the bone turnover markers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 464 healthy Chinese women, separated into pre-, peri- and postmenopausal groups based on their menstruation changes...
August 2016: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
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