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Joon Seok Lee, In Kyu Park, Samina Park, Kwan Yong Hyun, Chang Hyun Kang, Young Tae Kim
We report the rare case of a 58-year-old woman who was diagnosed with fungal empyema thoracis combined with osteoradionecrosis. After 32 months of home care followed by open window thoracostomy, thoracoplasty with serratus anterior muscle transposition and a latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap was performed successfully. Although thoracoplasty is now rarely indicated, it is still the treatment of choice for the complete obliteration of thoracic spaces.
August 2018: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Debesh Bhoi, Velmurugan Selvam, Preeti Yadav, Praveen Talawar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Dimitris Karagiannakis, Spyros Athanasopoulos, Dimitris Mandalidis
BACKGROUND/AIM: Resting scapular asymmetry with a more protracted and depressed position of the scapula in the dominant throwing side relative to the scapula of the contralateral side is commonly detected in overhead athletes with both healthy and disabled shoulders. It has been proposed that possible alterations in the EMG activity of periscapular muscles due to asymmetric position of the scapula may alter its kinematics leading to shoulder pathology. The aim of the current study was to identify possible alterations in the activation of periscapular muscles of healthy female volleyball players with scapular asymmetry in the resting position...
July 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Remi Schweizer, Pascal Rosamel, William Fornier, Nicolas Rousseau-Saine, Jean Luc Fellahi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Abhijit Biswas, Valera Castanov, Zhi Li, Anahi Perlas, Richelle Kruisselbrink, Anne Agur, Vincent Chan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although serratus plane block reportedly provides satisfactory analgesia for breast and thoracic surgeries, the optimal technique for consistent success has not been studied. The goal of this anatomical study was to evaluate the impact of volume, level, and site of injection on the extent of injectate spread that can influence anesthetic coverage. METHODS: Ultrasound-guided dye injection and subsequent dissection were performed in 39 cadaveric hemithoraces...
July 30, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
František Moravec, Jean-Lou Justine
The nematode genus Bulbocephalus Rasheed, 1966 (Nematoda, Physalopteridae) was found to be a homonym of Bulbocephalus Watson, 1916 (Apicomplexa) and, therefore, a new name, Rasheedia n. nom., is proposed to substitute it. Based on light and scanning electron microscope studies of specimens collected from the digestive tract of perciform fishes off New Caledonia, two new species of Rasheedia are described: R. heptacanthi n. sp. from the Cinnabar goatfish Parupeneus heptacanthus (Mullidae) (type host) and Dentex fourmanoiri (Sparidae), and R...
2018: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
Ryan A Bartholomew, Joseph Zenga, Derrick T Lin, Daniel G Deschler, Jeremy D Richmon
Combination anterior palatectomy and rhinectomy defects result in complete loss of midface and nasal support and present a significant reconstructive challenge. A novel use of the scapular tip free flap-the tip-on-tip scapula flap-was developed to provide both palatal repair and restoration of intrinsic nasal support. The scapular tip bone is split into a large proximal segment for the anterior palate and a smaller distal bone segment for nasal framework reconstruction. Two patients undergoing reconstruction of both total palatectomy and partial rhinectomy defects at a single academic tertiary care center were reviewed...
August 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Jun-Seok Kim, Moon-Hwan Kim, Duk-Hyun Ahn, Jae-Seop Oh
CONTEXT: A winged scapula (WS) is associated with faulty posture caused by weakness of the serratus anterior (SA), which mainly acts as a scapular stabilizer muscle. It is important to accurately assess and train the SA muscle with a focus on scapula stabilizers during musculoskeletal rehabilitation of individuals with a WS. OBJECTIVE: We examined muscle activity in the SA and pectoralis major (PM), upper trapezius (UT) and anterior deltoid (AD)as well as shoulder protraction strength during isometric shoulder protraction, in individuals with and without a WS...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Vanessa Moll, Carla Maffeo, Matthew Mitchell, Ceressa T Ward, Robert F Groff, Simon C Lee, Michael E Halkos, Craig S Jabaley, Vikas N O'Reilly-Shah
OBJECTIVE: The optimal regional technique for minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) has yet to be determined. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of ultrasound-guided serratus anterior plane block (SAPB) with paravertebral block (PVB) and no block for controlling acute thoracotomy pain after robotic-assisted coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). DESIGN: This is a retrospective study. Multiple variable regression analyses were performed...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Régis Fuzier, Cyrielle Despres
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Venkatesan Thiruvenkatarajan, Hillen Cruz Eng, Sanjib Das Adhikary
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an update on new strategies for pain management after rib fractures utilizing regional analgesia. RECENT FINDINGS: Pain management for patients with rib fractures can be very challenging. Traditionally, intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IVPCA) with opioids, epidural, and paravertebral blocks have been used. These techniques, however, may be contraindicated or have limited application in certain patient populations. Recently, ultrasound-guided myofascial plane blocks such as the erector spinae plane (ESP) block and the serratus anterior plane (SAP) block have emerged as alternatives; providing excellent analgesia with minimal side effects...
July 16, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Matthew T Houdek, Eric R Wagner, Chad D Watts, Stephen A Sems, Steven L Moran
Gustilo IIIB injuries of the tibia with segmental bone loss continue to be a difficult reconstructive problem. The serratus anterior-latissimus-rib (SALR) composite flap consists of bone and muscle; this flap can provide soft tissue coverage and vascularized bone in a single surgical procedure. The purpose of this study is to describe the use of the SALR flap for the treatment of a large open tibia fracture with segmental bone loss, with a specific focus on postoperative complications, limb salvage, and time to union...
June 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Camila Lima, Yimeng Li, Jonathan L Low, Nehara Herat, David G Behm
Lima, C, Li, Y, Low, JL, Herat, N, and Behm, DG. Superior training-specific adaptations with an 8-week yoak push-up training program. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-There are few progressive metastability training programs in the literature. The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in strength, endurance, muscle activation, and neuromuscular efficiency after an 8-week progressive, push-up training program under stable and unstable conditions. Nineteen male and female recreationally trained participants performed twice per week, an 8-week push-up training program, using either a relatively unstable suspension system (Yoak) or under stable conditions...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
S K Deshmukh, S A Verekar, Y G Chavan
Forty soil samples were collected from seven sites in the vicinity of Sambhar lake Rajasthan, India and screened for the presence of keratinophilic fungi using hair baiting techniques for isolation. Seventeen isolates were recovered and identified. The cultures were identified by recognition of their macro- and micro- morphological features. Their identification was confirmed by BLAST using ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 rDNA region and sequences have been deposited in NCBI data base. A total of 34 species belonging to 29 genera were isolated...
June 30, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
Pierfrancesco Fusco, Marco Vespasiano, Stefano Di Carlo, Paolo Scimia, Emiliano Petrucci, Franco Marinangeli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
Kritika Sethi, Majumi M Noohu
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of lower trapezius (LT), middle trapezius (MT) and serratus anterior (SA) strengthening on pain, pain free grip strength, functional outcome, scapular muscles strength, scapular position and electromyographic (EMG) activity of lower trapezius, serratus anterior, extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB) and extensor digitorum communis (EDC) in individuals with chronic lateral epicondylalgia (LE). METHODS: Twenty six patients with chronic lateral epicondylalgia were recruited...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Esther Casas, Arturo Justes, Carlos Calvo
CONTEXT: Exercises in motor development positions are employed in order to activate correct muscular patterns but the effects on the activity of antagonist muscle pairs remain unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of using exercises in motor development positions on the activity of antagonist muscle pairs. Another aim was to analyze if introducing some facilitators modifies the muscle activity in the different studied positions. DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study using a single-group repeated measures design...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Jeong-Il Kang, Hyun-Ho Choi, Dae-Keun Jeong, Hyun Choi, Young-Jun Moon, Joon-Su Park
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of scapula movement on neck alignment and the muscles in patients with forward head posture, who has the structural changes around the neck caused from the forward head posture, when scapular stabilization exercise is applied. [Subjects and Methods] A sample of 30 patients with forward head posture were recruited and participated in an intervention for 30 minutes a day, three times per week for 4 weeks. Fifteen patients were assigned to the scapular stabilization exercise group and the remaining 15 were assigned to the neck stabilization exercise group...
June 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Fu-Hui Dong
The miminally-invasive techniques of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) uses different types of acupuncture needles to treat diseased locations with special techniques. These techniques include different methods of insertion and closed incision (press cutting, sliding cutting, scrape cutting, etc.). This needling technique is based on the traditional Chinese medicine theories of Pi Bu (cutaneous), Jing Jin (sinew), Jing Luo (meridian), Wu Ti (five body structure components) and Zang Fu (organ system). Commonly used needles include: needle Dao , needle with edge, Pi needle, Shui needle, Ren needle, Gou needle, Chang Yuan needle, Bo needle and so on...
June 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
James W Youdas, Justin W Hubble, Peter G Johnson, Megan M McCarthy, Michelle M Saenz, John H Hollman
Persons with subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) have an imbalance in scapular muscle recruitment. To avoid humeral head compression against the coracoacromial arch during the early stages of rehabilitation, physical therapists recommend movements targeting scapular retraction, shoulder depression, and arm extension such as the inverted row (IR) exercise. The purposes of this study were to describe: (1) scapular balance ratios during an IR and (2) the magnitudes of recruitment of spinal stabilizer muscles...
June 26, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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