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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30452460/evaluating-gentrification-s-relation-to-neighborhood-and-city-health
#1
Joseph Gibbons, Michael Barton, Elizabeth Brault
Gentrification has been argued to contribute to urban inequalities, including those of health disparities. Extant research has yet to conduct a systematic study of gentrification's relation with neighborhood health outcomes nationally. This gap is addressed in the current study through the utilization of census-tract data from the Center for Disease Control's 500 Cities project, the 2000 Census and the 2010-2014 American Community Survey to examine how gentrification relates to local self-rated physical health in select cities across the United States...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321998/brownfields-to-greenfields-environmental-justice-versus-environmental-gentrification
#2
Juliana A Maantay, Andrew R Maroko
Gentrification is a growing concern in many urban areas, due to the potential for displacement of lower-income and other vulnerable populations. This process can be accelerated when neighborhood "greening" projects are undertaken via governmental or private investor efforts, resulting in a phenomenon termed environmental or "green" gentrification. Vacant land in lower-income areas is often improved by the existing community through the creation of community gardens, but this contributes to these greening efforts and paradoxically may spur gentrification and subsequent displacement of the gardens' stewards and neighbors...
October 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30235075/the-evolution-will-not-be-broadcast-or-published-social-capital-assimilation-and-the-changing-queer-community
#3
Bruce E Drushel
Widespread technological advances, coupled with social and political success by the LGBTQ rights movement in the decades following the Stonewall uprising in 1969, have resulted in a dramatic evolution in the queer community. But increases in visibility, acceptance, and assimilation of queers into mainstream culture and cultural institutions have been accompanied by mainstream gentrification of formerly queer neighborhoods, more specialized social alternatives to bars and bookstores, and diminished interest in and audiences for niche-appeal media...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30125754/a-tale-of-two-harlems-gentrification-social-capital-and-implications-for-aging-in-place
#4
H Shellae Versey
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Increasingly, older adults desire to remain in their communities for as long as possible, referred to as "aging in place". While much of the aging in place literature focuses on housing specifically, there is a growing sense that social capital and community connectedness are important to the aging in place experience. The current study explores social capital in a gentrifying community to better understand the effects of rapid neighborhood change on older, African American adults...
July 17, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961887/things-are-changing-so-fast-integrative-technology-for-preserving-cognitive-health-and-community-history
#5
Raina L Croff, Phelps Witter Iv, Miya L Walker, Edline Francois, Charlie Quinn, Thomas C Riley, Nicole F Sharma, Jeffrey A Kaye
Background and Objectives: Multimodal interventions are increasingly targeting multiple cognitive decline risk factors. However, technology remains mostly adjunctive, largely prioritizes age relevancy over cultural relevancy, and often targets individual health without lasting, community-wide deliverables. Meanwhile, African Americans remain overburdened by cognitive risk factors yet underrepresented in cognitive health and technology studies. The Sharing History through Active Reminiscence and Photo-imagery (SHARP) program increases physical, social, and cognitive activity within a culturally meaningful context that produces community deliverables-an oral history archive and cognitive health education...
June 29, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29957396/health-in-changing-neighborhoods-a-study-of-the-relationship-between-gentrification-and-self-rated-health-in-the-state-of-california
#6
Jacob M Izenberg, Mahasin S Mujahid, Irene H Yen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709759/gentrification-and-binge-drinking-in-california-neighborhoods-it-matters-how-long-you-ve-lived-there
#7
Jacob M Izenberg, Mahasin S Mujahid, Irene H Yen
BACKGROUND: Neighborhood context plays a role in binge drinking, a behavior with major health and economic costs. Gentrification, the influx of capital and residents of higher socioeconomic status into historically-disinvested neighborhoods, is a growing trend with the potential to place urban communities under social and financial pressure. Hypothesizing that these pressures and other community changes resulting from gentrification could be tied to excessive alcohol consumption, we examined the relationship between gentrification and binge drinking in California neighborhoods...
July 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657709/comparative-ruralism-and-opening-new-windows-on-gentrification
#8
Martin Phillips, Darren P Smith
In response to the five commentaries on our paper 'Comparative approaches to gentrification: lessons from the rural', we open up more 'windows' on rural gentrification and its urban counterpart. First, we highlight the issues of metrocentricity and urbanormativity within gentrification studies, highlighting their employment by our commentators. Second, we consider the issue of displacement and its operation within rural space, as well as gentrification as a coping strategy for neoliberal existence and connections to more-than-human natures...
March 2018: Dialogues in Human Geography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657708/comparative-approaches-to-gentrification-lessons-from-the-rural
#9
Martin Phillips, Darren P Smith
The epistemologies and politics of comparative research are prominently debated within urban studies, with 'comparative urbanism' emerging as a contemporary lexicon of urban studies. The study of urban gentrification has, after some delay, come to engage with these debates, which can be seen to pose a major challenge to the very concept of gentrification. To date, similar debates or developments have not unfolded within the study of rural gentrification. This article seeks to address some of the challenges posed to gentrification studies through an examination of strategies of comparison and how they might be employed within a comparative study of rural gentrification...
March 2018: Dialogues in Human Geography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596380/reconsidering-the-relationship-between-air-pollution-and-deprivation
#10
Nick Bailey, Guanpeng Dong, Jon Minton, Gwilym Pryce
This paper critically examines the relationship between air pollution and deprivation. We argue that focusing on a particular economic or social model of urban development might lead one to erroneously expect all cities to converge towards a particular universal norm. A naive market sorting model, for example, would predict that poor households will eventually be sorted into high pollution areas, leading to a positive relationship between air pollution and deprivation. If, however, one considers a wider set of theoretical perspectives, the anticipated relationship between air pollution and deprivation becomes more complex and idiosyncratic...
March 29, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379380/the-impact-of-construction-and-gentrification-on-an-outdoor-trans-sex-work-environment-violence-displacement-and-policing
#11
Tara Lyons, Andrea Krüsi, Leslie Pierre, Will Small, Kate Shannon
The objective of this study was to investigate how environmental and structural changes to a trans outdoor work environment impacted sex workers in Vancouver, Canada. The issue of changes to the work area arose during qualitative interviews with 33 trans sex workers. In response, ethnographic walks that incorporated photography were undertaken with trans sex workers. Changes to the work environment were found to increase vulnerabilities to client violence, displace trans sex workers, and affect policing practices...
December 2017: Sexualities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278248/when-the-spell-is-broken-gentrification-urban-tourism-and-privileged-discontent-in-the-amsterdam-canal-district
#12
Fenne M Pinkster, Willem R Boterman
Expansion of urban tourism in historic districts in European cities is putting increasing pressure on these areas as places to live. In Amsterdam, an ever-growing number of tourists visit the famous canal district, which also forms the home of a group of long-term, upper-middle-class residents. While such residents are generally depicted as instigators of urban transformation, in this case, they are on the receiving end. Bringing together the literature on the socio-spatial impact of tourism, belonging and the lived experience of place, this article explores the changing relationship between these established residents and their neighbourhood and provides insight into their growing sense of discontent and even powerlessness in the face of neighbourhood change...
July 2017: Cultural geographies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149276/urban-renewal-gentrification-and-health-equity-a-realist-perspective
#13
Roshanak Mehdipanah, Giulia Marra, Giulia Melis, Elena Gelormino
Background: Up to now, research has focused on the effects of urban renewal programs and their impacts on health. While some of this research points to potential negative health effects due to gentrification, evidence that addresses the complexity associated with this relation is much needed. This paper seeks to better understand when, why and how health inequities arise from urban renewal interventions resulting in gentrification. Methods: A realist review, a qualitative systematic review method, aimed to better explain the relation between context, mechanism and outcomes, was used...
April 1, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044783/cryptomarkets-systemic-violence-and-the-gentrification-hypothesis
#14
James Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958016/aging-in-place-in-gentrifying-neighborhoods-implications-for-physical-and-mental-health
#15
Richard J Smith, Amanda J Lehning, Kyeongmo Kim
Background and Objectives: In the United States, the older adult population and the proportion of neighborhoods experiencing gentrification are both growing. However, there is limited scholarship on the effects of gentrification on older adults, with most work focusing on those who leave rather than stay. This study examines the effects of remaining in a gentrifying neighborhood on older adults' self-rated health and mental health, with particular attention to outcomes for those who are economically vulnerable...
January 18, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822977/are-green-cities-healthy-and-equitable-unpacking-the-relationship-between-health-green-space-and-gentrification
#16
Helen V S Cole, Melisa Garcia Lamarca, James J T Connolly, Isabelle Anguelovski
While access and exposure to green spaces has been shown to be beneficial for the health of urban residents, interventions focused on augmenting such access may also catalyse gentrification processes, also known as green gentrification. Drawing from the fields of public health, urban planning and environmental justice, we argue that public health and epidemiology researchers should rely on a more dynamic model of community that accounts for the potential unintended social consequences of upstream health interventions...
November 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709431/is-gentrification-all-bad-positive-association-between-gentrification-and-individual-s-perceived-neighborhood-collective-efficacy-in-montreal-canada
#17
Madeleine Steinmetz-Wood, Rania Wasfi, George Parker, Lisa Bornstein, Jean Caron, Yan Kestens
BACKGROUND: Collective efficacy has been associated with many health benefits at the neighborhood level. Therefore, understanding why some communities have greater collective efficacy than others is important from a public health perspective. This study examined the relationship between gentrification and collective efficacy, in Montreal Canada. METHODS: A gentrification index was created using tract level median household income, proportion of the population with a bachelor's degree, average rent, proportion of the population with low income, and proportion of the population aged 30-44...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637724/cross-sectional-association-between-zip-code-level-gentrification-and-homelessness-among-a-large-community-based-sample-of-people-who-inject-drugs-in-19-us-cities
#18
Sabriya L Linton, Hannah Lf Cooper, Mary E Kelley, Conny C Karnes, Zev Ross, Mary E Wolfe, Samuel R Friedman, Don Des Jarlais, Salaam Semaan, Barbara Tempalski, Catlainn Sionean, Elizabeth DiNenno, Cyprian Wejnert, Gabriela Paz-Bailey
BACKGROUND: Housing instability has been associated with poor health outcomes among people who inject drugs (PWID). This study investigates the associations of local-level housing and economic conditions with homelessness among a large sample of PWID, which is an underexplored topic to date. METHODS: PWID in this cross-sectional study were recruited from 19 large cities in the USA as part of National HIV Behavioral Surveillance. PWID provided self-reported information on demographics, behaviours and life events...
June 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587623/intersection-of-neighborhood-dynamics-and-socioeconomic-status-in-small-area-walkability-the-heart-healthy-hoods-project
#19
Pedro Gullón, Usama Bilal, Alba Cebrecos, Hannah M Badland, Iñaki Galán, Manuel Franco
BACKGROUND: Previous studies found a complex relationship between area-level socioeconomic status (SES) and walkability. These studies did not include neighborhood dynamics. Our aim was to study the association between area-level SES and walkability in the city of Madrid (Spain) evaluating the potential effect modification of neighborhood dynamics. METHODS: All census sections of the city of Madrid (n = 2415) were included. Area-level SES was measured using a composite index of 7 indicators in 4 domains (education, wealth, occupation and living conditions)...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579662/gentrification-and-residential-mobility-in-philadelphia
#20
Lei Ding, Jackelyn Hwang, Eileen Divringi
Gentrification has provoked considerable controversy surrounding its effects on residential displacement. Using a unique individual-level, longitudinal data set, this study examines mobility rates and residential destinations of residents in gentrifying neighborhoods during the recent housing boom and bust in Philadelphia for various strata of residents and different types of gentrification. We find that vulnerable residents, those with low credit scores and without mortgages, are generally no more likely to move from gentrifying neighborhoods compared with their counterparts in nongentrifying neighborhoods...
November 2016: Regional Science and Urban Economics
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