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Paediatric nephrology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339709/clinicopathologic-correlations-of-renal-pathology-in-adult-population-of-poland
#1
Agnieszka Perkowska-Ptasinska, Artur Bartczak, Malgorzata Wagrowska-Danilewicz, Agnieszka Halon, Krzysztof Okon, Aldona Wozniak, Marian Danilewicz, Henryk Karkoszka, Andrzej Marszalek, Jolanta Kowalewska, Andrzej Mroz, Agnieszka Korolczuk, Andrzej Oko, Alicja Debska-Slizien, Beata Naumnik, Zbigniew Hruby, Marian Klinger, Kazimierz Ciechanowski, Marek Myslak, Wladyslaw Sulowicz, Andrzej Rydzewski, Andrzej Wiecek, Jacek Manitius, Tadeusz Gregorczyk, Stanislaw Niemczyk, Michal Nowicki, Ryszard Gellert, Tomasz Stompor, Monika Wieliczko, Krzysztof Marczewski, Leszek Paczek, Olga Rostkowska, Dominika Deborska-Materkowska, Grazyna Bogdanowicz, Andrzej Milkowski, Magdalena Durlik
Background: This is the first report on the epidemiology of biopsy-proven kidney diseases in Poland. Methods: The Polish Registry of Renal Biopsies has collected information on all (n = 9394) native renal biopsies performed in Poland from 2009 to 2014. Patients' clinical data collected at the time of biopsy, and histopathological diagnoses were used for epidemiological and clinicopathologic analysis. Results: There was a gradual increase in the number of native renal biopsies performed per million people (PMP) per year in Poland in 2009-14, starting from 36 PMP in 2009 to 44 PMP in 2014...
February 11, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336050/mortality-risk-disparities-in-children-receiving-chronic-renal-replacement-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-end-stage-renal-disease-across-europe-an-espn-era-edta-registry-analysis
#2
Nicholas C Chesnaye, Franz Schaefer, Marjolein Bonthuis, Rebecca Holman, Sergey Baiko, Esra Baskın, Anna Bjerre, Sylvie Cloarec, Elisabeth A M Cornelissen, Laura Espinosa, James Heaf, Rosário Stone, Diamant Shtiza, Ilona Zagozdzon, Jérôme Harambat, Kitty J Jager, Jaap W Groothoff, Karlijn J van Stralen
BACKGROUND: We explored the variation in country mortality rates in the paediatric population receiving renal replacement therapy across Europe, and estimated how much of this variation could be explained by patient-level and country-level factors. METHODS: In this registry analysis, we extracted patient data from the European Society for Paediatric Nephrology/European Renal Association-European Dialysis and Transplant Association (ESPN/ERA-EDTA) Registry for 32 European countries...
March 20, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208985/pattern-of-inpatient-dermatology-consultations-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-from-northern-india
#3
Abhilasha Williams, Anuradha Bhatia, Bimal Kanish, Paulina Rose Chaudhary, Clarence James Samuel
INTRODUCTION: The importance of dermatology inpatient consultation is of significant importance yet is not well documented. AIM: To retrospectively analyse the spectrum of dermatology inpatient consultations from the various departments and to document the most commonly occurring dermatological disorders from each speciality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was done in an 800 bedded premier teaching hospital in Ludhiana, Punjab, North Western India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158862/racial-variation-in-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-among-european-children-on-renal-replacement-therapy-results-from-the-european-society-of-paediatric-nephrology-european-renal-association-european-dialysis-and-transplant-association-registry
#4
Lidwien A Tjaden, Kitty J Jager, Marjolein Bonthuis, Claudia E Kuehni, Marc R Lilien, Tomas Seeman, Constantinos J Stefanidis, Yincent Tse, Jérôme Harambat, Jaap W Groothoff, Marlies Noordzij
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130859/nephrologists-need-to-play-a-key-role-in-improving-annual-influenza-vaccination-rates-in-children-with-kidney-disease
#5
Oded Scheuerman, Eyal Zilber, Miriam Davidovits, Gabriel Chodick, Itzhak Levy
AIM: This study investigated the under-researched area of annual influenza vaccination rates in children with chronic kidney disease and identified reasons for nonimmunisation. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in the nephrology clinic and dialysis unit of a tertiary paediatric medical centre from August to October 2011 and September to October 2012. Parents were asked to complete a questionnaire on their child's immunisation against influenza...
January 27, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112049/kidney-disease-in-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-positive-children-experience-from-a-centre-in-south-west-nigeria-and-a-review-of-the-nigerian-literature
#6
Adanze O Asinobi, Adebowale D Ademola, Clement A Okolo, Adedayo A Adepoju, Susan M Samuel, Wendy E Hoy
BACKGROUND: Kidney disease is an important extra-hepatic manifestation of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. However, there is paucity of recent literature on kidney disease in children and adolescents with HBV infection from several parts of sub-Saharan Africa including Nigeria. OBJECTIVE: To review the pattern of kidney disease in hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive children and adolescents seen at a tertiary hospital in south-west Nigeria. METHODS: A retrospective study was undertaken of HBsAg-seropositive children with kidney disease managed at University College Hospital, Ibadan, from January 2004 to December 2015...
January 23, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058746/multidimensional-impact-on-families-of-children-with-steroid-sensitive-nephrotic-syndrome
#7
Gurdeep S Dhooria, Harmeet P Singh, Deepak Bhat, Harmesh S Bains, Ravinder K Soni, Mohit Kumar
AIM: Children with nephrotic syndrome (NS) have prolonged disease course with relapses requiring frequent visits and prolonged steroid therapy with their long-term concerns. All these factors affect the child and their families in many domains of functioning. The objective of this study was to assess multidimensional impact on families of children with nephrotic syndrome using (PedsQL) Family Impact Module (FIM). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a paediatric nephrology clinic of a tertiary care hospital...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942956/building-on-evidence-to-improve-patient-care
#8
REVIEW
Evelien Snauwaert, Johan VandeWalle, Evi V Nagler, Wim Van Biesen
Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is gaining importance in the current paediatric healthcare landscape. Improvement of paediatric health status is its major aim. However, for EBM to be successful, all stakeholders involved should understand what EBM really is, why and how EBM should or should not be practiced, and have the necessary skills to distinguish methodologically sound papers from biased opinion papers, and understand how and why guidelines are different from systematic reviews. Improving patient outcome requires attention to high-quality evidence and understanding of the processes of medical decision-making...
December 9, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566421/progress-in-pediatrics-in-2015-choices-in-allergy-endocrinology-gastroenterology-genetics-haematology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-oncology-and-pulmonology
#9
EDITORIAL
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Virginia Mirra, Sergio Bernasconi
This review focuses key advances in different pediatric fields that were published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2015. Weaning studies continue to show promise for preventing food allergy. New diagnostic tools are available for identifying the allergic origin of allergic-like symptoms. Advances have been reported in obesity, short stature and autoimmune endocrine disorders. New molecules are offered to reduce weight gain and insulin-resistance in obese children. Regional investigations may provide suggestions for preventing short stature...
August 27, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540225/how-well-do-outpatient-prescriptions-adhere-to-good-antimicrobial-stewardship
#10
Hirminder Ubhi, Mitul Patel, Lisa Ludwig
AIM: Aims of the study included evaluation of outpatient antibiotic prescribing practices relating to good Antimicrobial Stewardship1 focusing on documentation of indication and duration. METHOD: Prescriptions dispensed at the Outpatient Pharmacy over a 6 week were evaluated. Data collected include patient's hospital identification in full, the antibiotic prescribed, duration of treatment, indication (in a specifically allocated area on the prescription) and route of administration, prescriber speciality and grade...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519274/standardised-outcomes-in-nephrology-children-and-adolescents-song-kids-a-protocol-for-establishing-a-core-outcome-set-for-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#11
Allison Tong, Susan Samuel, Michael Zappitelli, Allison Dart, Susan Furth, Allison Eddy, Jaap Groothoff, Nicholas J A Webb, Hui-Kim Yap, Detlef Bockenhauer, Aditi Sinha, Stephen I Alexander, Stuart L Goldstein, Debbie S Gipson, Camilla S Hanson, Nicole Evangelidis, Sally Crowe, Tess Harris, Brenda R Hemmelgarn, Braden Manns, John Gill, Peter Tugwell, Wim Van Biesen, David C Wheeler, Wolfgang C Winkelmayer, Jonathan C Craig
BACKGROUND: Children with chronic kidney disease (CKD), requiring dialysis or kidney transplantation, have a mortality rate of up to 30-fold higher than the general aged-matched population, and severely impaired quality of life. Symptoms such as fatigue and pain are prevalent and debilitating. Children with CKD are at risk of cognitive impairment, and poorer educational, vocational, and psychosocial outcomes compared with their well peers, which have consequences through to adulthood...
2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504551/comparison-of-efficacy-of-tacrolimus-versus-cyclosporine-in-childhood-steroid-resistant-nephrotic-syndrome
#12
Syed Sajid Hussain Shah, Farkhanda Hafeez
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of tacrolimus versus cyclosporine (Calcineurin Inhibitors) in the management of childhood steroid-resistant nephritic syndrome (SRNS). STUDY DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Paediatric Nephrology at The Children's Hospital and Institute of Child Health, Lahore, from August 2014 to September 2015. METHODOLOGY: Patients of either gender aged 1 - 12 years, with the diagnosis of mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis (MesangioPGN), focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) or minimal-change disease (MCD) were included...
July 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504374/spectrum-of-renal-and-urinary-tract-diseases-in-kashmiri-children
#13
Mohd Ashraf, Virender Kumar, Rifat Ara Bano, Khursheed Ahmed Wani, Javed Ahmed, Kaisar Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: Definite paucity of data pertaining to spectrum of renal and urinary tract diseases in our state and in various parts of India forms the basis of this study. Available data has emphasized more on specific clinical syndromes and chronic renal diseases rather than over all spectrums of renal and urinary tract diseases, that too in adult population. AIM: The present study a retrospective analysis, forms one of the basic data of paediatric nephrology and urology related disorders in our state...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313274/chronic-peritoneal-dialysis-in-chinese-infants-and-children-younger-than-two-years
#14
Y H Chan, A Lt Ma, P C Tong, W M Lai, N Kc Tse
OBJECTIVE: To review the outcome for Chinese infants and young children on chronic peritoneal dialysis. METHODS: The Paediatric Nephrology Centre of Princess Margaret Hospital is the designated site offering chronic dialysis to children in Hong Kong. Medical records of children who started chronic peritoneal dialysis before the age of 2 years, from 1 July 1995 to 31 December 2013, were retrieved and retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Nine Chinese patients (male-to-female ratio, 3:6) were identified...
August 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190380/lung-ultrasound-a-novel-technique-for-detecting-fluid-overload-in-children-on-dialysis
#15
Marco Allinovi, Moin Saleem, Paola Romagnani, Peiman Nazerian, Wesley Hayes
BACKGROUND: Optimizing the target weight of infants and children on dialysis remains an important clinical challenge. The use of ultrasound to detect fluid overload in adult patients on dialysis is receiving growing attention. We hypothesized that fluid overload can be quantified in infants and children receiving dialysis using lung ultrasound. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, infants and children receiving dialysis for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or acute kidney injury (AKI) in a regional paediatric nephrology centre were eligible...
April 6, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27103650/assessment-of-the-absorbed-dose-in-the-kidney-of-nuclear-nephrology-paediatric-patients-using-icrp-biokinetic-data-and-monte-carlo-simulations-with-mass-scaled-paediatric-voxel-phantoms
#16
P Teles, M Mendes, M Zankl, V de Sousa, A I Santos, P Vaz
The aim of this work is to use Monte Carlo simulations and VOXEL phantoms to estimate the absorbed dose in paediatric patients (aged from 2 weeks to 16 y), with normal renal function, to whom technetium-99m-dimercaptosuccinic acid ((99m)Tc-DMSA) was administered, for diagnostic renal scintigraphy purposes; and compare them with values obtained using the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) methodology. In the ICRP methodology, the cumulated absorbed dose in the kidneys is estimated by multiplying the administered activity with the corresponding given dose coefficients...
April 21, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086173/recognition-and-management-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-the-international-society-of-nephrology-0by25-global-snapshot-a-multinational-cross-sectional-study
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ravindra L Mehta, Emmanuel A Burdmann, Jorge Cerdá, John Feehally, Fredric Finkelstein, Guillermo García-García, Melanie Godin, Vivekanand Jha, Norbert H Lameire, Nathan W Levin, Andrew Lewington, Raúl Lombardi, Etienne Macedo, Michael Rocco, Eliah Aronoff-Spencer, Marcello Tonelli, Jing Zhang, Giuseppe Remuzzi
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological data for acute kidney injury are scarce, especially in low-income countries (LICs) and lower-middle-income countries (LMICs). We aimed to assess regional differences in acute kidney injury recognition, management, and outcomes. METHODS: In this multinational cross-sectional study, 322 physicians from 289 centres in 72 countries collected prospective data for paediatric and adult patients with confirmed acute kidney injury in hospital and non-hospital settings who met criteria for acute kidney injury...
May 14, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26981447/chronic-kidney-disease-in-children-and-adolescents-in-brunei-darussalam
#18
Shi Ying Tan, Lin Naing, Aye Han, Muhammad Abdul Mabood Khalil, Vui Heng Chong, Jackson Tan
AIM: To determine epidemiology of Bruneian paediatric chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and factors that affect growth and progression of disease. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted on all children below 18 years old who were diagnosed with CKD over a ten year period (2004 to 2013). The reference population was all children (< 18 years old) suffering from CKD and attending the tertiary paediatric nephrology clinic in Brunei Darussalam. Demographic (current age, age of diagnosis, gender, ethnicity), anthropometric (weight and height), diagnosis, laboratory data (serum creatinine and haemoglobin, urinalysis) and blood pressure were extracted from the patients' clinical case notes and recorded using a data collection form...
March 6, 2016: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26953592/association-between-low-birth-weight-and-childhood-onset-chronic-kidney-disease-in-japan-a-combined-analysis-of-a-nationwide-survey-for-paediatric-chronic-kidney-disease-and-the-national-vital-statistics-report
#19
Daishi Hirano, Kenji Ishikura, Osamu Uemura, Shuichi Ito, Naohiro Wada, Motoshi Hattori, Yasuo Ohashi, Yuko Hamasaki, Ryojiro Tanaka, Koichi Nakanishi, Tetsuji Kaneko, Masataka Honda
BACKGROUND: Although numerous epidemiological surveys performed across several continents and ethnic groups have linked low birth weight (LBW) to increased risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in adulthood, the effects of birth weight and prematurity on development of CKD in childhood have not been clearly established. METHODS: Data on sex, LBW incidence and gestational age were compared between paediatric CKD cases and a control group. Paediatric CKD cases were obtained from a nationwide survey conducted by the Pediatric CKD Study Group in Japan...
December 29, 2015: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26940338/screening-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hypertension-in-obese-children-an-international-policy-comparison
#20
Aleid J G Wirix, Jelle Verheul, Jaap W Groothoff, Jeroen Nauta, Mai J M Chinapaw, Joana E Kist-van Holthe
Hypertension in obese children may require a different diagnostic and treatment approach from that for children with secondary hypertension, yet there is neither consensus nor a clear guideline. The aim of this study was to assess how obese children with hypertension are currently diagnosed and treated by paediatric nephrologists, what obstacles exist and what can be improved. In the period May-November 2014, an online questionnaire was sent to all members of the European Society for Paediatric Nephrology (n = 2148)...
February 2017: Journal of Nephrology
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