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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667227/defining-clinically-important-perioperative-blood-loss-and-transfusion-for-the-standardised-endpoints-for-perioperative-medicine-step-collaborative-a-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#1
Justyna Bartoszko, Leon Vorobeichik, Mohandas Jayarajah, Keyvan Karkouti, Andrew A Klein, Andre Lamy, C David Mazer, Mike Murphy, Toby Richards, Marina Englesakis, Paul S Myles, Duminda N Wijeysundera
INTRODUCTION: 'Standardised Endpoints for Perioperative Medicine' (StEP) is an international collaboration undertaking development of consensus-based consistent definitions for endpoints in perioperative clinical trials. Inconsistency in endpoint definitions can make interpretation of trial results more difficult, especially if conflicting evidence is present. Furthermore, this inconsistency impedes evidence synthesis and meta-analyses. The goals of StEP are to harmonise definitions for clinically meaningful endpoints and specify standards for endpoint reporting in clinical trials...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577135/a-review-of-adjunctive-cns-medications-used-for-the-treatment-of-post-surgical-pain
#2
REVIEW
Ajit Rai, Howard Meng, Aliza Weinrib, Marina Englesakis, Dinesh Kumbhare, Liza Grosman-Rimon, Joel Katz, Hance Clarke
Inadequate post-operative pain management can have significant impacts on patients' quality of life. Effective management of acute pain after surgery is important for early mobilization and discharge from hospital, patient satisfaction, and overall well-being. Utilizing multimodal analgesic strategies has become the mainstay of acute post-operative pain management. A comprehensive search was performed, assessing the published or otherwise publically available literature on different central nervous system (CNS) drugs [excluding opioids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and acetaminophen] and their uses to treat acute post-surgical pain...
July 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537982/selective-cannabinoids-for-chronic-neuropathic-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Howard Meng, Bradley Johnston, Marina Englesakis, Dwight E Moulin, Anuj Bhatia
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of consensus on the role of selective cannabinoids for the treatment of neuropathic pain (NP). Guidelines from national and international pain societies have provided contradictory recommendations. The primary objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis (SR-MA) was to determine the analgesic efficacy and safety of selective cannabinoids compared to conventional management or placebo for chronic NP. METHODS: We reviewed randomized controlled trials that compared selective cannabinoids (dronabinol, nabilone, nabiximols) with conventional treatments (eg, pharmacotherapy, physical therapy, or a combination of these) or placebo in patients with chronic NP because patients with NP may be on any of these therapies or none if all standard treatments have failed to provide analgesia and or if these treatments have been associated with adverse effects...
May 19, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385893/the-surprise-question-for-predicting-death-in-seriously-ill-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
James Downar, Russell Goldman, Ruxandra Pinto, Marina Englesakis, Neill K J Adhikari
BACKGROUND: The surprise question - "Would I be surprised if this patient died in the next 12 months?" - has been used to identify patients at high risk of death who might benefit from palliative care services. Our objective was to systematically review the performance characteristics of the surprise question in predicting death. METHODS: We searched multiple electronic databases from inception to 2016 to identify studies that prospectively screened patients with the surprise question and reported on death at 6 to 18 months...
April 3, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743715/trends-in-port-site-metastasis-after-laparoscopic-resection-of-incidental-gallbladder-cancer-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
David Berger-Richardson, Tyler R Chesney, Marina Englesakis, Anand Govindarajan, Sean P Cleary, Carol J Swallow
BACKGROUND: The risk of port-site metastasis after laparoscopic removal of incidental gallbladder cancer was previously estimated to be 14-30%. The present study was designed to determine the incidence of port-site metastasis in incidental gallbladder cancer in the modern era (2000-2014) versus the historic era (1991-1999). We also investigated the site of port-site metastasis. METHODS: Using PRISMA, a systematic review was conducted to identify papers that addressed the development of port-site metastasis after laparoscopic resection of incidental gallbladder cancer...
March 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442772/society-of-anesthesia-and-sleep-medicine-guidelines-on-preoperative-screening-and-assessment-of-adult-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#6
REVIEW
Frances Chung, Stavros G Memtsoudis, Satya Krishna Ramachandran, Mahesh Nagappa, Mathias Opperer, Crispiana Cozowicz, Sara Patrawala, David Lam, Anjana Kumar, Girish P Joshi, John Fleetham, Najib Ayas, Nancy Collop, Anthony G Doufas, Matthias Eikermann, Marina Englesakis, Bhargavi Gali, Peter Gay, Adrian V Hernandez, Roop Kaw, Eric J Kezirian, Atul Malhotra, Babak Mokhlesi, Sairam Parthasarathy, Tracey Stierer, Frank Wappler, David R Hillman, Dennis Auckley
The purpose of the Society of Anesthesia and Sleep Medicine guideline on preoperative screening and assessment of adult patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is to present recommendations based on the available clinical evidence on the topic where possible. As very few well-performed randomized studies in this field of perioperative care are available, most of the recommendations were developed by experts in the field through consensus processes involving utilization of evidence grading to indicate the level of evidence upon which recommendations were based...
August 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27258078/society-of-anesthesia-and-sleep-medicine-guideline-on-preoperative-screening-and-assessment-of-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#7
Frances Chung, Stavros Memtsoudis, Satya Krishna Ramachandran, Mahesh Nagappa, Mathias Opperer, Crispiana Cozowicz, Sara Patrawala, David Lam, Anjana Kumar, Girish P Joshi, John Fleetham, Najib Ayas, Nancy Collop, Anthony Doufas, Matthias Eikermann, Marina Englesakis, Bhargavi Gali, Peter Gay, Adrian Hernandes, Roop Kaw, Eric Kezirian, Atul Malhotra, Babak Mokhlesi, Sairam Parthasarathy, Tracey Stierer, Frank Wappler, David R Hillman, Dennis Auckley
The purpose of the Society of Anesthesia and Sleep Medicine guideline on preoperative screening and assessment of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is to present recommendations based on the available clinical evidence on the topic where possible. As very few well-performed randomized studies in this field of perioperative care are available, most of the recommendations were developed by experts in the field through consensus processes involving utilization of evidence grading to indicate the level of evidence upon which recommendations were based...
June 1, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22415535/the-prevention-of-chronic-postsurgical-pain-using-gabapentin-and-pregabalin-a-combined-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Hance Clarke, Robert P Bonin, Beverley A Orser, Marina Englesakis, Duminda N Wijeysundera, Joel Katz
BACKGROUND: Many clinical trials have demonstrated the effectiveness of gabapentin and pregabalin administration in the perioperative period as an adjunct to reduce acute postoperative pain. However, very few clinical trials have examined the use of gabapentin and pregabalin for the prevention of chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP). We (1) systematically reviewed the published literature pertaining to the prevention of CPSP (≥ 2 months after surgery) after perioperative administration of gabapentin and pregabalin and (2) performed a meta-analysis using studies that report sufficient data...
August 2012: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21565446/can-pain-be-managed-through-the-internet-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
REVIEW
Jacqueline L Bender, Arun Radhakrishnan, Caroline Diorio, Marina Englesakis, Alejandro R Jadad
Given the increasing penetration and health care related use of the Internet, we examined the evidence on the impact of Internet-based interventions on pain. A search of Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Library was conducted for literature published from 1990 to 2010 describing randomized controlled trials that assessed the effects of Internet-based interventions on patients with pain of any kind. Of 6724 citations, 17 articles were included. The studies evaluated the effects of interventions that provided cognitive and behavioral therapy, moderated peer support programs, or clinical visit preparation or follow-up support on 2503 people in pain...
August 2011: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19717393/clinical-librarian-attendance-at-general-surgery-quality-of-care-rounds-morbidity-and-mortality-conference
#10
Elisa Greco, Marina Englesakis, Amy Faulkner, Boguslawa Trojan, Lorne E Rotstein, David R Urbach
Quality of Care rounds, also known as Mortality and Morbidity conferences, are an important and time-honored forum for quality audit in clinical surgery services. The authors created a modification to their hospital's Quality of Care rounds by incorporating a clinical librarian, who assisted residents in conducting literature reviews related to clinical topics discussed during the rounds. The objective of this article is to describe the authors' experience with this intervention. The clinical librarian program has greatly improved the Quality of Care rounds by aiding in literature searches and quality of up-to-date, evidence-based presentations...
September 2009: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15142921/health-related-virtual-communities-and-electronic-support-groups-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-online-peer-to-peer-interactions
#11
REVIEW
Gunther Eysenbach, John Powell, Marina Englesakis, Carlos Rizo, Anita Stern
OBJECTIVE: To compile and evaluate the evidence on the effects on health and social outcomes of computer based peer to peer communities and electronic self support groups, used by people to discuss health related issues remotely. DESIGN AND DATA SOURCES: Analysis of studies identified from Medline, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Evidence Based Medicine Reviews, Electronics and Communications Abstracts, Computer and Information Systems Abstracts, ERIC, LISA, ProQuest Digital Dissertations, Web of Science...
May 15, 2004: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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