keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Thoracic radiology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440836/saccular-pseudoaneurysm-of-the-left-common-carotid-artery-in-an-adolescent-management-with-a-covered-stent
#1
Laurent Van Camp, Werner Budts, Geert Maleux
An adolescent patient with a previous history of surgical repair for interrupted aortic arch type B presented with an asymptomatic, saccular pseudoaneurysm of the proximal, common left carotid artery, identified on a follow-up magnetic resonance angiography of the thoracic large vessels. The pseudoaneurysm was successfully excluded with a covered stent. Clinical and radiological follow-up after 2 years was uneventful.
January 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424677/prospective-assessment-of-the-safety-and-early-outcomes-of-sublaminar-band-placement-for-the-prevention-of-proximal-junctional-kyphosis
#2
Vibhu K Viswanathan, Sunil Kukreja, Amy J Minnema, H Francis Farhadi
OBJECTIVE Proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) can progress to proximal junctional failure (PJF), a widely recognized early and serious complication of multisegment spinal instrumentation for the treatment of adult spinal deformity (ASD). Sublaminar band placement has been suggested as a possible technique to prevent PJK and PJF but carries the theoretical possibility of a paradoxical increase in these complications as a result of the required muscle dissection and posterior ligamentous disruption. In this study, the authors prospectively assess the safety as well as the early clinical and radiological outcomes of sublaminar band insertion at the upper instrumented vertebra (UIV) plus 1 level (UIV+1)...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420619/a-national-survey-of-lung-cancer-specialists-views-on-low-dose-ct-screening-for-lung-cancer-in-korea
#3
Dong Wook Shin, Sohyun Chun, Young Il Kim, Seung Joon Kim, Jung Soo Kim, SeMin Chong, Young Sik Park, Sang-Yun Song, Jin Han Lee, Hee Kyung Ahn, Eun Young Kim, Sei Hoon Yang, Myoung Kyu Lee, Deog Gon Cho, Tae Won Jang, Ji Woong Son, Jeong-Seon Ryu, Moon-June Cho
Lung cancer specialists play an important role in designing and implementing lung cancer screening. We aimed to describe their 1) attitudes toward low-dose lung computed tomography (LDCT) screening, 2) current practices and experiences of LDCT screening and 3) attitudes and opinions towards national lung cancer screening program (NLCSP). We conducted a national web-based survey of pulmonologists, thoracic surgeons, medical oncologists, and radiological oncologists who are members of Korean Association for Lung Cancer (N = 183)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419634/are-there-age-and-sex-related-differences-in-spinal-sagittal-alignment-and-balance-among-taiwanese-asymptomatic-adults
#4
Kuang-Ting Yeh, Ru-Ping Lee, Ing-Ho Chen, Tzai-Chiu Yu, Cheng-Huan Peng, Kuan-Lin Liu, Jen-Hung Wang, Wen-Tien Wu
BACKGROUND: Sagittal spinopelvic balance and proper sagittal alignment are important when planning corrective or reconstructive spinal surgery. Prior research suggests that people from different races and countries have moderate divergence; to the best of our knowledge, the population of Taiwan has not been studied with respect to this parameter. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: To investigate normal age- and sex-related differences in whole-spine sagittal alignment and balance of asymptomatic adults without spinal disorders...
February 5, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417324/radiological-severity-of-hip-osteoarthritis-in-patients-with-adult-spinal-deformity-the-effect-on-spinopelvic-and-lower-extremity-compensatory-mechanisms
#5
Louis M Day, Edward M DelSole, Bryan M Beaubrun, Peter L Zhou, John Y Moon, Jared C Tishelman, Jonathan M Vigdorchik, Ran Schwarzkopf, Renaud Lafage, Virginie Lafage, Themistocles Protopsaltis, Aaron J Buckland
PURPOSE: Sagittal spinal deformity (SSD) patients utilize pelvic tilt (PT) and their lower extremities in order to compensate for malalignment. This study examines the effect of hip osteoarthritis (OA) on compensatory mechanisms in SSD patients. METHODS: Patients ≥ 18 years with SSD were included for analysis. Spinopelvic, lower extremity, and cervical alignment were assessed on standing full-body stereoradiographs. Hip OA severity was graded by Kellgren-Lawrence scale (0-4)...
February 7, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417266/comparison-of-patient-skin-dose-evaluated-using-radiochromic-film-and-dose-calculation-software
#6
Florian Magnier, Maxime Poulin, Claire Van Ngoc Ty, Estelle Osmond, Guillaume Bonniaud, Jeremy Coulot, Bruno Pereira, Louis Boyer, Joel Guersen, Lucie Cassagnes
PURPOSE: To compare, in an interventional radiology setting, peak skin doses (PSDs) delivered as calculated using a dedicated software tool and as measured using radiochromic film. To assess the utility of this dose calculation software tool in routine clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, radiochromic films were positioned on the examination table in the back of an adult anthropomorphic phantom to measure PSD, and X-ray examinations were simulated. Then, films were again positioned in the patient's back for 59 thoracic or abdominopelvic endovascular interventions...
February 7, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412065/a-simplified-treatment-algorithm-for-treating-thoracic-and-lumbar-spine-trauma
#7
Andrei F Joaquim, Alpesh A Patel, Gregory D Schroeder, Alexander R Vaccaro
Context Current treatment of TLST should consider injury morphology, neurological status, clinical status (pain and disability) and also multimodal radiological evaluation (MMRE) with CT, MRI and dynamic/ standing plain radiographs. Methods A narrative literature review was performed to propose a treatment algorithm to guide the management of thoracolumbar spinal trauma (TLST). In order to classify injuries and surgical indications, we utilized the two most recent classification systems (TLICS and new AO spine classification) and related recent literature...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404160/spontaneous-splenic-rupture-in-the-early-postoperative-period-to-after-lobectomy
#8
Ayşe Gül Ergönül, Tevfik İlker Akçam, Ali Özdil, Ufuk Çağırıcı
Spontaneous splenic rupture is a quite rare entity that may develop secondary to some special situations (lymphoma, post-abdominal surgey etc). In the literature, the case of a patient has been reported following thoracic surgery. In a patient who had undergone right upper lobectomy for pulmonary carcinoma, signs of acute abdomen and low levels in the hemogram were detected on the fifth postoperative day; therefore, the patient underwent further investigations. A radiological evaluation revealed splenic rupture, and the patient was operated on...
April 2017: Turkish Thoracic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397630/-radiological-analysis-of-coronal-and-sagittal-spinopelvic-parameters-in-patients-with-degenerative-lumbar-kyphoscoliosis
#9
C J Liu, Z Q Zhu, S Duan, K F Wang, W W Xia, S Xu, H Y Liu
Objective: To review and compare radiological parameters between degenerative lumbar kyphoscoliosis (DLKS) and degenerative lumbar kyphosis (DLK), and analyze the relationships between coronal and sagittal deformities and compensatory mechanisms of sagittal balance. Methods: A total of 82 patients with lumbar degenerative deformities were enrolled for our radiographic study at Department of Spinal Surgery, Peking University People's Hospital from January 2016 to May 2017. These patients were divided into two groups: DLKS group (39 patients) with lumbar coronal and sagittal deformities, and DLK group (43 patients) just with lumbar sagittal deformity...
February 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391034/vena-cava-anomalies-in-thoracic-surgery
#10
Andreina Pagini, Massimiliano Bassi, Daniele Diso, Michele Anzidei, Sara Mantovani, Camilla Poggi, Federico Venuta, Marco Anile
BACKGROUND: Vena cava anomalies are a rare group of anatomical variations due to an incorrect development of the superior or inferior vena cava during fetal life. They generally show no clinical relevance and the diagnosis is done due to the association with congenital heart diseases in most of cases. However, preoperative identification of these anomalies is mandatory for surgeons to proper surgical planning. If not recognized, lethal complications may occur, as already reported in literature...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379230/dilemma-of-diagnosing-thoracic-sarcoidosis-in-tuberculosis-endemic-regions-an-imaging-based-approach-part-1
#11
Ashu S Bhalla, A Das, P Naranje, A Goyal, R Guleria, Gopi C Khilnani
Sarcoidosis is a multi-systemic disorder of unknown etiology, although commonly believed to be immune-mediated. Histologically, it is characterized by noncaseating granuloma which contrasts against the caseating granuloma seen in tuberculosis (TB), an infectious disease that closely mimics sarcoidosis, both clinically as well as radiologically. In TB-endemic regions, the overlapping clinico-radiological manifestations create significant diagnostic dilemma, especially since the management options are markedly different in the two entities...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374723/low-dose-pressurized-intrathoracic-aerosol-chemotherapy-pitac-as-an-alternative-therapy-for-pleuropulmonary-involvement-in-pseudomyxoma-peritonei
#12
Manuela Robella, Marco Vaira, Alice Borsano, Claudio Mossetti, Michele DE Simone
BACKGROUND/AIM: Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is a rare disease characterized by mucinous ascites and widespread peritoneal implants. It usually originates from the rupture of an adenoma/adenocarcinoma of the appendix. Although this tumor is only superficially invasive and does not metastasize, it could be a fatal disease. Extra-abdominal spread of PMP is an unusual occurrence with few reports in medical literature. CASE REPORT: A 50-year-old man was diagnosed with PMP according to the findings of thorax and abdomen CT scan and cytologic and histological examinations...
February 2018: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372863/ossified-ligamentum-flavum-of-the-thoracic-spine-presenting-as-spontaneous-intracranial-hypotension-case-report
#13
Mazda K Turel, Mena G Kerolus, John E O'Toole
Ossification of the ligament flavum in the thoracic spine is an uncommon radiological finding in the Western population but can present with back pain, varying degrees of myelopathy, and even paraplegia on occasion. The authors here present the case of a 50-year-old woman with a history of progressive back pain and symptoms of spontaneous intracranial hypotension who was found to have an ossified ligamentum flavum of the thoracic spine resulting in a dural erosion cerebrospinal fluid leak. Surgery involved removal of the ossified ligament flavum at T10-11, facetectomy, ligation of the nerve root, and primary closure of the dura, which resulted in complete resolution of the patient's symptoms...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367042/sagittal-orientation-and-uniform-entry-for-thoracic-pedicle-screw-placement-with-free-hand-technique-a-retrospective-study-on-382-pedicle-screws
#14
H Bahadir Gokcen, Sinan Erdogan, Sidar Ozturk, Gurkan Gumussuyu, Irem Bayram, Cagatay Ozturk
BACKGROUND: One of the most important factors in obtaining a successful outcome in spinal surgery is appropriate placement of the pedicle screw. A number of different techniques are used to achieve successful pedicle screw placement. The free-hand technique has the advantage of no requirement for radiation exposure, but its success is highly dependent on surgeon experience. Here, we describe our entry point and perioperative sagittal orientation method, and evaluate postoperative sagittal alignment of pedicle screws with the free-hand pedicle screw placement technique...
January 20, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363317/in-situ-left-sided-bilateral-internal-thoracic-artery-elevated-hemidiaphragm
#15
Oren Lev-Ran, Dan Abrahamov, Nina Baram, Menachem Matsa, Yaron Ishai, Ohad Gabai, Yael Refaely, Mahmud Abu Salah, Gideon Sahar
Background Procurement of the internal thoracic artery risks ipsilateral phrenic nerve injury and elevated hemidiaphragm. Anatomical variations increase the risk on the right side. Patients receiving left-sided in-situ right internal thoracic artery configurations appear to be at greatest risk. Methods From 2014 to 2016, 432 patients undergoing left-sided in-situ bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting were grouped according to right internal thoracic artery configuration: retroaortic via transverse sinus (77%) or ante-aortic (23%); targets were the circumflex and left anterior descending artery territories, respectively...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355790/small-c7-t1-lordotic-angle-and-muscle-degeneration-at-c7-level-were-independent-radiological-characteristics-of-patients-with-cervical-imbalance-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#16
Koji Tamai, Joshua Romanu, Phillip Grisdela, Permsak Paholpak, Pengfei Zheng, Hiroaki Nakamura, Zorica Buser, Jeffrey C Wang
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Cervical sagittal vertical axis (cSVA) of ≥40mm is recognized as the key factor of poor health-related quality of life, poor surgical outcomes, and correction loss after surgery for cervical deformity. However, little is known about the radiological characteristics of patients with cSVA≥40mm. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the radiological characteristics of patients with cervical imbalance. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of weight-bearing cervical magnetic resonance (MR) images PATIENT SAMPLE: Consecutive 1,500 MR images of symptomatic patients in weight-bearing position OUTCOME MEASURES: cSVA, cervical alignment, cervical balance parameters (T1 slope, Co-C2 angle, C2-C7 angle, C7-T1 angle, neck tilt and thoracic inlet angle), disc degeneration (Pfirmann and Suzuki classification), endplate degeneration (Modic change), Spondylolisthesis (antero- and retrolisthesis), antero-posterior (AP) diameter of dural sac, cross-sectional area (CSA) and fat infiltration ratio of the transversospinalis muscles at C4 and C7 levels METHODS: Patients were divided into two groups: cervical sagittal vertical axis (cSVA) ≥40mm and <40mm...
January 17, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355032/a-thoracic-extradural-chordoid-meningioma-a-unique-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Isabel Tulloch, Husam Georges, Rahul Phadke, Carl Hardwidge
We describe the unique case of a patient being diagnosed with a thoracic extradural chordoid meningioma following her presentation with mild lower limb pyramidal weakness and a T8 sensory level. This is the first report of an extradural chordoid meningioma being identified in the thoracic spine. The tumour was successfully resected through a posterior thoracic laminectomy approach. Post-operatively, her neurological deficit resolved and to date she has not experienced a radiological recurrence. In this report, we review the literature and discuss this unusual tumour's characteristics and prognostic significance...
January 22, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353892/magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-spondylodiscitis
#18
Om Biju Panta, Yagya Raj Pathak, Dan Bahadur Karki
BACKGROUND: Magnetic Resonance Imaging is the imaging modality of choice for imaging spinal infection due to its high sensitivity and specificity. This study aims to study the magnetic resonance imaging changes in patients with spondylodiscitis. METHODS: The study was a retrospective study carried in a multimodality imaging centre in Kathmandu. Magnetic resonance imaging records and clinical record of 3 years duration were reviewed and patients with clinical and radiological diagnosis of spondylodiscitis were included in the study...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349369/potentially-stress-induced-acute-splanchnic-segmental-arterial%C3%A2-mediolysis-with-a-favorable-spontaneous-outcome
#19
Aude Belbezier, Françoise Sarrot-Reynauld, Frédéric Thony, Florence Tahon, Olivier Heck, Laurence Bouillet
A 62-year-old woman presented with hemithoracic anesthesia and acute abdominal pain following a violent psychological stress. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a thoracic hematoma with arachnoiditis of the spinal cord. Tomography revealed a typical aspect of segmental arterial mediolysis with multiple aneurysms and stenoses of the splanchnic arteries, confirmed by abdominal arteriography. There was no argument for hereditary, traumatic, atherosclerotic, infectious, or inflammatory arterial disease. Segmental arterial mediolysis was diagnosed on the basis of the radiologic data and probably involved both medullary and splanchnic arteries...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343723/pharmacological-targeting-of-bet-proteins-attenuates-radiation-induced-lung-fibrosis
#20
Jian Wang, Fangzheng Zhou, Zhenyu Li, Hong Mei, Ye Wang, Hong Ma, Liangliang Shi, Ai Huang, Tao Zhang, Zhenyu Lin, Gang Wu
Radiation-induced lung injury has restricted radiotherapy for thoracic cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the radioprotective effects of bromodomain and extra terminal (BET) inhibitor JQ1 in a murine model of pulmonary damage. Chest computed tomography (CT) was performed in a rat model after 20 Gy radiation of the right thorax. And histological evaluation and protein expressions of irradiated tissue were analyzed to confirm the potential anti-fibrosis effect of JQ1 and its underlying mechanisms...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
16472
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"