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Melanocyte integrin alpha6

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24517137/regulation-of-pigmentation-by-substrate-elasticity-in-normal-human-melanocytes-and-melanotic-mnt1-human-melanoma-cells
#1
Hyunjung Choi, Mina Kim, Song Ih Ahn, Eun-Gyung Cho, Tae Ryong Lee, Jennifer H Shin
The elasticity of the cellular microenvironment is a key regulator of cellular physiology in many cell types. To investigate the effects of substrate stiffness on the pigmentation process, we cultured normal human melanocytes (NHM) and MNT1 melanoma cells on laminin-coated polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrates of different stiffness. The dendricity of NHM and MNT1 cells was reduced as the substrate stiffness decreased, and the degree of melanosome transfer from NHM or MNT1 cells to normal human keratinocytes was decreased on softer substrates with the reduced dendricity...
March 2014: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21349841/keratinocyte-derived-laminin-332-promotes-adhesion-and-migration-in-melanocytes-and-melanoma
#2
Heesung Chung, Eun-Kyung Suh, Inn-Oc Han, Eok-Soo Oh
Melanocytes are highly motile cells that play an integral role in basic skin physiological processes such as wound healing and proper skin pigmentation. It has been postulated that surrounding keratinocytes contribute to melanocyte migration, but underlying mechanisms remain rather vague so far. In this study, we set out to analyze the specific potential contribution of keratinocyte components to melanocytes and melanoma cell migration-related processes. Our studies revealed that A375 human melanoma cell attachment, spreading, and migration are interestingly better supported by HaCaT keratinocyte extracellular matrix (ECM) than by self-derived A375 ECM...
April 15, 2011: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17869000/isolation-and-culture-of-different-epidermal-and-dermal-cell-types-from-human-scalp-suitable-for-the-development-of-a-therapeutical-cell-spray
#3
Juergen Schlabe, Christa Johnen, Ruth Schwartlander, Viola Moser, Bernd Hartmann, Jörg C Gerlach, Markus V Küntscher
BACKGROUND: Previous studies demonstrated, that cultured epithelial autografts (CEA) can be isolated and skin cell sprays can be produced for application on different types of wounds. The purpose of the present study was to determine which cell types can be isolated from the human scalp and whether these cells can be used for spray transplantation. METHODS: Outer root sheath cells (ORS), keratinocytes, melanocytes, dermal papilla cells (DP), and dermal sheath cells (DSC) were isolated from human scalp tissue...
May 2008: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15885076/selective-down-regulation-of-the-alpha6-integrin-subunit-in-melanocytes-by-uvb-light
#4
Sven Krengel, Imke Stark, Christian Geuchen, Bettina Knoppe, Gabriele Scheel, Peter Schlenke, Andreas Gebert, Lutz Wünsch, Jürgen Brinckmann, Michael Tronnier
In vivo, melanocytes bind to laminin (LM) molecules of the basement membrane (BM) via the integrins alpha3beta1 and alpha6beta1, and they adhere to neighbouring keratinocytes via E-cadherin. Only few studies have addressed the impact of ultraviolet (UV) light on the interaction of melanocytes with their microenvironment. In this report, we examined the influence of UVB irradiation on the expression of the most important melanocyte-adhesion molecules (E-, N-cadherin, alpha2-, alpha3-, alpha5-, alpha6-, alphaV-, beta1-, beta3-integrins and ICAM-1) in vitro by flow cytometry...
June 2005: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10678701/melanocytes-in-nevi-and-melanomas-synthesize-basement-membrane-and-basement-membrane-like-material-an-immunohistochemical-and-electron-microscopic-study-including-immunoelectron-microscopy
#5
G Schaumburg-Lever, I Lever, B Fehrenbacher, H Möller, B Bischof, E Kaiserling, C Garbe, G Rassner
Light microscopic studies have shown that nevus cell nests and melanoma nests are surrounded by basement membrane (BM) material containing type IV collagen and laminin. This study confirms this by electron microscopy and relates it to proteins which interact with the basement membrane. Nevi except for dysplastic and Spitz nevi, malignant melanomas, and melanoma metastases were studied by immunohistopathology, routine electron microscopy (EM), and immunoelectron microscopy. The lesions were incubated with monoclonal antibody (moAb) against type IV collagen, laminin, and the integrin alpha6 and studied by light microscopy...
February 2000: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9815287/detection-of-antigens-by-immunofluorescence-on-ultrathin-cryosections-of-skin
#6
COMPARATIVE STUDY
A Ishiko, H Shimizu, T Masunaga, Y Kurihara, T Nishikawa
Cryoultramicrotomy was originally established to provide ultrathin cryosections as substrates for on-section immunolabeling in immunoelectron microscopy. Recently, we recognized that ultrathin cryosections of skin (0.2 micrometer thick) could serve as substrates for immunofluorescence (IF) with excellent resolution. To assess the advantages and the limitations of IF on ultrathin cryosections, we compared the labeling of IF on 0.2-micrometer ultrathin cryosections of skin with those of routine IF on 6-micrometer cryostat sections, confocal laser scanning microscopy (LSM), and immunogold electron microscopy using several markers of keratinocyte cell surface and basement membrane zone molecules...
December 1998: Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry: Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9638332/down-regulation-of-laminin-binding-integrins-by-1-alpha-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d3-in-human-melanoma-cells-in-vitro
#7
C M Hansen, M W Madsen, B Arensbak, T Skak-Nielsen, S Latini, L Binderup
In the present investigation the effect of 1 alpha,25(OH)2D3 on the expression of the integrin laminin receptor on the melanoma cell line SK-MEL-28 has been examined. The SK-MEL-28 cells were shown to contain high-affinity receptors for 1 alpha,25(OH)2D3 and cell proliferation was found to be inhibited in a dose-dependent manner in response to the hormone. Using monoclonal antibodies against the alpha 6-sub-unit of the integrin laminin receptor, immunocytochemistry demonstrated that exposure of cells to 1 alpha,25(OH)2D3 for 5 days caused a reduced staining intensity...
March 1998: Cell Adhesion and Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9194580/adhesion-molecule-expression-in-normal-skin-and-melanocytic-lesions-role-of-uv-irradiation-and-architectural-characteristics-in-nevi
#8
M Tronnier, M Alexander, H H Wolff
Cell adhesion between surfaces of cells and to extracellular matrices represents a fundamental mechanism in tissue organization and influences the biological behaviour and the architecture of tumors. We investigated the expression of various adhesion molecules in normal skin (n=5), nevi (n=29), and malignant melanoma (n=10) by immunohistochemistry. Special attention was paid to the correlation between adhesion molecule expression and the respective architectural features, e.g. UV-induced morphological changes, and the arrangement of melanocytes in congenital nevi...
May 1997: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/8752661/adhesive-and-migratory-behaviors-of-nevus-cells-differ-from-those-of-epidermal-melanocytes-and-are-not-linked-to-the-histological-type-of-nevus
#9
V Mengeaud, J J Grob, P Bongrand, M A Richard, S Hesse, J J Bonerandi, P Verrando
It has been postulated that acquired nevi undergo life span continuous evolution from junctional, presumably in radial expanding phase at the dermal epidermal junction, to compound and then to dermal nested nevi. In an attempt to correlate the morphology of nevi with biological data, we have investigated whether migratory and adhesive phenotypes of nevus cells could account for histological patterns and possible spatiotemporal changes in nevi. Nevus cells were cultured from compound and dermal nevi and compared to normal epidermal cultured melanocytes from children and adults...
June 1996: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
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