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trauma AND surgery

Abhishek Chaturvedi, Prabhakar Rajiah, Apeksha Chaturvedi
Acquired diaphragmatic defects occur secondary to trauma, infection, surgery or neoplasm. These defects can lead to abnormal thoraco-abdominal fistulous communications also. Examples of surgically created diaphragmatic defects are omental, colonic interposition and vascular grafts. Regardless of etiology, these transdiaphragmatic communications provide a direct path for spread of pathology between the abdomen and thorax. If left untreated and unrecognized, these fistulae portend a high morbidity and mortality...
October 6, 2018: Clinical Imaging
Christina W Cheng, Amy M Cizik, Armagan H C Dagal, Larissa Lewis, John Lynch, Carlo Bellabarba, Richard J Bransford, Haitao Zhou
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) following spine surgery is associated with increased morbidity, reoperation rates, hospital readmissions and cost. The incidence of SSI following posterior cervical spine surgery is higher than anterior cervical spine surgery, with rates from 4.5-18%. It is well documented that higher body mass index (BMI) is associated with increased risk of SSI after spine surgery. There are only a few studies that examine the correlation of BMI and SSI after posterior cervical instrumented fusion (PCIF) using national databases, however, none that compare trauma and non-traumatic patients...
October 10, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
V Mendes, G O Dos Santos, M D Calasans-Maia, J M Granjeiro, V Moraschini
The purpose of this overview was to assess the methods, quality, and outcomes of systematic reviews conducted to evaluate the impact of bisphosphonates on dental implants and the risk of developing bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw after dental implant surgery. An electronic search without date or language restriction was performed in the PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane CENTRAL, Web of Science, and LILACS databases (to January 2018). Eligibility criteria included systematic reviews that evaluated the impact of bisphosphonates on implant outcomes...
October 9, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Alexander Barié, Michael Köpf, Ayham Jaber, Babak Moradi, Holger Schmitt, Jürgen Huber, Nikolaus Alexander Streich
BACKGROUND: The use of a quadriceps tendon-patellar bone (QTPB) autograft provides an alternative procedure in primary reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Using the press-fit technique for femoral fixation and knotting over a bone bridge as well as additional spongiosa filling for tibial fixation can completely eliminate the need for fixation implants. The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term clinical, functional and radiological results of this operating method...
October 12, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Woo Jong Kim, Hong Seop Lee, Sung Hun Won, Yong Cheol Hong, Dhong Won Lee, Ji-Hye Lee, Chang Hyun Kim
RATIONALE: The Morel-Lavallée lesion (MLL) is a closed degloving injury developing when shear force acts between the muscle fascia and the subcutaneous layer. MLLs develop principally in the trochanteric area or the pelvis; lesions in the proximal calf are rare. Acute lesions can be treated conservatively, but chronic lesions are best treated surgically because of a high rate of recurrence. To the best of our knowledge, this is a rare case of successful treatment of an MLL in the proximal calf associated with tibio-fibular shaft fracture...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Xinpu Tang, Hongxu Chen, Chaoyue Chen, Jianguo Xu
INTRODUCTION: Impalement injury is an uncommon presentation, and penetrating chest injuries account for 1% to 13% of thoracic trauma hospital admissions. The vast majority of patients with penetrating thoracic trauma who survive to reach the hospital alive can be managed nonoperatively. Nevertheless, in 10% to 15% of cases, emergency operation is necessary due to the associated hemorrhagic shock and visceral injury. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we report on a 39-year-old male, a construction worker, who fell down from a height of a construction site, landing ventrally on a clump of iron rods with 4 projecting heavy metallic rods penetrating into his thorax and head (scalp pierced only)...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Juan M Vinas-Rios, Fatima Medina-Govea, Viktor von Beeg-Moreno, Frerk Meyer
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for incidental durotomies are good documented claimed from some authors the degree of invasiveness as a direct risk factor on this serious complication. We compared the rate of incidental durotomies and its dependence from the degree of invasiveness. METHODS: The German Spine Registry could document 6016 surgeries for lumbar spinal canal stenosis, n= 2539 microsurgical decompression and n= 2371 open decompression with stabilization. RESULTS: Both groups were identical concerning age and sex of patients: mean age 77,1 ± 1,60, female 58%, male 32%...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
Wei Yuan, Ernest Beng Kee Kwek
PURPOSE: Recent literature on hip fractures has focussed on the optimal environment for best outcomes. One factor that has not been studied is the managing surgeon's training background. Our study aims to examine if hip fracture patients managed by fellowship-trained orthopaedic trauma surgeons have better outcomes compared to non-trauma trained general orthopaedic surgeons. METHODS: This is a retrospective study performed at a tertiary hospital with an established orthogeriatric co-managed hip fracture care pathway...
October 11, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Erdem Değirmenci, Yasin Emre Kaya, Kutay Engin Özturan
Hip is a stabilized joint due to the surrounding ligaments, and muscles, which can dislocate as a result of high energy trauma, high-level falls, and motor vehicle accidents. Traumatic hip dislocations can either be isolated or simultaneously with acetabular and proximal femur fractures. At the same time injury of sciatic, femoral or obturator nerves can be seen. However, avascular necrosis of femoral head, posttraumatic osteoarthritis, and heterotopic ossifications can be seen as prolonged complications. The period prior to the reduction, severity of the trauma, and performing open or close reductions are the major contributors of the prognosis...
October 2018: Trauma Case Reports
Celiac trunk is the artery of foregut, arising from the abdominal aorta at the level of T12/L1 vertebral body. It extends approximately 1.5 to 2 cm horizontally forwards before dividing into three branches: left gastric, common hepatic, and splenic arteries. Out of the three ventral branches of abdominal aorta, celiac trunk is more prone to have variations. During routine dissection of abdomen for undergraduate students we found some rare variations in the branching pattern of the celiac trunk. Absence of celiac trunk with hepatomesenteric trunk, quadrifurcation with dorsal pancreatic artery arising from it, quadrifurcation with middle colic artery arising from it, left inferior phrenic artery arising from celiac trunk, highly tortuous splenic artery supplying distal 1/3rd of transverse colon and hepatosplenic trunk...
September 2018: Anatomy & Cell Biology
Bizhan Shokouhi, Selvam Thavaraj, Chris Sproat, Jerry Kwok, Kiran Beneng, Vinod Patel
BACKGROUND: Coronectomy has become an increasingly prescribed surgical treatment for mandibular third molars that are deemed to pose a risk to the inferior dental nerve. Retention of the roots poses a risk of need for root retrieval in the future if symptoms are present. Long-term outcomes and the symptoms that lead to root retrieval via coronectomy have not been well documented or studied, and this has understandably led to hesitation in some clinicians in offering the procedure. The current series assesses patients who have undergone root retrieval, their reported indications for removal, and the histopathologic status of the removed roots...
September 10, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Kara Stoudt, Sanjay Chawla
Stress hyperglycemia is the transient increase in blood glucose as a result of complex hormonal changes that occur during critical illness. It has been described in the critically ill for nearly 200 years; patient harm, including increases in morbidity, mortality, and lengths of stay, has been associated with hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, and glucose variability. However, there remains a contentious debate regarding the optimal glucose ranges for this population, most notably within the past 15 years. Recent landmark clinical trials have dramatically changed the treatment of stress hyperglycemia in the intensive care unit (ICU)...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Kaori Ito, Tsuyoshi Nagao, Kahoko Nakazawa, Akinori Kato, Hiroto Chiba, Hiroshi Kondo, Yasufumi Miyake, Tetsuya Sakamoto, Takashi Fujita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
George J Manayath, Arvind Jain, Ratnesh Ranjan, Adarsh S Naik, Vekatapathy Narendran
PURPOSE: To report a case of idiopathic full-thickness macular hole in a young boy, which was managed surgically with good visual and anatomical outcomes. METHOD: Single case report. RESULTS: An 8-year-old boy presented for defective vision in the left eye noticed for the past 2 weeks with best-corrected visual acuity of 6/24. A large full-thickness macular hole was diagnosed clinically and was confirmed on optical coherence tomography. There was no clinical or tomographic findings suggestive of trauma or retinal degeneration...
October 9, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Tae Gon Kim, Bong Gyu Choi, Jin Ho Lee, Kyu-Jin Chung, Jun Ho Lee, Yong-Ha Kim
PURPOSE: Nasal and blowout fractures are the most common injuries from craniomaxillofacial trauma. Nasal fractures are easily diagnosed by clinical signs, such as pain and crepitus. However, blowout fractures are frequently asymptomatic and are easy to miss without computed tomographic (CT) scanning. This study analyzed the relation between the 2 fracture types to determine whether nasal fracture could be used as a predictor of blowout fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CT scans of 1,368 patients who underwent reduction surgery for nasal fracture were retrospectively reviewed...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
D A Khubezov, V P Sazhin, A Yu Ogoreltsev, D K Puchkov, S V Rodimov, I S Ignatov, L D Khubezov, A R Krotkov
AIM: To develop 'Cadaveric Course' of operative surgery for severe combined trauma for students, surgical residents, postgraduate students of medical universities and to compare its effectiveness with other approaches. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 'Cadaveric course' program of operative surgery for severe combined trauma consisted of four stages. The first stage is theoretical course (2 weeks), the second stage - students' work in cadaveric operating theatre with instructors (5 weeks), the third stage - their independent work in 'cadaveric operating theatre (10 weeks), the fourth stage - analysis of the results and their comparison with those of 5 2-year residents (control group)...
2018: Khirurgiia
S V Tarasenko, A A Natalskiy, O D Peskov, A Yu Bogomolov, T S Rakhmaev, I V Bakonina, O A Kadykova
Pancreatoenterostomy is one of the key moments in pancreatic surgery. It was proposed invaginative pancreatojejunostomy in end-to-side fashion by using of two continuous single-row purse-string sutures. This technique may be used in pancreatoduodenectomy and Beger's procedure. This method will be useful in cases of edematous and erupting pancreatic parenchyma and hard-to-differentiate lumen of pancreatic duct. It is followed by reduced trauma of tissue and bleeding, allows to avoid sutures failure and to achieve sealed anastomosis...
2018: Khirurgiia
Chidozie H Ewurum, Yingying Guo, Seang Pagnha, Zhao Feng, Xiongbiao Luo
Orthopedic surgery is a widely performed clinical procedure that deals with problems in relation to the bones, joints, and ligaments of the human body, such as musculoskeletal trauma, spine diseases, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors, and congenital disorders. Surgical navigation is generally recognized as the next generation technology of orthopedic surgery. The development of orthopedic navigation systems aims to analyze pre-, intra- and/or postoperative data in multiple modalities and provide an augmented reality 3-D visualization environment to improve clinical outcomes of surgical orthopedic procedures...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Joveeta Joseph, Savitri Sharma, Vivek Pravin Dave
BACKGROUND: To report microbiological diagnostic dilemma posed by observation of unusual morphology of bacteria in the vitreous sample of a series of three cases of bacterial endophthalmitis. RESULTS: A non-comparative, descriptive case series is described. All three cases presented to the retina-vitreous clinic with a clinical diagnosis of acute endophthalmitis between January and April 2018. Two patients had a past history of cataract surgery, and one had antecedent trauma within 1-2 days of presentation...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Michael S Green, Rajiv Chhabra, Hemant Goyal
Sclerosing mesenteritis is a rare disease entity initially described in 1924 with a prevalence reported to be less than 1%. Sclerosing mesenteritis is a comprehensive term used to describe three almost similar clinical entities including mesenteric panniculitis, retractile mesenteritis, and mesenteric lipodystrophy which only differ by their histology. The etiology of sclerosing mesenteritis is uncertain, but the disease has been associated with trauma, autoimmune disease, surgery, and malignancy. The typical presenting symptom is the abdominal pain, but sclerosing mesenteritis has a broad constellation of presenting symptoms which often makes consideration of the diagnosis unlikely...
September 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
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