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Disability in saudi arabia

Lina Elsabbagh, Tasneem Al-Atwi, Dhai Aldossary, Ali M Alshami, Jonathan C Hill, Wahiba Abu-Ras, Huda Abu-Saad Huijer, Dina Brooks
BACKGROUND: The STarT Back Tool (Subgrouping for Targeted Treatment; SBT) was developed and validated in the United Kingdom for adults with non-specific low back pain (LBP) to provide risk stratification groups. An Arabic version has not yet been developed. Consequently, our objectives were: First, to cross-culturally adapt the SBT for use in Arabic speaking adults (SBT-Ar) with LBP. Second, to assess the face, content and construct validity of SBT-Ar against relevant reference standards...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Deemah AlAteeq, Abdullah AlDaoud, Ahmad AlHadi, Hanoof AlKhalaf, Roumen Milev
Background: Stigma plays a powerful role in an individual's attitude towards mental illness and in their seeking psychiatric and psychological services. Assessing stigma from the perspective of people with mood disorders is important as these disorders have been ranked as major causes of disability. Objectives: To determine the extent and impact of stigma experiences in Saudi patients with depression and bipolar disorder, and to examine stigma experiences across cultures...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Ahmed Al-Digheari, Bassam Mahboub, Hesham Tarraf, Taskin Yucel, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Adam Doble, Aaicha Lahlou, Luqman Tariq, Fayaz Aziz, Abdelkader El Hasnaoui
Background: The SNAPSHOT program provides current data on the allergic rhinitis burden in the adult general population of five Middle Eastern countries (Egypt, Turkey, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, the latter three grouped into a Gulf cluster). Methods: A multi-country, cross-sectional, epidemiological program conducted by telephone in a random sample of the adult general population; quotas were defined per country demographics. Subjects were screened for allergic rhinitis using the Score For Allergic Rhinitis questionnaire...
2018: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
Ghaleb Hamad Alnahdi
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to examine the attitudes of Saudi students towards peers with disabilities. It examines how these attitudes are related to age, attending a school that includes students with intellectual disabilities, and having a relative with a disability. METHODS AND PROCEDURE: Participants included 357 elementary school male students (grades 3-6) who completed the Arabic version of the CATCH scale. OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: The students presented positive attitudes towards peers with disabilities...
October 30, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Ameera Balobaid, Tawfeg Ben-Omran, Khushnooda Ramzan, Ruqaiah Altassan, Mariam Almureikhi, Sara Musa, Nadia Al-Hashmi, Mohammed Al-Owain, Hamad Al-Zaidan, Zuhair Al-Hassnan, Faiqa Imtiaz, Moeenaldeen Al-Sayed
Hyperphosphatasia with mental retardation syndrome 4 (HPMRS4) is a rare autosomal recessive condition caused by an impairment of glycosylphophatidylinositol biosynthesis. The cardinal features of HPMRS4 include; characteristic facial features, severe intellectual disability and various neurologic abnormalities. We report here detailed clinical, biochemical, and molecular findings of 14 patients clinically suspected to have HPMRS4, from three Middle-Eastern Countries; Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Oman. All patients in our series presented with the cardinal features pointing to HPMRS4 and with an elevated alkaline phosphatase level...
October 22, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Faris Alodaibi, Ahmed Alhowimel, Hana Alsobayel
BACKGROUND: Pain is a leading cause of disability and accounts for many hospital and physical therapy visits. Current pain science understanding has evolved and changed substantially in the past 20 years; however, university health science curricula may not have progressed at the same rate. This study aimed to examine knowledge about pain neurophysiology among physical therapy students in Saudi Arabia, and to compare their knowledge across different education levels and by gender. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted to examine the pain neurophysiology knowledge among college physical therapy students in Saudi Arabia...
October 3, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Eman Alhalal, Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Carol Wong, Fadia AlBuhairan
BACKGROUND: Most research on the health impacts of intimate partner violence (IPV) and child abuse has been conducted in Western countries and may not be generalizable to women living in different contexts, such as Saudi Arabia. Chronic pain, a disabling health issue associated with experiences of both child abuse and IPV among women, negatively impacts women's well-being, quality of life, and level of functioning. Yet, the psychosocial mechanisms that explain how abuse relates to chronic pain are poorly understood...
October 3, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Hussein Algahtani, Bader Shirah, Hind Abobaker, Nebras Alghanaim, Fatemah Kamel
BACKGROUND: Natalizumab is the first targeted humanized monoclonal antibody to be approved for the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Natalizumab appears to be more effective than current first-line disease-modifying therapies. In our study, we aimed to evaluate the outcome of Saudi patients with active RRMS treated with natalizumab and compare the results with other outcomes in the Gulf and international trials. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective single-center observational study involving 32 patients with RRMS at King Abdulaziz Medical City in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia...
September 18, 2018: Clinical Neuropharmacology
Abdulaziz M Sebiany, Ahmed S Hafez, Khalid F A Salama, Amr A Sabra
BACKGROUND: The combined action of biological, physical, and chemical agents in the environment impacts on children's health resulting in illness and disability. Body measurements provide the optimum method of evaluating the health status of children. This study was done to measure the main air pollutants that affect the physical growth of primary schoolboys and compare the growth patterns of these young boys in three different areas in the city of Dammam in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia...
September 2018: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Mostafa A Abolfotouh, Saif Al Saif, Waleed A Altwaijri, Mohammed A Al Rowaily
BACKGROUND: Survival of preterm neonates has steadily improved over the past five decades, due to changes in the neonatal intensive care. However, in Saudi Arabia, there are no written guidelines on the definition of the lower limit of viability, and there has been a call for such a limit. The aims of this study were: (1) to determine lower limits of viability and survival in extremely low birthweight (ELBW) infants, and (2) to determine incidence of neurodevelopmental and cognitive abnormalities within 3-6 years after birth...
August 22, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Ala'a A S Al-Johani, Samia Sabor, Sami A R Aldubai
Background: Rapid and right intervention of parents can limit disability and increase the chances of survival of the injured child and make a big difference in the outcome. Objectives: The objective of this study is to assess the knowledge and practice of first aid among parents attending PHCs in Al-Madinah city, 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in governmental primary healthcare centers in Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah city (Saudi Arabia) during the year 2017...
March 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Mohammed Farhan Alruwaili, Amal Elwan
Background: Asthma is a common chronic disease in adolescents, and has led to a significant morbidity and disability. Few studies have estimated the prevalence of asthma in the Northern Borders Region of Saudi Arabia. Only limited data has been available about prevalence of asthma in adolescents' age. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of asthma and associated symptoms in 16 to 18-year-old adolescents, and to assess the level of asthma control among students with physician-diagnosed asthma, in the Northern Borders Region of Saudi Arabia...
June 2018: Electronic Physician
Saima Nazish, Rizwana Shahid, Azra Zafar, Foziah Alshamrani, Abdullah Al Sulaiman, Majed Alabdali, Danah Aljaafari, Esraa Al Wabari, Fahd A Alkhamis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to determine the frequencies of different clinical presentations and the phenotypic spectrum of multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed in the Neurology Department of King Fahd Hospital of University Alkhobar in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Data of 190 MS patients who fulfilled the McDonald criteria were retrieved from medical records and analyzed. RESULTS: The age at disease onset was 26...
July 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
Saber Yezli, Philippe Gautret, Abdullah M Assiri, Bradford D Gessner, Badriah Alotaibi
Meningococcal disease is a serious public health threat given the seriousness of the illness, its disabling sequelae and its potential for epidemic spread. The disease is a concern during mass gatherings which provide conditions that facilitate transmission of infectious agents including Neisseria meningitidis. Implementation of appropriate meningococcal disease preventive measures during at-risk mass gatherings is crucial to prevent illness and outbreaks which may result in significant morbidity and mortality as well as local and international spread of the disease...
July 25, 2018: Vaccine
Yazed AlRuthia, Bander Balkhi, Marwan Alrasheed, Ahmed Altuwaijri, Mohammad Alarifi, Huda Alzahrani, Wael Mansy
This study aimed to explore the health beliefs and patterns of dietary supplement usage among fitness center members. This cross-sectional study was conducted in four large indoor fitness centers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. This study involved male fitness center members aged ≥18 years with no speech or hearing disabilities. In-person interviews were conducted with fitness center members who agreed to participate using a newly developed questionnaire. Information on participants' sociodemographics (e.g., age and education), smoking status, health status, exercise frequency, average time spent exercising, different supplements used, used supplements sources, and health beliefs regarding dietary supplements were obtained...
2018: PloS One
Osama Al Wutayd, Ashri Gad Mohamed, Jameelah Saeedi, Hessa Al Otaibi, Mohammed Al Jumah
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common non-traumatic condition that leads to disability among young individuals. It is associated with demyelination, inflammation, and neurodegeneration within the central nervous system. Information on risk factors of multiple sclerosis is crucial for the prevention and control of the disease. The aim of this study was to determine risk factors of MS among adults in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A matched multicenter case-control study, including 307 MS patients and 307 healthy controls, was conducted in MS clinics and wards in 3 main cities of Saudi Arabia...
June 19, 2018: BMC Neurology
Dilsad Mungan, Omur Aydin, Bassam Mahboub, Mohammad Albader, Hesham Tarraf, Adam Doble, Aaicha Lahlou, Luqman Tariq, Fayaz Aziz, Abdelkader El Hasnaoui
BACKGROUND: Asthma affects millions worldwide resulting in a significant disease burden. However, data on asthma burden from the Middle East is limited. This analysis describes the asthma burden in Egypt, Turkey and a Gulf cluster (Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates) as part of the SNAPSHOT program. METHODS: SNAPSHOT was an observational, cross-sectional program carried out by telephone in a random sample of the adult general population of the five above mentioned countries...
June 2018: Respiratory Medicine
Abeer M Al-Nowaiser, Abdulaziz S Al Suwyed, Khalid H Al Zoman, Asirvatham A Robert, Tarfa Al Brahim, Sebastian G Ciancio, Sultan A Al Mubarak, Omar A El Meligy
The efficacy of full mouth rehabilitation (FMR) on oral health-related quality of life of physically disabled children was assessed. This prospective study was performed at Dental Department of Sultan Bin Abdulaziz Humanitarian City, Riyadh, and King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, during May 2012 to September 2014. A total of 186 physically disabled children aged 11-14 years were assigned to a test group (n = 97) or a control group (n = 89). FMR was applied for test group children at baseline and 3 months' visits, whereas those in the control group did not receive FMR...
October 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dental Research
Jeffrey Presneill, Dashiell Gantner, Alistair Nichol, Colin McArthur, Andrew Forbes, Jessica Kasza, Tony Trapani, Lynnette Murray, Stephen Bernard, Peter Cameron, Gilles Capellier, Olivier Huet, Lynette Newby, Stephen Rashford, Jeffrey V Rosenfeld, Tony Smith, Michael Stephenson, Dinesh Varma, Shirley Vallance, Tony Walker, Steve Webb, D James Cooper
BACKGROUND: The Prophylactic hypOthermia to Lessen trAumatic bRain injury-Randomised Controlled Trial (POLAR-RCT) will evaluate whether early and sustained prophylactic hypothermia delivered to patients with severe traumatic brain injury improves patient-centred outcomes. METHODS: The POLAR-RCT is a multicentre, randomised, parallel group, phase III trial of early, prophylactic cooling in critically ill patients with severe traumatic brain injury, conducted in Australia, New Zealand, France, Switzerland, Saudi Arabia and Qatar...
April 27, 2018: Trials
Adel A Alhazzani, Mohammed S Alqahtani, Mohammed S Alahmari, Muhannad A Asiri, Noof M Alamri, Leen A Sarhan, Shahad S Alkhashrami, Abdullmgeed A Asiri
OBJECTIVE: To determine the quality of life (QoL) among multiple sclerosis (MS) patients in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the QoL of MS patients during the period from November 2016 to May 2017. Patients were recruited from tertiary hospitals in 5 regions in the kingdom. Clinical and demographic data were collected and information on patients` health status using the self-report SF-36 questionnaire to assess QoL...
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
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