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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30090781/knowledge-and-practice-of-first-aid-among-parents-attending-primary-health-care-centers-in-madinah-city-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Ala'a A S Al-Johani, Samia Sabor, Sami A R Aldubai
Background: Rapid and right intervention of parents can limit disability and increase the chances of survival of the injured child and make a big difference in the outcome. Objectives: The objective of this study is to assess the knowledge and practice of first aid among parents attending PHCs in Al-Madinah city, 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in governmental primary healthcare centers in Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah city (Saudi Arabia) during the year 2017...
March 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034659/prevalence-of-asthma-among-male-16-to-18-year-old-adolescents-in-the-northern-borders-region-of-saudi-arabia
#2
Mohammed Farhan Alruwaili, Amal Elwan
Background: Asthma is a common chronic disease in adolescents, and has led to a significant morbidity and disability. Few studies have estimated the prevalence of asthma in the Northern Borders Region of Saudi Arabia. Only limited data has been available about prevalence of asthma in adolescents' age. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of asthma and associated symptoms in 16 to 18-year-old adolescents, and to assess the level of asthma control among students with physician-diagnosed asthma, in the Northern Borders Region of Saudi Arabia...
June 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971975/clinical-presentations-and-phenotypic-spectrum-of-multiple-sclerosis-at-a-university-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#3
Saima Nazish, Rizwana Shahid, Azra Zafar, Foziah Alshamrani, Abdullah Al Sulaiman, Majed Alabdali, Danah Aljaafari, Esraa Al Wabari, Fahd A Alkhamis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to determine the frequencies of different clinical presentations and the phenotypic spectrum of multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed in the Neurology Department of King Fahd Hospital of University Alkhobar in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Data of 190 MS patients who fulfilled the McDonald criteria were retrieved from medical records and analyzed. RESULTS: The age at disease onset was 26...
July 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29954630/prevention-of-meningococcal-disease-at-mass-gatherings-lessons-from-the-hajj-and-umrah
#4
REVIEW
Saber Yezli, Philippe Gautret, Abdullah M Assiri, Bradford D Gessner, Badriah Alotaibi
Meningococcal disease is a serious public health threat given the seriousness of the illness, its disabling sequelae and its potential for epidemic spread. The disease is a concern during mass gatherings which provide conditions that facilitate transmission of infectious agents including Neisseria meningitidis. Implementation of appropriate meningococcal disease preventive measures during at-risk mass gatherings is crucial to prevent illness and outbreaks which may result in significant morbidity and mortality as well as local and international spread of the disease...
July 25, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928034/use-of-dietary-and-performance-enhancing-supplements-among-male-fitness-center-members-in-riyadh-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Yazed AlRuthia, Bander Balkhi, Marwan Alrasheed, Ahmed Altuwaijri, Mohammad Alarifi, Huda Alzahrani, Wael Mansy
This study aimed to explore the health beliefs and patterns of dietary supplement usage among fitness center members. This cross-sectional study was conducted in four large indoor fitness centers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. This study involved male fitness center members aged ≥18 years with no speech or hearing disabilities. In-person interviews were conducted with fitness center members who agreed to participate using a newly developed questionnaire. Information on participants' sociodemographics (e.g., age and education), smoking status, health status, exercise frequency, average time spent exercising, different supplements used, used supplements sources, and health beliefs regarding dietary supplements were obtained...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914402/environmental-exposures-and-the-risk-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-saudi-arabia
#6
Osama Al Wutayd, Ashri Gad Mohamed, Jameelah Saeedi, Hessa Al Otaibi, Mohammed Al Jumah
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common non-traumatic condition that leads to disability among young individuals. It is associated with demyelination, inflammation, and neurodegeneration within the central nervous system. Information on risk factors of multiple sclerosis is crucial for the prevention and control of the disease. The aim of this study was to determine risk factors of MS among adults in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A matched multicenter case-control study, including 307 MS patients and 307 healthy controls, was conducted in MS clinics and wards in 3 main cities of Saudi Arabia...
June 19, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858002/burden-of-disease-associated-with-asthma-among-the-adult-general-population-of-five-middle-eastern-countries-results-of-the-snapshot-program
#7
Dilsad Mungan, Omur Aydin, Bassam Mahboub, Mohammad Albader, Hesham Tarraf, Adam Doble, Aaicha Lahlou, Luqman Tariq, Fayaz Aziz, Abdelkader El Hasnaoui
BACKGROUND: Asthma affects millions worldwide resulting in a significant disease burden. However, data on asthma burden from the Middle East is limited. This analysis describes the asthma burden in Egypt, Turkey and a Gulf cluster (Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates) as part of the SNAPSHOT program. METHODS: SNAPSHOT was an observational, cross-sectional program carried out by telephone in a random sample of the adult general population of the five above mentioned countries...
June 2018: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744197/influence-of-full-mouth-rehabilitation-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-disabled-children
#8
Abeer M Al-Nowaiser, Abdulaziz S Al Suwyed, Khalid H Al Zoman, Asirvatham A Robert, Tarfa Al Brahim, Sebastian G Ciancio, Sultan A Al Mubarak, Omar A El Meligy
The efficacy of full mouth rehabilitation (FMR) on oral health-related quality of life of physically disabled children was assessed. This prospective study was performed at Dental Department of Sultan Bin Abdulaziz Humanitarian City, Riyadh, and King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, during May 2012 to September 2014. A total of 186 physically disabled children aged 11-14 years were assigned to a test group (n = 97) or a control group (n = 89). FMR was applied for test group children at baseline and 3 months' visits, whereas those in the control group did not receive FMR...
October 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703266/statistical-analysis-plan-for-the-polar-rct-the-prophylactic-hypothermia-trial-to-lessen-traumatic-brain-injury-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Jeffrey Presneill, Dashiell Gantner, Alistair Nichol, Colin McArthur, Andrew Forbes, Jessica Kasza, Tony Trapani, Lynnette Murray, Stephen Bernard, Peter Cameron, Gilles Capellier, Olivier Huet, Lynette Newby, Stephen Rashford, Jeffrey V Rosenfeld, Tony Smith, Michael Stephenson, Dinesh Varma, Shirley Vallance, Tony Walker, Steve Webb, D James Cooper
BACKGROUND: The Prophylactic hypOthermia to Lessen trAumatic bRain injury-Randomised Controlled Trial (POLAR-RCT) will evaluate whether early and sustained prophylactic hypothermia delivered to patients with severe traumatic brain injury improves patient-centred outcomes. METHODS: The POLAR-RCT is a multicentre, randomised, parallel group, phase III trial of early, prophylactic cooling in critically ill patients with severe traumatic brain injury, conducted in Australia, New Zealand, France, Switzerland, Saudi Arabia and Qatar...
April 27, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664456/quality-of-life-assessment-among-multiple-sclerosis-patients-in-saudi-arabia
#10
Adel A Alhazzani, Mohammed S Alqahtani, Mohammed S Alahmari, Muhannad A Asiri, Noof M Alamri, Leen A Sarhan, Shahad S Alkhashrami, Abdullmgeed A Asiri
OBJECTIVE: To determine the quality of life (QoL) among multiple sclerosis (MS) patients in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the QoL of MS patients during the period from November 2016 to May 2017. Patients were recruited from tertiary hospitals in 5 regions in the kingdom. Clinical and demographic data were collected and information on patients` health status using the self-report SF-36 questionnaire to assess QoL...
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495546/the-national-and-regional-prevalence-rates-of-disability-type-of-disability-and-severity-in-saudi-arabia-analysis-of-2016-demographic-survey-data
#11
Saad M Bindawas, Vishal Vennu
The prevalence of disability varies between countries ranging from less than 1% to up to 30% in some countries, thus, the estimated global disability prevalence is about 15%. However, it is unknown what the current estimate of disability and its types and severity are in Saudi Arabia. Thus, the objective of this study is to estimate national and regional prevalence rates of any disability, types of disability, and their severity among Saudi populations. Data on disability status were extracted from the national demographic survey conducted in 2016 as reported by the General Authority for Statistics, Saudi Arabia (N = 20,064,970)...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455340/an-international-clinical-study-of-ability-and-disability-in-adhd-using-the-who-icf-framework
#12
Soheil Mahdi, Nadia Ronzano, Ane Knüppel, José Carlos Dias, Ayman Albdah, Lin Chien-Ho, Omar Almodayfer, Annet Bluschke, Sunil Karande, Huei-Lin Huang, Hanna Christiansen, Mats Granlund, Petrus J de Vries, David Coghill, Rosemary Tannock, Luis Rohde, Sven Bölte
This is the fourth and final study designed to develop International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF, and children and youth version, ICF-CY) core sets for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). To investigate aspects of functioning and environment of individuals with ADHD as documented by the ICF-CY in clinical practice settings. An international cross-sectional multi-centre study was applied, involving nine units from eight countries: Denmark, Germany, India, Italy, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Sweden and Taiwan...
February 17, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445880/the-headache-under-response-to-treatment-hurt-questionnaire-an-outcome-measure-to-guide-follow-up-in-primary-care-development-psychometric-evaluation-and-assessment-of-utility
#13
T J Steiner, D C Buse, M Al Jumah, M L Westergaard, R H Jensen, M L Reed, L Prilipko, F S Mennini, M J A Láinez, K Ravishankar, F Sakai, S-Y Yu, M Fontebasso, A Al Khathami, E A MacGregor, F Antonaci, C Tassorelli, R B Lipton
BACKGROUND: Headache disorders are both common and burdensome but, given the many people affected, provision of health care to all is challenging. Structured headache services based in primary care are the most efficient, equitable and cost-effective solution but place responsibility for managing most patients on health-care providers with limited training in headache care. The development of practical management aids for primary care is therefore a purpose of the Global Campaign against Headache...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419523/association-between-the-mode-of-transport-and-in-hospital-medical-complications-in-trauma-patients-findings-from-a-level-i-trauma-center-in-saudi-arabia
#14
Nawfal Aljerian, Saleh Alhaidar, Ali Alothman, Wijdan AlJohi, Faisal Abdullah Albaqami, Suliman Abdullah Alghnam
BACKGROUND: In Saudi Arabia, injury is the leading cause of death. Even if nonfatal, the impact of injuries on population health is enormous, as thousands of young patients suffer permanent disabilities every year. Unlike in developed countries, private transportation (PT) is a common means to transport trauma patients. Outcome differences between patients transported via PT relative to emergency medical services (EMS) has not been previously explored. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between transportation mode and in-hospital complications among trauma patients...
January 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400571/the-human-right-to-communicate-a-survey-of-available-services-in-saudi-arabia
#15
Manal A Khoja, Hadeel Sheeshah
Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states: "Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression." However, people with communication disabilities may be more likely to lose the right to express their opinions as a consequence of their atypical communication methods; hence they may be denied a basic human right. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the availability of speech-language pathology services in Saudi Arabia's public-health sector. The data were collected using a telephone survey...
February 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383837/further-delineation-of-temtamy-syndrome-of-corpus-callosum-and-ocular-abnormalities
#16
Laila Alrakaf, Mohammed A Al-Owain, Maryam Busehail, Maha A Alotaibi, Dorota Monies, Hesham M Aldhalaan, Amal Alhashem, Zuhair N Al-Hassnan, Zuhair A Rahbeeni, Fathiya Al Murshedi, Nadia Al Ani, Almundher Al-Maawali, Niema A Ibrahim, Firdous M Abdulwahab, Maysoon Alsagob, Mais O Hashem, Wafaa Ramadan, Mohamed Abouelhoda, Brian F Meyer, Namik Kaya, Sateesh Maddirevula, Fowzan S Alkuraya
Temtamy syndrome is a syndromic form of intellectual disability characterized by ocular involvement, epilepsy and dysgenesis of the corpus callosum. After we initially mapped the disease to C12orf57, we noted a high carrier frequency of an ancient startloss founder mutation [c.1A>G; p.M1?] in our population, and variable phenotypic expressivity in newly identified cases. This study aims to combine 33 previously published patients with 23 who are described here for the first time to further delineate the phenotype of this syndrome...
March 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336506/influence-of-culture-change-on-the-perception-of-fear-and-anxiety-pathways-in-endodontics-a-pilot-proof-of-concept-study
#17
Ava Elizabeth Carter, Emad AlShwaimi, Mark Boschen, Geoffery Carter, Roy George
This study assessed the influence of cultural changes (known as acculturation) on pathways of fear and anxiety in Endodontics. A purposive sampling technique identified patients of Saudi Arabian descent living in Australia and Saudi Arabia. Only patients with root canal fillings (or treatment planned for endodontic treatment) were included. Patients with intellectual disabilities, surgical root therapy, and aged under 20 were excluded. Consenting patients attending the dental clinics of University of Griffith University, Australia and University of Dammam, Saudi Arabia completed the "My Endodontic Fear Questionnaire...
January 16, 2018: Australian Endodontic Journal: the Journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317957/prevalence-of-migraine-headache-in-taif-city-saudi-arabia
#18
Ziyad Atiah Almalki, Mohammed Abdullah Ghramah Alzhrani, Asmaa Turki Altowairqi, Yara Abdulaziz Aljawi, Sarah Abdulaziz Fallatah, Luai Mohammed Assaedi, Mohammed Abdulaziz Aljawi, Sadeem Adnan Alqusair
Background: Migraine is a public health problem and it is the third most common cause of disability among individuals below the age of 50. In spite of the multiplicity of the studies concerned with exploring the disease epidemiology and nature worldwide, data from Saudi Arabia are lacking. The aim of this study was to study the prevalence of migraine in Taif city, Saudi Arabia. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 354 individuals in Taif city. Data were collected via a self-administered questionnaire including demographic variables, clinical variables, and therapeutic variables...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232884/practicing-dentists-self-efficacy-and-associated-factors-in-managing-the-treatment-of-adults-with-mental-and-physical-disabilities-an-exploratory-cross-sectional-study-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#19
Sakher AlQahtani, Ebtissam Zakaria Murshid, Hani Talal Fadel, Saba Kassim
Background: Provision of oral healthcare to adults with mental and physical disabilities (AMPD) remains a challenging area across various healthcare systems. The present study aimed to assess self-reported efficacy and investigate factors associated with self-efficacy in the management of AMPD among practicing dentists in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A pilot-tested, self-administered questionnaire was distributed to a convenience sample of 1000 dentists. Descriptive and inferential analyses were performed on the collected responses...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229891/cost-effectiveness-of-oral-agents-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-compared-to-interferon-based-therapy-in-saudi-arabia
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mai F Alsaqa'aby, Varun Vaidya, Noura Khreis, Thamer Al Khairallah, Ahmed H Al-Jedai
BACKGROUND: Promising clinical and humanistic outcomes are associated with the use of new oral agents in the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). This is the first cost-effectiveness study comparing these medications in Saudi Arabia. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare the cost-effectiveness of fingolimod, teriflunomide, dimethyl fumarate, and interferon (IFN)-b1a products (Avonex and Rebif) as first-line therapies in the treatment of patients with RRMS from a Saudi payer perspective...
November 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
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