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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231546/blood-cadmium-by-race-hispanic-origin-the-role-of-smoking
#1
Yutaka Aoki, Jennifer Yee, Mary E Mortensen
BACKGROUND: There have been increasing concerns over health effects of low level exposure to cadmium, especially those on bones and kidneys. OBJECTIVE: To explore how age-adjusted geometric means of blood cadmium in adults varied by race/Hispanic origin, sex, and smoking status among U.S. adults and the extent to which the difference in blood cadmium by race/Hispanic origin and sex may be explained by intensity of smoking, a known major source of cadmium exposure...
February 20, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231239/surveillance-for-health-care-access-and-health-services-use-adults-aged-18-64-years-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-united-states-2014
#2
Catherine A Okoro, Guixiang Zhao, Jared B Fox, Paul I Eke, Kurt J Greenlund, Machell Town
PROBLEM/CONDITION: As a result of the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, millions of U.S. adults attained health insurance coverage. However, millions of adults remain uninsured or underinsured. Compared with adults without barriers to health care, adults who lack health insurance coverage, have coverage gaps, or skip or delay care because of limited personal finances might face increased risk for poor physical and mental health and premature mortality. PERIOD COVERED: 2014...
February 24, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231077/association-of-genetic-variation-in-the-tachykinin-receptor-3-locus-with-hot-flashes-and-night-sweats-in-the-women-s-health-initiative-study
#3
Carolyn J Crandall, JoAnn E Manson, Chancellor Hohensee, Steve Horvath, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Erin S LeBlanc, Mara Z Vitolins, Rami Nassir, Janet S Sinsheimer
OBJECTIVE: Vasomotor symptoms (VMS, ie, hot flashes or night sweats) are reported by many, but not all, women. The extent to which VMS are genetically determined is unknown. We evaluated the relationship of genetic variation and VMS. METHODS: In this observational study, we accessed data from three genome-wide association studies (GWAS) (SNP Health Association Resource cohort [SHARe], WHI Memory Study cohort [WHIMS+], and Genome-Wide Association Studies of Treatment Response in Randomized Clinical Trials [GARNET] studies, total n = 17,695) of European American, African American, and Hispanic American postmenopausal women aged 50 to 79 years at baseline in the Women's Health Initiative Study...
March 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231027/insomnia-sleep-quality-and-quality-of-life-in-mild-to-moderate-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Shirin Shafazand, Douglas M Wallace, Kristopher L Arheart, Silvia Vargas, Corneliu C Luca, Henry Moore, Heather Katzen, Bonnie Levin, Carlos Singer
RATIONALE: Sleep disorders are prevalent in Parkinson's disease and yet under reported in clinical settings. The contribution of sleep disorders to health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for patients with this degenerative neurological disease are not well known. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of insomnia symptoms, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and poor sleep quality on HRQOL in a cohort of patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease. METHODS: We enrolled a convenience sample of 66 adults seen in the University of Miami Movement Disorders Clinic between July 2011 and June 2013...
February 23, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230564/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-aggression-and-illicit-stimulant-use-is-this-self-medication
#5
Annie P Odell, Grace L Reynolds, Dennis G Fisher, Loucine M Huckabay, William C Pedersen, Pamela Xandre, Milica Miočević
This study compares adults with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on measures of direct and displaced aggression and illicit drug use. Three hundred ninety-six adults were administered the Wender Utah Rating Scale, the Risk Behavior Assessment, the Aggression Questionnaire (AQ), and the Displaced Aggression Questionnaire (DAQ). Those with ADHD were higher on all scales of the AQ and DAQ, were younger at first use of amphetamines, and were more likely to have ever used crack and amphetamines...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230390/effectiveness-of-an-internet-intervention-deprexis-for-depression-in-a-united-states-adult-sample-a-parallel-group-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Christopher G Beevers, Rahel Pearson, James S Hoffman, A Alban Foulser, Jason Shumake, Björn Meyer
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of an Internet intervention for depression with a randomized, controlled trial in a large sample of adults recruited from the United States. METHOD: The current study examines the effectiveness of Deprexis, an Internet treatment for depression that was provided with relatively minimal support. There were 376 treatment-seeking adults (mean age = 32 years; 74% female; 77% Caucasian, 7% Asian, 7% multiple races, 4% African American, and 11% Hispanic/Latino) with elevated depression (Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptoms-Self-Report [QIDS-SR] > = 10) who were randomized to receive an 8-week course of treatment immediately (n = 285) or after an 8-week delay (n = 91; i...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229456/body-mass-index-waist-circumference-and-mortality-in-a-large-multiethnic-postmenopausal-cohort-results-from-the-women-s-health-initiative
#7
Zhao Chen, Yann C Klimentidis, Jennifer W Bea, Kacey C Ernst, Chengcheng Hu, Rebecca Jackson, Cynthia A Thomson
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the relationship between anthropometric measurements of obesity and mortality varies according to age, race, and ethnicity in older women. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of multiethnic postmenopausal women. SETTING: Women's Health Initiative (WHI) observational study and clinical trials in 40 clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Postmenopausal women aged 50-79 participating in WHI (N = 161,808). MEASUREMENTS: Baseline height, weight, and waist circumference (WC) were measured, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated based on height and weight...
February 23, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229344/variation-in-risk-and-outcomes-of-epstein-barr-virus-associated-breast-cancer-by-epidemiologic-characteristics-and-virus-detection-strategies-an-exploratory-study
#8
Sally L Glaser, Alison J Canchola, Theresa H M Keegan, Christina A Clarke, Teri A Longacre, Margaret L Gulley
PURPOSE: A relationship of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and breast cancer etiology and outcome may have clinical utility and potential to enhance understanding of tumor biology. Research to date has yielded variable results, likely reflecting differing virus detection assays and unaddressed epidemiologic heterogeneity across studies. METHODS: Applying our novel, five-target assay detection strategy in an exploratory study, we examined demographic, clinical, and tumor characteristics, and overall survival, associated with EBV positivity in breast adenocarcinomas from 59 non-Hispanic white and 68 Hispanic women sampled by age (<50, 50+) and stage (localized, regional/remote) and examined associations based on single assay targets...
February 22, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229275/a-pilot-randomized-trial-to-prevent-sexual-dysfunction-in-postmenopausal-breast-cancer-survivors-starting-adjuvant-aromatase-inhibitor-therapy
#9
Pragati Advani, Abenaa M Brewster, George P Baum, Leslie R Schover
PURPOSE: A randomized pilot trial evaluated the hypothesis that early intervention lessens sexual dysfunction in the first year on aromatase inhibitors. A secondary aim was comparing the efficacy of two vaginal moisturizers. METHODS: Fifty-seven postmenopausal women with early stage breast cancer starting aromatase inhibitors were randomized to three treatment groups. All received a handout on managing sexual and other side effects. The Usual Care group received no additional therapy...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226264/leukocyte-telomere-length-in-hispanic-schizophrenia-patients-under-treatment-with-olanzapine
#10
Nancy Monroy-Jaramillo, Yaneth Rodríguez-Agudelo, Luis Carlos Aviña-Cervantes, David L Roberts, Dawn I Velligan, Consuelo Walss-Bass
Different lines of evidence indicate that patients with schizophrenia (SZ) exhibit accelerated aging. Leukocyte telomere length (TL), an aging marker, is associated with age-related and chronic pathologies, including schizophrenia. We analyzed leukocyte TL in 170 SZ patients of Hispanic ancestry grouped based on antipsychotic treatment, compared to 126 matched controls. The group under treatment with atypical antipsychotics was further subdivided according to the risk of medication to cause metabolic syndrome (MetS)...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224453/national-estimates-and-correlates-of-secondhand-smoke-exposure-in-us-cancer-survivors
#11
Taghrid Asfar, Kristopher L Arheart, Tulay Koru-Sengul, Margaret M Byrne, Noella A Dietz, Charles Jeng Chen, David J Lee
PURPOSE: Cancer survivors comprise a vulnerable population for exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS). This study examined and compared the prevalence, time trends, and predictors of SHS exposure between nonsmoking adult cancer survivors and nonsmoking adults without cancer history (control group). METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2001-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (survivors: n = 2168; controls: n = 19,436). All adults ≥20 years of age who reported not smoking and had a serum cotinine level of 0...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223429/cancer-mortality-in-hispanic-ethnic-groups
#12
Paulo S Pinheiro, Karen E Callahan, Rebecca L Siegel, Hongbin Jin, Cyllene R Morris, Edward J Trapido, Scarlett Lin Gomez
Background: Cancer is the leading cause of death among Hispanics. The burden of cancer mortality within Hispanic groups has not been well quantified.Methods: Cancer mortality rates for 2008-2012 in Florida were computed on the basis of race, ethnicity, and birthplace, specifically focusing on major Hispanic groups-Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, Central Americans, South Americans, and Dominicans. Age-adjusted mortality rate ratios derived from negative binomial regression were used to compare Hispanics, aggregated and by group, to nonHispanic whites (NHW)...
February 21, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222988/thirty-day-and-90-day-hospital-readmission-after-outpatient-upper-extremity-hemodialysis-access-creation
#13
Jeffrey J Siracuse, Nishant K Shah, Matthew R Peacock, Georges Tahhan, Jeffrey A Kalish, Denis Rybin, Mohammad H Eslami, Alik Farber
OBJECTIVE: Patients with end-stage renal disease have multiple comorbidities and are at increased risk for postoperative complications and resource utilization. Our goal was to determine the rate and causes of 30-day and 90-day hospital readmissions after the creation of outpatient hemodialysis access. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all outpatient upper extremity hemodialysis access creations performed at our medical center from 2008 to 2015. Readmission was defined as any inpatient status admission ≤30 and 90 days...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220280/neighborhood-moderation-of-sensation-seeking-effects-on-adolescent-substance-use-initiation
#14
Michaeline Jensen, Laurie Chassin, Nancy A Gonzales
Adolescent substance use carries a considerable public health burden, and early initiation into use is especially problematic. Research has shown that trait sensation seeking increases risk for substance use initiation, but less is known about contextual factors that can potentially unmask this risk. This study utilized a diverse longitudinal subsample of youth (N = 454) from a larger study of familial alcoholism (53.1% female, 61% non-Hispanic Caucasian, 27.8% Hispanic, 11.2% other ethnicity). Study questions examined sensation seeking in early adolescence (mean age = 12...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220102/a-nuanced-look-at-women-in-stem-fields-at-two-year-colleges-factors-that-shape-female-students-transfer-intent
#15
Xueli Wang, Hsun-Yu Chan, Sara Jimenez Soffa, Brett Ranon Nachman
In this study, we explored the relationship between the intent to transfer upward and a set of motivational, contextual, and socio-demographic background factors among 696 female students beginning in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) programs or courses at two-year colleges in a Midwestern state. Drawing upon survey data and administrative records, our multinomial logistic regression analysis revealed that students' math and science self-efficacy beliefs, as well as transfer-oriented interaction, were significant and positive predictors for their intent to transfer into STEM fields as opposed to having no intent to transfer...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219854/does-neighborhood-social-and-environmental-context-impact-race-ethnic-disparities-in-childhood-asthma
#16
Mackenzie Brewer, Rachel Tolbert Kimbro, Justin T Denney, Kristin M Osiecki, Brady Moffett, Keila Lopez
Utilizing over 140,000 geocoded medical records for a diverse sample of children ages 2-12 living in Houston, Texas, we examine whether a comprehensive set of neighborhood social and environmental characteristics explain racial and ethnic disparities in childhood asthma. Adjusting for all individual risk factors, as well as neighborhood concentrated disadvantage, particulate matter, ozone concentration, and race/ethnic composition, reduced but did not fully attenuate the higher odds of asthma diagnosis among black (OR=2...
February 17, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219634/management-of-chronic-spontaneous-urticaria-in-routine-clinical-practice-following-the-eaaci-ga-2-len-edf-wao-guidelines
#17
I Marín-Cabañas, L Berbegal-de Gracia, F de León-Marrero, P Hispán, J F Silvestre
INTRODUCTION: Chronic spontaneous urticaria is a prevalent and difficult-to-treat condition that has a very negative impact on patient quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients presenting with chronic spontaneous urticaria and the response to treatment administered according to the EAACI/GA(2)LEN/EDF/WAO consensus guideline. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Descriptive cross-sectional study of all the patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria who consulted a skin allergy unit in the dermatology department of a tertiary hospital in Spain between July 2011 and July 2015...
February 17, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219043/epilepsy-by-the-numbers-epilepsy-deaths-by-age-race-ethnicity-and-gender-in-the-united-states-significantly-increased-from-2005-to-2014
#18
Sujay F Greenlund, Janet B Croft, Rosemarie Kobau
To inform public health efforts to prevent epilepsy-related deaths, we used the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research (WONDER; Wonder.cdc.gov) to examine any-listed epilepsy deaths for the period 2005-2014 by age groups (≤24, 25-44, 45-64, 65-84, ≥85years), sex, and race/ethnicity (non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic African American, Hispanic, Asian/Pacific Islander, or American Indian/Alaska Native). Epilepsy deaths were defined by the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes G40...
February 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218436/differentially-expressed-haptoglobin-as-a-potential-biomarker-for-type-2-diabetic-mellitus-in-hispanic-population
#19
Zhongwei Liu, Du Feng, Danshan Gu, Richard Zheng, Christina Esperat, Weimin Gao
Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) measurement is currently a primary tool for diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), especially for the assessment of chronic hyperglycemia. However, many studies reported the limitation of using HbA1c for T2DM diagnosis/prognosis, such as poor sensitivities, difficult standardization, and variable cut points across ethnic groups. Therefore, the aim of this study was to discover novel biomarkers associated with elevated HbA1c levels as complementary T2DM diagnostic tools...
February 20, 2017: BioFactors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216129/social-media-use-and-its-association-with-sexual-risk-and-parental-monitoring-among-a-primarily-hispanic-adolescent-population
#20
Dina L Romo, Chelsea Garnett, Alayna P Younger, Melissa S Stockwell, Karen Soren, Marina Catallozzi, Natalie Neu
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the association between social media (SM) use with sexual risk, and with parental monitoring among Hispanic adolescents. DESIGN: Self-administered anonymous survey SETTING: Urban primary care clinics PARTICIPANTS: 13-21 year olds primarily Hispanic adolescents MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Chi-square and regression analyses controlling for age and gender assessed associations between SM use or sexting and sexual behaviors (kissing, touching genitals, vaginal oral, and anal sex), sexual risk (>4 lifetime partners, >1 recent partner, inconsistent condom use and history of STI diagnosis) and contraceptive use...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
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