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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930888/what-matters-most-to-whom-racial-ethnic-and-language-differences-in-the-health-care-experiences-most-important-to-patients
#1
Rebecca L Collins, Ann Haas, Amelia M Haviland, Marc N Elliott
BACKGROUND: Some aspects of patient experience are more strongly related to overall ratings of care than others, reflecting their importance to patients. However, little is known about whether the importance of different aspects of this experience differs across subgroups. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the aspects of health care most important to patients differ according to patient race, ethnicity, and language preference. RESEARCH DESIGN: In response to the 2013 Medicare Consumer Assessment of Health Plans Study (CAHPS) survey, patients rated their overall health care and completed items measuring five patient experience domains...
September 19, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930515/changes-in-transportation-related-air-pollution-exposures-by-race-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-status-outdoor-nitrogen-dioxide-in-the-united-states-in-2000-and-2010
#2
Lara P Clark, Dylan B Millet, Julian D Marshall
BACKGROUND: Disparities in exposure to air pollution by race-ethnicity and by socioeconomic status have been documented in the United States, but the impacts of declining transportation-related air pollutant emissions on disparities in exposure have not been studied in detail. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to estimate changes over time (2000 to 2010) in disparities in exposure to outdoor concentrations of a transportation-related air pollutant, nitrogen dioxide (NO2), in the United States...
September 14, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930066/alcohol-policies-and-alcohol-involved-homicide-victimization-in-the-united-states
#3
Timothy S Naimi, Ziming Xuan, Sharon M Coleman, Marlene C Lira, Scott E Hadland, Susanna E Cooper, Timothy C Heeren, Monica H Swahn
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between the alcohol policy environment and alcohol involvement in homicide victims in the United States, overall and by sociodemographic groups. METHOD: To characterize the alcohol policy environment, the presence, efficacy, and degree of implementation of 29 alcohol policies were used to determine Alcohol Policy Scale (APS) scores by state and year. Data about homicide victims from 17 states from 2003 to 2012 were obtained from the National Violent Death Reporting System...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930065/trends-in-perceived-access-to-marijuana-among-adolescents-in-the-united-states-2002-2015
#4
Christopher P Salas-Wright, Sehun Oh, Trenette Clark Goings, Michael G Vaughn
OBJECTIVE: There is concern that changes in marijuana-related policy and public opinion may lead to increased access to marijuana among young people in the United States. However, little research has been conducted on changes in youth's perceptions of marijuana access, and studies have yet to systematically examine trends in perceived access across key sociodemographic and externalizing behavioral subgroups. METHOD: Using population-based data collected between 2002 and 2015 as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, we examined trends in perceived marijuana access among non-Hispanic White, African American, and Hispanic adolescents (ages 12-17, n = 221,412)...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930056/developmentally-specific-associations-between-cnr1-genotype-and-cannabis-use-across-emerging-adulthood
#5
James R Ashenhurst, K Paige Harden, Travis T Mallard, William R Corbin, Kim Fromme
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have found preliminary evidence for associations between common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the cannabinoid receptor gene CNR1 and cannabis use and dependence. The present study examined a set of eight independent SNPs in or near CNR1 in relation to cannabis use measured longitudinally across emerging adulthood. METHOD: Using latent growth curve modeling of 10 waves of longitudinal data spanning mean ages 18.4-23.8 years in a sample of non-Hispanic White individuals (n = 334), we tested if genotype at each CNR1 SNP was associated with both level and growth of cannabis use over time...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929801/sports-team-participation-among-us-high-school-girls-1999-2015
#6
Alan E Simon, Sayeedha F G Uddin
Sports team participation has myriad benefits for girls. We used the 1999-2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a nationally representative survey of US high school students, to examine time trends in sports team participation. Data from 2015 alone were examined for current differences in participation by sex, race/ethnicity, grade, and weight status. For both analyses, unadjusted and adjusted logistic regressions, with team participation as the dependent variable, were used. In 2015, 53% of US high school girls participated in team sports...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929798/hispanic-ethnicity-and-the-risk-of-pediatric-leukemia-relapse
#7
Ernest K Amankwah, Greg A Hale
Limited knowledge currently exists on the disparity in pediatric leukemia relapse. This study compared the risk of pediatric leukemia relapse between Hispanic and non-Hispanic Whites. Study participants were children (<20 years) diagnosed with leukemia from January 2006 to December 2014 at the Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital, St. Petersburg, Florida. Hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals for relapse-free survival were calculated using adjusted Cox regression. The study included 35 Hispanic and 94 non-Hispanic Whites...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929272/hit-robbed-and-put-down-but-not-bullied-underreporting-of-bullying-by-minority-and-male-students
#8
Tianjian Lai, Grace Kao
To tackle adolescent bullying and identify students most vulnerable to being bullied, it is essential to examine both occurrences of bullying behaviors and students' own likelihoods of reporting bullying. This study examines ethnic and gender differences in students' odds of reporting bullying using the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002, a nationally representative study of United States high school sophomores (N = 15,362; ages 15-19; 50.2% female). Compared to White and female students, minority (particularly Black and Hispanic) and male students report comparable or greater experiences of bullying behaviors (such as being threatened, hit, put down by peers, or having belongings forced from them, stolen or damaged), but are less likely to report that they have been "bullied...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928957/update-on-umbilical-cord-blood-transplantation
#9
REVIEW
Karen Ballen
Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant is a curative procedure for many patients with leukemia, lymphoma, myelodysplasia, myeloproliferative neoplasms, and genetic disorders. Umbilical cord blood transplantation is a graft source for patients who do not have a matched donor in their family or in the unrelated registry. It is particularly difficult for Black, Hispanic, and White patients of non-Western European background to find fully matched adult volunteer donors. An estimated 700,000 umbilical cord blood units have been donated for public use, and over 40,000 umbilical cord blood transplantations have been performed...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928036/vitamin-d-and-blood-pressure-among-u-s-adults-a-cross-sectional-examination-by-race-ethnicity-and-gender
#10
Abhishek Vishnu, Vasudha Ahuja
INTRODUCTION: The cross-sectional association of serum vitamin D levels with blood pressure and hypertension status among a representative sample of U.S. adults was examined. METHODS: Participants of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2001 to 2010 were included in these analyses. Harmonizing of the vitamin D levels from 2001 to 2006 with vitamin D measurement from 2007 to 2010 was done using regression equations released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...
September 16, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927983/the-digital-divide-in-adoption-and-use-of-mobile-health-technology-among-caregivers-of-pediatric-surgery-patients
#11
Emma C Hamilton, Faiez Saiyed, Charles C Miller, Arturo Eguia, Alexandra C Fonseca, George P Baum, KuoJen Tsao, Mary T Austin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify mobile Health (mHealth) technology utilization among caregivers of pediatric surgery patients. METHODS: We provided a modified version of the 2012 mobile health survey from the Pew Research Center to English and Spanish-speaking caregivers of children aged <18years presenting to pediatric surgical outpatient clinics from June to July of 2016. RESULTS: A total of 171 caregivers completed the survey and included 57 (34%) whites, 30 (18%) blacks, 75 (44%) Hispanics, and 6 (4%) other races...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926626/do-privacy-and-security-regulations-need-a-status-update-perspectives-from-an-intergenerational-survey
#12
Stacey Pereira, Jill Oliver Robinson, Hayley A Peoples, Amanda M Gutierrez, Mary A Majumder, Amy L McGuire, Mark A Rothstein
BACKGROUND: The importance of health privacy protections in the era of the "Facebook Generation" has been called into question. The ease with which younger people share personal information about themselves has led to the assumption that they are less concerned than older generations about the privacy of their information, including health information. We explored whether survey respondents' views toward health privacy suggest that efforts to strengthen privacy protections as health information is moved online are unnecessary...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926508/racial-ethnic-variation-in-emergency-department-care-for-children-with-asthma
#13
Heather G Zook, Nathaniel R Payne, Susan E Puumala, Katherine M Ziegler, Anupam B Kharbanda
OBJECTIVE: To assess the variation between racial/ethnic groups in emergency department (ED) treatment of asthma for pediatric patients. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional analysis of pediatric (2-18 years) asthma visits among 6 EDs in the Upper Midwest between June 2011 and May 2012. We used mixed-effects logistic regression to assess the odds of receiving steroids, radiology tests, and returning to the ED within 30 days. We conducted a subanalysis of asthma visits where patients received at least 1 albuterol treatment in the ED...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925411/birthweight-and-cardiometabolic-risk-patterns-in-multiracial-children
#14
D Sun, T Wang, Y Heianza, T Huang, X Shang, J Lv, S Li, E Harville, W Chen, V Fonseca, L Qi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Prenatal growth, which is widely marked by birthweight, may have a pivotal role in affecting the lifelong risk of cardiometabolic disorders; however, comprehensive evaluation of its relations with childhood cardiometabolic risk patterns and the ethnic and gender disparities in national representative populations is still lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between birthweight and comprehensive patterns of cardiometabolic risk in a nationally representative sample of children and adolescents...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925347/positive-psychosocial-factors-and-cognition-in-ethnically-diverse-older-adults
#15
Laura B Zahodne, Caitlin W-M Watson, Sonia Seehra, Michelle N Martinez
OBJECTIVES: Cross-sectional and longitudinal evidence from largely non-Hispanic White cohorts suggests that positive psychosocial factors, particularly self-efficacy and social support, may protect against late-life cognitive decline. Identifying potentially protective factors in racial/ethnic minority elders is of high importance due to their increased risk of Alzheimer's disease. The overall goal of this study was to characterize cross-sectional associations between positive psychosocial factors and cognitive domains among Black, Hispanic, and White older adults...
September 19, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923881/dermal-carotenoid-measurement-is-inversely-related-to-anxiety-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#16
David G Li, Gabrielle LeCompte, Lev Golod, Gary Cecchi, David Irwin, Alden Harken, Amy Matecki
Breast cancer is the most prevalent malignancy among women worldwide. Increased oxidative stress and poor subjective health outcomes have been associated with increased risk of cancer recurrence and metastasis, but few studies until now have explored the relationship between oxidative stress and chronic stress/anxiety. This study aims to examine the association between anxiety and a potential dermal correlate of oxidative stress in patients with breast cancer. 102 breast cancer patients were enrolled in a cross-sectional study at Highland Hospital, a county hospital in Oakland, California...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923816/-finding-the-right-fit-rural-patient-preferences-for-fecal-immunochemical-test-fit-characteristics
#17
Robyn Pham, Suzanne Cross, Bianca Fernandez, Kathryn Corson, Kristen Dillon, Coco Yackley, Melinda M Davis
PURPOSE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third leading cause of cancer death in the United States, yet 1 in 3 Americans have never been screened for CRC. Annual screening using fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) is often a preferred modality in populations experiencing CRC screening disparities. Although multiple studies evaluate the clinical effectiveness of FITs, few studies assess patient preferences toward kit characteristics. We conducted this community-led study to assess patient preferences for FIT characteristics and to use study findings in concert with clinical effectiveness data to inform regional FIT selection...
September 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923187/gender-and-racial-ethnic-differences-in-sleep-duration-in-the-north-texas-heart-study
#18
Jessica R Dietch, Daniel J Taylor, Joshua M Smyth, Chul Ahn, Timothy W Smith, Bert N Uchino, Matthew Allison, John M Ruiz
OBJECTIVE: Short sleep duration has been linked with a wide array of poor mental and physical health outcomes. Such risks, however, may be moderated by demographic factors such as gender and race/ethnicity. In a diverse community sample, the current study examined the relationship between gender, race/ethnicity and objectively measured sleep duration, controlling for select potential confounds. METHODS: Participants were 300 community adults (50% female), aged 21 to 70 years, and included 60% non-Hispanic Whites, 15% non-Hispanic Blacks, 19% Hispanic/Latino, and 6% other...
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923169/self-care-difficulties-and-reliance-on-support-among-vulnerable-middle-aged-and-older-adults-with-chronic-conditions-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Matthew Lee Smith, Caroline D Bergeron, Seth D Riggle, Lu Meng, Samuel D Towne, SangNam Ahn, Marcia G Ory
OBJECTIVES: Chronic conditions are pervasive among middle-aged and older adults. This study identified: (1) factors associated with participants reporting difficulties self-managing their chronic condition(s); and (2) factors associated with participants' reliance on external sources for ongoing help and support to improve their health and manage their health conditions. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional data were collected using the National Council on Aging Chronic Care Survey, a nationally representative telephone survey of adults aged 45 years and older with at least one chronic condition...
October 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923052/accessing-physical-activity-among-young-adults-attending-a-university-the-role-of-sex-race-ethnicity-technology-use-and-sleep
#20
Samuel D Towne, Marcia G Ory, Matthew Lee Smith, S Camille Peres, Adam W Pickens, Ranjana K Mehta, Mark Benden
BACKGROUND: Identifying factors associated with recommended physical activity (PA) levels are critical in efforts to combat the obesity epidemic and related comorbidities. METHODS: We conducted cross-sectional analyses of college students (n = 490) enrolled in a large southern state university in October of 2014. Our aim was to identify sociodemographic characteristics, technology use, and sleep patterns among college students and their independent relationship to recommended PA...
September 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
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