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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107654/examining-the-link-between-nonmedical-use-of-sedatives-tranquilizers-and-pain-relievers-with-dispositions-toward-impulsivity-among-college-students
#1
Brittany E Blanchard, Angela K Stevens, Andrew K Littlefield, Amelia E Talley, Jennifer L Brown
BACKGROUND: The association between impulsive dispositions and the use of the central nervous system (CNS) depressant alcohol has been examined extensively; however, the links between other depressant use (sedatives, tranquilizers, and pain relievers) and impulsivity have been less studied, and findings have been equivocal. This may be due, in part, to varying operationalizations of "impulsivity," as well as issues related to the lumping versus splitting of various depressant substances when assessing use...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107532/social-determinants-of-hiv-disparities-in-the-southern-united-states-and-in-counties-with-historically-black-colleges-and-universities-hbcus-2013-2014
#2
Madeline Y Sutton, Simone C Gray, Kim Elmore, Zaneta Gaul
HIV infection disproportionately affects Blacks in the southern United States (U.S.), a region where legal policies that may unintentionally impede earlier HIV detection and treatment are prevalent. Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) have historically facilitated social change in communities of color and have been underexplored as partners for HIV prevention. We describe geographic and social determinants of health (SDH) in the southern U.S. to inform potential HBCU-public health partnerships that might improve HIV health equity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107318/culturally-sensitive-care-enlisting-community-partners-to-meet-mexican-american-caregiver-needs
#3
Carolyn Spence Cagle, Jo Nell Wells
BACKGROUND: Culturally sensitive interventions are needed to assist Mexican American (MA) patients with cancer and their family members in managing their care, navigating the healthcare system, and decreasing disparities in healthcare outcomes for Hispanics with cancer. 
. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to understand the meaning of culturally sensitive care for oncology clinic healthcare providers and to assess the usefulness and feasibility of the role of a promotora de salud to meet caregiver needs...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105578/america-s-churning-races-race-and-ethnicity-response-changes-between-census-2000-and-the-2010-census
#4
Carolyn A Liebler, Sonya R Porter, Leticia E Fernandez, James M Noon, Sharon R Ennis
A person's racial or ethnic self-identification can change over time and across contexts, which is a component of population change not usually considered in studies that use race and ethnicity as variables. To facilitate incorporation of this aspect of population change, we show patterns and directions of individual-level race and Hispanic response change throughout the United States and among all federally recognized race/ethnic groups. We use internal U.S. Census Bureau data from the 2000 and 2010 censuses in which responses have been linked at the individual level (N = 162 million)...
January 19, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104402/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-the-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos-metabolic-phenotype
#5
Lawrence Engmann, Susan Jin, Fangbai Sun, Richard S Legro, Alex J Polotsky, Karl R Hansen, Christos Coutifaris, Michael P Diamond, Esther Eisenberg, Heping Zhang, Nanette Santoro
BACKGROUND: Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome have a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Blacks and Hispanics have a high morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus in the general population. Since metabolic syndrome is a risk factor for development of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, understanding any racial and ethnic differences in metabolic syndrome amongst women with polycystic ovarian syndrome is important for prevention strategies...
January 16, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104108/persisting-hypocalcemia-after-surgical-parathyroidectomy-the-differential-effectiveness-of-calcium-citrate-versus-calcium-carbonate-with-acid-suppression
#6
Sabahat Afshan, Abdeen R Farah Musa, Vonda Echols, Anna A Lerant, Tibor Fülöp
The effectiveness of oral calcium (Ca) may be contingent on a patient׳s factors beyond compliance, such as proton-pump inhibitor use and the choice of calcium supplements. A 32-year-old Hispanic male with end-stage renal disease on peritoneal dialysis underwent successful surgical parathyroidectomy (intact parathyroid hormone level: 2,328pg/mL; postsurgical: 287-69pg/mL [normal: 8.5-72.5]). His postoperative course was complicated by severe and recurrent hypocalcemia as outpatient and he needed repeated admissions for intravenous Ca gluconate...
January 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103838/race-and-bmi-modify-associations-of-calcium-and-vitamin-d-intake-with-prostate-cancer
#7
Ken Batai, Adam B Murphy, Maria Ruden, Jennifer Newsome, Ebony Shah, Michael A Dixon, Elizabeth T Jacobs, Courtney M P Hollowell, Chiledum Ahaghotu, Rick A Kittles
BACKGROUND: African Americans have disproportionately higher burden of prostate cancer compared to European Americans. However, the cause of prostate cancer disparities is still unclear. Several roles have been proposed for calcium and vitamin D in prostate cancer pathogenesis and progression, but epidemiologic studies have been conducted mainly in European descent populations. Here we investigated the association of calcium and vitamin D intake with prostate cancer in multiethnic samples...
January 19, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103415/predictors-of-ptsd-symptom-change-among-outpatients-in-the-u-s-department-of-veterans-affairs-health-care-system
#8
Rebecca K Sripada, Paul N Pfeiffer, Jessica Rampton, Dara Ganoczy, Sheila A M Rauch, Melissa A Polusny, Kipling M Bohnert
Although the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has prioritized care for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), many patients with PTSD remain symptomatic. Patterns of PTSD symptom change are not well understood. Thus, the current study was designed to categorize and investigate potential predictors of symptom trajectories in patients with PTSD. The sample comprised 2,237 VA patients who were diagnosed with PTSD in 2013 and completed at least 4 PTSD Checklist (PCL) assessments over 12 weeks. Latent trajectory analysis was used to identify latent classes of patients based on PCL scores...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103159/the-effects-of-stimulant-medication-and-training-on-sports-competence-among-children-with-adhd
#9
Amy R Altszuler, Anne S Morrow, Brittany M Merrill, Shannon Bressler, Fiona L Macphee, Elizabeth M Gnagy, Andrew R Greiner, Stefany Coxe, Joseph S Raiker, Erika Coles, William E Pelham
The current study examined the relative efficacy of behavioral sports training, medication, and their combination in improving sports competence among youth with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Participants were 73 youth (74% male; 81% Hispanic) between the ages of 5 and 12 diagnosed with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.) ADHD enrolled in a Summer Treatment Program (STP). The study consisted of a 2 (medication: methylphenidate, placebo) × 2 (sports training: instruction and practice, recreational play) between-groups design and was conducted over a 3-week period during the STP...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103069/the-effect-of-minimum-wages-on-adolescent-fertility-a-nationwide-analysis
#10
Lindsey Rose Bullinger
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of minimum wage laws on adolescent birth rates in the United States. METHODS: I used a difference-in-differences approach and vital statistics data measured quarterly at the state level from 2003 to 2014. All models included state covariates, state and quarter-year fixed effects, and state-specific quarter-year nonlinear time trends, which provided plausibly causal estimates of the effect of minimum wage on adolescent birth rates...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103064/divergent-trends-in-us-maternity-and-paternity-leave-1994-2015
#11
Jay L Zagorsky
OBJECTIVES: To determine the number and type of US workers taking maternity or paternity leave. METHODS: We created a publicly available ecological long-term series for measuring parental leave from 1994 to 2015 by using the Current Population Survey, which interviews about 60 000 randomly selected households monthly. RESULTS: The average month from 1994 to 2015 saw 273 000 women and 13 000 men on maternity or paternity leave. Maternity leave rates per 10 000 births showed no trend over 22 years (mean = 677...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103061/cardiometabolic-mortality-by-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-participation-and-eligibility-in-the-united-states
#12
Zach Conrad, Colin D Rehm, Parke Wilde, Dariush Mozaffarian
OBJECTIVES: To investigate total and cause-specific cardiometabolic mortality among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants, SNAP-eligible nonparticipants, and SNAP-ineligible individuals overall and by age, gender, race/ethnicity, and other characteristics. METHODS: We performed a prospective study with nationally representative survey data from the National Health Interview Survey (2000-2009), merged with subsequent Public-Use Linked Mortality Files (2000-2011)...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100903/rhodoccocus-equi-pneumonia-and-paradoxical-immune-reconstitution-inflammatory-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-aids
#13
Ritika Zijoo, Ahmed Dirweesh, Nigahus Karabulut
BACKGROUND Pulmonary infections are a major cause of mortality and morbidity in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and can progress rapidly to respiratory failure and death without appropriate therapy. Herein, we present a rare case of an advanced HIV infection and Rhodoccocus equi (R. equi) pneumonia in a young male who had severe paradoxical immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). CASE REPORT A 47-year-old nonsmoking Hispanic man with advanced HIV infection presented with severe acute necrotizing pneumonia secondary to R...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100725/genome-wide-association-study-identifies-mapt-locus-influencing-human-plasma-tau-levels
#14
Jason Chen, Jin-Tai Yu, Kevin Wojta, Hui-Fu Wang, Henrik Zetterberg, Kaj Blennow, Jennifer S Yokoyama, Michael W Weiner, Joel H Kramer, Howard Rosen, Bruce L Miller, Giovanni Coppola, Adam L Boxer
OBJECTIVE: To identify genetic loci associated with plasma tau concentrations in healthy elders and individuals with Alzheimer disease. METHODS: Four hundred sixty-three non-Hispanic white individuals exceeding quality control criteria were included from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI-1) cohort. Association of plasma tau with genetic polymorphisms was performed with a linear regression model. Significant associations were validated in an independent replication cohort consisting of 431 healthy elders or individuals with mild cognitive impairment recruited from the University of California, San Francisco Memory and Aging Center...
January 18, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100573/mucormycosis-pulmonary-abscess-containment-in-a-patient-with-uncontrolled-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Faraz Jaffer, Norman Beatty, Kareem Ahmad
A 56-year-old Hispanic male with solo risk factor of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus presented with recurrent haemoptysis. Initial concern was for malignancy with postobstructive pneumonia; however, invasive testing and biopsy confirmed infectious mass of fungal aetiology requiring surgical resection followed by a prolonged course of anti-fungal therapy. Discussion centred on approach to, progression of and course of action in the management of pulmonary abscess due to mucormycosis.
January 18, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099619/conservative-surgical-management-of-in-situ-subungual-melanoma-long-term-follow-up
#16
Mariana Catalina De Anda-Juárez, María Abril Martínez-Velasco, Verónica Fonte-Ávalos, Sonia Toussaint-Caire, Judith Domínguez-Cherit
Subungual melanoma represents 20% of all melanomas in Hispanic population. Here, we report the outcome of 15 patients with in situ subungual melanoma treated with resection of the nail unit with a 5-mm margin without amputation, followed up for 55.93 ± 43.08 months. The most common complications included inclusion cysts and nail spicules. We found no evidence of local or distant recurrences at the last visit of our follow up. Functional outcome was good, with only one patient reporting persistent mild pain...
November 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099427/exposure-to-bisphenols-and-phthalates-and-association-with-oxidant-stress-insulinn-resistance-and-endothelial-dysfunction-in-children
#17
Anglina Kataria, Dov Levine, Sara Wertenteil, Suzanne Vento, Jingchuan Xue, Karthikraj Rajendiran, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Joshua M Thurman, Debra Morrison, Rachel Brody, Elaine Urbina, Teresa Attina, Leonardo Trasande, Howard Trachtman
BACKGROUND: The health effects of bisphenol A (BPA) and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) have been studied extensively in children. The impact of other chemicals in these two classes has not been investigated as fully. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional pilot study of 10-13 year old healthy children. We assessed descriptive, univariable and multivariable associations of urinary metabolites of bisphenols and phthalates with oxidant stress, insulin resistance, body mass, and endothelial dysfunction...
January 18, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099190/coagulation-imbalance-and-neurocognitive-functioning-in-older-hiv-adults-on-suppressive-antiretroviral-therapy
#18
Jessica L Montoya, Jennifer Iudicello, Hannah A Oppenheim, Pariya L Fazeli, Michael Potter, Qing Ma, Paul J Mills, Ronald J Ellis, Igor Grant, Scott L Letendre, David J Moore
OBJECTIVES: To compare plasma biomarkers of coagulation between HIV-infected individuals and HIV-uninfected controls and to assess the impact of disturbances in coagulation on neurocognitive functioning in HIV. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of 66 antiretroviral therapy-treated virally suppressed HIV-infected and 34 HIV-uninfected older (≥50 years of age) adults. METHODS: Participants completed standardized neurobehavioral and neuromedical assessments...
January 17, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099072/re-cigarette-smoking-and-breast-cancer-risk-in-hispanic-and-non-hispanic-white-women-the-breast-cancer-health-disparities-study-by-conner-et-al-j-womens-health-larchmt-2016-25-299-310
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097296/long-term-postprocedural-outcomes-of-palliative-emergency-stenting-vs-stoma-in-malignant-large-bowel-obstruction
#20
Jonathan S Abelson, Heather L Yeo, Jialin Mao, Jeffrey W Milsom, Art Sedrakyan
Importance: Colonic stenting was introduced for palliation of malignant large-bowel obstruction (MLBO) more than 20 years ago but remains controversial. Objective: To compare outcomes after palliative stenting vs stoma creation in patients with MLBO requiring emergency management. Design, Setting, and Participants: This observational cohort study assessed 345 patients from New York State with an urgent or emergency admission to the hospital for obstruction secondary to colorectal cancer and who underwent stenting or stoma creation from October 1, 2009, through December 31, 2013...
January 11, 2017: JAMA Surgery
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