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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786848/annual-report-to-the-nation-on-the-status-of-cancer-part-i-national-cancer-statistics
#1
Kathleen A Cronin, Andrew J Lake, Susan Scott, Recinda L Sherman, Anne-Michelle Noone, Nadia Howlader, S Jane Henley, Robert N Anderson, Albert U Firth, Jiemin Ma, Betsy A Kohler, Ahmedin Jemal
BACKGROUND: The American Cancer Society (ACS), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Cancer Institute (NCI), and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR) collaborate to provide annual updates on cancer occurrence and trends in the United States. METHODS: Incidence data were obtained from the CDC-funded and NCI-funded population-based cancer registry programs and compiled by NAACCR. Data on cancer deaths were obtained from the National Center for Health Statistics National Vital Statistics System...
May 22, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784522/expanding-couples-based-hiv-testing-and-counseling-in-the-united-states-findings-from-a-nationwide-online-survey-of-partnered-adults
#2
Ji-Young Lee, Jason W Mitchell
Couples-based HIV testing and counseling (CHTC) is currently available only for gay male couples in the United States, but other types of couples could benefit from this service. Our cross-sectional, online study collected data from 536 partnered adults to assess interest in using CHTC and associated factors. Adjusted odds ratios were calculated with ordinal logistic regression to analyze factors associated with greater interest in using CHTC. Most participants were female, White, non-Hispanic, and/or students who were dating exclusively and sexually active...
April 23, 2018: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784513/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection
#3
Karen B Fowler, Shannon A Ross, Masako Shimamura, Amina Ahmed, April L Palmer, Marian G Michaels, David I Bernstein, Pablo J Sánchez, Kristina N Feja, Audra Stewart, Suresh Boppana
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of race and ethnicity upon the prevalence and clinical spectrum of congenital cytomegalovirus infection (cCMV). STUDY DESIGN: From 2007 to 2012, 100 332 infants from 7 medical centers were screened for cCMV while in the hospital. Ethnicity and race were collected and cCMV prevalence rates were calculated. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of cCMV in the cohort was 4.5 per 1000 live births (95% CI, 4.1-4.9)...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784115/estimated-prevalence-of-psychiatric-comorbidities-in-u-s-adolescents-with-depression-by-race-ethnicity-2011-2012
#4
Bridget E Weller, Kathryn L Blanford, Ashley M Butler
PURPOSE: Comorbid psychiatric conditions in adolescents with depression are a public health concern. However, little is known about the prevalence of comorbidities in separate racial/ethnic groups. This study estimated the national prevalence of comorbidities for black, Hispanic, and white adolescents separately, and compared the prevalence of comorbidities between adolescents with and without depression. METHODS: This secondary analysis used data from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health, a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey of U...
June 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783794/missed-work-due-to-occupational-illness-among-hispanic-horse-workers
#5
Ashley M Bush, Susan Westneat, Steven R Browning, Jennifer Swanberg
Occupational illnesses are inadequately reported for agriculture, an industry dominated by a vulnerable Hispanic population and high fatal and nonfatal injury rates. Work-related illnesses can contribute to missed work, caused by a combination of personal and work factors, with costs to the individual, employer, and society. To better understand agricultural occupational illnesses, 225 Hispanic horse workers were interviewed via community-based convenience sampling. Descriptive statistics, bivariate analyses, and log binomial regression modeling were used to: (1) describe the prevalence of missed work due to work-related illnesses among Hispanic horse workers, (2) examine work-related and personal factors associated with missed work, and (3) identify health symptoms and work-related characteristics potentially associated with missed work...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783040/contribution-of-previable-live-births-to-disparity-in-infant-mortality-of-us-born-puerto-ricans-compared-with-infants-of-other-hispanic-origins
#6
E S Hall, M Lee, E A DeFranco
OBJECTIVES: Although US-born Hispanics experience infant mortality rates (IMRs) which are lower than the national rate, within the Hispanic population, infants of Puerto Rican origin experience higher IMRs than other Hispanics. We aimed to describe the contribution of deaths among previable live-born infants to disparity in IMRs comparing Puerto Rican infants to infants of other Hispanic origins. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, descriptive analysis. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) WONDER online database representing linked US live births and infant deaths from 2005 to 2014...
May 18, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782937/health-disparities-among-children-with-asthma-in-the-u-s-by-place-of-residence
#7
Patrick W Sullivan, Vahram Ghushchyan, Abhishek Kavati, Prakash Navaratnam, Howard S Friedman, B Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Children residing in poor-urban areas may have greater asthma morbidity. It is unclear if this is due to individual characteristics like race and ethnicity or place of residence. OBJECTIVE: Assess indicators of control and treatment by residence. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of children (aged 1-17) in the 2000-2014 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS). Indicators of poor control included use of > 3 canisters of short-acting beta agonist (SABA) in 3 months, asthma attack, and Emergency Department (ED) or inpatient (IP) visit during the year...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781922/screening-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-after-cervical-cancer-screening-guideline-and-medicaid-policy-changes-a-population-based-analysis
#8
Natasha Parekh, Julie M Donohue, Jennifer Corbelli, Aiju Men, David Kelley, Marian Jarlenski
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening prevents complications and is cost-effective. Annual screening is recommended in sexually active women <25 years and older women at increased risk. Cervical cancer (CC) screening guideline changes in 2009 and 2012 recommended less frequent screening, causing concern that STI screening would decrease. Pennsylvania Medicaid implemented a family planning program in 2007 which covered women's health services (including STI testing) for uninsured women...
May 17, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781916/the-role-of-family-of-origin-in-current-lifestyle-choices-a-qualitative-secondary-data-analysis-of-interracial-and-same-race-couples
#9
Ana Laura Fonseca, Jill Koyama, Emily A Butler
Many Americans are in poor health. This is acute for racial/ethnic minorities compared with the Non-Hispanic white population. A grounded theory approach was used to analyze semistructured qualitative interviews to identify perceptions of family-of-origin lifestyle choices in same-race and interracial couples. Several central themes emerged from the data including influence of family-of-origin eating patterns, lack of family-of-origin importance for physical activity, and romantic partner influence in eating and exercise...
July 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781631/critical-consciousness-and-intent-to-persist-through-college-in-daca-and-u-s-citizen-students-the-role-of-immigration-status-race-and-ethnicity
#10
Germán A Cadenas, Bianca L Bernstein, Terence J G Tracey
OBJECTIVES: We used the model of critical consciousness (CC; Freire, 1973) to examine college persistence in a sample of Hispanic Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) college students in contrast to Hispanic and non-Hispanic White U.S. citizens. To do this, we looked to social cognitive career theory (Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994) to clarify the development of CC and its association with college persistence in students facing marginalization due to immigration status and racial/ethnic identity...
May 21, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781465/hpv-literacy-the-role-of-english-proficiency-in-korean-american-immigrant-women
#11
Hee Yun Lee, Y Joon Choi, Young Ji Yoon, Jennifer Oh
BACKGROUND: Although Korean American women have one of the highest cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates among all Asian American and non-Hispanic White women, they are less likely to receive the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to prevent cervical cancer. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine Korean American women's HPV literacy and factors related to HPV literacy to identify targeted intervention strategies. METHODS: A quota sampling strategy was used to recruit 243 Korean American women aged 19-85 years in the Atlanta, Georgia, metropolitan area...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781393/emotional-availability-scale-among-three-u-s-race-ethnic-groups
#12
Della J Derscheid, Louis F Fogg, Wrenetha Julion, Mary E Johnson, Sharon Tucker, Kathleen R Delaney
This study used a cross-sectional design to conduct a subgroup psychometric analysis of the Emotional Availability Scale among matched Hispanic ( n = 20), African American ( n = 20), and European American ( n = 10) English-speaking mother-child dyads in the United States. Differences by race/ethnicity were tested ( p < .05) among (a) Emotional Availability Scale dimensions with ANOVA, and (b) relationships of Emotional Availability Scale dimensions with select Dyadic Parent-Child Interaction Coding System variables with Pearson correlation and matched moderated regression...
May 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780945/treatment-challenges-in-an-atypical-presentation-of-tubulointerstitial-nephritis-and-uveitis-tinu
#13
Sonny Caplash, Sapna Gangaputra, Shilpa Kodati, Shamir Tuchman, Hemalatha Srinivasalu, H Nida Sen
Purpose: To describe an atypical presentation of Tubulointerstitial Nephritis and Uveitis (TINU), with challenges in treatment course. Observations: A 12-year-old Hispanic female presented to the National Eye Institute's Uveitis clinic with bilateral blurred vision, red eyes and photophobia, not responsive to topical steroids. On exam, she had bilateral severe panuveitis with areas of subretinal fluid. During her evaluation, she was noted to have elevated serum creatinine...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780790/association-of-youth-characteristics-and-recent-utilization-of-dental-services-in-the-united-states
#14
Ilana R A Chertok, Nathaniel Chertok, Zelalem T Haile, Bhakti Chavan
Background: Oral health is important for overall health of youth, although dental service utilization is lower than national goals. The purpose of the study was to identify sociodemographic and health behavioral characteristics of youth in the United States who reported having at least one dental visit in the past 12 months. Methods: Secondary data analysis was conducted using the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) to examine factors associated with dental care utilization using Andersen's theory-based Behavioral Model of Health Care Utilization...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780766/racial-ethnic-differences-in-health-insurance-adequacy-and-consistency-among-children-evidence-from-the-2011-12-national-survey-of-children-s-health
#15
Tulay G Soylu, Eman Elashkar, Fatemah Aloudah, Munir Ahmed, Panagiota Kitsantas
Background: Surveillance of disparities in healthcare insurance, services and quality of care among children are critical for properly serving the medical/healthcare needs of underserved populations. The purpose of this study was to assess racial/ethnic differences in children's (0 to 17 years old) health insurance adequacy and consistency (child has insurance coverage for the last 12 months). Design and methods: We used data from the 2011/2012 National Survey of Children's Health (n=79,474)...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779261/better-diet-quality-is-associated-with-lower-odds-of-severe-periodontitis-in-us-hispanics-latinos
#16
Christian R Salazar, Nadia Laniado, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Luisa N Borrell, Qibin Qi, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Douglas E Morse, Richard H Singer, Robert C Kaplan, Victor Badner, Ira B Lamster
AIM: We investigated the cross-sectional association between diet quality and severe periodontitis in a sample of diverse Hispanics from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 13,920 Hispanic/Latinos aged 18-74 years of different heritages underwent a full-mouth oral examination and completed two 24hr dietary recalls during 2008-2011. Severe periodontitis was defined as having ≥30% tooth sites with clinical attachment loss ≥ 5mm...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779259/periodontal-status-among-elderly-inhabitants-of-northern-manhattan-the-whicap-ancillary-study-of-oral-health
#17
Jaffer A Shariff, Sandra Burkett, Caitlin Wei-Ming Watson, Bin Cheng, James M Noble, Panos N Papapanou
AIM: We conducted a cross-sectional study of the prevalence, extent and severity of periodontitis in a tri-ethnic cohort of ≥65 year-old participants of the Washington-Heights Inwood Community Aging Project (WHICAP). METHODS: 1,130 individuals (57% of eligible invitees) participated in a full-mouth periodontal examination that included assessments of bleeding on probing, pocket depth and clinical attachment loss (CAL) at six sites/tooth. RESULTS: Participants had a mean age of 75...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778652/frailty-and-diabetes-among-mexican-american-older-adults
#18
Bret T Howrey, Soham Al Snih, Kyriakos S Markides, Kenneth J Ottenbacher
PURPOSE: Progressive physical frailty in older adults is associated with increased risk of falls, disability, institutionalization, and mortality. Although associations between diabetes and frailty have been observed, the impact of diabetes on frailty in older Hispanics is largely unexplored. We examine the association of diabetes on the odds of frailty among older Mexican Americans. METHODS: Using data from the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly from 1995 until 2012, frailty was assessed by slow gait, weak hand grip strength, exhaustion, and unexplained weight loss (n = 1327)...
April 26, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778607/cost-effectiveness-of-gastric-cancer-screening-according-to-race-and-ethnicity
#19
Monica Saumoy, Yecheskel Schneider, Nicole Shen, Michel Kahaleh, Reem Z Sharaiha, Shailja C Shah
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There are marked racial and ethnic differences in noncardia gastric cancer prevalence within the United States (US). Although gastric cancer screening is recommended in regions of high prevalence, screening is not routinely performed in the US. Our objective was to determine whether selected noncardia gastric cancer screening for high-risk races and ethnicities within the US is cost effective. METHODS: We developed a decision analytic Markov model with the base case of a 50-year-old person of non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, or Asian race or ethnicity...
May 17, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778313/pregnancy-survey-of-smoking-and-alcohol-use-in-south-dakota-american-indian-and-white-mothers
#20
Bonny L Specker, Howard E Wey, Maggie Minett, Tianna M Beare
INTRODUCTION: American Indian populations are believed to have relatively high tobacco use and alcohol consumption before and during pregnancy compared with other populations despite little evidence. METHODS: Population-based survey distributed 2-6 months postpartum to 1,814 South Dakota mothers having a live birth in 2014. Prevalence of self-reported smoking and alcohol use before and during pregnancy were calculated for American Indian and white mothers and AORs were determined controlling for Hispanic status, marital status, age, education, and income...
May 16, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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