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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166253/hepatitis-c-virus-patients-risk-factors-and-knowledge-in-an-urban-clinic-providing-wound-care
#1
Barbara Pieper, Katharine Sickon
INTRODUCTION: Affecting about 3.2 million people in the United States, hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the primary cause of chronic liver disease and a global health challenge. Hepatitis C virus can affect the functioning of the liver, the health of the person, and thus wound healing. OBJECTIVE: This quality project explores risk factors of HCV; self-reported screening, occurrence, and treatment; and knowledge of HCV in patients seeking wound care in an urban clinic...
November 20, 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166251/risk-of-diabetes-mellitus-among-medicaid-beneficiaries-in-hawaii
#2
Dongmei Li, Chuan C Chinn, Ritabelle Fernandes, Christina M B Wang, Myra D Smith, Rebecca Rude Ozaki
INTRODUCTION: Medicaid is the largest primary health insurance for low-income populations in the United States, and it provides comprehensive benefits to cover treatment and services costs for chronic diseases, including diabetes. The standardized per capita spending on diabetes by Medicare beneficiaries enrolled in the fee-for-service program in Hawaii increased from 2012 to 2015. We examined the difference in odds of diabetes between Medicaid and non-Medicaid populations in major racial/ethnic groups in Hawaii...
November 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166212/hispanic-populations-veterans-and-symptom-assessment
#3
E Sherwood Brown, Alan I Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165161/rare-variants-of-rnf213-and-moyamoya-non-moyamoya-intracranial-artery-stenosis-occlusion-disease-risk-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#4
Xin Liao, Jing Deng, Wenjie Dai, Tong Zhang, Junxia Yan
BACKGROUND: The p.R4810K and other rare variants of ring finger protein 213 gene (RNF213) were illustrated as susceptibility variants for moyamoya (MMD) and non-moyamoya intracranial artery stenosis/occlusion disease (ICASO) recently. However, the effect sizes of p.R4810K were in great discrepancy even in studies of the same ethnic population and firm conclusions of other rare variants have been elusive given the small sample sizes and lack of replication. Thus, we performed this study to quantitatively evaluate whether or to what extent the rare variants of RNF213 contribute to MMD and ICASO in different populations...
November 2, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164940/applying-ecological-frameworks-in-obesity-intervention-studies-in-hispanic-latino-youth-a-systematic-review
#5
Carmen Kiraly, Melanie T Turk, Melissa A Kalarchian, Cheryl Shaffer
INTRODUCTION: In the United States, Hispanic children have higher rates of obesity compared with non-Hispanic White children. An ecological framework provides a holistic view of the environment to which Hispanic/Latino children are exposed that can potentially inform prevention and treatment initiatives for this vulnerable population. METHOD: This systematic review examines the existing evidence on the use of an ecological framework in intervention studies targeting overweight and obesity in Hispanic youth from birth to 8 years...
September 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164935/hispanic-health-care-international-gu%C3%A3-a-de-autores
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164933/the-influence-of-acculturation-on-traumatic-stress-following-childbirth-among-hispanic-adolescents
#7
Cheryl Anderson, Sarah Strickland
INTRODUCTION: Many studies have explored the role of acculturation on health outcomes; however, no studies to date have examined relationships between acculturation and the traumatic stress of childbirth among Hispanic adolescents. METHOD: A convenience sample of 66 Hispanic adolescents 13 to 19 years of age completed the Acculturation Rating Scale for Mexican Americans-II (ARSMA-II), a demographic sheet, birth appraisal scale, and the Impact of Event Scale within 72 hours of birth...
September 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164932/development-of-the-spanish-language-houston-pain-outcome-instrument-for-spanish-speakers
#8
Jeanette McNeill, Gwen Sherwood
PURPOSE: To address reported disparities in pain management among Hispanic patients, this article reports the psychometrics of the newly developed Spanish language Houston Pain Outcome Instrument (HPOI) with postoperative Hispanic patients. METHODS: Findings from qualitative interviews conducted with 35 self-identified Hispanics in Phase 1 of the overall project were used to generate items for a new Spanish language instrument, Cuestionario de Houston Sobre el Dolor (HPOI)...
January 1, 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164912/a-community-based-approach-to-assessing-the-physical-emotional-and-health-status-of-hispanic-breast-cancer-survivors
#9
Ana C Sanchez-Birkhead, Sara Carbajal-Salisbury, Jorge Arce Larreta, Leslie Lovlien, Hilary Hendricks, Catherine Dingley, Susan L Beck
INTRODUCTION: Latina breast cancer survivors in the United States face disproportionate risk for poorer quality of life and physical health, as well as greater emotional distress. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted to describe the physical, emotional, and general health status of 135 Latina breast cancer survivors served by a community-based program. RESULTS: Of the 135 surveys sent, 48 survivors responded. Of those who responded, time since diagnosis ranged from 0 to 24 years ( M = 4...
January 1, 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164500/three-dimensions-of-change-in-school-segregation-a-grade-period-cohort-analysis
#10
Jeremy E Fiel, Yongjun Zhang
This study uses the first age-period-cohort (APC) analysis of segregation to examine changes in U.S. public school segregation from 1999-2000 to 2013-2014. APC analyses disentangle distinct sources of change in segregation, and they account for grade effects that could distort temporal trends if grade distributions change over time. Findings indicate that grade effects are substantial, drastically reducing segregation at the transition to middle school and further at the transition to high school. These grade effects do not substantially distort the analysis of recent trends, however, because grade distributions were sufficiently stable...
November 21, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164254/effect-of-oral-insulin-on-prevention-of-diabetes-in-relatives-of-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Jeffrey P Krischer, Desmond A Schatz, Brian Bundy, Jay S Skyler, Carla J Greenbaum
Importance: Type 1 diabetes requires major lifestyle changes and carries increased morbidity and mortality. Prevention or delay of diabetes would have major clinical effect. Objective: To determine whether oral insulin delays onset of type 1 diabetes in autoantibody-positive relatives of patients with type 1 diabetes. Design, Setting, and Participants: Between March 2, 2007, and December 21, 2015, relatives with at least 2 autoantibodies, including insulin autoantibodies and normal glucose tolerance, were enrolled in Canada, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Italy, Sweden, Finland, and Germany...
November 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164160/use-of-phenobarbital-in-delirium-tremens
#12
Jeffrey Fujimoto, Jerry J Lou, Antonio M Pessegueiro
The standard of care for alcohol withdrawal centers on the use of escalating doses of benzodiazepines until clinical improvement is achieved. However, there is no established standard in the care of patients with severe alcohol withdrawal and delirium tremens that is refractory to benzodiazepine therapy. One potential therapy that is gaining traction is the use of phenobarbital, which may be mechanistically superior to benzodiazepines in treating delirium tremens because of its effects on GABA and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors...
October 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163729/prevalence-comorbidity-and-investigation-of-anemia-in-the-primary-care-office
#13
Shivani Jatin Gandhi, Iris Hagans, Karim Nathan, Krystal Hunter, Satyajeet Roy
Background: Anemia has a myriad of causes and its prevalence is growing. Anemia is associated with increased all-cause hospitalization and mortality in community-dwelling individuals above age 65 years. Our aim was to determine the prevalence and severity of anemia in adult patients in our primary care office and to determine the relationship between anemia and medical comorbidities. Methods: Electronic medical records of 499 adult patients in our suburban internal medicine office were reviewed who had had at least one hemoglobin value and did not undergo moderate to high-risk surgery in the preceding 30 days...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162605/changes-in-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-efflux-capacity-after-bariatric-surgery-are-procedure-dependent
#14
Sean P Heffron, BingXue Lin, Manish Parikh, Bianca Scolaro, Steven J Adelman, Heidi L Collins, Jeffrey S Berger, Edward A Fisher
OBJECTIVE: High-density lipoprotein cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC) is inversely associated with incident cardiovascular events, independent of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Obesity is often characterized by impaired high-density lipoprotein function. However, the effects of different bariatric surgical techniques on CEC have not been compared. This study sought to determine the effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on CEC. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We prospectively studied severely obese, nondiabetic, premenopausal Hispanic women not using lipid medications undergoing RYGB (n=31) or SG (n=36)...
November 21, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162389/is-cryptogenic-cirrhosis-different-from-nash-cirrhosis
#15
Paul J Thuluvath, Sergey Kantsevoy, Avesh J Thuluvath, Yulia Savva
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We hypothesized that patients currently diagnosed as CC have truly 'cryptogenic' liver disease, and unlikely to have evolved from NASH. METHODS: To investigate this, we compared the clinical characteristics of adults with CC (n=7,999) with NASH (n=11,302), alcohol (AC, n=21,714) and autoimmune hepatitis (AIH, n=3,447) using the UNOS database from 2002-16. We performed an age, gender and year of listing matched comparison of CC and NASH (n= 7,201 in each group), and also stratified by the presence of obesity or diabetes mellitus (DM)...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162192/does-striving-to-succeed-come-at-a-physiological-or-psychosocial-cost-for-adults-who-experienced-child-maltreatment
#16
Jenalee R Doom, Vivienne M Hazzard, Katherine W Bauer, Cari Jo Clark, Alison L Miller
While striving to succeed in the face of adversity may provide individuals with outward benefits, it may come at a cost to individuals' physical health. The current study examines whether striving predicts greater physiological or psychosocial costs among those who experienced child maltreatment, a stressor that disrupts the caregiving environment and threatens relationship security. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we tested whether greater striving after childhood maltreatment would come at a cost, increasing underlying cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and depressive symptoms despite showing outward success via income and college degree attainment...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161631/perceived-epilepsy-stigma-mediates-relationships-between-personality-and-social-well-being-in-a-diverse-epilepsy-population
#17
Seth A Margolis, Luba Nakhutina, Sarah G Schaffer, Arthur C Grant, Jeffrey S Gonzalez
INTRODUCTION: Perceived epilepsy stigma and reduced social well-being are prevalent sources of distress in people with epilepsy (PWE). Yet, research on patient-level correlates of these difficulties is lacking, especially among underserved groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Racially/ethnically diverse adults with intractable seizures (N=60, 62% female; 79% Black, 20% Hispanic/Latino, 8% White) completed validated measures of personality (NEO Five Factor Inventory, NEO-FFI-3), perceived epilepsy stigma (Epilepsy Stigma Scale, ESS), and quality of life (Quality of Life Inventory in Epilepsy, QOLIE-89)...
November 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161175/performance-discrepancies-on-the-boston-naming-test-in-african-american-and-non-hispanic-white-american-young-adults
#18
Sabrina Na, Tricia Z King
The Boston Naming Test (BNT) is one of the most commonly used naming measures in neuropsychology. Although research in the older adult population has shown that African-American (AA) adults perform more poorly on the BNT than non-Hispanic White American (WA) adults, these findings have yet to be replicated in younger adults. The BNT and measures of word reading (WJ-Letter Word ID) and vocabulary (Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence Vocabulary) were administered to 50 WA and 33 AA young adults. Performance was age-normed based on published norms and transformed into z-scores...
November 21, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161072/sexual-assertiveness-skills-and-sexual-decision-making-in-adolescent-girls-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-online-program
#19
Laura Widman, Carol E Golin, Kristyn Kamke, Jeni L Burnette, Mitchell J Prinstein
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of an interactive, Web-based sexual health program (Health Education and Relationship Training [HEART]) for developing sexual assertiveness skills and enhancing sexual decision-making in adolescent girls. METHODS: Participants were 222 tenth-grade girls (mean age = 15.2; 38% White, 29% Hispanic, 25% Black) in the Southeastern United States who were randomized in fall 2015 to the HEART intervention or an attention-matched control...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160960/risk-of-past-year-injury-related-to-hours-of-exposure-to-an-elevated-bac-and-average-monthly-alcohol-volume-data-from-four-national-alcohol-surveys-2000-2015
#20
Cheryl J Cherpitel, Yu Ye, William C Kerr
BACKGROUND: While a strong association exists between alcohol and injury in emergency department (ED) studies, these studies are not representative of the general population. OBJECTIVE: The association of injury with the number of hours of exposure to a BAC ≥ 0.05 and average monthly volume in drinks, both based on self-report of quantity and frequency of drinking in the last year, in a merged sample of respondents (n=29,571) from four U.S. National Alcohol Surveys (2000-2015) is analyzed...
November 21, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
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