Read by QxMD icon Read


Conor P Kerley, Eamon Dolan, Philip E James, Liam Cormican
Dietary nitrate has been shown to increase nitrate/nitrite levels and decrease blood pressure (BP) in multiple populations. There are few reports among hypertensives and these reports have provided conflicting evidence. We aimed to assess the effect of daily nitrate compared with placebo in subjects with uncontrolled hypertension (HTN). On day 0, hypertensives wore an ambulatory BP monitor (ABPM) for 24 h and blood was taken. Subjects were then randomised to 7-d nitrate-rich beetroot juice (NO3 -) (12·9 mmol nitrate) followed by 7-d nitrate-depleted beetroot juice (0·5 mmol nitrate) or vice versa...
March 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Tianming Zhao, Jixiang Ni, Xuehua Hu, Yingnan Wang, Xinge Du
Thrombolysis and anticoagulation were the main treatment methods for acute pulmonary embolism. However, the use of thrombolysis drugs may lead to bleeding complications. We compared intermittent low-dose urokinase (UK) and alteplase (recombinant tissue plasminogen activator [rt-PA]) in normotensive patients with intermediate-high-risk pulmonary embolism. The UK group was treated with intravenous UK 10 000 U/kg once a day for 7 days. The rt-PA group was given alteplase 50 mg by intravenous injection within 2 hours of admission...
January 1, 2018: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
Kai-Lun Liang, Ping Fang, Qiu-Qiu Shi, Jie Su, Bo Li, Su-Hong Chen, Gui-Yuan Lv
This study aimed to investigate the antihypertensive effect and possible mechanism of Dendrobium officinale flos on hypertensive rats induced by high glucose and high fat compound alcohol. The hypertensive models were successfully made by high-glucose and high-fat diet, with gradient drinking for 4 weeks, and then divided into model control group, valsartan (5.7 mg·kg⁻¹) positive control group and D. officinale flos groups (3,1 g·kg⁻¹). After 6 weeks of treatment, the blood pressure of rats was measured regularly...
January 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Jing Tian, Rong Lv, Wei Guo
Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy, myocardial fibrosis and diastolic dysfunction, which are uncorrelated with underlying coronary artery disease or hypertension. As an important metabolic organelle, mitochondria directly involve the process of cell growth, proliferation, signal transduction, apoptosis and so on. Recent studies have demonstrated a close correlation between the mitochondrial dysfunction and the pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy. The underlying effects of mitochondrial dysfunction in the progress of diabetic cardiomyopathy involve disturbed metabolism, oxidative stress, defective calcium handling, mitochondrial uncoupling, apoptosis, imbalance of mitochondrial quality control and regulation of MicroRNAs...
January 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Joanie Mercier, An Tang, Mélanie Morin, Marie-Claude Lemieux, Samir Khalifé, Barbara Reichetzer, Chantale Dumoulin
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The internal pudendal artery (IPA) is one of the main arteries supplying the pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) and vulvo-vaginal tissues. Its assessment with color Doppler ultrasound has been documented previously, but the reliability of IPA measurements has never been assessed. This study evaluates the test-retest reliability of IPA blood flow parameters measured by color Doppler ultrasound under two conditions: at rest and after a PFM contraction task. METHODS: Twenty healthy women participated in this study...
March 19, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Tadayoshi Miyashita, Ryosuke Koizumi, Yoshimasa Sagane, Koichi Niwa, Toshihiro Watanabe, Kazuhiro Minami
The data provided herein include flow-mediated vasodilation responses, represented by changes in arterial diameter, and blood pressure in young adults after a single oral dose of edible emu oil or placebo (cross-over design). Ten healthy men and 10 healthy women participated. Increased blood flow in the antebrachial region was induced by inflating a pressure cuff and subsequently releasing the pressure by deflating the cuff. After the release, the arterial diameter was continuously monitored for 110 sec using ultrasonic diagnostic equipment...
April 2018: Data in Brief
Jiadela Teliewubai, Bin Bai, Yiwu Zhou, Yuyan Lu, Shikai Yu, Chen Chi, Jue Li, Jacques Blacher, Yawei Xu, Yi Zhang
Objective: Secreted frizzled related protein 5 (SFRP5) is a novel anti-inflammatory adipokine that is implicated in metabolic and cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, little is known about the relevance of SFRP5 with asymptomatic hypertensive target organ damages (TODs). We aimed to investigate the association between SFRP5 and TOD in a large population. Clinical trial registration: NCT02368938. Methods: A total of 1,745 community-dwelling elderly subjects aged over 65 years from northern Shanghai were recruited in the study...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Patricia Palau, Eloy Domínguez, Laura López, José María Ramón, Raquel Heredia, Jessika González, Enrique Santas, Vicent Bodí, Gema Miñana, Ernesto Valero, Anna Mollar, Vicente Bertomeu González, Francisco J Chorro, Juan Sanchis, Josep Lupón, Antoni Bayés-Genís, Julio Núñez
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Despite the prevalence of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), there is currently no evidence-based effective therapy for this disease. This study sought to evaluate whether inspiratory muscle training (IMT), functional electrical stimulation (FES), or a combination of both (IMT + FES) improves 12- and 24-week exercise capacity as well as left ventricular diastolic function, biomarker profile, and quality of life in HFpEF. METHODS: A total of 61 stable symptomatic patients (New York Heart Association II-III) with HFpEF were randomized (1:1:1:1) to receive a 12-week program of IMT, FES, or IMT + FES vs usual care...
March 15, 2018: Revista Española de Cardiología
Belen Ponte, Menno Pruijm, Daniel Ackermann, Georg Ehret, Nicholas Ansermot, Jan A Staessen, Bruno Vogt, Antoinette Pechère-Bertschi, Michel Burnier, Pierre-Yves Martin, Chin B Eap, Murielle Bochud, Idris Guessous
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of caffeine on arterial stiffness by exploring the association of urinary excretion of caffeine and its related metabolites with pulse pressure (PP) and pulse wave velocity (PWV). PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Families were randomly selected from the general population of 3 Swiss cities from November 25, 2009, through April 4, 2013. Pulse pressure was defined as the difference between the systolic and diastolic blood pressures obtained by 24-hour ambulatory monitoring...
March 15, 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Mert İlker Hayıroğlu, Tufan Çınar, Burhan Bıçakçı, İbrahim Dağaşan, Koray Demir, Muhammed Keskin, Ahmet Öz, Zafer Işılak, Nurgül Keser, Mehmet Uzun
Vascular complications in the femoral artery puncture site are the most common complications of the coronary angiography. Femoral hematoma is the leading participant of the vascular complications. We investigated the femoral hematoma predictive value of angle of sheath to trochanter major in patients undergoing elective coronary procedures. In this prospective analysis, we evaluated the femoral hematoma predictive value of angle of sheath to trochanter major on 246 patients undergoing elective coronary procedures...
March 17, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Narges Safai, Bendix Carstensen, Henrik Vestergaard, Martin Ridderstråle
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of a multifactorial treatment programme in a real-life setting on clinical outcomes and estimated cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. DESIGN: A retrospective observational cohort study, using data from the electronic medical records and national registers. SETTING: Tertiary diabetes centre in Denmark. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with type 2 diabetes (n=4299) referred to a programme with focus on treatment of hyperglycaemia, hypertension and dyslipidaemia between 1 January 2001 and 1 April 2016...
March 17, 2018: BMJ Open
S Helena Taivainen, Heikki Yli-Ollila, Markus Juonala, Mika Kähönen, Olli T Raitakari, Tiina M Laitinen, Tomi P Laitinen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Carotid artery longitudinal wall motion (CALM) is a new biomarker, which can be measured together with carotid intima-media thickness and distensibility measurements in the same session. Our objective was to study the relationship between these indicators of vascular health and cardiovascular risk factors in a large and well-characterized study population. METHODS: The study population consisted of 465 subjects aged 30-45 years. Successful measurements were performed in 287 participants...
March 2, 2018: Atherosclerosis
Olivier Villemain, Mafalda Correia, Elie Mousseaux, Jérome Baranger, Samuel Zarka, Ilya Podetti, Gilles Soulat, Thibaud Damy, Albert Hagège, Mickael Tanter, Mathieu Pernot, Emmanuel Messas
OBJECTIVES: The goal of our study was to investigate the potential of myocardial shear wave imaging (SWI) to quantify the diastolic myocardial stiffness (MS) (kPa) noninvasively in adult healthy volunteers (HVs) and its physiological variation with age, and in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) populations with heart failure and preserved ejection function (HFpEF). BACKGROUND: MS is an important prognostic and diagnostic parameter of the diastolic function. MS is affected by physiological changes but also by pathological alterations of extracellular and cellular tissues...
March 9, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
Kathleen W Zhang, Brian S Finkelman, Gaurav Gulati, Hari K Narayan, Jenica Upshaw, Vivek Narayan, Ted Plappert, Virginia Englefield, Amanda M Smith, Carina Zhang, W Gregory Hundley, Bonnie Ky
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in three-dimensional (3D) speckle-tracking echocardiography-derived measures of mechanics and their associations with systolic and diastolic dysfunction after anthracyclines. BACKGROUND: An improved understanding of the changes in 3D cardiac mechanics with anthracyclines may provide important mechanistic insight and identify new metrics to detect cardiac dysfunction. METHODS: A total of 142 women with breast cancer receiving doxorubicin (240 mg/m2 ) with or without trastuzumab underwent 3D speckle-tracking echocardiography at standardized intervals prior to, during, and annually after chemotherapy...
March 9, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
Fatemeh Ghane Sharbaf, Farahnak Assadi
BACKGROUND: Hyperuricemia is a leading risk factor for the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We hypothesized that lowering serum uric acid (SUA) with allopurinol in hyperuricemic children with CKD may reduce the risk of CKD progression. METHODS: A total of 70 children, aged 3-15 years, with elevated serum uric acid level (SUA) > 5.5 mg/dL and CKD stages 1-3 were prospectively randomized to receive allopurinol 5 mg/kg/day (study group, n = 38) or no treatment (control group, n = 32) for 4 months...
March 16, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
A L M Eikendal, A Gohar, F H Rutten, M L Bots, Y Appelman, L Hofstra, M J M Cramer, A W Hoes, H M den Ruijter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: Journal of Cardiac Failure
Alexander Egeberg, Jashin J Wu, Neil Korman, James A Solomon, Orin Goldblum, Fangyi Zhao, Lotus Mallbris
BACKGROUND: The impact of ixekizumab treatment for psoriasis on cardiovascular-related parameters in patients is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We investigated cardiovascular-related parameters in patients with psoriasis treated with ixekizumab. METHODS: In Phase 3 trials, patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis were randomized and treated with placebo, ixekizumab, or etanercept during the induction period (Weeks 0-12; UNCOVER-1/-2/-3). At week 12, responders were re-randomized to receive placebo or ixekizumab through the maintenance period (Weeks 12-60; UNCOVER-1/-2)...
March 13, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Johan Jendle, Xin Fang, Yang Cao, Leif Bojö, Bo K Nilsson, Fredric Hedberg, Irene Santos-Pardo, Thomas Nyström
In this post hoc study, we aimed to investigate liraglutide treatment on repetitive 24-hour blood pressure (BP) in patients with type II diabetes. Sixty-two individuals with type II diabetes (45 males) were randomized to 1.8 mg liraglutide once daily or 4 mg glimepiride together with 1 g metformin twice daily. Ambulatory 24-hour systolic and diastolic blood pressure (sBP/dBP) was repetitively measured at baseline, 2 weeks, and 18 weeks. Outcomes were evaluated as treatment change from baseline, 2 weeks, and 18 weeks...
February 16, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Roberto Schreiber, Cristiane M Souza, Layde R Paim, Guilherme de Rossi, José R Matos-Souza, Anselmo de A Costa E Silva, Fernando R Faria, Eliza R Azevedo, Karina C Alonso, Andrei C Sposito, Alberto Cliquet, José I Gorla, Wilson Nadruz
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and cardiac structure and function with adipocytokines in sedentary (S-SCI) and physically-active (PA-SCI) subjects with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-one SCI men (16 S-SCI and 25 PA-SCI) with chronic (>1y) SCI were evaluated. S-SCI subjects did not perform labor that required physical effort, recreational physical activity or sports, while PA-SCI subjects included competing athletes that were regularly performing adapted sports...
March 13, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Katharina Wernicke, Sven Zeissler, Frank C Mooren, Torsten Frech, Stephanie Hellmann, Meike Stiesch, Jasmin Grischke, Silvia Linnenweber, Bernhard Schmidt, Jan Menne, Anette Melk, Pascal Bauer, Andree Hillebrecht, Jörg Eberhard
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study investigates the potential association between active periodontal disease and high HbA1c levels in type-2-diabetes mellitus subjects under physical training. METHODS: Women and men with a diagnosis of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and ongoing physical and an ongoing exercise program were included. Periodontal conditions were assessed according to the CDC-AAP case definitions. Venous blood samples were collected for the quantitative analysis of HbA1c...
March 16, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"