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Adnexal Teratoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113784/-chemical-peritonitis-complicating-the-spontaneous-rupture-of-a-dermoid-cyst-of-the-ovary
#1
M El Moussaoui, F Closon, G Brichant, N Kotzampassakis, M Nisolle
Mature ovarian teratoma is the most frequent benign tumor in premenopausal women. It is usually asymptomatic but complications are possible such as adnexal torsion, infection, malignant transformation or cystic rupture. The latter can be spontaneous or more often occurs during surgery of excision of dermoid cyst. It can rarely result in chemical peritonitis, which is due to the irritation of the peritoneal serosa by the aseptic content of the tumour. We report the case of a patient who undrewent an emergency laparotomy for a chemical peritonitis following a spontaneous rupture of a dermoid cyst...
July 2018: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30075600/correlation-of-ultrasound-features-and-the-risk-of-ovarian-malignancy-algorithm-score-for-different-histopathological-subtypes-of-benign-adnexal-masses
#2
Crîngu Antoniu Ionescu, Alexandra Matei, Dan Navolan, Mihai Dimitriu, Roxana Bohâltea, Adrian Neacsu, Corina Ilinca, Liana Ples
Ovarian masses are one of the most frequently identified entities in gynecological practice. Early differential diagnosis is a key factor in the medical management of each patient. Transvaginal ultrasound along with additional preoperative testing, such as serum cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) levels and the Risk of Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm (ROMA) score, usually provide sufficient information for a presumptive diagnosis. Minimally invasive surgery as a therapeutic approach is the standard procedure for uncomplicated and benign adnexal masses...
August 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30075499/successful-treatment-of-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis-with-early-teratoma-removal-and-plasmapheresis-a-case-report
#3
Monica Gomes Ferreira, Victoria Lapresa Alcalde, María Helena García Sánchez, Lourdes Hernández Hernández, María José Doyague Sánchez
RATIONALE: This report describes a Successful treatment of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis with early teratoma removal and plasmapheresis. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a 31-year-old Caucasian nulliparous patient who was admitted as an emergency with general illness status accompanied by holocranial cephalalgia and fever. DIAGNOSES: The previous symptoms were followed by disorientation, persecutory delusion, incoherent language, and tonic-clonic seizure...
August 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30012428/adnexal-torsion-in-children-and-adolescents-a-retrospective-review-of-245-cases-at-a-single-institution
#4
Oluyemisi Adeyemi-Fowode, Emily G Lin, Fatima Syed, Haleh Sangi-Haghpeykar, Huirong Zhu, Jennifer E Dietrich
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Adnexal torsion (AT) requires urgent surgical intervention to preserve ovarian function. Historically, treatment for AT was oophorectomy due to concerns related to leaving a non-viable ischemic ovary. No published studies support these theoretical concerns and current literature supports conservative management. The aim of this study was to review the institutional outcomes for AT cases, including salvage rates and complications. DESIGN: This study was IRB- approved at Baylor College of Medicine...
July 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755032/effects-of-mature-cystic-teratoma-on-reproductive-health-and-malignant-transformation-a-retrospective-analysis-of-80-cases
#5
Sefa Kurt, Hüseyin Aytuğ Avşar, Ömer Erbil Doğan, Hasan Bahadır Saatli, Uğur Saygılı
OBJECTIVE: Examining the cases of mature cystic teratoma (MCT) that are diagnosed and treated in our clinic regarding their association with fertility; and detecting the rate of malignant degeneration and the types of malignancies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients, operated due to adnexal mass between April 2012 and August 2017 and diagnosed with MCT, were retrospectively examined. Mean age of the 80 cases, which met the criteria, was 30.60±10.5. 9 were suffering from infertility, according to hospital records...
May 14, 2018: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535092/ovarian-teratoma-associated-with-anti-nmda-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis
#6
Nellihela Leel, Hemanshoo S Thakkar, David Drake, Nordeen Bouhadiba
Anti-N-methyl D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is a paraneoplastic, immune-mediated encephalopathy with a known association with ovarian teratomas. We present the first case in the UK of a 7-year-old patient presenting with this condition. Having been previously fit and healthy, the patient presented with an acute onset of cognitive disturbances. The initial suspicion was that of an infective encephalopathy; however, the lumbar puncture results were negative. Electroencephalography reported diffuse background slowing, supporting a diagnosis of encephalopathy...
March 13, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354487/laparoscopic-extracorporeal-surgery-performed-with-a-fixation-device-for-adnexal-masses-complicating-pregnancy-report-of-two-cases
#7
Hanako Kasahara, Iwaho Kikuchi, Aya Otsuka, Yoko Tsuzuki, Michio Nojima, Koyo Yoshida
The potential complications associated with an adnexal mass discovered during early pregnancy call for surgical treatment. Ideally, surgery is performed after gestational week 12, but uterine expansion after the first trimester makes surgery difficult. We report two pregnancies complicated by adnexal masses for which we used an organ fixation device for safe performance of single-site umbilical laparoscopic surgery. Pelvic magnetic resonance imaging depicted a dichorionic, diamniotic twin pregnancy and 60-mm right adnexal mass in the first patient and bilateral adnexae in the second...
December 26, 2017: World Journal of Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299099/mature-cystic-teratoma-with-high-proportion-of-solid-thyroid-tissue-a-controversial-case-with-unusual-imaging-findings
#8
Rui Gil, Teresa Margarida Cunha, Ines Rolim
We describe a case of a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary with high proportion of solid thyroid tissue (< 50% of the entire tumor) in a childbearing woman. The patient presented with non-specific abdominal bloating. Pelvic ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a complex cystic-solid tumor confined to the left ovary with an anterior fat-containing locus compatible with mature cystic teratoma and a posterior predominantly solid component with low signal intensity on T2-weighted images that was histopatologically diagnosed as benign thyroid tissue...
July 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278520/malignant-struma-ovarii-harboring-a-unique-nras-mutation-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Carlo Gobitti, Alessandro Sindoni, Chiara Bampo, Tanja Baresic, Giorgio Giorda, Lara Alessandrini, Vincenzo Canzonieri, Giovanni Franchin, Eugenio Borsatti
Struma ovarii (SO), a rare tumor containing at least 50% of thyroid tissue, represents approximately 5% of all ovarian teratomas; its malignant transformation rate is reported to occur in up to 10% of cases and metastases occur in about 5-6% of them. We describe a 36-year old woman who underwent laparoscopic left annessectomy two years earlier because of an ovarian cyst. Follow-up imaging revealed a right adnexal mass, ascitis and peritoneal nodes that were diagnosed as comprising a malignant SO with peritoneal secondary localizations at histopathology performed after intervention...
July 2017: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259630/abdominopelvic-tuberculosis-secondary-to-a-nontuberculous-mycobacterium-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#10
Beng Kwang Ng, Kembang Aziah Yakob, Wendy Yin Ling Ng, Pei Shan Lim, Rahana Abd Rahman, Abdul Kadir Abdul Karim, Ani Amelia Zainuddin, Zaleha Abdullah Mahdy
Tuberculosis (TB) remained as one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide despite an overall decline in its incidence rate globally. Extrapulmonary TB is uncommon and only accounts for 10-20% of overall TB disease burden. Abdominopelvic TB is the sixth most common location of extrapulmonary TB. The symptoms and signs are often insidious and nonspecific. Diagnosing abdominopelvic TB can be very challenging at times and poses great difficulties to the clinician. Infection with nontuberculous Mycobacterium (NTM) is even rarer especially in an immunocompetent patient...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112653/long-term-results-for-expectant-management-of-ultrasonographically-diagnosed-benign-ovarian-teratomas
#11
M Angela Pascual, Betlem Graupera, Cristina Pedrero, Ignacio Rodriguez, Silvia Ajossa, Stefano Guerriero, Juan Luis Alcázar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the natural history of ultrasonographically diagnosed benign ovarian teratomas in asymptomatic women. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational cohort study of 408 women (mean age 36.6 years, range 14-81 years) diagnosed as having an ovarian teratoma by transvaginal ultrasonography (except eight who only had a transabdominal study done) between January 2003 and December 2013 at a single tertiary care institution. Six hundred thirteen women were diagnosed with ovarian teratoma of whom 205 were promptly treated surgically, leaving 408 patients followed conservatively with follow-up scans at 3 and 6 months from diagnosis and then yearly...
December 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913079/parasitic-omental-ovarian-dermoid-tumour-mimicking-an-adnexal-mass-a-report-of-two-very-unusual-cases
#12
Hüseyin Çağlayan Özcan, Mete Gürol Uğur, Reyhan Gündüz, Zehra Bozdağ, İrfan Kutlar
The differential diagnosis of cystic adnexal masses includes various pathologies, some placed extragonadally. Herein, we present two different cases of omental ovarian dermoid tumours that were diagnosed using ultrasonography and removed with surgery. The greater part of the omental teratomas appear to have developed from self-amputation of cysts in the ovary, followed by their re-implantation into the omentum. Omental teratomas can be located in the pelvis, where they might be mistaken for an adnexal mass, an upper abdominal mass, or a periumbilical mass...
December 2015: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826726/age-stratified-analysis-of-tumor-markers-and-tumor-characteristics-in-adolescents-and-young-women-with-mature-cystic-teratoma
#13
Huseyin Yesilyurt, Berna Seckin, Ayla Aktulay, Sebnem Ozyer
BACKGROUND: Serum tumor markers are widely used for the preoperative evaluation of an adnexal mass. Elevations of cancer antigen (CA) 125 and CA 19-9 have been reported in patients with mature cystic teratoma (MCT). The aim of the study is to investigate the relation of serum tumor markers with tumor characteristics in young women with MCT. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 157 patients under the age of 35 who underwent laparoscopic surgery for ovarian MCT...
June 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523263/a-rare-case-of-an-autoamputated-ovary-with-mature-cystic-teratoma
#14
Hwi Gon Kim, Yong Jung Song, Yong Jin Na, Juseok Yang, Ook Hwan Choi
Autoamputated ovary with mature cystic teratoma (MCT) is a rarely reported gynecologic entity with an unknown prevalence. A 34-year-old woman referred to our clinic for presumed left ovarian tumor. Pelvic examination, ultrasonography and computed tomography scan revealed a 5-cm, cystic ovarian mass with calcification and fat component, and tumor markers were as follows, cancer antigen (CA) 125; 10.4 U/mL, CA19-9; 2 U/mL. Laparoscopy was performed. The mass was identified in the left adnexal region without any ligamentous or direct connection with the pelvic organs...
April 2017: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466797/-a-girl-looking-pregnant
#15
N Pollmann, H J J van der Steeg, B A Semmekrot
We describe a 13-year-old girl with abdominal complaints and looking pregnant. MRI investigation showed an adnexal mass (28 x 19 x 12 cm), which was surgically removed. Histolpathological investigation revealed a mature cystic teratoma with no signs of malignant transformation.
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981940/squamous-cell-carcinoma-arising-in-background-of-mature-cystic-teratoma
#16
Muhammad Zubair, Shoaib Naiyar Hashmi, Saeed Afzal, Iqbal Muhammad, Hafeez Ud Din, Syed Naeem Raza Hamdani
Mature cystic teratoma of ovary is a common benign adnexal tumor in females. Malignant transformation in a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary occurs in only 1 - 2% of cases. Most common malignant transformation is squamous cell carcinoma (70-80% of cases), occurring mostly in postmenopausal women with large sized cysts. Here, we report a case of 46-year lady who presented with pain in lower abdomen. Ultrasound and CT scan revealed complex adnexal mass measuring 16x9 cm. Size and older age of the patients should be regarded as important predictors of malignant transformation in mature cystic teratoma...
November 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941376/paraneoplastic-syndrome-with-anti-nmdar-encephalitis-associated-with-ovarian-teratomas
#17
Puskar Pattanayak, Lilja B Solnes
We report on a 33-year-old woman who had a paraneoplastic syndrome with anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis, associated with ovarian teratomas. She presented with acute onset seizures, grandiosity, elevated mood, disorganized thoughts, and paranoia. Cerebral spinal fluid analysis revealed anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antibodies. A PET/CT was requested, which identified a possible fat and calcification containing right adnexal lesion on the noncontrast CT portion, which was suspicious for a teratoma...
February 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935160/surgical-treatment-of-mature-cystic-teratomas-a-comparison-of-emergent-and-elective-surgeries
#18
Hadas Ganer Herman, Ron Sagiv, Hagit Raphaeli, Ram Kerner, Ran Keidar, Jacob Bar, Shimon Ginath
AIM: To compare patient characteristics, imaging and surgical management of mature cystic teratomas (MCTs) according to surgery type - elective versus emergent. METHODS: The study included surgeries performed between 1990 and 2016, during which histologically verified ovarian MCT material was obtained. The elective management group included surgeries performed at a pre-set date or incidental finding of MCT as part of a different surgery. Emergent surgeries were considered as such if performed as a result of suspected adnexal torsion...
January 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882257/a-hormonally-active-malignant-struma-ovarii
#19
Carolina Lara, Dalia Cuenca, Latife Salame, Rafael Padilla-Longoria, Moisés Mercado
Struma ovarii is a rare monodermal variant of ovarian teratoma that contains at least 50% thyroid tissue. Less than 8% of struma ovarii cases present with clinical and biochemical evidence of thyrotoxicosis due to ectopic production of thyroid hormone and only 5% undergo malignant transformation into a papillary thyroid carcinoma. Only isolated cases of hormonally active papillary thyroid carcinoma developing within a struma ovarii have been reported in the literature. We report the case of a 36-year-old woman who presented with clinical signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism as well as a left adnexal mass, which proved to be a thyroid hormone-producing, malignant struma ovarii...
2016: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803082/leydig-cell-tumour-and-mature-ovarian-teratoma-rare-androgen-secreting-ovarian-tumours-in-postmenopausal-women
#20
Ana Palha, Luísa Cortez, Ana Paula Tavares, Ana Agapito
Androgen-secreting ovarian tumours are extremely rare accounting for <5% of all ovarian neoplasms. They are more frequent in postmenopausal women and should be suspected in the case of a rapid onset of androgenic symptoms. We report 4 cases of postmenopausal women who presented with signs of virilisation. All patients revealed increased serum levels of testosterone, normal dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate and negative pelvic ultrasound for adnexal masses. An androgen-secreting ovarian tumour was suspected and all of them were submitted to bilateral oophorectomy...
November 1, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
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