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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885970/essential-medications-for-patients-with-suspected-or-confirmed-ebola-virus-disease-in-resource-limited-environments
#1
William F Pierce, Selena D Ready, John Tyson Chapman, Corrinne Kulick, Anastasia Shields, Jialynn Wang, Kimberly Andrews, Richard W Childs, Carlos Bell, Alexandr Kosyak, Jade Pham
BACKGROUND: In 2014, the U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS) Commissioned Corps deployed to Monrovia, Liberia, to operate a 25-bed Ebola treatment unit (ETU) constructed by the U.S. Military. The ETU was named the Monrovia Medical Unit (MMU) and was constructed from an U.S. Air Force Expeditionary Medical Support (EMEDS) unit with modifications on the basis of consultation from Médecins Sans Frontières, the World Health Organization, and expert panels from the U.S. Department of Defense and Department of Health and Human Services...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810852/implementation-of-a-guideline-for-local-health-policy-making-by-regional-health-services-exploring-determinants-of-use-by-a-web-survey
#2
Theo J M Kuunders, Monique A M Jacobs, Ien A M van de Goor, Marja J H van Bon-Martens, Hans A M van Oers, Theo G W M Paulussen
BACKGROUND: Previous evaluation showed insufficient use of a national guideline for integrated local health policy by Regional Health Services (RHS) in the Netherlands. The guideline focuses on five health topics and includes five checklists to support integrated municipal health policies. This study explores the determinants of guideline use by regional Dutch health professionals. METHODS: A web survey was send to 304 RHS health professionals. The questionnaire was based on a theory- and research-based framework of determinants of public health innovations...
August 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734269/crime-scene-reconstruction-sex-prediction-from-blood-stained-foot-sole-impressions
#3
Nabanita Basu, Samir Kumar Bandyopadhyay
It is often difficult to predict the sex of an individual based on bloody incomplete footprints. However, such prints/impressions are particularly common in a crime scene. Again variability in the texture, color of the target surface has an impact on the bloodstained impression formed. The study of bare foot, footprint, footwear (i.e. shoe, canvas etc.) within the legal context is referred to as forensic podiatry. Based on the fact that it is possible to predict the sex of an individual from footprint impressions, an automated model has been proposed in this paper for analyzing the sex of an individual from his/her broken/incomplete footprint impressions based on morphological features alone...
September 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562148/cross-sectional-association-of-exercise-strengthening-activities-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-on-generalized-anxiety-panic-and-depressive-symptoms
#4
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Paul D Loprinzi, Ovuokerie Addoh, Nina Wong Sarver, Ingrid Espinoza, Joshua R Mann
OBJECTIVE: Limited research has evaluated the individual and combined associations of physical activity (PA), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and muscle strengthening activities (MSA) on generalized anxiety, panic and depressive symptoms. We evaluated this topic in a representative sample of young (20-39 years) adults, with considerations by sex. METHODS: Data from the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (N = 2088) were used. Generalized anxiety, panic and depressive symptoms were assessed via self-report as well as using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, and Depressive Disorders modules of the automated version of the World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI-Auto 2...
September 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561687/new-insight-into-the-biology-risk-stratification-and-targeted-treatment-of-myelodysplastic-syndromes
#5
Mintallah Haider, Eric J Duncavage, Khalid F Afaneh, Rafael Bejar, Alan F List
In myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), somatic mutations occur in five major categories: RNA splicing, DNA methylation, activated cell signaling, myeloid transcription factors, and chromatin modifiers. Although many MDS cases harbor more than one somatic mutation, in general, there is mutual exclusivity of mutated genes within a class. In addition to the prognostic significance of individual somatic mutations, more somatic mutations in MDS have been associated with poor prognosis. Prognostic assessment remains a critical component of the personalization of care for patient with MDS because treatment is highly risk adapted...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495434/patterns-of-recurrence-and-long-term-outcomes-in-patients-who-underwent-pancreatectomy-for-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasms-with-high-grade-dysplasia-implications-for-surveillance-and-future-management-guidelines
#6
Aaron U Blackham, Matthew P Doepker, Barbara A Centeno, Gregory Springett, Jose M Pimiento, Mokenge Malafa, Pamela J Hodul
BACKGROUND: While intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) with high-grade dysplasia (HGD) are thought to represent non-invasive, high-risk lesions, its natural history following resection is unknown. METHODS: A retrospective review of HGD-IPMN patients (1999-2015) was performed. Recurrence patterns and clinical outcomes following pancreatectomy were analyzed and the indications for surgery were explored based on current guidelines. RESULTS: HGD was diagnosed in 100 of 314 patients (32%) following pancreatectomy for IPMN...
July 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247277/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-clinical-practice
#7
REVIEW
Yasuhiko Abe, Yu Sasaki, Makoto Yagi, Takao Yaoita, Shoichi Nishise, Yoshiyuki Ueno
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic and abnormal Th2 type immunological response characterized by intense eosinophilic inflammation localized within the esophagus. This leads to esophageal dysfunction and remodeling accompanied by subepithelial fibrosis. Recently, EoE has been recognized as one of the major causes of dysphagia or food impaction in adults. The prevalence of EoE has been increasing over the past several decades, particularly in Western countries. EoE should be differentiated from secondary esophageal eosinophilia (EE) in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and eosinophilic gastroenteritis, involving the entire gastrointestinal tract...
April 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164727/psychometric-properties-of-the-vanderbilt-adhd-diagnostic-rating-scale-completed-by-juvenile-corrections-staff
#8
Regina Bussing, Joseph C Gagnon, Cynthia W Garvan, Cecelia Ribuffo-Duggan, David Houchins
OBJECTIVE: This research tests the psychometric performance of the Vanderbilt ADHD Diagnostic Teacher Rating Scale (VADTRS) completed by juvenile corrections (JC) staff. METHOD: With institutional review board (IRB) approval and appropriate consents/assents, data were collected from case managers ( n = 18), teachers ( n = 9), youth ( n = 261), and an administrative database. Separate psychometric analyses were conducted for case managers and teachers. RESULTS: For both respondent groups, 2-week retest reliability and internal consistency were high for all four VADTRS subscales, and confirmatory factor analysis suggested fit with previously reported VADTRS subscale structure...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011902/ecil-6-guidelines-for-the-treatment-of-invasive-candidiasis-aspergillosis-and-mucormycosis-in-leukemia-and-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-patients
#9
Frederic Tissot, Samir Agrawal, Livio Pagano, Georgios Petrikkos, Andreas H Groll, Anna Skiada, Cornelia Lass-Flörl, Thierry Calandra, Claudio Viscoli, Raoul Herbrecht
The European Conference on Infections in Leukemia (ECIL) provides recommendations for diagnostic strategies and prophylactic, pre-emptive or targeted therapy strategies for various types of infection in patients with hematologic malignancies or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients. Meetings are held every two years since 2005 and evidence-based recommendations are elaborated after evaluation of the literature and discussion among specialists of nearly all European countries. In this manuscript, the ECIL group presents the 2015-update of the recommendations for the targeted treatment of invasive candidiasis, aspergillosis and mucormycosis...
March 2017: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895003/effect-on-nitrogen-balance-thermogenesis-body-composition-satiety-and-circulating-branched-chain-amino-acid-levels-up-to-one-year-after-surgery-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-dietary-protein-during-surgical-weight-loss
#10
Violeta Moizé, Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Josep Vidal, Patricia Miner, Yves Boirie, Blandine Laferrère
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery (BS), the most effective treatment for severe obesity, typically results in 40-50 kg weight loss in the year following the surgery. Beyond its action on protein metabolism, dietary protein intake (PI) affects satiety, thermogenesis, energy efficiency, and body composition (BC). However, the required amount of PI after surgical weight loss is not known. The current daily PI recommendation for diet-induced weight loss is 0.8 g/kg ideal body weight (IBW) per day, but whether this amount is sufficient to preserve fat-free mass during active surgical weight loss is unknown...
November 28, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885293/prevalence-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolated-from-urinary-tract-infected-patients
#11
P Chaudhary, D Bhandari, K Thapa, P Thapa, D Shrestha, H K Chaudhary, A Shrestha, H Parajuli, B P Gupta
BACKGROUND: Klebsiella pneumoniae, one of the bacterial agents associated with urinary tract infection has been often implicated as a major extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producer in last few decades. This study was designed to assess the prevalence of ESBL producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in urinary isolates at a tertiary care hospital in Kathmandu, Nepal, from July to December 2014. METHODS: One thousand nine hundred eighty six mid-stream urine specimens were collected aseptically from the clinically suspected patients of urinary tract infections attending Capital Hospital and Research Center, Kathmandu...
May 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22481186/-multi-slice-computerized-tomography-of-the-heart-and-coronary-arteries
#12
REVIEW
Habiba Mizouni, Younes Arous, Mohamed Hedhli, Maha Mahmoud, Emna Menif
BACKGROUND: Due to the recent technological progress, multislice computerized tomography (MSCT) allows visualizing the heart and coronary arteries. Multislice computed tomography is non invasive and provides high quality images.Its main limits are arythmia, tachycardia and coronary calcifications. But the main drawback with MSCT is the radiation dose. AIM: Report of usefuluess and indications of multislice CT scanner. METHODS: Rzview of literature RESULTS: Although the indications of MSCT did not reach a guideleness level yet, some trends can be stated...
March 2012: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9206192/-vaginal-bleeding-patterns-and-the-regularity-in-use-of-norplant
#13
F Meng, H Fan, L Han
OBJECTIVES: To understand vaginal bleeding patterns and the regularity in use of Norplant, and find out the main cause of termination that Norplant users can not bear. METHODS: A total of 306 menstrual diaries of Norplant users for 5 years were analyzed. The analysis of bleeding patterns was carried out by using the reference period approach and followed the guidelings published by WHO. RESULTS: The total number of vaginal bleeding days and the number of spotting days in the first reference periods were 36...
May 1996: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
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