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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140432/long-term-immune-response-to-yellow-fever-vaccination-in-hiv-infected-individuals-depends-on-hiv-rna-suppression-status-implications-for-vaccination-schedule
#1
Olivia Veit, Cristina Domingo, Matthias Niedrig, Cornelia Staehelin, Beat Sonderegger, Héquet Delphine, Marcel Stoeckle, Alexandra Calmy, Veronique Schiffer, Enos Bernasconi, Domenica Flury, Christoph Hatz, Marcel Zwahlen, Hansjakob Furrer
Background: In HIV-infected individuals the immune response over time to yellow fever vaccination (YFV) and the necessity for booster vaccination are not well understood. Methods: We studied 247 participants of the Swiss HIV Cohort Study (SHCS) with a first YFV after HIV diagnosis and determined their immune responses at one, five, and ten years postvaccination (p.v.) by yellow fever plaque reduction neutralisation titres (PRNT) in stored blood samples. A PRNT of 1:≥10 was regarded as reactive and protective...
November 11, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137053/prognostic-value-of-high-resolution-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-evaluating-carotid-atherosclerotic-plaque-in-patients-with-ischemic-stroke
#2
Jin-Er Shu, Ming-Liang Ying, Xiao-Rong Chen, Jian-Jun Hua, Jie-Ting Fu, Xiu-Mei Xia, Yong-Hao Pan, Yang Jiang
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke (IS) is a devastating occurrence affecting millions worldwide. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HRMRI) in assessing carotid atherosclerotic plaque in IS patients. METHODS: Between January 2013 and March 2015, 338 IS patients were recruited for the investigative purposes of the study. All participants of the study underwent an HRMRI inspection procedure after being admitted into the hospital...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132069/risk-factors-for-tooth-loss-in-middle-and-older-age-after-up-to-10-years-an-observational-cohort-study
#3
Alexander Jochen Hassel, Volkan Safaltin, Sabine Grill, Johannes Schröder, Hans-Werner Wahl, Anna-Luisa Klotz, Edriss Habibi, Peter Rammelsberg, Andreas Zenthöfer
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to identify risk factors for tooth loss in two birth cohorts, quinquagenarians and septuagenarians, after up to 10 years of clinical observation. DESIGN: One hundred and twenty-three participants were recruited from the Interdisciplinary Study of Adult Development (ILSE) and examined at baseline and up to 10 years after. Thirty-nine and 84 participants belonged to the older (OC; born in 1930/32) cohort and younger (YC; born in 1950/52) cohort, respectively...
November 6, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131062/cardio-renal-determinants-of-erectile-dysfunction-in-primary-prevention-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Vilma Dzenkeviciute, Zaneta Petrulioniene, Egidija Rinkuniene, Virginijus Sapoka, Marija Petrylaite, Jolita Badariene
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between severity of erectile dysfunction, cardiovascular risk and target organ (heart, renal, vascular) damage in men free of cardiovascular diseases (CV). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study included 182 men: 100 with erectile dysfunction (ED) (IIEF mean score ≤ 21) and 82 without ED (IIEF mean score > 21). The ED was assessed using the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5). Ultrasound was used to evaluate carotid plaques and left ventricular mass, geometry and diastolic function...
November 5, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126450/the-macrophage-c-type-lectin-receptor-clec5a-mdl-1-expression-is-associated-with-early-plaque-progression-and-promotes-macrophage-survival
#5
Weixin Xiong, Haibo Wang, Lin Lu, Rui Xi, Fang Wang, Gang Gu, Rong Tao
BACKGROUND: Biomarkers of early plaque progression are still elusive. Myeloid DAP12-associating lectin-1 (MDL-1), also called CLEC5A, is a C-type lectin receptor implicated in the progression of multiple acute and chronic inflammatory diseases. However, the relationship between its level and atherosclerosis is unknown. In this study, we aimed to investigate the correlation between macrophage MDL-1 expression and early atherosclerosis progression. METHODS: Immunofluorescence staining, real-time PCR and western blot were performed to analyze MDL-1 expression in aorta or mice macrophages...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121596/the-impact-of-long-term-moderate-and-heavy-alcohol-consumption-on-incident-atherosclerosis-among-persons-living-with-hiv
#6
N E Kelso-Chichetto, M Plankey, D S Sheps, A G Abraham, X Chen, S Shoptaw, R C Kaplan, W S Post, R L Cook
BACKGROUND: Level of alcohol consumption is associated with differential risk of atherosclerosis, but little research has investigated this association among HIV+ persons. We evaluated the association between long-term alcohol use and incident atherosclerosis among HIV+ persons. METHODS: We utilized data from HIV+ participants of the Women's Interagency HIV Study (n=483) and the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (n=305) without history of cardiovascular disease. Atherosclerosis was assessed two times by B-mode carotid artery ultrasound imaging from 2004 to 2013...
October 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113983/fgf23-concentration-and-apol1-genotype-are-novel-predictors-of-mortality-in-african-americans-with-type-2-diabetes
#7
Gary C Chan, Jasmin Divers, Gregory B Russell, Carl D Langefeld, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Fang-Chi Hsu, Jianzhao Xu, S Carrie Smith, Nicholette D Palmer, Pamela J Hicks, Donald W Bowden, Thomas C Register, Lijun Ma, J Jeffrey Carr, Barry I Freedman
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular and renal complications contribute to higher mortality in patients with diabetes. We assessed novel and conventional predictors of mortality in African American-Diabetes Heart Study participants. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Associations between mortality and subclinical atherosclerosis, urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), plasma fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) concentration, African ancestry proportion, and apolipoprotein L1 genotypes (APOL1) were assessed in 513 African Americans with type 2 diabetes; analyses were performed using Cox proportional hazards models...
November 7, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103864/apolipoprotein-e-gene-polymorphism-and-subclinical-carotid-atherosclerosis-the-northern-manhattan-study
#8
Brett Doliner, Chuanhui Dong, Susan H Blanton, Hannah Gardener, Mitchell S V Elkind, Ralph L Sacco, Ryan T Demmer, Moise Desvarieux, Tatjana Rundek
BACKGROUND: Apolipoprotein E (APOE) polymorphism has previously been associated with carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) in predominantly Caucasian populations. We sought to test the strength of the relationship between APOE-ε4 carrier status and subclinical atherosclerosis in a tri-ethnic population with a large Hispanic representation. METHODS: We assessed the association between APOE polymorphism and cIMT and plaque burden among 1243 stroke-free individuals (mean age 69 years, 65% Hispanic, 18% black, 17% white) using a sequence of multivariable regression models...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100226/subclinical-atherosclerosis-among-young-and-middle-aged-adults-using-carotid-intima-media-thickness-measurements
#9
Deborah L Jones, Violeta J Rodriguez, Maria L Alcaide, Nicole Barylski, Digna Cabral, Tatjana Rundek, Stephen M Weiss, Mahendra Kumar
OBJECTIVES: The presence of atherosclerotic plaque in the carotid arteries is a strong predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Research and data on CVD risk have been derived primarily from individuals aged 55 years or older, and assessment of CVD risk among young and middle-aged adults seldom has been studied. The use of ultrasonography to measure carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and carotid plaque appears to have utility to detect subclinical atherosclerosis in asymptomatic adults...
November 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098933/association-between-monocyte-chemoattractant-protein-1-and-blood-pressure-in-smokers
#10
Maki Komiyama, Rieko Takanabe, Koh Ono, Sayaka Shimada, Hiromichi Wada, Hajime Yamakage, Noriko Satoh-Asahara, Tatsuya Morimoto, Akira Shimatsu, Yuko Takahashi, Koji Hasegawa
Objective The expression level of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is increased in atherosclerotic regions, inducing monocyte migration to the blood vessel wall. Although the serum MCP-1 concentration is higher in patients with than without cardiovascular disease, the precise correlations between the serum MCP-1 concentration and factors associated with smoking and atherosclerosis are unknown. Methods The serum MCP-1 concentration was measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 207 consecutive smokers who visited our smoking cessation clinic...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096630/trajectories-of-physical-function-prior-to-death-and-brain-neuropathology-in-a-community-based-cohort-the-act-study
#11
Andrea Z LaCroix, Rebecca A Hubbard, Shelly L Gray, Melissa L Anderson, Paul K Crane, Joshua A Sonnen, Oleg Zaslavsky, Eric B Larson
BACKGROUND: Mechanisms linking cognitive and physical functioning in older adults are unclear. We sought to determine whether brain pathological changes relate to the level or rate of physical performance decline. METHODS: This study analyzed data from 305 participants in the autopsy subcohort of the prospective Adult Changes in Thought (ACT) study. Participants were aged 65+ and free of dementia at enrollment. Physical performance was measured at baseline and every two years using the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB)...
November 2, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096569/association-between-procalcitonin-levels-and-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients
#12
Yun Zhang, Zhonglun Chen, Yufeng Tang, Wanying Shan, Ling Wang, Jian Shi, Qian Luo, Jinfeng Duan, Gelin Xu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSES: Procalcitonin has been suggested as a new risk factor in atherosclerotic disease. However, whether procalcitonin levels are associated with the risk of carotid atherosclerosis remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between procalcitonin levels and carotid atherosclerosis among patients with first-ever acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: Two hundred and thirty consecutive patients were prospectively enrolled in this study...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094341/safety-efficacy-and-drug-survival-of-biologics-and-biosimilars-for-moderate-to-severe-plaque-psoriasis
#13
A Egeberg, M B Ottosen, R Gniadecki, S Broesby-Olsen, T N Dam, L E Bryld, M K Rasmussen, L Skov
BACKGROUND: Real-life data on newer biologic and biosimilar agents for moderate-to-severe psoriasis are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To examine safety, efficacy, and time to discontinuation (drug survival) of biologics (adalimumab, etanercept, infliximab, secukinumab, and ustekinumab) and compare originators with biosimilars (i.e. Enbrel with Benepali, and Remicade with Remsima). METHODS: The DERMBIO registry contains data on all Danish patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis treated with biologics...
November 1, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094154/racial-differences-in-prevalence-and-risk-for-intracranial-atherosclerosis-in-a-us-community-based-population
#14
Ye Qiao, Fareed K Suri, Yiyi Zhang, Li Liu, Rebecca Gottesman, Alvaro Alonso, Eliseo Guallar, Bruce A Wasserman
Importance: Intracranial atherosclerotic disease (ICAD) is an important cause of stroke; however, little is known about racial differences in ICAD prevalence and its risk factors. Objective: To determine racial differences in ICAD prevalence and the risk factors (both midlife and concurrent) associated with its development in a large, US community-based cohort. Design, Setting, and Participants: Analysis of 1752 black and white participants recruited from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) cohort study who underwent 3-dimensional intracranial vessel wall magnetic resonance imaging from October 18, 2011 to December 30, 2013; data analysis was performed from October 18, 2011 to May 13, 2015...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093989/periodontal-inflamed-surface-area-as-a-novel-numerical-variable-describing-periodontal-conditions
#15
Shin-Young Park, Soyeon Ahn, Jung-Tae Lee, Pil-Young Yun, Yun Jong Lee, Joo Youn Lee, Yeong Wook Song, Yoon-Seok Chang, Hyo-Jung Lee
Purpose: A novel index, the periodontal inflamed surface area (PISA), represents the sum of the periodontal pocket depth of bleeding on probing (BOP)-positive sites. In the present study, we evaluated correlations between PISA and periodontal classifications, and examined PISA as an index integrating the discrete conventional periodontal indexes. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional subgroup analysis of data from a prospective cohort study investigating the association between chronic periodontitis and the clinical features of ankylosing spondylitis...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092845/clinical-predictors-for-lack-of-favorable-vascular-response-to-statin-therapy-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-a-serial-optical-coherence-tomography-study
#16
Yoshiyasu Minami, Zhao Wang, Aaron D Aguirre, Daniel S Ong, Chong-Jin Kim, Shiro Uemura, Tsunenari Soeda, Hang Lee, James Fujimoto, Ik-Kyung Jang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that statin therapy improves cardiac outcomes, probably by stabilizing thin-cap fibroatheroma in patients with coronary artery disease. However, major adverse cardiac events still occur in some patients, despite statin therapy. The aim of this study is to identify clinical predictors for the lack of a favorable vascular response to statin therapy in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 140 nonculprit plaques from 84 patients with coronary artery disease who were treated with a statin and had serial optical coherence tomography imaging (median interval, 6...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091778/risk-factors-for-amyloid-positivity-in-older-people-reporting-significant-memory-concern
#17
Jie Zhang, Wenjun Zhou, Ryan M Cassidy, Hang Su, Yindan Su, Xiangyang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to identify risk factors for the presence of amyloid accumulation in the brains of patients reporting subjective cognitive decline (SCD). Identifying such risk factors will help better identify patients who ought to receive neuroimaging studies to confirm plaque presence and begin intervention, as well as enhancing the study of the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. METHODS: Ninety-nine SCD participants (72.2±5.6years, 57...
October 6, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090475/a-multi-centre-randomized-clinical-trial-of-oral-hygiene-interventions-following-stroke-a-6-months-trial
#18
Normaliza Ab Malik, Saari Mohamad Yatim, Fathilah Abdul Razak, Otto Lok Tao Lam, Lijian Jin, Leonard S W Li, Colman McGrath
BACKGROUND: Maintaining good oral hygiene is important following stroke. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of two oral health promotion (OHP) programmes to reduce dental plaque levels following stroke. METHODS: A multi-center randomized clinical control trial was conducted among patients hospitalised following stroke in Malaysia. Patients were randomly allocated to two OHP groups: i) control group who received the conventional method for plaque control - daily manual tooth brushing with a standardized commercial toothpaste, ii) test group - who received an intense method for plaque control - daily powered tooth brushing with 1% Chlorhexidine gel...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083523/mri-of-plaque-characteristics-and-relationship-with-downstream-perfusion-and-cerebral-infarction-in-patients-with-symptomatic-middle-cerebral-artery-stenosis
#19
Shan-Shan Lu, Song Ge, Chun-Qiu Su, Jun Xie, Jian Mao, Hai-Bin Shi, Xun-Ning Hong
BACKGROUND: Intracranial plaque characteristics are associated with stroke events. Differences in plaque features may explain the disconnect between stenosis severity and the presence of ischemic stroke. PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between plaque characteristics and downstream perfusion changes, and their contribution to the occurrence of cerebral infarction beyond luminal stenosis. STUDY TYPE: Case control. SUBJECTS: Forty-six patients with symptomatic middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis (with acute cerebral infarction, n = 30; without acute cerebral infarction, n = 16)...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075645/incremental-value-of-plaque-enhancement-in-patients-with-moderate-or-severe-basilar-artery-stenosis-3-0%C3%A2-t-high-resolution-magnetic-resonance-study
#20
Wanqian Wang, Qi Yang, Debiao Li, Zhaoyang Fan, Xiaoming Bi, Xiangying Du, Fang Wu, Ye Wu, Kuncheng Li
AIM: To investigate the clinical relevance of plaque's morphological characteristics and distribution pattern using 3.0 T high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HRMRI) in patients with moderate or severe basilar artery (BA) atherosclerosis stenosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-seven patients (33 symptomatic patients and 24 asymptomatic patients) were recruited for 3.0 T HRMRI scan; all of them had >50% stenosis on the BA. The intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH), contrast-enhancement pattern, and distribution of BA plaques were compared between the symptomatic and asymptomatic groups...
2017: BioMed Research International
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