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Cardiac rehabilitation.

Alain Boussuges, Fabienne Brégeon, Philippe Blanc, Jean-Marie Gil, Laurent Poirette
BACKGROUND: M-mode ultrasonography might be useful for detecting hemidiaphragm paralysis. The objective of the present study was to describe the motion recorded by M-mode ultrasonography of both diaphragmatic leaves in patients with a pre-established diagnosis of hemidiaphragm paralysis. METHODS: A study was conducted in 26 patients (18 men, 8 women) with unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis. They were referred to two different rehabilitation centres after thoracic surgery in 23 cases and cardiac interventional procedures in three cases...
October 16, 2018: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
M V Mel'nikov, A V Sotnikov, V M Mel'nikov, G D Papava
The authors analysed the remote results of treatment of patients having endured embologenic arterial obstruction. Over the last 47 years, specialists of the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery No1 of the North-Western State Medical University named after I.I. Mechnikov have rendered emergency medical care to a total of 3,455 patients presenting with embolisms of the aorta and arteries of the limbs. The remote results of treatment were followed up in 978 patients within the terms varying from 1 year to 30 years...
2018: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
Alberto Jorge Alves, Norton Luís Oliveira, Susana Lopes, Maria-Arantzazu Ruescas-Nicolau, Madalena Teixeira, José Oliveira, Fernando Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Augmented arterial stiffness and reduced cardiorespiratory fitness are associated with increased morbidity and mortality from coronary artery disease (CAD). The relationship between exercise capacity and arterial stiffness is independent of known influencing variables in CAD. This study aimed to analyse the interaction between exercise capacity, arterial stiffness and early vascular ageing in patients with CAD. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 96 CAD patients with myocardial infarction (55...
September 19, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
David Katz, Donna Buchanan, Mark Vander Weg, Babalola Faseru, Philip A Horwitz, Philip Jones, John A Spertus
Outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (OCR) reinforces patients' efforts to quit smoking, but the association between participation in OCR and long-term smoking status after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is unknown. We studied hospitalized smokers with confirmed AMI from two multicenter prospective registries (PREMIER, from January 1, 2003, to June 28, 2004, and TRIUMPH, from April 11, 2005, to December 31, 2008) to describe the association of OCR participation with smoking cessation. Eligible patients smoked at least 1 cigarette per day on average in the 30 days prior to enrollment and completed 12-month follow-up (N = 1307)...
October 11, 2018: Preventive Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2018: Revista Española de Cardiología
Mengxin Cai, Qing'an Wang, Zhiwei Liu, Dandan Jia, Rui Feng, Zhenjun Tian
AIMS: Myocardial infarction (MI) is accompanied with skeletal muscle abnormalities. The aims are to explore an optimal exercise mode to improve cardiac function and prevent skeletal muscle atrophy, and detected the possible mechanisms of exercise-induced inhibition of muscle atrophy. MAIN METHODS: Rats were subjected to four weeks of different types of exercise after MI surgery (resistance training, RT; moderated-intensity continuous aerobic exercise, MCE and high-intensity intermittent aerobic exercise, HIA)...
October 9, 2018: Life Sciences
Koichi Toda, Yoshiki Sawa
Intraaortic balloon pumping(IABP)has been used in more than 20,000 cases annually in Japan and this old device may be used differently by less invasive approach via axillar artery, which enabled the patients to ambulate for rehabilitation. Impella, a newly developed microaxial blood pump, has been used as a less invasive left ventricular assist device in more than 50 case in the last 6 months since its approval in Japan. Our experiences in 11 patients indicated that it improved not only cardiac output, but also cardiac function, which resulted in cardiac recovery in 5 patients...
September 2018: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Pascal Amedro, Sophie Guillaumont, Charlene Bredy, Stefan Matecki, Arthur Gavotto
Nearly four decades ago, the World Health Organization stated that functional capacity explorations best reflected the impact of a chronic disease on quality of life. Today, cardio-pulmonary exercise test (CPET) is recommended in the follow-up of patients with congenital heart diseases (CHDs). Indeed, the maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max ) and the ventilatory efficiency (VE/VCO2 slope) correlate with both the prognosis and the quality of life in this population. Atrial septal defects (ASDs) represent the second most frequent CHD and are usually considered as simple CHDs...
September 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
John Wallert, Emelie Gustafson, Claes Held, Guy Madison, Fredrika Norlund, Louise von Essen, Erik Martin Gustaf Olsson
BACKGROUND: Low adherence to recommended treatments is a multifactorial problem for patients in rehabilitation after myocardial infarction (MI). In a nationwide trial of internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (iCBT) for the high-risk subgroup of patients with MI also reporting symptoms of anxiety, depression, or both (MI-ANXDEP), adherence was low. Since low adherence to psychotherapy leads to a waste of therapeutic resources and risky treatment abortion in MI-ANXDEP patients, identifying early predictors for adherence is potentially valuable for effective targeted care...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Hasnain M Dalal, Rod S Taylor, Kate Jolly, Russell C Davis, Patrick Doherty, Jackie Miles, Robin van Lingen, Fiona C Warren, Colin Green, Jennifer Wingham, Colin Greaves, Susannah Sadler, Melvyn Hillsdon, Charles Abraham, Nicky Britten, Julia Frost, Sally Singh, Christopher Hayward, Victoria Eyre, Kevin Paul, Chim C Lang, Karen Smith
Background Cardiac rehabilitation improves health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and reduces hospitalizations in patients with heart failure, but international uptake of cardiac rehabilitation for heart failure remains low. Design and methods The aim of this multicentre randomized trial was to compare the REACH-HF (Rehabilitation EnAblement in CHronicHeart Failure) intervention, a facilitated self-care and home-based cardiac rehabilitation programme to usual care for adults with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF)...
October 10, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Tamara B Horwich, Gregg C Fonarow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
Egle Tamuleviciute-Prasciene, Kristina Drulyte, Greta Jurenaite, Raimondas Kubilius, Birna Bjarnason-Wehrens
The aim of this literature review was to evaluate existing evidence on exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) as a treatment option for elderly frail patients with valvular heart disease (VHD). Pubmed database was searched for articles between 1980 and January 2018. From 2623 articles screened, 61 on frailty and VHD and 12 on exercise-based training for patients with VHD were included in the analysis. We studied and described frailty assessment in this patient population. Studies reporting results of exercise training in patients after surgical/interventional VHD treatment were analyzed regarding contents and outcomes...
2018: BioMed Research International
Christian Butter, Jessica Groß, Anja Haase-Fielitz, Helen Sims, Cornelia Deutsch, Peter Bramlage, Michael Neuss
The benefit of rehabilitation in elderly patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for treatment of severe aortic stenosis is unknown. The impact of declining rehabilitation programs on mortality has also not been described. In a longitudinal cohort study of 1056 patients undergoing elective TAVI between 2008 and 2016, logistic regression analysis was used to assess the relationship between treatment modality and outcome according to whether or not patients participated in a three-week rehabilitation program after TAVI...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
M Caru, D Curnier, M Bousquet, L Kern
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases represent the main cause of death in the world. Rehabilitation through exercise is more and more used in cardiac patients. Given that these patients suffer from depressive symptoms, the risk of having recurrent cardiovascular problems increases. Thus, the aim of this study is to identify the effects of a rehabilitation program on the physiological and psychological parameters; with a particular attention on the depression scores between the scales. METHODS: Twenty-eight cardiac patients participated in this study during a cardiovascular rehabilitation program...
October 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Martyn C Jones, Karen Smith, Oliver Herber, Myra White, Fiona Steele, Derek W Johnston
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitationis effective in promoting physical/psychological recovery following acute coronary syndrome. Yet, rates of attendance at outpatient cardiac rehabilitation by eligible patients are low. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the determinants of attendance at outpatient cardiac rehabilitation in acute coronary syndrome patients following discharge until cardiac rehabilitation commencement. DESIGN: A weekly electronic diary measured cardiac-related cognitions and mood and examined their relation to attendance at outpatient cardiac rehabilitation...
September 9, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Raphael Martins de Abreu, Patrícia Rehder-Santos, Rodrigo Polaquini Simões, Aparecida Maria Catai
BACKGROUND: High intensity interval training (HIIT) has been used as a cardiovascular exercise strategy to promote greater adherence in cardiovascular rehabilitation. However, little is known about the effect of this training modality on cardiac autonomic control. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review to evaluate the effects of HIIT on cardiac autonomic responses in humans. METHODS: PEDro, SCOPUS and PubMed were searched from the inception to March 29th, 2018...
October 2, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Laura Stefani, Riggs Klika, Gabriele Mascherini, Francesca Mazzoni, Alice Lunghi, Cristian Petri, Paolo Petreni, Francesco Di Costanzo, Nicola Maffulli, Giorgio Galanti
BACKGROUND: Aerobic and resistance exercises have been promoted recently to improve quality of life in cancer patients. Most cancer survivorship rehabilitation programs consists of supervised exercise programs; however, less data is available on the effects of unsupervised or home-based exercise interventions. The study aimed to compare the physical and physiologic changes in a group of cancer survivors (CS) and a control group of non-cancer, health controls (HC) who participated in individualized home-based aerobic and resistance exercises for 12 months...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
B Pavy, S Corone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
Louisa Y Herring, Helen Dallosso, Sudesna Chatterjee, Danielle Bodicoat, Sally Schreder, Kamlesh Khunti, Tom Yates, Sam Seidu, Ian Hudson, Melanie J Davies
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD) represents approximately 13% of deaths worldwide and is the leading cause of death in the UK with considerable associated health care costs. After a CHD event, timely cardiac rehabilitation optimises patient outcomes. However, a high percentage of these services do not meet necessary performance indicators such as course length and follow-up attendance. Uptake of such services is only 50% in UK patients and support provided 12 months after an event is often limited...
October 4, 2018: Trials
Gabriela Suellen da Silva Chaves, Gabriela Lima de Melo Ghisi, Sherry L Grace, Paul Oh, Antonio L Ribeiro, Raquel R Britto
OBJECTIVE: Despite the growing epidemic of cardiovascular diseases in middle-income countries, there is insufficient evidence about cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in these countries. Thus, the effects of comprehensive CR on functional capacity and risk factors were investigated in Brazil, to test the hypothesis that it results in better outcomes than exercise-only or no CR. METHODS: Single-blinded, randomised controlled trial with three parallel arms: comprehensive CR (exercise+education) versus exercise-only CR versus wait-list control...
October 3, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
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