keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Basal metabolic rate

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727048/nutrient-composition-digestible-and-metabolizable-energy-content-and-prediction-of-energy-for-animal-protein-byproducts-in-finishing-pig-diets
#1
B J Kerr, R Jha, P E Urriola, G C Shurson
An industry survey and animal experiment were conducted to evaluate compositional variability and DE and ME content of animal protein byproducts and to generate equations to predict DE and ME content based on chemical analysis. For the 220 samples collected, the greatest concentration of CP was observed in blood meal (BM) and the least in meat and bone meal (MBM) and the greatest concentration of ether extract was in meat meal and the least in BM, with ash content greatest in MBM and least in BM, with Ca and P levels being 36...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722271/beyond-glycemic-control-a-cross-over-double-blind-24-week-intervention-with-liraglutide-in-type-1-diabetes
#2
M-C Dubé, M D'Amours, S J Weisnagel
AIMS: To investigate the effects of 24 weeks of treatment with liraglutide added to basal/bolus insulin on anthropometric and metabolic parameters in overweight participants with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: In a double-blind cross-over fashion, 15 participants were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive placebo (saline solution) or liraglutide for 24 weeks including a one-month titration period from 0.6 mg to 1.2 mg to 1.8 mg, in addition to their insulin. The treatment was followed by a 1 month wash-out period...
July 18, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711354/the-roles-of-metabolic-thermogenesis-in-body-fat-regulation-in-striped-hamsters-fed-high-fat-diet-at-different-temperatures
#3
Lu-Lu Shi, Wei-Jia Fan, Ji-Ying Zhang, Xiao-Ya Zhao, Song Tan, Jing Wen, Jing Cao, Xue-Ying Zhang, Qing-Sheng Chi, De-Hua Wang, Zhi-Jun Zhao
The metabolic thermogenesis plays important roles in thermoregulation, and it may be also involved in body fat regulation. The thermogenesis of brown adipose tissue (BAT) is largely affected by ambient temperature, but it is unclear if the roles in body fat regulation are dependent on the temperature. In the present study, uncoupling protein 1 (ucp1)-based BAT thermogenesis, energy budget and body fat content were examined in the striped hamsters fed high fat diet (HF) at cold (5°C) and warm (30°C) temperatures...
July 12, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708118/low-energy-turnover-of-physically-inactive-participants-as-a-determinant-of-insufficient-mineral-and-vitamin-intake-in-nhanes
#4
Juliane Heydenreich, Katarina Melzer, Céline Flury, Bengt Kayser
Micronutrient requirements do not scale linearly with physical activity-related energy expenditure (AEE). Inactive persons may have insufficient micronutrient intake because of low energy intake (EI). We extracted data from NHANES 2003-2006 on 4015 adults (53 ± 18 years (mean ± SD), 29 ± 6 kg/m², 48% women) with valid physical activity (accelerometry) and food intake (2 × 24 h-dietary recall) measures. Total energy expenditure (TEE) was estimated by summing the basal metabolic rate (BMR, Harris-Benedict), AEE, and 10% of TEE for the thermic effect of food, to calculate the physical activity levels (PAL = TEE/BMR)...
July 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697018/the-renaissance-man-of-burn-surgery-basil-a-pruitt-jr
#5
Karel D Capek, Guillermo Foncerrada, R Patrick Clayton, Michaela Sljivich, Charles D Voigt, Gabriel Hundeshagen, Janos Cambiaso-Daniel, Craig Porter, Ashley Guillory, David N Herndon
Dr. Basil A. Pruitt Jr., a consummate clinical and translational surgeon-scientist, has been spent over half a century at the forefront of an advancing standard of burn care. Commanding the US Army Institute for Surgical Research in San Antonio, he trained generations of leading burn clinicians and allied scientists. At his direction, there were forged discoveries in resuscitation from shock, treatment of inhalation injury, control of burn-related infections, prevention of iatrogenic complications, and understanding the sympathetic, endocrine, and immune responses to burn injury...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694839/gene-expression-profiling-of-whole-blood-cells-supports-a-more-efficient-mitochondrial-respiration-in-hypoxia-challenged-gilthead-sea-bream-sparus-aurata
#6
Juan Antonio Martos-Sitcha, Azucena Bermejo-Nogales, Josep Alvar Calduch-Giner, Jaume Pérez-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: Acclimation to abiotic challenges, including decreases in O2 availability, requires physiological and anatomical phenotyping to accommodate the organism to the environmental conditions. The retention of a nucleus and functional mitochondria in mature fish red blood cells makes blood a promising tissue to analyse the transcriptome and metabolic responses of hypoxia-challenged fish in an integrative and non-invasive manner. METHODS: Juvenile gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) were reared at 20-21 °C under normoxic conditions (> 85% O2 saturation) followed by exposure to a gradual decrease in water O2 concentration to 3...
2017: Frontiers in Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693090/-study-of-basal-metabolic-rate-of-81-young-adults-aged-20-29-years-old-in-changsha
#7
X Zhou, D Q Mao, J Y Luo, J H Wu, Q Zhuo, Y M Li
Objective: To determine the basal metabolic rate (BMR) of young adults aged between 20-29 years old in Changsha. Methods: We recruited volunteers to join in our research project from April to May, 2015. All recruited volunteers must meet the inclusion criteria: aged 20-29 years old, height between 164-180 centimeters in males and 154-167 centimeters in females, in good health condition, and with no habit of regular physical exercise in last year. Finally, 81 qualified volunteers were selected as research objects, including 43 males and 38 females...
July 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689725/phylogenetic-analysis-of-the-allometry-of-metabolic-rate-and-mitochondrial-basal-proton-leak
#8
Elias T Polymeropoulos, R Oelkrug, C R White, M Jastroch
The mitochondrial basal proton leak (MBPL) significantly contributes to high body temperatures (Tb) and basal metabolic rates (BMR) in endotherms. In endotherms at a given body mass (M), liver MBPL is higher than in ectotherms, supporting the notion that MBPL may partly explain the evolutionary increase in metabolic rate (MR), fostering endothermy. Here, we re-addressed this assumption by performing a phylogenetic analysis comparing all available liver MBPL data for ecto- and endotherms. While MBPL within endotherms negatively scales with M and BMR as shown previously, MBPL of ectotherms does not scale allometrically with M...
August 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689503/long-term-adaptation-capacity-of-ponies-effect-of-season-and-feed-restriction-on-blood-and-physiological-parameters
#9
L Brinkmann, A Riek, M Gerken
Domesticated horses are increasingly kept under semi-natural housing conditions, whereas their adaptation capacity is not fully investigated. In all, 10 Shetland pony mares were held under semi-extensive conditions for 1 year. In winter animals were allocated into two feeding groups (60% and 100% of maintenance energy requirement, respectively). Triiodothyronine, thyroxine, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), total bilirubin, total protein, triglyceride, glucose, insulin and hair length were measured at monthly intervals, whereas BW, body condition score, cresty neck score and resting heart rate were recorded every 2 weeks...
July 10, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684463/individual-variation-in-metabolic-reaction-norms-over-ambient-temperature-causes-low-correlation-between-basal-and-standard-metabolic-rate
#10
Michael Briga, Simon Verhulst
Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is often assumed to be indicative of the energy turnover at ambient temperatures (Ta) below the thermoneutral zone (SMR), but this assumption has remained largely untested. Using a new statistical approach, we quantified the consistency in nocturnal metabolic rate across a temperature range in zebra finches (n=3,213 measurements on 407 individuals) living permanently in eight outdoor aviaries. Foraging conditions were either benign or harsh, and body mass and mass-adjusted BMRm and SMRm were lower in individuals living in a harsh foraging environment...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681749/bilateral-anterior-capsulotomy-for-patients-with-refractory-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-multicenter-long-term-follow-up-study
#11
Hong Bin Liu, Qi Zhong, Wei Wang
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this retrospective study were to analyze the short-term and long-term effects and complications of stereotactic anterior capsulotomy for patients with refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The advantages and disadvantages of stereotactic anterior capsulotomy have been discussed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between October 2007 and June 2010, 37 patients with OCD underwent anterior capsulotomy in West China Hospital of Sichuan University or Mian Yang Central Hospital...
July 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671646/glucose-uptake-measurement-and-response-to-insulin-stimulation-in-in-vitro-cultured-human-primary-myotubes
#12
Stephanie Chanon, Christine Durand, Aurelie Vieille-Marchiset, Maud Robert, Charna Dibner, Chantal Simon, Etienne Lefai
Skeletal muscle is the largest glucose deposit in mammals and largely contributes to glucose homeostasis. Assessment of insulin sensitivity of muscle cells is of major relevance for all studies dedicated to exploring muscle glucose metabolism and characterizing metabolic alterations. In muscle cells, glucose transporter type 4 (GLUT4) proteins translocate to the plasma membrane in response to insulin, thus allowing massive entry of glucose into the cell. The ability of muscle cells to respond to insulin by increasing the rate of glucose uptake is one of the standard readouts to quantify muscle cell sensitivity to insulin...
June 25, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668499/the-difficulty-with-correlations-energy-expenditure-and-brain-mass-in-bats
#13
Brian K McNab, Meike Köhler
Brain mass has been suggested to determine a mammal's energy expenditure. This potential dependence is examined in 48 species of bats. A correlation between characters may be direct or derived from shared correlations with intervening factors without a direct interaction. Basal rate of metabolism in these bats increases with brain mass: large brains are more expensive than small brains, and both brain mass and basal rate increase with body mass. Basal rate and brain mass also correlate with food habits in bats...
June 29, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667170/isolated-cardiac-sarcoidosis-masquerading-as-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-ventricular-tachycardia
#14
Auras R Atreya, Mitkumar Patel, Senthil K Sivalingam, Mathias L Stoenescu
A 67-year-old man with coronary artery disease (CAD) and left anterior descending artery (LAD) stent presented with symptomatic monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) at a rate of 190 bpm requiring cardioversion. ECG showed left bundle branch block pattern and inferior axis, suggestive of a right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) focus rather than left ventricular scar due to LAD territory myocardial infarction (MI). Echocardiography showed normal wall motion. Angiography revealed a patent mid-LAD stent. Cardiac MRI with delayed postcontrast sequence revealed several regions of hyperenhancement abnormality within the basal portion of the interventricular septum...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667052/hearts-lacking-plasma-membrane-katp-channels-display-changes-in-basal-aerobic-metabolic-substrate-preference-and-ampk-activity
#15
Nermeen Youssef, Scott Campbell, Amy Barr, Manoj Gandhi, Beth Hunter, Vernon Dolinksy, Jason R B Dyck, Alexander S Clanachan, Peter E Light
Cardiac ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels couple changes in cellular metabolism to membrane excitability and are activated during metabolic stress. Although under basal aerobic conditions, KATP channels are thought to be predominately closed. Despite intense research into the roles of KATP channels during metabolic stress, their contribution to aerobic basal cardiac metabolism has not been investigated previously. METHODS: Hearts from Kir6.2+/+ and Kir6.2 -/- mice were perfused in working mode and rates of glycolysis, fatty acid oxidation and glucose oxidation were measured...
June 30, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664140/energy-metabolism-and-whole-exome-sequencing-based-analysis-of-sasang-constitution-a-pilot-study
#16
Hyoung Kyu Kim, Heetak Lee, Ji Ho So, Seung Hun Jeong, Dae Yun Seo, Jong-Yeol Kim, Sanguk Kim, Jin Han
BACKGROUND: Traditional Korean Sasang constitutional (SC) medicine categorizes individuals into four constitutional types [Tae-eum (TE), So-eum (SE), Tae-yang (TY), or So-yang (SY)] based on biological and physiological characteristics. As these characteristics are closely related to the bioenergetics of the human body, we assessed the correlation between SC type and energy metabolism features. METHODS: Forty healthy, young (22.3 ± 1.4 years) males volunteered to participate in this study...
June 2017: Integrative medicine research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642596/sgbs-cells-as-a-model-of-human-adipocyte-browning-a-comprehensive-comparative-study-with-primary-human-white-subcutaneous-adipocytes
#17
Chia Rou Yeo, Madhur Agrawal, Shawn Hoon, Asim Shabbir, Manu Kunaal Shrivastava, Shiqi Huang, Chin Meng Khoo, Vanna Chhay, M Shabeer Yassin, E Shyong Tai, Antonio Vidal-Puig, Sue-Anne Toh
The Simpson Golabi Behmel Syndrome (SGBS) pre-adipocyte cell strain is widely considered to be a representative in vitro model of human white pre-adipocytes. A recent study suggested that SGBS adipocytes exhibit an unexpected transient brown phenotype. Here, we comprehensively examined key differences between SGBS adipocytes and primary human white subcutaneous (PHWSC) adipocytes. RNA-Seq analysis revealed that extracellular matrix (ECM)-receptor interaction and metabolic pathways were the top two KEGG pathways significantly enriched in SGBS adipocytes, which included positively enriched mitochondrial respiration and oxidation pathways...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625978/the-alkylating-chemotherapeutic-temozolomide-induces-metabolic-stress-in-idh1-mutant-cancers-and-potentiates-nad-depletion-mediated-cytotoxicity
#18
Kensuke Tateishi, Fumi Higuchi, Julie Miller, Mara V A Koerner, Nina Lelic, Ganesh M Shankar, Shota Tanaka, David E Fisher, Tracy Batchelor, A John Iafrate, Hiroaki Wakimoto, Andrew S Chi, Daniel P Cahill
IDH1-mutant gliomas are dependent upon the canonical coenzyme nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) for survival. It is known that Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activation consumes NAD+ during base excision repair (BER) of chemotherapy-induced DNA damage. We therefore hypothesized that a strategy combining NAD+ biosynthesis inhibitors with the alkylating chemotherapeutic agent temozolomide (TMZ) could potentiate NAD+ depletion-mediated cytotoxicity in mutant IDH1 cancer cells. To investigate the impact of TMZ on NAD+ metabolism, patient-derived xenografts and engineered mutant IDH1-expressing cell lines were exposed to TMZ, in vitro and in vivo, both alone and in combination with nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) inhibitors, which block NAD+ biosynthesis...
June 16, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625926/prenatal-caffeine-exposure-induced-high-susceptibility-to-metabolic-syndrome-in-adult-female-offspring-rats-and-its-underlying-mechanisms
#19
Lin-Guo Pei, Chao Yuan, Yi-Tian Guo, Hao Kou, Li-Ping Xia, Li Zhang, You-E Yan, Dan Xu, Hui Wang
Our previous studies have demonstrated that prenatal caffeine exposure (PCE) induced an intrauterine programming of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPAA)-associated neuroendocrine metabolism in 3-month-old offspring rats. In this study, we aimed to confirm this programming disorder and high susceptibility to metabolic syndrome (MS) in 10-month-old female PCE offspring with postnatal catch-up growth. We found that PCE female offspring rats showed decreased bodyweight but a higher rate of weight gain after birth...
June 15, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625550/maternal-exposure-to-western-diet-affects-adult-body-composition-and-voluntary-wheel-running-in-a-genotype-specific-manner-in-mice
#20
Layla Hiramatsu, Jarren C Kay, Zoe Thompson, Jennifer M Singleton, Gerald C Claghorn, Ralph L Albuquerque, Brittany Ho, Brett Ho, Gabriela Sanchez, Theodore Garland
Some human diseases, including obesity, Type II diabetes, and numerous cancers, are thought to be influenced by environments experienced in early life, including in utero. Maternal diet during the perinatal period may be especially important for adult offspring energy balance, potentially affecting both body composition and physical activity. This effect may be mediated by the genetic background of individuals, including, for example, potential "protective" mechanisms for individuals with inherently high levels of physical activity or high basal metabolic rates...
June 15, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
keyword
keyword
16458
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"