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Schistosoma mansoni

Sutas Suttiprapa, Gabriel Rinaldi, Isheng J Tsai, Victoria H Mann, Larisa Dubrovsky, Hong-Bin Yan, Nancy Holroyd, Thomas Huckvale, Caroline Durrant, Anna V Protasio, Tatiana Pushkarsky, Sergey Iordanskiy, Matthew Berriman, Michael I Bukrinsky, Paul J Brindley
Schistosomiasis is the most important helminthic disease of humanity in terms of morbidity and mortality. Facile manipulation of schistosomes using lentiviruses would enable advances in functional genomics in these and related neglected tropical diseases pathogens including tapeworms, and including their non-dividing cells. Such approaches have hitherto been unavailable. Blood stream forms of the human blood fluke, Schistosoma mansoni, the causative agent of the hepatointestinal schistosomiasis, were infected with the human HIV-1 isolate NL4-3 pseudotyped with vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein...
October 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Margarida Ressurreição, Firat Elbeyioglu, Ruth S Kirk, David Rollinson, Aidan M Emery, Nigel M Page, Anthony J Walker
During infection of their human definitive host, schistosomes transform rapidly from free-swimming infective cercariae in freshwater to endoparasitic schistosomules. The 'somules' next migrate within the skin to access the vasculature and are surrounded by host molecules that might activate intracellular pathways that influence somule survival, development and/or behaviour. However, such 'transactivation' by host factors in schistosomes is not well defined. In the present study, we have characterized and functionally localized the dynamics of protein kinase C (PKC) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activation during early somule development in vitro and demonstrate activation of these protein kinases by human epidermal growth factor, insulin, and insulin-like growth factor I, particularly at the parasite surface...
October 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
Thiago Almeida Pereira, Wing-Kin Syn, Frederico Figueiredo Amâncio, Pedro Henrique Diniz Cunha, Julia Fonseca Morais Caporali, Guilherme Vaz de Melo Trindade, Elisângela Trindade Santos, Márcia Maria Souza, Zilton Araújo Andrade, Rafal P Witek, William Evan Secor, Fausto Edmundo Lima Pereira, José Roberto Lambertucci, Anna Mae Diehl
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic acute schistosomiasis mansoni is a systemic hypersensitivity reaction against the migrating schistosomula and mature eggs after a primary infection. The mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of acute schistosomiasis are not fully elucidated. Osteopontin has been implicated in granulomatous reactions and in acute hepatic injury. Our aims were to evaluate if osteopontin plays a role in acute Schistosoma mansoni infection in both human and experimentally infected mice and if circulating OPN levels could be a novel biomarker of this infection...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Soad Nady, Mohamed Tarek M Shata, Mohammad A Mohey, Ayatollah El-Shorbagy
The role of T helper-17 (Th17) lymphocytes in the regulation of Schistosoma mansoni Soluble Egg Ags (SEA)-induced granuloma is unknown. The present study examined the effect of Th17 cytokines (IL-17 and IL-22) on granulocytes recruitment and functions during SEA-induced granuloma formation in vitro in Schistosoma-infected and non-infected individuals. Granulocytes were isolated from 27 Schistosoma-infected patients and 13 controls and were used for granuloma induction using SEA-conjugated polyacrylamide beads in the presence of Th17 cytokines...
October 14, 2016: Parasite Immunology
Julie N R Collins, James J Collins
Schistosomes are flatworm parasites that claim the lives of more than 200,000 people in poverty-stricken regions every year. Much of the pathology due to infection is the direct result of injury spurred by the parasite's eggs becoming lodged in host tissues. Thus, asking basic questions about germ cell biology may not only identify novel therapeutic approaches, but could also uncover conserved mechanisms that regulate the germline in diverse metazoa. Here, we detail useful methods for studying the schistosome germline including EdU labeling, whole-mount in situ hybridization, and RNA interference...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Arminder Deol, Joanne P Webster, Martin Walker, Maria-Gloria Basáñez, T Déirdre Hollingsworth, Fiona M Fleming, Antonio Montresor, Michael D French
BACKGROUND: Understanding whether schistosomiasis control programmes are on course to control morbidity and potentially switch towards elimination interventions would benefit from user-friendly quantitative tools that facilitate analysis of progress and highlight areas not responding to treatment. This study aimed to develop and evaluate such a tool using large datasets collected during Schistosomiasis Control Initiative-supported control programmes. METHODS: A discrete-time Markov model was developed using transition probability matrices parameterized with control programme longitudinal data on Schistosoma mansoni obtained from Uganda and Mali...
October 12, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
Adane Derso, Endalkachew Nibret, Abaineh Munshea
BACKGROUND: Parasitic infections affect tens of millions of pregnant women worldwide, and directly or indirectly lead to a spectrum of adverse maternal and fetal/placental effects. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of intestinal parasite infections and associated risk factors among pregnant women attending antenatal care center in Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, Bahir Dar city, northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional hospital based study was conducted from November 2013 to January 2014 among 384 pregnant women...
September 30, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Anna Leonidova, Mireille Vargas, Jörg Huwyler, Jennifer Keiser
One of the major neglected tropical diseases, schistosomiasis, is currently treated and controlled with a single drug, praziquantel. The quest for an alternative drug is fueled by its lack of activity against juvenile Schistosoma and the fear of emerging resistance. The synthetic ozonide OZ418 has shown high activity against Schistosoma mansoni, S. haematobium and S. japonicum in vivo, but its drug disposition remains unknown. To bridge this gap, our study determined the basic pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of a single oral dose (400 mg/kg) of OZ418 in uninfected mice...
October 3, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
M Bagayan, D Zongo, A Oueda, H Sorgho, B Savadogo, F Drabo, A Ouedraogo, J N Poda, B G Kabre, Y Zhang
To determine the current status of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections among schoolchildren after 10 years of mass treatment with praziquantel. Parasitological surveys were conducted in 2013 in 22 primary schools located in 11 regions of Burkina Faso. Urine filtration methods and Kato-Katz techniques for stool were used to detect the eggs of Schistosoma hæmatobium, Schistosoma mansoni, and STH. 3514 schoolchildren aged from 7 to 11 (1.415 ± 9) years participated in the study. The prevalence of S...
August 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
Milagro Fernández-Delgado, Jackeline Cortez, Guiden Sulbarán, César Matos, Renzo Nino Incani, Diana E Ballén, Italo M Cesari
Schistosoma mansoni enzymes play important roles in host-parasite interactions and are potential targets for immunological and/or pharmacological attack. The aim of this study was to comparatively assess the presence of hydrolytic activities (phosphatases, glycosidases, aminopeptidases) in soluble (SF) and membrane (MF) fractions from different S. mansoni developmental stages (schistosomula 0 and 3h, juveniles, and adult worms of 28 and 45days-old, respectively), by using simple enzyme-substrate microassays...
September 28, 2016: Parasitology International
Ana Eliza Zeraik, Margarita Staykova, Marina Gabriel Fontes, Indrė Nemuraitė, Roy Quinlan, Ana Paula Ulian Araújo, Ricardo DeMarco
Septins are GTP-binding proteins that are highly conserved among eukaryotes and which are usually membrane-associated. They have been linked to several critical cellular functions such as exocytosis and ciliogenesis, but little mechanistic detail is known. Their assembly into filaments and membrane binding properties are incompletely understood and that is specially so for non-human septins where such information would offer therapeutic potential. In this study we use Schistosoma mansoni, exhibiting just four septin genes, as a simpler model for characterizing the septin structure and organization...
September 26, 2016: Biochimie
E A F Camargo, J T F Camargo, M F Neves, L F Simões, L A D Bastos, L A Magalhães, E M Zanotti-Magalhães
Fluctuations in population density of planorbid hosts of S. mansoni are influenced by climatic factors. The knowledge about interference from changes in water temperature in these populations is an important aspect of the epidemiology of schistosomiasis. In this experiment, it is explored the influence of different temperatures on the development of Schistosoma mansoni in Biomphalaria glabrata melanic and albino variants. The results indicated an intrinsic relationship between temperature and development of the parasite in the intramollusc phase, independent of the pigmentation of the mantle of the molluscs...
September 26, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
L R Guerino, J F Carvalho, L A Magalhães, E M Zanotti-Magalhães
The easy adaptation of Angiostrongylus costaricensis, nematode responsible for abdominal angiostrongyliasis to several species of terrestrial and freshwater molluscs and the differences observed in the interactions of trematodes with their intermediate hosts have induced us to study the concomitant infection of Biomphalaria glabrata with Schistosoma mansoni and A. costaricensis. Prior exposure of B. glabrata to A. costaricensis (with an interval of 48 hours), favored the development of S. mansoni, observing higher infection rate, increased release of cercariae and increased survival of molluscs, when compared to molluscs exposed only to S...
September 26, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
L F Simões, L D B Bastos, E A F Camargo, M F Neves, A X Linhares, L A Magalhães, E M Zanotti-Magalhães
Biomphalaria amazonica is a planorbid species considered a potential host of Schistosoma mansoni. It is widely distributed in the Neotropical zone, particularly in the North and Centre-West of Brazil and in the North of Bolivia. The aim of the present study was to determine the host-parasite relationship between B. amazonica and S. mansoni (BH and SJ strains). Specimens of B. amazonica and their snail-conditioned water were examined in terms of their ability to attract miracidia. The infectivity of the mollusks was determined by exposing them to 20 miracidia of both strains...
September 26, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
Marion A L Picard, Jérôme Boissier, David Roquis, Christoph Grunau, Jean-François Allienne, David Duval, Eve Toulza, Nathalie Arancibia, Conor R Caffrey, Thavy Long, Sabine Nidelet, Marine Rohmer, Céline Cosseau
BACKGROUND: Among more than 20,000 species of hermaphroditic trematodes, Schistosomatidae are unusual since they have evolved gonochorism. In schistosomes, sex is determined by a female heterogametic system, but phenotypic sexual dimorphism appears only after infection of the vertebrate definitive host. The completion of gonad maturation occurs even later, after pairing. To date, the molecular mechanisms that trigger the sexual differentiation in these species remain unknown, and in vivo studies on the developing schistosomulum stages are lacking...
September 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Maysa Ahmad Eraky, Nagwa Shaban Mohamed Aly, Rabab Fawzy Selem, Asmaa Abd El-Monem El-Kholy, Gehan Abd El-Rahman Rashed
There is renewed interest in natural products as a starting point for discovery of drugs for schistosomiasis. Recent studies have shown that phytol reveals interesting in vivo and in vitro antischistosomal properties against Schistosoma mansoni adult worms. Here, we report the in vitro antischistosomal activity of phytol against Schistosoma haematobium juvenile and adult worms and alterations on the tegumental surface of the worms by means of scanning electron microscopy. The assay, which was carried out with 6 concentrations (25, 50, 75, 100, 125, and 150 μg/ml) of phytol, has shown a promising activity in a dose and time-dependent manner...
August 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
Rocio Karina S A A Cabello, Lilian C N H Beck, Cristiano L Massara, Felipe L G Murta, Ricardo J P S Guimarães, Otávio S Pieri, Virginia T Schall, Tereza C Favre
As a signatory to World Health Assembly Resolution WHA65.21 on eliminating schistosomiasis, the Brazilian Ministry of Health (MoH) recommends early identification and timely treatment of the infection carriers for morbidity control, plus complementary preventive measures, such as health education, for transmission control. This study reports infection and awareness of schistosomiasis among schoolchildren before the implementation of school-based educational actions in an endemic municipality with persisting moderate prevalence levels despite successive control campaigns since the late 1990s...
September 16, 2016: Acta Tropica
Pelagie M Boko, Moudachirou Ibikounle, Ablawa Onzo-Aboki, Jean-Jacques Tougoue, Yollande Sissinto, Wilfrid Batcho, Dorothe Kinde-Gazard, Achille Kabore
In 2013, Benin developed strategies to control neglected tropical diseases and one of the first step was the disease mapping of the entire country in order to identify endemic districts of schistosomiasis and soil transmitted helminths (STH). This study was carried out in 30 of the 77 districts of Benin. Of these 30 districts 22 were previously treated for Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) using the Ivermectin and Albendazole combination. In each district, five schools were selected and 50 children aged 8 to 14 years were sampled in each school, making a total of 250 children sampled in the district...
2016: PloS One
Huguette Nguedie Tchouanguem, Florent Ymele Fouelifack, Basile Keugoung, Loic Dongmo Fouelifa, Roger Somo Moyou
INTRODUCTION: Schistosomiasis, the second endemic parasitic infection in the world, is a parasitosis caused by trematodes from the genus Schistosoma. Our study aims to assess the prevalence of different species of schistosomes (Schistosoma mansoni, haematobium and intercalatum) among schoolchildren and to identify risk factors, clinical signs of schistosomiasis, and schistosomiasis intermediate host snails in stagnant water. METHODS: We conducted a cross sectional study over a three months period...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Débora Orcia, Ana Eliza Zeraik, José L S Lopes, Joci N A Macedo, Clarissa Romano Dos Santos, Katia C Oliveira, Leticia Anderson, B A Wallace, Sergio Verjovski-Almeida, Ana Paula Ulian Araujo, Ricardo DeMarco
BACKGROUND: The Micro-Exon Gene-14 (MEG-14) displays a remarkable structure that allows the generation of antigenic variation in Schistosomes. Previous studies showed that the soluble portion of the MEG-14 protein displays features of an intrinsically disordered protein and is expressed exclusively in the parasite esophageal gland. These features indicated a potential for interaction with host proteins present in the plasma and cells from ingested blood. METHODS: A yeast two-hybrid experiment using as bait the soluble domain of Schistosoma mansoni MEG-14 (sMEG-14) against a human leukocyte cDNA library was performed...
September 15, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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