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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332738/phosphate-modified-screen-printed-electrodes-by-lift-treatment-for-glucose-detection
#1
Francesco Milano, Livia Giotta, Daniela Chirizzi, Simos Papazoglou, Christina Kryou, Annarita De Bartolomeo, Vincenzo De Leo, Maria Rachele Guascito, Ioanna Zergioti
The design of new materials as active layers is important for electrochemical sensor and biosensor development. Among the techniques for the modification and functionalization of electrodes, the laser induced forward transfer (LIFT) has emerged as a powerful physisorption method for the deposition of various materials (even labile materials like enzymes) that results in intimate and stable contact with target surface. In this work, Pt, Au, and glassy carbon screen printed electrodes (SPEs) treated by LIFT with phosphate buffer have been characterized by scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy to reveal a flattening effect of all surfaces...
October 16, 2018: Biosensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324029/the-material-weight-illusion-is-a-bayes-optimal-percept-under-competing-density-priors
#2
Megan A K Peters, Ling-Qi Zhang, Ladan Shams
The material-weight illusion (MWI) is one example in a class of weight perception illusions that seem to defy principled explanation. In this illusion, when an observer lifts two objects of the same size and mass, but that appear to be made of different materials, the denser-looking (e.g., metal-look) object is perceived as lighter than the less-dense-looking (e.g., polystyrene-look) object. Like the size-weight illusion (SWI), this perceptual illusion occurs in the opposite direction of predictions from an optimal Bayesian inference process, which predicts that the denser-looking object should be perceived as heavier , not lighter...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30323114/how-the-hummingbird-wingbeat-is-tuned-for-efficient-hovering
#3
Rivers Ingersoll, David Lentink
Both hummingbirds and insects flap their wings to hover. Some insects, like fruit flies, improve efficiency by lifting their body weight equally over the upstroke and downstroke, while utilizing elastic recoil during stroke reversal. It is unclear whether hummingbirds converged on a similar elastic storage solution, because of asymmetries in their lift generation and specialized flight muscle apparatus. The muscles are activated a quarter of a stroke earlier than in larger birds, and contract superfast, which cannot be explained by previous stroke-averaged analyses...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30309956/the-engineering-of-the-giant-dragonflies-of-the-permian-revised-body-mass-power-air-supply-thermoregulation-and-the-role-of-air-density
#4
REVIEW
Alan E R Cannell
An engineering examination of allometric and analogical data on the flight of giant Permian insects (Protodonata, Meganeura or griffinflies) indicates that previous estimates of the body mass of these insects are too low and that the largest of these insects (wingspan of 70 cm or more) would have had a mass of 100-150 g, several times greater than previously thought. Here, the power needed to generate lift and fly at the speeds typical of modern large dragonflies is examined together with the metabolic rate and subsequent heat generated by the thoracic muscles...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30299394/moderate-intensity-strength-exercise-to-exhaustion-results-in-more-pronounced-signaling-changes-in-skeletal-muscles-of-strength-trained-compared-with-untrained-individuals
#5
Evgeny A Lysenko, Daniil V Popov, Tatiana F Vepkhvadze, Anna P Sharova, Olga L Vinogradova
Lysenko, EA, Popov, DV, Vepkhvadze, TF, Sharova, AP, and Vinogradova, OL. Moderate-intensity strength exercise to exhaustion results in more pronounced signaling changes in skeletal muscles of strength-trained compared with untrained individuals. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The aim of our investigation was to compare the response pattern of signaling proteins and genes regulating protein synthesis and degradation in skeletal muscle after strength exercise sessions performed to volitional fatigue in strength-trained and untrained males...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30282685/protocol-for-the-lactoferrin-infant-feeding-trial-lift-a-randomised-trial-of-adding-lactoferrin-to-the-feeds-of-very-low-birthweight-babies-prior-to-hospital-discharge
#6
Andrew Martin, Alpana Ghadge, Paolo Manzoni, Kei Lui, Rebecca Brown, William Tarnow-Mordi
INTRODUCTION: Very-low birthweight (VLBW, <1500 g) infants comprise about 1%-1.4% of all births in high-income countries. Every year, about 3000 VLBW babies in Australia and New Zealand receive intensive care. Many die or else survive with severe brain injury, retinopathy, late-onset sepsis or necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), each of which carries substantial risk of disability. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This trial tests whether adding bovine lactoferrin (bLF) to feeds in VLBW infants improves (1) survival to hospital discharge free from brain injury, late-onset sepsis, NEC and treated retinopathy of prematurity (primary composite end point); (2) each component of the primary composite end point and (3) time to reach full enteral feeds, number of blood transfusions, chronic lung disease and length of hospital stay...
October 2, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30277851/multipoint-bending-and-shape-retention-of-a-pneumatic-bending-actuator-by-a-variable-stiffness-endoskeleton
#7
Shotaro Yoshida, Yuya Morimoto, Lanying Zheng, Hiroaki Onoe, Shoji Takeuchi
We propose a pneumatic bending actuator integrated with a low-melting-point alloy-based variable stiffness endoskeleton that can bend at multiple points and maintain its bent shape without power supply. Local stiffness of the soft actuator can be altered by melting or hardening the endoskeleton with electric heat applied through embedded metal wires. Bending points of the actuator can be changed by selecting different points of the endoskeleton to be melted, and the bending angle can be controlled by injected air pressure...
October 2, 2018: Soft Robotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30263957/biomechanics-of-hover-performance-in-neotropical-hummingbirds-versus-bats
#8
Rivers Ingersoll, Lukas Haizmann, David Lentink
Hummingbirds and nectar bats are the only vertebrates that are specialized for hovering in front of flowers to forage nectar. How their aerodynamic performance compares is, however, unclear. To hover, hummingbirds consistently generate about a quarter of the vertical aerodynamic force required to support their body weight during the upstroke. In contrast, generalist birds in slow hovering flight generate little upstroke weight support. We report that nectar bats also generate elevated weight support during the upstroke compared to generalist bats...
September 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30232555/the-super-high-smas-facelift-technique-with-tailor-tack-plication
#9
Bahman Guyuron, Nazilla S Seyed Forootan, Kris Katira
BACKGROUND: Super-high superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) suspension and tailor tack plication are powerful facelift tools used in cases of primary facial rhytidectomy. TECHNIQUE: Thorough pre-operative patient screening and counseling are completed in an outpatient cosmetic surgery center. A super-high SMAS flap is developed by undermining and incising along a line extending from the tragus to lateral canthus and dissecting the SMAS sufficiently to induce movement of the lateral nose and the oral commissure with traction on the SMAS...
September 19, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30232337/structural-cycle-of-the-thermus-thermophilus-pilf-atpase-the-powering-of-type-iva-pilus-assembly
#10
Richard Collins, Vijaykumar Karuppiah, C Alistair Siebert, Rana Dajani, Angela Thistlethwaite, Jeremy P Derrick
Type IV pili are responsible for a diverse range of functions, including twitching motility and cell adhesion. Assembly of the pilus fiber is driven by a cytoplasmic ATPase: it interacts with an inner membrane complex of biogenesis proteins which, in turn, bind to nascent pilin subunits and mediate fiber assembly. Here we report the structural characterization of the PilF TFP assembly ATPase from Thermus thermophilus. The crystal structure of a recombinant C-terminal fragment of PilF revealed bound, unhydrolysed ATP, although the full length complex was enzymatically active...
September 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211670/operational-strategy-of-high-rate-anaerobic-digester-with-mixed-organic-wastes-effect-of-co-digestion-on-biogas-yield-at-full-scale
#11
Sameena Begum, Shruti Ahuja, Gangagni Rao Anupoju, Devender Kumar Ahuja, Vijayalakshmi Arelli, Sudharshan Juntupally
The present research work is aimed at providing an economically feasible solution for the farmers to exploit the mixed organic wastes (MOW) as resources for the generation of biogas based electrical power and utilize the same for irrigation purpose to reduce the dependence on electricity board. A full scale biomethanation plant has been installed based on anaerobic gas lift reactor (AGR) technology to analyse, understand the operational parameters of anaerobic digestion and assess the performance of a high rate biomethanation plant by co-digesting the MOW such as poultry litter (PL), cattle manure (CM) and napier grass (NG) at ambient temperature...
September 13, 2018: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168510/-the-using-the-modern-technologies-simulators-for-the-strengthening-of-the-back-muscles-in-the-schoolchildren-suffering-from-first-degree-scoliosis
#12
V S Malysheva, V V Gorelik, V N Vlasov
BACKGROUND: Strengthening the health of the young people and adolescents is a priority task for the health care system. The posture, as a habitual position of the body of a person standing at ease, is formed in the course of the child's physical development including the development of the static-dynamic functions. The problems of rehabilitation of the school-age children arising from the necessity to correct impaired posture, including scoliosis, are associated with their life activity and the socio-economic status...
2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152590/large-stroke-electrochemical-carbon-nanotube-graphene-hybrid-yarn-muscles
#13
Jian Qiao, Jiangtao Di, Susheng Zhou, Kaiyun Jin, Sha Zeng, Na Li, Shaoli Fang, Yanhui Song, Min Li, Ray H Baughman, Qingwen Li
Artificial muscles are reported in which reduced graphene oxide (rGO) is trapped in the helical corridors of a carbon nanotube (CNT) yarn. When electrochemically driven in aqueous electrolytes, these coiled CNT/rGO yarn muscles can contract by 8.1%, which is over six times that of the previous results for CNT yarn muscles driven in an inorganic electrolyte (1.3%). They can contract to provide a final stress of over 14 MPa, which is about 40 times that of natural muscles. The hybrid yarn muscle shows a unique catch state, in which 95% of the contraction is retained for 1000 s following charging and subsequent disconnection from the power supply...
September 2018: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149732/new-insights-into-magpi-a-promising-tool-to-determine-the-adhesive-capacity-of-biofilm-on-the-mesoscale
#14
Sabine Ulrike Gerbersdorf, Silke Wieprecht, Moritz Thom, David M Paterson, Marc Scheffler
The adhesiveness and stability of ubiquitously distributed biofilms is a significant issue in many areas such as ecology, biotechnology and medicine. The magnetic particle induction (MagPI) system allows precise determinations of biofilm adhesiveness at high temporal and spatial resolution on the mesoscale. This paper concerns several technical aspects to further improve the performance of this powerful experimental approach and enhance the range of MagPI applications. First, several electromagnets were built to demonstrate the influence of material and geometry with special regard to core remanence and magnetic strength...
August 27, 2018: Biofouling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142133/yoga-breathing-techniques-have-no-impact-on-isokinetic-and-isoinertial-power
#15
Savannah V Wooten, Nicholas Cherup, Nicolle Mazzei, Shareen Patel, Kiersten Mooney, Ali Rafiq, Joseph F Signorile
Wooten, SV, Cherup, N, Mazzei, N, Patel, S, Mooney, K, Rafiq, A, and Signorile, JF. Yoga breathing techniques have no impact on isokinetic and isoinertial power. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-As an exercise discipline, yoga incorporates breathing (pranayama) and posture (asana) techniques to facilitate improvements in flexibility, strength, and meditation. Both techniques have been used to enhance muscular strength and power output. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of various yoga breathing techniques on lower-limb power output...
August 23, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30138239/effect-of-2-vs-3-minute-interrepetition-rest-period-on-maximal-clean-technique-and-performance
#16
Achraf Ammar, Bryan L Riemann, Osama Abdelkarim, Tarak Driss, Anita Hökelmann
Ammar, A, Riemann, BL, Abdelkarim, O, Driss, T, and Hökelmann, A. Effect of 2- vs. 3-minute interrepetition rest period on maximal clean technique and performance. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Currently, it is widely accepted that adopting a long rest period (3-5 minutes) during maximal strength and power exercise is of importance in reducing acute fatigue and maintaining power and technique proficiency. However, despite the fact that weightlifting is an example of maximal strength exercise, only 2 minutes are officially allowed when athletes attempt 2 successive lifts...
August 21, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30138236/peak-power-output-and-onset-of-muscle-activation-during-high-pull-exercise
#17
Matthew J Barnes, Ashley Petterson, Darryl J Cochrane
Barnes, MJ, Petterson, A, and Cochrane, DJ. Peak power output and onset of muscle activation during high pull exercise. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The aim of this study was to determine the percentage of 1 repetition maximum (1RM) at which peak power output occurred during the high pull (HP) exercise. In addition, the onset time of the biceps femoris (BF) and gluteus maximus (GM), across a range of loads, was investigated. Twelve resistance-trained men performed 1RM testing for the HP followed by lifts at 10% increments from 30 to 80% 1RM...
August 21, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127080/foot-propelled-swimming-kinematics-and-turning-strategies-in-common-loons
#18
Glenna T Clifton, Andrew A Biewener
Loons (Gaviiformes) are arguably one of the most successful groups of swimming birds. As specialist foot-propelled swimmers, loons are capable of diving up to 70 meters, remaining underwater for several minutes, and capturing fish. Despite the swimming prowess of loons, their undomesticated nature has prevented prior quantitative analysis. Our study used high-speed underwater cameras to film healthy common loons ( Gavia immer ) at the Tufts Wildlife Clinic in order to analyze their swimming and turning strategies...
August 20, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30116120/validation-of-a-new-judo-specific-ergometer-system-in-male-elite-and-sub-elite-athletes
#19
Norman Helm, Olaf Prieske, Thomas Muehlbauer, Tom Krüger, Helmi Chaabene, Urs Granacher
Our experimental approach included two studies to determine discriminative validity and test-retest reliability (study 1) as well as ecological validity (study 2) of a judo ergometer system while performing judo-specific movements. Sixteen elite (age: 23 ± 3 years) and 11 sub-elite (age: 16 ± 1 years) athletes participated in study 1 and 14 male sub-elite judo athletes participated in study 2. Discriminative validity and test-retest reliability of sport-specific parameters (mechanical work, maximal force) were assessed during pulling movements with and without tsukuri ( kuzushi )...
September 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30109102/aerofoil-optimization-for-improving-the-power-performance-of-a-vertical-axis-wind-turbine-using-multiple-streamtube-model-and-genetic-algorithm
#20
Changping Liang, Huaxing Li
This paper reports on the optimization of the NACA0015 aerofoil for improving the power performance of a vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT). The target range of the chord Re is 3 × 105 -106 , the tip speed ratio (TSR) is 2-6 and the solidity is 0.2-0.6. This aerofoil is widely applied in small-scale VAWTs. In the optimization process, in which the class and shape function transformation parametrization method was used to perturb the aerofoil geometry, the thickness and camber of the aerofoil were selected as the constraints and the value of the maximum tangential force coefficient was chosen as the objective function...
July 2018: Royal Society Open Science
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