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Kristiina Janhonen, Kaisa Torkkeli, Johanna Mäkelä
This exploratory article examines the novel term food sense and informal learning in the context of home cooking. Its theory draws from Dewey's work and from his notions of reflexive thought and action. The data consist of a transcribed audio recording of an in-depth, video-based, stimulated-recall (SR) interview. The auto-ethnographic videos were used to stimulate conversation during the interview and were previously collected as part of a broader research project on home cooking in a Finnish family context...
August 14, 2018: Appetite
Rebecca E Cash, Kim White-Mills, Remle P Crowe, Madison K Rivard, Ashish R Panchal
BACKGROUND: Incivility, defined as negative interpersonal acts that violate workplace and social norms, has been linked to negative outcomes in healthcare settings. Little is known regarding workplace incivility among emergency medical services (EMS) professionals. Our objectives were to (1) evaluate the prevalence of incivility and factors associated with experiencing workplace incivility; (2) describe the association between incivility and workforce-reducing factors (stress, career satisfaction, turnover intentions, and workplace absences); and (3) quantify the association between incivility and the organizational culture of an EMS agency...
August 17, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
Christian L Cook, Yan-Jang S Huang, Amy C Lyons, Barry W Alto, Isik Unlu, Stephen Higgs, Dana L Vanlandingham
BACKGROUND: Usutu virus (USUV) is a member of the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) serocomplex in the Flaviviridae family. Emergence of USUV in Europe has led to disease burdens in birds and created increasing concern for the potential zoonotic transmission to humans. Whilst USUV has not been detected in the New World, the identification of competent vector species in North America is critical in the assessment of the likelihood of its dispersal and establishment of enzootic transmission cycles...
August 17, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Crystal Dodson
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of an interactive continuing education module in improving knowledge of pharmacogenomics in oncology nursing practice. SAMPLE & SETTING: 434 inpatient and outpatient oncology nurses from a large teaching hospital in Florida and oncology nurses who practice in North Carolina. METHODS & VARIABLES: An interactive continuing education module was created based on key information elicited from a focus group of inpatient and outpatient oncology nurses regarding their lack of knowledge on pharmacogenomics...
September 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
Douglas J Lanska
"The Four Horsemen" was the nickname given to the four neurologists-Abraham Baker, Francis Forster, Russell DeJong, and Adolph Sahs-who were most instrumental in founding and developing the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) beginning around 1948. Forster later humorously added "and their nags" to the epithet to reflect the cohesion of the founders and their wives. This article presents the personal recollections of these founders from correspondence and oral histories. When the AAN was founded, private-practice neurologists and residents were excluded from the academically oriented and restrictive American Neurological Association (ANA)...
July 2018: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
Francesco Guerra, Michele Di Marino, Andrea Coratti
BACKGROUND: The laparoscopic methods for major abdominal surgery are gaining increasing acceptance worldwide. Despite its relatively recent introduction in clinical practice, robotics has been accepted as an effective option to perform high-demanding procedures such as those required in hepatobiliary surgery. Some potential advantages over conventional laparoscopy have been suggested, but its actual role in clinical practice is still to be defined. METHODS: The objective of this work is to critically review the available evidence on the application of robotic surgery to the liver and biliary tract...
August 17, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Mary E Fallat, Anita P Barbee, Richard Forest, Mary E McClure, Katy Henry, Michael R Cunningham
OBJECTIVE: To understand how family members view the ways EMS and other first responders interact with distressed family members during an intervention involving a recent or impending pediatric death. METHODS: In depth interviews with 11 grieving parents of young children and survey results from four additional grieving parents of adult children were conducted as part of a larger study on effective ways for EMS providers to interact with distressed family members during a pediatric death in the field...
August 17, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
Wei Li, Frank Jäckel
Semiconducting quantum dots (QDs) have been considered as promising building blocks of solar energy harvesting systems because of size-dependent electronic structures, e.g. QD-metal heterostructures for solar-driven H2 production. In order to design improved systems, it is crucial to understand size-dependent QD-metal interfacial electron transfer dynamics, picosecond processes in particular. Here, we report that the transfer rates of photogenerated electrons in Pt-decorated CdS QDs can be varied over more than two orders of magnitude by controlling the QD size...
August 17, 2018: Nanoscale
Tingting Liu, Hai Liu, Zhaoli Zhang, Sanya Liu
Raman spectroscopy often suffers from the problems of band overlap and random noise. In this work, we develop a nonlocal low-rank regularization (NLR) approach toward exploiting structured sparsity and explore its applications in Raman spectral deconvolution. Motivated by the observation that the rank of a ground-truth spectrum matrix is lower than that of the observed spectrum, a Raman spectral deconvolution model is formulated in our method to regularize the rank of the observed spectrum by total variation regularization...
August 1, 2018: Applied Optics
Dzenana Kartal, Nathan Alkemade, Litza Kiropoulos
This study examined the relationship between traumatic exposure, host language acquisition and mental health (posttraumatic stress, depressive and anxiety symptoms) in long-term resettled refugees. Participants included a community sample of Bosnian refugees ( N = 138, 55% male, mean age of 40 years old) that had resettled in Australia and Austria on average 18 years prior. Two mediation models were tested based on two competing theories. Model A examined whether language acquisition mediates the relationship between traumatic exposure and mental health problems experienced by refugees...
August 17, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Erin V McConnell, Igor Bruzual, Sovitj Pou, Rolf W Winter, Rozalia A Dodean, Martin J Smilkstein, Alina Krollenbrock, Aaron Nilsen, Lev N Zakharov, Michael K Riscoe, J Stone Doggett
Cytochrome bc1 inhibitors have been broadly studied as human and veterinary medicines, and agricultural fungicides. For the most part, cytochrome bc1 inhibitors compete with ubiquinol at the ubiquinol oxidation (Qo) site or with ubiquinone at the quinone reduction (Qi ) site. 4(1H)-quinolones with 3-position substituents may inhibit either site based on quinolone ring substituents. 4(1 H)-quinolones that inhibit the Qi site are highly effective against toxoplasmosis, malaria and babesiosis and do not inhibit human cytochrome bc1 ...
August 17, 2018: ACS Infectious Diseases
Cathy Hiatt
The intraoperative nursing care of a patient undergoing a neurosurgical procedure in an intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) suite requires an elevated level of planning and implementation of interventions for patient safety and the safety of the surgical team. Developing team guidelines, protocols, and competencies that take into account the specific safety and positioning requirements for an MRI scan (ie, identifying MRI zones, safe use of ferrous and nonferrous instruments, following MRI safety guidelines) is key to the success of these procedures...
August 2018: AORN Journal
Terri Link
The perioperative environment is fast paced and complex. Competing responsibilities, noise and distractions, and reluctance of team members to speak up when they are aware of a potential patient safety issue are all barriers to effective communication in the perioperative setting. Communication breakdowns among health care providers can lead to medical errors and patient harm. Accurate and complete communication about the patient and the patient's care can contribute to improved efficiency, better patient outcomes, and fewer adverse events...
August 2018: AORN Journal
Kobra Parvan, Fahimeh Alsadat Hosseini, Samaneh Bagherian
Background: Clinical teaching is at the core of the nursing profession. However, clinical teaching may not empower students to gain clinical competency and skills. In this context, the performance of instructors is one of the main determinants of effective clinical teaching. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the relationship between nursing instructors' clinical teaching behaviors and students' learning. Methods: This descriptive, correlational study was conducted with 267 nursing students selected through convenience sampling...
January 2018: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
Alexander R Green, Claudia Rosu, Tiffany Kenison, Chijioke Nze
Background: Patients with limited English proficiency (LEP) are a growing population in the United States at risk for disparities in quality and safety of care. Medical student competency to care for patients with LEP is impacted by a hidden curriculum (HC) that undermines the learning experience; yet to date, there is no way to measure it. Thus, we designed an instrument to assess this HC. Methods: Based on findings from previous qualitative work and input from medical students and experts in LEP and psychometrics, we developed a 23-item survey with four domains...
January 2018: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
Asma A Rahim, P M Anitha, Geeta M Govindaraj, K V Laila
Background.: We aimed to develop a teaching-learning and evaluation programme on communication skills for interns. Core competency areas for focused communication skills training and assessment were identified to achieve the obective. We then assessed the identified competencies among interns using objective structured clinical examination (OSCE), before the start of internship. Methods.: Five core areas for focused training and evaluation were identified on the basis of responses of practising physicians in local settings...
November 2017: National Medical Journal of India
Yanjie Zhu, Yuanyuan Liu, Leslie Ying, Xi Peng, Yi-Xiang J Wang, Jing Yuan, Xin Liu, Dong Liang
Magnetic resonance (MR) parameter mapping is useful for many clinical applications. However, its practical utility is limited by the long scan time. To address this problem, this paper developed a novel image reconstruction method for fast MR parameter mapping. The proposed method (SCOPE) used a low-rank plus sparse model to reconstruct the parameter-weighted images from highly undersampled acquisitions. A signal compensation strategy was introduced to promote low rankness along the parametric direction and thus improve the reconstruction accuracy...
August 17, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Farnoush Farahpour, Mohammadkarim Saeedghalati, Verena Brauer, Daniel Hoffmann
We introduce an Interaction- and Trade-off-based Eco-Evolutionary Model (ITEEM), in which species are competing in a well-mixed system, and their evolution in interaction trait space is subject to a life-history trade-off between replication rate and competitive ability. We demonstrate that the shape of the trade-off has a fundamental impact on eco-evolutionary dynamics, as it imposes four phases of diversity, including a sharp phase transition. Despite its minimalism, ITEEM produces a remarkable range of patterns of eco-evolutionary dynamics that are observed in experimental and natural systems...
August 17, 2018: ELife
Heidrun Gattinger, Beate Senn, Virpi Hantikainen, Sascha Köpke, Stefan Ott, Helena Leino-Kilpi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2018: Pflege
Rishad Khan, Joanne Plahouras, Bradley C Johnston, Michael A Scaffidi, Samir C Grover, Catharine M Walsh
BACKGROUND: Endoscopy has traditionally been taught with novices practicing on real patients under the supervision of experienced endoscopists. Recently, the growing awareness of the need for patient safety has brought simulation training to the forefront. Simulation training can provide trainees with the chance to practice their skills in a learner-centred, risk-free environment. It is important to ensure that skills gained through simulation positively transfer to the clinical environment...
August 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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