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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231335/immigrants-in-the-one-percent-the-national-origin-of-top-wealth-owners
#1
Lisa A Keister, Brian Aronson
BACKGROUND: Economic inequality in the United States is extreme, but little is known about the national origin of affluent households. Households in the top one percent by total wealth own vastly disproportionate quantities of household assets and have correspondingly high levels of economic, social, and political influence. The overrepresentation of white natives (i.e., those born in the U.S.) among high-wealth households is well-documented, but changing migration dynamics suggest that a growing portion of top households may be immigrants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230781/-dose-to-mother-deuterium-oxide-dilution-technique-an-accurate-strategy-to-measure-vitamin-a-intake-in-breastfed-infants
#2
Veronica Lopez-Teros, Ana Teresa Limon-Miro, Humberto Astiazaran-Garcia, Sherry A Tanumihardjo, Orlando Tortoledo-Ortiz, Mauro E Valencia
In Mexico, infants (0-2 years old) show the highest prevalence of vitamin A deficiency (VAD), measured by serum retinol concentrations. Thus, we consider that low vitamin A (VA) intake through breast milk (BM) combined with poor weaning practices are the main factors that contribute to VAD in this group. We combined the assessment of VA status in lactating women using BM retinol and a stable isotope 'dose-to-mother' technique to measure BM production in women from urban and agricultural areas. Infants' mean BM intake was 758 ± 185 mL, and no difference was observed between both areas (p = 0...
February 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228685/a-new-species-of-erythrostemon-leguminosae-caesalpinioideae-from-the-western-r%C3%A3-o-balsas-depression-mexico
#3
Solange Sotuyo, José Luis Contreras-Jiménez, Gwilym P Lewis
A new legume species from a seasonally dry forest of the Western Río Balsas Depression, in the states of Guerrero and Michoacán, Mexico, Erythrostemon guevarafeferii, is herein described and illustrated. The new species shows morphological affinities with Erythrostemon hintonii, from which it is distinguished in having fewer leaflets per pinna, mature leaflets disposed toward the upper half of the pinnae rachises, long inflorescences on curved slender peduncles, abundant red glands on its flowers and inflorescences, and its fruit glabrous with red stipitate glands at maturity...
2017: PhytoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228683/eutrema-salsugineum-cruciferae-new-to-mexico-a-surprising-generic-record-for-the-flora-of-middle-america
#4
Dmitry A German, Marcus A Koch
The paper reports Eutrema salsugineum as a novelty to the flora of Mexico and Middle America in general. The finding stands ca. 1600 km apart from the closest known locality in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado, USA. The species is considered native to NW Mexico and its late discovery in the region is presumably explained by its tiny habit, early flowering time, and subephemeral life cycle. The phylogenetic position of this Mexican population in a haplotype network based on the chloroplast DNA fragment psbA-trnH confirms this hypothesis and also suggests, in contrast to the previously held viewpoint, multiple colonizations of North American continent from Asia...
2017: PhytoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228677/review-of-neopalpa-povoln%C3%A3-1998-with-description-of-a-new-species-from-california-and-baja-california-mexico-lepidoptera-gelechiidae
#5
Vazrick Nazari
The monotypic genus Neopalpa was described in 1998 by Czech entomologist Dalibor Povolný based on two male specimens from Santa Catalina Island, California, which he named Neopalpa neonata. The female of this species was discovered recently based on a DNA barcode match and is described. In addition, a new species with marked differences in morphology and DNA barcodes from southern California and Baja California Mexico is described as Neopalpa donaldtrumpisp. n. Adults and genitalia of both species are illustrated, new diagnosis for the genus Neopalpa is provided, and its position within Gelechiidae is briefly discussed...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228672/redescription-of-dynoides-elegans-boone-1923-crustacea-isopoda-sphaeromatidae-from-the-north-eastern-pacific
#6
Regina Wetzer, Gracie Mowery
Dynoides elegans (Boone, 1923) from southern California is reviewed, redescribed, and figured. The original species description did not include figures, making it difficult to attribute individuals to the species. Dynoides saldanai Carvacho and Haasmann, 1984 and Dynoides crenulatus Carvacho & Haasman, 1984 from the Pacific Coast of Mexico and Dynoides brevicornis Kussakin & Malyutina, 1987, from Furugelm Island, Peter the Great Gulf in the Sea of Japan, appear morphologically more similar to each other than to western Pacific species...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228484/in-mexico-evidence-of-sustained-consumer-response-two-years-after-implementing-a-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax
#7
M Arantxa Cochero, Juan Rivera-Dommarco, Barry M Popkin, Shu Wen Ng
Mexico implemented a 1 peso per liter excise tax on sugar-sweetened beverages on January 1, 2014, and a previous study found a 6 percent reduction in purchases of taxed beverages in 2014. In this study we estimated changes in beverage purchases for 2014 and 2015. We used store purchase data for 6,645 households from January 2012 to December 2015. Changes in purchases of taxed and untaxed beverages in the study period were estimated using two models, which compared 2014 and 2015 purchases with predicted (counterfactual) purchases based on trends in 2012-13...
February 22, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227471/defining-new-aims-for-bme-programs-in-latin-america-the-case-of-uam-iztapalapa
#8
J Azpiroz-Leehan, L F Martinez, M E G Urbina, M M Cadena, E Sacristan, J Azpiroz-Leehan, L F Martinez, M E G Urbina, M M Cadena, E Sacristan, M M Cadena, M E G Urbina, E Sacristan, J Azpiroz-Leehan, L F Martinez
The need for upkeep and management of medical technology has fostered the creation of a large number of under graduate programs in the field of biomedical Engineering. In Latin America alone, there are over 85 programs dedicated to this. This contrasts with programs in other regions where most of the undergraduates continue on to pursue graduate degrees or work as research and development engineers in the biomedical industry. In this work we analyze the situation regarding curricular design in the 48 BME programs in Mexico and compare this to suggestions and classifications of programs according to needs and possibilities...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225953/drug-reaction-with-eosinophilia-and-systemic-symptoms-dress-and-its-relation-with-autoimmunity-in-a-reference-center-in-mexico
#9
Juan Manuel Ruiz Matta, Silvia Méndez Flores, Judith Domínguez Cherit
BACKGROUND: Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms is a severe adverse drug reaction, with a reported mortality of 10%. Long-term outcomes involve organic failure and autoimmune diseases in some populations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical prognosis of patients with drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review at a referral hospital in Mexico City in a period of 22 years (1992-2013), looking up for records with diagnosis of DRESS according to RegiSCAR criteria...
January 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225946/the-intellectual-developmental-disorders-mexico-study-situational-diagnosis-burden-genomics-and-intervention-proposal
#10
Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Gregorio Katz, Rocío Rodríguez-Valentín, Filipa de Castro, Betania Allen-Leigh, María Elena Márquez-Caraveo, Miguel Ángel Ramírez-García, Eduardo Arroyo-García, María Elena Medina-Mora, Gustavo Ángeles, José Edmundo Urquieta-Salomón, Luis Salvador-Carulla
Objective: This study aims to generate evidence on intellectual development disorders (IDD) in Mexico. Materials and methods: IDD disease burden will be estimated with a probabilistic model, using population-based surveys. Direct and indirect costs of catastrophic expenses of families with a member with an IDD will be evaluated. Genomic characterization of IDD will include: sequencing participant exomes and performing bioinformatics analyses to identify de novo or inherited variants through trio analysis; identifying genetic variants associated with IDD, and validating randomly selected variants by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing or real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR)...
November 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225945/-satisfaction-and-perceived-quality-of-people-insured-by-the-social-health-protection-in-mexico-methodological-foundations
#11
Pedro J Saturno-Hernández, Juan Pablo Gutiérrez-Reyes, Waldo Ivan Vieyra-Romero, Martín Romero-Martínez, Gabriel Jaime O'Shea-Cuevas, Javier Lozano-Herrera, Sonia Tavera-Martínez, Mauricio Hernández-Ávila
Objective: To describe the conceptual framework and methods for implementation and analysis of the satisfaction survey of the Mexican System for Social Protection in Health. Materials and methods: We analyze the methodological elements of the 2013, 2014 and 2015 surveys, including the instrument, sampling method and study design, conceptual framework, and characteristics and indicators of the analysis. Results: The survey captures information on perceived quality and satisfaction...
November 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225944/-methodological-bases-and-implementation-results-of-mexico-s-national-survey-of-children-and-women-2015
#12
Filipa de Castro, Rosalba Rojas, Aremis Villalobos, Betania Allen, Celia Hubert, Martín Romero, Tonatiuh Barrientos, Erika Strand, Eva Prado, Rosa Itandehui-Olivera, Alberto Escamilla, Eduardo Lazcano, Mauricio Hernández
Objective: To describe the methodology and the implementation survey results from National Survey of Children and Women Mexico's (ENIM 2015). Materials and methods: The ENIM 2015 is a probability survey with multistage, stratified and cluster sample, with regional, rural and urban strata, and indigenous population representation.We applied questionnaires to get information from the household, women aged 15 to 49 years, children under five years and children and adolescents aged 5-17 years...
November 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225943/-inequalities-on-indicators-of-chronic-conditions-among-adults-in-mexico-analysis-of-three-health-surveys
#13
Juan Pablo Gutiérrez, Sebastián García-Saisó, Rodrigo Espinosa-de la Peña, Dulce Alejandra Balandrán
Objective: To analyze trends from 2000 to 2012 in socioeconomic inequalities in health related to diabetes and hypertension indicators in Mexico. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional analysis of three national health surveys (2000, 2006 and 2012), measuring inequality using absolute and relative gaps as well as the Slope Index of Inequality for diabetes and hypertension indicators. Results: From 2000 to 2012, there is a reduction in the gap related to the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes and hypertension, with a parallel reduction in the inequality related to care for those conditions, while an inequality gradient on diabetes care remains...
November 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225942/-health-inequalities-on-adolescents-risk-behavior-indicators-in-mexico-analysis-of-two-national-health-surveys
#14
Juan Pablo Gutiérrez, Sebastián García-Saisó, Rodrigo Espinosa-de la Peña, Dulce Alejandra Balandrán
Objective: To document socioeconomic health inequalities on adolescents' risk behaviors in Mexico using gap and gradient measures. Materials and methods: Analysis of the national health surveys 2000 and 2012 measuring absolute and relative gaps as well as the slope index of inequality for risk behavior indicators on adolescents using socioeconomic indicators and also measuring gaps for sex, urban/rural residency, and indigenous/non-indigenous population. Results: For sexual risk behaviors, inequalities are reflected in a lower probability of using protection at the first sexual intercourse among those living in households with lower income for women and men as well as higher probability of ever being pregnant for adolescents of lower income...
November 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225941/-health-inequality-on-results-and-access-indicators-for-children-in-mexico-analysis-of-national-health-surveys
#15
Juan Pablo Gutiérrez, Sebastián García-Saisó, Rodrigo Espinosa-de la Peña, Dulce Alejandra Balandrán
Objective: To analyze inequalities in health care indicators of children 0 to 9 years old in Mexico reporting gap and gradient measures. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional analysis of national health surveys in 2000, 2006 and 2012, measuring absolute and relative gap measures as well as the Slope Index of Inequality for four health care indicators (vaccination, care for acute respiratory infections, care for acute diarrheal diseases, and care for accidents) with socioeconomic stratification, as well as absolute gaps by sex, urbanicity and ethnic background...
November 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225940/-monitoring-of-inequality-in-financial-protection-and-healthcare-in-mexico-an-analysis-of-health-surveys-2000-2006-and-2012
#16
Juan Pablo Gutiérrez, Sebastián García-Saisó, Rodrigo Espinosa-de la Peña, Dulce Alejandra Balandrán
Objective: To analyze trends in inequality in financial protection and healthcare in Mexico between 2000 and 2012, using simple and complex measures. Materials and methods: Analysis of national health surveys 2000, 2006 and 2012, generating estimates of absolute and relative gaps and the slope index of inequality using imputated income as socioeconomic measure, and differences by sex, rural/urban residence, and ethnic background. Results: Between 2000 and 2012, socioeconomic inequality in financial protection vanished, while it remains in healthcare access, with larger barriers to access healthcare among those in the lowest socioeconomic condition...
November 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225939/methodology-for-estimating-dietary-data-from-the-semi-quantitative-food-frequency-questionnaire-of-the-mexican-national-health-and-nutrition-survey-2012
#17
Ivonne Ramírez-Silva, Alejandra Jiménez-Aguilar, Danae Valenzuela-Bravo, Brenda Martinez-Tapia, Sonia Rodríguez-Ramírez, Elsa Berenice Gaona-Pineda, Salomón Angulo-Estrada, Teresa Shamah-Levy
Objective: To describe the methodology used to clean up and estimate dietary intake (DI) data from the Semi-Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SFFQ) of the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012. Materials and methods: DI was collected through a shortterm SFFQ regarding 140 foods (from October 2011 to May 2012). Energy and nutrient intake was calculated according to a nutrient database constructed specifically for the SFFQ. Results: A total of 133 nutrients including energy and fiber were generated from SFFQ data...
November 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225820/analysis-of-spatial-mobility-in-subjects-from-a-dengue-endemic-urban-locality-in-morelos-state-mexico
#18
Jorge Abelardo Falcón-Lezama, René Santos-Luna, Susana Román-Pérez, Ruth Aralí Martínez-Vega, Marco Arieli Herrera-Valdez, Ángel Fernando Kuri-Morales, Ben Adams, Pablo Antonio Kuri-Morales, Malaquías López-Cervantes, José Ramos-Castañeda
INTRODUCTION: Mathematical models and field data suggest that human mobility is an important driver for Dengue virus transmission. Nonetheless little is known on this matter due the lack of instruments for precise mobility quantification and study design difficulties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out a cohort-nested, case-control study with 126 individuals (42 cases, 42 intradomestic controls and 42 population controls) with the goal of describing human mobility patterns of recently Dengue virus-infected subjects, and comparing them with those of non-infected subjects living in an urban endemic locality...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225666/the-perils-of-trumping-science-in-global-health-the-mexico-city-policy-and-beyond
#19
Nathan C Lo, Michele Barry
During his first week in office, President Donald Trump reinstated an executive order banning U.S. aid to any international organization that supports abortion-related activities, including counseling or referrals. The so-called Mexico City Policy — colloquially referred to as the "global gag rule"..
February 22, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225545/enhancing-political-will-for-universal-health-coverage-in-nigeria
#20
Bolaji S Aregbeshola
Universal health coverage aims to increase equity in access to quality health care services and to reduce financial risk due to health care costs. It is a key component of international health agenda and has been a subject of worldwide debate. Despite differing views on its scope and pathways to reach it, there is a global consensus that all countries should work toward universal health coverage. The goal remains distant for many African countries, including Nigeria. This is mostly due to lack of political will and commitment among political actors and policymakers...
January 2017: MEDICC Review
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