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Community AND dentistry

Kevan Guilherme Nóbrega Barbosa, Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Gigliana Maria Sobral Cavalcante, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira, Renata de Castro Martins, Sérgio d'Avila
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of oral-maxillofacial trauma among Brazilian victims of physical aggression and identify its associated factors from a medico-legal and forensic perspective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving the analysis of complete medico-legal and social reports of 3668 victims of physical aggression treated at a centre of legal medicine and forensic dentistry over the course of four years. The dependent variable was the occurrence of oral-maxillofacial trauma...
December 3, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Matina V Angelopoulou, S D Shanti, Cesar D Gonzalez, Ashley Love, Jeffrey Chaffin
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the association of food insecurity on the prevalence of dental caries in preschool children. METHODS: Eighty-two children, aged 12-71 months old, from the Marquette University School of Dentistry Community South Clinic and their caregivers participated in this cross-sectional study. Following informed consent, parents completed the validated six-item US Department of Agriculture food insecurity questionnaire and questions regarding demographic information and family structure...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Saqib Malik, Alia Pervez, Zarnab Zainab
BACKGROUND: Cerebral infraction is one of the important causes of cerebrovascular accident. This study was conducted to see which risk factors are more prevalent in cerebral infraction. METHODS: It is a hospital based descriptive study of 130 patients of different types of strokes. Results: Out of 130 patients 70 were male and 60 females. Majority (58%) of the patients were between 41-60 years of age. Patient presented with variable risk factors. The majority (60% male and 73% female) were hypertensive...
July 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Lucy Brown, Kate Kenny, Elizabeth O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: In the United Kingdom, assessments for dental general anaesthetics (DGA), completed by a Specialist in Paediatric Dentistry, are purported to be the gold standard. AIM: To evaluate the outcome of dental assessments completed by a Specialist in Paediatric Dentistry after a referral for an exodontia DGA by the patients' General Dental Practitioner (GDP). DESIGN: Six hundred and forty-two sets of notes were reviewed from patients referred for exodontia DGA at a community dental service in the United Kingdom...
October 26, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Kevin Bowles, Harjit S Sehgal, Lynn Santelmann, Edward P Pham, Richie Kohli
It is very crucial that dental students who comprise our future dental workforce are adequately trained in communication skills. This training is especially important because of the increasing population of English as Second Language (ESL) patients in our community health centers, dental offices, and dental schools. The objective of this exploratory pilot study was to analyze dental student conversations about patient treatment plans to native English and ESL patients. The study recruited four dental students who spoke English as their first language and four patients, two with English as their native language and two with English as their second language from Oregon Health & Science University School of Dentistry...
October 25, 2018: Health Communication
Cathryn Forsyth, Michelle Irving, Stephanie Short, Marc Tennant, John Gilroy
INTRODUCTION: Indigenous Australians continue to experience significant oral health disparities, despite numerous closing-the-gap initiatives. Higher education institutions and accrediting bodies recognise the need to incorporate Indigenous culture more widely into dentistry curricula to address these inequalities. This study aimed to define and explore current Indigenous cultural competence curricula, identify enablers and barriers for integration of Indigenous cultural competence curricula and ascertain innovative strategies to aid students in becoming culturally competent upon graduation, from academics' perspectives...
October 11, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Vannarath Te, Rachel Griffiths, Kristy Law, Peter S Hill, Peter Leslie Annear
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Economic Community (AEC) was inaugurated in December 2015 with the primary aim of achieving a strong and prosperous community through accelerating economic integration. The notion of a single market, underpinned by the free flow of trade in services and skilled labour, is integral to the spirit of the AEC. To facilitate the intra-regional mobility of health professionals, Mutual Recognition Arrangements (MRAs) were signed, for nursing in 2006 and for medicine and dentistry in 2009, and now sit within the AEC objectives...
October 1, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
Moshtagh R Farokhi, Andrew Muck, Juanita Lozano-Pineda, Stephanie L Boone, Heidi Worabo
The aim of this study was to assess the oral health literacy knowledge gained by patients who are refugees, community members, and medical and nursing students after participating in an interprofessional education collaborative of students and faculty from the University of Texas Health San Antonio Schools of Dentistry, Medicine, and Nursing. In this faculty-student collaborative practice, all patients were triaged (including oral hygiene status and alcohol/tobacco use), and tailored treatment options were offered following assessment of their dental, medical, and social histories...
October 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Jennifer N Smith, Yvonne Phan, Mikala Johnson, Kaitlin Emmerson, Bre-Oscha West, Jessica Adams, Thaddeus McGiness, Shelley Otsuka
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Several schools of pharmacy across the United States have taken steps to incorporate international medical mission trips into the doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) curriculum. This study aims to describe the impact of advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE)-level student pharmacists on an interprofessional team during an international medical mission trip to Jamaica. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: The Jamaica Medical Mission (JMM) trip is an annual event involving healthcare professionals from several disciplines across multiple universities and healthcare systems...
July 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
R Patel, R Witton, R Potterton, W Smith, I Kaimi
This paper aims to provide a snapshot analysis of the oral health status of vulnerable adults in Plymouth; and to demonstrate the extent to which oral disease impacts on their normal functioning through the implementation of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP). It is acknowledged that gaining a representative sample of a transient population such as people who are homeless, or individuals affected by problematic use of drugs and/or alcohol is difficult. An opportunity was identified to collect data within the Community Engagement Team's (CET) programme of activity within the Peninsula Dental Social Enterprise...
September 20, 2018: Community Dental Health
Henry Ademola Adeola, Anthonio Adefuye, Olujide Soyele, Azeez Butali
The future of evidence-based dentistry in developing Africa heavily depends on a sustainable establishment of a vibrant dentist-scientist workforce. A dentist scientist is saddled with the responsibility of carrying out robust cutting edge research projects that are inspired by clinical experience. Currently, there are no pipelines in place to systematically train such dentists, neither are there programs in place to allow trained African dentists choose such a career pathway. A dentist-scientist is a person who studied oral, dental, maxillofacial (or craniofacial) diseases, prevention, and population sciences (obtaining a medical degrees such as bachelor of dental surgery [BDS] or BChD) alone; or in combination with other advanced degrees such as doctor of dental surgery (DDS)/doctor of philosophy (PhD) or BDS/PhD...
September 2018: Korean Journal of Medical Education
Chelsea M Holladay, Anne E Gwozdek
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess dentists' and dental hygienists' current motivation, attitudes, and knowledge regarding volunteering in a non-profit dental setting and the opportunity for earning continuing education (CE) credits. Methods: This cross-sectional study surveyed a convenience sample of dental and dental hygiene professionals from the state of Michigan. A 20-question paper survey was developed and pilot tested. The survey was disseminated to attendees at various component meetings of the dental and dental hygienists' associations in southeastern Michigan...
August 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
C Bedos, N Apelian, J-N Vergnes
If dental professionals want to improve the oral health of their patients, they need to address what makes them sick: the social determinants of health. In this article, we propose a model of 'social dentistry' that shows how dentists could tackle these fundamental causes of oral disease. Socially engaged dentists conduct actions at three levels. At the individual level, they provide patient-centred care and, when necessary, liaise with local resources to better address what makes their patients sick. At the community level, they adapt their practice to the needs of the most vulnerable groups and advocate for healthier local policies...
August 24, 2018: British Dental Journal
Peter Arrow, Rob McPhee, David Atkinson, Tamara Mackean, Sanjeewa Kularatna, Utsana Tonmukayakul, David Brennan, David Palmer, Soniya Nanda, Lisa Jamieson
BACKGROUND: The caries experience of Aboriginal children in Western Australia (WA) and elsewhere in Australia is more than twice that of non-Aboriginal children. Early childhood caries (caries among children <6 years) has a significant impact on the quality of life of children and their caregivers, and its management is demanding and commonly undertaken under general anesthesia. A randomized controlled trial using a minimally invasive dentistry approach based on Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) in metropolitan Perth, WA, has demonstrated a significant reduction in the rate of referral to a dental specialist for dental care among children with early childhood caries, potentially reducing the need for treatment under general anesthesia...
July 25, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
M Idrees, M Nassani, O Kujan
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to test the association between the unstimulated whole salivary flow rate (UWSFR) and the oral health status represented by dental and gingival status among healthy adult subjects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This work was a cross-sectional study of patients attending the undergraduate dental clinics at AlFarabi College for Dentistry and Nursing, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The study population consisted of 502 systemically healthy adults aged 18-35 years...
July 1, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Shahram Ghanaati, Carlos Herrera-Vizcaino, Sarah Al-Maawi, Jonas Lorenz, Richard J Miron, Katja Nelson, Frank Schwarz, Joseph Choukroun, Robert Sader
Platelet-rich fibrin is a blood concentrate system used for soft tissue and bone tissue regeneration. In the last decade, platelet rich fibrin (PRF) has been widely used in different indication fields, particularly in oral and maxillofacial surgery. This review is aimed to investigate the level of scientific evidence of published articles related to the use of PRF for bone and soft tissue regeneration in dentistry and maxillofacial surgery. An electronic literature research using the biomedical search engine "National Library of Medicine" (PubMed-MEDLINE) was performed in May 2017...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
Ebtissam M Al-Madi, Manal AlShiddi, Samar Al-Saleh, Hoda AbdelLatif
The aims of this study were to develop, implement, and assess a contemporary dental curriculum that would be competitive internationally and take into consideration the specific needs of the community in a newly established all-female dental school in Saudi Arabia: Princess Nourah bint AbdulRahman University College of Dentistry (PNUCD). A six-step approach to curriculum development was used. Problem identification, general needs, and target needs were identified, and goals, objectives, and educational strategies were defined...
June 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Sherry Shiqian Gao, Kitty Jieyi Chen, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
Hong Kong, as a special administrative region of the People&rsquo;s Republic of China, is a metropolitan city in Asia with a population of approximately 7.4 million. This paper reflects the oral health care situation in Hong Kong. Water fluoridation was introduced in 1961 as the primary strategy for the prevention of dental caries. The fluoride level is currently 0.5 parts per million. Dental care is mainly provided by private dentists. The government&rsquo;s dentists primarily serve civil servants and their dependents, with limited emergency dental service for pain relief offered to the general public...
May 11, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Paul S Casamassimo, N Sue Seale, John S Rutkauskas Ii, John S Rutkauskas
For decades, dental educators have noted changes in predoctoral dental education in pediatric dentistry, beginning with shifts in patients' characteristics and their availability for dental schools. During the same period, national data exposed a lingering dental caries epidemic in U.S. children yet reported more treatment of young poor children. The professional literature suggests a reluctance of the general dental community to care for children, particularly the very young who would most benefit from a dental home...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Hyo-Jung Oh, Hyeon-Mi Choi, Chonghyuck Kim, Jae-Gyu Jeon
Water fluoridation has been cited as one of the top 10 public health achievements of the 20th century. Herein, we analyzed water fluoridation articles related to dental caries published in PubMed between 1950 and 2016 using informetrics and linguistic methods to investigate trends in the studies. To this aim, queries such as "dental caries and (water fluoridation or fluoridated water)," "dental caries and (fluoride or fluoridation)," and "dental caries" were submitted to PubMed to retrieve information about articles on water fluoridation within the area of dental caries and fluoride - their titles, abstracts, publication dates, author affiliations, and publication journals...
2018: Caries Research
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