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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30045834/minimally-invasive-dentistry-based-on-atraumatic-restorative-treatment-to-manage-early-childhood-caries-in-rural-and-remote-aboriginal-communities-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Peter Arrow, Rob McPhee, David Atkinson, Tamara Mackean, Sanjeewa Kularatna, Utsana Tonmukayakul, David Brennan, David Palmer, Soniya Nanda, Lisa Jamieson
BACKGROUND: The caries experience of Aboriginal children in Western Australia (WA) and elsewhere in Australia is more than twice that of non-Aboriginal children. Early childhood caries (caries among children <6 years) has a significant impact on the quality of life of children and their caregivers, and its management is demanding and commonly undertaken under general anesthesia. A randomized controlled trial using a minimally invasive dentistry approach based on Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) in metropolitan Perth, WA, has demonstrated a significant reduction in the rate of referral to a dental specialist for dental care among children with early childhood caries, potentially reducing the need for treatment under general anesthesia...
July 25, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924753/assessing-the-association-between-unstimulated-whole-salivary-flow-rate-uwsfr-and-oral-health-status-among-healthy-adult-subjects-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
M Idrees, M Nassani, O Kujan
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to test the association between the unstimulated whole salivary flow rate (UWSFR) and the oral health status represented by dental and gingival status among healthy adult subjects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This work was a cross-sectional study of patients attending the undergraduate dental clinics at AlFarabi College for Dentistry and Nursing, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The study population consisted of 502 systemically healthy adults aged 18-35 years...
July 1, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870308/fifteen-years-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-prf-in-dentistry-and-oromaxillofacial-surgery-how-high-is-the-level-of-scientific-evidence
#3
Shahram Ghanaati, Carlos Herrera-Vizcaino, Sarah Al-Maawi, Jonas Lorenz, Richard J Miron, Katja Nelson, Frank Schwarz, Joseph Choukroun, Robert Sader
Platelet-rich fibrin is a blood concentrate system used for soft tissue and bone tissue regeneration. In the last decade, platelet rich fibrin (PRF) has been widely used in different indication fields, particularly in oral and maxillofacial surgery. This review is aimed to investigate the level of scientific evidence of published articles related to the use of PRF for bone and soft tissue regeneration in dentistry and maxillofacial surgery. An electronic literature research using the biomedical search engine "National Library of Medicine" (PubMed-MEDLINE) was performed in May 2017...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858255/developing-a-dental-curriculum-for-the-21-st-century-in-a-new-dental-school-in-saudi-arabia
#4
Ebtissam M Al-Madi, Manal AlShiddi, Samar Al-Saleh, Hoda AbdelLatif
The aims of this study were to develop, implement, and assess a contemporary dental curriculum that would be competitive internationally and take into consideration the specific needs of the community in a newly established all-female dental school in Saudi Arabia: Princess Nourah bint AbdulRahman University College of Dentistry (PNUCD). A six-step approach to curriculum development was used. Problem identification, general needs, and target needs were identified, and goals, objectives, and educational strategies were defined...
June 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751605/oral-health-care-in-hong-kong
#5
REVIEW
Sherry Shiqian Gao, Kitty Jieyi Chen, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
Hong Kong, as a special administrative region of the People&rsquo;s Republic of China, is a metropolitan city in Asia with a population of approximately 7.4 million. This paper reflects the oral health care situation in Hong Kong. Water fluoridation was introduced in 1961 as the primary strategy for the prevention of dental caries. The fluoride level is currently 0.5 parts per million. Dental care is mainly provided by private dentists. The government&rsquo;s dentists primarily serve civil servants and their dependents, with limited emergency dental service for pain relief offered to the general public...
May 11, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663907/are-u-s-dentists-adequately-trained-to-care-for-children
#6
Paul S Casamassimo, N Sue Seale, John S Rutkauskas Ii, John S Rutkauskas
For decades, dental educators have noted changes in predoctoral dental education in pediatric dentistry, beginning with shifts in patients' characteristics and their availability for dental schools. During the same period, national data exposed a lingering dental caries epidemic in U.S. children yet reported more treatment of young poor children. The professional literature suggests a reluctance of the general dental community to care for children, particularly the very young who would most benefit from a dental home...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617686/trend-analysis-of-studies-on-water-fluoridation-related-to-dental-caries-in-pubmed
#7
Hyo-Jung Oh, Hyeon-Mi Choi, Chonghyuck Kim, Jae-Gyu Jeon
Water fluoridation has been cited as one of the top 10 public health achievements of the 20th century. Herein, we analyzed water fluoridation articles related to dental caries published in PubMed between 1950 and 2016 using informetrics and linguistic methods to investigate trends in the studies. To this aim, queries such as "dental caries and (water fluoridation or fluoridated water)," "dental caries and (fluoride or fluoridation)," and "dental caries" were submitted to PubMed to retrieve information about articles on water fluoridation within the area of dental caries and fluoride - their titles, abstracts, publication dates, author affiliations, and publication journals...
April 4, 2018: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610626/knowledge-and-awareness-of-medical-practitioners-of-jazan-city-towards-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-as-a-specialty
#8
Fareedi Mukram Ali, Ghassan M Al-Iryani, Sultan Mohammed Namis, Asma Ali Hezam, Salma Abdu Swaid, Anas Esam Alomar
BACKGROUND: In many health services communities the scope of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) as a discipline is frequently not probably understood. Good awareness towards OMFS among different branches of health services providers is essential for better referral strategies and will be for the benefit of the patient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study was done using a specially prepared questionnaire distributed randomly to 125 general medical practitioners working in Jazan province...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606688/building-capacity-in-the-sikh-asian-indian-community-to-lead-participatory-oral-health-projects
#9
Rucha Kavathe, Nadia Islam, Jennifer Zanowiak, Laura Wyatt, Hardayal Singh, Mary E Northridge
BACKGROUND: Lack of access to oral health care is a significant burden for disadvantaged populations, yet rarely draws the attention of policymakers or community leaders. OBJECTIVES: To understand how UNITED SIKHS identified oral health care as a priority need through its involvement in community-based participatory research (CBPR) initiatives and local data collection, thereby building its capacity to lead participatory oral health projects. METHODS: The foundation for the partnership between UNITED SIKHS and the New York University (NYU) Prevention Research Center (PRC) was the joint implementation of a CBPR project to prevent diabetes in the Sikh Asian Indian community...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606656/engaging-oral-health-students-in-learning-basic-science-through-assessment-that-weaves-in-personal-experience
#10
Delyse Leadbeatter, Jinlong Gao
Learning basic science forms an essential foundation for oral health therapy and dentistry, but frequently students perceive it as difficult, dry, and disconnected from clinical practice. This perception is encouraged by assessment methods that reward fact memorization, such as objective examinations. This study evaluated use of a learner-centered assessment portfolio designed to increase student engagement with basic science in an oral health therapy program at the University of Sydney, Australia. The aim of this qualitative study based on focus groups was to investigate students' engagement with basic science courses following introduction of the portfolio...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606653/a-national-survey-of-u-s-dental-students-experiences-with-international-service-trips
#11
R Frederick Lambert, Chloe A Wong, Karl F Woodmansey, Brianna Rowland, Steven O Horne, Brittany Seymour
Globalization, along with the increasing prevalence of non-communicable diseases, their risk factors, and poor oral health, demands global approaches to oral health care. Trained health care workers' providing volunteer services abroad is one model used for improving access to dental services for some communities. Currently, little is known about U.S. dental student involvement in international clinical service volunteerism. The aim of this exploratory study was to capture national survey data from predoctoral dental students about their interest in and experience with global health service trips...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496809/teaching-dental-students-about-incarceration-and-correctional-dentistry-results-from-a-national-survey
#12
Fiorella Candamo, Matthew Tobey, Lisa Simon
People who are incarcerated or have a history of incarceration have high rates of dental disease, but access to dental treatment is often a challenge during and after incarceration. Dental students' exposure to this population is unknown: no data exist regarding the number of schools that provide didactic and clinical training in correctional dentistry. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of instruction in correctional dentistry and clinical opportunities at correctional facilities for dental students in the U...
March 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490969/children-s-toothache-is-becoming-everybody-s-business-where-do-parents-go-when-their-children-have-oral-pain-in-london-england-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#13
Vanessa Elaine Muirhead, Zahidul Quayyum, Donal Markey, Sally Weston-Price, Annette Kimber, Wayne Rouse, Cynthia M Pine
OBJECTIVES: To assess the number of parents who visited community pharmacies in London seeking pain medications for their children's pain and specifically for oral pain, to identify which health services parents contacted before their pharmacy visit and to estimate the cost to the National Health Service (NHS) when children with oral pain who visit pharmacies also see health professionals outside dentistry. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: 1862 pharmacies in London in November 2016-January 2017...
February 28, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473392/-therapeutic-education-in-pediatric-dentistry-analysis-of-obstacles-and-levers-to-the-development-of-programmes-in-france-in-2016
#14
Thomas Marquillier, Thomas Trentesaux, Rémi Gagnayre
OBJECTIVE: Over recent years, therapeutic patient education has become part of dental medicine. Management of early childhood caries, known to be a very common chronic disease, has evolved to include an educational dimension. The objective of this study was to identify the levers and barriers to the development of formalized therapeutic education programmes and alternatives. METHODS: A comprehensive exploratory qualitative study was conducted between November 2015 and June 2016 on a targeted sample of 15 people aware of the problem of TPE in dentistry...
November 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446849/anxiety-and-anger-of-homeless-people-coping-with-dental-care
#15
Anjali Mago, Michael I MacEntee, Mario Brondani, James Frankish
OBJECTIVES: To reveal and describe from open-ended interviews how homeless people in Vancouver interpret, appraise and cope with dental care. METHODS: Audio-recorded interviews with 25 homeless people (18 men and 7 women; age range: 25-64 years), purposefully selected for a range of experiences, were transcribed and analysed inductively. The process of interpretive description drawing from the Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations and Lazarus's Theory of Emotions identified how participants appraised and coped with dental care...
June 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391605/the-knowledge-mobilisation-challenge-does-producing-evidence-lead-to-its-adoption-within-dentistry
#16
T L Goodwin, P R Brocklehurst, L Williams
The transfer of evidence into clinical practice is the ultimate aim of those engaged in health research. But is this a process that occurs naturally? Can health researchers take it for granted that the evidence they produce will be embraced by clinicians and incorporated into their everyday practice? In this article, we use the example of oral healthcare in dependent older people and the issue of antibiotic prescribing by GDPs to illustrate the fact that successful knowledge transfer between researchers and practitioners cannot be automatically assumed...
March 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371175/integrated-decentralized-training-for-health-professions-education-at-the-university-of-kwazulu-natal-south-africa-protocol-for-the-i-dect-project
#17
Pragashnie Govender, Verusia Chetty, Deshini Naidoo, Ntsikelelo Pefile
BACKGROUND: The Integrated Decentralized Training (i-DecT) project was created to address the current need for health care in South Africa among resource poor climates in rural and periurban settings. The University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN) in South Africa has embarked on a program within the School of Health Sciences (SHS) to decentralize the clinical learning platform in order to address this disparity. Framed in a pragmatic stance, this proposal is geared towards informing the roll out of decentralized clinical training (DCT) within the province of KwaZulu-Natal...
January 25, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326453/the-use-of-hall-technique-preformed-metal-crowns-by-specialist-paediatric-dentists-in-the-uk
#18
A Roberts, A McKay, S Albadri
Background Hall technique preformed metal crowns (HTPMCs) have been increasing in use recently, but little is currently known about their use by specialists.Aim To investigate the views and usage of HTPMCs by UK specialist paediatric dentists.Design This was a prospective questionnaire-based study, distributed online to all specialists on the British Society of Paediatric Dentistry email list between July and September 2014.Results Ninety-four questionnaires were completed. The majority of respondents, 65% (61) worked in teaching hospitals, followed by community dental services, 37% (35)...
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296109/preventive-orientation-of-iraqi-dentists-in-baghdad-in-2016
#19
Fatin Abd Alsttar Aledhari, Katayoun Sargeran, Mahdia Gholami, Ahmad Reza Shamshiri
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to assess the preventive orientation of Iraqi dentists in terms of their "knowledge" and "attitude" towards caries prevention and to explore their "preventive practice". Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study based on a self-administered questionnaire was conducted among 159 dentists who worked in Baghdad during the summer of 2016. The questionnaires obtained information on variables such as knowledge and attitude towards preventive dentistry, preventive practice and demographic variables and were distributed during the official working time...
September 2017: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216493/intimate-partner-violence-against-women-circumstances-of-aggressions-and-oral-maxillofacial-traumas-a-medical-legal-and-forensic-approach
#20
Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Luzia Michelle Santos, Alysson Vinicius Porto Ferreira, Tomás Lucio Marques de Almeida Lima, Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Sérgio d'Avila
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health problem that frequently results in oral-maxillofacial traumas, generating high social and economic costs. The aim of this study was to describe the profile of women victims of IPV and determine the pattern of oral-maxillofacial traumas, according to a medical-legal and forensic perspective. An exploratory study of 1361 suspected cases of women victims of IPV was carried out based on database of an Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Dentistry of Northeastern Brazil during a period of 4 years...
March 2018: Legal Medicine
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