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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30317488/multimodal-postoperative-pain-control-is-effective-and-reduces-opioid-use-after-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#1
Ryan D Horsley, Ellen D Vogels, Daaron A P McField, David M Parker, Charles Medico, James Dove, Marcus Fluck, Jon D Gabrielsen, Michael R Gionfriddo, Anthony T Petrick
BACKGROUND: Opioids have been the mainstay for postoperative pain relief for many decades. Recently, opioid-related adverse events and death have been linked to postoperative dependency. Multimodal approaches to postoperative pain control may be part of the solution to this health care crisis. The safety and effectiveness of multimodal pain control regimens after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) has not been well studied. The primary aim of our study was to determine if an evidence-based, multimodal pain regimen during hospitalization could decrease the total oral morphine equivalent (TME) use after LRYGB...
October 13, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30317463/relationship-between-anxiety-depression-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-inpatients-of-convalescent-hospitals
#2
Kanako Hayashi, Maya Izumi, Yuhei Mastuda, Ayaka Isobe, Sumio Akifusa
The aim of this study is to examin the association between anxiety/depressive tendency and oral health-related quality of life in inpatients of convalescent wards. This cross-sectional study included inpatients of convalescent wards (age range 34-100 years). Data on age, sex, functional independence measure, number of teeth, odontotherapy status, and primary disease for which hospitalization was required were collected. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was used to assess emotional distress...
October 13, 2018: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30317373/-medicaments-and-oral-care-is-there-still-a-rationale-for-clinical-periodontal-microbiology
#3
A J van Winkelhoff, F Abbas
Clinical microbiology now occupies an important place in periodontics and oral implant dentistry as a supplementary diagnostic tool and in planning treatment, particularly with respect to the rational use of antibiotics. This view is in line with the emphatic call by the World Health Organization and the European Union for the prudent use of antibiotics due to the global increase in resistance to antibiotics. Furthermore side effects may occur, such as the disturbance of the microbial intestinal and oral microflora, sometimes leading to serious pathological conditions...
October 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30317267/parent-s-attitudes-and-knowledge-on-oral-health-in-a-group-of-individual-with-down-syndrome-in-turkey
#4
Isil Ozgul Kalyoncu, Figen Eren Giray, Ilknur Tanboga
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge and attitude of families having some Down syndrome patient about problems related to oral cavity and dental health issues. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted at Marmara University, Faculty of Dentistry in July 2017. Families of individuals with Down Syndrome, who are members of the Turkish Down Syndrome Association, were included in the study. A self-generated questionnaire was used to collect information in 3 different sections through 43 questions related to patient's socio-demographic and medical information, data on dental visit(s) and tooth-brushing...
September 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316701/eurobehavioral-and-oxidative-stress-alterations-following-methylmercury-and-retinyl-palmitate-co-administration-in-pregnant-and-lactating-rats-and-their-offspring
#5
Pedro Espitia-Pérez, Suelen Marin Albino, Lyda Espitia-Pérez, Hugo Brango, Helen da Rosa, Alexandre Kleber Silveira, Diogo Pompéu Moraes, Camila Cerveira, Moara Mingori, Camila Tiefensee Ribeiro, Daniel Pens Gelain, Carlos Eduardo Schnorr, José Cláudio Fonseca Moreira
Fish consumption and ubiquitous methylmercury (MeHg) exposure represent a public health problem globally. Micronutrients presented in fish affects MeHg uptake/distribution. Vitamin A (VitA), another fish micronutrient is used in nutritional supplementation, especially during pregnancy. However, there is no information about the health effects arising from their combined exposure. The present study aimed to examine the effects of both MeHg and retinyl palmitate administered to pregnant and lactating rats. Thirty Wistar female rats were orally supplemented with MeHg (0,5 mg/Kg/day) and retinyl palmitate (7500 µg RAE1 /Kg/day), either individually or in combination from the gestational day 0 to weaning...
October 11, 2018: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316598/aluminosilicate-clay-improves-production-responses-and-reduces-inflammation-during-an-aflatoxin-challenge-in-lactating-holstein-cows
#6
R T Pate, D M Paulus Compart, F C Cardoso
Mitigation strategies are vital in minimizing the health and economic risks associated with dairy cattle exposure to aflatoxin (AF). The objective of this study was to determine the effects of a commercially available aluminosilicate clay in a lactation diet on production responses, blood chemistry, and liver inflammatory markers of multiparous lactating Holstein cows during an AF challenge. Sixteen multiparous lactating Holstein cows [body weight (mean ± SD) = 758 ± 76 kg; days in milk = 157 ± 43 d] were assigned to 1 of 4 treatments in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design with 21-d periods: no adsorbent and no AF challenge (CON), no adsorbent and an AF challenge (POS), 113 g of aluminosilicate clay top-dressed on the total mixed ration (adsorbent; FloMatrix, PMI Nutritional Additives, Arden Hills, MN) with an AF challenge (F4), or 227 g of adsorbent with an AF challenge (F8)...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316564/-primary-care-and-oral-health-promotion-assessment-of-an-educational-intervention-in-school-children
#7
Sara Calderón Larrañaga, Manuela Expósito Ruiz, Pilar Cruz Vela, Ana Cuadrado Conde, Lucía Alquézar Villarroya, Ana Garach Gómez, Alberto Ruiz Hernández, Isabel Toral López
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short and medium term effectiveness of a Primary Care-driven oral health promotion intervention. DESIGN: A non-randomised community intervention trial. SETTING: Three socio-demographically similar primary schools of a deprived neighborhood in Granada, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-two intervention and 109 control students aged 5 to 6, as well as the teachers and the parent's association of the intervention school (IS) participated in the study...
October 10, 2018: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316209/studies-on-prevalence-of-infection-with-trichomonas-tenax-identified-by-molecular-techniques-%C3%A2-in-respect-to-oral-health-of-patients-with-various-systemic-disease-requiring-immunosuppressive-therapy
#8
Monika Dybicz, Konrad Perkowski, Aleksandra Sędzikowska, Wanda Baltaza, Lidia Chomicz
Trichomonas tenax, cosmopolitan flagellate inhabiting human oral cavity, is the etiological agent of oral trichomonosis associated with gingival and periodontium deterioration. Purpose of this studies was to investigate the prevalence of infection with Trichomonas tenax identified by molecular techniques amplifying the region of ITS1-5.8S rRNA-ITS2 specific for T. tenax. The study included 498 persons: diabetic, renal transplant, rheumatoid arthritis patients and the control group. Prevalence of T. tenax in oral cavity was 10...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316142/sex-differences-in-patterns-of-prescription-opioid-non-medical-use-among-10-18-year-olds-in-the-us
#9
Vicki Osborne, Catherine W Striley, Sara J Nixon, Almut G Winterstein, Linda B Cottler
BACKGROUND: Non-medical use (NMU) of prescription opioids is a public health concern and sex differences in prevalence of NMU have been observed previously. Little is known about how youth are obtaining and using these drugs. While any regular use could be problematic, NMU is particularly concerning. More information is needed on NMU patterns among youth and how these patterns might differ by sex. METHODS: The National Monitoring of Adolescent Prescription Stimulants Study (N-MAPSS) recruited youth 10-18 years of age from 10 US metropolitan areas from 2008 to 2011 with a final sample of 11,048 youth...
October 9, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316046/synthesis-and-anticonvulsant-screening-of-1-2-4-triazole-derivatives
#10
Suat Sari, F Betül Kaynak, Sevim Dalkara
BACKGROUND: Currently available antiepileptic drugs offer limited symptomatic treatment and fail to cure more than 30% of the epileptic seizures. (Arylalkyl)azoles are a class of anticonvulsants including nafimidone and loreclezole. Here, we report the design and synthesis of new (arylalkyl)azoles in N-[1-(4-chlorophenyl)-2-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)ethylidene]hydroxylamine ester structure, their anticonvulsant screening and in silico prediction studies of their pharmacokinetic properties...
June 23, 2018: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315752/scientific-overview-on-csci-citac-annual-general-meeting-and-2017-young-investigators-forum
#11
Kristen I Barton, Xiya Ma, Mustafa Ege Babadagli, Ellen Zhou, Nicholas Tonial, Christopher Newell, Abdullah Ishaque, Heather Leduc-Pessah, Tina B Marvasti, Sara Mirali, Alexander Levit, Sachin Kumar, Patrick E Steadman, Elina K Cook, Josh Abraham
The 2017 Annual General Meeting of the Canadian Society of Clinician Investigators (CSCI) and Clinician Investigator Trainee Association of Canada/Association des Cliniciens-Chercheurs en Formation du Canada (CITAC/ACCFC) was a national Annual General Meeting (AGM) held in Toronto, Ontario November 20-22, 2017, in conjunction with the University of Toronto Clinician Investigator Program Research Day. The theme for this year's meeting was "Roll up your sleeves-How to manage your physician scientist career", emphasizing lectures and workshops that were designed to provide tools for being proactive and successful in career planning...
October 5, 2018: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315536/oral-health-practices-and-knowledge-among-parents-and-hired-caregivers
#12
Q Alkhubaizi, A Moule, M Al-Sane, J D Sorkin
AIM: To investigate the oral healthcare practices and knowledge of parents and nannies in Kuwait. METHODS: A cross-sectional interview-based survey was carried out on parents and nannies to explore their demographics, oral health care practices and knowledge. Independent t-test was used to assess differences in practice and knowledge between parents and nannies. Multiple linear regression compared practice and knowledge of parents and nannies, adjusting for age, time spent in childcare, national origin, education, governorate of residence and number of other children in the household...
October 12, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315016/position-statement-guidelines-for-vitamin-k-prophylaxis-in-newborns-a-joint-statement-of-the-canadian-paediatric-society-and-the-college-of-family-physicians-of-canada
#13
Eugene Ng, Amanda D Loewy
Newborns are at risk for vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) caused by inadequate prenatal storage and deficiency of vitamin K in breast milk. Systematic review of evidence to date suggests that a single intramuscular (IM) injection of vitamin K at birth effectively prevents VKDB. Current scientific data suggest that single or repeated doses of oral (PO) vitamin K are less effective than IM vitamin K in preventing VKDB. The Canadian Paediatric Society and the College of Family Physicians of Canada recommend routine IM administration of a single dose of vitamin K at 0...
October 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30314829/information-overload-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-can-the-cancer-information-overload-cio-scale-be-used
#14
Kehinde Obamiro, Kenneth Lee
OBJECTIVE: Information overload can negatively impact positive health behaviors such as cancer screening. The 8-item Cancer Information Overload (CIO) scale appears to be the only validated measure of health-related information overload. The present study assesses the validity of the CIO scale when modified for use in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) residing in Australia. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from a study of adult Australian patients with AF (N = 386) in which a modified version of the CIO scale was used...
October 3, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30314572/cognitive-and-emotional-processes-influencing-patient-presentation-or-non-presentation-of-oral-cancer-symptoms-to-healthcare-professionals
#15
Stephen L Brown, Juliet Bell, Richard J Shaw
OBJECTIVE: Greater time that patients take to present symptoms to health care providers (HCPs) increases the likelihood of later stage cancer, which increases mortality and morbidity in symptomatic cancers. The common-sense model (CSM) is used to understand time to first consultation with a healthcare provider, but inconsistencies exisy between its current use and important empirical findings. METHOD: To resolve inconsistencies, we conducted a qualitative examination to determine how the CSM could be revised to better account for these findings...
November 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30314501/the-oral-health-status-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-kwazulu-nata-south-africa
#16
Magandhree Naidoo, Shenuka Singh
BACKGROUND: Echoing the sentiments of the Sixty-seventh World Health Assembly of May 2014, mandating the all-inclusive and synchronized efforts for the management of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the aim of this current study was to investigate the oral health status of children with ASD aged between 7 to 14 years in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. METHODS: An investigative cross-sectional quantitative design employing non-probability purposeful sampling was conducted on 149 children with ASD attending special needs schools in KwaZulu-Natal...
October 12, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30313038/oral-health-condition-and-occurrence-of-depression-in-the-elderly
#17
Katarzyna Skośkiewicz-Malinowska, Barbara Malicka, Marek Ziętek, Urszula Kaczmarek
Depression is a common disorder among the elderly; however, it is not a standard element of the ageing process. Depression can affect oral health as a result of neglecting oral hygiene procedures, cariogenic nutrition, avoidance of necessary dental care which leads to an increased risk of dental caries and periodontal disease.Assessment of the relationship of oral health parameters with depression.500 subjects aged ≥65 (mean 74.4 ± 7.4) were involved in the study. Dental condition (decay-missing-filled index [DMFT], number of missing teeth [MT], removable denture wearing, teeth mobility), periodontal condition (bleeding on probing [BoP], pocket depth [PD], loss of attachment), oral dryness (the Challacombe Scale) and depression according to the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) scale were assessed...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312985/effects-of-stratified-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-individuals-with-vitamin-d-insufficiency
#18
Yanhui Lu, Xiaomin Fu, Lili Zhang, Minyan Liu, Xiaoling Cheng, Shuangtong Yan, Nan Li, Xinyu Miao, Banruo Sun, Chunlin Li
The incidence of vitamin D deficiency is high globally, and vitamin D supplementation draws particular attention. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of stratified vitamin D supplementation in middle-aged and elderly individuals with vitamin D insufficiency in Beijing. A total of 448 subjects aged over 40 years old were selected from a community in Beijing. Among them, 100 middle-aged and elderly people with vitamin D insufficiency were randomly selected on a voluntary basis. They were further divided into control group and intervention group...
October 2018: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312338/how-primary-health-care-teams-perceive-the-integration-of-oral-health-care-into-their-practice-a-qualitative-study
#19
Hermina Harnagea, Lise Lamothe, Yves Couturier, Elham Emami
Recently, new models for the integration of oral health into primary care have been proposed. However, these models may be adopted by a variety of health care systems, and will reach successful outcomes only if they can be adapted to suit the local context. To this end, the objective of this study was to explore the perceptions of Quebec primary health care teams on the integration of oral health into primary care. A qualitative approach and interpretive description methodology were used to conduct the study within a case-study design...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312165/a-randomized-comparative-study-of-herbal-decoction-of-cassia-fistula-linn-pod-s-pericarp-and-myristica-fragrans-houtt-arils-vs-mefenamic-acid-in-spasmodic-dysmenorrhoea
#20
Amera Anjum, Arshiya Sultana
Background To compare the efficacy and safety of herbal decoction (pods of Cassia fistula Linn. and Arils of Myristica fragrans Houtt) with mefenamic acid in spasmodic dysmenorrhoea. Methods In this single-blind, prospective, parallel, standard controlled study, dysmenorrheic patients (n=64) were randomly allocated to receive herbal decoction (n=31) or mefenamic acid (n=33) for two consecutive menstrual cycles. Treatment group received 180 mL herbal decoction of post amaltas (Cassia fistula L pod's pericarp) (21 g), bisbasah (Myristica fragrans Houtt arils) (3 g) and qand siyah (jaggery) (30 g) which were orally administered at morning for 3 days before the expected start of menstruation...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
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