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Dentistry AND Smoking

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30511108/promoter-dna-methylation-and-mrna-expression-level-of-p16-gene-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-correlation-with-clinicopathological-characteristics
#1
Abdolamir Allameh, Abdolkarim Moazeni-Roodi, Iraj Harirchi, Mehrdad Ravanshad, Maziar Motiee-Langroudi, Ata Garajei, Azin Hamidavi, Seyed Alireza Mesbah-Namin
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between p16 methylation and its expression in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Also the contribution of clinicopathological factors, HPV infection and smoking in p16 expression and promoter methylation has been investigated. In this study 67 consecutive OSCC patients and 59 normal individuals were enrolled. All patients were candidates for surgery of oral cavity and fresh tumor biopsies were collected and processed for DNA and RNA extraction. Normal gingival tissues were collected from individuals referred to dentistry clinic and considered as controls...
December 3, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30465375/association-of-different-risk-factors-in-prevalence-of-cerebral-infaraction
#2
Saqib Malik, Alia Pervez, Zarnab Zainab
BACKGROUND: Cerebral infraction is one of the important causes of cerebrovascular accident. This study was conducted to see which risk factors are more prevalent in cerebral infraction. METHODS: It is a hospital based descriptive study of 130 patients of different types of strokes. Results: Out of 130 patients 70 were male and 60 females. Majority (58%) of the patients were between 41-60 years of age. Patient presented with variable risk factors. The majority (60% male and 73% female) were hypertensive...
July 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210788/preliminary-study-on-the-inhibitory-effect-of-seaweed-gracilaria-verrucosa-extract-on-biofilm-formation-of-candida-albican-s-cultured-from-the-saliva-of-a-smoker
#3
Zaki Mubarak, Adintya Humaira, Basri A Gani, Zainal A Muchlisin
Background: Candida albicans is an opportunistic fungus that might infect the oral cavity. Increased colony numbers of C. albicans in the mouth can be caused by multiple factors, such as smoking, weakened immune system, antibiotics use and immune-compromised condition. Smoking can increase expression of virulence factors of C. albicans and make it stronger. One virulence factor of C. albicans is biofilm formation. The ability of creating biofilm makes C. albicans more tolerant to commercial antifungal agents...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30125441/the-need-to-educate-future-dental-professionals-on-e-cigarette-effects
#4
C Martín Carreras-Presas, M Naeim, D Hsiou, M L Somacarrera Pérez, D V Messadi
OBJECTIVE: To compare knowledge and attitude of dental students in two countries towards E-cigarettes and their long-term effects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An anonymous cross-sectional survey, using self-administered questionnaires, was conducted amongst dental students from the University of California, Los Angeles School of Dentistry (UCLA) and Universidad Europea of Madrid (UE). RESULTS: There were significant differences in knowledge and perception of E-cigarettes between dental students from both countries...
August 19, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30078575/healing-of-apical-periodontitis-after-nonsurgical-root-canal-treatment-the-role-of-statin-intake
#5
Maha Alghofaily, Patricia Tordik, Elaine Romberg, Frederico Martinho, Ashraf F Fouad
INTRODUCTION: Numerous previously undocumented factors may influence the healing of apical periodontitis (AP). The aim of this cohort study was to analyze the association between statin medication intake during the follow-up period and healing of AP. METHODS: Patients who self-reported being on statins during nonsurgical root canal treatment or retreatment and patients who reported never taking statins were included. All patients who received treatment on a tooth with periapical radiolucency in the postgraduate endodontics clinic at the University of Maryland School of Dentistry (2011-2014) were invited for follow-up 2 to 5 years after treatment...
September 2018: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770323/dental-mesenchymal-stem-cell-based-translational-regenerative-dentistry-from-artificial-to-biological-replacement
#6
REVIEW
Mona K Marei, Rania M El Backly
Dentistry is a continuously changing field that has witnessed much advancement in the past century. Prosthodontics is that branch of dentistry that deals with replacing missing teeth using either fixed or removable appliances in an attempt to simulate natural tooth function. Although such "replacement therapies" appear to be easy and economic they fall short of ever coming close to their natural counterparts. Complications that arise often lead to failures and frequent repairs of such devices which seldom allow true physiological function of dental and oral-maxillofacial tissues...
2018: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624676/validity-of-self-reported-periodontal-measures-demographic-characteristics-and-systemic-medical-conditions
#7
Georgios S Chatzopoulos, Alejandro Cisneros, Miguel Sanchez, Scott Lunos, Larry F Wolff
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to assess self-reported periodontal screening questions, demographic characteristics, systemic medical conditions, and tobacco use for predicting periodontal disease among individuals seeking dental therapy in a university dental clinic. METHODS: In this retrospective study, a total of 4,890 randomly selected dental charts were evaluated from among patients who had attended the University of Minnesota School of Dentistry clinics for treatment...
August 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619391/neck-back-and-shoulder-pains-and-ergonomic-factors-among-dental-students
#8
Raha Habib Aghahi, Rezvan Darabi, Maryam Alsadat Hashemipour
BACKGROUND: Dynamic and static activities in dentistry cause musculoskeletal disorders, but dental students do not have sufficient awareness about the effects of ergonomic factors on their health. The aim of this study was to investigate ergonomic factors that cause pain muscle in dental students in Kerman Medical University, Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis study was carried out on dental students of the 3rd , 4th , 5th , and 6th year, in clinical practice in the School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594545/lower-back-and-neck-pain-among-dentistry-students-a-cross-sectional-study-in-dentistry-students-in-northern-greece
#9
Efthimios Samoladas, Christina Barmpagianni, Dimitrios V Papadopoulos, Ioannis D Gelalis
INTRODUCTION: Dentistry students and dentists comprise a unique group of professionals, whose everyday professional activity requires long hours of standing and working in a position considered unhealthy for the lower back and neck. Our aim was to explore the factors involved in the appearance of low back and neck pain in dentistry students as well as the impact of the pain on the students' professional and everyday activities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was given to all dentistry students of the 4th and 5th year of our university...
October 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196328/an-interprofessional-education-and-collaborative-practice-model-for-dentistry-and-pharmacy
#10
Grishondra L Branch-Mays, Amy L Pittenger, Kristyn Williamson, Anna Milone, Emily Hein, Todd Thierer
The aims of this study were to evaluate the feasibility of an interprofessional education and collaborative practice model (IECPM) developed by the School of Dentistry (SOD) and College of Pharmacy (COP) for the University of Minnesota dental clinics and to report results of the needs assessment using specific primary care metrics and medication histories gathered through use of the model in 2015-16. Planning focused on establishing a workflow to implement the IECPM by the SOD and COP. The interprofessional team that provided patient care for the study consisted of 50 dental students, ten dental therapy students, one pharmacy student, one pharmacy resident, one faculty pharmacist, one dental assistant, one faculty dental hygienist, and two dentists...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099514/clinical-inquiries-what-is-the-optimal-frequency-for-dental-checkups-for-children-and-adults
#11
REVIEW
Thomas W Hahn, Connie Kraus, Christopher Hooper-Lane
IT IS UNCLEAR, but studies suggest that it should be based largely on individual risk. The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry recommends a 6-month interval for preventive dental visits (strength of recommendation [SOR]: C, expert opinion), but a 24-month interval does not result in an increased incidence of dental caries in healthy children and young adults or increased incidence of gingivitis in healthy adults (SOR: B, a single randomized controlled trial [RCT]). In adults with risk factors (eg, smoking or diabetes), visits at 6-month intervals are associated with a lower incidence of tooth loss (SOR: C, a retrospective cohort study)...
November 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054831/web-based-information-on-the-treatment-of-tobacco-dependence-for-oral-health-professionals-analysis-of-english-written-websites
#12
Márcio Diniz-Freitas, Angel Insua, Ross Keat, Jean Christophe Fricain, Sylvain Catros, Luis Monteiro, Luis Silva, Giovanni Lodi, Alberto Pispero, Rui Albuquerque
BACKGROUND: Studies have been conducted on the content and quality of Web-based information for patients who are interested in smoking cessation advice and for health care practitioners regarding the content of e-learning programs about tobacco cessation. However, to the best of our knowledge, there is no such information about the quality of Web-based learning resources regarding smoking cessation dedicated to oral health professionals. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify and evaluate the quality of the content of webpages providing information about smoking cessation for oral health care professionals...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889345/knowledge-about-the-relation-between-tobacco-and-disease-and-the-attitude-toward-advising-the-cessation-of-its-consumption-among-a-group-of-spanish-dental-students
#13
Alejandro Ismael Lorenzo-Pouso, Mario Pérez-Sayáns, Daniel Pérez-López, Eva María Otero-Rey, Abel García-García, Andrés Blanco-Carrión
Tobacco is one of the leading causes of preventable death in the developed world. Smoking is associated with a large number of oral pathologies, such as cancer and periodontitis. Dental professionals can play a key role in preventing these health problems. The objectives of this study were (1) to analyze tobacco consumption habits among a group of Spanish dental students, and (2) to assess their knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes regarding procedures to help patients quit smoking. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at the Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry of Santiago de Compostela (Galicia, Spain)...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729321/economic-evaluation-of-a-brief-counselling-for-smoking-cessation-in-dentistry-a-case-study-comparing-two-health-economic-models
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Suvi Erika Virtanen, Maria R Galanti, Pia M Johansson, Inna Feldman
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the cost-effectiveness estimates of a brief counselling of smoking cessation in dentistry by using two different health economic models. DESIGN AND OUTCOME MEASURES: Intervention effectiveness was estimated in a cluster randomised controlled trial. The number of quitters was estimated based on 7-day abstinence and on smoking reduction at follow-up. Health economic evaluation was performed using two models: (1) a population-based model employing potential impact fractions and (2) a Markov model estimating the cost-effectiveness of the intervention for the actual participants...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501070/use-of-evidence-based-decision-making-in-comprehensive-dental-treatment-of-a-patient-with-meth-mouth-a-case-report
#15
Saad A Al Hazzani
OBJECTIVE: This case report illustrates the use of evidence-based practice in formulating a comprehensive dental treatment plan for a patient who presented himself with signs of oral health debilitation accompanying methamphetamine (MA) abuse called "meth mouth" with the goal of providing dental care practitioners in Saudi Arabia with an insight into the global problem of MA abuse and its impact on oral health. BACKGROUND: This report documents the case of a 22-year-old male patient who reported to the clinic with rampant caries caused due to MA abuse exacerbated by poor oral hygiene and smoking habit...
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338027/molar-incisor-hypomineralisation
#16
REVIEW
Greig D Taylor
Data sourcesThe Medline and Embase databases and hand searches in the journals International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry and European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry.Study selectionEnglish language cohort and case-control studies.Data extraction and synthesisStudy selection was carried out independently by two reviewers with data abstraction being conducted by a single reviewer and checked by a second reviewer. Risk of bias was assessed using a modified version of the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). Adjusted (aOR) and unadjusted odds ratios (uOR), P-values and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were obtained from the studies...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122153/oral-cancer-screening-for-high-risk-individuals-in-the-primary-healthcare-setting-using-an-active-approach
#17
Allana Pivovar, Zilá Ferreira Dias Gonçalves Dos Santos, Cassius Carvalho Torres-Pereira
BACKGROUND: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is considered a major public health problem. The diagnosis often occurs in advanced stages, causing high morbidity and mortality, and therefore, prevention strategies should be advocated. This study aimed to investigate a model of OSCC screening for high-risk individuals in the Family Health Strategy's (FHS) scenario. METHODS: Participants were men between 50 and 65 years of age registered in a primary healthcare electronic database and resident in an area with low socioeconomic status in the city of Curitiba (Paraná/Brazil)...
October 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100262/dental-caries-status-of-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-seville-spain-a-case-control-study
#18
Eugenio Velasco-Ortega, L Monsalve-Guil, I Ortiz-Garcia, A Jimenez-Guerra, J Lopez-Lopez, J J Segura-Egea
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the dental status (DMFT) in patients with schizophrenia compared with a control group. MATERIAL: In this case-control study, 50 patients with schizophrenia attended in the Psychiatric Unit at the Virgen Macarena University Hospital of Seville were compared with 50 people (without systemic diseases and not taking psychotropic drugs) in a control group attended in the School of Dentistry of Seville. Decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) were assessed according to the World Health Organization WHO criteria...
January 18, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778327/cd8-and-foxp3-t-cell-infiltration-in-actinic-cheilitis
#19
Isolde G Rojas, Maria L Spencer, Paulina A Zapata, Alejandra Martínez, Rosario Alarcón, Francisco J Marchesani, Mine Tezal
BACKGROUND: Differences in immune profile between actinic cheilitis (AC), a precursor of lip squamous cell carcinoma, and normal lip vermillion (NL) have not been elucidated. OBJECTIVES: To compare density, distribution, and ratios of CD8+ and FoxP3+ cells between AC and NL and assess their associations with clinicopathologic variables. METHODS: Samples of AC and NL obtained between 2001 and 2013 at the College of Dentistry of the University of Concepcion, Chile, were retrospectively analyzed for immunohistochemical detection of CD8+ and FoxP3+ cells...
January 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715523/-unknown-title
#20
(no author information available yet)
A specialist team of nurses organised a roadshow for homeless people in Blackpool. The Blackpool Wyre and Fylde Community Health Trust team for the homeless set up a weekend of free services, including health promotion, chiropody, hairdressing, drug information and dentistry. Here health promotion expert Jane Roberts advises a homeless man on smoking cessation at the roadshow.
February 11, 1998: Nursing Standard
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