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Dentistry AND Prevent*

S Karmakar, S Mathur, V Sachdev
AIM: To analyse the effect of colours on children's emotions and variations in anxiety levels using six different coloured attires, white, pink, yellow, green, purple and black. METHODS: Seventy-two children aged between 5-9 years old who had come for restorative treatment in the Department of Paediatric and Preventive Dentistry, I.T.S. Dental College, Muradnagar, Ghaziabad, India were chosen and divided according to Corah's dental anxiety scale into 4 levels of anxiety...
December 10, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Maureen H Craig, JoAnna M Scott, Rebecca L Slayton, Amy L Walker, Donald L Chi
BACKGROUND: Preschool-aged children with special health care needs (CSHCN) from low-income households are at increased risk of developing poor oral health. The study goal was to assess preventive dental care use for CSHCN enrolled in Medicaid within Washington state's Access to Baby and Child Dentistry (ABCD) program. METHODS: The authors analyzed 2012 Medicaid eligibility and claims files for children younger than 6 years in the ABCD program (N = 206,488). The authors used medical diagnosis and eligibility data to identify each child's special needs status (no or yes)...
October 19, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Beatriz Martines de Souza, Daiana Moreli Soares Dos Santos, Ana Carolina Magalhães
The occurrence of caries lesions adjacent to restorations is a serious problem in Dentistry. Therefore, new antimicrobial restorative materials could help to prevent recurrent carious lesions. This study evaluated the effect of a new glass ionomer cement (Ion Z) on the viability of a microcosm biofilm and on the development of enamel demineralization. Enamel samples were filled with the following materials (n=9): A) Ion-Z (FGM Ltda); B) Maxxion R (FGM Ltda); C) Ketac Fil Plus (3M ESPE) and D) no restoration (control)...
November 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Alexandre Viana Frascino, Marcelo Fava, Louise Cominato, Vicente Odone-Filho
The aim of this study was to provide an updated review of dental procedures undertaken at the dental unit of the Onco-hematology service of the Instituto da Criança at the Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo (ICr/HC-FMUSP). We retrospectively reviewed 565 of 1902 medical and dental records of patients diagnosed with onco-hematological diseases who were seen in a 3-year study (January 2015 to December 2017). We assessed data regarding population characteristics, onco-hematological diagnosis and dental procedures performed...
December 3, 2018: Clinics
Amrik Singh Gill, Hana Morrissey, Ayesha Rahman
Background and objectives: The use of antibiotic prophylaxis in extraction and implant dentistry is still controversial, with varying opinions regarding their necessity. The overuse of antibiotics has led to widespread antimicrobial resistance and the emergence of multi drug resistant strains of bacteria. The main aim of this work was to determine whether there is a genuine need for antibiotic prophylaxis in two common dental procedures; dental implants and tooth extractions. Methods: Electronic searches were conducted across databases such as Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, the UK National Health Service, Centre for reviews, Science Direct, PubMed and the British Dental Journal to identify clinical trials of either dental implants or tooth extractions, whereby the independent variable was systemic prophylactic antibiotics used as part of treatment in order to prevent postoperative complications such as implant failure or infection...
December 1, 2018: Medicina
Hyewon Lee, Natalia I Chalmers, Avery Brow, Sean Boynes, Michael Monopoli, Mark Doherty, Olivia Croom, Lilly Engineer
BACKGROUND: To achieve optimal health and oral health, the system of care must place a person and their social well-being at the center of decision making and understand factors spent outside the clinical settings, including individual behavior, context and lifestyle. MAIN TEXT: Person-centered care offers a unique and compelling opportunity for dentistry, and its practitioners, to improve quality of care and overall health outcomes. For decades, the dominant treatment modalities within dentistry primarily focused on a surgical, treatment-oriented approach as opposed to health promotion and improvement...
November 29, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Shanika Nanayakkara, Xiaoyan Zhou, Heiko Spallek
Biomedical big data amasses from different sources such as electronic health records, health research, wearable devices and social media. Recent advances in data capturing, storage and analysis techniques have facilitated conversion of a wealth of knowledge in biomedical big data into evidence-based actionable plans to enhance population health and wellbeing. The delay in reaping the benefits of biomedical big data in dentistry is mainly due to the slow adoption of electronic health record systems, unstructured clinical records, tattered communication between data silos and perceiving oral health as a separate entity from general health...
November 26, 2018: Oral Diseases
Jing Zou
Pediatric dentistry should focus not only on the treatment of various oral diseases during the entire growth and development of children but also on the early prevention, diagnosis, and intervention of various oral diseases in this process. Early identification and removal of risk factors or early intervention for common oral diseases is necessary to the implementation of oral health management for pregnant women, infants, preschool and school-age children, and adolescents with different general and oral physiological characteristics and common oral diseases...
October 1, 2018: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
Alexander Zinke, Christian Hannig, Hendrik Berth
BACKGROUND: Dental Anxiety is still today one of the most common fears and is therefore a great challenge for every dental practitioner. The aim of this study was to identify patients with dental anxiety using the Dental Anxiety Scale and comparing different levels of dental anxiety with oral health using DMF-T and DMF-S index. METHODS: This study questioned 1549 patients over the course of three years (2002-2005). DAS questionnaires were handed out before treatment and the state of oral health was evaluated using DMF-T and DMF-S...
November 20, 2018: Head & Face Medicine
Michele Iafisco, Lorenzo Degli Esposti, Gloria Belén Ramírez-Rodríguez, Francesca Carella, Jaime Gómez-Morales, Andrei Cristian Ionescu, Eugenio Brambilla, Anna Tampieri, José Manuel Delgado-López
Demineralization of dental hard tissue is a widespread problem and the main responsible for dental caries and dentin hypersensitivity. The most promising strategies to induce the precipitation of new mineral phase are the application of materials releasing gradually Ca2+ and PO4 3- ions or mimicking the mineral phase of the host tissue. However, the design of formulations covering both processes is so far a challenge in preventive dentistry. In this work, we have synthesized innovative biomimetic amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP), which has been, for the first time, doped with fluoride ions (FACP) to obtain materials with enhanced anti-caries and remineralizing properties...
November 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yasmi O Crystal, Richard Niederman
This article reviews current evidence on the effectiveness of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) as a caries arresting and preventive agent. It provides clinical recommendations around SDF's appropriate use as part of a comprehensive caries management program. Systematic reviews confirm that SDF is effective for caries arrest on cavitated lesions in primary teeth and root caries in the elderly. It may also prevent new lesions. Application is easy, noninvasive, affordable, and safe. Although it stains the lesions dark as it arrests them, it provides clinicians with an additional tool for caries management when esthetics are not a primary concern...
January 2019: Dental Clinics of North America
Oscar Salomó-Coll, Naroa Lozano-Carrascal, Aida Lázaro-Abdulkarim, Federico Hernández-Alfaro, Jordi Gargallo-Albiol, Marta Satorres-Nieto
PURPOSE: The aim of this clinical study was to determinate if patients allergic to penicillin present a higher incidence of dental implant failure compared with nonallergic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional clinical study analyzed patients rehabilitated with endosseous dental implants between September 2011 and July 2015, at the University Dental Clinic, School of Dentistry, International University of Catalonia (UIC). Prophylactic antibiotic therapy was prescribed for all patients: a single dose of 2 g of amoxicillin taken orally 1 hour before implant surgery for non-penicillin-allergic patients, and 600 mg of clindamycin taken orally 1 hour before the implant surgery for penicillin-allergic patients...
November 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
K Görkem Ulu Güzel, Melis Akyildiz, Gülçin Doğusal, Sultan Keleş, Işil Sönmez
OBJECTIVE: Dental caries is an important public health issue worldwide. In developing countries preventive dentistry is not common; hence, oral and dental health problems continue to generate serious economic and social issues. The aim of this study was to assess oral health and the incidence of dental caries in systemically healthy children aged 3-14 years, provide education on oral hygiene motivation, conduct the necessary preventive and restorative procedures, and reassess caries development at the 6-, 12-, and 18-month post-treatment follow-up...
September 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Diana Silva, Joaquim Mendes, Jorge de Azevedo E Castro, Daniel Ferreira, André Moreira, Miguel Pais Clemente, Mário Vasconcelos
INTRODUCTION: Sports dentistry assumes a clinical relevance, not only in the prevention of orofacial trauma by the use of mouthguards, but also with the development of intraoral devices that aim to provide greater occlusal stability, as well as a greater balance in the level of certain structures of the cranio-cervical-mandibular complex. In this way, the dentistry can have an intervention action on sports performance. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this research was to verify the existence of a correlation between occlusal stability and an eventual balance of some facial structures during sports performance using a specially developed Occlusal Stability Sports Performance Device...
November 8, 2018: Dentistry journal
I J Mills
This opinion paper highlights the value which patients place on the delivery of a person-centred approach within dentistry. Excerpts from a qualitative interview are used to illustrate the level of importance afforded to the soft skills, as viewed through the eyes of a patient with experience of oral cancer. The role of the general dental practitioner in supporting patients with oral cancer is highlighted. Attention is drawn to the importance of the dentist-patient relationship and how this can support identification of risk; delivery of preventative advice; early detection and onward referral; and the provision of ongoing pastoral support...
November 9, 2018: British Dental Journal
Attiguppe Prabhakar, Manjunath Lokeshwari, Saraswathi V Naik, Chandrashekar Yavagal
Aim: To compare and evaluate morphological changes and bacterial deposits in primary carious molars after caries excavation with Carie-Care, erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) laser, and round tungsten carbide bur. Materials and methods: Thirty human carious primary molars extracted for therapeutic reasons were sectioned mesiodistally. These sectioned samples were allocated into three groups (20 samples each): group I: Carie Care, group II: Er:YAG laser, and group III: round tungsten carbide bur...
July 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Preena Sidhu, Swapnil Shankargouda, Avita Rath, Priyadarshini Hesarghatta Ramamurthy, Bennete Fernandes, Ashish Kumar Singh
Oral health influences general well-being and quality of life. Oral diseases can be debilitating and are a major heath concern worldwide. Medicinal plants have been used for thousands of years for treating human diseases. Considering the emergence of multi-drug resistant pathogens and financial difficulties in developing countries, there is an urgent need for developing new antimicrobial compounds which are safe, efficient and cost effective. Liquorice also known as yashtimadhu, sweetwood or mulhatti is one such herbal remedy which has shown to have immense potential in treatment of orofacial diseases...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Sara El Moshy, Marwa M S Abbass, Amal M El-Motayam
Background : Minimally invasive dentistry aims to prevent progression of caries and treats non-cavitated lesions through non-invasive approaches to preserve the integrity of tooth structure. The aim of this research was to investigate the possible biomimetic effect of agarose hydrogel in remineralizing a human demineralized enamel model. Methods : Mandibular third molars were distributed into three groups (G1, G2 and G3) according to the follow up time (2, 4 and 6 days respectively). Caries like lesion was prepared by applying 37% phosphoric acid gel for 1 minute and then remineralization was performed through applying agarose hydrogel on the demineralized surfaces...
2018: F1000Research
M T Montagna, S Mascipinto, C Pousis, F P Bianchi, G Caggiano, L F Carpagnano, O De Giglio, G Barbuti, F Auxilia, A Destrebecq, S Castaldi, T Baldovin, A Bargellini, E Righi, G Boccia, E Santoro, B Casini, A Baggiani, R Novati, R Oriani, A Odone, A G Mezzoiuso, G B Orsi, C Napoli, C Pasquarella, L Veronesi, G Ripabelli, M L Sammarco, A Rossini, R Squeri, P Laganà, G M Antonuccio, C Genovese, S Tardivo, I Torre, R Alfano, F Pennino, M V Torregrossa, M Barchitta, A Agodi
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization's Action Framework for tuberculosis elimination in low-tuberculosis incidence countries includes the screening for active and latent tuberculosis in selected high-risk groups, including health care workers. In this context, medical and health profession students, exposed to nosocomial tuberculosis transmission during training and clinical rotations, are target populations for tuberculosis screening. No updated data are available on tuberculosis screening practice and knowledge of medical and health profession students in Italy...
September 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
Dinesh Rokaya, Viritpon Srimaneepong, Janak Sapkota, Jiaqian Qin, Krisana Siraleartmukul, Vilailuck Siriwongrungson
The use of polymeric materials (PMs) and polymeric films (PMFs) has increased in medicine and dentistry. This increasing interest is attributed to not only the excellent surfaces of PMs and PMFs but also their desired mechanical and biological properties, low production cost, and ease in processing, allowing them to be tailored for a wide range of applications. Specifically, PMs and PMFs are used in dentistry for their antimicrobial, drug delivery properties; in preventive, restorative and regenerative therapies; and for corrosion and friction reduction...
November 2018: Journal of Advanced Research
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