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Dentistry AND Prevent*

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October 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
Jackeline Nogueira de Paula Barros, Thayssa Augusto Assis de Araújo, Thais Rodrigues Campos Soares, Michele Machado Lenzi, Patrícia de Andrade Risso, Tatiana Kelly da Silva Fidalgo, Lucianne Cople Maia
This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the dental trauma profile in primary and permanent teeth from patients between 0 and 15 years old who attended the Faculty of Dentistry of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. Data regarding gender, age, trauma classification, tooth type, and affected tissues were obtained from dental records. The data were analyzed descriptively and by the χ2 test (p < 0.05). Data associated with 333 traumatized teeth (70% primary and 30% permanent teeth) were included. The mean ages of children with affected primary and permanent teeth were 3...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Deepak Khandelwal, Namita Kalra, Rishi Tyagi, Amit Khatri, Komal Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Visiting a dentist can easily evoke strong fear reactions and acute anxiety in children. It is one of the most basic reasons for avoidance and neglect of dental care. It may obstruct delivery of dental care, as the child may be unwilling to accept the treatment being provided by the dentist. AIM: To evaluate and compare reduction in anxiety level in patients undergoing dental treatment at first dental visit. TECHNIQUE: The study was conducted on 400 patients coming to the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, University College of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, for their first dental visit...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Moshtagh R Farokhi, Andrew Muck, Juanita Lozano-Pineda, Stephanie L Boone, Heidi Worabo
The aim of this study was to assess the oral health literacy knowledge gained by patients who are refugees, community members, and medical and nursing students after participating in an interprofessional education collaborative of students and faculty from the University of Texas Health San Antonio Schools of Dentistry, Medicine, and Nursing. In this faculty-student collaborative practice, all patients were triaged (including oral hygiene status and alcohol/tobacco use), and tailored treatment options were offered following assessment of their dental, medical, and social histories...
October 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Fraidoon Kavoosi, Farzan Modaresi, Masumeh Sanaei, Zahra Rezaei
Nanoparticles are tiny materials with nanosized components less than 100 nm in at least one dimension with physicochemical properties, which make them very attractive for medical application. These compounds have been evaluated as potential medicines for several decades. Nanotechnology has provided advances in the various fields of health sciences such as diagnosis, prevention and treatment by application of the agents named nanomedicines, including proteins, polymers, micelles, dendrimers, liposomes, emulsions, nanocapsules and nanoparticles...
October 2018: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
Rebecca L Slayton, Olivia Urquhart, Marcelo W B Araujo, Margherita Fontana, Sandra Guzmán-Armstrong, Marcelle M Nascimento, Brian B Nový, Norman Tinanoff, Robert J Weyant, Mark S Wolff, Douglas A Young, Domenick T Zero, Malavika P Tampi, Lauren Pilcher, Laura Banfield, Alonso Carrasco-Labra
BACKGROUND: An expert panel convened by the American Dental Association Council on Scientific Affairs and the Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry conducted a systematic review and formulated evidence-based clinical recommendations for the arrest or reversal of noncavitated and cavitated dental caries using nonrestorative treatments in children and adults. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors conducted a systematic search of the literature in MEDLINE and Embase via Ovid, Cochrane CENTRAL, and Cochrane database of systematic reviews to identify randomized controlled trials reporting on nonrestorative treatments for noncavitated and cavitated carious lesions...
October 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Shaheer Maher, Arash Mazinani, Mohammad Reza Barati, Dusan Losic
Therapeutics delivery to bones to treat skeletal diseases or prevent postsurgical infections is challenging due to complex and solid bone structure that limits blood supply and diffusion of therapeutics administered by systemic routes to reach effective concentration. Titanium (Ti) and their alloys are employed as mainstream implant materials in orthopedics and dentistry; having superior mechanical/biocompatibility properties which could provide an alternative solution to address this problem. Areas covered: This review presents an overview of recent development of Ti drug-releasing implants, with emphasis on nanoengineered Titania nanotubes (TNTs) structures, for solving key problems to improve implants osseointegration, overcome inflammation and infection together with providing localized drug delivery (LDD) for bone diseases including cancer...
October 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
Angel Alvarez-Arenal, Leticia Alvarez-Menendez, Ignacio Gonzalez-Gonzalez, Jose Antonio Alvarez-Riesgo, Aritza Brizuela-Velasco, Hector deLlanos-Lanchares
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the presence of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) was related to the considered risk factors and to show the corresponding odds ratio in a predictive model. METHODS: The sample was 280 dentistry students. In an initial clinical examination, 140 cases were selected that presented one or more teeth with non-carious cervical wear. For each case, a similar sex and age control without any tooth with non-carious cervical lesions was selected...
September 25, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Preetika Chandna, Nikhil Srivastava, Alpana Sharma, Vrinda Sharma, Nidhi Gupta, Vivek Kumar Adlakha
Aim: This study aimed to quantitatively assess the levels of Scardovia wiggsiae in caries-free and early childhood caries (ECC)- and severe ECC (SECC)-affected children using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Methods: Forty-five children aged <71 months were randomly recruited from the Outpatient Clinic at the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry at Subharti Dental College and Hospital, Meerut, India. Fifteen children suffering from ECC, 15 with SECC, and 15 children without ECC were enrolled in the study...
July 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Najmeh Mohammadi, Mohammad Hossein Farahmand Far
Background: International data on caries epidemiology confirm that dental caries remains a significant disease of childhood in both developing and developed countries. Based on preventive dentistry, topical fluoride may be a useful measure to arrest caries lesions. Fluoride used in various forms have been proven to be effective in dental caries prevention. Aim: This study aims to compare the effect of fluoridated varnish and silver diamine fluoride (SDF) solution on primary teeth enamel resistance to demineralization...
July 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Sudhindra Baliga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Ahmad Madarati, Seema Abid, Faisal Tamimi, Ali Ezzi, Aya Sammani, Mohamad Bachar Abou Al Shaar, Muhammad Zafar
BACKGROUND: A number of factors (first experience, treating clinician and time to place dental-dam) may influence patients' preferences regarding dental-dams. In general, patients accept placing it and that it must be used for teeth isolation during endodontic procures for the sake of patient safety and infection control. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to investigate preferences and experiences of patients using dental-dam (DD) isolation during root canal treatment (RCT) and to explore influencing factors among the residents of Madinah Munnawara, Saudi Arabia...
September 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2018: British Dental Journal
Mitchel S Godat, Todd D Gruen, P D Miller, Roger D Craddock
Excess tissue often exists distal to the upper second molar, creating a pocket in the maxillary tuberosity. When removed from this location, this tissue can serve as an optimal piece of connective tissue (CT), helping to both prevent periodontal disease and treat periodontal recession while also aiding in restorative dentistry. This tissue is an ideal CT for root coverage and soft-tissue ridge-augmentation grafting. This article provides an overview of CT grafting, including a discussion of tuberosity CT and its advantages versus palatal CT...
September 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Henry Ademola Adeola, Anthonio Adefuye, Olujide Soyele, Azeez Butali
The future of evidence-based dentistry in developing Africa heavily depends on a sustainable establishment of a vibrant dentist-scientist workforce. A dentist scientist is saddled with the responsibility of carrying out robust cutting edge research projects that are inspired by clinical experience. Currently, there are no pipelines in place to systematically train such dentists, neither are there programs in place to allow trained African dentists choose such a career pathway. A dentist-scientist is a person who studied oral, dental, maxillofacial (or craniofacial) diseases, prevention, and population sciences (obtaining a medical degrees such as bachelor of dental surgery [BDS] or BChD) alone; or in combination with other advanced degrees such as doctor of dental surgery (DDS)/doctor of philosophy (PhD) or BDS/PhD...
September 2018: Korean Journal of Medical Education
Johann Lechner, Sammy Noumbissi, Volker von Baehr
Background and introduction: It is a well-known fact that titanium particles deriving from dental titanium implants (DTI) dissolve into the surrounding bone. Although titanium (TI) is regarded as a compatible implant material, increasing concern is coming up that the dissolved titanium particles induce inflammatory reactions around the implant. Specifically, the inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) is expressed in the adjacent bone. The transition from TNF-α-induced local inflammation following insertion of DTI surgery to a chronic stage of "silent inflammation" could be a neglected cause of unexplained medical conditions...
September 2018: EPMA Journal
Natalia S Moiseeva, Anatoly A Kunin, Cenk M Haytac
The most important problems of modern dentistry cover not only the early diagnosis but also prevention of dental caries, including the one based on the use of various hygienic products and therapeutic agents. Normally, the processes of re- and demineralization in the oral cavity are in a state of dynamic. However, in the presence of cariogenic factors, the balance is shifted towards demineralization. In the event of initial caries, enamel remineralization is possible only to a certain extent, and specifically, for a reversible degree of carious lesion...
September 2018: EPMA Journal
A Geddis-Regan, G Walton
There are a growing number of older patients who are retaining their natural teeth. Though the majority of these patients remain independent, many are affected by frailty, multi-morbidity or dementia. The complexities associated with dementia have led to guidelines being produced by the FGDP, Dementia friendly dentistry, although other features of ageing can similarly increase the risk of dental disease and the consequent complexity, safety and suitability of providing treatment. Prevention of dental disease is crucial for older patients as the features of ageing may make the risk of treatment greater than that of younger patients...
September 14, 2018: British Dental Journal
Brenda Yuliana Herrera Serna, Olga Patricia López Soto
OBJECTIVE: Given the high prevalence of caries and periodontal disease globally, and its cumulative process from an early age, effective strategies are required to influence healthy habits that are formed in a sustainable manner, taking advantage of common spaces such as school. The objective was to evaluate for 72 months an oral health prevention strategy in schoolchildren. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study considered an initial sample of 350 students with similar cultural and socioeconomic conditions, which was later reduced to 220, after the 72 months...
August 31, 2018: Revista Española de Salud Pública
Adela Koni, Maria Kufersin, Federico Ronchese, Mauro Travan, Milena Cadenaro, Francesca Larese Filon
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal (MS) disorders are very common among dentists due to abnormal positions maintained during their work. There is the need to teach undergraduate students ergonomic procedures to prevent MS pain and disorders. METHODS: All the students of the School of Dentistry at the University of Trieste were enrolled for the study (No. 55). A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect anthropometric information, previous or current diseases, MS pain and disorders and work tasks performed...
August 28, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
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