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Dentistry AND Prevent*

Cor van Loveren
The World Health Organization guideline to use less sugar may be an opportunity and support for dentistry in its goal to get the message of using less sugar across to the public. Two ways (with all the combinations of these) to achieve a reduction of sugar consumption are the reduction of the amount of sugar in products or the reduction of the frequency of consumption of sugar-containing products. Which sugar-reducing strategy is best for caries prevention? To answer this question, this manuscript discusses the shape of the dose-response association between sugar intake and caries, the influence of fluoridated toothpaste on the association of sugar intake and caries and the relative contribution of frequency and amount of sugar intake to caries levels...
August 8, 2018: Caries Research
Asad Ali, Nouman Safdar Ali, Usama Nasir, Muhammad Aadil, Neha Waqas, Ahsan Zil-E-Ali, Muhammad Jahanzaib Anwar, Ibrar Anjum
The number of new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) cases is increasing in Pakistan while it has seen a decline globally. A survey conducted recently has found that 132,000 people in Pakistan suffer from HIV. This study aims to check the levels of knowledge and attitudes about HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) among medical and dental students. This cross-sectional study was designed and conducted at Combined Military Hospital Lahore Medical College and the Institute of Dentistry (CMH LMC) in Lahore, Pakistan in 2016...
April 4, 2018: Curēus
Alexandre Sarfati, Gil Tirlet
This article revisits the concept of biologic width, in particular its clinical consequences for treatment options and decisions in light of modern dentistry approaches such as biomimetics and minimally invasive procedures. In the past, due to the need to respect biologic width, clinicians were used to removing periodontal tissue around deep cavities, bone, and gum so that the limits of restorations were placed far away from the epithelium and connective attachments, in order to prevent tissue loss, root exposure, opening of the proximal area (leading to black holes), and poor esthetics...
2018: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
Peter Arrow, Rob McPhee, David Atkinson, Tamara Mackean, Sanjeewa Kularatna, Utsana Tonmukayakul, David Brennan, David Palmer, Soniya Nanda, Lisa Jamieson
BACKGROUND: The caries experience of Aboriginal children in Western Australia (WA) and elsewhere in Australia is more than twice that of non-Aboriginal children. Early childhood caries (caries among children <6 years) has a significant impact on the quality of life of children and their caregivers, and its management is demanding and commonly undertaken under general anesthesia. A randomized controlled trial using a minimally invasive dentistry approach based on Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) in metropolitan Perth, WA, has demonstrated a significant reduction in the rate of referral to a dental specialist for dental care among children with early childhood caries, potentially reducing the need for treatment under general anesthesia...
July 25, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Donald B Giddon, Leon A Assael
Dentistry is represented to the US public in large part by the various professional associations, which speak for the interests of general and specialized dentists, mostly in private proprietary practice. Unfortunately, the interests of dental professional associations may often be in conflict with those of the public. To resolve this continued disparity, it behooves the dental leadership to become more involved with the overall health care system than continuing to enhance the economic interests of the profession without sufficient regard for the world-wide burden of unmet dental needs...
September 2018: Preventive Medicine
Ranjeet A Bapat, Tanay V Chaubal, Chaitanya P Joshi, Prachi R Bapat, Hira Choudhury, Manisha Pandey, Bapi Gorain, Prashant Kesharwani
Oral cavity is a gateway to the entire body and protection of this gateway is a major goal in dentistry. Plaque biofilm is a major cause of majority of dental diseases and although various biomaterials have been applied for their cure, limitations pertaining to the material properties prevent achievement of desired outcomes. Nanoparticle applications have become useful tools for various dental applications in endodontics, periodontics, restorative dentistry, orthodontics and oral cancers. Off these, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been used in medicine and dentistry due to its antimicrobial properties...
October 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Robin Wendell Evans, Carlos Alberto Feldens, Prathip Phantunvanit
The global Early Childhood Caries (ECC) burden is of concern to the World Health Organisation (WHO), but the quantification of this burden and risk is unclear, partly due to difficulties in accessing young children for population surveys and partly due to diagnostic criteria for ECC experience. The WHO criterion for caries diagnosis is the late stage event of dentine cavitation. Earlier stages of the caries lesion are clinically detectable and should be registered earlier in the life of children and arrested/remineralized before lesions progress to the cavitation stage...
July 18, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
N L Tjeerdsma, E L van der Kooi, E H van der Meij, J G A M de Visscher
In a patient with myasthenia gravis, a life-threatening myasthenic crisis can occur, a complication of myasthenia gravis. The crisis can be triggered by, among other things, emotional stress, pain, infections and a reaction to medication. The policy for invasive dental treatment in a patient with myasthenia gravis must be aimed at preventing a crisis. Prior to the intervention, consultation with the neurologist in charge is necessary because sometimes optimisation of the medication or preventive measures are required...
July 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
H Kalsbeek
In the Dutch Journal of Dentistry the opinion is often expressed that treatment of carious deciduous teeth is necessary to reduce the risk of dental caries in the permanent teeth. It is clear that early restorative treatment of caries lesions can contribute to the preservation of teeth. The question is whether such a treatment also has a primary preventive impact on other not yet affected teeth. Results of epidemiological research carried out in the period 1960-1980 do not support the view that it does. To combat the 'disease' caries in children restoration of carious teeth alone will not suffice...
July 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
Sogra Yassaei, Hossein Aghili, Neda Shahraki, Isa Safari
Objective: This study aimed to assess the efficacy of erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) laser, pastes containing casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) with and without fluoride and their combination for prevention of white spot lesions in the enamel. Materials and Methods: This in vitro experimental study was conducted on 90 extracted sound premolars. The teeth were then randomly divided into six groups of 15: (1) Control, (2) laser, (3) CPP-ACP with fluoride (GC MI Paste, Recaldent™ 900 ppm as NaF), (4) CPP-ACP without fluoride (GC Tooth Mousse Recaldent™), (5) laser + CPP-ACP with fluoride, and (6) laser + CPP-ACP without fluoride...
April 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Frederic Meyer, Bennett T Amaechi, Helge-Otto Fabritius, Joachim Enax
Background: The use of biomimetic agents is an emerging field in modern oral care. Promising biomimetic substances for such applications are calcium phosphates, because their chemical composition is very similar to that of the mineral phase in human teeth, especially of natural enamel. Examples for their application include the remineralization of early caries lesions and repair of small enamel defects. Objective: This review provides an interdisciplinary view on calcium phosphates and their applications in biomimetic oral care...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Craig R Ramsay, Jan E Clarkson, Anne Duncan, Thomas J Lamont, Peter A Heasman, Dwayne Boyers, Beatriz Goulão, Debbie Bonetti, Rebecca Bruce, Jill Gouick, Lynne Heasman, Laura A Lovelock-Hempleman, Lorna E Macpherson, Giles I McCracken, Alison M McDonald, Fiona McLaren-Neil, Fiona E Mitchell, John Dt Norrie, Marjon van der Pol, Kirsty Sim, James G Steele, Alex Sharp, Graeme Watt, Helen V Worthington, Linda Young
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease is preventable but remains the most common oral disease worldwide, with major health and economic implications. Stakeholders lack reliable evidence of the relative clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of different types of oral hygiene advice (OHA) and the optimal frequency of periodontal instrumentation (PI). OBJECTIVES: To test clinical effectiveness and assess the economic value of the following strategies: personalised OHA versus routine OHA, 12-monthly PI (scale and polish) compared with 6-monthly PI, and no PI compared with 6-monthly PI...
July 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
(no author information available yet)
Toothpaste is an oral health care product that can be used to help cleansing teeth and improve oral hygiene. Currently use of toothpaste has been transferred from the conventional objective of oral hygiene to the new era of prevention and intervention of oral diseases. Therefore, functional toothpaste has been developed in a fast way. It is imperative to investigate toothpaste, because the wise use of specific functional toothpaste could prevent or reduce oral diseases such as dental caries and periodontal diseases, improve people ' s oral and general health and save social healthcare resources...
September 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Mohit Bansal, Nidhi Gupta, Gurpreet Kaur Saini, Neha Sharma
BACKGROUND: To provide quality care to the patient's perspective and patient satisfaction are two major multidimensional concepts. In India, patient satisfaction with dental services has received only minor attention as the importance of the teeth is always neglected. OBJECTIVE: To assess the satisfaction level among patients toward dental treatment rendered at an academic institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 474 voluntary camp patients visiting Department of Public Health Dentistry, Swami Devi Dyal Hospital and Dental College, Barwala, using a 14-item closed ended questionnaire which included demographic details, attitude, and practices of the participants and their satisfaction level to the treatment rendered to them was graded as highly satisfied, satisfied, and not satisfied...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Rike van Eekeren, Leàn Rolfes, Andries S Koster, Lara Magro, Gurumurthy Parthasarathi, Hussain Al Ramimmy, Tim Schutte, Daisuke Tanaka, Eugène van Puijenbroek, Linda Härmark
Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) can cause serious health problems, as shown in studies about drug-related hospitalizations. To build knowledge of and raise awareness about ADRs among healthcare professionals, more education in the field of ADRs and pharmacovigilance (PV) is needed. No standard exists for teaching PV at universities for medical, pharmacy, dentistry and nursing students, so a core curriculum needs to be developed to teach important aspects of PV to students. In September 2016, a stakeholders' meeting was initiated on behalf of the World Health Organization (WHO) and organized by the Netherlands Pharmacovigilance Centre Lareb...
June 13, 2018: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
Derek Richards
Data sourcesPubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases. Websites of scientific societies of dental traumatology, paediatric dentistry, endodontics, oral-maxillofacial surgery and World Health Organization and the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention were searched. There were no language restrictions, but the search was limited to the years 1996-2016.Study selectionObservational studies reporting proportions of individuals with at least one TDI (prevalence) and who developed TDI (incidence rate) were considered...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
David McReynolds, Brett Duane
Data sourcesPubMed, Pubmed Clinical Queries, EMBASE, the American Dental Associations Evidence-Based Dentistry Website, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, repository of the Journal of the American Dental Association and Google Scholar.Study selectionFour authors independently assessed the abstracts of studies resulting from the above searches which compared treatment of root caries in an older population with SDF versus other preventive agents or placebos.Data extraction and synthesisTitles and abstracts of all reports identified through the electronic searches were assessed independently by four authors based on agreed upon inclusion and exclusion criteria...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Vivek Shetty, John Yamamoto, Kenneth Yale
The convergent forces of rising costs, growing consumerism, expensive new treatments, sociodemographic shifts and increasing health disparities are exerting intense and unsustainable pressures on healthcare systems. As with the other health domains, these disruptive forces demand new approaches and delivery models for oral healthcare. Technological innovations and practices borrowed from the e-commerce and tech sectors could facilitate the move to a sustainable 21st century oral healthcare system, one that delivers high-quality, value-based care to wider groups of patients...
July 2018: Journal of Dentistry
Ning Zhang, Ke Zhang, Michael D Weir, David J Xu, Mark A Reynolds, Yuxing Bai, Hockin H K Xu
Biofilms at the tooth-restoration bonded interface can produce acids and cause recurrent caries. Recurrent caries is a primary reason for restoration failures. The objectives of this study were to synthesize a novel bioactive dental bonding agent containing dimethylaminohexadecyl methacrylate (DMAHDM) and 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC) to inhibit biofilm formation at the tooth-restoration margin and to investigate the effects of water-aging for 6 months on the dentin bond strength and protein-repellent and antibacterial durability...
June 21, 2018: International Journal of Oral Science
Max Masthoff, Mirjam Gerwing, Malte Masthoff, Maximilian Timme, Johannes Kleinheinz, Markus Berninger, Walter Heindel, Moritz Wildgruber, Christoph Schülke
BACKGROUND:  As dental imaging accounts for approximately 40 % of all X-ray examinations in Germany, profound knowledge of this topic is essential not only for the dentist but also for the clinical radiologist. This review focuses on basic imaging findings regarding the teeth. Therefore, tooth structure, currently available imaging techniques and common findings in conserving dentistry including endodontology, periodontology, implantology and dental trauma are presented. METHODS:  Literature research on the current state of dental radiology was performed using Pubmed...
June 18, 2018: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
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