keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Types of insulin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909574/the-possible-antidiabetic-effects-of-vitamin-d-receptors-agonist-in-rat-model-of-type-2-diabetes
#1
Wafaa M Abdel-Rehim, Rasha A El-Tahan, Mennatullah A El-Tarawy, Rowaida R Shehata, Maher A Kamel
Vitamin D3 deficiency was found to be tightly linked to many health problems including metabolic syndrome, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. In our study, we tested the possible antidiabetic effects of one of vitamin D3 analogs, alfacalcidol, solely or in a combination with metformin on type 2 diabetic rats. Type 2 diabetic model rats were induced by feeding high-fat diet for 4 weeks followed by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. In addition to the control group, the diabetic rats were divided into four groups: untreated, metformin-treated, alfacalcidol-treated, and combination-treated group (metformin + alfacalcidol) for 4 weeks...
June 16, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909550/methods-for-measuring-risk-for-type-2-diabetes-in-youth-the-oral-glucose-tolerance-test-ogtt
#2
REVIEW
Melinda E Chen, Rebecca S Aguirre, Tamara S Hannon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is used both in clinical practice and research to assess glucose tolerance. In addition, the OGTT is utilized for surrogate measures of insulin sensitivity and the insulin response to enteral glucose and has been widely applied in the evaluation of β-cell dysfunction in obesity, prediabetes, and type 2 diabetes. Here we review the use of the OGTT and the OGTT-derived indices for measurement of risk markers for type 2 diabetes in youth...
June 16, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909441/annular-pancreas-in-china-9-years-experience-from-a-single-center
#3
REVIEW
DengLiang Wang, Quan Kang, ShuJun Shi, Wei Hu
To summarize the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis among 152 children with annular pancreas (AP). A retrospective review of 152 patients with AP who were treated with surgical repair between January 2009 and August 2017 was performed at our pediatric surgical units. Presenting symptoms, birth weight, radiological findings, associated anomalies, the type of surgery performed were analyzed. (1) 152 patients were identified, out of which 82 were males, and 70 were females; (2) the average birth weight of children with AP was less than that of healthy newborns...
June 16, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909196/bioelectronic-organ-based-sensor-for-microfluidic-real-time-analysis-of-the-demand-in-insulin
#4
R Perrier, A Pirog, M Jaffredo, J Gaitan, B Catargi, S Renaud, M Raoux, J Lang
On-line and real-time analysis of micro-organ activity permits to use the endogenous analytical power of cellular signal transduction algorithms as biosensors. We have developed here such a sensor using only a few pancreatic endocrine islets and the avoidance of transgenes or chemical probes reduces bias and procures general usage. Nutrient and hormone-induced changes in islet ion fluxes through channels provide the first integrative read-out of micro-organ activity. Using extracellular electrodes we captured this read-out non-invasively as slow potentials which reflect glucose concentration-dependent (3-15 mM) micro-organ activation and coupling...
June 8, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909009/knockout-of-cnr1-prevents-metabolic-stress-induced-cardiac-injury-through-improving-insulin-resistance-ir-injury-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-er-stress-by-promoting-ampk-alpha-activation
#5
Su-Juan Pei, Huai-Yuan Zhu, Jin-Hui Guo, Xin Zhang, Zhi-Jian Deng
Obesity and diabetes are associated with diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). However, the pathogenesis of DCM is not fully understood. Cannabinoid receptor gene (CNR1) has been a drug target for the treatment of obesity. Here, we reported that CNR1 expression was increased in high fat diet (HFD)-induced heart of mice. Following, the wild type (CNR1+/+ ) and CNR1-knockout (CNR1-/- ) mice were employed and subjected to HFD treatments for 16 weeks to further investigate the effects of CNR1 on DCM. The results indicated that CNR1 knockout mice after HFD feeding exhibited a significant decrease of body weight and lipid accumulation in serum...
June 14, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908078/ultrasound-detection-of-insulin-induced-lipohypertrophy-in-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes
#6
J E Kapeluto, B W Paty, S D Chang, G S Meneilly
AIMS: To define standard criteria for the detection of lipohypertrophy using ultrasonography and to determine the accuracy of this method. METHOD: Individuals using insulin therapy for ≥2 years with unknown lipohypertrophy status were enrolled at a diabetes education centre. A team of diabetes educator nurses performed a clinical examination for evidence of lipohypertrophy and a separate team of ultrasonographers examined participants in a blinded fashion. RESULTS: The echo signature for lipohypertrophy consisted of location in the subcutaneous layer and lesions that were 1) well circumscribed either by hyperechoic foci with defined borders or a nodular shape with a hypoechoic halo, 2) heterogeneous in echotexture compared with surrounding tissue, 3) associated with distortion of surrounding connective tissue with 4) absence of vascularity and 5) absence of capsule...
June 16, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908010/rapamycin-improves-insulin-resistance-and-hepatic-steatosis-in-type-2-diabetes-rats-through-activation-of-autophagy
#7
Wan Zhou, Shandong Ye
Insulin resistance (IR) is a hallmark of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study aimed to explore the effects of rapamycin, a specific inhibitor of kinase mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), on IR in T2DM rats, and to validate whether the underlying mechanism was associated with autophagy. In this study, the model of T2DM rats was established by feeding the animals with a high-fat diet (HFD) and intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ). Diabetic rats were randomly divided into model of T2DM control group (DM-C, n=15), metformin group (DM-M, n=15), rapamycin group (DM-Rapa, n=15), 3-methyladenine (3-MA) group (DM-3-MA, n=15), and rapamycin+3-MA group (DM-Rapa-3-MA, n=15)...
June 16, 2018: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907546/clinical-value-of-flash-glucose-monitoring-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-treated-with-continuous-subcutaneous-insulin-infusion
#8
Jesus Moreno-Fernandez, Marcos Pazos-Couselo, Maria González-Rodriguez, Pedro Rozas, Manuel Delgado, Miguel Aguirre, Jose Manuel Garcia-Lopez
AIM: To analyze the clinical impact of the Flash glucose monitoring system in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) treated with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII). METHODS: A 24-week retrospective cohort study in CSII-treated T1DM patients exposed (1:1) to the Flash glucose monitoring system vs. self-monitoring of capillary blood glucose (SMBG). The primary outcome was the difference in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels between both groups at the end of the study...
June 12, 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906034/schmidt%C3%A2-s-syndrome-a-difficult-diagnosis-in-the-latin-american-context
#9
Claudia Barreda-Velit, Rodrigo Salcedo-Pereda, Jesús Ticona
Background: Schmidt’s syndrome, also known as poliglandular autoimmune syndrome type 2, is a rare disease that has a prevalence between 1.5-4.5 cases per 100 000 inhabitants. The diagnosis consists in the concomitant presentation of Addison disease, autoimmune thyroid disease and other autoimmune endocrinological conditions. The aim of this paper is to describe a case of Schmidt’s syndrome in the peruvian context and to analyze the difficulties in the diagnosis. Clinical case: We present the case of a 43-year-old woman that presents to the emergency room with headache, nausea, vomits and a “syncope episode”...
March 2018: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904722/underrated-enemy-from-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-to-cancers-of-the-gastrointestinal-tract
#10
REVIEW
Aleksandra Derra, Martyna Bator, Tomasz Menżyk, Michał Kukla
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is intrahepatic ectopic lipid deposition which is present despite a lack of other causes of secondary hepatic fat accumulation. It is the most common chronic liver disorder in the welldeveloped countries. NAFLD is a multidisciplinary disease that affects various systems and organs and is inextricably linked to simple obesity, metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance and overt diabetes mellitus type 2. The positive energy balance related to obesity leads to a variety of systemic changes including modified levels of insulin, insulin- like growth factor-1, adipokines, hepatokines and cytokines...
June 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904712/data-on-insulin-therapy-refusal-among-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus-patients-in-mashhad-iran
#11
Zahra Mostafavian, Sahar Ghareh, Farnaz Torabian, Mohammad Sarafraz Yazdi, Mahmood Reza Khazaei
Insulin has been considered as a therapy option of last resort in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) management. Delay in insulin therapy is common in these patients. This study collected the data on the factors associated with insulin refusal in poorly controlled T2DM patients prior to insulin therapy. The data collected from two endocrinology outpatient clinics affiliated by Islamic Azad University of Mashhad, Iran (IAUM) from January 2016 to September 2017. Study population was adults with non-insulin-using type 2 diabetes mellitus who refused insulin therapy...
June 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904612/proteomic-identification-of-potential-markers-of-myosteatosis-in-human-urine
#12
Holger Husi, Alisdair MacDonald, Richard J E Skipworth, Janice Miller, Andrew Cronshaw, Kenneth C H Fearon, James A Ross
Myosteatosis, the infiltration of fat in skeletal muscle, is associated with lower skeletal muscle density (SMD) as detected by computed tomography (CT). It increases with aging and obesity and is thought to play a role in the aetiology of insulin resistance and type II diabetes. The clinical significance of myosteatosis in cancer cachexia, however, remains to be determined. Along with demonstrable subcutaneous and visceral lipolysis, myosteatosis may also be a key component of the syndrome. We aimed to investigate the use of human urine as a non-invasive way to screen for molecular biomarkers of myosteatosis/reduced SMD using SELDI-TOF mass spectrometry...
June 2018: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904053/naoxintong-capsules-inhibit-the-development-of-diabetic-nephropathy-in-db-db-mice
#13
Shu Yang, Mengyang Liu, Yuanli Chen, Chuanrui Ma, Lipei Liu, Buchang Zhao, Yong Wang, Xiaoju Li, Yan Zhu, Xiumei Gao, Deling Kong, Yajun Duan, Jihong Han, Xiaoxiao Yang
NaoXinTong Capsule (NXT), a Chinese medicine, is currently used to treat patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Clinical observations indicate its anti-diabetic functions with unclear mechanisms. Herein, we report the effect of NXT on diabetic nephropathy (DN). Type 2 diabetic db/db mice were treated with NXT for 14 weeks. In the course of treatment, NXT reduced diabetes-increased glucose levels and improved renal functions. At the end of treatment, we found that NXT ameliorated serum lipid profiles and other biochemical parameters...
June 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903847/hypoglycemia-cardiovascular-outcomes-and-death-the-leader-experience
#14
Bernard Zinman, Steven P Marso, Erik Christiansen, Salvatore Calanna, Søren Rasmussen, John B Buse
OBJECTIVE: In the Liraglutide Effect and Action in Diabetes: Evaluation of Cardiovascular Outcome Results (LEADER) cardiovascular (CV) outcomes trial (NCT01179048), liraglutide significantly reduced the risk of CV events (by 13%) and hypoglycemia versus placebo. This post hoc analysis examines the associations between hypoglycemia and CV outcomes and death. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients with type 2 diabetes and high risk for CV disease ( n = 9,340) were randomized 1:1 to liraglutide or placebo, both in addition to standard treatment, and followed for 3...
June 14, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903737/inactivation-of-the-e3-ubiquitin-ligase-idol-inducible-degrader-of-the-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-attenuates-diet-induced-obesity-and-metabolic-dysfunction-in-mice
#15
Nienke M van Loon, Roelof Ottenhoff, Sander Kooijman, Martina Moeton, Saskia Scheij, Reinout L P Roscam Abbing, Marion J J Gijbels, Johannes H M Levels, Vincenzo Sorrentino, Jimmy F P Berbée, Patrick C N Rensen, Noam Zelcer
OBJECTIVE: The E3 ubiquitin ligase IDOL (inducible degrader of the LDLR [LDL (low-density lipoprotein) receptor]) is a post-transcriptional regulator of LDLR abundance. Model systems and human genetics support a role for IDOL in regulating circulating LDL levels. Whether IDOL plays a broader metabolic role and affects development of metabolic syndrome-associated comorbidities is unknown. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We studied WT (wild type) and Idol ( -/ - ) (Idol-KO) mice in 2 models: physiological aging and diet-induced obesity...
June 14, 2018: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901521/serum-prolactin-contributes-to-enhancing-prolactin-receptor-and-pjak2-in-type-i-endometrial-cancer-cells-in-young-women-without-insulin-resistance
#16
Chimeddulam Erdenebaatar, Munekage Yamaguchi, Mahina Monsur, Fumitaka Saito, Ritsuo Honda, Hironori Tashiro, Takashi Ohba, Ken-Ichi Iyama, Hidetaka Katabuchi
Elevated levels of serum prolactin and a high expression of prolactin receptor (PRLR) in cancer cells was recently identified in patients with endometrial cancer (EC). However, the impact of prolactin on EC remains unknown. The aim of this study was to elucidate the clinical and immunohistochemical characteristics of hyperprolactinemic patients with EC according to the pathogenetic types, type I and type II. EC patients were retrospectively divided into a high prolactin (HP) group and a low prolactin (LP) group by a serum prolactin level of 20 ng/mL and were compared between 2 groups...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901421/accuracy-of-a-factory-calibrated-real-time-continuous-glucose-monitoring-system-during-10-days-of-use-in-youth-and-adults-with-diabetes
#17
R Paul Wadwa, Lori M Laffel, Viral N Shah, Satish K Garg
BACKGROUND: Frequent use of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) systems is associated with improved glycemic outcomes in persons with diabetes, but the need for calibrations and sensor insertions are often barriers to adoption. In this study, we evaluated the performance of G6, a sixth-generation, factory-calibrated CGM system specified for 10-day wear. METHODS: The study enrolled participants of ages 6 years and up with type 1 diabetes or insulin-treated type 2 diabetes at 11 sites in the United States...
June 14, 2018: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901406/recommendations-for-initiating-use-of-afrezza-inhaled-insulin-in-individuals-with-type-1-diabetes
#18
Jeremy Pettus, Tricia Santos Cavaiola, Steven V Edelman
Treatment with Afrezza® (insulin human) inhalation powder in individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1D) reduces HbA1c levels similar to rapid-acting insulin analogs, but with significantly less hypoglycemia due to its unique time action profile. Examinations of studies of Afrezza pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics, relevant clinical trials, and U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) documentation suggest that current FDA-mandated dosing recommendations for initiating Afrezza treatment may not result in optimal glycemic control for individuals with T1D...
June 14, 2018: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901181/microrna%C3%A2-539-inhibits-cell-proliferation-colony-formation-and-invasion-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-by-directly-targeting-igf%C3%A2-1r
#19
Yongquan Lin, Lihua Rong, Jingrong Zhao, Ronghui Lin, Shuhua Li
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) possess oncogenic and tumour‑suppressive roles in the carcinogenesis and progression of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) by regulating the expression of numerous cancer‑related genes. Thus, the investigation on the expression and roles of miRNAs in PDAC may facilitate the identification of novel and effective targets for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of patients with PDAC. miRNA‑539 (miR‑539) has been studied in multiple types of human cancer. However, its expression and potential biological function in PDAC remain unclear...
May 31, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900477/the-use-of-biosimilars-in-the-middle-east-review-article
#20
REVIEW
Nazar AbdulLateef Jassim, Yasameen Abbas Humadi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Biosimilars are of growing importance worldwide, and many leading countries are introducing them in their health care systems and are using them in many fields of medicine owing to their low price tags in comparison with the brands and to their similarities in terms of function and side effects. So we cannot look past them and continue to rely on the innovator drugs since many had proven their efficacies in number of researches and Trials, not to mention the burden that many diseases pose on the budgets of the third world countries making using a lower priced alternatives a much appealing choice for the decision makers...
June 13, 2018: Current Rheumatology Reports
keyword
keyword
16446
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"