Read by QxMD icon Read

Surgical clinics

Claudia Schadow, Hanna Schmidt, Alexander Schorcht, Frank Meyer
MEDICAL HISTORY AND CLINICAL FINDINGS:  A 43-year old male patient was admitted because of diffuse abdominal discomfort for two days, which had started in the upper abdomen; medical history, no previous surgical interventions at the abdomen. INVESTIGATIONS:  Gastroscopy and abdominal ultrasound revealed only a mild gastritis. Laboratory parameters: showed only a slight leucocytosis (10 610/µL). On the 1st day of the hospital stay, the patient developed a worsening of the abdominal symptoms with distended abdomen, sounding bowel movements and recurrent vomiting, which were interpreted as acute abdomen by the surgeon on call leading to the indication of a surgical intervention...
March 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Myung Han Hyun, Young-Sun Lee, Ji Hoon Kim, Chan Uk Lee, Young Kul Jung, Yeon Seok Seo, Hyung Joon Yim, Jong Eun Yeon, Kwan Soo Byun
According to the American Association for the Study of Liver Disease treatment guidelines for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the role of surgery has been expanded beyond the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) algorithm. We compared primary hepatectomy (PH) with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in patients with intermediate to advanced (BCLC stage-B/C) stage HCC to determine the current evidence. Through database search, we included 18 high-quality studies (1 randomized controlled trial [RCT], 5 propensity-score matching non-randomized comparative trials [NRCT], and 12 NRCTs) that compared survival outcomes of 5,986 patients after PH and TACE...
March 15, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Sang Min Yoon, Baek-Yeol Ryoo, So Jung Lee, Jong Hoon Kim, Ji Hoon Shin, Ji Hyun An, Han Chu Lee, Young-Suk Lim
Importance: Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma showing macroscopic vascular invasion have a poor prognosis. Sorafenib is the sole treatment option for these patients, with unsatisfactory response and survival benefit. Combined treatment with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) plus external beam radiotherapy (RT) has shown promising results for these patients in observational studies. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of TACE plus RT compared with sorafenib for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and macroscopic vascular invasion...
March 15, 2018: JAMA Oncology
Young Hak Roh, Young Do Koh, Jong Oh Kim, Kyu Ho Lee, Hyun Sik Gong, Goo Hyun Baek
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pillar pain (deep-seated wrist pain worsened by leaning on the heel of the hand) sometimes occurs after carpal tunnel release (CTR), leading to weakness in the hand and delayed return to work. Increased pain sensitivity has been found to be associated with worse symptoms and poorer treatment response in a number of chronic musculoskeletal conditions, but few studies have investigated the association of pain sensitization with pillar pain after CTR. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Is preoperative pain sensitization in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) associated with increased severity of pillar pain after open CTR? (2) What other demographic, electrophysiological, or preoperative clinical characteristics are associated with pillar pain after CTR? METHODS: Over a 35-month period, one surgeon performed 162 open carpal tunnel releases...
April 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Yasser Helmy
BACKGROUND: Non-surgical nasal job has been practiced and published with doubtful concerns about efficiency and safety among physicians and aesthetic surgeons. AIM: of the work to share our experiences in non-surgical rhinoplasty using filler, Botox, and thread with presentation of aesthetic and complication outcome. PATIENT AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the aesthetic and complication outcomes and techniques for non-surgical remodeling rhinoplasty using fillers, Botox, and PDO absorbable threads in 332 cases...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Bárbara da Silva, Ryan K Mathew, Euan S Polson, Jennifer Williams, Heiko Wurdak
Organoid methodology provides a platform for the ex vivo investigation of the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying brain development and disease. The high-grade brain tumor glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is considered a cancer of unmet clinical need, in part due to GBM cell infiltration into healthy brain parenchyma, making complete surgical resection improbable. Modeling the process of GBM invasion in real time is challenging as it requires both tumor and neural tissue compartments. Here, we demonstrate that human GBM spheroids possess the ability to spontaneously infiltrate early-stage cerebral organoids (eCOs)...
March 1, 2018: SLAS Discovery
Ramón Medel Jiménez, Juan C Sánchez España, José Visa Nassarre, Eva Ayala Barroso, Alfredo Pueyo Ferrer, Alejandra Tapia Bahamondes, Luz M Vasquez
PURPOSE: To describe our experience and outcomes managing complete third cranial nerve palsy. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of the clinical records of 7 consecutive patients treated at our centre for unilateral third nerve palsy over the period 2010-2016. We describe our surgical approach using a frontalis muscle flap to correct the eyelid ptosis associated with medial fixation of the rectus muscle tendon to the orbit to correct the horizontal deviation...
March 15, 2018: Orbit
Stefanos Farfaras, Ninni Sernert, Lars Rostgard Christensen, Erling K Hallström, Jüri-Toomas Kartus
BACKGROUND: The long-term outcome after the treatment of subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS) with either nonsurgical or surgical methods has not been thoroughly investigated. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose was to evaluate the long-term clinical outcome and the presence of rotator cuff injuries and osteoarthritis (OA) after the surgical and nonsurgical treatment of SAIS. The hypothesis was that, at a minimum 10 years after the initial treatment, patients who had undergone acromioplasty would have a better clinical outcome and run a lower risk of developing rotator cuff ruptures and OA as compared with those treated with physical therapy...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
I A Filatova
By improving the existing surgical technologies for dacryocystitis, one enhances the effectiveness of patient rehabilitation. AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of radio-wave surgery in the treatment of dacryocystitis and lacrimal sac abscesses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The clinical group consisted of 207 patients ranging in age from 7 to 89 years (the mean age of 41±7.3 years). For 39% of patients this was a repeated treatment, while 9.3% had undergone 4-5 surgical interventions...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
V A Shaimova, T B Shaimov, R B Shaimov, A Yu Galin, Zh A Goloshchapova, P K Ryzhkov, A V Fomin
PURPOSE: To develop methods for evaluating effectiveness of YAG-laser vitreolysis of vitreous floaters. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 144 patients (173 eyes) who had underwent YAG-laser vitreolysis and were under observation from 01.09.16 to 31.01.18. The patients were 34 to 86 years old (mean age 62.7±10.2 years), 28 (19.4%) patients were male, 116 (80.6%) - female. All patients underwent standard and additional examination: ultrasonography (Accutome B-scan plus, U...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
L Prana, S Baijoob, B Rampersad
Introduction Intussuception remains one of the most common surgical abdominal emergencies in the paediatric population. The aim of this study was first to re-evaluate our non-operative reduction rate of intussusception using multiple interval barium enemas and second to investigate or discuss an audit cycle, providing evidence and validating the modification of clinical practice. Materials and methods This five-year retrospective study performed at one of two institutions at which a paediatric surgical service is offered...
March 15, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Kelly Aubertin, Vincent Quoc Trinh, Michael Jermyn, Paul Baksic, Andrée-Anne Grosset, Joannie Desroches, Karl St-Arnaud, Mirela Birlea, Maria Claudia Vladoiu, Mathieu Latour, Roula Albadine, Fred Saad, Frédéric Leblond, Dominique Trudel
OBJECTIVE: To test if Raman spectroscopy is an appropriate tool for the diagnosis and possibly the grading of prostate cancer. PATIENTS & METHODS: Between 20 and 50 Raman spectra were acquired on 32 fresh and non-processed post-prostatectomy specimens using a macroscopic hand-held Raman spectroscopy probe. Each measured area was characterized and categorized following histopathological criterions like tissue type (extra-prostatic or prostatic), tissue malignancy (benign or malignant), cancer grade (Grade Groups (GG) 1-5), and tissue glandular level...
March 15, 2018: BJU International
Kazuyuki Komori, Aritoshi Hattori, Takeshi Matsunaga, Kazuya Takamochi, Shiaki Oh, Kenji Suzuki
PURPOSE: We evaluated the feasibility of surgery for pulmonary aspergilloma. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 35 surgical patients with pulmonary aspergilloma. The clinical characteristics and perioperative surgical morbidity were compared based on the operative modes. Preoperative artery embolization (PAE) was selectively performed to reduce the expected surgical stress caused by intraoperative blood loss. RESULTS: The cohort comprised 19 males and 16 females with a mean age of 56 years...
March 14, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Iacopo Vannozzi, Matteo Tesi, Marta Zangheri, Viola Maria Innocenti, Alessandra Rota, Simonetta Citi, Alessandro Poli
Ultrasonography is a valuable tool for the evaluation of neoplastic lesions in the dog and there is a growing interest in the use of this technique for the stadiation of canine mammary tumours. An accurate assessment of small sized nodules facilitates the stadiation of the mammary lesions and helps the clinician in the choice of the most indicated surgical therapy. The aim of this study was to identify those ultrasound criteria that may be useful in discriminating between benign and malignant lesions of small size (diameter smaller than 2 cm)...
March 14, 2018: Veterinary Research Communications
Emanuela Traini, Rocco Bellantone, Serena Elisa Tempera, Salvatore Russo, Carmela De Crea, Celestino Pio Lombardi, Marco Raffaelli
PURPOSE: Indications and advantages of parathyroidectomy in patients with normocalcemic primary hyperparathyroidism (NHPT) are still matter of debate. We aimed to compare clinical presentation and surgical outcome between normocalcemic and hypercalcemic forms in a consecutive series of patients who underwent parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism. METHODS: Data of 731 consecutive patients were reviewed and retrospectively compared according to normocalcemic (group A) and hypercalcemic (group B) phenotypes...
March 14, 2018: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
Mardjono Tjahjadi, Joseph Serrone, Juha Hernesniemi
Background: Basilar apex aneurysms constitute 5-8% of all intracranial aneurysms, and their treatment remains challenging for both microsurgical and endovascular approaches. The perceived drawback of the microsurgical approach is its invasiveness leading to increased surgical morbidity. However, many high-volume centers have shown excellent clinical results with better occlusion rates compared to endovascular treatment. With endovascular therapy taking a larger role in the management of cerebral aneurysms, the future role of microsurgery for basilar apex aneurysm treatment is unclear...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
Nicholas Agyepong, Usha Govinden, Alex Owusu-Ofori, Sabiha Yusuf Essack
Background: Multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria have emerged as major clinical and therapeutic dilemma in hospitals in Ghana.To describe the prevalence and profile of infections attributable to multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria among patients at the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in the Ashanti region of Ghana. Methods: Bacterial cultures were randomly selected from the microbiology laboratory from February to August, 2015. Bacterial identification and minimum inhibitory concentrations were conducted using standard microbiological techniques and the Vitek-2 automated system...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Masoumeh Shohani, Akram Mansouri, Siros Norozi, Naser Parizad, Milad Azami
Background: There is not enough studies to determine the frequency of using the prophylaxis against deep venous thrombosis (DVT) based on the American College of Chest Physician's (ACCP) guidelines in Iran. Thus, providing such statistics is essential to improve thromboprophylaxis in hospital. The present study aimed to determine the frequency of using the prophylaxis against DVT based on ACCP guidelines in patients hospitalized in surgical wards in one of teaching hospital in Ilam, Iran...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Bo Jin, Wenhan Hu, Linmei Ye, Balu Krishnan, Thandar Aung, Stephen E Jones, Imad M Najm, Andreas V Alexopoulos, Kai Zhang, Junming Zhu, Jianguo Zhang, Meiping Ding, Zhong Chen, Shuang Wang, Zhong Irene Wang
Objective: To investigate the neuroimaging and clinical features associated with sleep-related epilepsy (SRE) in patients with focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) type II. Methods: Patients with histopathologically proven FCD type II were included from three epilepsy centers. SRE was defined according to the video EEG findings and seizure history. Cortical surface reconstruction and volume calculation were performed using FreeSurfer. The lesions were manually delineated on T1 volumetric MRI using the ITK-SNAP software...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Sajida Qureshi, Shahriyar Ghazanfar, Mohammad Saeed Quraishy, Roshane Rana
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinically relevant pancreatic fistula rates in patients with stented versus non-stented pancreatico-jejunostomies. METHODS: The randomised comparative clinical trial was conducted at Civil Hospital, Karachi, from September 2009 to August 2015, and comprised patients presenting to the Surgical Unit 4 with a diagnosis of resectable periampullary carcinoma, carcinoma of head of pancreas, duodenal carcinoma involving the second part, and distal cholangiocarcinomas...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"