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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214642/allergic-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-topical-herbal-remedies-importance-of-patch-testing-with-the-patients-own-products
#1
Liesbeth Gilissen, Sara Huygens, An Goossens
BACKGROUND: Natural ingredients have variable compositions, so their allergenic potencies may differ. OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively analyse subjects reacting to herbal remedies over the past 27 years, with the aim of (i) evaluating demographic characteristics and lesion locations, (ii) describing the frequencies of positive patch test reactions, (iii) identifing sensitization sources, and (iv) studying concomitant sensitivity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 15980 patients were patch tested between 1990 and 2016 with the European baseline series and/or other series, product(s) used, and, whenever possible, the respective ingredients...
December 7, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175499/visualization-of-porcine-eye-anatomy-by-x-ray-microtomography
#2
Bartosz Leszczyński, Paulina Sojka-Leszczyńska, Dorota Wojtysiak, Andrzej Wróbel, Roman Pędrys
The aim of our study is to obtain, as accurately as possible, porcine ocular tissue visualization using microtomography (micro-CT) method. We propose image contrast enhancement by different staining procedures with combination of micro-CT scanning. Porcine eye globes were investigated with Bruker-SkyScan 1172 micro-CT. We used 4F1G and Bouin's as sample fixation solutions and tincture of iodine, 100% Lugol, phosphotungstic acid and 1% osmium tetroxide solutions for staining. Quantitative and qualitative analysis was performed based on micro-CT reconstruction images histograms and 3D volume rendering models of investigated samples...
November 22, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151068/crataegus-special-extract-ws-1442-up-to-date-review-of-experimental-and-clinical-experiences
#3
M Zorniak, B Szydlo, T F Krzeminski
Extracts and tinctures made from Crataegus spp. (Hawthorn) have been used as cardioprotective remedies since ancient times. WS 1442 special extract, manufactured by Dr. W. Schwabe Pharmaceuticals©, made from Crataegus spp. Leaves and flowers is one of the most studied and popular of preparations received from Hawthorn. It is integral, and most important active component of such herbal drugs as Crataegutt® novo 450, and CardioMax®. This standardized extract contains 18.75% oligomeric procyanidins (OPC), which have beneficial cardioprotective values and play a role as free-radicals scavengers, that protect the ischemic heart tissue from neutrophile elastase action successions...
August 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119763/-systematic-review-of-safeness-and-therapeutic-efficacy-of-cannabis-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-neuropathic-pain-and-in-oncological-patients-treated-with-chemotherapy
#4
REVIEW
Laura Amato, Silvia Minozzi, Zuzana Mitrova, Elena Parmelli, Rosella Saulle, Fabio Cruciani, Simona Vecchi, Marina Davoli
BACKGROUND: medical cannabis refers to the use of cannabis or cannabinoids as medical therapy to treat disease or alleviate symptoms. In the United States, 23 states and Washington DC (May 2015) have introduced laws to permit the medical use of cannabis. Within the European Union, medicinal cannabis laws and praxis vary wildly between Countries. OBJECTIVES: to provide evidence for benefits and harms of cannabis (including extracts and tinctures) treatment for adults in the following indications: control of spasticity and pain in patients with multiple sclerosis; control of pain in patients with chronic neuropathic pain; control of nausea and vomiting in adults with cancer receiving chemotherapy...
September 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116293/antioxidant-effect-of-morus-nigra-on-chagas-disease-progression
#5
Michelly Cristina Montenote, Vithor Zuccaro Wajsman, Yoichi Takaki Konno, Paulo César Ferreira, Regildo Márcio Gonçalves Silva, Altino Luiz Silva Therezo, Luciana Pereira Silva, Luciamáre Perinetti Alves Martins
Considering the widespread popular use of Morus nigra and the amount of scientific information on its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity, the effectiveness of this phytotherapeutic compound in the parasitemia progression during the acute phase of Chagas disease and its role in the development of the inflammatory process as well as its effects on the oxidative damage in the chronic phase of infection were evaluated. Thus, 96 male Swiss mice were randomly divided into eight groups, four groups were uninfected controls, and four groups were intraperitoneally infected with 5...
November 6, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058303/transmucosal-delivery-of-nicotine-in-combination-with-tincture-of-benzoin-inhibits-apoptosis
#6
Alex Battaglia, Thanh Nguyen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that tincture of benzoin (TOB) facilitates immediate transmucosal nicotine absorption while simultaneously promoting a safe and sustained delivery of the nicotine. METHODS: In combination with TOB, nicotine toxicity and diffusion across human mucosal cells were measured using a 3-D human mucosal tissue model. RESULTS: Nicotine was delivered 2.1 times more quickly in combination with TOB than in combination with saline (p < 0...
December 2017: Drugs in R&D
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043994/terpenic-profile-of-different-rosmarinus-officinalis-extracts
#7
Neli-Kinga Olah, Daniela Benedec, Sonia Socaci, Claudia Crina Toma, Lorena Filip, Claudiu Morgovan, Daniela Hanganu
The Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.), a well-known medicinal and culinary herb, was studied to compare the terpenic profile of different extracts obtained from dry and fresh herb. There were studied the volatile oil extracted by hydro distillation from dry plant, the hydroalcoholic extracts obtained from fresh respectively dry plant and the glycerol macerate obtained from fresh plant, by GC-MS using headspace injection. The separated compounds were identified using a MS spectra library. The quantitative determination was performed by normalization respectively by calibration curve method for 1,8-cineole, alpha-pinene and D-limonene...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963158/antisepsis-of-the-skin-before-spinal-surgery-with-povidone-iodine-alcohol-followed-by-chlorhexidine-gluconate-alcohol-versus-povidone-iodine-alcohol-applied-twice-for-the-prevention-of-contamination-of-the-wound-by-bacteria-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
S Patrick, A McDowell, A Lee, A Frau, U Martin, E Gardner, G McLorinan, N Eames
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine whether the sequential application of povidone iodine-alcohol (PVI) followed by chlorhexidine gluconate-alcohol (CHG) would reduce surgical wound contamination to a greater extent than PVI applied twice in patients undergoing spinal surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A single-centre, interventional, two arm, parallel group randomised controlled trial was undertaken, involving 407 patients who underwent elective spinal surgery...
October 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942136/traditional-wound-healing-plants-used-in-the-balkan-region-southeast-europe
#9
REVIEW
Snežana Jarić, Olga Kostić, Zorana Mataruga, Dragana Pavlović, Marija Pavlović, Miroslava Mitrović, Pavle Pavlović
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The geographical and ecological specificity of the Balkan Peninsula has resulted in the development of a distinct diversity of medicinal plants. In the traditional culture of the Balkan peoples, plants have medicinal, economic and anthropological/cultural importance, which is reflected in the sound knowledge of their diversity and use. This study analyses the traditional use of medicinal plants in the treatment of wounds and the pharmacological characteristics of the most frequently used species...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859955/human-placentophagy-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Alex Farr, Frank A Chervenak, Laurence B McCullough, Rebecca N Baergen, Amos Grünebaum
Placentophagy or placentophagia, the postpartum ingestion of the placenta, is widespread among mammals; however, no contemporary human culture incorporates eating placenta postpartum as part of its traditions. At present, there is an increasing interest in placentophagy among postpartum women, especially in the United States. The placenta can be eaten raw, cooked, roasted, dehydrated, or encapsulated or through smoothies and tinctures. The most frequently used preparation appears to be placenta encapsulation after steaming and dehydration...
August 30, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813557/facial-erosive-pustular-dermatosis-after-cosmetic-resurfacing
#11
Julie E Mervak, Stephanie D Gan, Emily H Smith, Frank Wang
Importance: Erosive pustular dermatosis (EPD) is a rare condition that typically affects actinically damaged skin of the scalp. Characterized by sterile pustules, erosions, and crusts, EPD is difficult to treat and heals slowly. The exact cause of EPD is unknown, although trauma is an inciting factor. Objective: To describe 3 women who presented with prolonged facial erosions after cosmetic resurfacing procedures, specifically fully ablative carbon dioxide laser or medium-depth chemical peel...
October 1, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811222/antitussive-antispasmodic-bronchodilating-and-cardiac-inotropic-effects-of-the-essential-oil-from-blepharocalyx-salicifolius-leaves
#12
Jehison Jiménez Hernández, María Inés Ragone, Patricia Bonazzola, Arnaldo L Bandoni, Alicia E Consolini
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY RELEVANCE: Blepharocalyx salicifolius (Kunth) O. Berg (Myrtaceae) is a tree native to Argentina and Uruguay that grows and is cultivated along the riverside of the Rio de la Plata. The leaves of this plant species, locally known as "anacahuita" are used in South America to prepare infusions for the empiric treatment of cough and bronchospasm, as well as diarrhoea and other intestinal disorders. Although previous phytochemical studies have been performed with the essential oil extracted from Blepharocalyx salicifolius, pharmacological evidence supporting its traditional use is still lacking...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731232/a-comprehensive-review-of-agrimoniin
#13
REVIEW
Daniel M Grochowski, Krystyna Skalicka-Woźniak, Ilkay Erdogan Orhan, Jianbo Xiao, Marcello Locatelli, Jakub P Piwowarski, Sebastian Granica, Michał Tomczyk
Plant tannins are a unique class of polyphenols with relatively high molecular weights. Within the ellagitannins group, agrimoniin--dimeric ellagitannin--is one of the most representative compounds found in many plant materials belonging to the Rosaceae family. Agrimoniin was first isolated in 1982 from roots of Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb. (Rosaceae), a plant traditionally used in Japan and China as an antidiarrheal, hemostatic, and antiparasitic agent. Agrimoniin is a constituent of medicinal plants, which are often applied orally in the form of infusions, decoctions, or tinctures...
August 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717890/application-of-phototherapy-for-the-healing-of-the-navels-of-neonatal-dairy-calves
#14
Ana Lúcia Borges de Souza Faria, Luis Augusto Lupato Conrado, Luiz Sergio Vanzela, Antonio Balbin Villaverde, Egberto Munin
The present work evaluated the effects of LED light irradiation on the healing of the navels of neonatal dairy calves. Fifty-seven neonatal calves were divided into two groups. Animals had their umbilical stumps immersed in 10% iodine tincture for 60 s, and this process was repeated every 24 h for three consecutive days. The 29 animals in the first group did not receive LED therapy. The 28 animals in the second group received LED light irradiation at 640 nm with 300 mW power, 46.8 J/cm(2) energy density, 60 s irradiation time, and 0...
September 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699970/reduction-of-doxorubicin-induced-genotoxicity-by-handroanthus-impetiginosus-in-mouse-bone-marrow-revealed-by-micronucleus-assay
#15
M F G Boriollo, T A Silva, M F Rodrigues-Netto, J J Silva, M B Marques, C T S Dias, J F Höfling, M C C Resck, N M S Oliveira
Handroanthus impetiginosus has long been used in traditional medicine and various studies have determined the presence of bioactive chemical compounds and potential phytotherapeutics. In this study, the genotoxicity of the lyophilized tincture of H. impetiginosus bark (THI) was evaluated in mouse bone marrow using micronucleus assays. The interaction between THI and genotoxic effects induced by the chemotherapeutic agent, doxorubicin (DXR), was also analyzed. Experimental groups were evaluated 24 to 48 h after treatment with N-nitroso-N-ethylurea (NEU; 50 mg/kg), DXR (5 mg/kg), sodium chloride (NaCl; 150 mM), and THI (0...
July 10, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654794/preclinical-evidence-of-the-anxiolytic-and-sedative-like-activities-of-tagetes-erecta-l-reinforces-its-ethnobotanical-approach
#16
Gimena Pérez-Ortega, Guadalupe Esther Angeles-López, Arturo Argueta-Villamar, María Eva González-Trujano
Morelos State is one of the regions of Mexico where several plant species are used in traditional medicine. Species from Tagetes genus (Asteraceae) are reported as useful in infusion to treat stomachache and intestinal diseases, but also as tranquilizers. In this study, medicinal uses of T. erecta including its depressant effect on the central nervous system (CNS) were explored by interviewing healers and merchants of local markets of Morelos State, and by investigation of the phytochemical and pharmacological tranquilizing properties...
September 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603241/-the-treatment-of-wounds-during-world-war-i
#17
Sergio Sabbatani, Sirio Fiorino
The First World War was a huge tragedy for mankind, but, paradoxically, it represented a source of significant progress in a broad series of human activities, including medicine, since it forced physicians to improve their knowledge in the treatment of a large number of wounded soldiers. The use of heavy artillery and machine guns, as well as chemical warfare, caused very serious and life-threatening lesions and wounds. The most frequent causes of death were not mainly related to gunshot wounds, but rather to fractures, tetanus and septic complications of infectious diseases...
June 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553455/tincture-of-benzoin-to-prevent-cast-slippage-in-clubfoot
#18
S Ibrahim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503066/essential-oil-mediated-glycerosomes-increase-transdermal-paeoniflorin-delivery-optimization-characterization-and-evaluation-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#19
Kai Zhang, Yongtai Zhang, Zhe Li, Nana Li, Nianping Feng
In this study, a novel glycerosome carrier containing essential oils was prepared for topical administration of paeoniflorin (PF) to enhance its transdermal drug delivery and improve drug absorption in the synovium. The formulation of glycerosomes was optimized by a uniform design, and the final vehicle was composed of 5% (w/v) phospholipid, 0.6% (w/v) cholesterol, and 10% (v/v) glycerol, with 2% (v/v) Speranskia tuberculata essential oil (STO) as the transdermal enhancer. The in vitro transdermal flux of PF loaded in the STO-glycerosomes was 1...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330725/a-botanical-phytochemical-and-ethnomedicinal-review-of-the-genus-mitragyna-korth-implications-for-products-sold-as-kratom
#20
REVIEW
Paula N Brown, Jensen A Lund, Susan J Murch
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Mitragyna (Rubiacaeae) has been traditionally used in parts of Africa, Asia and Oceania. In recent years, there has been increased interest in species of Mitragyna with the introduction of products to western markets and regulatory uncertainty. AIM OF THE STUDY: This paper reviewed the traditional ethnomedicinal uses of leaves for species belonging to the genus Mitragyna with reference to the botany and known chemistry in order to highlight areas of interest for products currently being sold as kratom...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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