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Alexander N Shikov, Olga N Pozharitskaya, Valery G Makarov
PURPOSE: Aralia elata var. mandshurica (Rupr. & Maxim.) J.Wen syn. A. mandshurica Rupr. & Maxim is evaluated for its medicinal application. The aim of this study is to analyze pharmacological studies on A. elata var. mandshurica published until December 2015. METHODS: The information regarding the chemistry, safety, effectiveness, and pharmacological and clinical effects of A. elata was systematically collected from the scientific literature through library catalogs; online services such as E-library...
November 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Mohammadali Nikoo, Nooshin Nikoo, Sanam Javid, Afshar Amiri, Marc Vogel, Fiona Choi, Amir Ali Sepehry, Amir Hooshang Bagheri Valoojerdi, Kerry Jang, Christian Schütz, Shahin Akhondzadeh, Michael Krausz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recently, there has been a growing interest in using Opium Tincture (OT) for treating opioid dependence in certain regions. We aimed to assess the evidence on its safety and efficacy for this indication. METHODS: We searched several databases (CENTRAL, Medline, EMBASE, Web of Science, PsychINFO, ProQuest Dissertation & Theses Database, Iran Medex,, and with no language or publication date limitations. Two reviewers selected Randomized Controlled Trials (RCT), cohort /case-control/ cross-sectional studies and case-series on safety or efficacy of OT for treating opioid dependence and then extracted reported measures of mentioned outcomes from selected studies...
October 14, 2016: Addiction
Elizabeth Story-Roller, Melvin P Weinstein
Blood cultures (BC) are the standard method for diagnosis of bloodstream infections (BSI). However, the average BC contamination rate (CR) in US hospitals is 2.9%, potentially resulting in unnecessary antibiotic use and excessive therapy costs. Several studies have compared various skin antisepsis agents without a clear consensus as to which agent is most effective in reducing contamination. A prospective, randomized crossover study was performed at Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital (RWJUH) directly comparing blood culture contamination rates using chlorhexidine vs...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Jing Zhang, Kai Han, Chun-Hui Wang, Ping-Jiao Chen, Yan Gao, Qi Wang, Meng-Lei Wang, Shan-Shan Wei, Zheng-Hui Yang, Zhi-Li Hu, Mei Zeng, Kang Zeng
OBJECTIVE: To assess the distribution and systemic toxicity of podophyllotoxin-loaded nanostructured lipid carriers (POD-NLC) after topical application on the cervical mucosa in Tibet minipigs. METHODS: Twelve Tibet mini-pigs were randomized into test group and control group to receive topical application of 0.5% POD-NLC and 0.5% POD tincture, respectively, on the cervical mucosa. Cervical mucosal irritation, targeted distribution and systemic absorption of POD were observed at different time points within 24 h after the drug application...
August 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Maria Ofitserova, Sareeta Nerkar
An HPLC method with postcolumn derivatization was developed and validated for the determination of theanine content in tea dietary ingredients and supplements. A variety of common commercially available supplement forms such as powders, liquid tinctures, tablets, softgels, and gelcaps, as well as three National Institute of Standards and Technology Camellia sinensis Standard Reference Materials were investigated in the study. A simple extraction procedure using citrate buffer at pH 2.2 allowed for the analysis of theanine without additional cleanup or concentration steps, even at low ppm levels...
September 15, 2016: Journal of AOAC International
Ole Kristian Thu, Odd Georg Nilsen, Bent Hellum
CONTEXT: Rhodiola rosea L. (Crassulaceae) products are popular natural remedies with a worldwide distribution. Recent studies have revealed potent CYP inhibition by R. rosea extracts both in vitro and in vivo, but information on in vitro CYP inhibition by commercial products are lacking. Variations in commercial R. rosea product quality have also been published. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the variation of in vitro CYP inhibition potential and product quality of six commercially available R...
August 29, 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
Katrin M Hoffmann, Robin Herbrechter, Paul M Ziemba, Peter Lepke, Leopoldo Beltrán, Hanns Hatt, Markus Werner, Günter Gisselmann
Kampo medicine is a form of Japanese phytotherapy originating from traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). During the last several decades, much attention has been paid to the pharmacological effects of these medical plants and their constituents. However, in many cases, a systematic screening of Kampo remedies to determine pharmacologically relevant targets is still lacking. In this study, a broad screening of Kampo remedies was performed to look for pharmacologically relevant 5-HT3A and GABAA receptor ligands...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Jianjun Liang, Ying Wang, Beicheng Liang
[Purpose] This study investigated the clinical efficacy of the compound gouteng tincture combined with Zhoubo (GT-ZB) in treating the sequelae of cerebral concussion (CC) in children. [Subjects and Methods] Sixty children with CC-sequelae were randomily divided into a treatment group and a control group, with 30 cases in each group. The treatment group was treated using GT-ZB, and the control group was treated using the standard method of venoruton, dibazol, and Vitamin B6. The efficacies of the two treatments were compared...
July 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
O V Tovchiga
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome are the common problems of the modern society. The interest in herbal medicines increases, and often they are used in combination with conventional drugs. Aegopodium podagraria L. (goutweed) is a plant widely used in traditional medicine. Hypoglycemic effect of goutweed aerial part tincture has been previously shown in alloxan-induced diabetic mice and in rats receiving excess of fructose and hydrochlorothiazide. The effects of co-administration of the tincture with widely used antihyperglycemic drugs have not been verified...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Rui Liu, Teresa W Tam, Jingqin Mao, Ammar Salem, John T Arnason, Anthony Krantis, Brian C Foster
BACKGROUND: Goji berry (Lycium barbarum) has been used as traditional Chinese medicine and a functional food in China. Goji tea may interact with drugs such as warfarin by inhibiting the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C9, and this study was undertaken to characterize the effect of Goji products on CYP2C9/19-, CYP2D6 *1/*10-, CYP3A4/5/7-, CYP19-, and flavin-containing monooxygenase (FMO) 3-mediated metabolism. METHODS: Goji juice, water, and ethanol extracts were examined for their effect on CYP2C9/19-, 2D6-, 3A4/5/7-, 4A11-, CYP19-, and FMO3-mediated metabolism by using in vitro bioassay...
June 28, 2016: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Paula N Brown, Elizabeth M Mudge, Lori Paley
A collaborative study was conducted to evaluate an HPLC method for determining phenolic compounds in Echinacea spp. raw materials, powdered extracts, and tinctures. Eleven collaborating laboratories received three practice samples representing each matrix type, phenolic reference standards, eight test samples as blind duplicates, the validated analytical method, and instructions. Test samples included two raw materials, four extracts (including one in combination with astragalus and reishi), one ethanolic tincture in combination with goldenseal, and one glycerite tincture...
September 2016: Journal of AOAC International
Bernhard Deckers, Tido von Schoen-Angerer, Bernd Voggenreiter, Jan Vagedes
Prolonged postoperative ileus is a common but clinically challenging problem that leads to patient discomfort and prolonged hospitalization; the condition is managed through a multimodular program of supportive measures. In anthroposophic nursing, the management of prolonged postoperative ileus involves additional tools, including external abdominal compresses and massages with plant or silver-containing oils and ointments. We describe 3 typical techniques: Oxalis tincture compresses, Thuja/Argentum ointment compresses, and massage with "Wala Melissenöl" (containing Melissa officinalis, Carvum cari, Foeniculum amari, and Origanum majorana)...
July 2016: Holistic Nursing Practice
Domokos Erzsébet, Lászlo Kursinszki, Hajnal Kelemen, Erzétbet Varga
Bathurst burr (Xanthium spinosum L.) is an invasive species that is also known as a medicinal plant. Our goal is to make known the plant and its therapeutic effects in larger scale. The plant has been used in the Romanian folk medicine for urinary problems and various prostate diseases. The most important substances in Xanthii spinosi herba are: flavones and their derivates (quercetin, pendulin, iocein, centaurin and patuletin), polyphenols (caffeic- and chlorogenic acid and their derivates), sesquiterpene lactones (xanthinin, xanthatin-xanthanol-xanthumin derivates), diterpenes (atractyloside and derivates) and phytosterols (sitosterol, stigmasterol)...
2016: Acta Pharmaceutica Hungarica
Vincent Varlet, Nicolas Concha-Lozano, Aurélie Berthet, Grégory Plateel, Bernard Favrat, Mariangela De Cesare, Estelle Lauer, Marc Augsburger, Aurélien Thomas, Christian Giroud
Therapeutic cannabis administration is increasingly used in Western countries due to its positive role in several pathologies. Dronabinol or tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) pills, ethanolic cannabis tinctures, oromucosal sprays or table vaporizing devices are available but other cannabinoids forms can be used. Inspired by the illegal practice of dabbing of butane hashish oil (BHO), cannabinoids from cannabis were extracted with butane gas, and the resulting concentrate (BHO) was atomized with specific vaporizing devices...
2016: Scientific Reports
Wenjie Liu, Yuchen Duan, Wenyao Cui, Li Li, Xia Wang, Heling Dai, Chao You, Maojun Chen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of several antiseptics in decreasing the blood culture contamination rate. DESIGN: Network meta-analysis. DATA SOURCE: Electronic searches of PubMed and Embase were conducted up to November 2015. Only randomized controlled trials or quasi-randomized controlled trials were eligible. We applied no language restriction. A comprehensive review of articles in the reference lists was also accomplished for possible relevant studies...
July 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Chiara Martini, Eva Zanchetta, Mauro Di Ruvo, Alessandro Nalesso, Marialberta Battocchio, Erica Gentilin, Ettore Degli Uberti, Roberto Vettor, Maria Chiara Zatelli
BACKGROUND: Information regarding the safety of herbal drugs is often not reported. We describe the case of a 65-year-old woman referred to us for a iatrogenic hypercortisolism, who denied any previous steroid consumption. She reported only a chronic application of a phytocosmetic cream, containing ethanol extract of the Cardiospermum halicacabum (CH) plant. Adrenal insufficiency occurred after the cream application was stopped. CH is used in traditional and Western medicine for its documented anti-inflammatory properties...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Carolina Carvalho Bortoletto, Fernanda Cordeiro da Silva, Monica da Consolação Canuto Salgueiro, Lara Jansiski Motta, Lucia Maria Curiki, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita-Ferarri, Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes, Sandra Kalil Bussadori
[Purpose] Bruxism is a repetitive muscle activity involving the clenching or grinding of one's teeth during sleep or waking hours. Melissa officinalis L. may be employed as a natural therapy due to the sedative, anxiolytic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-spasm properties of the chemical constituents of the essential oil obtained from its leaves. The aim of the present study was to evaluate electromyographic signals in the temporal muscle using the BiteStrip(®) test on children with sleep bruxism before and after therapy with Melissa officinalis L...
March 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Subhranil Saha, Munmun Koley, Sangita Saha, Rakesh Singh, Md Monowar Hossain, Indrani Pramanik
The authors aimed to document prescriptions and clinical outcomes in routine homeopathic practice to short list promising areas of targeted research and efficacy trials of homeopathy in obstetrics and gynecology (O&G). Three homeopathic physicians participated in methodical data collection over a 3-month period in the O&G outpatient setting of The Calcutta Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital, West Bengal, India. A specifically designed Excel spreadsheet was used to record data on consecutive appointments, including date, patient identity, socioeconomic status, place of abode, religion, medical condition/complaint, whether chronic/acute, new/follow-up case, patient-assessed outcome (7-point Likert scale: -3 to +3), prescribed homeopathic medication, and whether other medication/s was being taken for the condition...
April 2016: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Milkica Crevar-Sakac, Zorica Vujić, Jelena Kotur-Stevuljević, Jasmina Ivanisević, Zorana Jelić-Ivanović, Marina Milenković, Milica Markelić, Zoran Vujcić
UNLABELLED: BACKGROUNG/AIM: Since combining conventional drugs with herbal medicinal products is in current research focus and possible of great interest as therapy improvement way, the aim of this study was to determine the effects of well-established antiatherosclerotic drug atorvastatin (CAS number 134523-00-5) and commercially available artichoke leaf tincture (ALTINC), used as combined therapy, as well as to compare effects of these two treatments separately. METHODS: Experimental animals were divided into five groups: the group I (the control group of rats fed with standard diet during 11 weeks), and the remaining 4 groups of rats (II, III, IV and V) fed with standard diet during the first week and then with hypercholesterolemic diet during the next 10 weeks...
February 2016: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
Perica Bošković, Vesna Sokol, Didier Touraud, Ante Prkić, Josipa Giljanović
As it was shown recently that nanostructures can exist in water-ethanol-citronellol tinctures, a deeper investigation of these media was performed using conductivity, UV-Vis and FT-IR spectroscopy techniques. Different regimes of conductivity, depending on the water content, an increase of the polarity of the polar pseudo-phase with increasing water content, and even the presence of free water molecules at higher water content are observed, just as in classical surfactant-based microemulsions. The percolation model, generally used to fit conductivity data in surfactant based microemulsion having a weak interfacial film, can be used to fit our conductivity data below a critical water content Φ(p)(w) with a critical exponent typical of dynamic percolation...
2016: Acta Chimica Slovenica
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