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Workplace based assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919569/the-relation-between-radon-in-schools-and-in-dwellings-a-case-study-in-a-rural-region-of-southern-serbia
#1
Z S Žunić, P Bossew, F Bochicchio, N Veselinovic, C Carpentieri, G Venoso, S Antignani, R Simovic, Z Ćurguz, V Udovicic, Z Stojanovska, T Tollefsen
Recognized as a significant health hazard, radon (Rn) has been given increasing attention for years. Surveys of different kinds have been performed in many countries to assess the intensity and the geographical extent of possible Rn problems. Common surveys cover mainly dwellings, the indoor place with highest occupancy, and schools, where people spend a large fraction of their lifetime and which can also be considered exemplary for Rn exposure at workplaces; it has however been observed that relating them is difficult...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918686/utility-of-surveillance-research-to-inform-physical-activity-policy-an-exemplar-from-canada
#2
Cora L Craig, Christine A Cameron, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: There are several well-known risk factor monitoring systems, but few examples of comprehensive surveillance systems designed specifically to inform physical activity (PA) policy. This paper examines the utility of Canada`s Physical Activity and Sport Monitoring System in guiding policy and practice. METHODS: Indicators were determined in conjunction with government, non-governmental associations and academics. Serial measures were collected from representative population (telephone interviews, n=4,000-11,000) and setting-based (postal surveys, n=1,425-4,304) surveys...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909156/radiation-safety-culture-in-the-uk-medical-sector-a-top-to-bottom-strategy
#3
Claire-Louise Chapple, Andy Bradley, Maria Murray, Phil Orr, Jill Reay, Peter Riley, Andy Rogers, Navneet Sandhu, Jim Thurston
UK professional bodies have established a number of sectorial working parties to provide guidance on the improvement of radiation safety (RS) culture in the workplace. The medical sector provides unique challenges in this regard, and the remit of the medical group was to review the current state of RS culture and to develop a framework for improvement. The review of current RS culture was based on measurable indicators, including data from regulatory inspections, personal monitoring data and incident data. An online survey to capture the RS-related views and experience of hospital staff at all levels was carried out, and the responses provided a wealth of information on RS awareness and implementation across the country...
December 1, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906909/asthma-among-employed-adults-by-industry-and-occupation-21-states-2013
#4
Katelynn E Dodd, Jacek M Mazurek
Workers in various industries and occupations are at risk for work-related asthma* (1). Data from the 2006-2007 adult Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) Asthma Call-back Survey (ACBS), an in-depth asthma survey conducted with respondents who report an asthma diagnosis, from 33 states indicated that up to 48% of adult current asthma might be related to work and could therefore potentially be prevented (2). Identification of the industries and occupations with increased prevalence of asthma might inform work-related asthma intervention and prevention efforts...
December 2, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905932/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-instrument-clinical-learning-environment-and-supervision-for-medical-students-in-primary-health-care
#5
Eva Öhman, Hassan Alinaghizadeh, Päivi Kaila, Håkan Hult, Gunnar H Nilsson, Helena Salminen
BACKGROUND: Clinical learning takes place in complex socio-cultural environments that are workplaces for the staff and learning places for the students. In the clinical context, the students learn by active participation and in interaction with the rest of the community at the workplace. Clinical learning occurs outside the university, therefore is it important for both the university and the student that the student is given opportunities to evaluate the clinical placements with an instrument that allows evaluation from many perspectives...
December 1, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898310/potential-human-exposure-to-halogenated-flame-retardants-in-elevated-surface-dust-and-floor-dust-in-an-academic-environment
#6
Jaime M Allgood, Tamara Jimah, Carolyn M McClaskey, Mark J La Guardia, Stephanie C Hammel, Maryam M Zeineddine, Ian W Tang, Miryha G Runnerstrom, Oladele A Ogunseitan
Most households and workplaces all over the world possess furnishings and electronics, all of which contain potentially toxic flame retardant chemicals to prevent fire hazards. Indoor dust is a recognized repository of these types of chemicals including polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and non-polybrominated diphenyl ethers (non-PBDEs). However, no previous U.S. studies have differentiated concentrations from elevated surface dust (ESD) and floor dust (FD) within and across microenvironments. We address this information gap by measuring twenty-two flame-retardant chemicals in dust on elevated surfaces (ESD; n=10) and floors (FD; n=10) from rooms on a California campus that contain various concentrations of electronic products...
November 26, 2016: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894688/dna-and-chromosomal-damage-in-medical-workers-exposed-to-anaesthetic-gases-assessed-by-the-lymphocyte-cytokinesis-block-micronucleus-cbmn-assay-a-critical-review
#7
REVIEW
Pavel Vodicka, Ludovit Musak, Giovanni Fiorito, Veronika Vymetalkova, Ludmila Vodickova, Alessio Naccarati
The lymphocyte cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) assay has been applied in hundreds of in vivo biomonitoring studies of humans exposed either environmentally or occupationally to genotoxic chemicals. However, there is an emerging need to re-evaluate the use of MN and other biomarkers within the lymphocyte CBMN cytome assay as quantitative indicators of exposure to main classes of chemical genotoxins. The main aim of the present report is to systematically review published studies investigating the use of the lymphocyte CBMN assay to determine DNA damage in subjects exposed to anaesthetic gases...
October 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894206/occupational-exposure-limits-for-manufactured-nanomaterials-a-systematic-review
#8
Raluca Mihalache, Jos Verbeek, Halshka Graczyk, Vladimir Murashov, Pieter van Broekhuizen
BACKGROUND: The toxicological properties of manufactured nanomaterials (MNMs) can be different from their bulk-material and uncertainty remains about the adverse health effects they may have on humans. Proposals for OELs have been put forward which can be useful for risk management and workers' protection. We performed a systematic review of proposals for OELs for MNMs to better understand the extent of such proposals, as well as their derivation methods. METHODS: We searched PubMed and Embase with an extensive search string and also assessed the references in the included studies...
November 29, 2016: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893448/in-field-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-ageing-and-fading-effects-on-annual-radon-concentration-measurements-for-two-different-techniques
#9
G Venoso, M Ampollini, S Antignani, C Carpentieri, F Bochicchio
Measurements covering a 1 year period are often used and required by legislation to assess the average radon concentration within a house or a workplace. This kind of long-term measurement-generally carried out with techniques based on nuclear track detectors-can be affected by a reduction in sensitivity due to ageing and fading of latent tracks during the exposure period, thus resulting in an underestimation of the actual average concentration. In order to evaluate in field conditions the ageing and fading effects on annual radon concentration measurements, two different studies in a large sample of rooms in dwellings (162) and in workplaces (432) were conducted using two different techniques (detector and track read-out system): (i) CR-39 plastics readout with a fully automated image analysis system, and (ii) LR 115 films with a spark-counter for track counting...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892658/occupational-syncarcinogenesis-in-the-skin-combined-effects-of-two-carcinogens-from-the-german-occupational-disease-list
#10
Heinrich Dickel, Otto Blome, Beate Dickel, Thomas Bruckner, Eggert Stockfleth, Silas Paras Soemantri
BACKGROUND: Though scientifically undisputed, cutaneous syncarcinogenesis is not reflected in German occupational disease (OD) regulations, which tend to be guided by the tenet of monocausality. Recognition of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) and its precursor lesions as OD requires individual assessment as to whether the requirements pursuant to either OD 5103 (occupational exposure to natural UV radiation) or OD 5102 (occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) are fulfilled...
November 28, 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888178/perceived-causes-of-differential-attainment-in-uk-postgraduate-medical-training-a-national-qualitative-study
#11
Katherine Woolf, Antonia Rich, Rowena Viney, Sarah Needleman, Ann Griffin
OBJECTIVES: Explore trainee doctors' experiences of postgraduate training and perceptions of fairness in relation to ethnicity and country of primary medical qualification. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured focus group and interview study. SETTING: Postgraduate training in England (London, Yorkshire and Humber, Kent Surrey and Sussex) and Wales. PARTICIPANTS: 137 participants (96 trainees, 41 trainers) were purposively sampled from a framework comprising: doctors from all stages of training in general practice, medicine, obstetrics and gynaecology, psychiatry, radiology, surgery or foundation, in 4 geographical areas, from white and black and minority ethnic (BME) backgrounds, who qualified in the UK and abroad...
November 25, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885319/work-related-psychosocial-factors-and-mental-health-problems-associated-with-musculoskeletal-pain-in-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Tiina Freimann, Mati Pääsuke, Eda Merisalu
Background. Musculoskeletal pain is the most common cause of incapacity among nurses. This study aimed to report the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among hospital nurses and to explore the associations of work-related psychosocial factors and mental health problems with musculoskeletal pain. Methods. A cross-sectional survey was carried out among registered nurses at Tartu University Hospital during April and May 2011. Binary logistic regression was used to assess the associations between dependent and independent variables...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883929/happy-to-help-happy-to-be-here-identifying-components-of-successful-clinical-placements-for-undergraduate-nursing-students
#13
Kerrie Doyle, Kathryn Sainsbury, Sonja Cleary, Lauren Parkinson, Dein Vindigni, Ian McGrath, Mary Cruickshank
INTRODUCTION: The clinical placement learning environment is a critical component of nursing education where Australian nursing students spend a minimum of 800h. Identifying components of successful clinical placements for undergraduate nursing students is therefore paramount. PURPOSE: To assess nursing students' views of the learning environment during clinical placement with an emphasis on the pedagogical atmosphere, leadership style of the ward manager, and premises of nursing on the unit or ward...
November 17, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882593/can-colleagues-patients-and-supervisors-assessments-predict-successful-completion-of-postgraduate-medical-training
#14
Sathya Naidoo, Safiatu Lopes, Fiona Patterson, Helen M Mead, Sheona MacLeod
BACKGROUND: Workplace-based assessments (WPBAs) are widely used in postgraduate training programmes internationally. WPBAs can function as both an assessment and an educational tool. Although some WPBAs are a mandatory requirement of approved curricula (as in the UK), little previous research has explored the extent to which such assessments are associated with adverse outcomes in postgraduate training. The present study examines whether the assessment element of Multisource Feedback, Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire and Educational Supervisors Review ratings can indicate if a trainee is likely to experience difficulty in successfully completing their planned training programme (i...
November 23, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881620/catching-fakes-new-markers-of-urine-sample-validity-and-invalidity
#15
Melissa M Goggin, Cheng-Min Tann, Anna Miller, An Nguyen, Gregory C Janis
Urine drug testing is common for workplace drug testing, prescription management, emergency medicine and the criminal justice system. Unsurprisingly, with the significant consequences based upon the results of urine drug testing, a donor in need of concealing the contents of their sample is highly motivated to cheat the process. Procedures and safeguards ensuring sample validity are well known, and include measuring sample temperature at the time of collection, and laboratory measurements of creatinine, specific gravity and pH...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879140/-fluorescence-angiography-in-the-detection-of-anastomotic-perfusion-during-rectal-and-sigmoid-resection-preliminary-report
#16
M Škrovina, V Benčurik, E Holášková, J Bartoš, K Klos, M Macháčková, P Anděl
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to evaluate the results of fluorescence angiography for assessing anastomotic perfusion after resection of the sigmoid colon and rectum since its introduction into clinical practice at the authors´ workplace and to evaluate the incidence of necessary resection line repositioning based on the quality of perfusion, and also to record any complications in anastomotic healing. METHOD: Retrospective unicentric analysis of prospectively collected data from patients with resection of the sigmoid colon and rectum with primary anastomosis...
2016: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873406/watch-scrubs-a-video-observational-study-of-workplace-based-learning-at-sacred-heart-hospital
#17
Eliot L Rees, Yashashwi Sinha, Benjamin Davies, Patrick J Quinn
CONTEXT: Workplace-based learning remains the cornerstone of clinical training. Teaching in the clinical environment promotes active engagement as trainees are required to combine their competencies (e.g. skills in history taking, examination and clinical reasoning) to determine an appropriate course of action. High-quality clinical teaching supports and scaffolds trainees' learning in clinical workplaces. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the quality of clinical teaching at a large teaching hospital...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870718/self-reported-preparedness-to-respond-to-mass-fatality-incidents-in-38-state-health-departments
#18
Jacqueline Merrill, Qi Zhi, Robyn R Gershon
CONTEXT: Public health departments play an important role in the preparation and response to mass fatality incidents (MFIs). OBJECTIVE: To describe MFI response capabilities of US state health departments. DESIGN: The data are part of a multisector cross-sectional study aimed at 5 sectors that comprise the US mass fatality infrastructure. Data were collected over a 6-week period via a self-administered, anonymous Web-based survey. SETTING: In 2014, a link to the survey was distributed via e-mail to health departments in 50 states and the District of Columbia...
January 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866595/modifiable-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-10-year-health-outcomes-from-a-health-promotion-program
#19
Daniel W Byrne, Lori A Rolando, Muktar H Aliyu, Paula W McGown, Lisa R Connor, Bradley M Awalt, Marilyn C Holmes, Li Wang, Mary I Yarbrough
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have examined the impact of healthy lifestyle choices on health-related outcomes; however, given their fragmented, often cross-sectional nature, assessing the relative impact of daily modifiable behaviors on overall long-term outcomes, particularly for a diverse working adult population, remains challenging. METHODS: Relationships between ten self-reported healthy lifestyle behaviors and health outcomes during the subsequent 9 years in a cohort of 10,248 participants enrolled during 2003 in a voluntary workplace wellness program were assessed...
December 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866594/influenza-vaccination-of-healthcare-personnel-by-work-setting-and-occupation-u-s-2014
#20
Peng-Jun Lu, Alissa C O'Halloran, Helen Ding, Walter W Williams, Carla L Black
INTRODUCTION: Routine influenza vaccination of healthcare personnel (HCP) can reduce influenza-related illness and its potentially serious consequences among HCP and their patients. Influenza vaccination has been routinely recommended for HCP since 1984. METHODS: Data from the 2013 and 2014 National Health Interview Survey were analyzed in 2015. Kaplan-Meier survival estimated the cumulative proportion of HCP reporting 2013-2014 season influenza vaccination. Vaccination coverage by work setting and occupation were assessed...
December 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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