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Workplace based assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244044/examining-the-factor-structure-and-reliability-of-the-safe-patient-handling-perception-scale-an-initial-validation-study
#1
Regina White-Heisel, James P Canfield, Sadie Young-Hughes
PURPOSE: Perceiving imminent safe patient handling and movement (SPH&M) dangers may reduce musculoskeletal (MSK) injuries for nurses in the workplace. The purpose of this study is to develop and validate the 17-item Safe Patient Handling Perception Scale (SPHPS) as an evaluation instrument assessing perceptual risk of MSK injury based on SPH&M knowledge, practice, and resource accessibility in the workplace. METHODS: Data were collected from a convenience sample (N = 117) of nursing employees at a Veteran Affairs Medical Center...
May 2017: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241415/biomechanically-determined-hand-force-limits-protecting-the-low-back-during-occupational-pushing-and-pulling-tasks
#2
Eric B Weston, Alexander Aurand, Jonathan S Dufour, Gregory G Knapik, William S Marras
Though biomechanically-determined guidelines exist for lifting, existing recommendations for pushing and pulling were developed using a psychophysical approach. The current study aimed to establish objective hand force limits based on the results of a biomechanical assessment of the forces on the lumbar spine during occupational pushing and pulling activities. Sixty-two subjects performed pushing and pulling tasks in a laboratory setting. An electromyography-assisted biomechanical model estimated spinal loads, while hand force and turning torque were measured via hand transducers...
December 15, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240554/effects-of-a-tobacco-free-work-site-policy-on-employee-tobacco-attitudes-and-behaviors-travis-county-texas-2010-2012
#3
Sarah E Seidel, Kristi Metzger, Andrea Guerra, Jessie Patton-Levine, Sandeepkumar Singh, William T Wilson, Philip Huang
BACKGROUND: The adoption of tobacco-free policies in behavioral health settings is an important step in reducing staff tobacco use as well as the high rates of tobacco use among people with mental illness and behavioral disorders. Studies have demonstrated the importance of staff support when implementing tobacco-free workplace policies, but there is limited research examining tobacco use prevalence among staff and staff attitude before and after policy adoption. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: Integral Care, a local authority for behavioral health and developmental disabilities in Austin, Texas, and Austin Public Health embarked on a comprehensive planning process before implementing a 100% tobacco-free campus policy...
December 14, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226225/the-use-of-a-portfolio-in-postgraduate-medical-education-reflect-assess-and-account-one-for-each-or-all-in-one
#4
Sylvia Heeneman, Erik W Driessen
Competency-based education has become central to the training and assessment of post-graduate medical trainees or residents [1]. In competency-based education, there is a strong focus on outcomes and professional performance. Typically, holistic tasks are used to train, practice and assess the defined outcomes or competencies. In residency training, these tasks are part of the day-to-day clinical practice. The performance of residents in the workplace needs to be captured and stored. A portfolio has been used as an instrument for storage and collection of workplace-based assessment and feedback in various countries, like the Netherlands and the United States...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223967/questionnaire-based-algorithm-for-assessing-occupational-noise-exposure-of-construction-workers
#5
Kate Lewkowski, Kahlia McCausland, Jane S Heyworth, Ian W Li, Warwick Williams, Lin Fritschi
OBJECTIVES: Occupational noise exposure is a major cause of hearing loss worldwide. In order to inform preventative strategies, we need to further understand at a population level which workers are most at risk. METHODS: We have developed a new questionnaire-based algorithm that evaluates an individual worker's noise exposure. The questionnaire and supporting algorithms are embedded into the existing software platform, OccIDEAS. Based on the tasks performed by a worker during their most recent working shift and using a library of task-based noise exposure levels, OccIDEAS estimates whether a worker has exceeded the full-shift workplace noise exposure limit (LAeq,8h≥85 dBA)...
December 9, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220709/self-reported-influenza-vaccination-rates-and-attitudes-towards-vaccination-among-health-care-workers-results-of-a-survey-in-a-german-university-hospital
#6
M H Hagemeister, N K Stock, T Ludwig, P Heuschmann, U Vogel
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this survey was to analyse vaccination rates and attitudes towards vaccination among health care workers (HCWs). The period prevalence of self-reported acute respiratory infections in the influenza season 2014/2015 was examined. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted among HCWs of a German university hospital using an anonymised questionnaire. Recruitment was performed by providing all medical and nursing staff a paper questionnaire with an invitation to participate...
December 5, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216849/economic-evaluations-of-ergonomic-interventions-preventing-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review-of-organizational-level-interventions
#7
Hélène Sultan-Taïeb, Annick Parent-Lamarche, Aurélie Gaillard, Susan Stock, Nektaria Nicolakakis, Quan Nha Hong, Michel Vezina, Youssouph Coulibaly, Nicole Vézina, Diane Berthelette
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) represent a major public health problem and economic burden to employers, workers and health insurance systems. This systematic review had two objectives: (1) to analyze the cost-benefit results of organizational-level ergonomic workplace-based interventions aimed at preventing WMSD, (2) to explore factors related to the implementation process of these interventions (obstacles and facilitating factors) in order to identify whether economic results may be due to a successful or unsuccessful implementation...
December 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213012/guidelines-for-personal-exposure-monitoring-of-chemicals-part-iii
#8
Haruo Hashimoto, Kenichi Yamada, Hajime Hori, Shinji Kumagai, Masaru Murata, Toshio Nagoya, Hirohiko Nakahara, Nobuyuki Mochida
This Document, "Guidelines for personal exposure monitoring of chemicals" ("this Guideline"), has been prepared by "The Committee for Personal Exposure Monitoring" ("the Committee") of the Expert Division of Occupational Hygiene & Ergonomics, Japan Society for Occupational Health. Considering the background of the growing importance of personal exposure monitoring in risk assessment and the need to prepare for the introduction of monitoring using personal samplers from an administrative perspective in recent years, the Committee was organized in November 2012...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212643/designing-a-resilience-program-for-critical-care-nurses
#9
Meredith Mealer, Rachel Hodapp, David Conrad, Sona Dimidjian, Barbara O Rothbaum, Marc Moss
BACKGROUND: Workplace stress can affect job satisfaction, increase staff turnover and hospital costs, and reduce quality of patient care. Highly resilient nurses adapt to stress and use a variety of skills to cope effectively. OBJECTIVE: To gain data on a mindfulness-based cognitive therapy resilience intervention for intensive care unit nurses to see if the intervention program would be feasible and acceptable. METHODS: Focus-group interviews were conducted by videoconference with critical care nurses who were members of the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses...
2017: AACN Advanced Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200133/toluene-diisocyanate-exposure-exposure-assessment-and-development-of-cross-facility-similar-exposure-groups-among-toluene-diisocyanate-production-plants
#10
Paul J Middendorf, William Miller, Tim Feeley, Brent Doney
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to characterize workplace toluene diisocyanate (TDI) exposures using standardized industrial hygiene exposure assessment procedures for use in a prospective epidemiologic study of occupational asthma. METHODS: Over 2300 representative routine full shift time-weighted average (TWA) and short-term high potential exposure tasks (HPETs) air samples in groups across three TDI plants were collected over a nearly 7-year period...
December 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195781/effect-of-hand-hygiene-on-infectious-diseases-in-the-office-workplace-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Paul N Zivich, Abigail S Gancz, Allison E Aiello
BACKGROUND: Extensive data suggests that hand hygiene is a critical intervention for reducing infectious disease transmission in the clinical setting. However, it is unclear whether hand hygiene is effective at cutting down on infectious illnesses in non-clinical workplaces. The aim of this review is to assess the current literature concerning the effects of hand-washing interventions on infectious disease prevention among employees in nonclinical, office-based workplaces. METHODS: In compiling this review, PubMed, Scopus, and Business Source Premier were examined for studies published from 1960 through 2016...
November 28, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189053/person-centred-communication-for-emotional-support-in-district-nursing-sage-and-thyme-model
#12
Jane Griffiths
Patients on district nursing caseloads have multiple physical morbidities, and related emotional concerns. District nurses are ideally placed to assess and meet patients' emotional needs but in increasingly stretched workplaces, it is difficult to find time. There is also evidence that district nurses sometimes believe they lack skills to address patients' concerns. Traditional communication skills training is useful for encouraging patients to open up about their concerns, but less helpful at finding workable solutions...
December 2, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172761/a-longitudinal-interprofessional-simulation-curriculum-for-critical-care-teams-exploring-successes-and-challenges
#13
Laurie W Leclair, Mary Dawson, Alison Howe, Sue Hale, Eric Zelman, Ryan Clouser, Garth Garrison, Gilman Allen
Interprofessional care teams are the backbone of intensive care units (ICUs) where severity of illness is high and care requires varied skills and experience. Despite this care model, longitudinal educational programmes for such workplace teams rarely include all professions. In this article, we report findings on the initial assessment and evaluation of an ongoing, longitudinal simulation-based curriculum for interprofessional workplace critical care teams. The study had two independent components, quantitative learner assessment and qualitative curricular evaluation...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166319/cardiometabolic-impact-of-changing-sitting-standing-and-stepping-in-the-workplace
#14
Elisabeth Ah Winkler, Sebastien Chastin, Elizabeth G Eakin, Neville Owen, Anthony D LaMontagne, Marj Moodie, Paddy C Dempsey, Bronwyn A Kingwell, David W Dunstan, Genevieve N Healy
BACKGROUND: According to cross-sectional and acute experimental evidence, reducing sitting time should improve cardio-metabolic health risk biomarkers. Furthermore, the improvements obtained may depend on whether sitting is replaced with standing or ambulatory activities. Based on data from the Stand Up Victoria multi-component workplace intervention, we examined this issue using compositional data analysis - a method that can examine and compare all activity changes simultaneously. METHODS: Participants receiving the intervention (n=136 ≥0...
November 21, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157239/does-faculty-development-influence-the-quality-of-in-training-evaluation-reports-in-pharmacy
#15
Kerry Wilbur
BACKGROUND: In-training evaluation reports (ITERs) of student workplace-based learning are completed by clinical supervisors across various health disciplines. However, outside of medicine, the quality of submitted workplace-based assessments is largely uninvestigated. This study assessed the quality of ITERs in pharmacy and whether clinical supervisors could be trained to complete higher quality reports. METHODS: A random sample of ITERs submitted in a pharmacy program during 2013-2014 was evaluated...
November 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157155/work-environment-and-occupational-risk-assessment-for-small-animal-portuguese-veterinary-activities
#16
Angela C Macedo, Vânia T Mota, João M Tavares, Osvaldo L Machado, Francisco X Malcata, Marinela P Cristo, Olga N Mayan
The professional work of small animal veterinary staff encompasses a wide diversity of demanding tasks. This has prompted a number of studies covering physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic or psychological hazards, as well as their health effects upon veterinary workers. However, such results were obtained from self-reported surveys (via paper or online). This study reports the identification of potential hazards and provides a risk assessment of 15 veterinary clinics based on data from walk-through surveys, interviews with workers, and quantification of indoor air quality parameters including concentration of volatile organic compounds (total, isoflurane and glutaraldehyde)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149129/oncology-nurse-generalist-competencies-oncology-nursing-society-s-initiative-to-establish-best-practice
#17
Michele E Gaguski, Kim George, Susan D Bruce, Edie Brucker, Carol Leija, Kristine LeFebvre, Heather Mackey
BACKGROUND: A project team was formulated to create evidence-based oncology nurse generalist competencies (ONGCs) to establish best practices in competency development, including high-risk tasks, critical thinking criteria, and measurement of key areas for oncology nurses.
. OBJECTIVES: This article aims to describe the process and the development of ONGCs. 
. METHODS: This article explains how the ONGCs were accomplished, and includes outcomes and suggestions for use in clinical practice...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148566/factors-that-influence-the-provision-of-intrapartum-and-postnatal-care-by-skilled-birth-attendants-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#18
REVIEW
Susan Munabi-Babigumira, Claire Glenton, Simon Lewin, Atle Fretheim, Harriet Nabudere
BACKGROUND: In many low- and middle-income countries women are encouraged to give birth in clinics and hospitals so that they can receive care from skilled birth attendants. A skilled birth attendant (SBA) is a health worker such as a midwife, doctor, or nurse who is trained to manage normal pregnancy and childbirth. (S)he is also trained to identify, manage, and refer any health problems that arise for mother and baby. The skills, attitudes and behaviour of SBAs, and the extent to which they work in an enabling working environment, impact on the quality of care provided...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137570/description-and-evaluation-of-a-peracetic-acid-air-sampling-and-analysis-method
#19
John Nordling, Owen R Kinsky, Magdalena Osorio, Nathan Pechacek
Peracetic acid (PAA) is a corrosive chemical with a pungent odor, which is extensively used in occupational settings and causes various health hazards in exposed workers. Currently, there is no US government agency recommended method that could be applied universally for the sampling and analysis of PAA. Legacy methods for determining airborne PAA vapor levels frequently suffered from cross-reactivity with other chemicals, particularly hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Therefore, to remove the confounding factor of cross-reactivity, a new viable, sensitive method was developed for assessment of PAA exposure levels, based on the differential reaction kinetics of PAA with methyl p-tolylsulfide (MTS), relative to H2O2, to preferentially derive methyl p-tolysulfoxide (MTSO)...
January 1, 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136417/occupational-exposure-to-inhalable-manganese-at-german-workplaces
#20
Benjamin Kendzia, Rainer Van Gelder, Tobias Schwank, Cornelia Hagemann, Wolfgang Zschiesche, Thomas Behrens, Tobias Weiss, Thomas Brüning, Beate Pesch
Due to mounting evidence of neurotoxic effects of manganese (Mn) already at low concentrations, occupational exposure limits (OELs) have been adopted. We analyzed 5771 personal measurements of inhalable manganese (Mn) together with information on sampling conditions and job tasks from the German exposure database Messdaten zur Exposition gegenüber Gefahrstoffen am Arbeitsplatz (MEGA) to assess exposure levels in welders and other occupations between 1989 and 2015. Geometric means (GMs) of exposure to Mn were estimated for various occupational settings adjusted for 2-h sampling duration and analytical method, centered at 2009...
November 10, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
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