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Workplace based assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515945/exposure-to-occupational-hazards-for-pregnancy-and-sick-leave-in-pregnant-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Jean-Bernard Henrotin, Monique Vaissière, Maryline Etaix, Mathieu Dziurla, Stéphane Malard, Dominique Lafon
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the association between exposure to occupational hazards for pregnancy and sick leave (SL) in pregnant workers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in French occupational health services in 2014. Occupational hazards for pregnancy were assessed by occupational health physicians (OHPs). After delivery and at the time of returning to work, 1,495 eligible workers were interviewed by OHPs. Information on SL was self-reported...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511642/impact-of-a-workplace-sit-less-move-more-program-on-efficiency-related-outcomes-of-office-employees
#2
Anna Puig-Ribera, Judit Bort-Roig, Maria Giné-Garriga, Angel M González-Suárez, Iván Martínez-Lemos, Jesús Fortuño, Joan C Martori, Laura Muñoz-Ortiz, Raimon Milà, Nicholas D Gilson, Jim McKenna
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the impact of 'sit less, move more' interventions on workplace performance. This study assessed the short and mid-term impacts of and patterns of change within, a 19-week workplace web-based intervention (Walk@WorkSpain; W@WS; 2010-11) on employees´ presenteeism, mental well-being and lost work performance. METHODS: A site randomised control trial recruited employees at six Spanish university campuses (n = 264; 42 ± 10 years; 171 female), assigned by worksite and campus to an Intervention (IG; used W@WS; n = 129; 87 female) or an active Comparison group (A-CG; pedometer, paper diary and self-reported sitting time; n = 135; 84 female)...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510733/radon-dosimetry-for-workers-icrp-s-approach
#3
James W Marsh, Dominique Laurier, Margot Tirmarche
The International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) has recently published two reports on radon exposure; Publication 115 on lung cancer risks from radon and radon progeny and Publication 126 on radiological protection against radon exposure. A specific graded approach for the control of radon in workplaces is recommended where a dose assessment is required in certain situations. In its forthcoming publication on Occupational Intakes of Radionuclides (OIR) document, Part 3, effective dose coefficients for radon and thoron will be provided...
May 16, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507593/short-questionnaire-for-workplace-analysis-kfza-factorial-validation-in-physicians-and-nurses-working-in-hospital-settings
#4
Patricia Appel, Michael Schuler, Heiner Vogel, Amina Oezelsel, Hermann Faller
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in psychosocial workplace risk assessments in Germany. One of the questionnaires commonly employed for this purpose is the Short Questionnaire for Workplace Analysis (KFZA). Originally, the KFZA was developed and validated for office workers. The aim of the present study was to examine the factorial validity of the KFZA when applied to hospital settings. Therefore, we examined the factorial structure of a questionnaire that contained all the original items plus an extension adding 11 questions specific to hospital workplaces and analyzed both, the original version and the extended version...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498034/assessment-of-resident-physicians-communicator-and-collaborator-competencies-by-interprofessional-clinicians-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Lyn K Sonnenberg, Lesley Pritchard-Wiart, Carol S Hodgson, YongQiang Yu, Sharla King
Phenomenon: As we move toward competency-based medical education, greater emphasis is being placed on assessing a more comprehensive skill set, including the ability to communicate and collaborate effectively in the workplace. Nonphysician members on interprofessional (IP) teams have valuable perspectives on actual resident performance and are often not adequately engaged in the provision of feedback to residents. Based on the educational theories of collaborative evaluation and social constructivism, this research examined the ability of IP clinicians to provide feedback to residents...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493429/trust-and-risk-a-model-for-medical-education
#6
Arvin Damodaran, Boaz Shulruf, Philip Jones
CONTEXT: Health care delivery, and therefore medical education, is an inherently risky business. Although control mechanisms, such as external audit and accreditation, are designed to manage risk in clinical settings, another approach is 'trust'. The use of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) represents a deliberate way in which this is operationalised as a workplace-based assessment. Once engaged with the concept, clinical teachers and medical educators may have further questions about trust...
May 10, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488112/work-characteristics-predict-the-development-of-multi-site-musculoskeletal-pain
#7
Jodi Oakman, Astrid de Wind, Swenne G van den Heuvel, Allard J van der Beek
PURPOSE: Musculoskeletal pain in more than one body region is common and a barrier to sustaining employment. We aimed to examine whether work characteristics predict the development of multi-site pain (MSP), and to determine differences in work-related predictors between age groups. METHODS: This study is based on 5136 employees from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation (STREAM) who reported no MSP at baseline. Measures included physical, emotional, mental, and psychological job demands, social support and autonomy...
May 9, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486342/perceived-self-efficacy-and-financial-incentives-factors-affecting-health-behaviors-and-weight-loss-in-a-workplace-weight-loss-intervention
#8
Pouran D Faghri, Julia Simon, Tania Huedo-Medina, Amy Gorin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if self-efficacy (SE) and financial incentives (FI) mediate the effect of health behavior on weight loss in a group of overweight and obese nursing-home employees participating in a 16-week weight-loss intervention with 12-week follow-up. METHODS: Ninety nine overweight/obese (body mass index [BMI] > 25) employees from four nursing-homes participated, with a mean age of 46.98 years and BMI of 35.33. Nursing-homes were randomized to receiving an incentive-based intervention (n = 51) and no incentive (n = 48)...
May 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481739/the-effects-of-monitoring-environment-on-problem-solving-performance
#9
Brian K Laird, Charles D Bailey, Kim Hester
While effective and efficient solving of everyday problems is important in business domains, little is known about the effects of workplace monitoring on problem-solving performance. In a laboratory experiment, we explored the monitoring environment's effects on an individual's propensity to 1) establish pattern solutions to problems, 2) recognize when pattern solutions are no longer efficient, and 3) solve complex problems. Under three work monitoring regimes-no monitoring, human monitoring, and electronic monitoring-114 participants solved puzzles for monetary rewards...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476140/anemia-risk-in-relation-to-lead-exposure-in-lead-related-manufacturing
#10
Nan-Hung Hsieh, Shun-Hui Chung, Szu-Chieh Chen, Wei-Yu Chen, Yi-Hsien Cheng, Yi-Jun Lin, Su-Han You, Chung-Min Liao
BACKGROUND: Lead-exposed workers may suffer adverse health effects under the currently regulated blood lead (BPb) levels. However, a probabilistic assessment about lead exposure-associated anemia risk is lacking. The goal of this study was to examine the association between lead exposure and anemia risk among factory workers in Taiwan. METHODS: We first collated BPb and indicators of hematopoietic function data via health examination records that included 533 male and 218 female lead-exposed workers between 2012 and 2014...
May 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473461/nuclear-medicine-technologist-s-perception-and-current-assessment-of-quality-a-society-of-nuclear-medicine-and-molecular-imaging-technologist-section-snmmi-ts-survey
#11
April Mann, Mary Beth Farrell, Jessica Williams, Danny Basso
In 2015, the SNMMI-TS launched a multi-year quality initiative to help prepare the technologist workforce for an evidence-based healthcare delivery system that focuses on quality. To best implement the quality strategy, the SNMMI-TS first surveyed technologists to ascertain their perception of quality and current measurement of quality indicators. Methods: An internet survey was sent to 27,989 email contacts. Questions related to demographic data, perceptions of quality, quality measurement, and opinions on the minimum level of education are discussed in this manuscript...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466419/group-based-exercise-at-workplace-short-term-effects-of-neck-and-shoulder-resistance-training-in-video-display-unit-workers-with-work-related-chronic-neck-pain-a-pilot-randomized-trial
#12
Giuseppa M Caputo, Mauro Di Bari, José Naranjo Orellana
Effectiveness of exercise therapy in video display unit (VDU) workers with work-related chronic neck pain (W-RCNP) is unclear. The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of group-based neck-shoulder resistance exercises on symptoms and muscular function in VDU workers with W-RCNP. Thirty-five employees with CNP were randomly assigned to neck-shoulder resistance exercise (NSRE) group or to conventional stretching and postural exercise (SPE) group. Participants trained 45 min, twice a week for 7 weeks...
May 2, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432039/simulation-training-evaluating-the-instructor-s-contribution-to-a-wizard-of-oz-simulator-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-ultrasound-training
#13
Aric Katz, Ronnie Tepper, Avraham Shtub
BACKGROUND: Workplaces today demand graduates who are prepared with field-specific knowledge, advanced social skills, problem-solving skills, and integration capabilities. Meeting these goals with didactic learning (DL) is becoming increasingly difficult. Enhanced training methods that would better prepare tomorrow's graduates must be more engaging and game-like, such as feedback based e-learning or simulation-based training, while saving time. Empirical evidence regarding the effectiveness of advanced learning methods is lacking...
April 21, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431293/cigarette-dependence-and-depressive-symptoms-as-predictors-of-smoking-status-at-five-year-follow-up-after-a-workplace-smoking-cessation-program
#14
Gemma Nieva, Marina Comín, Sergi Valero, Eugeni Bruguera
Workplace smoking cessation interventions increase quit rates compared to no treatment or minimal interventions. However, most studies report data up to one year. This study aims to evaluate long-term effects of a worksite smoking cessation intervention based on cognitive behavioral cessation groups combined with first-line medications, and determine to what extent cigarette dependence (FTCD) and depressive symptoms may influence results at five-year follow-up. Participants were invited to answer a short survey five years after starting the program...
April 3, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427359/neo-marxian-social-class-inequalities-in-self-rated-health-among-the-employed-in-south-korea-the-role-of-material-behavioral-psychosocial-and-workplace-environmental-factors
#15
Kyoung Ae Kong, Young-Ho Khang, Hong-Jun Cho, Sung-Mi Jang, Kyunghee Jung-Choi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the pattern of social inequality in self-rated health among the employed using the Wright's social class location indicator, and to assess the roles of material, behavioral, psychosocial, and workplace environmental factors as mediating factors in explaining the social class inequality in self-rated health in South Korea. METHODS: This study used data from the 4th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2007 to 2009...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426358/effects-of-workplace-generalized-and-sexual-harassment-on-abusive-drinking-among-first-year-male-and-female-college-students-does-prior-drinking-experience-matter
#16
Kathleen M Rospenda, Kaori Fujishiro, Meredith McGinley, Jennifer M Wolff, Judith A Richman
BACKGROUND: Workplace harassment, a known risk factor for adult drinking, is understudied in college samples, but may help explain observed gender differences in drinking patterns. OBJECTIVE: We examine effects of sexual and generalized workplace harassment on changes in drinking behavior over the first semesters of college, and the extent to which these effects differ based on prematriculation drinking for men and women students. METHOD: Data derive from two waves of a longitudinal study of eight Midwestern colleges and universities...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424950/estimated-work-ability-in-warm-outdoor-environments-depends-on-the-chosen-heat-stress-assessment-metric
#17
Peter Bröde, Dusan Fiala, Bruno Lemke, Tord Kjellstrom
With a view to occupational effects of climate change, we performed a simulation study on the influence of different heat stress assessment metrics on estimated workability (WA) of labour in warm outdoor environments. Whole-day shifts with varying workloads were simulated using as input meteorological records for the hottest month from four cities with prevailing hot (Dallas, New Delhi) or warm-humid conditions (Managua, Osaka), respectively. In addition, we considered the effects of adaptive strategies like shielding against solar radiation and different work-rest schedules assuming an acclimated person wearing light work clothes (0...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424765/community-health-volunteers-in-primary-healthcare-in-rural-uganda-factors-influencing-performance
#18
Yusufu Kuule, Andrew Eric Dobson, Desalegn Woldeyohannes, Maria Zolfo, Robinah Najjemba, Birungi Mutahunga R Edwin, Nahabwe Haven, Kristien Verdonck, Philip Owiti, Ewan Wilkinson
INTRODUCTION: Community health volunteers (CHVs) play an integral role in primary healthcare. Several countries rely on CHV programs as a major element in improving access to care and attaining universal health coverage. However, their performance has been heterogeneous and at times context-specific, and influenced by multiple factors. We describe the socio-demographic and workplace characteristics affecting CHVs' performance in a public health program in rural western Uganda. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study based on routine program data of CHVs serving the catchment of Bwindi Community Hospital, Kanungu District, South Western Uganda, in 2014 and 2015...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417255/lower-limb-pain-among-workers-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-fifth-european-working-conditions-survey
#19
Maria-Gabriela Garcia, Margaret Graf, Thomas Läubli
OBJECTIVE: Develop a model to predict the prevalence of lower limb pain using indicators of high workplace exposures based on the fifth European Working Conditions Survey, evaluate its impact and explore its significance for work-related health problems. METHOD: Cross-sectional interview data of 35,372 workers from 27 countries of the European Union in 2010 (EU27) were used to develop (20% sample) and validate (80% sample) a logistic regression model for lower limb pain...
April 17, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415993/moving-to-business-changes-in-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-after-multilevel-intervention-in-small-and-medium-size-workplaces
#20
Minna Aittasalo, Matleena Livson, Sirpa Lusa, Ahti Romo, Henri Vähä-Ypyä, Kari Tokola, Harri Sievänen, Ari Mänttäri, Tommi Vasankari
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity (PA) promotes and excessive sedentary behavior (SB) deteriorates health. Yet the Finnish working-aged population spends most of the day sitting. A 1-year Moving To Business (MTB) -intervention supported small and medium-size workplaces to combat sedentariness. This paper reports the changes in employees' PA and SB from before MTB (baseline) to 1 year after baseline (follow-up). METHODS: Twelve workplaces with a total of 396 employees participated...
April 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
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