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Workplace based assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676834/working-while-unwell-workplace-impairment-in-people-with-severe-asthma
#1
Sarah A Hiles, Erin S Harvey, Vanessa M McDonald, Matthew Peters, Philip Bardin, Paul N Reynolds, John W Upham, Melissa Baraket, Zaheerodin Bhikoo, Jeffrey Bowden, Ben Brockway, Li Ping Chung, Belinda Cochrane, Gloria Foxley, Jeffrey Garrett, Mark Hew, Lata Jayaram, Christine Jenkins, Constance Katelaris, Gregory Katsoulotos, Mariko S Koh, Vicky Kritikos, Marina Lambert, David Langton, Alexis Lara Rivero, Guy B Marks, Peter G Middleton, Aldoph Nanguzgambo, Naghmeh Radhakrishna, Helen Reddel, Janet Rimmer, Anne Marie Southcott, Michael Sutherland, Francis Thien, Peter Ab Wark, Ian A Yang, Elaine Yap, Peter G Gibson
BACKGROUND: Severe asthma affects quality of life; however, its impact on workplace productivity is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To compare workplace productivity - absenteeism and presenteeism - and impairment in daily activities in severe and non-severe asthma over time and identify characteristics associated with presenteeism in severe asthma. METHODS: The Severe Asthma Web-based Database (SAWD) is an ongoing observational registry from Australia, New Zealand and Singapore...
April 20, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676054/considering-the-interdependence-of-clinical-performance-implications-for-assessment-and-entrustment
#2
Stefanie S Sebok-Syer, Saad Chahine, Christopher J Watling, Mark Goldszmidt, Sayra Cristancho, Lorelei Lingard
INTRODUCTION: Our ability to assess independent trainee performance is a key element of competency-based medical education (CBME). In workplace-based clinical settings, however, the performance of a trainee can be deeply entangled with others on the team. This presents a fundamental challenge, given the need to assess and entrust trainees based on the evolution of their independent clinical performance. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to understand what faculty members and senior postgraduate trainees believe constitutes independent performance in a variety of clinical specialty contexts...
April 19, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673925/diet-and-lifestyle-habits-association-with-cardiovascular-disease-indices-in-a-nigerian-sub-population
#3
Victor M Oguoma, Ezekiel U Nwose, Timothy C Skinner, Ross S Richards, Phillip T Bwititi
BACKGROUND: There is inadequate evidence regarding the pattern of unhealthy lifestyle behaviours in Nigeria hence the aim of this study was to assess the pattern of lifestyle-related habits that predispose to risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) indices in a Nigerian population. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out on 422 apparently healthy males and females ≥18 years old. The World Health Organisation (WHO) STEPwise questionnaire was used to collect information on tobacco use or smoking habits, alcohol consumption and dietary habits...
April 11, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673271/beyond-silence-a-randomized-parallel-group-trial-exploring-the-impact-of-workplace-mental-health-literacy-training-with-healthcare-employees
#4
Sandra E Moll, Scott Patten, Heather Stuart, Joy C MacDermid, Bonnie Kirsh
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to evaluate whether a contact-based workplace education program was more effective than standard mental health literacy training in promoting early intervention and support for healthcare employees with mental health issues. METHOD: A parallel-group, randomised trial was conducted with employees in 2 multi-site Ontario hospitals with the evaluators blinded to the groups. Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 group-based education programs: Beyond Silence (comprising 6 in-person, 2-h sessions plus 5 online sessions co-led by employees who personally experienced mental health issues) or Mental Health First Aid (a standardised 2-day training program led by a trained facilitator)...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669968/guidelines-for-personal-exposure-monitoring-of-chemicals-part-v
#5
Haruo Hashimoto, Kenichi Yamada, Hajime Hori, Shinji Kumagai, Masaru Murata, Toshio Nagoya, Hirohiko Nakahara, Nobuyuki Mochida
This Document, "Guidelines for personal exposure monitoring of chemicals" ("this Guideline"), has been prepared by "The Committee for Personal Exposure Monitoring" ("the Committee") of the Expert Division of Occupational Hygiene & Ergonomics, Japan Society for Occupational Health. Considering the background of the growing importance of personal exposure monitoring in risk assessment and the need to prepare for the introduction of monitoring using personal samplers from an administrative perspective in recent years, the Committee was organized in November 2012...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669567/the-herrespect-intervention-to-address-violence-against-female-garment-workers-in-bangladesh-study-protocol-for-a-quasi-experimental-trial
#6
Mahfuz Al Mamun, Kausar Parvin, Marat Yu, Jessica Wan, Samantha Willan, Andrew Gibbs, Rachel Jewkes, Ruchira Tabassum Naved
BACKGROUND: Women in Bangladesh experience high rates of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). IPV is more prevalent against income earning women compared to their non-earning counterparts, and Workplace Violence (WPV) is also common. Such violence is a violation of women's rights, and also constrains them from contributing to their personal growth, household, community and the economy at large. There is limited evidence on what works to prevent IPV and WPV amongst garment workers. This paper describes an evaluation of HERrespect, an intervention which aims to reduce IPV and WPV against female garment workers in and around Dhaka, Bangladesh...
April 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626801/study-protocol-a-montessori-approach-to-dementia-related-non-residential-respite-services-in-australia
#7
Andrew Hanna, James Donnelly, Christina Aggar
Given the social burden and significant cost of dementia care in Australia, finding evidence-based approaches that improve outcomes, maintain independence, and reduce the impact on patients and families is essential. Finding effective ways to train and assist the healthcare staff who support these individuals is also critical, as they are considered to be at risk of workplace stress, burnout, and other psychological disturbances which negatively affects standards of care. The current paper describes a protocol for evaluating the effects of a Montessori-based approach to dementia care, in non-residential respite centres...
March 27, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621986/the-roles-of-health-culture-and-physical-environment-in-workplace-health-promotion-a-two-year-prospective-intervention-study-in-china
#8
Yingnan Jia, Hua Fu, Junling Gao, Junming Dai, Pinpin Zheng
BACKGROUND: To understand the potential influencing factors on the effectiveness of workplace health promotion interventions and examine whether workplace health culture and physical environment can mediate the relationship between workplace health promotion and intervention effectiveness. METHODS: A total of 719 participants from 10 Chinese government agencies were recruited for a prospective self-controlled trial. Questionnaires, qualitative interviews, and direct observation were used for the baseline evaluation, process evaluation, and effectiveness evaluation...
April 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621434/isocyanates-in-australia-current-exposure-to-an-old-hazard
#9
Sonia El Zaemey, Deborah Glass, Lin Fritschi, Ellie Darcey, Renee Carey, Tim Driscoll, Michael Abramson, Si Si, Geza Benke, Alison Reid
Exposure to isocyanates has consistently been reported as the most common cause of occupational asthma. The objectives of this study were to assess how many Australian workers are currently exposed to isocyanates, identify the occupations with highest proportion of exposed workers and identify the main circumstances of exposures. Data comes from the Australian Workplace Exposure Study-Asthma, a national telephone survey which explored the prevalence of current occupational exposure to 227 asthmagens, grouped into 27 groups, among current Australian workers aged 18-65 years...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614742/preventing-opioid-use-disorders-among-fishing-industry-workers
#10
Angela Wangari Walter, Cesar Morocho, Lauren King, John Bartlett, Debra Kelsey, Monica DeSousa, Gretchen Biesecker, Laura Punnett
Fishing industry workers are at high risk for work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and injuries. Prescription opioids used to treat pain injuries may put these workers at increased risk for developing substance disorders. Using a Community-Based Participatory Research approach, formative research was conducted to inform the eventual development of relevant interventions to prevent and reduce opioid use disorders among fishing industry workers. Qualitative interviews ( n = 21) were conducted to assess: knowledge and attitudes about opioid use disorders; features of fishing work that might affect use and/or access to treatment; and community and organizational capacity for prevention and treatment...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611610/prevalence-of-skin-diseases-amongst-moroccan-fishermen
#11
Omar Laraqui, Nadia Manar, Salwa Laraqui, Tarik Ghailan, Frédéric Deschamps, Reda Hammouda, Chakib El Houssine Laraqui
BACKGROUND: The main objective was to evaluate the prevalence of skin diseases amongst fishermen, to specify the different clinical forms, associations and most frequent localisations, and to identify potential aetiological factors. The secondary objectives were to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of seafarers regarding occupational dermatoses to conduct information, awareness and education campaigns on risk factors and behaviours and to propose adapted prevention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional survey involved 1102 artisanal fishermen who attended the annual legal medical consultation at the occupational health service...
2018: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606118/theoretical-impact-of-simulated-workplace-based-primary-prevention-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-a-french-region
#12
Yves Roquelaure, Natacha Fouquet, Emilie Chazelle, Alexis Descatha, Bradley Evanoff, Julie Bodin, Audrey Petit
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common nerve entrapment neuropathy in the working-age population. The reduction of CTS incidence in the workforce is a priority for policy makers due to the human, social and economic costs. To assess the theoretical impact of workplace-based primary interventions designed to reduce exposure to personal and/or work-related risk factors for CTS. METHODS: Surgical CTS were assessed using regional hospital discharge records for persons aged 20-59 in 2009...
April 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606098/learning-from-errors-assessing-final-year-medical-students-reflection-on-safety-improvement-five-year-cohort-study
#13
Vicki Tully, Douglas Murphy, Evridiki Fioratou, Arun Chaudhuri, James Shaw, Peter Davey
BACKGROUND: Investigation of real incidents has been consistently identified by expert reviews and student surveys as a potentially valuable teaching resource for medical students. The aim of this study was to adapt a published method to measure resident doctors' reflection on quality improvement and evaluate this as an assessment tool for medical students. METHODS: The design is a cohort study. Medical students were prepared with a tutorial in team based learning format and an online Managing Incident Review course...
April 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592846/evaluating-an-mhealth-app-for-health-and-well-being-at-work-mixed-method-qualitative-study
#14
Elsbeth Marieke de Korte, Noortje Wiezer, Joris H Janssen, Peter Vink, Wessel Kraaij
BACKGROUND: To improve workers' health and well-being, workplace interventions have been developed, but utilization and reach are unsatisfactory, and effects are small. In recent years, new approaches such as mobile health (mHealth) apps are being developed, but the evidence base is poor. Research is needed to examine its potential and to assess when, where, and for whom mHealth is efficacious in the occupational setting. To develop interventions for workers that actually will be adopted, insight into user satisfaction and technology acceptance is necessary...
March 28, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588333/case-control-investigation-of-occupational-exposure-to-chlorinated-solvents-and-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#15
Catherine L Callahan, Patricia A Stewart, Melissa C Friesen, Sarah Locke, Anneclaire J De Roos, James R Cerhan, Richard K Severson, Nathaniel Rothman, Mark P Purdue
OBJECTIVES: Although many studies have investigated the association between trichloroethylene (TCE) exposure and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), less is known about other chlorinated solvents. We extended our previous analysis of occupational TCE exposure in a multicentre population-based case-control study of NHL to investigate associations with five additional chlorinated solvents: 1,1,1,-trichloroethane, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, methylene chloride and perchloroethylene. METHODS: Cases (n=1189) and controls (n=982) provided detailed information on their occupational histories and workplace exposure to chlorinated solvents for selected occupations using job-specific interview modules...
March 27, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580178/combining-nsam-and-cpc-concentrations-to-determine-airborne-nanoparticle-count-median-diameter-application-to-various-laboratory-and-workplace-aerosols
#16
S Bau, R Payet, A Toussaint, O Witschger, A M Todea, C Monz, C Asbach
Because nanomaterials have been increasingly developed and used in many technology and industry sectors over the last 20 years, increasing numbers of workers are likely to be exposed to airborne nanoparticles. In addition, the question of the nanomaterial characteristics that should be assessed in epidemiological studies remains open. Thus, assessing occupational exposure to airborne nanoparticles shall not only rely on mass concentration and chemical composition; key parameters, such as particle size, have to be included in measurement strategies...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573119/determine-and-compare-the-viewpoints-of-nurses-patients-and-their-relatives-to-workplace-violence-against-nurses
#17
Nasib Babaei, Azad Rahmani, Marziyeh Avazeh, Ali-Reza Mohajjelaghdam, Vahid Zamanzadeh, Abbass Dadashzadeh
AIM: The present study aims to assess the perception of nurses, patients and their relatives regarding the nature of workplace violence against nurses. BACKGROUND: Workplace violence adversely affects the health, well-being and safety of nurses and the quality of nursing care. METHODS: In the present descriptive comparative study, the nature of violence was assessed using a modified and validated International Labor Office, the International Council of Nurses, World Health Organization, and Public Services International Questionnaire...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564253/assessment-of-menstrual-hygiene-among-reproductive-age-women-in-south-west-delhi
#18
Gunjan Kumar, Josyula G Prasuna, Gaurav Seth
Background: The issue of menstrual hygiene is inadequately acknowledged in our nation. The use of sanitary pads and washing the genital area are essential practices for good menstrual hygiene. Poor menstrual hygiene may lead to itching or rashes in the perineal region, bad odor, and sometimes, major complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease and toxic shock syndrome. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and practice of menstrual hygiene among reproductive age group women...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560064/identifying-gaps-and-launching-resident-wellness-initiatives-the-2017-resident-wellness-consensus-summit
#19
Fareen Zaver, Nicole Battaglioli, William Denq, Anne Messman, Arlene Chung, Michelle Lin, Emberlynn L Liu
Introduction: Burnout, depression, and suicidality among residents of all specialties have become a critical focus for the medical education community, especially among learners in graduate medical education. In 2017 the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) updated the Common Program Requirements to focus more on resident wellbeing. To address this issue, one working group from the 2017 Resident Wellness Consensus Summit (RWCS) focused on wellness program innovations and initiatives in emergency medicine (EM) residency programs...
March 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555342/effectiveness-of-a-type-2-diabetes-screening-intervention-in-the-canadian-workplace
#20
Jean-Eric Tarride, Allan Smofsky, Priscilla Nykoliation, Stephen Allain, Linda Lewis-Daly, David Satok, Jeremy Schwartz, Joshua Hart Pollack, Jason Robert Guertin, Roger S McIntyre
OBJECTIVES: There is a lack of Canadian data concerning the effectiveness of diabetes interventions in the workplace. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Motivaction, a diabetes screening and education pilot program, in the workplace. METHODS: The Motivaction program involves a voluntary web-based diabetes health-risk assessment, the Canadian Diabetes Risk Questionnaire (CANRISK), combined with an opportunity for those eligible (i.e...
December 18, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
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