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Workplace based assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226884/analysis-of-comfort-and-ergonomics-for-clinical-work-environments
#1
Ali Shafti, Beatriz Urbistondo Lazpita, Oussama Elhage, Helge A Wurdemann, Kaspar Althoefer, Ali Shafti, Beatriz Urbistondo Lazpita, Oussama Elhage, Helge A Wurdemann, Kaspar Althoefer, Helge A Wurdemann, Beatriz Urbistondo Lazpita, Kaspar Althoefer, Ali Shafti, Oussama Elhage
Work related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) are a serious risk to workers' health in any work environment, and especially in clinical work places. These disorders are typically the result of prolonged exposure to non-ergonomic postures and the resulting discomfort in the workplace. Thus a continuous assessment of comfort and ergonomics is necessary. There are different techniques available to make such assessments, such as self-reports on perceived discomfort and observational scoring models based on the posture's relevant joint angles...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225464/beyond-selection-the-use-of-situational-judgement-tests-in-the-teaching-and-assessment-of-professionalism
#2
Barbara D Goss, Anna T Ryan, Joshua Waring, Terry Judd, Neville G Chiavaroli, Richard Charles O'Brien, Stephen C Trumble, Geoffrey J McColl
PROBLEM: Professionalism is a critical attribute of medical graduates. Its measurement is challenging. The authors sought to assess final-year medical students' knowledge of appropriate professional behavior across a broad range of workplace situations. APPROACH: Situational judgement tests (SJTs) are used widely in applicant selection to assess judgement or decision making in work-related settings as well as attributes such as empathy, integrity, and resilience...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225216/the-multiple-consultant-report-new-assessment-same-old-problems
#3
Omar Mukhtar, Jessica Griffin, Salma Naheed, Catherine Bryant
BACKGROUND: In December 2013 the Multiple Consultant Report (MCR) was introduced as an assessment tool for junior doctors (i.e. doctors below specialist status) in the UK, including those undertaking core medical training (CMT). It aims to capture the views of consultant supervisors about a doctor's clinical performance. OBJECTIVE: Despite the mandatory nature of the MCR there is no published academic evaluation of this tool as an assessment of, or for, learning...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220906/experiences-with-preventing-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-an-automotive-plant
#4
Věra Žídková, Marie Nakládalová, Jana Zapletalová, Zdeněk Nakládal, Helena Kollárová
OBJECTIVES: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common occupational disease. The aim was to assess the effect of preventive measures in automotive assembly workers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analysis summarizes data from annual crosssectional studies. The 7-year analysis of data was based on medical records obtained from an occupational physician and inspections carried out at the workplace where targeted preventive measures were introduced, including better ergonomic arrangement of the workplace, technical adjustments facilitating the work, preventive nerve conduction studies (NCS) testing of the median nerve once a year, switching of workers and their targeted rotation within the workplace...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220518/describing-student-performance-a-comparison-among-clinical-preceptors-across-cultural-contexts
#5
Kerry Wilbur, Noha Hassaballa, Omaima S Mahmood, Emily K Black
CONTEXT: Health professional student evaluation during experiential training is notably subjective and assessor judgements may be affected by socio-cultural influences. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to explore how clinical preceptors in pharmacy conceptualise varying levels of student performance and to identify any contextual differences that may exist across different countries. METHODS: The qualitative research design employed semi-structured interviews...
February 20, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213121/determination-of-a-clinically-important-difference-and-definition-of-a-responder-threshold-for-the-ucsd-performance-based-skills-assessment-upsa-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#6
Philip D Harvey, William Jacobson, Wei Zhong, George G Nomikos, Christina Kurre Olsen, Elizabeth Merikle, Michael Cronquist Christensen
BACKGROUND: This article reports an evaluation of the psychometric properties and clinically important difference (CID) threshold of the UCSD Performance-Based Skills Assessment (UPSA) in major depressive disorder (MDD), using data from a large-scale study of the effects of vortioxetine on cognitive functioning and functional capacity in MDD patients. METHODS: Adults with moderate-to-severe recurrent MDD and self-reported cognitive dysfunction were randomized to 8 weeks of double-blind treatment with vortioxetine 10/20mg QD (flexible), duloxetine 60mg QD, or placebo...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209159/do-coursework-summative-assessments-predict-clinical-performance-a-systematic-review
#7
Rebecca Terry, Wayne Hing, Robin Orr, Nikki Milne
BACKGROUND: Two goals of summative assessment in health profession education programs are to ensure the robustness of high stakes decisions such as progression and licensing, and predict future performance. This systematic and critical review aims to investigate the ability of specific modes of summative assessment to predict the clinical performance of health profession education students. METHODS: PubMed, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, ERIC and EMBASE databases were searched using key terms with articles collected subjected to dedicated inclusion criteria...
February 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188797/a-14-year-longitudinal-study-of-the-impact-of-clean-indoor-air-legislation-on-state-smoking-prevalence-usa-1997-2010
#8
Craig M Becker, Joseph G L Lee, Suzanne Hudson, Jeanne Hoover, Donald Civils
While clean indoor air legislation at the state level is an evidence-based recommendation, only limited evidence exists regarding the impact of clean indoor air policies on state smoking prevalence. Using state smoking prevalence data from 1997 to 2010, a repeated measures observational analysis assessed the association between clean indoor air policies (i.e., workplace, restaurant, and bar) and state smoking prevalence while controlling for state cigarette taxes and year. The impacts from the number of previous years with any clean indoor air policy, the number of policies in effect during the current year, and the number of policies in effect the previous year were analyzed...
February 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188698/justification-of-radiographic-examinations-what-are-the-key-issues
#9
REVIEW
Jason Vom, Imelda Williams
Justification of radiographic examinations is the practice of evaluating requested radiological examinations to assess for clinical merit and appropriateness based on clinical notes and patient information. This implies that justification in radiography requires the evaluation of requested examinations, the justification of exposures being applied and determining whether patients fit the recommended criteria for the procedure. Medico-legal requirements by the professional registration body, the Medical Radiation Practice Board of Australia (MRPBA), identify justification as an advocated and obligatory practice for radiographers...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188606/costs-of-productivity-loss-due-to-occupational-cancer-in-canada-estimation-using-claims-data-from-workers-compensation-boards
#10
W Dominika Wranik, Adam Muir, Min Hu
INTRODUCTION: Cancer is a leading cause of illness globally, yet our understanding of the financial implications of cancer caused by working conditions and environments is limited. The goal of this study is to estimate the costs of productivity losses due to occupational cancer in Canada, and to evaluate the factors associated with these costs. METHODS: Two sources of data are used: (i) Individual level administrative claims data from the Workers Compensation Board of Nova Scotia; and (ii) provincial aggregated cancer claims statistics from the Association of Workers Compensation Boards of Canada...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183010/perceived-discrimination-and-low-back-pain-among-28-532-workers-in-south-korea-effect-modification-by-labor-union-status
#11
Nagyeong Lee, Hyoju Sung, Ji-Hwan Kim, Laura Punnett, Seung-Sup Kim
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the association between workplace discrimination and low back pain among Korean workers and explored the role of labor union in the association. METHODS: We analyzed a cross-sectional survey of 28,532 workers from the 3rd Korean Working Conditions Survey (2011), a nationally representative dataset in South Korea. Experience of workplace discrimination for five different reasons was assessed using the questions: "Over the past 12 months, have you ever experienced workplace discrimination based on your: (a) age, (b) education, (c) birth region, (d) sex, and (e) employment status?" Experience of low back pain within a 12 month period was measured using a yes/no question...
January 30, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178728/advanced-choice-employment-ace-factors-influencing-pgy-1-workplace-selection-and-future-career-intentions-of-a-cohort-of-doctors-in-waikato
#12
Helen Clark, Wayne de Beer, Veronique Gibbons
AIM: To assess whether or not a sample of PGY-1 doctors in the Waikato region remained satisfied with the ACE system for employment 12 years after its inception. METHOD: An anonymous paper-based survey was completed by a cohort (n=60) of 2015 and 2016 PGY-1 doctors based at the Waikato DHB. Questions were based around reasons for selecting the DHB, satisfaction with the ACE process and future career intentions. RESULTS: Overall satisfaction with the ACE selection process was reasonable (63%)...
January 27, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167745/standardisation-of-delivery-and-assessment-of-research-training-for-specialty-trainees-based-on-curriculum-requirements-recommendations-based-on-a-scoping-review
#13
Amar Rangan, James Pitchford, Penny Williams, Brian Wood, Stephen Robson
OBJECTIVES: (1) To conduct a scoping review of postgraduate specialty training (ST) curricula for doctors within Health Education England in order to identify common themes and variations in requirements for training and assessment of research competencies. (2) To make recommendations on standardisation of training for clinical research across ST programmes. SETTING: Health Education England North East and National Institute for Health Research Clinical Research Network (CRN)-North East and North Cumbria...
February 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160815/prevention-of-occupational-injuries-evidence-for-effective-good-practices-in-foundries
#14
Stefano Porru, Stefano Calza, Cecilia Arici
INTRODUCTION: Occupational injuries are a relevant research and practical issue. However, intervention studies evaluating the effectiveness of workplace injury prevention programs are seldom performed. METHOD: The effectiveness of a multifaceted intervention aimed at reducing occupational injury rates (incidence/employment-based=IR, frequency/hours-based=FR, severity=SR) was evaluated between 2008 and 2013 in 29 Italian foundries (22 ferrous; 7 non-ferrous; 3,460 male blue collar workers/year) of varying sizes...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159950/implementation-of-a-mini-clinical-evaluation-exercise-mini-cex-program-to-assess-the-clinical-competencies-of-postgraduate-trainees-in-pediatrics
#15
Sumaira Khalil, Anurag Aggarwal, Devendra Mishra
OBJECTIVE: To implement Mini-CEX, a Workplace-based assessment tool, for formative assessment of clinical skills of final year pediatric post-graduate residents. METHODS: All final-year postgraduate residents at the Department of Pediatrics of a public medical college in India underwent mini-CEX assessment by rotation among six faculty members. Outcome was assessed by an anonymous questionnaire-based feedback from the participating students and faculty members collected after the completion of all the mini-CEX encounters...
February 2, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157766/effect-of-interaction-between-noise-and-a1166c-site-of-at1r-gene-polymorphism-on-essential-hypertension-in-an-iron-and-steel-enterprise-workers
#16
Junwang Tong, Ying Wang, Juxiang Yuan, Jingbo Yang, Zhaoyang Wang, Yao Zheng, Feng Chai, Xiangwen Li
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the interaction of Angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) gene polymorphism and occupational noise on the occurrence of essential hypertension (EH) in steel and iron enterprise men workers. METHODS: A case control study of 935 iron and steel enterprise men workers was conducted, which included 312 cases of hypertension and 623 cases without hypertension. The noise at the workplace was assessed. Polymorphism of AT1R of the workers was examined using polymerase chain reaction - restriction fragment length polymorphism...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155004/stakeholder-perspectives-on-workplace-based-performance-assessment-towards-a-better-understanding-of-assessor-behaviour
#17
Laury P J W M de Jonge, Angelique A Timmerman, Marjan J B Govaerts, Jean W M Muris, Arno M M Muijtjens, Anneke W M Kramer, Cees P M van der Vleuten
Workplace-Based Assessment (WBA) plays a pivotal role in present-day competency-based medical curricula. Validity in WBA mainly depends on how stakeholders (e.g. clinical supervisors and learners) use the assessments-rather than on the intrinsic qualities of instruments and methods. Current research on assessment in clinical contexts seems to imply that variable behaviours during performance assessment of both assessors and learners may well reflect their respective beliefs and perspectives towards WBA. We therefore performed a Q methodological study to explore perspectives underlying stakeholders' behaviours in WBA in a postgraduate medical training program...
February 2, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154546/the-role-and-reprocessing-of-attitudes-in-fostering-employee-work-happiness-an-intervention-study
#18
Paige Williams, Margaret L Kern, Lea Waters
This intervention study examines the iterative reprocessing of explicit and implicit attitudes as the process underlying associations between positive employee attitudes (PsyCap), perception of positive organization culture (organizational virtuousness, OV), and work happiness. Using a quasi-experimental design, a group of school staff (N = 69) completed surveys at three time points. After the first assessment, the treatment group (n = 51) completed a positive psychology training intervention. Results suggest that employee PsyCap, OV, and work happiness are associated with one another through both implicit and explicit attitudes...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144227/the-buffering-effect-of-workplace-resources-on-the-relationship-between-the-areas-of-worklife-and-burnout
#19
Paul Jimenez, Anita Dunkl
Background: Workplace resources are found to play a major role in the stress-strain relationship. However, usually different types of resources are investigated, whereas investigating different facets of stress ("stressors") receive less attention in research about the relationship between stress, strain and resources. Based upon recent research, we expected that workplace resources moderate the relationship between stressors (operationalized with the areas of worklife) and long-term strain (operationalized with three dimensions of burnout) in the sense that workplace resources buffer the negative effects of stressors on strain...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128788/a-workplace-modified-duty-program-for%C3%A2-employees-in-an-oncology-center
#20
Elpidoforos S Soteriades
BACKGROUND: Workplace modified duty programs may provide reasonable accommodations to employees who have partial temporary job disability and could work on duty accommodations until they fully recover. However, little is known about the implementation barriers and effectiveness of such programs. OBJECTIVE: This study is aimed at evaluating the implementation of a modified duty program for employees in an oncology center. METHODS: A modified duty program for employees working at the Bank of Cyprus Oncology Center, a non profit organization with 200 employees located in the Republic of Cyprus was evaluated based on the health records of the occupational medicine department...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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