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Workplace based assessment

Daniel Mauss, Raphael M Herr, Töres Theorell, Peter Angerer, Jian Li
Background: The Demand Control Support Questionnaire (DCSQ) is an established self-reported tool to measure a stressful work environment. Validated German and English versions are however currently missing. The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate the psychometric properties of German and English versions of the DCSQ among white-collar employees in Switzerland and the US. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 499 employees in Switzerland and 411 in the US, respectively...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Anne-Marie Boström, Disa K Sommerfeld, Annika W Stenhols, Anna Kiessling
Implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) is a complex task. This study, conducted in an acute geriatric setting, aims to compare self-reported capability beliefs on EBP between health professionals and students, and to compare the use of EBP between health professional groups. Occupational therapists, physicians, physiotherapists and registered nurses with three or more months' employment, and all students from the occupational therapy, medical, physiotherapy and nursing programs, who had conducted workplace learning at the department, were invited...
2018: PloS One
Tessa A Kouwenhoven-Pasmooij, Suzan Jw Robroek, Daan Nieboer, Pieter H Helmhout, Machteld F Wery, Myriam Hunink, Alex Burdorf
Objectives This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a "blended" workplace health-promotion intervention, alongside identification of key components beneficial for future implementation strategies. Methods Within a cluster randomized controlled trial, 491 employees at increased risk of cardiovascular disease were allocated to the limited (N=217; 9 clusters) or extensive (N=274; 8 clusters) intervention. The extensive intervention consisted of motivational interviewing (MI) within the framework of a web-based health risk assessment (HRA), a blended care approach...
February 13, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
C A Fleming, G Humm, J R Wild, H M Mohan, S T Hornby, R L Harries, J E F Fitzgerald, A J Beamish
BACKGROUND: As front-line healthcare staff, doctors in surgical training occupy a unique organisational space rotating through hospitals and services in which they witness first hand both good and bad practice. This puts trainees in a clear position to identify and raise patient safety issues, and to contribute to discussions regarding quality and safety improvement. However, there are a number of real and perceived barriers to trainees doing so. These include concerns about the impact on training assessments and career progression, and uncertainty about the appropriate route...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Richard Wayne Leggett, Robert Meck
A method is described for deriving two levels of action, an investigation level (IL) and an immediate action level (IAL), for different forms and mixtures of the natural uranium (U) isotopes 234U, 235U, and 238U in air in the workplace. An IL indicates the need to confirm the validity of moderately elevated measurements of airborne U and adequacy of confinement controls and determine whether work limitations are appropriate. An IAL indicates that safeguards should be put into place immediately, including removal of workers from further exposure until conditions are acceptable...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
S Stevanin, A Palese, V Bressan, K Vehviläinen-Julkunen, T Kvist
AIMS: Describe and summarize workplace characteristics of three nursing generations: Baby Boomers, Generations X and Y. BACKGROUND: Generational differences affect occupational well-being, nurses' performance, patient outcomes and safety; therefore, nurse managers, administrators and educators are interested increasingly in making evidence-based decisions about the multigenerational nursing workforce. DESIGN: Mixed-methods systematic review...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Monique A M Gignac, Selahadin Ibrahim, Peter M Smith, Vicki Kristman, Dorcas E Beaton, Cameron A Mustard
Background: With the aging of populations in many countries, workers are expected to remain employed longer but may struggle with the onset of common, chronic conditions like arthritis. To date, few studies have examined workplace policies and practices that could help accommodate individuals with arthritis, and fewer still have used a sex and gender-based approach to explore similarities and differences between women and men. Objectives: This study compared the health and work contexts of workers aged ≥50 years to better understand similarities and differences between women and men in accommodation availability, need, use, and unmet needs...
February 6, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Sheena Mirpuri, Alex Ocampo, Bharat Narang, Nicole Roberts, Francesca Gany
Discrimination is associated with poorer mental and physical health outcomes. Taxi drivers have a higher risk of exposure to discrimination and higher rates of chronic conditions. A cross-sectional needs assessment was conducted with a multilingual group of 535 male taxi drivers in New York City. Drivers reporting higher discrimination were more likely to have higher perceived stress and were more likely to have anxiety/depression and chronic pain, adjusting for confounders. Workplace-based interventions designed to help drivers cope with discrimination, stress, and chronic health conditions, interventions to educate the taxi-riding public, and greater attention to these issues from administrative agencies are warranted...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Nicola J Reavley, Allison J Milner, Angela Martin, Lay San Too, Alicia Papas, Katrina Witt, Tessa Keegel, Anthony D LaMontagne
OBJECTIVE: To assess depression literacy, help-seeking and help-offering to others in members of the police force in the state of Victoria, Australia. METHODS: All staff in police stations involved in a cluster randomised controlled trial of an integrated workplace mental health intervention were invited to participate. Survey questions covered sociodemographic and employment information, recognition of depression in a vignette, stigma, treatment beliefs, willingness to assist co-workers with mental health problems, help-giving and help-seeking behaviours, and intentions to seek help...
February 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
L Omar Rivera, Jessica Danielle Ford, Meredith Marie Hartzell, Todd Allan Hoover
PURPOSE: To examine whether Army community members participating in a best-practice based workplace health promotion program (WHPP) experience goal-moderated improvements in health-related outcomes. DESIGN: Pretest/posttest outcome evaluation examining an autonomously participating client cohort over 1 year. SETTING: Army Wellness Center facilities on 19 Army installations. PARTICIPANTS: Army community members sample (N = 5703), mostly Active Duty Soldiers (64%)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Anne Marie Lunde Husebø, Marianne Storm, Bodil Bø Våga, Adriana Rosenberg, Kristin Akerjordet
OBJECTIVE: To give an overview of empirical studies investigating nursing homes as a learning environment during nursing students' clinical practice. BACKGROUND: A supportive clinical learning environment is crucial to students' learning and for their development into reflective and capable practitioners. Nursing students' experience with clinical practice can be decisive in future workplace choices. A competent workforce is needed for the future care of older people...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Stephen Kivunja, Jo River, Janice Gullick
AIMS: To synthesise the literature on the experiences of giving or receiving care for traumatic brain injury (TBI) for people with TBI, their family members and nurses in hospital and rehabilitation settings. BACKGROUND: TBI represents a major source of physical, social, and economic burden. In the hospital setting, people with TBI feel excluded from decision-making processes and perceive impatient care. Families describe inadequate information and support for psychological distress...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Haruo Hashimoto, Kenichi Yamada, Hajime Hori, Shinji Kumagai, Masaru Murata, Toshio Nagoya, Hirohiko Nakahara, Nobuyuki Mochida
This Document, "Guidelines for personal exposure monitoring of chemicals" ("this Guideline"), has been prepared by "The Committee for Personal Exposure Monitoring" ("the Committee") of the Expert Division of Occupational Hygiene & Ergonomics, Japan Society for Occupational Health. Considering the background of the growing importance of personal exposure monitoring in risk assessment and the need to prepare for the introduction of monitoring using personal samplers from an administrative perspective in recent years, the Committee was organized in November 2012...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Jeffrey Sordahl, India C King, Kyle Davis, Rick Tivis, Scott C Smith, Amber Fisher, Janet Willis, Timothy Gordon, William G Weppner
Transition to interprofessional team-based care is a quickly progressing healthcare model and requires changes in medical training approaches. The Department of Veteran Affairs (VA) has taken a lead role in creating such training experiences, one of which is the establishment of multiple Centers of Excellence in Primary Care Education (CoEPCE). These sites are tasked with developing teaching innovations to better facilitate interprofessional team-based care. The patient-aligned care team interprofessional care update (PACT-ICU) is an interprofessional workplace learning activity with the goals of simultaneously addressing educational and patient care needs...
January 27, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Sarah Yardley, Michiel Westerman, Maggie Bartlett, J Mark Walton, Julie Smith, Ed Peile
INTRODUCTION: Transitions are traditionally viewed as challenging for clinicians. Throughout medical career pathways, clinicians need to successfully navigate successive transitions as they become progressively more independent practitioners. In these guidelines, we aim to synthesize the evidence from the literature to provide guidance for supporting clinicians in their development of independence, and highlight areas for further research. METHODS: Drawing upon D3 method guidance, four key themes universal to medical career transitions and progressive independence were identified by all authors through discussion and consensus from our own experience and expertise: workplace learning, independence and responsibility, mentoring and coaching, and patient perspectives...
January 30, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
Lars E Olsson, Jana Huck, Margareta Friman
This study investigates which variables drive intention to reduce car use by modelling a stage of change construct with mechanisms in the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and Norm Activation Model (NAM). Web questionnaires (n = 794) were collected via 11 workplaces. The socio-demographics, work commute, stage of change, attitudes to sustainable travel modes, social norms, perceived behavioral control, and personal norm were assessed. An initial descriptive analysis revealed that 19% of the employees saw no reason to reduce their car use; 35% would like to reduce their car use but felt it was impossible; 12% were thinking about reducing their car use but were unsure of how or when to do this; 12% had an aim to reduce current car use, and knew which journeys to replace and which modes to use; and 23% try to use modes other than a car for most journeys, and will maintain or reduce their already low car use in the coming months...
January 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Bridget Chatora, Harrington Chibanda, Linda Kampata, Mutale Wilbroad
BACKGROUND: HIV workplace policies have become an important tool in addressing the HIV Pandemic in Sub-Saharan Africa. In Zambia, the National AIDS Council has been advocating for establishing of HIV/AIDS workplace policies to interested companies, however no formal evaluation has been done to assess uptake and implementation. The study aimed to establish the existence of HIV/AIDS policies and programs in the private sector and to understand implementation factors and experiences in addressing HIV epidemic drivers through these programs...
January 25, 2018: BMC Public Health
Shannon Dorsey, Suzanne E U Kerns, Leah Lucid, Michael D Pullmann, Julie P Harrison, Lucy Berliner, Kelly Thompson, Esther Deblinger
BACKGROUND: Workplace-based clinical supervision as an implementation strategy to support evidence-based treatment (EBT) in public mental health has received limited research attention. A commonly provided infrastructure support, it may offer a relatively cost-neutral implementation strategy for organizations. However, research has not objectively examined workplace-based supervision of EBT and specifically how it might differ from EBT supervision provided in efficacy and effectiveness trials...
January 24, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
Sheena Mirpuri, Pavan Gill, Alex Ocampo, Nicole Roberts, Bharat Narang, Stephen W Hwang, Francesca Gany
Immigrant taxi drivers in metropolitan cities are exposed to experiences of discrimination and occupation-based health risks. Given the structural differences in health care systems in the United States and Canada, we investigated the differences in reports of discrimination, health conditions and concern about health conditions between taxi drivers in New York City and Toronto, Ontario. Participants were recruited for a taxi driver Needs Assessment Survey as part of a Taxi Network needs assessment project using a street side convenience sampling technique in New York City and Toronto...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Community Health
H Blake, A Banerjee, C Evans
OBJECTIVE: There is a need to increase HIV testing rates in the UK. One approach is to increase access to testing through general health checks (GHCs) in the workplace. However, it is unclear whether GHCs are routinely offered by organisations, and employer perceptions of HIV testing are largely unknown. STUDY DESIGN: Online survey to assess attitudes towards and provision of general health checks and HIV testing in the workplace. METHODS: Ninety-eight employers from 25 job sectors completed an online survey...
January 19, 2018: Public Health
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