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Workplace based assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432039/simulation-training-evaluating-the-instructor-s-contribution-to-a-wizard-of-oz-simulator-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-ultrasound-training
#1
Aric Katz, Ronnie Tepper, Avraham Shtub
BACKGROUND: Workplaces today demand graduates who are prepared with field-specific knowledge, advanced social skills, problem-solving skills, and integration capabilities. Meeting these goals with didactic learning (DL) is becoming increasingly difficult. Enhanced training methods that would better prepare tomorrow's graduates must be more engaging and game-like, such as feedback based e-learning or simulation-based training, while saving time. Empirical evidence regarding the effectiveness of advanced learning methods is lacking...
April 21, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431293/cigarette-dependence-and-depressive-symptoms-as-predictors-of-smoking-status-at-five-year-follow-up-after-a-workplace-smoking-cessation-program
#2
Gemma Nieva, Marina Comín, Sergi Valero, Eugeni Bruguera
Workplace smoking cessation interventions increase quit rates compared to no treatment or minimal interventions. However, most studies report data up to one year. This study aims to evaluate long-term effects of a worksite smoking cessation intervention based on cognitive behavioral cessation groups combined with first-line medications, and determine to what extent cigarette dependence (FTCD) and depressive symptoms may influence results at five-year follow-up. Participants were invited to answer a short survey five years after starting the program...
April 3, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427359/neo-marxian-social-class-inequalities-in-self-rated-health-among-the-employed-in-south-korea-the-role-of-material-behavioral-psychosocial-and-workplace-environmental-factors
#3
Kyoung Ae Kong, Young-Ho Khang, Hong-Jun Cho, Sung-Mi Jang, Kyunghee Jung-Choi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the pattern of social inequality in self-rated health among the employed using the Wright's social class location indicator, and to assess the roles of material, behavioral, psychosocial, and workplace environmental factors as mediating factors in explaining the social class inequality in self-rated health in South Korea. METHODS: This study used data from the 4th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2007 to 2009...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426358/effects-of-workplace-generalized-and-sexual-harassment-on-abusive-drinking-among-first-year-male-and-female-college-students-does-prior-drinking-experience-matter
#4
Kathleen M Rospenda, Kaori Fujishiro, Meredith McGinley, Jennifer M Wolff, Judith A Richman
BACKGROUND: Workplace harassment, a known risk factor for adult drinking, is understudied in college samples, but may help explain observed gender differences in drinking patterns. OBJECTIVE: We examine effects of sexual and generalized workplace harassment on changes in drinking behavior over the first semesters of college, and the extent to which these effects differ based on prematriculation drinking for men and women students. METHOD: Data derive from two waves of a longitudinal study of eight Midwestern colleges and universities...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424950/estimated-work-ability-in-warm-outdoor-environments-depends-on-the-chosen-heat-stress-assessment-metric
#5
Peter Bröde, Dusan Fiala, Bruno Lemke, Tord Kjellstrom
With a view to occupational effects of climate change, we performed a simulation study on the influence of different heat stress assessment metrics on estimated workability (WA) of labour in warm outdoor environments. Whole-day shifts with varying workloads were simulated using as input meteorological records for the hottest month from four cities with prevailing hot (Dallas, New Delhi) or warm-humid conditions (Managua, Osaka), respectively. In addition, we considered the effects of adaptive strategies like shielding against solar radiation and different work-rest schedules assuming an acclimated person wearing light work clothes (0...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424765/community-health-volunteers-in-primary-healthcare-in-rural-uganda-factors-influencing-performance
#6
Yusufu Kuule, Andrew Eric Dobson, Desalegn Woldeyohannes, Maria Zolfo, Robinah Najjemba, Birungi Mutahunga R Edwin, Nahabwe Haven, Kristien Verdonck, Philip Owiti, Ewan Wilkinson
INTRODUCTION: Community health volunteers (CHVs) play an integral role in primary healthcare. Several countries rely on CHV programs as a major element in improving access to care and attaining universal health coverage. However, their performance has been heterogeneous and at times context-specific, and influenced by multiple factors. We describe the socio-demographic and workplace characteristics affecting CHVs' performance in a public health program in rural western Uganda. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study based on routine program data of CHVs serving the catchment of Bwindi Community Hospital, Kanungu District, South Western Uganda, in 2014 and 2015...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417255/lower-limb-pain-among-workers-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-fifth-european-working-conditions-survey
#7
Maria-Gabriela Garcia, Margaret Graf, Thomas Läubli
OBJECTIVE: Develop a model to predict the prevalence of lower limb pain using indicators of high workplace exposures based on the fifth European Working Conditions Survey, evaluate its impact and explore its significance for work-related health problems. METHOD: Cross-sectional interview data of 35,372 workers from 27 countries of the European Union in 2010 (EU27) were used to develop (20% sample) and validate (80% sample) a logistic regression model for lower limb pain...
April 17, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415993/moving-to-business-changes-in-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-after-multilevel-intervention-in-small-and-medium-size-workplaces
#8
Minna Aittasalo, Matleena Livson, Sirpa Lusa, Ahti Romo, Henri Vähä-Ypyä, Kari Tokola, Harri Sievänen, Ari Mänttäri, Tommi Vasankari
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity (PA) promotes and excessive sedentary behavior (SB) deteriorates health. Yet the Finnish working-aged population spends most of the day sitting. A 1-year Moving To Business (MTB) -intervention supported small and medium-size workplaces to combat sedentariness. This paper reports the changes in employees' PA and SB from before MTB (baseline) to 1 year after baseline (follow-up). METHODS: Twelve workplaces with a total of 396 employees participated...
April 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411064/health-benefits-of-a-reduction-of-pm10-and-no2-exposure-after-implementing-a-clean-air-plan-in-the-agglomeration-lausanne-morges
#9
Alberto Castro, Nino Künzli, Thomas Götschi
Exposure to urban air pollution has been associated with adverse effects on cardio-vascular and respiratory health, both short and long term. Consequently, governments have applied policies to reduce air pollution. Quantitative health impact assessments of hypothetic changes in air pollution have been conducted at national and global level, but assessments of observed air pollution changes associated with specific clean air policies at a local or regional scale remain scarce. This study estimates health impacts attributable to a decrease in PM10 and NO2 exposure in the Agglomeration of Lausanne-Morges (ALM), Switzerland, between 2005 and 2015, corresponding to the implementation period of a supra-municipal plan of measures to reduce air pollution in different sectors such as transport, energy, and industry (called Plan OPair 05)...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403625/development-and-validation-of-a-prediction-algorithm-for-the-onset-of-common-mental-disorders-in-a-working-population
#10
Ana Fernandez, Luis Salvador-Carulla, Isabella Choi, Rafael Calvo, Samuel B Harvey, Nicholas Glozier
OBJECTIVE: Common mental disorders are the most common reason for long-term sickness absence in most developed countries. Prediction algorithms for the onset of common mental disorders may help target indicated work-based prevention interventions. We aimed to develop and validate a risk algorithm to predict the onset of common mental disorders at 12 months in a working population. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey, a longitudinal, nationally representative household panel in Australia...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401695/case-based-discussion-perceptions-of-feedback
#11
Aruchuna Mohanaruban, Lucy Flanders, Huw Rees
BACKGROUND: Over recent years there has been a trend towards developing high-quality assessments to assess a doctor's performance in the workplace. Case-based discussion (CbD) is a form of workplace-based assessment that has the potential to provide feedback to trainees on their performance or management of a specific case. The aim of this study was to explore how CbDs are perceived and implemented in practice amongst a UK cohort of medical trainees. METHODS: This study involved 78 medical trainees at a UK hospital completing a questionnaire rating their last CbD experience, including the duration spent receiving feedback, whether it was pre-planned or ad hoc and how they responded to the feedback received...
April 12, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401441/effect-of-inpatient-multicomponent-occupational-rehabilitation-versus-less-comprehensive-outpatient-rehabilitation-on-sickness-absence-in-persons-with-musculoskeletal-or-mental-health-disorders-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Lene Aasdahl, Kristine Pape, Ottar Vasseljen, Roar Johnsen, Sigmund Gismervik, Vidar Halsteinli, Nils Fleten, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Marius Steiro Fimland
Purpose To assess effects of an inpatient multicomponent occupational rehabilitation program compared to less comprehensive outpatient rehabilitation on sickness absence in persons with musculoskeletal- or mental health disorders. Methods Randomized clinical trial with parallel groups. Participants were individuals 18-60 years old on sick-leave for 2-12 months with a sick-leave diagnosis within the musculoskeletal, psychological or general and unspecified chapters of ICPC-2, identified in a national register...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399726/a-path-analysis-model-for-explaining-unsafe-behavior-at-workplaces-the-effect-of-perceived-work-pressure
#13
Fakhradin Ghasemi, Omid Kalatpour, Abbas Moghimbeigi, Iraj Mohhamadfam
BACKGROUND: unsafe behavior is closely related to occupational accidents. Work pressure is one the main factors affecting employees' behavior. The aim of the present was to provide a path analysis model for explaining how work pressure affects safety behavior. METHODS: using a self-administered questionnaire, six variables supposed to affect safety employees' behavior were measured. The path analysis model was constructed based on several hypotheses. The goodness of fit of the model was assessed using both absolute and comparative fit indices...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398986/living-with-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adulthood-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#14
Merete B Bjerrum, Preben U Pedersen, Palle Larsen
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) relates to four dimensions of behavior: inattentiveness, restlessness, impulsiveness and hyperactivity. Symptoms affect multiple areas of daily life such as academic performance and social functioning. Despite the negative effects of ADHD, people diagnosed with ADHD do not necessarily regard themselves as being impaired. However, it is unclear how adults with ADHD experience and manage their symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To identify and synthesize the best available evidence on how adults experience living with ADHD...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397160/implementation-of-a-tobacco-free-workplace-program-at-a-local-mental-health-authority
#15
Virmarie Correa-Fernández, William T Wilson, Deborah A Shedrick, Bryce Kyburz, Hannah L Samaha, Timothy Stacey, Teresa Williams, Cho Y Lam, Lorraine R Reitzel
Tobacco-free workplace policies that incorporate evidence-based practices can increase the reach and effectiveness of tobacco dependence treatment among underserved populations but may be underutilized due to limited knowledge about implementation processes. This paper describes the implementation of a comprehensive tobacco-free workplace program at a behavioral healthcare community center in Texas. The center participated in a tobacco-free workplace program implementation project that provided guidance and resources and allowed center autonomy in implementation...
April 10, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395348/exposure-assessment-in-a-single-walled-carbon-nanotube-primary-manufacturer
#16
Serge Kouassi, Cyril Catto, Claude Ostiguy, Gilles L'Espérance, Jens Kroeger, Maximilien Debia
Objectives: This study was aimed at documenting and characterizing occupational exposure to single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) generated in a primary manufacturing plant. It also compared various strategies of exposure monitoring. Methods: A 6-day measurement protocol was scheduled (D1-D6) including both (i) quasi-personal monitoring with an array of direct reading instruments (DRIs) and (ii) offline electron microscopy analyses of surface and breathing zone filter-based samples...
March 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395313/qualitative-and-semiquantitative-assessment-of-exposure-to-engineered-nanomaterials-within-the-french-epinano-program-inter-and-intramethod-reliability-study
#17
Irina Guseva Canu, Delphine Jezewski-Serra, Laurène Delabre, Stéphane Ducamp, Yuriko Iwatsubo, Sabine Audignon-Durand, Cécile Ducros, Anca Radauceanu, Catherine Durand, Olivier Witschger, Emmanuel Flahaut
The relatively recent development of industries working with nanomaterials has created challenges for exposure assessment. In this article, we propose a relatively simple approach to assessing nanomaterial exposures for the purposes of epidemiological studies of workers in these industries. This method consists of an onsite industrial hygiene visit of facilities carried out individually and a description of workstations where nano-objects and their agglomerates and aggregates (NOAA) are present using a standardized tool, the Onsite technical logbook...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393716/pneumoconiosis-in-different-sectors-and-their-differences-in-turkey
#18
Nur Şafak Alıcı, Arif Çımrın, Ayşe Coşkun Beyan
Introduction: Pneumoconiosis which is one of the ancient diseases, still affects many workers throughout the world despite "existing" control programs. We add data from a single center reviewing risk factors for pneumoconiosis; evaluate functional and radiological findings in different sectors. Materials and Methods: We reviewed medical records of patients diagnosed with pneumoconiosis who were admitted to our center between the years 2013 and 2015. Several personal and occupational features, together with functional and radiologic data, were collected...
December 2016: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392929/missing-the-target-including-perspectives-of-women-with-overweight-and-obesity-to-inform-stigma-reduction-strategies
#19
R M Puhl, M S Himmelstein, A A Gorin, Y J Suh
OBJECTIVE: Pervasive weight stigma and discrimination have led to ongoing calls for efforts to reduce this bias. Despite increasing research on stigma-reduction strategies, perspectives of individuals who have experienced weight stigma have rarely been included to inform this research. The present study conducted a systematic examination of women with high body weight to assess their perspectives about a broad range of strategies to reduce weight-based stigma. METHODS: Women with overweight or obesity (N = 461) completed an online survey in which they evaluated the importance, feasibility and potential impact of 35 stigma-reduction strategies in diverse settings...
March 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390137/trait-and-perceived-environmental-competitiveness-in-achievement-situations
#20
Andrew J Elliot, Mickael Jury, Kou Murayama
OBJECTIVE: Trait and perceived environmental competitiveness are typically studied separately, but they undoubtedly have a joint influence on goal pursuit and behavior in achievement situations. The present research was designed to study them together. We tested the relation between trait and perceived environmental competitiveness, and tested these variables as separate and sequential predictors of both performance-based goals and performance attainment. METHODS: In Studies 1a (n=387) and 1b (n=322), we assessed participants' trait and perceived environmental competitiveness, as well as third variable candidates...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Personality
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