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Workplace based assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645020/do-we-see-how-they-perceive-risk-an-integrated-analysis-of-risk-perception-and-its-effect-on-workplace-safety-behavior
#1
Nini Xia, Xueqing Wang, Mark A Griffin, Chunlin Wu, Bingsheng Liu
While risk perception is a key factor influencing safety behavior, the academia lacks specific attention to the ways that workers perceive risk, and thus little is known about the mechanisms through which different risk perceptions influence safety behavior. Most previous research in the workplace safety domain argues that people tend to perceive risk based on rational formulations of risk criticality. However, individuals' emotions can be also useful in understanding their perceptions. Therefore, this research employs an integrated analysis concerning the rational and emotional perspectives...
June 20, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642253/military-related-sexual-assault-in-canada-a-cross-sectional-survey
#2
Kimberley Watkins, Rachel Bennett, Mark A Zamorski, Isabelle Richer
BACKGROUND: Most research on military-related sexual assault is based on the United States military and has important limitations, such as low response rates. We sought to estimate the lifetime prevalence of sexual assault, assess its relation to military service and identify the circumstances, correlates and associations with mental disorders of military-related sexual assault among Canadian military personnel. METHODS: We used the 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey, a cross-sectional representative survey of Canadian Regular Force personnel (n = 6696)...
June 22, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640229/seasonal-differences-in-determinants-of-time-location-patterns-in-an-urban-population-a-large-population-based-study-in-korea
#3
Sewon Lee, Kiyoung Lee
Time location patterns are a significant factor for exposure assessment models of air pollutants. Factors associated with time location patterns in urban populations are typically due to high air pollution levels in urban areas. The objective of this study was to determine the seasonal differences in time location patterns in two urban cities. A Time Use Survey of Korean Statistics (KOSTAT) was conducted in the summer, fall, and winter of 2014. Time location data from Seoul and Busan were collected, together with demographic information obtained by diaries and questionnaires...
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638435/exclusive-breastfeeding-and-mothers-employment-status-in-gondar-town-northwest-ethiopia-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#4
Dawit Alemayehu Chekol, Gashaw Andargie Biks, Yalemzewod Assefa Gelaw, Yayehirad Alemu Melsew
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding is defined as feeding an infant breast milk only, for the first six months. In Ethiopia, more than half of infants do not receive exclusive breastfeeding. Workplace barriers contribute to these low rates of exclusive breastfeeding practices. Understanding the sociodemographic, health related, behavioral and economic factors is crucial to promote the practice of exclusive breastfeeding in Ethiopia. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the extent of exclusive breastfeeding practice and associated factors among employed and unemployed mothers with children of age 7-12 months in Gondar town, northwest Ethiopia, 2015...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637577/physiotherapists-perceptions-of-workplace-competency-a-mixed-methods-observational-study
#5
Rodney Sturt, Angela T Burge, Paula Harding, James Sayer
Objectives Workplace-based competency is increasingly considered fundamental to patient safety and quality healthcare. The aim of the present study was to identify and describe physiotherapists' perceptions of workplace competency.Methods The present study was a mixed-methods cross-sectional observational study. Thematic and descriptive analysis of qualitative and survey data were undertaken. Forty-six physiotherapists employed at a metropolitan acute public hospital participated in interviews or focus groups; a subgroup of 31 participants also completed an online survey...
June 22, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637313/trajectories-of-alcohol-use-disorders-and-their-differential-impact-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-goa-india
#6
Abhijit Nadkarni, Helen A Weiss, Bhargav Bhat, Vikram Patel
Aims: The aim of this study was to examine trajectories of Alcohol Use Disorders (AUD) over a 6 year period and compare the bio-psycho-social correlates between these trajectories. Methods: Community-based cohort of 1899 adult men were interviewed in 2006-2008 and 2012-2014. AUD were assessed using the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test, and potential correlates including psycho-social problems, morbidity and physiological parameters were measured at follow-up...
June 14, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626625/engagement-in-health-and-wellness-an-online-incentive-based-program
#7
Teresa B Gibson, J Ross Maclean, Ginger S Carls, Brian J Moore, Emily D Ehrlich, Victoria Fener, Jordan Goldberg, Elaine Mechanic, Colin Baigel
Increasingly, corporate health promotion programs are implementing wellness programs integrating principles of behavioral economics. Employees of a large firm were provided a customized online incentive program to design their own commitments to meet health goals. This study examines patterns of program participation and engagement in health promotion activities. Subjects were US-based employees of a large, nondurable goods manufacturing firm who were enrolled in corporate health benefits in 2010 and 2011. We assessed measures of engagement with the workplace health promotion program (e...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625804/visibility-of-healthcare-research-institutes-through-the-web-of-science-database
#8
B González-Albo, L Moreno-Solano, J Aparicio, M Bordons
OBJECTIVES: The strategic importance of healthcare research institutes (HRIs) in health sciences research in Spain has motivated this analysis of the feasibility of studing their contribution to the Spanish scientific output through their presence as a signatory institution in the publications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We identified the output of the HRIs in the Web of Science database, comparing their observed output (the institutes are explicitly listed in the authors' workplace) and potential output (estimated based on the linked hospitals)...
June 15, 2017: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624605/transplacental-exposure-to-environmental-carcinogens-association-with-childhood-cancer-risks-and-the-role-of-modulating-factors
#9
REVIEW
A Fucic, V Guszak, A Mantovani
Biological responses to carcinogens from environmental exposure during adulthood are modulated over years or decades. Conversely, during transplacental exposure, the effects on the human foetus change within weeks, intertwining with developmental mechanisms: even short periods of transplacental exposure may be imprinted in the organism for a lifetime. The pathways leading to childhood and juvenile cancers, such as leukaemias, neuroblastoma/brain tumours, hepatoblastoma, and Willm's tumor involve prenatally-induced genomic, epigenomic and/or non-genomic effects caused by xenobiotics...
June 14, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624603/an-intensive-assessment-of-alcohol-use-and-emergency-department-utilization-in-homeless-alcohol-dependent-adults
#10
August F Holtyn, Brantley P Jarvis, Shrinidhi Subramaniam, Conrad J Wong, Michael Fingerhood, George E Bigelow, Kenneth Silverman
BACKGROUND: Excessive alcohol use among the homeless may contribute to their high rates of emergency department use. Survey-based studies have provided some information on the relation between alcohol and emergency department use among the homeless. METHODS: This study used an intensive schedule of random breath collections and self-report assessments to examine the relation between emergency department utilization and alcohol use in homeless alcohol-dependent adults...
June 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616243/a-global-cross-cultural-study-examining-the-relationship-between-employee-health-risk-status-and-work-performance-metrics
#11
Ana Howarth, Jose Quesada, Peter R Mills
BACKGROUND: Health risk assessments (HRA) are used by many organisations as a basis for developing relevant and targeted employee health and well-being interventions. However, many HRA's have a western-centric focus and therefore it is unclear whether the results can be directly extrapolated to those from non-western countries. More information regarding the differences in the associations between country status and health risks is needed along with a more global perspective of employee health risk factors and well-being overall...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614927/-study-on-application-of-two-risk-assessment-methods-in-coal-dust-occupational-health-risk-assessment
#12
B Wu, Y L Zhang, Y Q Chen
Objective: To evaluate the applicability of quantitative grading method (GBZ/T 229.1-2010) and occupational hazard risk index method in coal dust occupational health risk assessment. Methods: Taking 4 coal mines as the research object of risk assessment and making occupational health field testing and investigation. Based on two risk assessment methods, we analysed the health risk levels of 20 occupations which were exposed to coal dust in workplaces. Results: Coal dust working post had different risk levels in 4 coal mines, the post of higher risk level were mainly concentrated in the underground workplace of coal mine, especially the post of coal mining and tunneling system...
April 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609693/factors-that-influence-evidence-based-program-sustainment-for-family-support-providers-in-child-protection-services-in-disadvantaged-communities
#13
Lauren M Hodge, Karen M T Turner, Matthew R Sanders, Michell Forster
This paper evaluates program, workplace and process factors associated with implementation and sustainment of an evidence-based parenting support program (EBP) in disadvantaged communities. Correlation analyses and binary logistic regressions were used to assess the associations between key implementation support factors and program implementation (at 18 months) and sustainment (at 36 months) post training with (N=35) Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander family support providers using the Triple P - Positive Parenting Program in Indigenous child protection agencies...
June 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607234/healthy-lifestyle-centres-a-service-for-screening-noncommunicable-diseases-through-primary-health-care-institutions-in-sri-lanka
#14
D S Virginie Mallawaarachchi, Shiranee C Wickremasinghe, Lakshmi C Somatunga, Vithanage Tsk Siriwardena, Nalika S Gunawardena
The Ministry of Health in Sri Lanka initiated the Healthy Lifestyle Centres (HLCs) in 2011, to address the lack of a structured noncommunicable disease (NCD) screening service through the lowest level of primary health-care institutions. The main service objective of the HLCs is to reduce the risk of NCDs of 40-65 year olds by detecting risk factors early and improving access to specialized care for those with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The screened clients are managed at HLCs, based on the total-risk approach to assess their 10-year CVD risk, using the World Health Organization/International Society of Hypertension risk-prediction chart...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603056/workplace-accommodation-for-persons-with-ibd-what-is-needed-and-what-is-accessed
#15
Tarun Chhibba, John R Walker, Kathryn Sexton, Gayle Restall, Melony Ivekovic, Leigh Ann Shafer, Harminder Singh, Laura E Targownik, Charles N Bernstein
BACKGROUND: People with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) often experience periods of illness that interfere with their ability to work. We aimed to understand the need for workplace accommodation during periods of acute illness among persons IBD. METHODS: Participants were recruited from the population-based University of Manitoba Research Registry and received a survey including questions assessing experiences with workplace accommodations. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression modelling...
June 8, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598748/implementing-competency-based-medical-education-what-changes-in-curricular-structure-and-processes-are-needed
#16
Markku T Nousiainen, Kelly J Caverzagie, Peter C Ferguson, Jason R Frank
Medical educators must prepare for a number of challenges when they decide to implement a competency-based curriculum. Many of these challenges will pertain to three key aspects of implementation: organizing the structural changes that will be necessary to deliver new curricula and methods of assessment; modifying the processes of teaching and evaluation; and helping to change the culture of education so that the CBME paradigm gains acceptance. This paper focuses on nine key considerations that will support positive change in first two of these areas...
June 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593071/evaluation-of-the-quality-of-occupational-health-and-safety-management-systems-based-on-key-performance-indicators-in%C3%A2-certified-organizations
#17
Iraj Mohammadfam, Mojtaba Kamalinia, Mansour Momeni, Rostam Golmohammadi, Yadollah Hamidi, Alireza Soltanian
BACKGROUND: Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems are becoming more widespread in organizations. Consequently, their effectiveness has become a core topic for researchers. This paper evaluates the performance of the Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series 18001 specification in certified companies in Iran. METHODS: The evaluation is based on a comparison of specific criteria and indictors related to occupational health and safety management practices in three certified and three noncertified companies...
June 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585446/pharmacological-management-of-acute-severe-behavioural-disturbance-a-survey-of-current-protocols
#18
Nick O'Connor, John Corish
OBJECTIVES: The investigators reviewed protocols for the pharmacological management of acute severe behavioural disturbance (ASBD) used in Australasian psychiatric settings. Relevant literature was also examined, with a focus on Australian research. METHODS: All Fellows of the RANZCP were emailed on two occasions in 2014 requesting a copy of the guidelines for pharmacological management of the ASBD patient used in their workplace. A literature search was also undertaken...
May 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584555/how-to-prevent-workplace-incivility-nurses-perspective
#19
Farahnaz Abdollahzadeh, Elnaz Asghari, Hossein Ebrahimi, Azad Rahmani, Maryam Vahidi
BACKGROUND: Many articles have studied workplace incivility and its influence on outcomes, but very few have been conducted to assess how to prevent this issue. In this study, we aimed to determine how to prevent workplace incivility from the nurses' perspective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a qualitative study which was based on a conventional content analysis approach. Thirty four nurses (25 to 52 years old) from seven training hospitals in Tabriz, Iran were selected through purposive sampling...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578320/utility-of-an-app-based-system-to-improve-feedback-following-workplace-based-assessment
#20
Janet Lefroy, Nicola Roberts, Adrian Molyneux, Maggie Bartlett, Simon Gay, Robert McKinley
Objectives: To determine whether an app-based software system to support production and storage of assessment feedback summaries makes workplace-based assessment easier for clinical tutors and enhances the educational impact on medical students. Methods: We monitored our workplace assessor app's usage by Year 3 to 5 medical students in 2014-15 and conducted focus groups with Year 4 medical students and interviews with clinical tutors who had used the apps. Analysis was by constant comparison using a framework based on elements of van der Vleuten's utility index...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
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