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Workplace based assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339829/perceived-office-environments-and-occupational-physical-activity-in-office-based-workers
#1
A Sawyer, L Smith, M Ucci, R Jones, A Marmot, A Fisher
Background: Individuals in office-based occupations have low levels of physical activity but there is little research into the socio-ecological correlates of workplace activity. Aims: To identify factors contributing to office-based workers' perceptions of the office environment and explore cross-sectional relationships between these factors and occupational physical activity. Methods: Participants in the Active Buildings study reported perceptions of their office environment using the Movement at Work Survey...
March 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338940/feasibility-study-for-identification-of-static-and-dynamic-exposure-using-ccd-imaging-technique-for-caso4-dy-tl-dosemeters
#2
Kshama Srivastava, Seepika Soin, B K Sapra, P Ratna, D Datta
The occupational exposure incurred by the radiation workers due to the external radiation is estimated using personal dosemeter placed on the human body during the monitoring period. In certain situations, it is required to determine whether the dosemeter alone was exposed accidentally/intentionally in radiation field (static exposure) or was exposed while being worn by a worker moving in his workplace (dynamic exposure). The present thermoluminscent (TL) based personnel monitoring systems are not capable of distinguishing between the above stated (static and dynamic) exposure conditions...
March 2, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333498/workplace-status-the-development-and-validation-of-a-scale
#3
Emilija Djurdjevic, Adam C Stoverink, Anthony C Klotz, Joel Koopman, Serge P da Motta Veiga, Kai Chi Yam, Jack Ting-Ju Chiang
Research suggests that employee status, and various status proxies, relate to a number of meaningful outcomes in the workplace. The advancement of the study of status in organizational settings has, however, been stymied by the lack of a validated workplace status measure. The purpose of this manuscript, therefore, is to develop and validate a measure of workplace status based on a theoretically grounded definition of status in organizations. Subject-matter experts were used to examine the content validity of the measure...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321132/the-outcomes-of-health-promoting-communities-being-active-eating-well-initiative-a-community-based-obesity-prevention-intervention-in-victoria-australia
#4
K A Bolton, P Kremer, L Gibbs, E Waters, B Swinburn, A de Silva
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the Health Promoting Communities: Being Active Eating Well (HPC:BAEW, 2007-2010) initiative which comprised of community-based multi-component interventions adapted to community context in five separate communities. The intervention aimed to promote healthy eating, physical activity and stronger, healthier communities. METHODS: A mixed method and multi-level quasi-experimental evaluation of the HPC:BAEW initiative captured process, impact and outcome data...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319908/the-sociology-of-space-as-a-catalyst-for-innovation-in-the-health-sector
#5
Trust Saidi, Katusha de Villiers, Tania S Douglas
This paper reviews the role of space in facilitating innovation. It draws on the sociology of space in exploring the social practices, institutional forces and material complexity of how people and spaces interact. We assess how space influences the development of innovative solutions to challenges in the health sector. Our aim is to advance an understanding of the social production of space for healthcare innovation. We draw empirical examples from the Innovation Hub at Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town to illustrate that innovation does not take place in an institutional vacuum, but requires space that facilitates interaction of different players...
March 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314756/predicting-occupational-asthma-and-rhinitis-in-bakery-workers-referred-for-clinical-evaluation
#6
Badri Sadat Jonaid, Jos Rooyackers, Erik Stigter, Lützen Portengen, Esmeralda Krop, Dick Heederik
BACKGROUND: Occupational allergic diseases are a major problem in some workplaces like in the baking industry. Diagnostic rules have been used in surveillance but not yet in the occupational respiratory clinic. OBJECTIVE: To develop diagnostic models predicting baker's asthma and rhinitis among bakery workers at high risk of sensitisation to bakery allergens referred to a specialised clinic. METHODS: As part of a medical surveillance programme, clinical evaluation was performed on 436 referred Dutch bakery workers at high risk for sensitisation to bakery allergens...
March 17, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301588/is-it-all-about-the-money-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-effects-of-performance-based-financial-incentives-on-zimbabwe-s-voluntary-male-medical-circumcision-program
#7
Caryl Feldacker, Aaron F Bochner, Amy Herman-Roloff, Marrianne Holec, Vernon Murenje, Abby Stepaniak, Sinokuthemba Xaba, Mufata Tshimanga, Vuyelwa Chitimbire, Shingirai Makaure, Joseph Hove, Scott Barnhart, Batsirai Makunike
BACKGROUND: In 2013, Zimbabwe's voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) program adopted performance-based financing (PBF) to speed progress towards ambitious VMMC targets. The $25 USD PBF intended to encourage low-paid healthcare workers to remain in the public sector and to strengthen the public healthcare system. The majority of the incentive supports healthcare workers (HCWs) who perform VMMC alongside other routine services; a small portion supports province, district, and facility levels...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290863/-psychological-characteristics-of-patients-with-stress-induced-arterial-hypertension-a-violation-of-the-regulation-of-emotions-as-a-central-link-of-pathogenesis
#8
O D Ostroumova, E I Pervichko, Y P Zinchenko
GOAL: The study of emotional and personality characteristics of patients with hypertension in the workplace (HW) and comparative assessment of the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy in these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 170 patients c hypertensive disease stage II, 1-2-th degree, aged 32-52 years, including 85 patients with and 85 patients without WAH, and 82 healthy subjects matched for age and sex. To carry out simulation of the situation of emotional intensity (level of claims assessment process - UE) and a modified version of the test Rosenzweig...
September 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283174/real-time-rula-assessment-using-kinect-v2-sensor
#9
Vito Modesto Manghisi, Antonio Emmanuele Uva, Michele Fiorentino, Vitoantonio Bevilacqua, Gianpaolo Francesco Trotta, Giuseppe Monno
The evaluation of the exposure to risk factors in workplaces and their subsequent redesign represent one of the practices to lessen the frequency of work-related musculoskeletal disorders. In this paper we present K2RULA, a semi-automatic RULA evaluation software based on the Microsoft Kinect v2 depth camera, aimed at detecting awkward postures in real time, but also in off-line analysis. We validated our tool with two experiments. In the first one, we compared the K2RULA grand-scores with those obtained with a reference optical motion capture system and we found a statistical perfect match according to the Landis and Koch scale (proportion agreement index = 0...
March 7, 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272063/acceptability-and-feasibility-of-mini-clinical-evaluation-exercise-as-a-formative-assessment-tool-for-workplace-based-assessment-for-surgical-postgraduate-students
#10
M K Joshi, T Singh, D K Badyal
BACKGROUND: Despite an increasing emphasis on workplace-based assessment (WPBA) during medical training, the existing assessment system largely relies on summative assessment while formative assessment is less valued. Various tools have been described for WPBA, mini-clinical evaluation exercise (mini-CEX) being one of them. Mini-CEX is well accepted in Western countries, however, reports of its use in India are scarce. We conducted this study to assess acceptability and feasibility of mini-CEX as a formative assessment tool for WPBA of surgical postgraduate students in an Indian setting...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268697/analysis-of-comfort-and-ergonomics-for-clinical-work-environments
#11
Ali Shafti, Beatriz Urbistondo Lazpita, Oussama Elhage, Helge A Wurdemann, Kaspar Althoefer
Work related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) are a serious risk to workers' health in any work environment, and especially in clinical work places. These disorders are typically the result of prolonged exposure to non-ergonomic postures and the resulting discomfort in the workplace. Thus a continuous assessment of comfort and ergonomics is necessary. There are different techniques available to make such assessments, such as self-reports on perceived discomfort and observational scoring models based on the posture's relevant joint angles...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264684/intervening-to-reduce-workplace-sitting-mediating-role-of-social-cognitive-constructs-during-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Nyssa T Hadgraft, Elisabeth A H Winkler, Genevieve N Healy, Brigid M Lynch, Maike Neuhaus, Elizabeth G Eakin, David W Dunstan, Neville Owen, Brianna S Fjeldsoe
BACKGROUND: The Stand Up Victoria multi-component intervention successfully reduced workplace sitting time in both the short (three months) and long (12 months) term. To further understand how this intervention worked, we aimed to assess the impact of the intervention on four social-cognitive constructs, and examined whether these constructs mediated intervention effects on workplace sitting time at 3 and 12 months post-baseline. METHODS: Two hundred and thirty one office-based workers (14 worksites, single government employer) were randomised to intervention or control conditions by worksite...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260879/occupational-copd-and-job-exposure-matrices-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Steven Sadhra, Om P Kurmi, Sandeep S Sadhra, Kin Bong Hubert Lam, Jon G Ayres
BACKGROUND: The association between occupational exposure and COPD reported previously has mostly been derived from studies relying on self-reported exposure to vapors, gases, dust, or fumes (VGDF), which could be subjective and prone to biases. The aim of this study was to assess the strength of association between exposure and COPD from studies that derived exposure by job exposure matrices (JEMs). METHODS: A systematic search of JEM-based occupational COPD studies published between 1980 and 2015 was conducted in PubMed and EMBASE, followed by meta-analysis...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245003/-assessment-of-occupational-exposure-to-wood-dust-in-the-polish-furniture-industry
#14
Małgorzata Szewczyńska, Małgorzata Pośniak
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to wood dust can be responsible for many different harmful health effects, especially in workers employed in the wood industry. The assessment of wood dust adverse effects to humans, as well as the interpretation of its concentration measurements carried out to assess potential occupational exposure are very difficult. First of all, it is due to possible occurrence of different kind of wood dust in the workplace air, namely wood dust from dozens of species of trees belonging to 2 kinds of botanical gymnosperms and angiosperms, as well as to its different chemical composition...
February 28, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240733/prevalence-of-alcohol-abuse-among-workers-in-italy
#15
Francesco Venturelli, Andrea Poscia, Giuliano Carrozzi, Letizia Sampaolo, Annalisa Bargellini, Walter Ricciardi, Nicola Magnavita
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy alcohol consumption among workers increases the risk of job-related injuries and reduces productivity. Therefore, preventing workplace alcohol abuse is a public health priority. OBJECTIVES: This study is based upon data collected by PASSI and aims to outline the prevalence and socio-demographic characteristics of alcohol consumption among workers in Italy. METHODS: PASSI is a nationwide surveillance system that examines health-related behaviours and the degree of knowledge and adherence to the preventive interventions offered by the Italian National Health Service...
February 15, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237488/healthcare-workers-knowledge-towards-zika-virus-infection-in-indonesia-a-survey-in-aceh
#16
Harapan Harapan, Alma Aletta, Samsul Anwar, Abdul M Setiawan, Reza Maulana, Nur Wahyuniati, Muhammad R Ramadana, Sotianingsih Haryanto, Alfonso J Rodríguez-Morales, Kurnia F Jamil
OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge on Zika virus infection among healthcare providers (doctors) in Aceh province, Indonesia. METHODS: A self-administered internet based survey was conducted from 3 May to 3 June 2016 among the members of doctor organizations in Aceh province. A set of validated, pre-tested questionnaire was used to measure knowledge regarding Zika infection and to collect a range of explanatory variables. A two-steps logistic regression analysis was employed to assess the association of participants' demographic, workplace characteristics and other explanatory variables with the knowledge...
February 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235820/workplace-social-capital-and-the-onset-of-major-depressive-episode-among-workers-in-japan-a-3-year-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Asuka Sakuraya, Kotaro Imamura, Akiomi Inoue, Akizumi Tsutsumi, Akihito Shimazu, Masaya Takahashi, Takafumi Totsuzaki, Norito Kawakami
BACKGROUND: This study examined the prospective association of workplace social capital (WSC) with major depressive episode (MDE) among Japanese employees. METHODS: A 3-year prospective cohort study was conducted among 1058 employees from a private think-tank company who participated in a baseline survey; after excluding those with MDE in the past 12 months, 929 were followed up. WSC at baseline was measured using a 3-item scale. MDE was assessed at baseline and at follow-up every year, by using a web-based, self-administered version of the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WHO-CIDI) 3...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226884/analysis-of-comfort-and-ergonomics-for-clinical-work-environments
#18
Ali Shafti, Beatriz Urbistondo Lazpita, Oussama Elhage, Helge A Wurdemann, Kaspar Althoefer, Ali Shafti, Beatriz Urbistondo Lazpita, Oussama Elhage, Helge A Wurdemann, Kaspar Althoefer, Helge A Wurdemann, Beatriz Urbistondo Lazpita, Kaspar Althoefer, Ali Shafti, Oussama Elhage
Work related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) are a serious risk to workers' health in any work environment, and especially in clinical work places. These disorders are typically the result of prolonged exposure to non-ergonomic postures and the resulting discomfort in the workplace. Thus a continuous assessment of comfort and ergonomics is necessary. There are different techniques available to make such assessments, such as self-reports on perceived discomfort and observational scoring models based on the posture's relevant joint angles...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225464/beyond-selection-the-use-of-situational-judgement-tests-in-the-teaching-and-assessment-of-professionalism
#19
Barbara D Goss, Anna T Ryan, Joshua Waring, Terry Judd, Neville G Chiavaroli, Richard Charles O'Brien, Stephen C Trumble, Geoffrey J McColl
PROBLEM: Professionalism is a critical attribute of medical graduates. Its measurement is challenging. The authors sought to assess final-year medical students' knowledge of appropriate professional behavior across a broad range of workplace situations. APPROACH: Situational judgement tests (SJTs) are used widely in applicant selection to assess judgement or decision making in work-related settings as well as attributes such as empathy, integrity, and resilience...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225216/the-multiple-consultant-report-new-assessment-same-old-problems
#20
Omar Mukhtar, Jessica Griffin, Salma Naheed, Catherine Bryant
BACKGROUND: In December 2013 the Multiple Consultant Report (MCR) was introduced as an assessment tool for junior doctors (i.e. doctors below specialist status) in the UK, including those undertaking core medical training (CMT). It aims to capture the views of consultant supervisors about a doctor's clinical performance. OBJECTIVE: Despite the mandatory nature of the MCR there is no published academic evaluation of this tool as an assessment of, or for, learning...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Teacher
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