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Workplace based assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715467/dealing-with-foreign-cultural-paradigms-a-systematic-review-on-intercultural-challenges-of-international-medical-graduates
#1
Kerstin Michalski, Nabeel Farhan, Edith Motschall, Werner Vach, Martin Boeker
OBJECTIVES: An increasing number of International Medical Graduates (IMG), who are defined to be physicians working in a country other than their country of origin and training, immigrate to Western countries. In order to ensure safe and high-quality patient care, they have to take medical and language tests. This systematic review aims to (1) collect all empiric research on intercultural communication of IMGs in medical settings, (2) identify and categorize all text passages mentioning intercultural issues in the included studies, and (3) describe the most commonly reported intercultural areas of communication of IMGs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711646/rural-rotations-at-core-rarefied-exposure-or-real-experience
#2
Christopher Brown, Tarig Abdelrahman, Neil Patel, Awen Iorwerth, John Pollitt, Mark Holt, Wyn G Lewis
OBJECTIVE: Surgical rotations involving rural General Hospitals (rGH) are frequently associated with recruitment challenges, partly because of adverse perceptions regarding distances from social support networks and training opportunities. The aim of this study was to determine the outcomes of core surgical training rotations involving rGHs when compared with urban hospitals in a single UK Deanery. DESIGN: Online Intercollegiate Surgical Curriculum Programme portfolios from 163 core surgical trainees (CST) were examined related to postlocation, operative experience, workplace-based assessments, and academic achievement...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708987/a-delphi-study-to-validate-competency-based-criteria-to-assess-undergraduate-midwifery-students-competencies-in-the-maternity-ward
#3
M Embo, K Helsloot, N Michels, M Valcke
BACKGROUND: workplace learning plays a crucial role in midwifery education. Twelve midwifery schools in Flanders (Belgium) aimed to implement a standardised and evidence-based method to learn and assess competencies in practice. This study focuses on the validation of competency-based criteria to guide and assess undergraduate midwifery students' postnatal care competencies in the maternity ward. METHOD: an online Delphi study was carried out. During three consecutive sessions, experts from workplaces and schools were invited to score the assessment criteria as to their relevance and feasibility, and to comment on the content and their formulation...
July 6, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702768/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-the-impact-of-return-to-work-coordinators-in-getting-injured-workers-back-on-the-job
#4
Tyler J Lane, Rebbecca Lilley, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, Anthony D LaMontagne, Malcolm R Sim, Peter M Smith
Purpose To assess the impact of workplace-based return-to-work (RTW) Coordinators' interpersonal and functional activities on RTW outcomes. Methods Multivariable logistic regression analyses of cross-sectional and longitudinal survey responses of 632 injured workers with at least 10 days of work absence in Victoria, Australia, adjusting for demographic and other workplace factors. Outcome was being back at work for at least 1 month, measured at both baseline and 6 month follow-up survey. Participant responses to stressfulness of Coordinator interactions were dichotomised into good and poor and evaluated as a proxy for Coordinators' interpersonal activities, while having a RTW plan was evaluated as a proxy for functional activities...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701657/equation-to-estimate-visceral-adipose-tissue-volume-based-on-anthropometry-for-workplace-health-checkup-in-japanese-abdominally-obese-men
#5
Rina So, Tomoaki Matsuo, Kousaku Saotome, Kiyoji Tanaka
The purpose of this study was to develop a new equation model for predicting abdominal visceral adipose tissue (VAT) volume using anthropometric values for workplace health checkup and to clarify the association between metabolic risk factors and measured and predicted VAT volumes. Two hundred sixty male workers (200 for derivation group and 60 for validation group) participated in the cross-sectional study. The anthropometric variables and VAT volume were measured with 24 consecutive magnetic resonance images...
July 11, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701167/a-combined-experimental-and-numerical-study-on-upper-airway-dosimetry-of-inhaled-nanoparticles-from-an-electrical-discharge-machine-shop
#6
Lin Tian, Yidan Shang, Rui Chen, Ru Bai, Chunying Chen, Kiao Inthavong, Jiyuan Tu
BACKGROUNDS: Exposure to nanoparticles in the workplace is a health concern to occupational workers with increased risk of developing respiratory, cardiovascular, and neurological disorders. Based on animal inhalation study and human lung tumor risk extrapolation, current authoritative recommendations on exposure limits are either on total mass or number concentrations. Effects of particle size distribution and the implication to regional airway dosages are not elaborated. METHODS: Real time production of particle concentration and size distribution in the range from 5...
July 12, 2017: Particle and Fibre Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692014/effect-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-training-on-health-care-worker-safety-a-randomized-waitlist-controlled-trial
#7
Morgan Anne Valley, Lorann Stallones
OBJECTIVE: The study assessed the impact of mindfulness training on occupational safety of hospital health care workers. METHODS: The study used a randomized waitlist-controlled trial design to test the effect of an 8-week mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) course on self-reported health care worker safety outcomes, measured at baseline, postintervention, and 6 months later. RESULTS: Twenty-three hospital health care workers participated in the study (11 in immediate intervention group; 12 in waitlist control group)...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689174/construct-validity-and-test-retest-reliability-of-the-revised-upper-extremity-work-demands-uewd-r-scale
#8
Miriam A Cavalini, Redmar J Berduszek, Corry K van der Sluis
BACKGROUND: The revised Upper Extremity Work Demand (UEWD-R) Scale is a six-item self-report questionnaire to measure the workload of the upper limbs. UEWD-R consists of a force/posture scale and a repetition scale. Psychometric properties are unknown so far. PURPOSE: Assess the construct validity and the test-retest reliability of UEWD-R. METHOD: Participants from different levels of physical work demands (based on the Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT) categories) were included...
July 8, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688352/inter-comparison-of-personal-monitors-for-nanoparticles-exposure-at-workplaces-and-in-the-environment
#9
Ana Maria Todea, Stefanie Beckmann, Heinz Kaminski, Delphine Bard, Sébastien Bau, Simon Clavaguera, Dirk Dahmann, Hélène Dozol, Nico Dziurowitz, Karine Elihn, Martin Fierz, Göran Lidén, Asmus Meyer-Plath, Christian Monz, Volker Neumann, Johannes Pelzer, Barbara Katrin Simonow, Patrick Thali, Ilse Tuinman, Arjan van der Vleuten, Huub Vroomen, Christof Asbach
Personal monitors based on unipolar diffusion charging (miniDiSC/DiSCmini, NanoTracer, Partector) can be used to assess the individual exposure to nanoparticles in different environments. The charge acquired by the aerosol particles is nearly proportional to the particle diameter and, by coincidence, also nearly proportional to the alveolar lung-deposited surface area (LDSA), the metric reported by all three instruments. In addition, the miniDiSC/DiSCmini and the NanoTracer report particle number concentration and mean particle size...
July 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681175/optimizing-cooperation-between-general-practitioners-occupational-health-and-rehabilitation-physicians-in-germany-a-qualitative-study
#10
Jan Stratil, Monika A Rieger, Susanne Voelter-Mahlknecht
PURPOSE: To achieve successful medical rehabilitation and timely return to work, general practitioners, occupational health and rehabilitation physicians need to cooperate effectively. This cooperation, however, can be hampered by organizational, interpersonal, and structural barriers. In this article, we present and discuss suggestions proposed by physicians and patients on how these barriers can be overcome. METHODS: We conducted eight qualitative focus group discussions with general practitioners (GPs), occupational health physicians (OPs), rehabilitation physicians (RPs) and rehabilitation patients, which we analyzed with qualitative content analysis methods...
July 5, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680455/a-new-technique-to-measure-online-bullying-online-computerized-adaptive-testing
#11
Shu-Ching Ma, Hsiu-Hung Wang, Tsair-Wei Chien
BACKGROUND: Workplace bullying has been measured in many studies to investigate mental health issues. None uses online computerized adaptive testing (CAT) with cutting points to report bully prevalence at workplace. OBJECTIVE: To develop an online CAT to examine person being bullied and verify whether item response theory-based CAT can be applied online for nurses to measure exposure to workplace bullying. METHODS: A total of 963 nurses were recruited and responded to the 22-item Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised (NAQ-R)...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674139/factors-associated-with-return-to-work-among-people-on-work-absence-due-to-long-term-neck-or-back-pain-a-narrative-systematic-review
#12
Mamunur Rashid, Marja-Leena Kristofferzon, Annika Nilsson, Marina Heiden
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this narrative systematic review was to summarise prognostic factors for return to work (RTW) among people with long-term neck/shoulder or back pain. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed through three databases (Medline, CINAHL and PsycINFO) for studies published until February 2016. Only observational studies of people on work absence (≥2 weeks) due to neck/shoulder or back pain were included. The methodological quality of the included studies was assessed using guidelines for assessing quality in prognostic studies on the basis of Framework of Potential Biases...
July 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673329/experience-and-lessons-from-health-impact-assessment-guiding-prevention-and-control-of-hiv-aids-in-a-copper-mine-project-northwestern-zambia
#13
Astrid M Knoblauch, Mark J Divall, Milka Owuor, Kennedy Nduna, Harrison Ng'uni, Gertrude Musunka, Anna Pascall, Jürg Utzinger, Mirko S Winkler
BACKGROUND: To avoid or mitigate potential project-related adverse health effects, the Trident copper project in Kalumbila, northwestern Zambia, commissioned a health impact assessment. HIV was identified a priority health issue based on the local vulnerability to HIV transmission and experience from other mining projects in Africa. Hence, an HIV/AIDS management plan was developed, including community and workplace interventions, with HIV testing and counselling (HTC) being one of the key components...
July 4, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670329/the-effect-of-effort-reward-imbalance-on-the-health-of-childcare-workers-in-hamburg-a-longitudinal-study
#14
Peter Koch, Jan Felix Kersten, Johanna Stranzinger, Albert Nienhaus
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of effort-reward imbalance (ERI) among qualified childcare workers in Germany is currently estimated at around 65%. High rates of burnout and musculoskeletal symptoms (MS) have also been reported for this group. Previous longitudinal studies show inconsistent results with regard to the association between ERI and MS. As yet, no longitudinal studies have been conducted to investigate the association between ERI and burnout or MS in childcare workers. This study aims to investigate the extent to which a relationship between ERI and MS or burnout can be observed in childcare workers in Germany on a longitudinal basis...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668539/a-diet-low-in-fermentable-oligo-di-and-mono-saccharides-and-polyols-improves-quality-of-life-and-reduces-activity-impairment-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-diarrhea
#15
Shanti Eswaran, William D Chey, Kenya Jackson, Sivaram Pillai, Samuel W Chey, Theresa Han-Markey
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We investigated the effects of a diet low in fermentable oligo-, di-, and mono-saccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) vs traditional dietary recommendations, on health-related quality of life (QOL), anxiety and depression, work productivity, and sleep quality in patients with IBS and diarrhea (IBS-D). METHODS: We conducted a prospective, single-center, single-blind trial of 92 adult patients with IBS-D (65 women; median age, 42.6 years) randomly assigned to groups placed on a diet low in FODMAPs or a modified diet recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (mNICE) for 4 weeks...
June 28, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662555/cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-after-an-employer-based-risk-reduction-program-an-observational-cohort-study
#16
David H Holben, Chelsea Rambo, Cheryl Howe, Deborah H Murray, Jay H Shubrook
Context: The burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) continues to be a public health concern. Workplace interventions that focus on modifying lifestyle habits may reduce CVD risk factors in people at risk. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of a comprehensive lifestyle intervention program that integrated dietary modification, physical activity, stress management, and behavior modification counseling to reduce the risk of CVD in at-risk adults. Methods: Twelve 1-year cohorts who participated in a comprehensive employer-sponsored lifestyle intervention program targeting diet, exercise, behavior modification, and stress management between 2006 and 2010 at a rural university in Appalachian Ohio were studied...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656744/accuracy-of-food-photographs-for-quantifying-food-servings-in-a-lunch-meal-setting-among-danish-children-and-adults
#17
A Biltoft-Jensen, T Holmgaard Nielsen, K Hess Ygil, T Christensen, S Fagt
BACKGROUND: Visual aids, such as food photographs, are widely used in estimating food quantities in dietary surveys. The present study aimed to assess how accurately Danish adults and children can estimate food portion sizes using 37 series of photographs illustrating four to six different portion sizes under real-life conditions; determine whether adults were more accurate than children; and estimate the error caused by using portion size photographs to estimate weights of foods consumed in macronutrient calculation...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656728/minimum-standards-on-prevention-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-occupational-and-work-related-skin-diseases-in-europe-position-paper-of-the-cost-action-standerm-td-1206
#18
J H Alfonso, A Bauer, L Bensefa-Colas, A Boman, M Bubas, L Constandt, M N Crepy, M Goncalo, J Macan, V Mahler, D Mijakoski, J M Ramada Rodilla, T Rustemeyer, P Spring, S M John, W Uter, M Wilkinson, A M Giménez-Arnau
BACKGROUND: Skin diseases constitute up to 40% of all notified occupational diseases in most European countries, predominantly comprising contact dermatitis, contact urticaria, and skin cancer. While insufficient prevention of work-related skin diseases (WRSD) is a top-priority problem in Europe, common standards for prevention of these conditions are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To develop common European standards on prevention and management of WRSD and occupational skin diseases (OSD)...
June 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645981/work-related-psychosocial-factors-and-onset-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-workers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#19
Asuka Sakuraya, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Norito Kawakami, Kotaro Imamura, Emiko Ando, Yumi Asai, Hisashi Eguchi, Yuka Kobayashi, Norimitsu Nishida, Hideaki Arima, Akihito Shimazu, Akizumi Tsutsumi
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome is an important public health target because of its high prevalence worldwide. Work-related psychosocial factors have been identified as determinants of metabolic syndrome components. However, there have been no systematic reviews or meta-analyses conducted to evaluate the relationship between work-related psychosocial factors and metabolic syndrome as an aggregated cluster. The aim of this study is to examine this association from published prospective studies...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645020/do-we-see-how-they-perceive-risk-an-integrated-analysis-of-risk-perception-and-its-effect-on-workplace-safety-behavior
#20
Nini Xia, Xueqing Wang, Mark A Griffin, Chunlin Wu, Bingsheng Liu
While risk perception is a key factor influencing safety behavior, the academia lacks specific attention to the ways that workers perceive risk, and thus little is known about the mechanisms through which different risk perceptions influence safety behavior. Most previous research in the workplace safety domain argues that people tend to perceive risk based on rational formulations of risk criticality. However, individuals' emotions can be also useful in understanding their perceptions. Therefore, this research employs an integrated analysis concerning the rational and emotional perspectives...
June 20, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
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