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Workplace based assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047365/the-weight-of-work-the-association-between-maternal-employment-and-overweight-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#1
Vanessa M Oddo, Sara N Bleich, Keshia M Pollack, Pamela J Surkan, Noel T Mueller, Jessica C Jones-Smith
BACKGROUND: Maternal employment has increased in low-and middle-income countries (LMIC) and is a hypothesized risk factor for maternal overweight due to increased income and behavioral changes related to time allocation. However, few studies have investigated this relationship in LMIC. METHODS: Using cross-sectional samples from Demographic and Health Surveys, we investigated the association between maternal employment and overweight (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 25 kg/m(2)) among women in 38 LMIC (N = 162,768)...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046625/assessing-the-depth-of-cognitive-processing-as-the-basis-for-potential-user-state-adaptation
#2
Irina-Emilia Nicolae, Laura Acqualagna, Benjamin Blankertz
Objective: Decoding neurocognitive processes on a single-trial basis with Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) techniques can reveal the user's internal interpretation of the current situation. Such information can potentially be exploited to make devices and interfaces more user aware. In this line of research, we took a further step by studying neural correlates of different levels of cognitive processes and developing a method that allows to quantify how deeply presented information is processed in the brain. Methods/Approach: Seventeen participants took part in an EEG study in which we evaluated different levels of cognitive processing (no processing, shallow, and deep processing) within three distinct domains (memory, language, and visual imagination)...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046512/guidelines-for-personal-exposure-monitoring-of-chemicals-part-ii
#3
Haruo Hashimoto, Kenichi Yamada, Hajime Hori, Shinji Kumagai, Masaru Murata, Toshio Nagoya, Hirohiko Nakahara, Nobuyuki Mochida
This Document, "Guidelines for personal exposure monitoring of chemicals" ("this Guideline"), has been prepared by "The Committee for Personal Exposure Monitoring" ("the Committee") of the Expert Division of Occupational Hygiene & Ergonomics, Japan Society for Occupational Health. Considering the background of the growing importance of personal exposure monitoring in risk assessment and the need to prepare for the introduction of monitoring using personal samplers from an administrative perspective in recent years, the Committee was organized in November 2012...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036868/a-modified-job-demand-control-support-model-for-active-duty-police
#4
Elisabeth Elgmark Andersson, Louise Bæk Larsen, Nerrolyn Ramstrand
BACKGROUND: The Job demand control support model (JDCS) is one of the most widely used theoretical models relating job characteristics to health and wellbeing. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the predictive power of the JDCS model for determining job satisfaction and fatigue in uniformed Swedish police. An additional aim was to determine if predictive power of the model would be improved with the addition of two occupation specific items. METHODS: Questionnaire data, based upon the Swedish Work Environment Survey were collected from Swedish police (n = 4244)...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036860/prevalence-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-among-south-indian-hand-screen-printing-workers
#5
S Shankar, R Naveen Kumar, P Mohankumar, Srinivasan Jayaraman
BACKGROUND: Hand screen-printing (HSP) plays a predominant role in textile industries in developing countries. Workers from HSP industry were mostly affected by musculoskeletal injury due to monotonous, and prolonged work nature and poor workplace environment. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to investigate the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) symptoms and risk factors associated among the HSP industry workers. METHODS: Cochran's sample size for categorical data was used to select 385 HSP workers of 1000 samples from various provinces of Tamil Nadu, INDIA...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023342/flexible-work-the-impact-of-a-new-policy-on-employees-sedentary-behaviour-and-physical-activity
#6
Heidi M Olsen, Wendy J Brown, Tracy Kolbe-Alexander, Nicola W Burton
OBJECTIVE: To assess change in physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) in office-based employees following the implementation of a flexible work policy which allowed working at home. METHODS: 24 employees (62% female; 40 ± 10years) completed an online questionnaire four weeks pre- and six weeks post- implementation of the policy. Changes in PA and SB were assessed using Wilcoxon signed-ranks test. RESULTS: There were no changes in PA following the introduction of the flexible work policy (Z = -...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017479/psychosocial-benefits-of-workplace-physical-exercise-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Markus D Jakobsen, Emil Sundstrup, Mikkel Brandt, Lars L Andersen
BACKGROUND: While benefits of workplace physical exercise on physical health is well known, little is known about the psychosocial effects of such initiatives. This study evaluates the effect of workplace versus home-based physical exercise on psychosocial factors among healthcare workers. METHODS: A total of 200 female healthcare workers (Age: 42.0, BMI: 24.1) from 18 departments at three hospitals were cluster-randomized to 10 weeks of: 1) home-based physical exercise (HOME) performed alone during leisure time for 10 min 5 days per week or 2) workplace physical exercise (WORK) performed in groups during working hours for 10 min 5 days per week and up to 5 group-based coaching sessions on motivation for regular physical exercise...
October 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981901/improving-work-outcome-in-supported-employment-for-serious-mental-illness-results-from-2-independent-studies-of-errorless-learning
#8
Robert S Kern, Roberto Zarate, Shirley M Glynn, Luana R Turner, Kellie M Smith, Sharon S Mitchell, Catherine A Sugar, Morris D Bell, Robert P Liberman, Alex Kopelowicz, Michael F Green
Background: Heterogeneity in work outcomes is common among individuals with serious mental illness (SMI). Objective: In 2 studies, we sought to examine the efficacy of adding errorless learning, a behavioral training intervention, to evidence-based supported employment to improve SMI work outcomes. Work behavior problems were targeted for intervention. We also explored associations between early work behavior and job tenure. Methods: For both studies (VA: n = 71; community mental health center: n = 91), randomization occurred at the time of job obtainment with participants randomized (1:1) to either errorless learning plus ongoing supported employment or ongoing supported employment alone and then followed for 12 months...
July 26, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969956/role-strain-among-male-rns-in-the-critical-care-setting-perceptions-of-an-unfriendly-workplace
#9
Nicholas S Carte, Collette Williams
PURPOSE: Traditionally, nursing has been a female-dominated profession. Men employed as registered nurses have been in the minority and little is known about the experiences of this demographic. The purpose of this descriptive, quantitative study was to understand the relationship between the variables of demographics and causes of role strain among male nurses in critical care settings. The Sherrod Role Strain Scale assesses role strain within the context of role conflict, role overload, role ambiguity and role incongruity...
September 29, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960114/work-organisational-practices-and-margin-of-manoeuver-during-work-reintegration
#10
Fergal O'Hagan
BACKGROUND: Many individuals of working age experience cardiovascular disease and are disabled from work as a result. The majority of research in cardiac work disability has focused on individual biological and psychological factors influencing work disability despite evidence of the importance of social context in work disability. In this article, the focus is on work and organisational features influencing the leeway (margin of manoeuvre) workers are afforded during work reintegration...
September 29, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956589/oncology-nurse-generalist-competencies-oncology-nursing-society%C3%A2-s-initiative-to-establish-best-practice
#11
Michele Gaguski, Kim George, Susan Bruce, Edie Brucker, Carol Leija, Kristine LeFebvre, Heather Thompson Mackey
Background: A project team was formulated by the Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) to create evidence-based oncology nurse generalist (ONG) competencies to establish best practices in competency development, including high-risk tasks, critical thinking criteria, and measurement of key areas for oncology nurses. Objectives: This article aims to describe the process and the development of ONG competencies. Methods: This article describes how the ONG competencies were accomplished, and includes outcomes and suggestions for use in clinical practice...
September 25, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930799/characterizing-the-interrelationships-of-prescription-opioid-and-benzodiazepine-drugs-with-worker-health-and-workplace-hazards
#12
Michele Kowalski-McGraw, Judith Green-McKenzie, Sudha P Pandalai, Paul A Schulte
OBJECTIVE: Prescription opioid and benzodiazepine drug use, which has risen significantly, can affect worker health. Exploration of the scientific literature assessed (1) interrelationships of such drug use, occupational risk factors, and illness and injury, and (2) occupational and personal risk factor combinations that can affect their use. METHODS: The scientific literature from 2000 to 2015 was searched to determine any interrelationships. RESULTS: Evidence for eight conceptual models emerged based on the search yield of 133 articles...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912666/prevalence-of-low-back-pain-in-iranian-nurses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Yosra Azizpour, Ali Delpisheh, Zahra Montazeri, Kourosh Sayehmiri
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) as a musculoskeletal disorder is one of the most common occupational injuries in nurses but there isn't any valid measure of the prevalence of LBP in Iranian nursing. In order to increase the power and improve the estimates of the prevalence of LBP in Iranian nurses, a comprehensive meta-analysis was carried out. A summary measure of all studies conducted in this field was found and distributions of LBP were evaluated based on different variables. METHODS: Inclusion criteria included articles with prevalence of LBP in Iranian nurses, who had at least six months of work experience without any trauma, injuries to spine, or any underlying disease...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912107/a-short-food-literacy-questionnaire-sflq-for-adults-findings-from-a-swiss-validation-study
#14
Corinna Gréa Krause, Sigrid Beer-Borst, Kathrin Sommerhalder, Stefanie Hayoz, Thomas Abel
The short food literacy questionnaire (SFLQ) was developed to measure a broad range of skills including functional, interactive, and critical elements of FL. This study evaluated SFLQ measurement properties. We used a workplace intervention trial to reduce salt intake in Switzerland to explore the underlying structure of the questionnaire with 350 respondents and identify the ideal number of SFLQ items to capture the different elements of FL. Exploratory factor analysis showed a unidimensional structure of the final 12-item questionnaire...
September 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904705/a-study-to-determine-the-prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-hypertension-among-employees-working-at-a-call-centre-nairobi-kenya
#15
Mwagi Joseph Onyango, Iyeri Kombe, Daniel Sagwe Nyamongo, Moses Mwangi
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension often referred to as Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs). Causes of hypertension are classified into modifiable and non-modifiable factors. The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence and other associated factors leading to the onset of hypertension among employees working at the call center. METHODS: This was a descriptive cross sectional study design. Data collection was done in two parts; part one comprised of clinical health assessments; weight and height to aid determine Body Mass Index and blood pressure measurement...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902699/experiences-of-and-support-for-nurses-as-second-victims-of-adverse-nursing-errors-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#16
C J Cabilan, Kathryn Kynoch
BACKGROUND: Second victims are clinicians who have made adverse errors and feel traumatized by the experience. The current published literature on second victims is mainly representative of doctors, hence nurses' experiences are not fully depicted. This systematic review was necessary to understand the second victim experience for nurses, explore the support provided, and recommend appropriate support systems for nurses. OBJECTIVES: To synthesize the best available evidence on nurses' experiences as second victims, and explore their experiences of the support they receive and the support they need...
September 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898964/comparison-of-clinic-models-for-patients-with-work-related-asthma
#17
J C Lipszyc, F Silverman, D L Holness, G M Liss, K L Lavoie, S M Tarlo
Background: Work-related asthma (WRA) is a prevalent occupational lung disease that is associated with undesirable effects on psychological status, quality of life (QoL), workplace activity and socioeconomic status. Previous studies have also indicated that clinic structure may impact outcomes among patients with asthma. Aims: To identify the impact of clinic structure on psychological status, QoL, workplace limitations and socioeconomic status of patients with WRA among two different tertiary clinic models...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883224/time-trend-in-interest-and-satisfaction-towards-clinical-training-and-academic-activities-among-early-career-cardiologists%C3%A3-the-japanese-circulation-society-post-graduate-training-survey
#18
Takashi Kohno, Shun Kohsaka, Yasuyoshi Takei, Keiichi Fukuda, Yukio Ozaki, Akira Yamashina
BACKGROUND: Satisfaction among early-career cardiologists is a key performance metric for cardiovascular (CV) educational programs. To assess the time trend in the interest and activities of early-career cardiologists regarding their training, we conducted web-based surveys in 2011 and 2015.Methods and Results:Early-career cardiologists were defined as physicians who planned to attend Japanese Circulation Society (JCS) annual meetings within 10 years of graduation. A total of 272 and 177 participants completed the survey for the years 2011 and 2015, respectively...
September 7, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862885/educational-interventions-to-enhance-competencies-for-interprofessional-collaboration-among-nurse-and-physician-managers-an-integrative-review
#19
Christina Clausen, Kelly Cummins, Kelley Dionne
Collaborative leadership and management structures are critical to transforming care delivery. Both nurse and physician managers are uniquely positioned to co-lead. However, little is known on how to prepare and support individuals for these co-leader arrangements. The re-design of healthcare professional education focuses on interprofessional collaboration, mutual learning, and a competency-based approach. While competencies for interprofessional collaboration have been delineated, competencies for collaborative management practice have yet to be addressed...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862493/an-official-american-thoracic-society-workshop-report-presentations-and-discussion-of-the-sixth-jack-pepys-workshop-on-asthma-in-the-workplace
#20
Susan M Tarlo, Jean-Luc Malo, Frédéric de Blay, Nicole Le Moual, Paul Henneberger, Dick Heederik, Monika Raulf, Christopher Carlsten, André Cartier
The Sixth Jack Pepys Workshop on Asthma in the Workplace focused on six key themes regarding the recognition and assessment of work-related asthma and airway diseases: (1) cleaning agents and disinfectants (including in swimming pools) as irritants and sensitizers: how to evaluate types of bronchial reactions and reduce risks; (2) population-based studies of occupational obstructive diseases: use of databanks, advantages and pitfalls, what strategies to deal with biases and confounding?; (3) damp environments, dilapidated buildings, recycling processes, and molds, an increasing problem: mechanisms, how to assess causality and diagnosis; (4) diagnosis of occupational asthma and rhinitis: how useful are recombinant allergens (component-resolved diagnosis), metabolomics, and other new tests?; (5) how does exposure to gas, dust, and fumes enhance sensitization and asthma?; and (6) how to determine probability of occupational causality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: epidemiological and clinical, confirmation, and compensation aspects...
September 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
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