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Workplace based assessment

Cecília Helena Glanzner, Agnes Olschowsky, Daiane Dal Pai, Juliana Petri Tavares, Deisi Angélica Hoffman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate indicators and experiences of pain and pleasure among workers of the family health teams based on the theoretical and methodological framework Psychodynamics of Work. METHOD: This is a mixed-method study with 153 workers from the multiprofessional family health team of 12 health units in Porto Alegre. All the participants answered the Pleasure and Pain in the Workplace Scale ("EIPST") between September and November 2011 and 68 also participated in the collective interviews between October and December 2012...
June 7, 2018: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
Ioannis Basinas, Araceli Sánchez Jiménez, Karen S Galea, Martie van Tongeren, Fintan Hurley
Background: Establishing the routes of exposure is a fundamental component of the risk assessment process for every dangerous substance. The present study systematically reviews the available literature to assess the relevance of the different routes and forms of exposure that are of concern for the protection of workers during the manufacture, handling, or end-use of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs). Methods: A systematic review of the peer-reviewed literature published between 2000 and 2015 was completed...
June 21, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Joanna Miller, Daniel Katz
Background: Medical education is moving toward gender parity; however, many fields, including anesthesiology, remain predominantly male. The gender gap in anesthesiology is poorly recognized, and little is known about why it exists. It is possible that perceived workplace discrimination may deter women from pursuing a career in anesthesiology. We administered a survey to examine whether gender differences affect the experience of anesthesiology residents in the workplace. Methods: This study consisted of an analysis of responses to a survey administered in 2017 via REDCap to residents at an ACGME-accredited anesthesiology training program...
January 2018: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
Alexandre Liautaud, Prince A Adu, Annalee Yassi, Muzimkhulu Zungu, Jerry M Spiegel, Angeli Rawat, Elizabeth A Bryce, Michelle C Engelbrecht
Background: Insufficient training in infection control and occupational health among healthcare workers (HCWs) in countries with high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) burdens requires attention. We examined the effectiveness of a 1-year Certificate Program in Occupational Health and Infection Control conducted in Free State Province, South Africa in an international partnership to empower HCWs to become change agents to promote workplace-based HIV and TB prevention...
June 2018: Safety and Health At Work
Cheryl E Peters, Alison L Palmer, Joanne Telfer, Calvin B Ge, Amy L Hall, Hugh W Davies, Manisha Pahwa, Paul A Demers
Background: Selecting priority occupational carcinogens is important for cancer prevention efforts; however, standardized selection methods are not available. The objective of this paper was to describe the methods used by CAREX Canada in 2015 to establish priorities for preventing occupational cancer, with a focus on exposure estimation and descriptive profiles. Methods: Four criteria were used in an expert assessment process to guide carcinogen prioritization: (1) the likelihood of presence and/or use in Canadian workplaces; (2) toxicity of the substance (strength of evidence for carcinogenicity and other health effects); (3) feasibility of producing a carcinogen profile and/or an occupational estimate; and (4) special interest from the public/scientific community...
June 2018: Safety and Health At Work
Muhammet Gul
The field of occupational health and safety (OHS) focuses on reducing occupational accidents to an acceptable level. OHS covers systematic efforts aimed at providing employee health, safety, and welfare in the workplaces. In this study, a new approach is proposed for risk assessment in the field of OHS. It integrates the Pythagorean fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (PFAHP) and the fuzzy VlseKriterijumska Optimizacija I Kompromisno Resenje (FVIKOR) into a risk assessment process. PFAHP is used in weighting the risk parameters...
June 21, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Garima Bhatt, Sonu Goel, Suman Mor, Rakesh Gupta
Background: Second-hand smoke (SHS) has enormous adverse health impacts with grave health implications for the next generation. Section 4 of Indian legislation, Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act, prohibits smoking at public places, thus protecting people from SHS. Objective: The objective of present study was to assess the exposure to SHS at home and working areas in Punjab, India. Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2015 to March 2016...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Natsuka Tohmiya, Etsuko Tadaka, Azusa Arimoto
OBJECTIVE: Stress has major socioeconomic implications for all spheres of employment. It is a trigger for depression, and affects absenteeism, turnover, productivity, morale and suicide. Positive or negative cognitive stress appraisal can be a self-care strategy that affects workers' ability to cope with stress. This study examined cognitive stress appraisal among workers and identified related individual and environmental factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using self-administered postal questionnaires...
June 19, 2018: BMJ Open
Tessa A Kouwenhoven-Pasmooij, Suzan J W Robroek, Roderik A Kraaijenhagen, Pieter H Helmhout, Daan Nieboer, Alex Burdorf, M G Myriam Hunink
BACKGROUND: Web-based lifestyle interventions at the workplace have the potential to promote health and work productivity. However, the sustainability of effects is often small, which could be enhanced by adding face-to-face contacts, so-called 'blended care'. Therefore, this study evaluates the effects of a blended workplace health promotion intervention on health and work outcomes among employees with increased cardiovascular risk. METHODS: In this multicentre cluster-randomised controlled trial (PerfectFit), 491 workers in 18 work units from military, police, and a hospital with increased cardiovascular risk were randomised into two intervention groups...
June 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
Giuseppe Taino, Franco Pugliese, Daniela Bonetti, Rossana Astengo, Marcello Imbriani
OBJECTIVES: The topic of appropriateness was defined as the new frontier of development of health interventions. RH Brook in an Editorial published in the BMJ in 1994 defines the appropriateness "… an intervention for which the expected benefits are greater (with a sufficient margin) the possible negative consequences … excluding economic considerations". In workplaces the goal of appropriateness should cover not only the actions of health surveillance and health protocols, but also and primarily all stages of the risk assessment process...
November 2017: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
Francesco Chirico, Giuseppina Rulli
OBJECTIVES: Little can be found in the literature about thermal comfort and indoor air quality (IAQ) in law enforcement workplaces. This study, based on environmental surveys carried out by the Centro Sanitario Polifunzionale of Milan (Italian State Police Health Service Department), aims to assess the thermal comfort and IAQ in some of the Italian State Police workplaces. METHODS: Measurements were performed in some indoor workplaces such as offices, archives, laboratories and guard-houses in various regions (Lombardia, Emilia Romagna, Liguria, Veneto, Trentino Alto-Adige) of Northern Italy...
December 2017: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
Lise C Worthen-Chaudhari, Scott M Monfort, Courtney Bland, Xueliang Pan, Ajit M W Chaudhari
BACKGROUND: To longitudinally assess individuals using quantified measures, we must characterize within-subject variability (WSV) of the measures. RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the natural within-subject variability (WSV) that can be expected in postural control over 3+ days? METHODS: Thirteen individuals without orthopedic or neurologic impairment (mean(SD) = 55 (9) years; 76 (18) kg; 11 females/2 males) were recruited from a community workplace and consented to participate...
June 2, 2018: Gait & Posture
Haruo Hashimoto, Kenichi Yamada, Hajime Hori, Shinji Kumagai, Masaru Murata, Toshio Nagoya, Hirohiko Nakahara, Nobuyuki Mochida
This Document, "Guidelines for personal exposure monitoring of chemicals" ("this Guideline"), has been prepared by "The Committee for Personal Exposure Monitoring" ("the Committee") of the Expert Division of Occupational Hygiene & Ergonomics, Japan Society for Occupational Health. Considering the background of the growing importance of personal exposure monitoring in risk assessment and the need to prepare for the introduction of monitoring using personal samplers from an administrative perspective in recent years, the Committee was organized in November 2012...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Jean-François Sauvé, Jack Siemiatycki, France Labrèche, Lesley Richardson, Javier Pintos, Marie-Pierre Sylvestre, Michel Gérin, Denis Bégin, Aude Lacourt, Tracy L Kirkham, Thomas Rémen, Romain Pasquet, Mark S Goldberg, Marie-Claude Rousseau, Marie-Élise Parent, Jérôme Lavoué
Objectives: We developed a job-exposure matrix called CANJEM using data generated in population-based case-control studies of cancer. This article describes some of the decisions in developing CANJEM, and some of its performance characteristics. Methods: CANJEM is built from exposure information from 31673 jobs held by study subjects included in our past case-control studies. For each job, experts had evaluated the intensity, frequency, and likelihood of exposure to a predefined list of agents based on jobs histories and descriptions of tasks and workplaces...
June 12, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Alex K Mezei, Heather N Pedersen, Stephen Sy, Catherine Regan, Sheona M Mitchell-Foster, Josaphat Byamugisha, Musa Sekikubo, Heather Armstrong, Angeli Rawat, Joel Singer, Gina S Ogilvie, Jane J Kim, Nicole G Campos
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer death for women in Uganda, despite the potential for prevention through organised screening. Community-based self-collected human papillomavirus (HPV) testing has been proposed to reduce barriers to screening. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the Advances in Screening and Prevention of Reproductive Cancers (ASPIRE) trial, conducted in Kisenyi, Uganda in April 2014 (n=500)...
June 12, 2018: BMJ Open
Maiken Holm Mæhlisen, Alexander Arndt Pasgaard, Rikke Nørmark Mortensen, Henrik Vardinghus-Nielsen, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Henrik Bøggild
BACKGROUND: Although unemployment and high levels of perceived stress have been associated in cross-sectional studies, the direction of causation is unknown. We prospectively examined if high levels of perceived everyday life stress increased the risk of subsequent unemployment and further if differences existed between socioeconomic status-groups. METHODS: We included 9335 18-64-year-old employed respondents of a health survey (North Denmark Health Profile 2010) in which Cohen's Perceived Stress Scale was used to assess the level of perceived stress...
June 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
Saeed Tabatabaei Barzoki, Parvin Rafieinia, Imanollah Bigdeli, Mahmood Najafi
Objective: Burnout and poor mental health are among the most important issues in workplace, which may lead to serious consequences for organizations. The present study aimed at finding possible prediction of the variables based on existential aspects of responsibility, freedom, self- transcendence, and self-distance. Method : A total of 385 junior high school and high school teachers, who worked in Tehran schools (Dist.17), participated in this cross-sectional study. They were given Maslach Burnout Inventory, General Health Questionnaire, and Existence Scale to assess burnout, mental health problems, and existence aspects...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Rie Tanaka, Mayumi Tsuji, Keiko Asakura, Ayako Senju, Eiji Shibata, Koichi Kusuhara, Seiichi Morokuma, Masafumi Sanefuji, Toshihiro Kawamoto
There has been increasing interest in dietary health promotion in the workplace. Although many previous studies have focused on dietary habits in specific occupations, variation between occupational groups requires clarification. The present study aimed to examine differences in food and nutrient intake between occupational groups, using detailed classification. A cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the Japan Environment and Children's Study. The study included 38,721 employed Japanese expectant fathers aged between 20 and 65 years...
June 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
Jason R Anderson, Payton L Hagerdorn, John Gunstad, Mary Beth Spitznagel
Poor sleep negatively impacts vigilance and is associated with reduced well-being and work productivity. While many individuals depend on caffeine to counteract the cognitive consequences of poor sleep and restore optimal work performance, few studies have naturalistically evaluated this strategy. This study examined the effects of coffee on vigilance, comparing individuals based on recent sleep quality. Sixty-nine participants completed two randomized, counterbalanced trials consisting of 237 ml water or coffee (100 mg caffeine), followed by a continuous performance test assessing vigilance at 30, 90, and 120 min...
July 2018: Applied Ergonomics
Stéphane Joost, José Haba-Rubio, Rebecca Himsl, Peter Vollenweider, Martin Preisig, Gérard Waeber, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Raphaël Heinzer, Idris Guessous
INTRODUCTION: Daytime sleepiness is highly prevalent in the general adult population and has been linked to an increased risk of workplace and vehicle accidents, lower professional performance and poorer health. Despite the established relationship between noise and daytime sleepiness, little research has explored the individual-level spatial distribution of noise-related sleep disturbances. We assessed the spatial dependence of daytime sleepiness and tested whether clusters of individuals exhibiting higher daytime sleepiness were characterized by higher nocturnal noise levels than other clusters...
May 31, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
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