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Workplace based assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079408/an-ecological-approach-to-hearing-health-promotion-in-workplaces
#1
Ravi Reddy, David Welch, Shanthi Ameratunga, Peter Thorne
OBJECTIVE: To develop and assess use, acceptability and feasibility of an ecological hearing conservation programme for workplaces. DESIGN: A school-based public health hearing preservation education programme (Dangerous Decibels®) was adapted for workplaces using the Multi-level Approach to Community Health (MATCH) Model. The programme was delivered in small manufacturing companies and evaluated using a questionnaire before the training and at one week and two-months after training...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073386/disclosure-of-mental-health-problems-findings-from-an-australian-national-survey
#2
N J Reavley, A J Morgan, A F Jorm
AIMS: The aim of the current study was to carry out a national population-based survey to assess the proportion of people disclosing mental health problems in a variety of settings. A further aim was to explore respondent characteristics associated with disclosure. METHODS: In 2014, telephone interviews were carried out with 5220 Australians aged 18+, 1381 of whom reported a mental health problem or scored highly on a symptom screening questionnaire. Questions covered disclosure of mental health problems to friends, intimate partners, other family members, supervisors or other colleagues in the workplace, teachers, lecturers or other students in the educational institution, health professionals and others in the community...
January 11, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072938/welfare-of-anaesthesia-trainees-survey
#3
G B Downey, J M McDonald, R G Downey
This study was designed to investigate levels of stress, anxiety or depression and to identify factors compounding or relieving stress in anaesthesia trainees within the Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) training scheme. An electronic survey was sent to 999 randomly selected trainees and 428 responses were received. In addition to demographics, psychological wellbeing was assessed using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) and questions were asked about depression and anxiety, exacerbating factors, personal healthcare and strategies used to manage stress...
January 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072707/psychosocial-effects-of-workplace-physical-exercise-among-workers-with-chronic-pain-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Lars L Andersen, Roger Persson, Markus D Jakobsen, Emil Sundstrup
While workplace physical exercise can help manage musculoskeletal disorders, less is known about psychosocial effects of such interventions. This aim of this study was to investigate the effect of workplace physical exercise on psychosocial factors among workers with chronic musculoskeletal pain.The trial design was a 2-armed parallel-group randomized controlled trial with allocation concealment. A total of 66 slaughterhouse workers (51 men and 15 women, mean age 45 years [standard deviation (SD) 10]) with upper limb chronic musculoskeletal pain were randomly allocated to group-based strength training (physical exercise group) or individual ergonomic training and education (reference group) for 10 weeks...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063213/obesity-coverage-gap-consumers-perceive-low-coverage-for-obesity-treatments-even-when-workplace-wellness-programs-target-bmi
#5
Elizabeth Ruth Wilson, Theodore K Kyle, Joseph F Nadglowski, Fatima Cody Stanford
OBJECTIVE: Evidence-based obesity treatments, such as bariatric surgery, are not considered essential health benefits under the Affordable Care Act. Employer-sponsored wellness programs with incentives based on biometric outcomes are allowed and often used despite mixed evidence regarding their effectiveness. This study examines consumers' perceptions of their coverage for obesity treatments and exposure to workplace wellness programs. METHODS: A total of 7,378 participants completed an online survey during 2015-2016...
January 7, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052164/sleep-disturbance-and-the-older-worker-findings-from-the-health-and-employment-after-fifty-study
#6
Keith T Palmer, Stefania D'Angelo, E Clare Harris, Cathy Linaker, Avan Aihie Sayer, Catharine R Gale, Maria Evandrou, Tjeerd van Staa, Cyrus Cooper, David Coggon
Objectives The aim of this study was to characterize the descriptive epidemiology of insomnia in midlife and explore the relative importance of different occupational risk factors for insomnia among older workers. Methods A questionnaire was mailed to all adults aged 50-64 years registered with 24 English general practices. Insomnia was defined as having at least one of four problems with sleep severely in the past three months. Subjects were also asked about employment conditions, feelings concerning work, and their health...
January 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032456/a-guide-to-workplace-based-assessments-for-the-new-facem-assessor
#7
Nigel Moore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2016: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026999/the-association-of-sleep-duration-and-morbid-obesity-in-a-working-population-the-baptist-health-south-florida-employee-study
#8
Muhammad Aziz, Chukwuemeka U Osondu, Adnan Younus, Rehan Malik, Maribeth Rouseff, Sankalp Das, Henry Guzman, Wasim Maziak, Salim Virani, Theodore Feldman, Arthur S Agatston, Emir Veledar, Ehimen C Aneni, Khurram Nasir
BACKGROUND: The current study aimed to determine the relationship between self-reported sleep duration and morbid obesity in an employee population. METHODS: Baptist Health South Florida conducts an annual Health Risk Assessment (HRA) for its employees. Data for this cross-sectional study was collected via this HRA in 2014, and included information on self-reported sleep duration, height and weight for body mass index (BMI), and other biometric measures. Average sleep duration was categorized as short sleep (<6 hr), optimal sleep (6-7...
December 27, 2016: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018535/mind-the-gap-the-prospects-of-missing-data
#9
Meghan McConnell, Jonathan Sherbino, Teresa M Chan
BACKGROUND : The increasing use of workplace-based assessments (WBAs) in competency-based medical education has led to large data sets that assess resident performance longitudinally. With large data sets, problems that arise from missing data are increasingly likely. OBJECTIVE : The purpose of this study is to examine (1) whether data are missing at random across various WBAs, and (2) the relationship between resident performance and the proportion of missing data...
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008006/the-associations-between-work-life-balance-behaviours-teamwork-climate-and-safety-climate-cross-sectional-survey-introducing-the-work-life-climate-scale-psychometric-properties-benchmarking-data-and-future-directions
#10
J Bryan Sexton, Stephanie P Schwartz, Whitney A Chadwick, Kyle J Rehder, Jonathan Bae, Joanna Bokovoy, Keith Doram, Wayne Sotile, Kathryn C Adair, Jochen Profit
BACKGROUND: Improving the resiliency of healthcare workers is a national imperative, driven in part by healthcare workers having minimal exposure to the skills and culture to achieve work-life balance (WLB). Regardless of current policies, healthcare workers feel compelled to work more and take less time to recover from work. Satisfaction with WLB has been measured, as has work-life conflict, but how frequently healthcare workers engage in specific WLB behaviours is rarely assessed. Measurement of behaviours may have advantages over measurement of perceptions; behaviours more accurately reflect WLB and can be targeted by leaders for improvement...
December 22, 2016: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003034/resistance-training-program-for-fatigue-management-in-the-workplace-exercise-protocol-in-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Hélio Gustavo Santos, Luciana Dias Chiavegato, Daniela Pereira Valentim, Patricia Rodrigues da Silva, Rosimeire Simprini Padula
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a multifactorial condition that leads to disease and loss in production, and it affects a large number of workers worldwide. This study aims to demonstrate a resistance exercise protocol that individuals will perform during the work schedule, and to evaluate the effectiveness of this exercises program for fatigue control. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a cluster randomized controlled trial with two arms and is assessor blinded. A total of 352 workers of both sexes, aged 18-65 years, from a medium-sized dairy plant were enrolled in this study...
December 22, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991472/modeling-signal-to-noise-ratio-of-otoacoustic-emissions-in-workers-exposed-to-different-industrial-noise-levels
#12
Parvin Nassiri, Sajad Zare, Mohammad R Monazzam, Akram Pourbakht, Kamal Azam, Taghi Golmohammadi
INTRODUCTION: Noise is considered as the most common cause of harmful physical effects in the workplace. A sound that is generated from within the inner ear is known as an otoacoustic emission (OAE). Distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) assess evoked emission and hearing capacity. The aim of this study was to assess the signal-to-noise ratio in different frequencies and at different times of the shift work in workers exposed to various levels of noise. It was also aimed to provide a statistical model for signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of OAEs in different frequencies based on the two variables of sound pressure level (SPL) and exposure time...
November 2016: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990466/workplace-based-assessment-of-communication-skills-a-pilot-project-addressing-feasibility-acceptance-and-reliability
#13
Simone Weyers, Iman Jemi, André Karger, Bianca Raski, Thomas Rotthoff, Michael Pentzek, Achim Mortsiefer
Background: Imparting communication skills has been given great importance in medical curricula. In addition to standardized assessments, students should communicate with real patients in actual clinical situations during workplace-based assessments and receive structured feedback on their performance. The aim of this project was to pilot a formative testing method for workplace-based assessment. Our investigation centered in particular on whether or not physicians view the method as feasible and how high acceptance is among students...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981755/student-perceptions-of-workplace-based-assessment
#14
Jason Ali, Aaron Goh
BACKGROUND: Workplace-based assessments (WBAs) have become integrated into postgraduate medical training, although there is much negativity from trainees. The objective of this study was to examine medical student understanding and perceptions towards WBAs. METHODS: A questionnaire was administered to final-year medical students at a single institution, examining experience, understanding and perceptions towards WBAs. Rating-scale responses were analysed by calculating positivity estimate values, and categorising data for subgroup comparison...
December 16, 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973913/graphic-support-resources-for-workers-with-intellectual-disability-engaged-in-office-tasks-a-comparison-with-verbal-instructions-from-a-work-mate
#15
María-Teresa Becerra, Manuel Montanero, Manuel Lucero
BACKGROUND: Research into workplace adjustments for people with disabilities is a fundamental challenge of supported employment. The aim of the present work is to investigate the effect of several graphic resources as natural support for workers with intellectual disability. METHODS: Two case studies were conducted to assess the performance of five workers engaged in office tasks, with three different support conditions. RESULTS: Results reveal a 20% increase in quality of performance of the tasks undertaken with graphic support as compared to support in which the participants received verbal instructions (VIs) from a work mate; and between 25 and 30% as compared to a control condition which included no help of any kind...
December 15, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965849/impact-of-sit-stand-desks-at-work-on-energy-expenditure-and-sedentary-time-protocol-for-a-feasibility-study
#16
Eleni Mantzari, Katrien Wijndaele, Soren Brage, Simon J Griffin, Theresa M Marteau
BACKGROUND: Prolonged sitting, an independent risk factor for disease development and premature mortality, is increasing in prevalence in high- and middle-income countries, with no signs of abating. Adults in such countries spend the largest proportion of their day in sedentary behaviour, most of which is accumulated at work. One promising method for reducing workplace sitting is the use of sit-stand desks. However, key uncertainties remain about this intervention, related to the quality of existing studies and a lack of focus on key outcomes, including energy expenditure...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965223/feasibility-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-for-surgical-intensive-care-unit-personnel
#17
Beth A Steinberg, Maryanna Klatt, Anne-Marie Duchemin
BACKGROUND: Surgical intensive care unit personnel are exposed to catastrophic situations as they care for seriously injured or ill patients. Few interventions have been developed to reduce the negative effects of work stress in this environment. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study evaluated the feasibility of a workplace intervention for increasing resilience to stress. The intervention was implemented within the unique constraints characteristic of surgical intensive care units...
December 2016: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941643/the-base-program-a-multidimensional-approach-for-health-promotion-in-companies
#18
Bettina Wollesen, Josefine Menzel, Heiko Lex, Klaus Mattes
Multidimensional assessments for conducting interventions are needed to achieve positive health effects within companies. BASE is an acronym, consisting of B = "Bedarfsbestimmung" (requirements); A = "Arbeitsplatzorganisation" (organisation of work); S = "Schulung des belastungsverträglichen Alltagshandelns" (coaching preventive behaviour at work); E = "Eigenverantwortung und Selbstwirksamkeit" (self-responsibility and self-efficacy). It is a prevention program designed to avoid and reduce work-related musculoskeletal diseases...
December 8, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925371/effective-visual-design-and-communication-practices-for-research-posters-exemplars-based-on-the-theory-and-practice-of-multimedia-learning-and-rhetoric
#19
Rhianna K Pedwell, James A Hardy, Susan L Rowland
Evidence shows that science graduates often do not have the communication skills they need to meet workplace standards and expectations. One common mode of science communication is the poster. In a review of the literature we show that poster design is historically problematic, and that the guidance provided to students as they create posters for assessment is frequently inconsistent. To address this inconsistency we provide some guiding design principles for posters that are grounded in communication theory and the fundamentals of rhetoric...
December 7, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925149/behavioural-interventions-to-promote-workers-use-of-respiratory-protective-equipment
#20
REVIEW
Bao Yen Luong Thanh, Malinee Laopaiboon, David Koh, Pornpun Sakunkoo, Hla Moe
BACKGROUND: Respiratory hazards are common in the workplace. Depending on the hazard and exposure, the health consequences may include: mild to life-threatening illnesses from infectious agents, acute effects ranging from respiratory irritation to chronic lung conditions, or even cancer from exposure to chemicals or toxins. Use of respiratory protective equipment (RPE) is an important preventive measure in many occupational settings. RPE only offers protection when worn properly, when removed safely and when it is either replaced or maintained regularly...
7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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