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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214382/allergic-contact-cheilitis-from-anethole-containing-toothpastes-a-practical-solution
#1
N Horst, J Leysen, T Mellaerts, J Lambert, O Aerts
In patients presenting with therapy-resistant cheilitis, especially when extending to the perioral skin, patch tests should be performed, even in longstanding cases(1-2) . A 55-year-old woman suffered from an oozing cheilitis for three months with erythema, edema and crusting of the lips and perioral skin (Fig. 1). An intra-oral burning sensation, loss of taste and a dry mouth were also present. Microbiological swabs and a blood analysis did not reveal any abnormalities, and the application of topical corticosteroids brought only temporary relief...
February 18, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213017/inactivation-of-salmonella-spp-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-staphylococcus-spp-or-listeria-monocytogenes-in-chicken-purge-or-skin-using-a-405-nm-led-array
#2
Christopher Sommers, Nereus W Gunther, Shiowshuh Sheen
Raw poultry are sometimes contaminated with foodborne pathogens, which can lead to illness in humans. In recent years research has focused on a variety of light technologies to decontaminate food and food contact surfaces during meat and poultry processing. In this study we evaluated the ability of 405-nm light generated from an LED array to inactivate multi-isolate cocktails of either Salmonella spp., pathogenic Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus spp., or Listeria monocytogenes suspended in chicken purge or skin...
June 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210555/breast-reconstruction-with-absorbable-mesh-sling-dynamic-infrared-thermography-of-skin-envelope
#3
Yoko Hashimoto, Naoki Watanabe, Takeshi Yuasa, Yoshinori Suzuki, Hiroshi Saisho
BACKGROUND: To immediate reconstruct ptosis breasts, we used polyglactin (Vicryl; Ethicon Inc., Somerville, NJ, USA) mesh as an inferolateral sling. However, Vicryl mesh is absorbable and losing function as a supporting structure. We doubt about the stability of the blood supply to the inferior part of the flap when it is in direct contact with inner implant. In this study, we examine the complications and the safety of the skin flap of this absorbable mesh sling (AMS) procedure. METHODS: The outcomes of 80 cases were examined, and the 1-year safety record of 40 cases was assessed...
February 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209048/waste-exposure-and-skin-diseases
#4
Matteo Megna, Maddalena Napolitano, Claudia Costa, Nicola Balato, Cataldo Patruno
Waste is a composite mixture of different substances including endotoxins, organic dust and bio-aerosol stuffed with micro-organisms, as well as various toxic organic and inorganic chemicals, which may be intrinsically hazardous to human health. Therefore, health risks may derive from direct or indirect contact with garbage. Although few epidemiological and clinical surveys investigated on the adverse effects of garbage exposure on human health, particularly regarding respiratory, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal and mucous membranes systems, only very limited data are available on the relationship between waste exposure and cutaneous diseases...
February 16, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208964/infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-in-infants-receiving-skin-to-skin-care-at-birth-follow-up-of-randomized-cohort
#5
Archana Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Dipen Vasudev Patel, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar, Vijay Karshanbhai Patel, Dhaval Nileshbhai Patel, Ajay Gajanan Phatak
INTRODUCTION: Skin to Skin Care (SSC) in neonatal period influences immediate breastfeeding outcomes in early childhood, especially the duration of exclusive breastfeeding. AIM: We investigated influence of 17 hours of SSC given from day one of life on Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) practices through one year of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Follow-up of a Superiority Randomized Control Trial (RCT) (CTRI/2013/06/003790) conducted in a teaching hospital located in central Gujarat...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205208/skin-to-skin-care-for-procedural-pain-in-neonates
#6
REVIEW
Celeste Johnston, Marsha Campbell-Yeo, Timothy Disher, Britney Benoit, Ananda Fernandes, David Streiner, Darlene Inglis, Rebekah Zee
BACKGROUND: Skin-to-skin care (SSC), often referred to as 'kangaroo care' (KC) due to its similarity with marsupial behaviour of ventral maternal-infant contact, is one non-pharmacological intervention for pain control in infants. OBJECTIVES: The primary objectives were to determine the effect of SSC alone on pain from medical or nursing procedures in neonates compared to no intervention, sucrose or other analgesics, or additions to simple SSC such as rocking; and to determine the effects of the amount of SSC (duration in minutes), method of administration (e...
February 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203266/occupational-contact-dermatitis-from-protein-in-sea-products-who-is-the-most-affected-the-fisherman-or-the-chef
#7
B Loddé, P Cros, A M Roguedas-Contios, R Pougnet, D Lucas, J D Dewitte, L Misery
BACKGROUND: Protein contact dermatitis has frequently been reported in case studies (usually in cases involving contact with seafood products), but there are very few descriptive series. The objectives of this present study were firstly to determine the incidence of protein contact dermatitis among fishermen in France and compare it with data from onshore work involving seafood exposure. Second, to discover what factors could explain any differences. In order to answer these questions we analysed data from the French national occupational disease surveillance and prevention network (RNV3P) and occupational diseases declared to the French National Network for Monitoring and Prevention of Occupational Disease...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198584/the-farming-environment-protects-mice-from-allergen-induced-skin-contact-hypersensitivity
#8
Christophe P Frossard, Vladimir Lazarevic, Nadia Gaïa, Stefano Leo, Camille Doras, Walid Habre, Jacques Schrenzel, Danielle Burger, Philippe A Eigenmann
BACKGROUND: Being born and raised in a farm provides a long-lasting protection for allergies. The microbial environment provided by farm animals is crucial to induce this protective effect, although underlying immune mechanisms remain elusive. OBJECTIVE: To establish a mouse model of global exposure to the farming environment and to study immunologic changes linked to protection of allergy. METHODS: Mice colonies were bred in parallel in a farm cowshed and the University animal facility (AF)...
February 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198343/-skin-to-skin-caesarean-section-a-hype-or-better-patient-care
#9
F J Korteweg, H D de Boer, J M van der Ploeg, H D Buiter, D P van der Ham
A caesarean section (CS) is one of the most common surgical procedures performed in the world, for which there are minimal variations in the surgical approach. During the last few years the "skin-to-skin" CS, also coined "natural" or "gentle" CS, is on the rise; parental participation, slow delivery and direct skin-to-skin contact are important aspects. Most Dutch hospitals offer some form of "skin-to-skin" CS but there are local differences in availability and performance of the procedure. Since 2011, the standard procedure in the Martini Hospital in Groningen is the "skin-to-skin" CS (for both elective and emergency CS, 24/7)...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198043/hospital-routines-promote-parent-infant-closeness-and-cause-separation-in-the-birthing-unit-in-the-first-2%C3%A2-hours-after-birth-a%C3%A2-pilot-study
#10
Hannakaisa Niela-Vilén, Nancy Feeley, Anna Axelin
BACKGROUND: Despite the evidence of multiple benefits of early skin-to-skin contact, it does not always happen and infants are separated from their parents because of different hospital practices. The aim of this study was to explore parent-infant closeness and separation, and which factors promote closeness or result in separation in the birthing unit in the first 2 hours after birth from the point of view of staff members. METHODS: This qualitative descriptive pilot study was conducted in one university hospital in Finland in December 2014...
February 15, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196712/ipomoea-pes-caprae-l-r-br-convolvulaceae-as-a-topical-herbal-medicine-to-relieve-pain-and-inflammation-promising-tool-against-effects-due-to-toxin-skin-contact
#11
Cristiane da Silva Barth, Hugo Guilherme Tolentino de Souza, Lilian W Rocha, Gislaine Francieli da Silva, Mariana Ferreira Dos Anjos, Veronica D'Avila Pastor, Tania Mari Belle Bresolin, Angelica Garcia Couto, José Roberto Santin, Nara Lins Meira Quintão
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ipomoea pes-caprae is known as bayhops, beach morning glory or goat's foot, and in Brazil as salsa-de-praia. Its leaves are used in worldwide folk medicine for the relief of jellyfish-stings symptoms. The literature only reports the anti-inflammatory and neutralizing effects of a nonpolar plant derived, without validating the popular use or exploring the mechanism of action. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to evaluate and validate the topical effects of a semisolid containing hydroethanolic extract obtained from the aerial parts of I...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196316/common-skin-conditions-in-children-neonatal-skin-lesions
#12
Brian Z Rayala, Dean S Morrell
Skin findings during the initial month of life are ubiquitous. One study estimated that more than 95% of newborns have cutaneous findings, which often are distressing to parents but frequently are benign and self-limited. Among them are milia, cutis marmorata, congenital dermal melanocytosis, and the benign neonatal pustular eruptions (eg, benign cephalic pustulosis, erythema toxicum neonatorum, transient neonatal pustular melanosis). Clinicians need to recognize these benign skin conditions and differentiate them from more serious conditions, such as infectious pustular eruptions from bacterial, viral, and fungal causes, and inflammatory conditions, such as Langerhans cell histiocytosis...
February 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194877/focused-breastfeeding-counselling-improves-short-and-long-term-success-in-an-early-discharge-setting-a-cluster-randomized-study
#13
Ingrid M S Nilsson, Katrine Strandberg-Larsen, Christopher H Knight, Anne Vinkel Hansen, Hanne Kronborg
Length of postnatal hospitalization has decreased and has been shown to be associated with infant nutritional problems and increase in readmissions. We aimed to evaluate if guidelines for breastfeeding counselling in an early discharge hospital setting had an effect on maternal breastfeeding self-efficacy, infant readmission and breastfeeding duration. A cluster randomized trial was conducted and assigned nine maternity settings in Denmark to intervention or usual care. Women were eligible if they expected a single infant, intended to breastfeed, were able to read Danish, and expected to be discharged within 50 hr postnatally...
February 14, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194446/knockin-mouse-with-mutant-g%C3%AE-11-mimics-human-inherited-hypocalcemia-and-is-rescued-by-pharmacologic-inhibitors
#14
Kelly L Roszko, Ruiye Bi, Caroline M Gorvin, Hans Bräuner-Osborne, Xiao-Feng Xiong, Asuka Inoue, Rajesh V Thakker, Kristian Strømgaard, Thomas Gardella, Michael Mannstadt
Heterotrimeric G proteins play critical roles in transducing extracellular signals generated by 7-transmembrane domain receptors. Somatic gain-of-function mutations in G protein α subunits are associated with a variety of diseases. Recently, we identified gain-of-function mutations in Gα11 in patients with autosomal-dominant hypocalcemia type 2 (ADH2), an inherited disorder of hypocalcemia, low parathyroid hormone (PTH), and hyperphosphatemia. We have generated knockin mice harboring the point mutation GNA11 c...
February 9, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194281/effects-of-father-neonate-skin-to-skin-contact-on-attachment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Er-Mei Chen, Meei-Ling Gau, Chieh-Yu Liu, Tzu-Ying Lee
This study examines how skin-to-skin contact between father and newborn affects the attachment relationship. A randomized controlled trial was conducted at a regional teaching hospital and a maternity clinic in northern Taiwan. The study recruited 83 first-time fathers aged 20 years or older. By block randomization, participants were allocated to an experimental (n = 41) or a control (n = 42) group. With the exception of skin-to-skin contact (SSC), participants from each group received the same standard care...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194084/civil-construction-work-the-unseen-contributor-to-the-occupational-and-global-disease-burden
#16
R Sitalakshmi, P Saikumar, P Jeyachandran, Manoharan, Thangavel, Jayakar Thomas
BACKGROUND: Construction industry is the second largest employment giving industry in India with many semi-skilled or unskilled workers taking up the occupation for livelihood without any training and proper guidance. AIM: To evaluate the pathogenic association of cement exposure to occupational contact dermatoses as evidenced by immune markers and to correlate their pulmonary functions with years of exposure to cement. SETTING AND DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among randomly selected cement workers...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192579/infectious-diseases-and-immunizations-in-international-adoption
#17
Emily Obringer, Linda Walsh
Children who are adopted internationally have an increased risk of infectious diseases due to endemic conditions and variable access to preventive health care, such as vaccines, in their country of origin. Pediatricians and other providers who care for children should be familiar with the recommended screening for newly arrived international adoptees. Testing for gastrointestinal pathogens, tuberculosis, hepatitis, syphilis, and HIV should be routinely performed. Other endemic diseases and common skin infections may need to be assessed...
February 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187837/influence-of-immediate-skin-to-skin-contact-during-cesarean-surgery-on-rate-of-transfer-of-newborns-to-nicu-for-observation
#18
REVIEW
Lindsay W Schneider, Jeannette T Crenshaw, Richard E Gilder
We conducted an evidence-based practice project to determine if skin-to-skin contact immediately after cesarean birth influenced the rate of transfer of newborns to the NICU for observation. We analyzed data for 5 years (2011 through 2015) and compared the rates for the period before implementation of skin-to-skin contact with rates for the period after. The proportion of newborns transferred to the NICU for observation was significantly different and lower after implementing skin-to-skin contact immediately after cesarean birth (Pearson's χ(2) = 32...
February 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186470/image-guidance-based-on-mri-for-spinal-interstitial-laser-thermotherapy-technical-aspects-and-accuracy
#19
Claudio E Tatsui, Clarissa N G Nascimento, Dima Suki, Behrang Amini, Jing Li, Amol J Ghia, Jonathan G Thomas, R Jason Stafford, Laurence D Rhines, Juan P Cata, Ashok J Kumar, Ganesh Rao
OBJECTIVE Image guidance for spinal procedures is based on 3D-fluoroscopy or CT, which provide poor visualization of soft tissues, including the spinal cord. To overcome this limitation, the authors developed a method to register intraoperative MRI (iMRI) of the spine into a neuronavigation system, allowing excellent visualization of the spinal cord. This novel technique improved the accuracy in the deployment of laser interstitial thermal therapy probes for the treatment of metastatic spinal cord compression...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186428/eosinophils-regulate-interferon-alpha-production-in-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cells-stimulated-with-components-of-neutrophil-extracellular-traps
#20
Joanna Skrzeczynska-Moncznik, Katarzyna Zabieglo, Jozef P Bossowski, Oktawia Osiecka, Agnieszka Wlodarczyk, Monika Kapinska-Mrowiecka, Mateusz Kwitniewski, Pawel Majewski, Adam Dubin, Joanna Cichy
Eosinophils constitute an important component of helminth immunity and are not only associated with various allergies but are also linked to autoinflammatory disorders, including the skin disease psoriasis. Here we demonstrate the functional relationship between eosinophils and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) as related to skin diseases. We previously showed that pDCs colocalize with neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) in psoriatic skin. Here we demonstrate that eosinophils are found in psoriatic skin near neutrophils and NETs, suggesting that pDC responses can be regulated by eosinophils...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
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