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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786679/-the-rationale-for-the-application-of-photomagnetic-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-dermatitis
#1
N I Schastnaya, V S Ulashchyk
BACKGROUND: in spite of the fact that photomagnetic therapy with the use of the FotoSPOK device (Magnomed Ltd., Belarus) is already used in the medical practice, the application of this method for the management of many diseases remains to be substantiated on the scientifically sound grounds. AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of photomagnetic therapy in the treatment of the local inflammatory process in the skin and to elaborate the rationale for the application of this technique in the treatment of contact dermatitis...
May 21, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785752/skin-lesions-over-the-pocket-area-that-may-mimic-cardiac-implantable-electronic-device-infection-a-case-series
#2
Panagiotis Korantzopoulos, Sofia Plakoutsi, Elizabeth Florou, Aris Bechlioulis
BACKGROUND: The early and correct diagnosis of cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) infections is critical given that early aggressive treatment with complete removal of the system along with antimicrobial therapy dramatically improves outcomes. Pocket infection manifested by local signs of inflammation is the most common form of CIED infections. Conditions mimicking pocket infection have been described in the literature. These include various types of malignancy and rarely allergic reactions/contact dermatitis to pacemaker compounds...
May 21, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783275/assessment-of-likelihood-ratio-for-four-contact-dermatitis-symptoms-of-vinca-minor
#3
Suman Bagchi, Chaturbhuja Nayak, Lex Rutten, Munmun Koley, Subhranil Saha, Mousumi Roy, Sk Jahir Abbas, Simantini Ghosh, Suman Halder, Ghulam Nabi Wani, Anaitulah Ahmad Mir, Showket Ahmad Bhat
BACKGROUND:  Contact dermatitis (CD) is a frequently occurring medical condition, for which Vinca minor (VM) is one of the recommended homeopathic medicines. However, the symptoms indicating this medicine have not yet been assessed systematically. Likelihood ratio (LR), based on Bayesian statistics, may yield better estimation of a medicine's indication than the existing method of entry of symptoms into materia medica and repertories. METHODS:  We investigated LRs of four CD symptoms of VM: (1) great sensitiveness of skin, with redness and soreness from slightest rubbing; (2) weeping eczema with foul, thick crusts; (3) itching amelioration in open air; and (4) CD of scalp...
May 21, 2018: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782495/molecular-immunological-and-neurophysiological-evaluations-for-early-diagnosis-of-neural-impairment-in-seropositive-leprosy-household-contacts
#4
Diogo Fernandes Dos Santos, Matheus Rocha Mendonça, Douglas Eulálio Antunes, Elaine Fávaro Pípi Sabino, Raquel Campos Pereira, Luiz Ricardo Goulart, Isabela Maria Bernardes Goulart
BACKGROUND: Household contacts constitute the highest risk group for leprosy development, and despite significant progress in the disease control, early diagnosis remains the primary goals for leprosy management programs. METHODS: We have recruited 175 seropositive and 35 seronegative household contacts from 2014 to 2016, who were subjected to an extensive protocol that included clinical, molecular (peripheral blood qPCR, slit-skin smear qPCR, skin biopsy qPCR) and electroneuromyographic evaluations...
May 21, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782439/the-positive-association-between-duration-of-skin-to-skin-contact-and-blood-glucose-level-in-full-term-infants
#5
Yuki Takahashi, Koji Tamakoshi
The aim of this study was to evaluate the contribution of the duration of skin-to-skin contact (SSC) on blood glucose levels at 2 hours after birth in healthy full-term infants. This observational study was done at one of the baby-friendly hospitals located in Aichi, Japan in 2009. Sixty newborn infants who were born vaginally from uncomplicated pregnancies were participated. All infants were held SSC within 5 minutes. All data regarding neonatal information, blood glucose levels at 2 hours of age, and maternal information were obtained from their medical history...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782308/activation-of-herpes-simplex-infection-after-tattoo
#6
Antigona Begolli Gerqari, Mybera Ferizi, Merita Kotori, Aferdita Daka, Syzana Hapciu, Ilir Begolli, Mirije Begolli, Idriz Gerqari
Tattooing is a procedure where ink is applied to an area of the skin, mostly intraepidermally (1). This procedure is carried out mainly for aesthetic purposes. Lately, it has been used as a corrective medical procedure following amputation of mammilla. The procedure is aggressive (2), and the fact that skin is punctured many times with the same needle which cannot be fully sterilized may cause infection of the treated area with bacterial, fungal, or viral agents that may lead to health consequences manifesting in the form of verrucae vulgaris, molluscum contagiosum, and herpes simplex...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782305/tatami-mats-a-source-of-pitted-keratolysis-in-a-martial-arts-athlete
#7
Anamaria Balić, Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Branka Marinović, Daniela Ledić Drvar
Dear Editor, Pitted keratolysis (PK), also known as keratosis plantaris sulcatum, is a non-inflammatory, bacterial, superficial cutaneous infection, characterized by many discrete superficial crateriform ''pits'' and erosions in the thickly keratinized skin of the weight-bearing regions of the soles of the feet (1). The disease often goes unnoticed by the patient, but when it is noticed it is because of the unbearable malodor and hyperhidrosis of the feet, which are socially unacceptable and cause great anxiety to many of the patients...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782298/orthopedic-and-cutaneous-reactions-to-nickel-after-total-hip-replacement
#8
Domagoj Delimar, Ivan Bohaček, Zrinjka Paštar, Jasna Lipozenčić
Implant degradation products have shown signs of a cutaneous allergic response after implantation of a metal orthopedic replacement, loosening and failure of the joints as well as skin rashes, general fatigue, pain, and impaired wounds and bone healing. The prevalence of contact skin sensitivity in patients with a joint replacement device is higher than that in the general population. This delayed hypersensitivity to metallic orthopedic implants is more clearly defined and is a contributing factor to implant failure...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782185/trends-in-maternity-care-practice-skin-to-skin-contact-indicators-united-states-2007-2015
#9
Ellen O Boundy, Cria G Perrine, Chloe M Barrera, Ruowei Li, Heather C Hamner
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant skin-to-skin contact (SSC) immediately after birth helps transition infants to the post-uterine environment and increases the likelihood of breastfeeding initiation and duration. This study examines trends in U.S. maternity practices related to SSC, and variations by facility demographics. METHODS: Data were from the Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care (mPINC) surveys (2007-2015), a biennial assessment of all U.S. maternity facilities...
May 21, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777949/evaluation-of-skin-or-sweat-characteristic-mrnas-for-inferring-the-human-origin-of-touched-contact-traces
#10
Tomoko Akutsu, Ken Watanabe, Ayari Takamura, Koichi Sakurada
The source of small amounts of touch DNA, which is transferred from the skin to an object when it is handled or touched, could be an issue in the forensic analysis of criminal cases. Here, we performed an extended evaluation of skin- or sweat-characteristic mRNAs to investigate their usability to infer whether an object has been handled or touched by someone. First, we compared the expression levels of candidate genes between skin swabs and other body fluids by quantitative RT-PCR analysis. Among the analyzed genes, corneodesmosin (CDSN), late cornified envelope 1C (LCE1C), filaggrin (FLG), desmocollin 1, and dermcidin were selected for further analysis on the basis of their specificities and sensitivities...
May 14, 2018: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769352/identifying-occupational-carcinogens-an-update-from-the-iarc-monographs
#11
REVIEW
Dana Loomis, Neela Guha, Amy L Hall, Kurt Straif
The recognition of occupational carcinogens is important for primary prevention, compensation and surveillance of exposed workers, as well as identifying causes of cancer in the general population. This study updates previously published lists of known occupational carcinogens while providing additional information on cancer type, exposure scenarios and routes, and discussing trends in the identification of carcinogens over time. Data were extracted from International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Monographs covering the years 1971-2017, using specific criteria to ensure occupational relevance and provide high confidence in the causality of observed exposure-disease associations...
May 16, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769160/cross-border-outbreak-of-extensively-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-linked-to-a-university-in-romania
#12
O Popovici, Ph Monk, D Chemtob, D Chiotan, P J Freidlin, R Groenheit, M Haanperä, D Homorodean, M Mansjö, E Robinson, E Rorman, G Smith, H Soini, M J Van Der Werf
Extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis (TB) poses a threat to public health due to its complicated, expensive and often unsuccessful treatment. A cluster of three XDR TB cases was detected among foreign medical students of a Romanian university. The contact investigations included tuberculin skin testing or interferon gamma release assay, chest X-ray, sputum smear microscopy, culture, drug susceptibility testing, genotyping and whole-genome sequencing (WGS), and were addressed to students, personnel of the university, family members or other close contacts of the cases...
May 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767917/puerperae-bonding-with-their-children-and-labor-experiences
#13
Lara Helk Souza, Zaida Aurora Sperli Geraldes Soler, Maria de Lourdes Sperli Geraldes Santos, Natália Sperli Geraldes Marin Dos Santos Sasaki
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the degree of bonding of puerperae with their babies, both in isolation and associated with experiences during and after labor. METHODS: A cross-sectional study carried out among 200 puerperae in São José do Rio Preto, Brazil. To evaluate the mother-child bond, we used the Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale (MIBS). RESULTS: The mean age of puerperae was 26.4 years; most women were white (60.0%), were married (87.5%), and had an elementary education (51...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766488/nanoemulsions-and-dermatological-diseases-contributions-and-therapeutic-advances
#14
REVIEW
Myla Lôbo de Souza, Douglas Dourado Oliveira, Neila de Paula Pereira, Denis Melo Soares
Skin disease is one of the most common human diseases and affects between 30% and 70% of individuals, which requires a lot of attention to their treatments. The delivery of active pharmacological ingredients at the topical level is a challenge because of the difficulties in overcoming the mechanical barrier created by the skin and reaching greater depths, since delivery specificities are decisive for the degree of effectiveness. In this way, the nanoemulsions emerge as a potential system for the incorporation of active substances in the cells and for the controlled release of active principles...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766368/systemic-contact-dermatitis
#15
REVIEW
Marcella Aquino, Greg Rosner
Systemic contact dermatitis (SCD) traditionally refers to a skin condition where an individual who is cutaneously sensitized to an allergen will subsequently react to that same allergen or a cross reacting allergen via a different route. It occurs to allergens including metals, medications, and foods. The exact pathophysiology underlying this disease remains unknown, although it appears to be mediated by type 4 hypersensitivity reactions and possibly type 3 hypersensitivity reactions. The p-I concept (pharmacologic interaction with immunoreceptors) hypothesized that drugs are able to bind directly to a T cell receptor without first being presented by MHC (major histocompatibility complex) molecules and without prior metabolism, which would help explain why SCD can be seen on first exposure to medications...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764376/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-emergency-department-patients-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#16
Muna Al Jalaf, Hanan Fadali, Rasha Alanee, Firas Najjar, Zulfa Al Deesi, Rania M Seliem, Eric J Nilles
BACKGROUND: Since the 1990s, community-associated methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) has emerged as an important global cause of skin and soft tissue infections. Little is known about the epidemiology of this pathogen in the Middle East. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study in a single large teaching hospital in Dubai to identify the incidence of community-acquired methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among ambulatory patients presenting with purulent skin and soft tissue infections...
May 15, 2018: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762654/testing-of-disposable-protective-garments-against-isocyanate-permeation-from-spray-polyurethane-foam-insulation
#17
Michael P Mellette, Dhimiter Bello, Yalong Xue, Michael Yost, Anila Bello, Susan Woskie
Background: Diisocyanates (isocyanates), including methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI), are the primary reactive components of spray polyurethane foam (SPF) insulation. They are potent immune sensitizers and a leading cause of occupational asthma. Skin exposure to isocyanates may lead to both irritant and allergic contact dermatitis and possibly contribute to systemic sensitization. More than sufficient evidence exists to justify the use of protective garments to minimize skin contact with aerosolized and raw isocyanate containing materials during SPF applications...
May 12, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761985/-design-and-implementation-of-hand-held-electrocardiogram-monitor
#18
Xiaowen Xu, Tianhan Li
A hand-held electrocardiogram (ECG) monitor with capacitive coupling is designed in this study that can rapidly detect ECG signals through clothing. This new device improves many deficiencies of the traditional ECG monitor, such as infection due to direct skin contacting, inconvenience, and time-consuming. In specificity, the hand-held ECG monitor consists of two parts, a sensor and an embedded terminal. ECG signals are initially detected by a sensing electrode placed on the chest through clothing, then treated by single ended differential amplification, filtering and master amplification, and later processed through A/D conversion and ECG signal transmission by CC2540 module...
December 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761329/bactericidal-and-virucidal-activity-of-povidone-iodine-and-chlorhexidine-gluconate-cleansers-in-an-in-vivo-hand-hygiene-clinical-simulation-study
#19
Maren Eggers, Torsten Koburger-Janssen, Lois S Ward, Craig Newby, Stefan Müller
INTRODUCTION: Standard in vitro and in vivo tests help demonstrate efficacy of hand hygiene products; however, there is no standard in vivo test method for viruses. We investigated the bactericidal and virucidal efficacy of povidone-iodine (PVP-I) 7.5% scalp and skin cleanser, chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) 4% hand cleanser and the reference hand wash (soft soap) in 15 healthy volunteers following European Standard EN1499 (hygienic hand wash test method for bacteria), which was adapted for virucidal testing...
May 14, 2018: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759849/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-the-effects-are-more-than-skin-deep
#20
Carol E Muenks, Whitney C Sewell, Patrick G Hogan, Ryley M Thompson, David G Ross, Jeffrey W Wang, John J Morelli, Sarah J Gehlert, Stephanie A Fritz
OBJECTIVES: To assess the psychosocial effects of a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) diagnosis on the households of children with MRSA skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI). STUDY DESIGN: We constructed and administered an interview to the primary caregiver within the home of a child with a history of MRSA SSTI. RESULTS: Seventy-six households were enrolled. Survey responses were analyzed and grouped into 4 themes: health behavior changes, disclosure, social interactions, and knowledge/awareness...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
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