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LIPIDS, NUTRITION, PRETERM

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30252854/human-milk-enriched-with-human-milk-lyophilisate-for-feeding-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants-a-preclinical-experimental-study-focusing-on-fatty-acid-profile
#1
Vanessa S Bomfim, Alceu A Jordão, Larissa G Alves, Francisco E Martinez, José Simon Camelo
BACKGROUND: Human milk, with essential nutrients and long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) such as the omega 3 and 6 fatty acids is important for development of the central nervous system and the retina in very low birth weight infants (<1,500 g). However, breast milk may not be sufficient to meet these needs. The possibility of supplementing breast milk with a lyophilisate of human milk was explored in this study. The objectives of this study were to determine the total lipid content and the lipid profile of the Human Milk on Baseline (HMB) and that of the Concentrates with the Human Milk + lyophilisate (with lyophilisate of milk in the immediate period (HMCI), at 3 months (HMC3m), and at 6 months (HMC6m) of storage)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30194786/the-role-of-human-breast-milk-on-biological-metabolism-in-infants
#2
Hiromichi Shoji, Toshiaki Shimizu
The metabolic changes that occur during the postnatal weaning period appear to be particularly important for future health, and human breast milk is considered to provide the optimal source of nutrition for infants. Our previous studies examined the effect of feeding type on antioxidative properties, glucose and insulin metabolism, the lipid profile, metabolomics, and prostaglandin (PG) metabolism in term and preterm infants. Levels of a urinary marker of oxidative DNA damage (8-OHdG) were significantly lower in breast-fed term and preterm infants than those in formula-fed infants...
September 8, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187918/plasma-phytosterol-half-life-and-levels-are-increased-in-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants-with-parenteral-nutrition-associated-cholestasis
#3
Alessio Correani, Azzurra Pignotti, Luisita Marinelli, Chiara Biagetti, Rita D'Ascenzo, Luca Vedovelli, Giovanna Verlato, Paola Cogo, Marco B L Rocchi, Virgilio P Carnielli
Parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC) has been linked to plasma accumulation of phytosterols in infants receiving vegetable-oil-based lipid emulsions (LE). To date, information on the ability of infants with PNAC to metabolize intravenous (IV) phytosterols has been very limited. We characterized plasma phytosterol half-life in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants with PNAC. As part of a prospective cohort study, VLBW infants with PNAC underwent serial blood sample measurements of sitosterol (Sito), campesterol (Camp), and stigmasterol (Stigma)...
July 2018: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30177465/effects-of-two-different-lipid-emulsions-on-antioxidant-status-lipid-peroxidation-and-parenteral-nutrition-related-cholestasis-in-premature-babies-a-randomized-controlled-study
#4
Hacer Yapicioglu Yildizdas, Burak Poyraz, Guluzar Atli, Yasar Sertdemir, Kurthan Mert, Ferda Ozlu, Mehmet Satar
BACKGROUND: Olive oil-soybean oil (OO/SO) based lipid emulsions (LE) lack ω-3 PUFAs eicosapentaenoic acid -EPA and docosahexaenoic acid- DHA, which have clinical benefits on inflammatory processes. Fish oil based LEs are good sources of DHA and EPA. Fish oil, MCT, Olive oil and Soya oil (FMOS) lipid is one of the fish oil containing LEs supplemented with high levels of α-tocopherol and lower levels of phytosterol compared to OO/SO lipid emulsions. We investigated the effects of OO/SO and FMOS lipid preparations on cholestasis, levels of antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation...
August 2, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168868/lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-for-maternal-birth-and-infant-developmental-outcomes
#5
REVIEW
Jai K Das, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Rehana A Salam, Afsah Zulfiqar Bhutta, Nancy G Valenzuela-Rubio, Zita Weise Prinzo, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Ready-to-use lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) are a highly nutrient-dense supplement, which could be a good source of macro- and micronutrients for pregnant women who need to supplement their nutrient intake. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of LNS for maternal, birth and infant outcomes in pregnant women. Secondary objectives were to explore the most appropriate composition, frequency and duration of LNS administration. SEARCH METHODS: In May 2018, we searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, 22 other databases and two trials registers for any published and ongoing studies...
August 31, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30139361/fish-oil-based-lipid-emulsion-in-the-treatment-of-parenteral-nutrition-associated-cholestasis
#6
Simonetta Costa, Rossella Iannotta, Luca Maggio, Giovanni Barone, Francesca Serrao, Giovanni Vento
BACKGROUND: Parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC) is a serious complication in preterm infants receiving prolonged parenteral nutrition. Soybean lipid emulsion (SLE) seems to have a role in its pathogenesis, whereas fish oil-based emulsion (FOLE) seems to be able to reverse cholestasis. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a FOLE in reversing PNAC. METHODS: The effectiveness in reversing PNAC was evaluated in prospective cohort study of very preterm infants when compared to historical controls: twenty-six infants (27...
August 23, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29995634/a-prospective-analysis-of-intake-and-composition-of-mother-s-own-milk-in-preterm-newborns-less-than-32-weeks-gestational-age
#7
Marta Cabrera Lafuente, M Teresa Montes Bueno, Natividad Pastrana, Cristina Segovia, Rosario Madero Jarabo, Camilia R Martin, Felix Omeñaca Teres, Miguel Sáenz de Pipaón Marcos
BACKGROUND: Mothers of preterm (PT) infants have difficulty providing adequate quantities of human milk (HM) for their babies during their hospital stay. The macronutrient content in HM changes over time, varying across and within individual mothers. Research aim: To describe the intake of mothers' own milk (MOM) and its composition according to gestational (GA) and postnatal age (PNA) in infants born <32 weeks' GA and to correlate them with neonatal weight, length and morbidities...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29959842/a-systematic-review-about-prophylactic-l-carnitine-administration-in-parenteral-nutrition-of-extremely-preterm-infants
#8
Alba Salguero Olid, Germán Blanco Sánchez, Almudena Alonso Ojembarrena
OBJECTIVE: Preterm infants with total parenteral nutrition are at particular risk of developing carnitine deficiency with impaired tolerance of parenteral lipids. The  objective was to review the scientific literature on potencial benefits of  prophylactic L-carnitine administration in parenteral nutrition of preterm  newborns. METHODS: Selected scientific articles in MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, The Cochrane Library, British Library EThOS and TESEO databases were assessed for this  systematic review...
July 1, 2018: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29941233/intravenous-fish-oil-containing-lipid-emulsion-attenuates-inflammatory-cytokines-and-the-development-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-very-premature-infants-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Chien-Chou Hsiao, Hung-Chih Lin, Yu-Jun Chang, Shih-Pan Yang, Lon-Yen Tsao, Cheng-Han Lee, Hsiao-Neng Chen, Jia-Yuh Chen, Yi-Giien Tsai
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Preterm infants have lower levels of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs). Supplementing very premature infants with intravenous lipid emulsions that fish oil, which is rich in n-3 LC-PUFAs, may decrease bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) by modulating inflammation and neonatal immune function. METHODS: Sixty very low birth weight (VLBW) premature infants requiring ventilator support were randomized in a double-blind manner to 2 groups and received total parenteral nutrition with fish oil containing LE (intervention group, n = 30) or soybean oil containing LE (control group, n = 30) for 7 days...
June 18, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768640/lipoprotein-profile-modifications-during-gestation-a-current-approach-to-cardiovascular-risk-surrogate-markers-and-maternal-fetal-unit-complications
#10
Ana Paula Caires Dos Santos, Ricardo David Couto
Several changes occur in lipid metabolism during gestation due to hormonal and metabolic changes, which are essential to satisfy the nutritional demands of the maternal-fetal unit development. The gestation shows two distinct periods that begin with fat accumulation, mainly in maternal adipose tissue, and the late phase, characterized by accelerated catabolism, with the increase of fatty acids in the circulation that causes hyperlipidemia, especially the one characterized as hypertriglyceridemia. Maternal hyperlipidemia may be associated with the development of maternal-fetal complications (preterm birth, preeclampsia, vascular complications) and the development of long-term cardiovascular disease...
May 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505664/higher-versus-lower-amino-acid-intake-in-parenteral-nutrition-for-newborn-infants
#11
REVIEW
David A Osborn, Tim Schindler, Lisa J Jones, John Kh Sinn, Srinivas Bolisetty
BACKGROUND: Sick newborn and preterm infants frequently are not able to be fed enterally, necessitating parenteral fluid and nutrition. Potential benefits of higher parenteral amino acid (AA) intake for improved nitrogen balance, growth, and infant health may be outweighed by the infant's ability to utilise high intake of parenteral AA, especially in the days after birth. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective is to determine whether higher versus lower intake of parenteral AA is associated with improved growth and disability-free survival in newborn infants receiving parenteral nutrition...
March 5, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445923/inpatient-outcomes-of-preterm-infants-receiving-%C3%AF-3-enriched-lipid-emulsion-smoflipid-an-observational-study
#12
Nalin Choudhary, Kenneth Tan, Atul Malhotra
Neonatal units have started to switch from using conventional soy-based to alternate lipid emulsions, like SMOFlipid. SMOFlipid has been associated with an improvement in biochemical parameters and delays progression of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD). This retrospective epoch study aimed to compare clinically relevant neonatal outcomes in preterm infants (< 32 weeks), receiving SMOFlipid versus Intralipid. We compared clinical outcomes in two epochs-epoch 1 (Intralipid, October 2013-June 2015) versus epoch 2 (SMOFlipid, July 2015-March 2017)...
May 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440285/nutrient-intake-in-the-first-two-weeks-of-life-and-brain-growth-in-preterm-neonates
#13
Juliane Schneider, Céline J Fischer Fumeaux, Emma G Duerden, Ting Guo, Justin Foong, Myriam Bickle Graz, Patric Hagmann, M Mallar Chakravarty, Petra S Hüppi, Lydie Beauport, Anita C Truttmann, Steven P Miller
BACKGROUND: Optimizing early nutritional intake in preterm neonates may promote brain health and neurodevelopment through enhanced brain maturation. Our objectives were (1) to determine the association of energy and macronutrient intake in the first 2 weeks of life with regional and total brain growth and white matter (WM) maturation, assessed by 3 serial MRI scans in preterm neonates; (2) to examine how critical illness modifies this association; and (3) to investigate the relationship with neurodevelopmental outcomes...
February 13, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393261/body-composition-following-necrotising-enterocolitis-in-preterm-infants
#14
Christoph Binder, Nicholas Longford, Chris Gale, Neena Modi, Sabita Uthaya
BACKGROUND: The optimal nutritional regimen for preterm infants, including those that develop necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective here was to evaluate body composition at term in infants following NEC, in comparison with healthy infants. The primary outcome measure was non-adipose tissue mass (non-ATM). METHODS: We compared body composition assessed by magnetic resonance imaging at term in infants born <31 weeks of gestational age that participated in NEON, a trial comparing incremental versus immediate delivery of parenteral amino acids on non-ATM, and SMOF versus intralipid on intrahepatocellular lipid content...
2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298359/compatibility-of-intravenous-ibuprofen-with-lipids-and-parenteral-nutrition-for-use-as-a-continuous-infusion
#15
Jowell Garcia, Alka Garg, Yunmei Song, Ambados Fotios, Chad Andersen, Sanjay Garg
There is increasing interest to administer ibuprofen as a continuous infusion instead of a traditional bolus for treating Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA). However, its compatibility data with commonly used drugs in the neonatal period, including parenteral nutrition (PN) and lipids is unavailable. The aim is to determine the compatibility of intravenous ibuprofen lysine with various ANZNN parenteral nutrition consensus group standard neonatal PN formulations and lipids. The PN and lipid solutions used in a tertiary neonatal unit were obtained...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286927/carnitine-deficiency-in-preterm-infants-a-national-survey-of-knowledge-and-practices
#16
M A Clark, R E K Stein, Ellen J Silver, Sabeen Khalid, M Fuloria, N V Esteban-Cruciani
OBJECTIVE: Lipid supplementation improves developmental outcomes in preterm infants. Carnitine is essential for lipid metabolism; however, despite high risk for carnitine deficiency, there are no standards for carnitine supplementation in preterm infants receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Our objective was to assess knowledge, beliefs and practices regarding preterm carnitine deficiency and supplementation among neonatal practitioners. METHODS: Cross-sectional electronic survey administered via a nationally representative listserv of neonatal practitioners...
2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240511/meeting-the-nutritional-needs-of-premature-babies-their-future-is-in-our-hands
#17
Arieh Riskin
The goals of early nutrition in preterm infants are to provide all the necessary vital nutrients, achieve extra-uterine growth rates similar to fetuses of the same gestational age, and support functional neurodevelopmental outcomes that are comparable to those of infants born at term. It is vital to provide nutrition that will maximally support brain growth and development, but over-feeding with accelerated growth, fat accumulation and long-term metabolic consequences should also be avoided. Because the morbidity associated with prematurity increases nutritional and energetic demands, the basic approach is of providing early intensive nutrition...
December 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176758/early-optimal-parenteral-nutrition-and-metabolic-acidosis-in-very-preterm-infants
#18
Francesco Bonsante, Jean-Bernard Gouyon, Pierre-Yves Robillard, Béatrice Gouyon, Silvia Iacobelli
BACKGROUND: It is currently recognized that an optimized nutritional approach, consisting of an early and substantial supply of protein and energy by parenteral route, may be beneficial for very low birth weight infants and recent guidelines endorse this strategy. However, the impact of the enhanced parenteral nutrition (PN) on acid-basic balance has never been investigated. The aim of the present study is to assess the effect of nutrient intake on acid-base homeostasis in a large population of preterm infants on PN...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131014/early-nutrition-and-growth-until-the-corrected-age-of-2-years-in-extremely-preterm-infants
#19
Henni Hiltunen, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Erika Isolauri, Samuli Rautava
BACKGROUND: Extremely preterm birth is associated with a high risk of extrauterine growth retardation, which has been linked with adverse developmental outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether nutritional management during the first 7 days of life affects growth patterns until the corrected age of 2 years in extremely preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of 78 extremely preterm (<28 weeks' gestation) neonates was conducted...
2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130703/nutritional-practices-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-national-survey
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Miguel Sáenz de Pipaón, Ricardo Closa, María Gormaz, Marcos Linés, Eduardo Narbona, Gerardo Rodríguez-Martínez, José Uberos, Carlos Zozaya, María L Couce
BACKGROUND: Significant efforts have been made to improve the nutritional support of very preterm infants. Large surveys may help to know the nutritional practices for preterm infants in neonatal units and identify if they are in line with the current guidelines. METHODS: A multicentre nationwide web-based survey on clinical feeding practices in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants was conducted in tertiary neonatal hospitals that admit infants with a birth weight < 1,500 g and/or a gestational age of < 32 weeks...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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