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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741805/magnetic-non-invasive-acupuncture-for-infant-comfort-magnific-a-single-blinded-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#1
Kerry L Chen, Kwee Bee Lindrea, Im Quah-Smith, Georg M Schmölzer, Mary Daly, Timothy Schindler, Ju Lee Oei
AIM: To determine the safety and feasibility of auricular non-invasive magnetic acupuncture (MA) to decrease infant pain during heel pricks. METHODS: Infants requiring heel pricks for blood collection were randomized to either MA (n=21) or placebo (P) (n=19) after parental informed consent. MA or placebo stickers were placed on both ears according to the Battlefield Protocol by an unblinded investigator and left on for 3 days. Pain was assessed with the Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP) by blinded clinicians...
July 25, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740412/prevalence-of-diabetes-and-obesity-in-association-with-prematurity-and-growth-restriction
#2
REVIEW
Gretchen Kopec, Prem S Shekhawat, Maroun J Mhanna
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is when fetuses and newborn infants have not reached their true growth potential as genetically defined. Fetuses with IUGR develop in a less than ideal environment that leads to epigenetic changes and marks infants' metabolism for the rest of their lives. Epigenetic changes affect insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels and lead to insulin resistance and ultimately to a metabolic syndrome. The metabolic syndrome is a constellation of illnesses that raise one's risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, and ischemic heart disease, including hypertension, dyslipidemia, central obesity, insulin resistance, and inflammation...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739634/management-of-severe-hypertension-in-the-newborn
#3
REVIEW
Janis M Dionne, Joseph T Flynn
Blood pressure is considered a vital sign, as values too low or too high can be related with serious morbidity and mortality. In neonates, normal blood pressure values undergo rapid changes, especially in premature infants, making the recognition of abnormal blood pressures more challenging. Severe hypertension can occur in neonates and infants and is a medical emergency, often manifesting with congestive heart failure or other life-threatening complications. The cause or risk factors for the hypertension can usually be identified and may guide management...
July 24, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738709/nebulized-hypertonic-saline-to-prevent-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-premature-infants-a-randomized-trial
#4
Zahra Ezzeldin, Yasmeen Mansi, Mervat Gaber, Rania Zakaria, Rehab Fawzy, Mohamed A Mohamed
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) is a leading cause of death. Nebulized hypertonic saline solution (HSS) has been used to improve pulmonary clearance and reduce infection in intubated patients. This study examines whether nebulized HSS may reduce VAP in intubated premature infants. METHODS: We analyzed results of 100 intubated premature infants who completed the study. Infants were divided into the "Control" group where VAP prevention protocol was implemented and the "Intervention" group where nebulized HSS twice daily was added to the package of care...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738706/relationship-between-premature-brain-injury-and-multiple-biomarkers-in-cord-blood-and-amniotic-fluid
#5
Hongyan Lu, Weiling Huang, Xiaoqing Chen, Qiuxia Wang, Qiang Zhang, Ming Chang
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between premature brain injury and multiple biomarkers in cord blood and amniotic fluid, identify potential biomarkers for early monitoring of premature brain injury. METHODS: 130 cases of singleton premature infants with gestational age less than 34 weeks were evaluated. Based on brain imaging examination, all cases were divided into brain injury group and no brain injury group. Eleven biomarkers in cord blood and amniotic fluid were measured...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738475/-trend-of-caesarean-section-rate-and-puerpera-characteristics-based-on-robson-classification
#6
J X Wang, H Q Sun, K Huang, X F Zheng, F B Tao
Objective: To analyze the trend in caesarean section rate and puerpera characteristics in hospital, and provide valuable information for maternal and child health policy making and clinical practice. Methods: A total of 12 041 women who delivered in the affiliated Chaohu Hospital of Anhui Medical University from October 1, 2010 to September 30, 2016 were selected. Based on Robson classification system, changes in the rate of caesarean delivery as well as its relationship with two-child policy and infant sex ratio were analyzed...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738027/n-terminal-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-urinary-concentrations-and-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#7
Christoph Bührer, Ömer Erdeve, Anton van Kaam, Angelika Berger, Evelyn Lechner, Benjamin Bar-Oz, Karel Allegaert, Tom Stiris, İstemi Han Çelik, Janet Berrington
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To validate findings of a single-center pilot study showing elevated urinary N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide (NTproBNP) concentrations in preterm infants subsequently developing severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a multicenter setting across 8 European and Middle East countries. METHODS: Prospective observational study in 967 preterm infants<30 weeks gestational age assessing the capacity of urinary NTproBNP on day of life (DOL) 14 and 28 to predict ROP requiring treatment...
July 24, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737862/neonatal-mortality-in-argentina-situation-analysis-from-2005-to-2014
#8
Juliana Z Finkelstein, Mariana Duhau, María L Fasola, Paola Escobar
INTRODUCTION: Neonatal mortality (NM) refers to deaths occurring between birth and 27 days of life. This component of infant mortality has shown the least reduction over the past 50 years. The objective of this study was to analyze the course and characteristics of NM in Argentina. POPULATION AND METHODS: This was a descriptive, ecological study of NM in Argentina conducted between 2005 and 2014 to analyze its course, causes, and the relevance of prematurity and a low birth weight...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737759/outcome-of-universal-newborn-eye-screening-with-wide-field-digital-retinal-image-acquisition-system-a-pilot-study
#9
P Goyal, T R Padhi, T Das, L Pradhan, S Sutar, S Butola, U C Behera, L Jain, S Jalali
PurposeTo evaluate the outcome of universal newborn eye screening with wide-field digital retinal imaging (WFDRI) system.MethodsIn this pilot study, we examined 1152 apparently healthy newborn infants in the obstetrics and gynecology ward of a civil hospital in Eastern India over 1.5 years. The examination included external eye examination, red reflex test and fundus imaging by WFDRI (RetCam II, Clarity medical system, Pleasanton, CA, USA) by a trained optometrist. The pathologies detected, net monetary gain and skilled manpower saved were documented...
July 24, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737142/prevention-and-treatment-of-vitamin-d-and-calcium-deficiency-in-children-and-adolescents-indian-academy-of-pediatrics-iap-guidelines
#10
Anuradha Khadilkar, Vaman Khadilkar, Jagdish Chinnappa, Narendra Rathi, Rajesh Khadgawat, S Balasubramanian, Bakul Parekh, Pramod Jog
JUSTIFICATION: Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is being increasingly reported from India from all age-groups. Reports suggest that VDD affects all age groups, from neonates to adolescents. Further, habitually low calcium intakes are also reported in Indian children. Given the multiple guidelines, peculiarities of Indian circumstances, changing lifestyles, and lack of fortification, the Indian Academy of Pediatrics (IAP) felt the need for a Practice Guideline for Pediatricians for the prevention and treatment of vitamin D and calcium deficiency in children and adolescents...
July 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736177/the-analgesic-effect-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-to-reduce-procedural-pain-in-preterm-neonates
#11
Kao-Hsian Hsieh, Shu-Jen Chen, Pei-Chen Tsao, Chih-Chien Wang, Ching-Feng Huang, Chien-Ming Lin, Ya-Ling Chou, Wei-Yu Chen, I-Ching Chan
BACKGROUND: Painful procedures are unavoidable in the medical care of preterm babies. The unpleasant experience during the neonatal period may contribute to hyperalgesia and poor neurodevelopment outcome later. Seeking effective interventions to reduce pain are strongly indicated for these very small premature babies. The aim of this study is to investigate if instilling breast milk (BM) or dextrose water into oral cavity can reduce the procedural pain of heel stick for preterm babies...
July 11, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735557/long-term-effects-of-prematurity-cumulative-medical-risk-and-proximal-and-distal-social-forces-on-individual-differences-in-diurnal-cortisol-at-young-adulthood
#12
Suzy B Winchester, Mary C Sullivan, Mary B Roberts, Crystal I Bryce, Douglas A Granger
This study examined the effects of prematurity, cumulative medical risk, and proximal and distal social forces on individual differences in the activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in young adulthood. A prospective sample of 149 infants born healthy preterm (PT; n = 22), sick PT ( n = 93, medical illness, neurological illness, small for gestational age), and full term ( n = 34) was recruited from a Level III neonatal intensive care unit in southern New England between 1985 and 1989 and followed to age 23 years...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735381/characterization-of-the-sensorimotor-rhythm-in-4-month-old-infants-born-at-term-and-premature
#13
Milene Roca-Stappung, Minerva Moguel-González, Thalía Fernández, Thalía Harmony, Omar Mendoza-Montoya, José Luis Marroquín, Salvador Ruiz-Correa, Lourdes Díaz-Comas, Gloria Otero-Ojeda
The sensorimotor rhythm (SMR) is an electroencephalographic rhythm associated with motor and cognitive development observed in the central brain regions during wakefulness in the absence of movement, and it reacts contralaterally to generalized and hemibody movements. The purpose of this work was to characterize the SMR of 4-month-old infants, born either healthy at term or prematurely with periventricular leukomalacia (PVL). Two groups of infants were formed: healthy and premature with PVL. Their electroencephalograms (EEGs) were recorded in four conditions: rest, free movement, right-hand grasping and left-hand grasping, in order to explore general reactivity to free movement and contralateral reactivity in hand-grasping conditions...
July 22, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733681/gestational-age-specific-sex-difference-in-mortality-and-morbidities-of-preterm-infants-a-nationwide-study
#14
So-Yeon Shim, Su Jin Cho, Kyoung Ae Kong, Eun Ae Park
This study aims to determine whether male sex has adverse effect on mortality and morbidities in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI) <30 weeks of gestation and to ascertain this sex effect, stratified by gestational age, adjusting for perinatal risk factors. This is a population-based study from Korean Neonatal Network for VLBWI born at 23(+0) and 29(+6) weeks of gestation between January 2013 and December 2014. The primary outcome was gestation-specific sex difference in the occurrence of mortality, combined morbidities, and individual morbidity...
July 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729888/social-brain-circuitry-and-social-cognition-in-infants-born-preterm
#15
REVIEW
Angela Fenoglio, Michael K Georgieff, Jed T Elison
Preterm birth is associated with an increased risk of adverse neurologic, psychiatric, and cognitive outcomes. The brain circuits involved in processing social information are critical to all of these domains, but little work has been done to examine whether and how these circuits may be especially sensitive to prematurity. This paper contains a brief summary of some of the cognitive, psychiatric, and social outcomes associated with prematurity, followed by a description of findings from the modest body of research into social-cognitive development in infants and children born preterm...
2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729852/towards-better-understanding-of-the-pathogenesis-of-neuronal-respiratory-network-in-sudden-perinatal-death
#16
REVIEW
Riffat Mehboob, Mahvish Kabir, Naseer Ahmed, Fridoon Jawad Ahmad
Sudden perinatal death that includes the victims of sudden infant death syndrome, sudden intrauterine death syndrome, and stillbirth are heartbreaking events in the life of parents. Most of the studies about sudden perinatal death were reported from Italy, highlighting two main etiological factors: prone sleeping position and smoking. Other probable contributory factors are prematurity, male gender, lack of breastfeeding, respiratory tract infections, use of pacifiers, infant botulism, extensive use of pesticides and insecticides, etc...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729176/infant-nephrolithiasis-and-nephrocalcinosis-natural-history-and-predictors-of-surgical-intervention
#17
Veridiana Andrioli, Kerri Highmore, Michael P Leonard, Luis A Guerra, Kenneth Tang, Jennifer Vethamuthu, Victoria Meyers, Katrina J Sullivan, Melise A Keays
INTRODUCTION: Renal stone disease diagnosed in the first year of life is relatively uncommon. While risk factors such as low birth weight, furosemide exposure, and metabolic disorders are well established, there exists little information regarding resolution rates and need for surgical intervention. Our study objective was to evaluate urolithiasis and renal calcification resolution rates, time to resolution, and need for surgical intervention in children diagnosed in their first year of life...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728761/predictors-of-co-occurring-neurodevelopmental-disabilities-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#18
Lauren Head Zauche, Ashley E Darcy Mahoney, Melinda K Higgins
PURPOSE: Co-occurring neurodevelopmental disabilities (including cognitive and language delays and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) affect over half of children with ASD and may affect later behavioral, language, and cognitive outcomes beyond the ASD diagnosis. However, no studies have examined predictors of co-occurring neurodevelopmental disabilities in children with ASD. This study investigated whether maternal sociodemographic, perinatal and neonatal factors are associated with co-occurring disabilities...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728548/social-brain-circuitry-and-social-cognition-in-infants-born-preterm
#19
REVIEW
Angela Fenoglio, Michael K Georgieff, Jed T Elison
Preterm birth is associated with an increased risk of adverse neurologic, psychiatric, and cognitive outcomes. The brain circuits involved in processing social information are critical to all of these domains, but little work has been done to examine whether and how these circuits may be especially sensitive to prematurity. This paper contains a brief summary of some of the cognitive, psychiatric, and social outcomes associated with prematurity, followed by a description of findings from the modest body of research into social-cognitive development in infants and children born preterm...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728176/the-epidemiology-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-the-united-states
#20
Cassie A Ludwig, Tiffany A Chen, Tina Hernandez-Boussard, Andrew A Moshfeghi, Darius M Moshfeghi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a leading cause of blindness in premature and low birth weight infants. Here, the authors examine the incidence of ROP in the United States and evaluate risk factors associated with ROP development. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The National Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kids' Inpatient Database was queried for all newborns with and without ROP. Adjusted odds ratios were constructed for predictors of ROP using multivariate logistic regression modeling...
July 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
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