keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Compliance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926576/receptor-for-advanced-glycation-end-products-and-world-trade-center-particulate-induced-lung-function-loss-a-case-cohort-study-and-murine-model-of-acute-particulate-exposure
#1
Erin J Caraher, Sophia Kwon, Syed H Haider, George Crowley, Audrey Lee, Minah Ebrahim, Liqun Zhang, Lung-Chi Chen, Terry Gordon, Mengling Liu, David J Prezant, Ann Marie Schmidt, Anna Nolan
World Trade Center-particulate matter(WTC-PM) exposure and metabolic-risk are associated with WTC-Lung Injury(WTC-LI). The receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) is most highly expressed in the lung, mediates metabolic risk, and single-nucleotide polymorphisms at the AGER-locus predict forced expiratory volume(FEV). Our objectives were to test the hypotheses that RAGE is a biomarker of WTC-LI in the FDNY-cohort and that loss of RAGE in a murine model would protect against acute PM-induced lung disease...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926391/medical-team-training-improves-team-performance-aoa-critical-issues
#2
James E Carpenter, James P Bagian, Rebecca G Snider, Kyle J Jeray
Effective teamwork and communication can decrease medical errors in environments where the culture of safety is enhanced. Health care can benefit from programs that are based on teamwork, as in other high-stress industries (e.g., aviation), with crew resource management programs, simulator use, and utilization of checklists. Medical team training (MTT) with a strong leadership commitment was used at our institution to focus specifically on creating open, yet structured, communication in operating rooms. Training included the 3 phases of the World Health Organization protocol to organize communication and briefings: preoperative verification, preincision briefing, and debriefing at or near the end of the surgical case...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926281/e-learning-to-improve-healthcare-professionals-attitudes-and-practices-on-breastfeeding
#3
Sofia Colaceci, Angela Giusti, Elise M Chapin, Maria Enrica Bettinelli, Alessia De Angelis, Francesca Zambri, Ercole Vellone, Rosaria Alvaro, Barbara De Mei
INTRODUCTION: Breastfeeding training has a crucial role in increasing healthcare professionals' attitudes and in improving professional support for breastfeeding. The collaboration between the Italian National Institute of Health, UNICEF, and the Local Health Authority of Milan has led to the development of an online course on lactation and infant feeding practices. AIM: To assess if the course was effective in improving healthcare professionals' attitudes and practices (APs)...
September 19, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926018/assessing-the-extent-and-use-of-risk-analysis-methodologies-in-africa-using-data-derived-from-the-performance-of-veterinary-services-pvs-pathway
#4
P Bastiaensen, D Abernethy, E Etter
African countries that wish to export are increasingly faced with import risk assessments from importing countries concerned about the sources of their imported goods. Other risk analysis methodologies and approaches are also employed, which focus on animal and human health within countries and communities. Based on an analysis of evaluations conducted by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), using the Performance of Veterinary Services Tool, the authors attempt to define current practice in Africa and degrees of compliance with the World Trade Organization Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures ('SPS Agreement') and OIE standards...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926008/the-economic-efficiency-and-equity-of-government-policies-on-brucellosis-comparative-insights-from-albania-and-the-united-states-of-america
#5
D Peck, M Bruce
Brucellosis is a zoonotic bacterial disease that causes recurring febrile illness in humans, as well as reproductive failure and reduced milk production in livestock. The cost of brucellosis is equal to the sum of lost productivity of humans and animals, as well as private and public expenditures on brucellosis surveillance, prevention, control and treatment. In Albania, Brucella abortus and B. melitensis affect humans, cattle and small ruminants. In the United States, B. abortus affects cattle and wild ungulates in the Greater Yellowstone Area...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925949/a-generic-compliance-modeling-method-for-two-axis-elliptical-arc-filleted-flexure-hinges
#6
Lijian Li, Dan Zhang, Sheng Guo, Haibo Qu
As a kind of important flexible joint, two-axis flexure hinges can realize in-plane and out-of-plane motions and can be used for constructing flexure-based spatial compliant mechanisms. The paper introduces a common two-axis elliptical-arc-filleted flexure hinge that is generated by two different elliptical-arc-filleted cutout profiles and that provides some new hinge types. The analytical compliance equations of both half-segments of the two-axis elliptical-arc flexure hinges are firstly formulated, and then, based on a generic compliance modeling method of a flexure serial chain, the closed-form compliance and precision matrices of two-axis elliptical-arc-filleted flexure hinges are established and validated by the finite element method...
September 19, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925560/apremilast-in-psoriasis-a-prospective-real-world-study
#7
I Vujic, R Herman, M Sanlorenzo, C Posch, B Monshi, K Rappersberger, L Richter
BACKGROUND: Apremilast is a novel oral phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor approved for psoriasis treatment. Randomized trials have documented its efficacy and safety, but data on real-world patients are scarce. OBJECTIVES: We aim to characterize psoriasis patients treated with apremilast in a real-world setting and calculate drug survival as an important measure of efficacy and compliance. METHODS: All psoriasis patients that received apremilast between April 1(st) 2015 and January 19(th) 2017 were evaluated every 4 weeks and we documented: age, weight, height, smoking status, family history of psoriasis, joint involvement, previous treatments, psoriasis area severity index (PASI) scores, and the onset and duration of adverse events (AE)...
September 19, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925498/electronic-diary-for-recording-headaches-triggers-and-medication-use-development-and-evaluation
#8
Siavash Bandarian-Balooch, Paul R Martin, Brenton McNally, Arissa Brunelli, Sharon Mackenzie
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an e-diary developed for measuring headaches, triggers, and medication consumption, in terms of reliability and validity, and variables such as ease of use and participant compliance. BACKGROUND: For many decades, behavioral treatment of headaches has been evaluated via participants completing paper diaries recording their headaches and associated phenomena. There is some limited evidence supporting the reliability and validity of paper diaries, and criticisms have been offered such as the large amount of effort involved for both participants and researchers...
September 19, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924742/characterization-of-pm2-5-in-delhi-role-and-impact-of-secondary-aerosol-burning-of-biomass-and-municipal-solid-waste-and-crustal-matter
#9
Pavan K Nagar, Dhirendra Singh, Mukesh Sharma, Anil Kumar, Viney P Aneja, Mohan P George, Nigam Agarwal, Sheo P Shukla
Delhi is one among the highly air polluted cities in the world. Absence of causal relationship between emitting sources of PM2.5 and their impact has resulted in inadequate actions. This research combines a set of innovative and state-of-the-art analytical techniques to establish relative predominance of PM2.5 sources. Air quality sampling at six sites in summer and winter for 40 days (at each site) showed alarmingly high PM2.5 concentrations (340 ± 135 μg/m(3)). The collected PM2.5 was subjected to chemical speciation including ions, metals, organic and elemental carbons which followed application of chemical mass balance technique for source apportionment...
September 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924696/guidelines-for-quality-control-of-pet-ct-scans-in-a-multicenter-clinical-study
#10
Ivalina Hristova, Ronald Boellaard, Paul Galette, Lalitha K Shankar, Yan Liu, Sigrid Stroobants, Otto S Hoekstra, Wim J G Oyen
To date, there is no published detailed checklist with parameters referencing the DICOM tag information with respect to the quality control (QC) of PET/CT scans. The aims of these guidelines are to provide the know-how for effectively controlling the quality of PET/CT scans in multicenter studies, to standardize the QC, to give sponsors and regulatory agencies a basis for justification of the data quality when using standardized uptake values as an imaging biomarker, to document the compliance with the imaging guidelines, to verify the per protocol population versus intent to treat population, and to safeguard the validity of multicenter study conclusions employing standardized uptake value (SUV) as an imaging biomarker which is paramount to the scientific community...
September 18, 2017: EJNMMI Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924076/third-and-fourth-heart-sounds-and-myocardial-fibrosis-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#11
Yoshimi Sato, Tatsuya Kawasaki, Sakiko Honda, Kuniyasu Harimoto, Shigeyuki Miki, Tadaaki Kamitani, Hirokazu Shiraishi, Satoaki Matoba
BACKGROUND: The 4th heart sound (S4) is commonly heard in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The 3rd heart sound (S3) is also audible in HCM patients regardless of the presence or absence of heart failure. These extra heart sounds may be associated with myocardial fibrosis because myocardial fibrosis has been suggested to affect left ventricular compliance.Methods and Results:The present retrospective study evaluated 53 consecutive HCM patients with sinus rhythm who had no symptoms of heart failure and underwent an initial assessment including phonocardiography, echocardiography, and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
September 16, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923555/effects-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-infection-on-arterial-stiffness
#12
Chang-Hua Chou, Chin-Shan Ho, Wei-Chuan Tsai, Ming-Cheng Wang, Yau-Sheng Tsai, Ju-Yi Chen
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with increased arterial stiffness. Although chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection was shown to be associated with metabolic disorder and chronic inflammation, the effects of chronic HCV infection on arterial stiffness remain unclear. This study recruited 221 patients including 32 normal controls, 72 NAFLD patients, and 117 subjects with HCV infection. Arterial stiffness was assessed by peripheral arterial stiffness index, Compliance Index (CI), and central arterial stiffness index, Stiffness Index derived from digital volume pulse by photoplethysmography...
August 26, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923291/use-of-prohibited-medication-a-potentially-overlooked-confounder-in-clinical-trials-omarigliptin-once-weekly-dpp-4-inhibitor-monotherapy-trial-in-18-to-45-year-olds
#13
Ira Gantz, Liubov Sokolova, Lokesh Jain, Carol Iredale, Edward A O'Neill, Ziwen Wei, Raymond Lam, Shailaja Suryawanshi, Keith D Kaufman, Samuel S Engel, Eseng Lai
PURPOSE: The objective of this clinical trial was to assess the efficacy and safety of omarigliptin monotherapy in young adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Unexpected efficacy results in this trial led to a series of investigations that identified the use of prohibited medication by a substantial number of trial patients. METHODS: Patients with T2DM who were ≥18 to <45 years of age and either drug-naive or not on an antihyperglycemic agent for ≥12 weeks with inadequate glycemic control were randomized in a double-blind manner to receive omarigliptin 25 mg once weekly (n = 102) or placebo once weekly (n = 101) for 24 weeks...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923044/cost-benefit-of-investment-on-quality-in-pharmaceutical-manufacturing-who-gmp-pre-and-post-certification-of-a-nigerian-pharmaceutical-manufacturer
#14
Chimezie Anyakora, Obinna Ekwunife, Faith Alozie, Mopa Esuga, Jonathan Ukwuru, Steve Onya, Jude Nwokike
BACKGROUND: Pharmaceutical companies in Africa need to invest in both facilities and quality management systems to achieve good manufacturing practice (GMP) compliance. Compliance to international GMP standards is important to the attainment of World Health Organization (WHO) prequalification. However, most of the local pharmaceutical manufacturing companies may be deterred from investing in quality because of many reasons, ranging from financial constraints to technical capacity. This paper primarily evaluates benefits against the cost of investing in GMP, using a Nigerian pharmaceutical company, Chi Pharmaceuticals Limited, as a case study...
September 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922959/compliance-to-the-primary-health-care-treatment-guidelines-and-the-essential-medicines-list-in-the-management-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-correctional-centres-in-south-africa-findings-and-implications
#15
Tammy B Matsitse, Elvera Helberg, Johanna C Meyer, Brian Godman, Amos Massele, Natalie Schellack
BACKGROUND: The emergence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global concern and a growing health crisis. Additionally, evidence has shown that non-compliance to treatment guidelines, especially in the management of communicable diseases such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs), has the potential of further enhancing AMR rates. Data on the extent of these challenges in Primary Health Care (PHC) facilities in correctional centres in South Africa (SA) is limited. Hence this study was conducted to determine the level of compliance with the 2008 PHC Standard Treatment Guidelines and Essential Medicines List (PHC STGs/EML) in the management of STIs, and to identify potential factors contributing to the compliance and non-compliance to guide future strategies...
September 19, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922931/an-exploratory-decision-tree-analysis-to-predict-physical-activity-compliance-rates-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#16
Raheem J Paxton, Lingfeng Zhang, Changshuai Wei, Daniel Price, Fan Zhang, Kerry S Courneya, Ioannis A Kakadiaris
BACKGROUND: The study of physical activity in cancer survivors has been limited to one cause, one effect relationships. In this exploratory study, we used recursive partitioning to examine multiple correlates that influence physical activity compliance rates in cancer survivors. METHODS: African American breast cancer survivors (N = 267, Mean age = 54 years) participated in an online survey that examined correlates of physical activity. Recursive partitioning (RP) was used to examine complex and nonlinear associations between sociodemographic, medical, cancer-related, theoretical, and quality of life indicators...
September 19, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922706/functional-outcome-of-low-rectal-resection-evaluated-by-anorectal-manometry
#17
Peter Ihnát, Petr Vávra, Jiří Prokop, Anton Pelikán, Lucia Ihnát Rudinská, Igor Penka
BACKGROUND: Low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) covers disordered bowel function after rectal resection, leading to deterioration in patients' quality of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate anorectal function after laparoscopic low anterior resection (LAR) by means of standardized instruments. METHODS: This was a prospective clinical cohort study conducted in a single institution to assess functional outcome of patients 1 year after laparoscopic LAR by means of LARS score and high-resolution anorectal manometry...
September 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922433/bismuth-based-quadruple-therapy-following-h-pylori-eradication-failures-a-multicenter-study-in-clinical-practice
#18
Angelo Zullo, Vincenzo De Francesco, Annamaria Bellesia, Roberto Vassallo, Audenzio D'Angelo, Giuseppe Scaccianoce, Rodolfo Sacco, Giampaolo Bresci, Annarita Eramo, Anna Tanzilli, Lorenzo Ridola, Domenico Alvaro, Claudio Londoni, Gianfranco Brambilla, Raffaele Manta, Agostino Di Ciaula, Piero Portincasa
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication in patients who failed one or more therapeutic attempts remains challenging. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of three-in-one capsules bismuth-based quadruple therapy (Pylera®) in these patients managed in clinical practice. METHODS: This was a prospective, open-label, multicenter study enrolling consecutive, adult patients with persistent H. pylori infection following at least one standard therapy...
September 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922133/aligning-event-logs-to-task-time-matrix-clinical-pathways-in-bpmn-for-variance-analysis
#19
Hui Yan, Pieter Van Gorp, Uzay Kaymak, Xudong Lu, Lei Ji, Choo Chiap Chiau, Hendriks H M Korsten, Huilong Duan
Clinical pathways (CPs) are popular healthcare management tools to standardise care and ensure quality. Analysing CP compliance levels and variances is known to be useful for training and CP redesign purposes. Flexible semantics of the Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN) language has been shown to be useful for the modeling and analysis of complex protocols. However, in practical cases one may want to exploit that CPs often have the form of Task-Time matrices. This paper presents a new method parsing complex BPMN models and aligning traces to the models heuristically...
September 18, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922107/colonic-perforation-a-medical-complication
#20
Christopher Parsons, Elizabeth Chan, Richard P T Evans, Moustafa Mabrouk Mourad, Edmund Leung
Hypothyroidism is a common comorbidity that on acute presentation is often overlooked. It can be an easily managed condition; however non-compliance can have severe consequences. In the presented case it was requirement for emergency surgery that resulted in stoma formation. This case is a first example of the need to include patient's decision making process with regards to medication adherence in the setting of chronic disease.
2017: Prague Medical Report
keyword
keyword
1643
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"