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Speech pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668026/nicu-graduates-the-role-of-the-allied-health-team-in-follow-up
#1
Jane L Orton, Joy E Olsen, Katherine Ong, Rochelle Lester, Alicia J Spittle
Infants who graduate from the neonatal intensive care unit, including those infants born preterm and/or with brain injury, are at increased risk of long-term neurodevelopmental impairments. The developmental allied health team, consisting of physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech pathology, is crucial in early evaluation of gross motor, fine motor, feeding, and language development. Surveillance of neurodevelopment in the first year of life is essential to ensure early detection of specific developmental delays and impairments, and to ensure timely referral for early intervention...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658795/an-update-and-systematic-review-on-drug-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-refractory-chronic-cough
#2
Nicole M Ryan, Anne E Vertigan, Surinder S Birring
Chronic Cough (CC) is common and often associated with significant comorbidity and decreased quality of life. In up to 50% of cases, the cough is refractory despite extensive investigation and treatment trials. It is likely that the key abnormality in refractory CC is dysfunctional, hypersensitive sensory nerves, similar to conditions such as laryngeal hypersensitivity and neuropathic pain. Areas covered: The aim of this systematic review is to assess drug therapies for refractory CC. The authors review the current management of CC and provide discussion of the similarities between neuropathic pain and refractory CC...
April 16, 2018: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621796/laying-a-firm-foundation-embedding-evidence-based-emergent-literacy-practices-into-early-intervention-and-preschool-environments
#3
Pamela Terrell, Maggie Watson
Purpose: As part of this clinical forum on curriculum-based intervention, the goal of this tutorial is to share research about the importance of language and literacy foundations in natural environments during emergent literacy skill development, from infancy through preschool. Following an overview of intervention models in schools by Powell (2018), best practices at home, in child care, and in preschool settings are discussed. Speech-language pathologists in these settings will be provided a toolbox of best emergent literacy practices...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618124/microsurgical-resection-of-a-large-intraventricular-trigonal-tumor-3-dimensional-operative-video
#4
Chun-Yu Cheng, Rakshith Shetty, Laligam N Sekhar
A 62-yr-old woman presented with incidentally detected left trigonal mass by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed during workup for left-sided hearing loss and vertigo of 5-yr duration. Due to persistent dizziness, headache, and progressive enlargement of the tumor in follow-up scans, operation was planned. Because the tumor extended superiorly, a superior parietal lobule approach was selected.She underwent a left parietal craniotomy. A strip electrode was used to localize the motor and sensory regions, and neuronavigation was used to confirm the entry site...
March 30, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614891/aphasia-and-reperfusion-therapies-in-hyper-acute-settings-a-scoping-review
#5
Victoria Jones, Emma Finch, Anna Copley
PURPOSE: Reperfusion therapies are medical treatments that restore blood flow either by surgical removal of a blood clot or with medications that dissolve clots. The introduction of reperfusion therapies has the potential to change the presentation of aphasia following acute ischaemic stroke (AIS). This scoping study will explore the relationship between aphasia and reperfusion therapies from a speech-language pathology perspective. METHOD: A systematic literature search was performed on studies published up until October 2016...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614233/the-effect-of-speech-language-pathology-students-on-clinician-time-use-and-activity
#6
Elizabeth Bourne, Lindy McAllister, Srivalli Nagarajan, Kate Short
PURPOSE: This prospective study investigated the impact of supervising students on public health speech-language pathologists' (SLPs) time and patient activity levels in order to broaden evidence in the profession. METHOD: Thirty-four SLPs supervising students collected data profiling their time use and activity during the first, middle and penultimate placement week. They also collected data for a week when not supervising students. Pre- and post-placement surveys were used to supplement quantitative data with additional information such as clinician and student experience levels...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610898/-to-be-quite-honest-if-it-wasn-t-for-videogames-i-wouldn-t-have-a-social-life-at-all-motivations-of-young-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-for-playing-videogames-as-leisure
#7
Erinn H Finke, Benjamin D Hickerson, Jennifer M D Kremkow
Purpose: Leisure activities are underutilized as a context for intervention in the field of speech-language pathology despite the fact that leisure can be an important context for skill development. The current study investigated the perceptions of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who play videogames as their primary leisure activity regarding the role of videogames in their lives and their motivations for playing videogames. Method: Qualitative interview methodology was used to investigate the experiences of 10 18-24-year-olds with ASD...
April 2, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600406/-selective-mutism
#8
J Rogoll, M Petzold, A Ströhle
Selective mutism was first described in the medical literature 140 years ago. The diagnosis came into the focus of adult psychiatry with the appearance of DSM-5. Henceforth, selective mutism during infancy, adolescence and also adulthood is specified as an independent anxiety disorder. It often begins in early childhood with a kind of speechlessness in certain situations. A diagnostic clarification often only takes place after school enrolment. Very often comorbid anxiety disorders, especially social phobia and depression also occur...
March 29, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598838/hidden-hearing-loss-and-endbulbs-of-held-evidence-for-central-pathology-before-detection-of-abr-threshold-increases
#9
Michael A Muniak, Femi E Ayeni, David K Ryugo
Reductions in sound-evoked activity in the auditory nerve due to hearing loss have been shown to cause pathological changes in central auditory structures. Hearing loss due strictly to the aging process are less well documented. In this study of CBA/CaH mice, we provide evidence for age-related pathology in the endbulb of Held, a large axosomatic ending arising from myelinated auditory nerve fibers. Endbulbs are known to be involved in the processing of temporal cues used for sound localization and speech comprehension...
March 20, 2018: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569990/molecular-neuroimaging-in-primary-progressive-aphasia-with-predominant-agraphia
#10
Rene L Utianski, Joseph R Duffy, Rodolfo Savica, Jennifer L Whitwell, Mary M Machulda, Keith A Josephs
A 62-year-old male presented with progressive isolated writing and spelling difficulties. Neurological, neuropsychological, speech, and language evaluations identified only minimal additional abnormalities. The presenting characteristics did not meet criteria for any particular variant of primary progressive aphasia; his clinical presentation is best described as primary progressive aphasia, with a predominant, almost pure agraphia. Brain MRI showed asymmetric, bilateral parenchymal volume loss, with left hippocampal atrophy...
March 23, 2018: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567464/parent-perspectives-on-the-clinician-client-relationship-in-speech-language-treatment-for-children
#11
Kerry Danahy Ebert
Few studies have explored clinician-client relationships in speech-language treatment for children, although evidence indicates that these relationships may be important. Parents play a unique role in clinician-client relationships and their views have yet to be considered in the speech-language pathology literature. This study explored parents' perspectives on the clinician-client relationship in speech-language treatment for children using both quantitative and qualitative information. An online survey collected responses from 159 parents with children enrolled in speech-language services...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566043/diagnosis-of-aphasia-in-stroke-populations-a-systematic-review-of-language-tests
#12
Alexia Rohde, Linda Worrall, Erin Godecke, Robyn O'Halloran, Anna Farrell, Margaret Massey
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Accurate aphasia diagnosis is important in stroke care. A wide range of language tests are available and include informal assessments, tests developed by healthcare institutions and commercially published tests available for purchase in pre-packaged kits. The psychometrics of these tests are often reported online or within the purchased test manuals, not the peer-reviewed literature, therefore the diagnostic capabilities of these measures have not been systematically evaluated...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536107/training-students-to-evaluate-preterm-infant-feeding-safety-using-a-video-recorded-patient-simulation-approach
#13
Neina F Ferguson, Julie M Estis
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if brief video-recorded patient simulation training increased students' ability to assess feeding skills in preterm infants. Method: Baccalaureate-level nursing students (N = 52) and graduate-level speech-language pathology students (N = 42) were randomized to 1 of 2 groups: didactic training (N = 51) or didactic training plus video simulation (N = 43). Outcome measures included knowledge test scores, calculated clinical judgment scores, and clinical marker documentation accuracy...
March 9, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535598/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-cerebral-syphilitic-gumma-a-report-of-three-cases
#14
Xuefei Shao, Di Qiang, Yinhua Liu, Quan Yuan, Jin Tao, Bihua Ji
Cerebral syphilitic gumma is very rare and is often pathologically confirmed following surgery. This study reports three patients with cerebral syphilitic gumma. The first case was a 62-year-old man who was admitted to our hospital due to speech arrest for 10 hours. Head MRI showed a nodular signal shadow with a significant enhancement and a significant centerline shift. He subsequently received surgery, and cerebral syphilitic gumma was confirmed by postoperative pathology. The second patient was a 66-year-old man who was admitted to our hospital due to complaints of gradually decreasing right eye vision and headache for nearly 50 days...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513872/prevalence-of-communication-swallowing-and-orofacial-myofunctional-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-at-the-time-of-admission-at-a-cancer-hospital
#15
Kaliani Lima Coça, Anke Bergmann, Sima Ferman, Elisabete Carrara de Angelis, Márcia Gonçalves Ribeiro
PURPOSE: Describe the prevalence of communication, swallowing and orofacial myofunctional disorders in a group of children and adolescents at the time of registration at a cancer hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted with children aged ≥2 and adolescents, of both genders, admitted to the Pediatric Oncology Section of the Instituto Nacional de Câncer José de Alencar Gomes da Silva (INCA) from March 2014 to April 2015 for investigation and/or treatment of solid tumors...
March 1, 2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513866/video-feedback-for-families-of-hearing-impaired-children
#16
Ingrid Rafaella Dantas Dos Santos, Joseli Soares Brazorotto
In order to improve speech-language development in children with hearing impairment, in addition to speech-language therapy, the family should be the modifying agent for a satisfactory therapeutic response. Studies that analyze the effectiveness of speech-language pathology (SLP) intervention programs through video feedback are important, given the positive effects of this tool on the modification of behaviors with families of children with disabilities. Therefore, it is believed that video feedback interventions contribute improve the communicative interactions between the families and children assisted by auditory rehabilitation services...
March 5, 2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497830/screening-for-dysphagia-in-adult-patients-with-stroke-assessing-the-accuracy-of-informal-detection
#17
Victoria Sherman, Heather Flowers, Moira K Kapral, Gordon Nicholson, Frank Silver, Rosemary Martino
Early identification of dysphagia by screening is recommended best practice for patients admitted to hospital with acute stroke. Screening can reduce the risk of pneumonia and promote stroke recovery, yet some institutions do not utilize a formal screening protocol. This study assessed the accuracy of informal dysphagia detection prior to implementation of a formal screening protocol. We conducted a secondary analysis of data captured between 2003 and 2008 from a sample of 250 adult stroke survivors admitted to a tertiary care centre...
March 1, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497818/-18-f-av-1451-uptake-in-corticobasal-syndrome-the-influence-of-beta-amyloid-and-clinical-presentation
#18
F Ali, J L Whitwell, P R Martin, M L Senjem, D S Knopman, C R Jack, V J Lowe, R C Petersen, B F Boeve, K A Josephs
Corticobasal syndrome (CBS) is a phenotypic manifestation of diverse pathologies, including Alzheimer's disease and 4-repeat tauopathies. Predicting pathology in CBS is unreliable and, hence, molecular neuroimaging may prove to be useful. The aim of this study was to assess regional patterns of uptake on [18 F] AV-1451 PET in CBS and determine whether patterns of uptake differ according to beta-amyloid deposition or differing clinical presentations. Fourteen patients meeting criteria for CBS underwent Pittsburgh Compound B (PiB) and [18 F] AV-1451 PET...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494321/clinical-practice-guideline-hoarseness-dysphonia-update
#19
Robert J Stachler, David O Francis, Seth R Schwartz, Cecelia C Damask, German P Digoy, Helene J Krouse, Scott J McCoy, Daniel R Ouellette, Rita R Patel, Charles Charlie W Reavis, Libby J Smith, Marshall Smith, Steven W Strode, Peak Woo, Lorraine C Nnacheta
Objective This guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on treating patients who present with dysphonia, which is characterized by altered vocal quality, pitch, loudness, or vocal effort that impairs communication and/or quality of life. Dysphonia affects nearly one-third of the population at some point in its life. This guideline applies to all age groups evaluated in a setting where dysphonia would be identified or managed. It is intended for all clinicians who are likely to diagnose and treat patients with dysphonia...
March 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494316/clinical-practice-guideline-hoarseness-dysphonia-update-executive-summary
#20
Robert J Stachler, David O Francis, Seth R Schwartz, Cecelia C Damask, German P Digoy, Helene J Krouse, Scott J McCoy, Daniel R Ouellette, Rita R Patel, Charles Charlie W Reavis, Libby J Smith, Marshall Smith, Steven W Strode, Peak Woo, Lorraine C Nnacheta
Objective This guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on treating patients presenting with dysphonia, which is characterized by altered vocal quality, pitch, loudness, or vocal effort that impairs communication and/or quality of life. Dysphonia affects nearly one-third of the population at some point in its life. This guideline applies to all age groups evaluated in a setting where dysphonia would be identified or managed. It is intended for all clinicians who are likely to diagnose and treat patients with dysphonia...
March 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
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