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Speech pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894448/neurologic-outcomes-after-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-a-systematic-review
#1
Katharine Boyle, Ryan Felling, Alvin Yiu, Wejdan Battarjee, Jamie McElrath Schwartz, Cynthia Salorio, Melania M Bembea
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this systematic review of the literature was to summarize neurologic outcomes following neonatal and pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. DATA SOURCES: We conducted electronic searches of PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL, Cochrane, and EMBASE. STUDY SELECTION: Inclusion criteria included publication dates 2000-2016, patient ages 0-18 years, and use of standardized measures to evaluate outcomes after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation...
June 11, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879051/coexistence-of-myasthenia-gravis-and-lambert-eaton-myasthenic-syndrome-in-a-small-cell-lung-cancer-patient-a-case-report
#2
Rui Jia, Jinbo Chen, Ruli Ge, Qi Zheng, Fang Chen, Zhonghua Zhao
RATIONALE: Myasthenia gravis (MG) and Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) are both neuromuscular junction diseases, and some controversy exists whether the 2 diseases occur at the same time. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case that a patient with presentation of acetylcholine receptor (AChR) antibody positive MG and LEMS associated with small cell lung cancer (SCLC). DIAGNOSES: The patient firstly suffered from fluctuant symptoms, including slurred speech, double eyelid ptosis, and weakness of limbs...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873101/a-scoping-review-to-explore-how-universal-design-for-learning-is-described-and-implemented-by-rehabilitation-health-professionals-in-school-settings
#3
REVIEW
J Kennedy, C Missiuna, N Pollock, S Wu, J Yost, W Campbell
BACKGROUND: Universal design for learning (UDL) is a framework that provides guidelines to support children with diverse needs in the classroom and promotes inclusion of all children. Although UDL is recognized as a promising approach for school-based rehabilitation health professionals (RHPs), there are no studies that synthesize evidence on the use of UDL by RHPs in the school setting. Therefore, the research question for this study is: How is UDL described and implemented in school settings by RHPs? This study specifically examined literature from occupational therapy, physiotherapy, and speech-language pathology...
June 5, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868692/an-interprofessional-education-initiative-for-allied-health-students-preparing-to-serve-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#4
Brenda L Beverly, Donna Wooster
The need for effective services for persons with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is driving efforts to better prepare teams of allied health professionals. To address this need, an interprofessional graduate course was piloted with students from three allied health professions: physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech-language pathology. The course aims were to address knowledge and competency in the field of ASD and to promote interprofessional abilities during entry-level preparation. Nine graduate students participated in weekly on-line education and attended a day-long autism conference with local practitioners from seven different professions...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865958/innovations-actively-shaping-speech-language-pathology-evidence-based-practice
#5
Kathryn Crowe, Sarah Masso, Suzanne Hopf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863691/-the-experience-of-using-cellex-in-treatment-of-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke
#6
I A Gaponenko, E V Bakhareva, Z M Zolotareva, G I Zuev, A S Rozhdestvenskiy
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the combination of cellex with basic therapy in patients with ischemic stroke in the acute stage. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An analytical prospective, randomized, simple, blind study included 52 patients with ischemic stroke. The main group of patients (n=26) was treated with basic therapy, which included hypotensive drugs, antiaggregants or anticoagulants depending on the concomitant pathology as well as vascular medications...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846393/effects-of-electrostimulation-associated-with-masticatory-training-in-individuals-with-down-syndrome
#7
Denilma Lígia da Silva Alves Pinheiro, Giorvan Ânderson Dos Santos Alves, Fernanda Magda Montenegro Fausto, Luciane Spinelli de Figueiredo Pessoa, Lidiane Assis da Silva, Suzana Maria de Freitas Pereira, Larissa Nadjara Alves de Almeida
Purpose Investigate and measure the effects of electrostimulation on the orofacial musculature and on the chewing, breathing and swallowing functions of individuals with Down syndrome. Methods Study participants were 16 individuals with Down syndrome (six males and 10 females) from an institutional extension project aged nine to 25 years. Speech-language pathology assessment was performed using the protocol of Orofacial Myofunctional Evaluation with Scores (OMES) pre- and post-intervention. This protocol comprised eight weekly electrostimulation sessions...
2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845607/interventions-for-childhood-apraxia-of-speech
#8
REVIEW
Angela T Morgan, Elizabeth Murray, Frederique J Liégeois
BACKGROUND: Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) affects a child's ability to produce sounds and syllables precisely and consistently, and to produce words and sentences with accuracy and correct speech rhythm. It is a rare condition, affecting only 0.1% of the general population. Consensus has been reached that three core features have diagnostic validity: (1) inconsistent error production on both consonants and vowels across repeated productions of syllables or words; (2) lengthened and impaired coarticulatory transitions between sounds and syllables; and (3) inappropriate prosody (ASHA 2007)...
May 30, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844960/understanding-mitochondrial-myopathies-a-review
#9
Abhimanyu S Ahuja
Mitochondria are small, energy-producing structures vital to the energy needs of the body. Genetic mutations cause mitochondria to fail to produce the energy needed by cells and organs which can cause severe disease and death. These genetic mutations are likely to be in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), or possibly in the nuclear DNA (nDNA). The goal of this review is to assess the current understanding of mitochondrial diseases. This review focuses on the pathology, causes, risk factors, symptoms, prevalence data, symptomatic treatments, and new research aimed at possible preventions and/or treatments of mitochondrial diseases...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798180/-clinical-observation-of-coblation-assisted-transoral-microsurgery-for-the-treatment-of-oral-and-oropharygneal-malignancy
#10
S F Xiao, X Zhao, J B Zhang, H Shen, E M Zhao
Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of coblation assisted transoral surgery for the treatment of oral and oropharyngeal malignancy. Method: 19 patients who suffered from oral or oropharyngeal malignant tumors underwent coblation assisted transoral surgery from August 2008 to August 2017 were studied. According to the tumor sites and pathological results, there were four oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) (two tongue carcinoma and two mouth floor carcinoma), eleven oropharygneal SCC (five tonsillar carcinoma, four soft palate carcinoma, one tongue base cartinama and one multiple carcinoma invading both soft palatine and hypopharynx), and four lymphatic and hematopoietic malignancies (three tonsillar tumors and one tumor invading both tonsil and tongue base)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791621/speech-language-pathology-aspects-in-a-pediatric-case-of-head-and-neck-arthrogryposis
#11
Jennifer Alvares Trindade, Jordana da Silva Freitas, Liliane Menzen, Carolina Laux, Lisiane de Rosa Barbosa, Maria Cristina de Almeida Freitas Cardoso
Arthrogryposis is a rare, multiple, congenital syndrome of non-progressive nature characterized by a series of genetic malformations, as well as stiffness and joint contractures. This is a clinical case study whose objective is to describe speech-language pathology disorders through the evaluation process in a case of arthrogryposis in Pediatrics. The medical records of a patient were analyzed from birth. A complete clinical evaluation of pediatric dysphagia was performed, establishing a diagnosis of severe oropharyngeal dysphagia evidenced by functional and structural impairments...
2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791620/intervention-time-until-discharge-for-newborns-on-transition-from-gavage-to-exclusive-oral-feeding
#12
Andréa Monteiro Correia Medeiros, Blenda Karen Batista Ramos, Déborah Letticia Santana Santos Bomfim, Conceição Lima Alvelos, Talita Cardoso da Silva, Ikaro Daniel de Carvalho Barreto, Felipe Batista Santos, Ricardo Queiroz Gurgel
Purpose Measure the intervention time required for transition from gavage to exclusive oral feeding, comparing newborns exposed exclusively to the mother's breast with those who, in addition to breastfeeding, received supplementation using a cup or baby bottle. Methods Analytical, longitudinal, cohort study conducted with 165 newborns (NB) divided into groups according to severity of medical complications (G1-with no complications; G2-with significant complications), and into subgroups according to feeding mechanism (A and B)...
2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791613/speech-language-pathology-program-for-reading-comprehension-and-orthography-effects-on-the-spelling-of-dyslexic-individuals
#13
Débora Manzano Nogueira, Maria Silvia Cárnio
Purpose Prepare a Speech-language Pathology Program for Reading Comprehension and Orthography and verify its effects on the reading comprehension and spelling of students with Developmental Dyslexia. Methods The study sample was composed of eleven individuals (eight males), diagnosed with Developmental Dyslexia, aged 09-11 years. All participants underwent a Speech-language Pathology Program in Reading Comprehension and Orthography comprising 16 individual weekly sessions. In each session, tasks of reading comprehension of texts and orthography were developed...
2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790248/diagnosis-and-management-of-conductive-hearing-loss-in-children-with-trisomy-21
#14
Robbie Stewart, Donna Gallagher, Peter Leyden
AIM: The objective of this study is to review the prevalence and degree of hearing loss in children with trisomy 21, their response to intervention and the presence of concomitant pathologies. The project will also highlight the experiences of the children from their parents' and guardians' perspective and the link between perceived service quality and an objective improvement in their hearing after rehabilitation. METHODS: All patients with trisomy 21 who were referred to district general otolaryngology outpatient clinics between 2014 and 2016 were included...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789192/-educational-and-information-needs-of-patients-under-vitamin-k-antagonist-therapy
#15
K Ben Jeddou, F Ben M'Barka, I Boukhris, H Arfaoui, H Baccar, N Khalfalah, Z Ouhachi
BACKGROUND: Adverse events related to vitamin K antagonists (VKA) represent a major public health problem. Informative tools and educative program contributes to the reduction of iatrogenic risk. The purpose of our study is to assess representations and information needs of patients under VKA therapy in order to develop a suitable therapeutic education program. METHODS: Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted among both long term VKA therapy patient and patients initiating VKA...
May 19, 2018: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781703/male-students-perceptions-about-gender-imbalances-in-a-speech-language-pathology-and-audiology-training-programme-of-a-south-african-institution-of-higher-education
#16
Sandra Du Plessis
 The professions of speech-language pathology and audiology (SLPA) are characterised by occupational gender segregation. Reasons given by men are a lack of awareness of SLPA; a perception of poor salaries; a perception of poor working conditions; a stereotype that the profession is a female occupation; and a perception that working with children is feminine. Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the perceptions of male students in a specific SLPA training programme regarding gender imbalances...
May 16, 2018: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746192/learning-from-students-facilitators-learning-in-interprofessional-placements
#17
Stacie Attrill, Chris Brebner, Claire Marsh
Few studies have examined experiences and learning from the viewpoint of interprofessional facilitators of student placements, and limited research has investigated this learning enacted across traditional service boundaries or between health and education practitioners. This study aimed to address these gaps by exploring perceptions about the learning and experiences of Early Childhood Educators (ECEs) who facilitated placements in childcare settings for speech-language pathology students from a health professional background...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745880/the-role-of-auditory-evoked-potentials-and-otoacoustic-emissions-in-early-detection-of-hearing-abnormalities-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-patients-a-case-control-study
#18
Doa W Nada, Radwa M El Khouly, Souzan E Gadow, Shymaa A Hablas, Marwa A Aboelhawa, Doaa S Al Ashkar, Amal M El Barbary, Manal S Hussein, Elsayed Rageh, Alaa M Elsalawy, Mohamed H Abo-Zaid, Samah Elshweikh, Amani M El Gharib
OBJECTIVES: To determine the types and to assess the role of auditory evoked potentials and otoacoustic emissions in early detection of hearing abnormalities in Behçet's disease (BD) patients. Their correlations with disease activity were also considered. METHODS: Thirty patients with BD and thirty apparently sex- and age-matched healthy volunteers were included in this study. Auditory evaluation included pure tone audiometry (PTA), otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs, DPOAE), auditory brainstem response test (ABR) and cortical auditory evoked potentials (tone and speech CAEPs) for all patients and control...
May 10, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741773/phase-2-trial-of-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-and-transoral-endoscopic-surgery-with-risk-adapted-adjuvant-therapy-for-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-head-and-neck
#19
Jared M Weiss, Juneko E Grilley-Olson, Allison Mary Deal, Jose P Zevallos, Bhishamjit S Chera, Jennifer Paul, Mary Fleming Knowles, Dmitriy Usenko, Mark C Weissler, Samip Patel, David N Hayes, Trevor Hackman
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility and efficacy of induction chemotherapy, surgery, and pathology-guided adjuvant therapy to treat transorally resectable squamous head and neck cancer. METHODS: Patients had squamous head and neck cancer that was resectable by the transoral route and advanced-stage disease (American Joint Committee on Cancer stage III-IV, T3-T4 tumors, and/or positive lymph nodes). They received treatment with weekly carboplatin at an area under the curve of 2, plus paclitaxel 135 mg/m2 , and daily lapatinib 1000mg for 6 weeks followed by surgical resection...
May 9, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731706/phosphorylation-of-threonine-175-tau-in-the-induction-of-tau-pathology-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-frontotemporal-spectrum-disorder-als-ftsd-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Alexander J Moszczynski, Matthew A Hintermayer, Michael J Strong
Approximately 50-60% of all patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) will develop a deficit of frontotemporal function, ranging from frontotemporal dementia (FTD) to one or more deficits of neuropsychological, speech or language function which are collectively known as the frontotemporal spectrum disorders of ALS (ALS-FTSD). While the neuropathology underlying these disorders is most consistent with a widespread alteration in the metabolism of transactive response DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43), in both ALS with cognitive impairment (ALSci) and ALS with FTD (ALS-FTD; also known as MND-FTD) there is evidence for alterations in the metabolism of the microtubule associated protein tau...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
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