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Speech pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538078/vibroplasty-in-severe-congenital-or-acquired-meatal-stenosis-by-coupling-an-active-middle-ear-implant-to-the-short-process-of-the-incus
#1
Jan Peter Thomas, Christiane Voelter, Katrin Neumann, Stefan Dazert
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of coupling an active middle ear implant to the short process of the incus in subjects with meatal pathologies. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Twelve patients suffering from either congenital aural atresia or acquired meatal fibrosis. INTERVENTION: Implantation of an active middle ear implant with coupling of the actuator to the short process of the incus...
May 19, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535875/utility-of-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-pediatric-hearing-loss
#2
Karen Ann Hawley, Donald M Goldberg, Samantha Anne
INTRODUCTION: Because management of hearing loss (HL) often requires multiple specialists, a multidisciplinary clinic, Pediatric Hearing Management Clinic, (PHMC) was established to coordinate care for children with newly diagnosed HL. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients seen in PHMC from February 2009 to April 2010. RESULTS: Clinic information was available for 40/41 of the patients and was included in the study. 37/41 had confirmed HL...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534689/parent-experiences-of-variations-in-service-delivery-of-rapid-syllable-transition-rest-treatment-for-childhood-apraxia-of-speech
#3
Donna C Thomas, Patricia McCabe, Kirrie J Ballard, Geraldine Bricker-Katz
PURPOSE: To understand parents' perceptions of Rapid Syllable Transition (ReST) treatment and their experience of either telehealth or combined parent-clinician delivery of speech-language pathology. METHOD: Thematic analyses of semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 parents (5 telehealth, 5 parent-clinician) after their child completed 12 sessions of ReST treatment. RESULTS: Three themes were unique to telehealth: "telehealth was a million times easier," "technical problems weren't deal breakers," and "telehealth therapy has different boundaries...
May 23, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530252/new-trends-in-rehabilitation-of-children-with-ent-disorders
#4
R Bovo, P Trevisi, E Zanoletti, D Cazzador, T Volo, E Emanuelli, A Martini
In the last 20 years, neonatal survival has progressively increased due to the constant amelioration of neonatal medical treatment and surgical techniques. Thus, the number of children with congenital malformations and severe chronic pathologies who need rehabilitative care has progressively increased. Rehabilitation programs for paediatric patients with disorders of voice, speech and language, communication and hearing, deglutition and breathing are not widely available in hospital settings or in long-term care facilities...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528293/spatiotemporal-movement-variability-in-als-speaking-rate-effects-on-tongue-lower-lip-and-jaw-motor-control
#5
Mili Kuruvilla-Dugdale, Antje Mefferd
PURPOSE: Although it is frequently presumed that bulbar muscle degeneration in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is associated with progressive loss of speech motor control, empirical evidence is limited. Furthermore, because speaking rate slows with disease progression and rate manipulations are used to improve intelligibility in ALS, this study sought to (i) determine between and within-group differences in articulatory motor control as a result of speaking rate changes and (ii) identify the strength of association between articulatory motor control and speech impairment severity...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524269/paradoxical-perceptions-towards-the-introduction-of-assistants-in-speech-language-pathology-and-potential-impact-on-consumers
#6
Rachael O'Brien, Rebecca Mitchell, Nicole Byrne
RATIONALE AND AIM: Working with assistants has the potential to be an economically and professionally sustainable solution to workforce shortages in speech-language pathology. However, there is some resistance to the workforce redesign, and factors that determine how assistants are utilised are not well understood. The aim of this study was to understand the perceptions that engender professional resistance and identify factors that may lessen such resistance. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 speech-language pathologists (SLPs) to learn about perceptions towards implementing assistants into the profession...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521439/arteriovenous-malformation-and-thyroid-metastasis-from-underlying-renal-cell-carcinoma-an-unusual-presentation-of-malignancy-a-case-report
#7
H J Albandar, E S Roberto, J R H See, J H Sabiers
Renal Clear Cell Carcinoma (RCC) comprises over 80% of renal malignancies in adults. Thyroid gland metastasis is rare in RCC. Few studies have described cases of RCC mistaken for benign arteriovenous malformation (AVM). To the best of our knowledge, an AVM arising from underlying RCC metastasis to the brain has not yet been reported. The current study presents a case of RCC metastasis to the thyroid gland, with an AVM identified to be a result of metastatic involvement in the brain. A 45-year-old African-American female presented with left-sided weakness, slurred speech, facial droop and seizure...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514476/mary-s-case-an-illustration-of-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-for-a-child-with-severe-disabilities
#8
Billy T Ogletree, Nancy Brady, Susan Bruce, Evan Dean, MaryAnn Romski, Lorraine Sylvester, David Westling
Purpose: The principles of interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) are illustrated through the case of Mary, a child with severe disabilities. Method: Mary's experiences from early childhood to young adulthood are highlighted by both optimal and less-than-ideal examples of clinical services and collaborative practice. The range of collaboration illustrates potential variations in service delivery. Thematic comments and resources are provided by professionals experienced with and committed to IPCP who represent the following four disciplines: occupational therapy, physical therapy, special education, and speech-language pathology...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514475/cotreatment-as-a-vehicle-for-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-physical-therapists-and-speech-language-pathologists-collaborating-in-the-care-of-children-with-severe-disabilities
#9
Lorraine Sylvester, Billy T Ogletree, Karen Lunnen
Purpose: This article defines interprofessional collaborative practice and links its key features with accepted practice conceptualizations of physical therapy. Cotreatment with speech-language pathology is described as a vehicle for interprofessional collaborative practice for children with severe disabilities. Method: The article reviews the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (WHO, 2015) and the Hypothesis-Oriented Algorithm for Clinicians II (Rothstein, Echternach, & Riddle, 2003) as existing service-delivery frameworks in physical therapy and discusses how interprofessional collaborative practice between speech-language pathologists and physical therapists can be useful within these practice guidelines...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485648/survey-of-ent-services-in-sub-saharan-africa-little-progress-between-2009-and-2015
#10
Wakisa Mulwafu, Robbert Ensink, Hannah Kuper, Johannes Fagan
BACKGROUND: A 2009 survey of ENT, audiology, and speech therapy services and training opportunities in 18 Sub-Saharan African countries reported that the availability of services was extremely poor, the distribution of services was very inequitable, and training opportunities were limited. ​​Objective: We conducted a new survey to determine the current status of ear, nose, and throat (ENT), audiology, and speech therapy services in sub-Saharan Africa. METHOD: This study is a cross-sectional study...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483240/management-of-non-organic-hearing-loss-in-children-a-case-study
#11
Piotr Henryk Skarzynski, Danuta Raj-Koziak, Joanna Jadwiga Rajchel, Henryk Skarzynski
A 10 year-old girl was admitted due to the claim of progressively developing hearing loss. The impedance audiometry showed no abnormalities but it was impossible to obtain reliable outcomes during pure tone audiometry assessment. The girl was additionally sent for speech audiometry, indicating a bilateral hearing loss and objective evaluations such as distortion product otoacoustic emissions and auditory brainstem responses, which results indicated a normal hearing. On the second day, repeated subjective audiometric tests showed also normal hearing, despite constantly reported hearing loss...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483151/postoperative-swallowing-assessment-after-lung-transplantation
#12
Brooke Baumann, Sara Byers, Tamara Wasserman-Wincko, Libby Smith, Bridget Hathaway, Jay Bhama, Norihisa Shigemura, J W Awori Hayanga, Jonathan D'Cunha, Jonas T Johnson
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia, aspiration, and potential pneumonia represent a major source of morbidity in patients undergoing lung transplantation. Conditions that potentiate dysphagia and aspiration include frailty and prolonged intubation. Our group of speech-language pathologists has been actively involved in performance of a bedside evaluation of swallowing, and instrumental evaluation of swallowing with modified barium swallow, and postoperative management in patients undergoing lung transplantation...
May 5, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475801/investigating-the-adequacy-of-intervention-descriptions-in-recent-speech-language-pathology-literature-is-evidence-from-randomized-trials-useable
#13
Arabella Ludemann, Emma Power, Tammy C Hoffmann
Purpose: To evaluate the completeness of intervention descriptions in recent randomized controlled trials of speech-language pathology treatments. Method: A consecutive sample of entries on the speechBITE database yielded 129 articles and 162 interventions. Interventions were rated using the Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) checklist. Rating occurred at 3 stages: interventions as published in the primary article, secondary locations referred to by the article (e...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474959/is-a-multidisciplinary-aerodigestive-clinic-more-effective-at-treating-recalcitrant-aerodigestive-complaints-than-a-single-specialist
#14
Janine M Rotsides, Gina M Krakovsky, Dinesh K Pillai, Sona Sehgal, Maura E Collins, Carolyn E Noelke, Nancy M Bauman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of a pediatric multidisciplinary aerodigestive clinic (ADC) in treating recalcitrant aerodigestive conditions. METHODS: Longitudinal observational study of presenting complaints, evaluation, management, and outcome of patients seen during 12 monthly ADCs beginning August 2013. RESULTS: Fifty-five patients were seen by the ADC team (otolaryngology/gastroenterology/pulmonology/speech pathology/nurse practitioner) and followed for a mean 17...
May 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471267/technology-and-its-role-in-rehabilitation-for-people-with-cognitive-communication-disability-following-a-traumatic-brain-injury-tbi
#15
Melissa Brunner, Bronwyn Hemsley, Leanne Togher, Stuart Palmer
PURPOSE: To review the literature on communication technologies in rehabilitation for people with a traumatic brain injury (TBI), and: (a) determine its application to cognitive-communicative rehabilitation, and b) develop a model to guide communication technology use with people after TBI. METHOD: This integrative literature review of communication technology in TBI rehabilitation and cognitive-communication involved searching nine scientific databases and included 95 studies...
May 4, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470593/clinical-assessment-of-dysphagia-in-neurodegeneration-cadn-development-validity-and-reliability-of-a-bedside-tool-for-dysphagia-assessment
#16
Adam P Vogel, Natalie Rommel, Carina Sauer, Marius Horger, Patrick Krumm, Marc Himmelbach, Matthis Synofzik
Screening assessments for dysphagia are essential in neurodegenerative disease. Yet there are no purpose-built tools to quantify swallowing deficits at bedside or in clinical trials. A quantifiable, brief, easy to administer assessment that measures the impact of dysphagia and predicts the presence or absence of aspiration is needed. The Clinical Assessment of Dysphagia in Neurodegeneration (CADN) was designed by a multidisciplinary team (neurology, neuropsychology, speech pathology) validated against strict methodological criteria in two neurodegenerative diseases, Parkinson's disease (PD) and degenerative ataxia (DA)...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470385/the-metopic-sagittal-craniosynostosis-report-of-35-operative-cases
#17
Takeyoshi Shimoji, Takaoki Kimura, Kazuaki Shimoji, Masakazu Miyajima
PURPOSE: We have diagnosed 35 cases of the supposedly rare condition metopic-sagittal synostosis in the past 20 years. Here, we introduce their clinical symptoms, neuroradiological findings, and surgical treatment methods, as well as discuss the relevant literature. METHODS: Subjects included 35 patients (33 boys and 2 girls; mean age 4.2 years; range 1-8 years). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) confirmed that there were no abnormal findings in the brain. Thirty patients presented with symptoms including speech delay, hyperactivity, autistic tendency, motor impairment, self-mutilation, and panic/temper tantrum behaviors...
May 3, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458577/ambulatory-anesthetic-care-in-children-undergoing-myringotomy-and-tube-placement-current-perspectives
#18
REVIEW
Hal Robinson, Thomas Engelhardt
PURPOSE: Myringotomy and tube placement is one of the most frequently performed ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgeries in the pediatric population. Effective anesthetic management is vital to ensuring successful ambulatory care and ensuring child and parental satisfaction. RECENT FINDINGS: This review summarizes recently published studies about the long-term effects of general anesthesia in young children, novel approaches to preoperative fasting and simplified approaches to the assessment and management of emergence delirium (ED) and emergence agitation (EA)...
2017: Local and Regional Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448161/peaches-for-lunch-creating-and-using-visual-variables
#19
Elizabeth Cartwright, Adam Clegg
In this article, I describe the process of systematically including nonverbal data in medical anthropology research. I demonstrate the process of visualizing and coding videotaped moments of life and show how we can analyze what is being done along with what is being said. I ground my discussion in toddler language socialization and then expand my observations to the realm of language pathologies. Aphasia from strokes, speech difficulties in neurologically based illnesses like Lou Gehrig's disease, and the variety of communication challenges that face those on the autism spectrum can all be studied in interesting ways by including precise descriptions of nonverbal actions...
April 27, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445266/recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-injury-after-thyroid-and-parathyroid-surgery-incidence-and-postoperative-evolution-assessment
#20
Gaëtan-Romain Joliat, Valentine Guarnero, Nicolas Demartines, Valérie Schweizer, Maurice Matter
Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury is a feared complication after thyroid and parathyroid surgery. It induces important postoperative morbidity. The present study aimed to assess the incidence of transient/permanent postoperative RLN injuries after thyroid and parathyroid surgery in the present cohort, to observe the timing of recovery, and to identify risk factors for permanent RLN injury after thyroidectomy.All consecutive patients operated on at our institution for thyroid and parathyroid pathologies from 2005 to 2013 were reviewed for vocal cord paresis...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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