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Speech pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828866/facilitating-pragmatic-skills-through-role-play-in-learners-with-language-learning-disability
#1
Fareeaa Abdoola, Penelope S Flack, Saira B Karrim
BACKGROUND: Role-based learning involves the process whereby learners acquire skills, knowledge and understanding through the assumption of roles within real-life settings. Role-play holds potential as an effective learning strategy for children; however, there is limited research on the use of role-play as a therapy method within the field of speech-language pathology. Children with language learning disability (LLD) typically present with difficulties in social communication, which can negatively affect their social and academic achievement...
July 26, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826411/auditory-hallucinations-not-necessarily-a-hallmark-of-psychotic-disorder
#2
F Waters, J D Blom, R Jardri, K Hugdahl, I E C Sommer
Auditory hallucinations (AH) are often considered a sign of a psychotic disorder. This is promoted by the DSM-5 category of Other Specified Schizophrenia Spectrum And Other Psychotic Disorder (OSSSOPD), the diagnostic criteria for which are fulfilled with the sole presence of persistent AH, in the absence of any other psychotic symptoms. And yet, persistent AH are not synonymous with having a psychotic disorder, and should therefore not be uncritically treated as such. Many people who seek treatment for persistent AH have no other psychotic symptoms, have preserved reality-testing capacities, and will never develop a schizophrenia spectrum disorder...
August 22, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826246/is-an-educational-lecture-a-critical-component-of-communication-partner-training
#3
Emma Finch, Jennifer Fleming, Ashley Cameron, Jennifer Lethlean, Kyla Hudson, Samantha Dassanayake, Steven M McPhail
PURPOSE: Little is known about the critical ingredients of successful Communication Partner Training (CPT) programmes. The aim of this randomised controlled trial was to investigate the effects of including an educational component before a conversation with a person with aphasia compared to a conversation only. METHOD: Thirty-eight speech-language pathology students were randomly allocated to either the Full programme or Conversation only groups. The Full programme group received a lecture about communication strategies then participated in a conversation with a person with aphasia, while the other group participated in the conversation only...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822620/medications-and-adverse-voice-effects
#4
Kátia Nemr, Ariana Di Carlos Silva, Danilo de Albuquerque Rodrigues, Marcia Simões Zenari
OBJECTIVES: To identify the medications used by patients with dysphonia, describe the voice symptoms reported on initial speech-language pathology (SLP) examination, evaluate the possible direct and indirect effects of medications on voice production, and determine the association between direct and indirect adverse voice effects and self-reported voice symptoms, hydration and smoking habits, comorbidities, vocal assessment, and type and degree of dysphonia. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817473/scaffolding-interprofessional-education-unfolding-case-studies-virtual-world-simulations-and-patient-centered-care
#5
Sharon Strang Zook, Linda J Hulton, Carol C Dudding, Anne L Stewart, Amy C Graham
Fragmentation of health care negatively impacts quality; one of the contributing factors may be ineffective collaboration among health care professionals. This article describes the implementation of an interprofessional education curriculum for graduate students enrolled in nursing, psychology, and speech-language pathology programs. Over 3 semesters, students engaged in interprofessional collaboration modules, unfolding case studies, virtual simulation, and shared case planning experiences. The curriculum's impact on students' attitudes and values toward interprofessional collaborative practice was measured...
August 16, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815583/educational-and-rehabilitation-service-utilization-in-adolescents-born-preterm-or-with-a-congenital-heart-defect-and-at-high-risk-for-disability
#6
Annette Majnemer, Noemi Dahan-Oliel, Charles Rohlicek, Sean Hatzigeorgiou, Barbara Mazer, Desiree B Maltais, Norbert Schmitz
AIM: This historical cohort study describes the use of educational and rehabilitation services in adolescents born preterm or with a congenital heart defect (CHD). METHOD: Parents of 76 young people (mean age 15y 8mo [SD 1y 8mo]) with CHD and 125 born ≤29 weeks gestational age (mean age 16y [SD 2y 5mo]) completed a demographics questionnaire including educational and rehabilitation resource utilization within the previous 6 months. Rehabilitation services included occupational therapy, physical therapy, speech language pathology, psychology...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815261/author-impact-metrics-in-communication-sciences-and-disorder-research
#7
Andrew Stuart, Sarah P Faucette, William Joseph Thomas
Purpose: The purpose was to examine author-level impact metrics for faculty in the communication sciences and disorder research field across a variety of databases. Method: Author-level impact metrics were collected for faculty from 257 accredited universities in the United States and Canada. Three databases (i.e., Google Scholar, ResearchGate, and Scopus) were utilized. Results: Faculty expertise was in audiology (24.4%; n = 490) and speech-language pathology (75...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815141/identifying-metastases-related-information-from-pathology-reports-of-lung-cancer-patients
#8
Ergin Soysal, Jeremy L Warner, Joshua C Denny, Hua Xu
Metastatic patterns of spread at the time of cancer recurrence are one of the most important prognostic factors in estimation of clinical course and survival of the patient. This information is not easily accessible since it's rarely recorded in a structured format. This paper describes a system for categorization of pathology reports by specimen site and the detection of metastatic status within the report. A clinical NLP pipeline was developed using sentence boundary detection, tokenization, section identification, part-of-speech tagger, and chunker with some rule based methods to extract metastasis site and status in combination with five types of information related to tumor metastases: histological type, grade, specimen site, metastatic status indicators and the procedure...
2017: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814995/the-efficacy-of-telehealth-delivered-speech-and-language-intervention-for-primary-school-age-children-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Danielle Wales, Leisa Skinner, Melanie Hayman
The purpose of this article is to determine if telehealth-delivered speech-language pathology interventions are as effective as traditional in-person delivery for primary school-age children with speech and/or language difficulties. A systematic review was conducted (in accordance with PRISMA guidelines) using five databases, two journals and reference lists. Titles and abstracts were screened for inclusion, with relevant studies reviewed in full-text. Initial searches identified 132 articles. Following exclusion of non-relevant studies, seven articles remained for inclusion...
2017: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809019/lentiviral-mediated-transgenesis-in-songbirds
#10
Wan-Chun Liu, Marian Hruska-Plochan, Atsushi Miyanohara
Transgenesis involves the insertion of an exogenous gene into an animal's genome, which allows the identification of the expressed phenotypes in brain function or behavior. Lentiviral-mediated transgenesis offers unique transduction potency making it possible to deliver and stably integrate transgenes into a wide variety of dividing and nondividing cells. The ability to establish long-term expression of such transgenes allows their use for transgenesis which is especially useful in organisms lacking quality pluripotent stem cell lines and which is otherwise difficult to produce via traditional pronuclear microinjection, such as songbirds...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803710/intrathecal-2-hydroxypropyl-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-decreases-neurological-disease-progression-in-niemann-pick-disease-type-c1-a-non-randomised-open-label-phase-1-2-trial
#11
Daniel S Ory, Elizabeth A Ottinger, Nicole Yanjanin Farhat, Kelly A King, Xuntian Jiang, Lisa Weissfeld, Elizabeth Berry-Kravis, Cristin D Davidson, Simona Bianconi, Lee Ann Keener, Ravichandran Rao, Ariane Soldatos, Rohini Sidhu, Kimberly A Walters, Xin Xu, Audrey Thurm, Beth Solomon, William J Pavan, Bernardus N Machielse, Mark Kao, Steven A Silber, John C McKew, Carmen C Brewer, Charles H Vite, Steven U Walkley, Christopher P Austin, Forbes D Porter
BACKGROUND: Niemann-Pick disease, type C1 (NPC1) is a lysosomal storage disorder characterised by progressive neurodegeneration. In preclinical testing, 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrins (HPβCD) significantly delayed cerebellar Purkinje cell loss, slowed progression of neurological manifestations, and increased lifespan in mouse and cat models of NPC1. The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of lumbar intrathecal HPβCD. METHODS: In this open-label, dose-escalation phase 1-2a study, we gave monthly intrathecal HPβCD to participants with NPC1 with neurological manifestation at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, MD, USA...
August 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800373/dysphagia-and-speech-language-pathology-involvement-following-chemical-ingestion-injury-a-review-of-44-cases-admitted-to-a-quaternary-australian-hospital-2008-2012
#12
Anna F Rumbach, Rebecca Cremer
Purpose: This study aimed to explore the clinical characteristics of an adult chemical ingestion population and examine the course of return to oral intake post injury and speech-language pathologist (SLP) involvement during the initial acute-care admission. Method: A retrospective chart review of adults admitted to a quaternary hospital for the treatment of an acute chemical ingestion injury between 2008 and 2012 was conducted. Results: Forty-four adults (23 men, 21 women) were identified as receiving treatment for ingestion injury, of whom 18 (40...
August 11, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795872/selecting-an-acoustic-correlate-for-automated-measurement-of-american-english-rhotic-production-in-children
#13
Heather Campbell, Daphna Harel, Elaine Hitchcock, Tara McAllister Byun
PURPOSE: A current need in the field of speech-language pathology is the development of reliable and efficient techniques to evaluate accuracy of speech targets over the course of treatment. As acoustic measurement techniques improve, it should become possible to use automated scoring in lieu of ratings from a trained clinician in some contexts. This study asks which acoustic measures correspond most closely with expert ratings of children's productions of American English /ɹ/ in an effort to develop an automated scoring algorithm for use in treatment targeting rhotics...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793171/reporting-of-socioeconomic-status-in-pediatric-language-research
#14
Ella Inglebret, Shana Bailey, Jeanne Amie Clothiaux, Amy Skinder-Meredith, Kayla Monson, Lesli Cleveland
Purpose: This study examined language-focused research articles published in 3 American Speech-Language-Hearing Association journals to: (a) determine the proportion that reported the socioeconomic status (SES) of pediatric participants and (b) identify the indicators used to represent SES in these articles. Method: Researchers reviewed articles published from 2000-2015 in Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, the American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, and the Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research (language section) that involved pediatric participants and focused on language development, as well as on assessment and intervention for language disorders...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793153/a-collaborative-model-for-return-to-academics-after-concussion-athletic-training-and-speech-language-pathology
#15
Sarah A Dachtyl, Pedro Morales
Purpose: In this article, we describe an academic concussion management protocol designed for grades Pre-K to 12, called Cognitive Return to Exertion (CoRTEx). Collaboration between the speech-language pathologist (SLP) and athletic trainer (AT) is highlighted. Method: A description of CoRTEx is provided, and the need for collaboration is emphasized. A case study illustrates an example of how CoRTEx can be implemented at the individual student level. Results: A total of 165 students went through CoRTEx from the pilot in April 2014 through December 2016...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792257/strategies-for-interprofessional-facilitators-and-clinical-supervisors-that-may-enhance-the-emotional-intelligence-of-therapy-students
#16
Nigel Gribble, Richard K Ladyshewsky, Richard Parsons
Emotional intelligence (EI) is a critical skill for occupational therapy, physiotherapy, and speech pathology students (therapy students). This article reports the findings from an analysis of interviews with therapy students (n = 24) to determine the aspects of clinical placements that therapy students perceived as influencing the changes in EI scores. This article reports the findings of the qualitative phase of a longitudinal, retrospective mixed methods design. Interviewees were selected using purposive sampling...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777928/the-paired-t-test-and-beyond-recommendations-for-testing-the-central-tendencies-of-two-paired-samples-in-research-on-speech-language-and-hearing-pathology
#17
Toni Rietveld, Roeland van Hout
PURPOSE: In this tutorial we review current practice in the analysis of data obtained in designs involving two dependent samples and evaluate two conventional statistics: the t test for paired samples and its non-parametric alternative, the Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test (WSR). It is a sequel to our tutorial on the analysis of designs with two independent samples on the basis of non-count data (Rietveld & van Hout, 2015). The frequency with which these statistics are used is assessed on the basis of publications on disordered communication in Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, Journal of Communication Disorders and Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research for the time interval 2006-2015...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776062/a-mindfulness-practice-for-communication-sciences-and-disorders-undergraduate-and-speech-language-pathology-graduate-students-effects-on-stress-self-compassion-and-perfectionism
#18
Ann R Beck, Heidi Verticchio, Scott Seeman, Emma Milliken, Heidi Schaab
Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to explore the effects of a mindfulness practice on participants' levels of self-compassion, perfectionism, attention, and perceived and biological stress. Method: This was a between-groups design. Experimental participants engaged in a short mindfulness practice weekly for one academic semester; control participants did not. All participants completed three self-report scales measuring perceived stress, self-compassion, and perfectionism before and after mindfulness sessions...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767196/two-unrelated-children-with-overlapping-6q25-3-deletions-motor-speech-disorders-and-language-delays
#19
Beate Peter, Hope Lancaster, Caitlin Vose, Amna Fares, Isabelle Schrauwen, Matthew Huentelman
Interstitial and terminal 6q25 deletions are associated with developmental delays, hypotonia, eye pathologies, craniofacial dysmorphologies, and structural brain anomalies. In most cases, speech and language deficits are not described in detail. We report on a case (Patient 1, age 7 years) with a de novo 6q25.3-qter deletion, 11.1 Mb long and encompassing 108 genes, and a case (Patient 2, age 5 years) with an inherited interstitial 6q25.3 deletion, located within Patient 1's deletion region and 403 kb long, the smallest 6q25 deletion reported to date...
August 2, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761474/cystic-echinococcosis-a-rare-case-of-brain-localization
#20
Ali Baradan Bagheri, Mohammad Zibaei, Mehdi Tayebi Arasteh
Although Hydatid disease eradicated in many countries, it is still widespread in communities where agriculture is dominant. Cystic hydatidosis is significant public health problem in the regions with endemic echinococcosis. The hydatid cysts tend to form mostly in the liver or lung. Brain involvement is very rare. In the present report, we describe magnetic resonance imaging findings in an 18-yr-old male with cerebral echinococcosis, in Shahid Madani Hospital, Karaj, Iran in 2015. The patient, presented with headache, hemiparesis, impairment of speech, vomiting, and nausea...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
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