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Speech pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445266/recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-injury-after-thyroid-and-parathyroid-surgery-incidence-and-postoperative-evolution-assessment
#1
Gaëtan-Romain Joliat, Valentine Guarnero, Nicolas Demartines, Valérie Schweizer, Maurice Matter
Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury is a feared complication after thyroid and parathyroid surgery. It induces important postoperative morbidity. The present study aimed to assess the incidence of transient/permanent postoperative RLN injuries after thyroid and parathyroid surgery in the present cohort, to observe the timing of recovery, and to identify risk factors for permanent RLN injury after thyroidectomy.All consecutive patients operated on at our institution for thyroid and parathyroid pathologies from 2005 to 2013 were reviewed for vocal cord paresis...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425762/the-evaluation-of-bulbar-dysfunction-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-survey-of-clinical-practice-patterns-in-the-united-states
#2
Emily K Plowman, Lauren C Tabor, James Wymer, Gary Pattee
OBJECTIVE: Speech and swallowing impairments are highly prevalent in individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and contribute to reduced quality of life, malnutrition, aspiration, pneumonia and death. Established practice parameters for bulbar dysfunction in ALS do not currently exist. The aim of this study was to identify current practice patterns for the evaluation of speech and swallowing function within participating Northeast ALS clinics in the United States. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 15-item survey was emailed to all registered NEALS centres...
April 20, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425759/speech-pathology-as-the-masterchef-getting-the-right-ingredients-and-stirring-the-pot
#3
Pam Enderby
The purpose of this paper is to consider the many influences that have an impact on appropriate speech-language pathology service delivery. The competitive cooking and entertainment television program, MasterChef, is used as an analogy to consider the ingredients, blend and approach required to improve speech-language pathology services. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) enter the profession with the aim of assisting those with communication and swallowing disorders to have a better quality of life. Thus, we should be restless to continue to improve our services in order to achieve the best influence and outcomes by changing our recipes and ingredients...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415057/-de-novo-cavernous-angioma-secondary-to-a-developmental-venous-anomaly-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Yohtaro Sakakibara, Yoshio Taguchi, Homare Nakamura, Hidetaka Onodera, Masashi Uchida, Kimiyuki Kawaguchi, Yoshio Aida
OBJECTIVE: Previously, cavernous angiomas(CAs)have been thought to be only congenital in origin. Recently, however, a few cases of de novo CAs have been reported in the literature. We present a case of a de novo CA and discuss the etiology of the newly appeared CA. CASE REPORT: A 29-year-old man was presented to a local clinic because of hypersomnia. MRI demonstrated a heterogeneous mass peripherally located, which was in contact with a developmental venous anomaly(DVA)at the left thalamus...
April 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412598/effect-of-two-isolated-vocal-facilitating-techniques-glottal-fry-and-yawn-sigh-on-the-phonation-of-female-speech-language-pathology-students-a-pilot-study
#5
I Meerschman, E D'haeseleer, T Catry, B Ruigrok, S Claeys, K Van Lierde
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of two isolated vocal facilitating techniques, glottal fry and yawn-sigh, on the phonation of vocally healthy female speech-language pathology (SLP) students. STUDY DESIGN: A multigroup pretest-posttest design was used. METHODS: A group of thirty-six healthy female SLP students with a mean age of 18.1 years were assigned into three groups: a glottal fry group (practicing the facilitating technique glottal fry across 18 weeks, n=12), a yawn-sigh group (practicing the facilitating technique yawn-sigh across 18 weeks, n=12) and a control group (receiving no facilitating techniques, n=12)...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409732/the-surgical-treatment-of-tumors-of-the-fourth-ventricle-a-single-institution-experience
#6
Sherise D Ferguson, Nicholas B Levine, Dima Suki, Andrew J Tsung, Fredrick F Lang, Raymond Sawaya, Jeffrey S Weinberg, Ian E McCutcheon
OBJECTIVE Fourth ventricle tumors are rare, and surgical series are typically small, comprising a single pathology, or focused exclusively on pediatric populations. This study investigated surgical outcome and complications following fourth ventricle tumor resection in a diverse patient population. This is the largest cohort of fourth ventricle tumors described in the literature to date. METHODS This is an 18-year (1993-2010) retrospective review of 55 cases involving patients undergoing surgery for tumors of the fourth ventricle...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397525/book-review-medical-speech-language-pathology-a-practitioner-s-guide-johnson-alex-f-jacobson-barbara-h-medical-speech-language-pathology-a-practitioner-s-guide-new-york-thieme-publishing-2017-hardcover-378-pages-110
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394187/using-critical-realistic-evaluation-to-support-translation-of-research-into-clinical-practice
#8
Michelle C Swift, Marilyn Langevin, Alexander M Clark
A challenge that speech-language pathologists (SLPs) face is the translation of research into clinical practice. While randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are often touted as the "gold standard" of efficacy research, much valuable information is lost through the process; RCTs by nature are designed to wash out individual client factors and contexts that might influence the outcome in order to present the "true" impact of the intervention. However, in the area of behavioural interventions, the interaction of client factors and contexts with the treatment agent can substantially influence the outcome...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389257/physiotherapy-and-speech-and-language-therapy-intervention-for-chronic-cough
#9
REVIEW
Surinder S Birring, Sarah Floyd, Charles C Reilly, Peter Siu Pan Cho
There are few effective pharmacological therapies available to treat refractory chronic cough. Functional MRI studies of the brain have recently shown that patients with chronic cough have dysfunctional inhibitory control of cough. Self-management therapies delivered by physiotherapists or speech therapists are effective at suppressing cough. They enable patients to consciously suppress the urge to cough. The intervention consists of education, laryngeal hygiene, cough suppression and distraction measures and behaviour modification...
April 4, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384484/occupational-therapy-physical-therapy-and-speech-language-pathology-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-patterns-of-therapy-usage-in-a-level-iv-nicu
#10
Katherine Ross, Elizabeth Heiny, Sandra Conner, Patricia Spener, Roberta Pineda
OBJECTIVES: 1) To describe the use of occupational therapy (OT), physical therapy (PT) and speech-language pathology (SLP) services in a level IV neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), 2) to describe predictors of early therapy usage, and 3) to test the hypothesis that more NICU-based therapy will relate to better neurobehavioral outcomes. METHODS: Seventy-nine infants born ≤32 weeks gestation had therapy interventions, as standard of care, tracked across NICU hospitalization...
April 3, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370667/improving-outcomes-in-veterans-with-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-through-implementation-of-a-multidisciplinary-clinic
#11
Tyler Light, Edward El Rassi, Ronald J Maggiore, John Holland, Julie Reed, Kathleen Suriano, Marcelle Stooksbury, Nora Tobin, Neil Gross, Daniel Clayburgh
BACKGROUND: Treatment of head and neck cancer is complex, and a multidisciplinary clinic may improve the coordination of care. The value of a head and neck multidisciplinary clinic has not yet been established in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of Veterans Affairs patients with oropharyngeal SCC undergoing concurrent chemoradiation before and after implementation of the head and neck multidisciplinary clinic...
March 29, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365896/voice-rehabilitation-after-laryngeal-cancer-associated-effects-on-psychological-well-being
#12
Liza Bergström, Elizabeth C Ward, Caterina Finizia
PURPOSE: Psychological distress after laryngeal cancer treatment is prevalent. Although voice rehabilitation has shown to improve functional outcomes and positively affect health-related quality of life, to date, there has been limited study of the associated effect of behavioural voice intervention on psychological well-being/distress post laryngeal cancer. METHOD: Sixty-three patients with Tis-T4 laryngeal cancer treated with (chemo)radiotherapy were prospectively recruited and randomised to either a voice rehabilitation (VR, n = 31) or control group (n = 32)...
April 2, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357188/audiological-findings-from-an-adult-with-thin-cochlear-nerves
#13
Prashanth Prabhu, Jyothi Shivaswamy
Reported here are audiological findings from an adult with thin cochlear nerves. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed that he had a thinner cochlear nerve in the left ear than in the right ear. He had a higher degree of hearing loss in the left ear and poor speech recognition scores for both ears. He had normal middle ear and cochlear functioning. The auditory brainstem response and acoustic reflexes were absent, indicating a retrocochlear pathology. Long latency responses (LLR) revealed normal cortical functioning...
February 2017: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337648/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-alternating-hemiplegia-of-childhood
#14
REVIEW
Melanie Masoud, Lyndsey Prange, Jeffrey Wuchich, Arsen Hunanyan, Mohamad A Mikati
The diagnosis and treatment of patients with Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood (AHC) and related disorders should be provided by a multidisciplinary team experienced with the spectrum of presentations of this disease, with its related disorders, with its complex and fluctuating manifestations, and with cutting edge advances occurring in the field. Involvement in research to advance the understanding of this disease and partnership with international collaborators and family organizations are also important...
February 2017: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320627/maximal-ambient-noise-levels-and-type-of-voice-material-required-for-valid-use-of-smartphones-in-clinical-voice-research
#15
Jean Lebacq, Jean Schoentgen, Giovanna Cantarella, Franz Thomas Bruss, Claudia Manfredi, Philippe DeJonckere
PURPOSE: Smartphone technology provides new opportunities for recording standardized voice samples of patients and transmitting the audio files to the voice laboratory. This drastically improves the achievement of baseline designs, used in research on efficiency of voice treatments. However, the basic requirement is the suitability of smartphones for recording and digitizing pathologic voices (mainly characterized by period perturbations and noise) without significant distortion. In a previous article, this was tested using realistic synthesized deviant voice samples (/a:/) with three precisely known levels of jitter and of noise in all combinations...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319481/application-of-telepractice-for-head-and-neck-cancer-management-a-review-of-speech-language-pathology-service-models
#16
Elizabeth C Ward, Laurelie R Wall, Clare L Burns, Bena Cartmill, Anne J Hill
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Head and neck cancer (HNC) is a complex and heterogeneous disease, requiring specialist intervention from a multidisciplinary team including speech language pathology (SLP). Unfortunately, multiple patient and service-related challenges exist which currently limit equitable access to SLP support for all individuals. This review highlights the existing evidence for different telepractice models designed to help patients and services optimize management of swallowing and communication disorders arising from HNC...
March 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300962/association-between-functionality-assessment-scales-and-the-severity-of-dysphagia-post-stroke
#17
Karen de Oliveira Dos Passos, Maria Cristina de Almeida Freitas Cardoso, Betina Scheeren
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the results of functionality scales and dysphagia severity determined from videofluoroscopy swallowing study (VSS) in post-stroke patients. Methods: A retrospective study of 109 VSS analysis of post-stroke patients. From the exams was collected information on the diagnosis of dysphagia severity and evaluated regarding the swallowing functionality in an independent way by two evaluators. Results: A high number of discrete dysphagia was observed...
March 9, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296521/speech-language-pathology-intervention-in-a-youth-justice-setting-benefits-perceived-by-staff-extend-beyond-communication
#18
Pamela C Snow, Kerryn Bagley, Donna White
PURPOSE: Young people in youth justice (YJ) settings face high-risk for unidentified language disorder, however, speech-language pathology (SLP) services are not routinely offered in such settings. The aim of this study was to explore and describe the perceptions and experiences of YJ staff in a custodial centre of the utility of having a speech-language pathologist working with young offenders. METHOD: Following a SLP intervention trial, two staff focus groups were conducted by an independent SLP...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288518/the-confidence-and-knowledge-of-health-practitioners-when-interacting-with-people-with-aphasia-in-a-hospital-setting
#19
Ashley Cameron, Steven McPhail, Kyla Hudson, Jennifer Fleming, Jennifer Lethlean, Ngang Ju Tan, Emma Finch
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to describe and compare the confidence and knowledge of health professionals (HPs) with and without specialized speech-language training for communicating with people with aphasia (PWA) in a metropolitan hospital setting. METHODS: Ninety HPs from multidisciplinary teams completed a customized survey to identify their demographic information, knowledge of aphasia, current use of supported conversation strategies and overall communication confidence when interacting with PWA using a 100 mm visual analogue scale (VAS) to rate open-ended questions...
March 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264593/culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-students-in-speech-language-pathology-courses-a-platform-for-culturally-responsive-services
#20
Stacie Attrill, Michelle Lincoln, Sue McAllister
PURPOSE: Increasing the proportion of culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) students and providing intercultural learning opportunities for all students are two strategies identified to facilitate greater access to culturally responsive speech-language pathology services. To enact these strategies, more information is needed about student diversity. This study collected descriptive information about CALD speech-language pathology students in Australia. METHOD: Cultural and linguistic background information was collected through surveying 854 domestic and international speech-language pathology students from three Australian universities...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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