keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Speech pathology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454226/dysphagia-and-laryngeal-pathology-in-post-surgical-cardiothoracic-patients
#1
Anna Miles, Naomi McLellan, Rochelle Machan, David Vokes, Alexandra Hunting, Mary McFarlane, Jennifer Holmes, Kelly Lynn
PURPOSE: Cardiothoracic surgery is known to result in dysphagia and laryngeal injury. While prevalence has been explored, extent, trajectory and longevity of symptoms are poorly understood. This retrospective, observational study explored dysphagia and laryngeal injury in patients following cardiothoracic surgery referred for instrumental swallowing assessment. METHODS: Clinical notes and endoscopic recordings of 106 patients (age range 18-87yrs; mean 63yrs; SD 15yrs) (including 190 endoscopes) at one large tertiary centre were reviewed by two speech-language pathologists and a laryngologist...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454176/efficacy-of-intensive-voice-feminisation-therapy-in-a-transgender-young-offender
#2
Sterling Quinn, Nathaniel Swain
Research suggests that transgender young offenders are a uniquely vulnerable caseload that may benefit from speech pathology intervention to help bring their voice into alignment with their gender identity. However, no previous studies have investigated treatment efficacy in this population. This study investigated the impact of intensive voice feminisation therapy targeting fundamental frequency and oral resonance in a 17 year old transgender individual within a youth justice institution. Acoustic analysis, listener and self-ratings of vocal femininity, self-ratings of vocal satisfaction, a post-treatment structured interview, and pre- and post- treatment completion of the Transsexual Voice Questionnaire (TVQ MtF ) were utilised to determine treatment impact...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452069/idiopathic-isolated-unilateral-hypoglossal-nerve-palsy-a-report-of-2-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Akio Shibata, Masashi Kimura, Kenichiro Ishiabashi, Masahiro Umemura
Hypoglossal nerve palsy (HNP) is a common finding in neurologic diseases when associated with other cranial nerve palsies or further pathology and exhibits characteristic clinical manifestations, including unilateral atrophy of the musculature of the tongue. It occasionally appears as the initial or solitary sign of an intracranial or extracranial space-occupying lesion, head or neck injury, or vascular abnormality of the internal carotid artery. There are few cases of idiopathic isolated unilateral HNP, which should be diagnosed through exclusion...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451399/assistive-technology-for-communication-of-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#4
Thaiany Pedrozo Campos Antunes, Acary Souza Bulle de Oliveira, Robert Hudec, Tania Brusque Crocetta, Jennifer Yohanna Ferreira de Lima Antão, Renata Thais de Almeida Barbosa, Regiani Guarnieri, Thais Massetti, David M Garner, Luiz Carlos de Abreu
OBJECTIVE: Describe the use of assistive technology to enhance communication opportunities for older adults. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in two databases, PubMed and Web of Science, by using two different searches in each. The search was limited to original articles, in English language, including people aged 60 years and older that used any type of assistive technology for communication. The articles found in the initial search were filtered by title, abstracts and the remaining articles were fully read...
February 16, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449063/comparison-of-post-therapy-dysphonic-voices-and-normal-voices
#5
Natalie Schaeffer, Akiko Fuse
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present investigation was to compare the voices of post-therapy dysphonic participants with participants who have normal voices to determine how close the corrected voices approached normal vocal levels. The present investigation is a follow-up to the authors' previous research in which dysphonic participants, with voices ranging from moderate-to-severe dysphonia, were evaluated pre- and post therapy using the Dysphonic Severity Percentage scale and the interval scale...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447800/reliability-and-validity-of-the-chinese-pediatric-voice-handicap-index
#6
Kena Liu, Shaofeng Liu, Zhou Zhou, Qinyi Ren, Jie Zhong, Renzhong Luo, Huabiao Qin, Siyi Zhang, Pingjiang Ge
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of pediatric voice handicap index (pVHI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The original English version-pVHI was translated into Chinese. Parents of 52 children with voice dysphonia and 43 children with no history or symptoms of voice problems were asked to fill the Chinese pVHI questionnaires twice with an interval of 2 weeks. GRB (Grade, Roughness, Breathiness) scale was used for perceptual assessment by two otolaryngologists and one speech pathologist for each child's voice...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447175/modelling-human-hard-palate-shape-with-b%C3%A3-zier-curves
#7
Rick Janssen, Scott R Moisik, Dan Dediu
People vary at most levels, from the molecular to the cognitive, and the shape of the hard palate (the bony roof of the mouth) is no exception. The patterns of variation in the hard palate are important for the forensic sciences and (palaeo)anthropology, and might also play a role in speech production, both in pathological cases and normal variation. Here we describe a method based on Bézier curves, whose main aim is to generate possible shapes of the hard palate in humans for use in computer simulations of speech production and language evolution...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439330/hypoxia-induced-signaling-activation-in-neurodegenerative-diseases-targets-for-new-therapeutic-strategies
#8
Niraj Kumar Jha, Saurabh Kumar Jha, Renu Sharma, Dhiraj Kumar, Rashmi K Ambasta, Pravir Kumar
For the maintenance of cellular homeostasis and energy metabolism, an uninterrupted supply of oxygen (O2) is routinely required in the brain. However, under the impaired level of O2 (hypoxia) or reduced blood flow (ischemia), the tissues are not sufficiently oxygenated, which triggers disruption of cellular homeostasis in the brain. Hypoxia is known to have a notable effect on controlling the expression of proteins involved in a broad range of biological processes varying from energy metabolism, erythropoiesis, angiogenesis, neurogenesis to mitochondrial trafficking and autophagy, thus facilitating neuronal cells to endure in deprived O2...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429204/-small-vessel-childhood-primary-angiitis-of-the-central-nervous-system-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
J Deng, F Fang, X H Wang, M Ge, L J He, N Zhang
Objective: To summarize the clinical and pathological features of small vessel-childhood primary angiitis of the central nervous system (SV-cPACNS), discuss the immune therapy and increase the attention to brain biopsy in SV-cPACNS. Methods: The clinical data, pathology of brain biopsy, treatment and outcome of an SV-cPACNS patient hospitalized in Beijing Children's Hospital in February 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. The cases reported at Pubmed, CNKI and Wanfang databases from 2007 to 2017 were searched, the clinical and pathological features, immunotherapy and prognosis of the disease were summarized according to the literature review...
February 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427102/spinocerebellum-ataxia-type-6-molecular-mechanisms-and-calcium-channel-genetics
#10
Xiaofei Du, Christopher Manuel Gomez
Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) type 6 is an autosomal dominant disease affecting cerebellar degeneration. Clinically, it is characterized by pure cerebellar dysfunction, slowly progressive unsteadiness of gait and stance, slurred speech, and abnormal eye movements with late onset. Pathological findings of SCA6 include a diffuse loss of Purkinje cells, predominantly in the cerebellar vermis. Genetically, SCA6 is caused by expansion of a trinucleotide CAG repeat in the last exon of longest isoform CACNA1A gene on chromosome 19p13...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427101/spinocerebellar-ataxia-type-1-molecular-mechanisms-of-neurodegeneration-and-preclinical-studies
#11
Judit M Pérez Ortiz, Harry T Orr
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1) is an adult-onset, inherited disease that leads to degeneration of Purkinje cells of the cerebellum and culminates in death 10-30 years after disease onset. SCA1 is caused by a CAG repeat mutation in the ATXN1 gene, encoding the ATXN1 protein with an abnormally expanded polyglutamine tract. As neurodegeneration progresses, other brain regions become involved and contribute to cognitive deficits as well as problems with speech, swallowing, and control of breathing. The fundamental basis of pathology is an aberration in the normal function of Purkinje cells affecting regulation of gene transcription and RNA splicing...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400571/the-human-right-to-communicate-a-survey-of-available-services-in-saudi-arabia
#12
Manal A Khoja, Hadeel Sheeshah
Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states: "Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression." However, people with communication disabilities may be more likely to lose the right to express their opinions as a consequence of their atypical communication methods; hence they may be denied a basic human right. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the availability of speech-language pathology services in Saudi Arabia's public-health sector. The data were collected using a telephone survey...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388081/loss-of-angelman-syndrome-protein-e6ap-disrupts-a-novel-antagonistic-estrogen-retinoic-acid-transcriptional-crosstalk-in-neurons
#13
Jimmy El Hokayem, Edwin Weeber, Zafar Nawaz
Angelman syndrome (AS) is a complex genetic disorder that affects the nervous system. AS affects an estimated 1 in 12,000 to 20,000 individuals. Characteristic features of AS includes developmental delay or intellectual disability, severe speech impairment, seizures, small head size (microcephaly), and problems with movement and balance (ataxia). AS individuals usually have microdeletion of the maternal copy of 15q11.2-15q13 region of chromosome 15. The E6-associated protein (E6AP, an E3 ubiquitin protein ligase enzyme) is encoded by the gene UBE3A, which is located in this region, and it has been shown that deregulation of E6AP gives rise to AS and neuropathology of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) (e...
January 31, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385009/evidence-and-consensus-based-guidelines-for-the-management-of-communication-and-swallowing-disorders-following-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Cristina Mei, Vicki Anderson, Mary-Clare Waugh, Louise Cahill, Angela T Morgan
OBJECTIVE: Evidence-based management guidelines for communication and swallowing disorders following pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) are scarcely available, potentially resulting in suboptimal outcomes. To improve clinical care of this population, a multidisciplinary guideline development committee was formed to develop evidence-based recommendation (EBR) and consensus-based recommendation (CBR) for the management of speech, language, and swallowing disorders during the first year of recovery...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383378/counseling-issues-addressing-behavioral-and-emotional-considerations-in-the-treatment-of-communication-disorders
#15
Aaron Lieberman
Purpose: Counseling is an important fundamental professional activity and an established component of the speech-language pathology/audiology scope of practice as documented by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (2004a, 2016a). Appropriate incorporation of counseling into practice can optimize service provision, help address comorbid behavioral and emotional reactions to communication disorders, and enhance prognosis. Practitioner insecurity in incorporating counseling into practice has been documented by Phillips and Mendel (2008), as well as Atkins (2007)...
January 30, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381604/cochlear-implantation-in-postmeningitic-deafness
#16
Taskin Tokat, Tolgahan Catli, Feda Bayrak, Ergul Basaran Bozkurt, Levent Olgun
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate long-term outcomes of cochlear implantation (CI) in patients with postmeningitic deafness. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients with severe to profound hearing loss due to bacterial meningitis and received CI were the subjects of this study. Surgical findings and long-term audiological performances were evaluated. Speech perception and speech intelligibility of the implanted patients were evaluated with the categories of auditory performance-II (CAP-II) test and speech intelligibility rating (SIR) test, respectively...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376450/barriers-and-facilitators-to-meeting-aphasia-guideline-recommendations-what-factors-influence-speech-pathologists-practice
#17
Kirstine Shrubsole, Linda Worrall, Emma Power, Denise A O'Connor
PURPOSE: To explore factors influencing Australian speech pathologists' guideline recommended aphasia management practices. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with hospital-based speech pathologists (n = 20). Interviews focused on barriers and facilitators to implementing recommendations related to five practice areas: Aphasia-friendly Information; Collaborative Goal Setting; Timing of Therapy; Amount and Intensity of Therapy; and Conversation Partner Training...
January 29, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376445/exploring-australian-speech-language-pathologists-use-and-perceptions-ofnon-speech-oral-motor-exercises
#18
Anna F Rumbach, Tanya A Rose, Mynn Cheah
PURPOSE: To explore Australian speech-language pathologists' use of non-speech oral motor exercises, and rationales for using/not using non-speech oral motor exercises in clinical practice. METHODS: A total of 124 speech-language pathologists practising in Australia, working with paediatric and/or adult clients with speech sound difficulties, completed an online survey. RESULTS: The majority of speech-language pathologists reported that they did not use non-speech oral motor exercises when working with paediatric or adult clients with speech sound difficulties...
January 29, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371175/integrated-decentralized-training-for-health-professions-education-at-the-university-of-kwazulu-natal-south-africa-protocol-for-the-i-dect-project
#19
Pragashnie Govender, Verusia Chetty, Deshini Naidoo, Ntsikelelo Pefile
BACKGROUND: The Integrated Decentralized Training (i-DecT) project was created to address the current need for health care in South Africa among resource poor climates in rural and periurban settings. The University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN) in South Africa has embarked on a program within the School of Health Sciences (SHS) to decentralize the clinical learning platform in order to address this disparity. Framed in a pragmatic stance, this proposal is geared towards informing the roll out of decentralized clinical training (DCT) within the province of KwaZulu-Natal...
January 25, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359305/providing-effective-speech-language-pathology-group-treatment-in-the-comprehensive-inpatient-rehabilitation-setting
#20
Christine Baron, Molly Holcombe, Candace van der Stelt
Group treatment is an integral part of speech-language pathology (SLP) practice. The majority of SLP literature concerns group treatment provided in outpatient settings. This article describes the goals, procedures, and benefits of providing quality SLP group therapy in the comprehensive inpatient rehabilitation (CIR) setting. Effective CIR groups must be designed with attention to type and severity of communication impairment, as well physical stamina of group members. Group leaders need to target individualized patient goals while creating a challenging, complex, and dynamic group context that supports participation by all group members...
February 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
keyword
keyword
16429
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"