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Speech pathology

Antonia Chacon, Melissa Parkin, Kate Broome, Alison Purcell
INTRODUCTION: Children with cleft palate demonstrate atypical speech sound development, which can influence their intelligibility, literacy and learning. There is limited documentation regarding how speech sound errors change over time in cleft palate speech and the effect that these errors have upon mono-versus polysyllabic word production. The objective of this study was to examine the phonetic and phonological speech skills of children with cleft palate at ages 3 and 5. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational design was used...
December 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Brenda Carey, Shane Erickson, Susan Block
PURPOSE: Speech restructuring treatment can effectively reduce stuttering but the resultant speech may sound unnatural. Martin et al. (1984) speech naturalness scale is widely used by clinicians and researchers, yet little is known about whether including normally fluent speech samples alters the judgement of the naturalness of speech samples of people who stutter, and whether attributes of listeners - specifically training and sex - influence ratings. METHODS: In this study 20 untrained listeners (male and female) and 19 speech language pathology students (female only) rated either the naturalness of 21 speech samples from adults who stutter obtained post-treatment, or the same 21 post-treatment samples randomly mixed with samples of 21 samples from normally fluent speakers matched for age and sex...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Ammarah Y Soofi, Vanina Dal Bello-Haas, Michelle E Kho, Lori Letts
BACKGROUND: The nature of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is progressive and degenerative, thus influencing individuals physically, emotionally, and socially. A broad review of qualitative studies that describe the personal experiences of people with ALS with physiotherapy, occupational therapy and speech and language pathology interventions, and how those affect QoL is warranted. PURPOSE: This study synthesizes qualitative research regarding the potential that rehabilitation interventions have to maintain and/or improve QoL from the perspective of people with ALS...
December 4, 2017: Quality of Life Research
D Basta, M Gröschel, A Ernst
Noise is an important socioeconomic problem in industrialized countries. Development of efficient treatment options for the audiological phenomena resulting from noise-induced hearing loss requires in-depth understanding of the underlying damage mechanisms causing peripheral and central nervous changes. Mechanical damage, ischemia and excitotoxicity are mainly responsible for noise-induced cell death and biophysical changes in the cochlea. Auditory synaptopathy is an additional consequence. Besides these cochlear pathologies, noise exposure leads to extensive changes within the central auditory pathway...
December 4, 2017: HNO
Audrey M Farrugia-Bernard
Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression - the right to communication. Communication is at the core of the speech-language pathology (SLP) profession. Yet, while we celebrate the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights some of our most vulnerable youth are being placed in special education at disproportional rates. School-based SLPs in the United States may be unwittingly contributing to this phenomenon, obstructing the human right to communication because of biased assessment procedures...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
P Y Cope, Sally Clendon, Tom Nicholson
BACKGROUND: Concerns have been raised about the effectiveness of traditional semi-structured interviews in selected entry allied health programs in terms of whether they give applicants the best opportunity to demonstrate their personal qualities and whether the process itself is overly intimidating and impersonal. This in turn raises questions about the reliability and validity of interviews. In this study, a possible alternative process was examined, the multiple mini-interview (MMI)...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
Tamer A Mesallam, Mohamed Farahat, Khalid H Malki, Mansour Alsulaiman, Zulfiqar Ali, Ahmed Al-Nasheri, Ghulam Muhammad
A voice disorder database is an essential element in doing research on automatic voice disorder detection and classification. Ethnicity affects the voice characteristics of a person, and so it is necessary to develop a database by collecting the voice samples of the targeted ethnic group. This will enhance the chances of arriving at a global solution for the accurate and reliable diagnosis of voice disorders by understanding the characteristics of a local group. Motivated by such idea, an Arabic voice pathology database (AVPD) is designed and developed in this study by recording three vowels, running speech, and isolated words...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
Heiko Cornelis Kleinfeld, Ann Christina Foldenauer, Mehrangiz Ghassemi, Ali Modabber, Bijan Movahedian Attar, Syed Sayeed Ahmed, Christiane Neuschaefer-Rube, Alireza Ghassemi
Cleft speech tests are not universally available. We developed a tool to fill this gap, especially in the context of a cleft mission setting. We performed a pilot study to evaluate the test's ability to differentiate between the speech of cleft patients and healthy individuals from three different language backgrounds. We used 78 made-up, nonsensical syllables to evaluate hypernasality, nasal emissions, and consonant errors. Cleft (n = 41) and non-cleft (n = 39) individuals from three countries were included in this study...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Clare Carroll, Nicole Guinan, Libby Kinneen, Denise Mulheir, Hannah Loughnane, Orla Joyce, Elaine Higgins, Emma Boyle, Margaret Mullarney, Rena Lyons
Although Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that "everyone has a right to freedom of opinion and expression", for people with communication disability this may not be a reality. This commentary shares a practical example of how people with communication disabilities together with speech-language pathology (SLP) students, academics and clinical staff co-designed and co-implemented a Communication Awareness Training Programme for catering staff to enable communication access in coffee shops and restaurants...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Declan Murphy, Rena Lyons, Clare Carroll, Mari Caulfield, Gráinne De Paor
According to Article 19 of the Universal Declaration on Human Rights "Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers." The purpose of this paper is to elucidate communication as a human right in the life of a young man called Declan who has Down syndrome. This commentary paper is co-written by Declan, his sister who is a speech-language pathologist (SLP) with an advocacy role, his SLP, and academics...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Vijay Agarwal, James G Malcolm, Gustavo Pradilla, Daniel L Barrow
We present a case of intraventricular meningioma resected via a transcortical approach using tractography for optic radiation and arcuate fasciculus preservation. We include a review of the literature. A 54-year-old woman with a history of breast cancer presented with gait imbalance. Workup revealed a mass in the atrium of the left lateral ventricle consistent with a meningioma. Whole brain automated diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was used to plan a transcortical resection while sparing the optic radiations and arcuate fasciculus...
September 28, 2017: Curēus
Akhtar E Ghassemi, Renee Fabus
Background: Despite the complexity of patient care and promise of interprofessional collaboration in health professional educational programs, interprofessional education and practice implementation challenges exist. Materials and Methods: A pilot study with a nonequivalent comparison before/after design was conducted to examine undergraduate students' and graduate students' knowledge of the role of nurses and speech-language pathologists (SLPs) while working with patients diagnosed with dysphagia...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
Stephanie Robertson, Hossein Azizpour, Kevin Smith, Johan Hartman
Breast cancer is the most common malignant disease in women worldwide. In recent decades, earlier diagnosis and better adjuvant therapy have substantially improved patient outcome. Diagnosis by histopathology has proven to be instrumental to guide breast cancer treatment, but new challenges have emerged as our increasing understanding of cancer over the years has revealed its complex nature. As patient demand for personalized breast cancer therapy grows, we face an urgent need for more precise biomarker assessment and more accurate histopathologic breast cancer diagnosis to make better therapy decisions...
November 7, 2017: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
Jolie Ringash, Lori J Bernstein, Gerald Devins, Colleen Dunphy, Meredith Giuliani, Rosemary Martino, Sara McEwen
Cancers of the head and neck and the treatments required to control them frequently result in serious and persistent impairments that can affect participation and quality of life. Increased recognition of the needs of cancer survivors and their caregivers has prompted research focused on the unique concerns of this complex group. Unmet needs have been identified among 60-70% of patients and a similar proportion of their partners; impacts can include profound social effects, isolation, and psychiatric conditions...
January 2018: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
Alan W Dow, Carole K Ivey, Brian B Shulman
Examining interprofessional practice through the lens of speech-language pathology identifies a number of challenges to and opportunities for interprofessional practice. While practitioners believe they practice interprofessionally, health services are often distributed across a network within which collaboration can falter. Certain professions, like speech-language pathology, are well-positioned to work across this network and improve care. Barriers to collaboration are interpersonal, structural, regulatory, and governmental...
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
Nina Capone Singleton
From a speech-language pathology perspective, there is a gap in interprofessional education/practice (IPE/IPP) that leads to a wait-and-see approach with late talkers (LT). In line with the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association's Strategic Pathway to Excellence, this article attempts to bridge the gap, reexamining the panoptic view that most LT "catch up" to their peers. The LT who persist with language disorder should not be overlooked. Late talking can impact socialization and school readiness, and can place some toddlers at risk for life-long disability...
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
Lemmietta G McNeilly
The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework is an excellent tool to facilitate the writing of functional goals for children who exhibit communication disorders and other developmental problems that require services from professionals in multiple therapeutic areas. The holistic view of children provides each professional with an approach that integrates how one's specific health conditions and contextual factors influence a child's functioning and participation in daily activities...
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
Magdalena Janus, Chantal Labonté, Ryan Kirkpatrick, Scott Davies, Eric Duku
PURPOSE: This study addressed the implications of experiencing early speech-language pathologies (SLPs) in kindergarten on special education needs (SEN) and academic outcomes in grade three. METHOD: Early Development Instrument (EDI) kindergarten data on development and the presence or absence of SLPs were matched with grade three school-system standardised tests of reading, writing and maths, and SEN classification in Ontario, Canada for 59 015 students. Children were classified as having a Persistent speech language pathology (SLP), Remittent SLP, Latent SEN or as a typically developing Control...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Debra M Jones, Lindy McAllister, David M Lyle
Access to healthcare is a fundamental human right for all Australians. Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights acknowledges the right to freedom of opinion and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas. Capacities for self-expression and effective communication underpin the realisation of these fundamental human rights. For rural and remote Australian children this realisation is compromised by complex disadvantages and inequities that contribute to communication delays, inequity of access to essential speech-language pathology services and poorer later life outcomes...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Elizabeth Doell, Sally Clendon
New Zealand Ministry of Education's proposal for an updated service to support children experiencing communication difficulties provides an opportunity to consider the essential criteria required for children to express their opinion, information and ideas as outlined under Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This commentary begins with a summary of key policies that provide strategic direction for enhancing children's rights to be actively involved in the development of services designed to support them and to communicate and participate in inclusive environments...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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