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Oral and maxillofacial pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494597/surgical-management-of-impacted-primary-teeth-report-of-two-cases
#1
G L Sfasciotti, G Di Carlo, R Marini, R Colaci, M Solidani, A Polimeni
AIM: Impaction of deciduous teeth is an uncommon event. The purpose of this report is to describe two unusual eruption failures of a second primary molar and their treatment management. CASE REPORT: The diagnostic and therapeutic protocol of two cases selected at the Unit of Paediatric Dentistry, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Science, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Italy, are presented. In both cases, the second deciduous molar was impacted, while no mechanical obstacle like odontomas or supernumerary teeth were present...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472562/prevalence-of-odontogenic-lesions-among-the-kanpur-population-an-institutional-study
#2
Amrita Raj, Gayathri Ramesh, Ramesh Nagarajappa, Amit Pandey, Ankita Raj
BACKGROUND: The frequency and incidence of odontogenic cysts and tumors are controversial and depends in the geographic location. These lesions have great clinical and histopathological diversity, and reflect a need for epidemiological profile to be considered when these lesions are studied. AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of odontogenic cysts and tumors over a period of 10 years and to compare with other data reported around the world...
May 2017: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462196/aggressive-unicystic-ameloblastoma-affecting-the-posterior-mandible-late-diagnosis-during-orthodontic-treatment
#3
Sérgio Lúcio Pereira de Castro Lopes, Isadora Luana Flores, Thiago de Oliveira Gamba, Rivea Ines Ferreira-Santos, Mari Eli Leonelli de Moraes, Aline Alvarez Cabello, Paula Nascimento Moutinho
Maxillofacial images must be examined to find pathologies not identified during clinical examination. Unicystic ameloblastoma (UA) extending to the mandibular body and ramus was neglected on initial panoramic radiographic examination. After orthodontic therapy, a huge lesion was observed clinically and through imaging exams. After the conservative surgery, no recurrence was observed during five years of follow-up. This case emphasized the need for careful evaluation of patient images focusing on the oral diagnosis before any dental treatment planning, including orthodontic therapy...
April 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461633/should-dental-schools-train-dentists-to-routinely-provide-limited-preventive-primary-medical-care-two-viewpoints-viewpoint-1-dentists-should-be-trained-to-routinely-provide-limited-preventive-primary-care-and-viewpoint-2-dentists-should-be-trained-in-primary
#4
Donald B Giddon, R Bruce Donoff, Paul C Edwards, Lawrence I Goldblatt
This Point/Counterpoint acknowledges the transformation of dental practice from a predominantly technically based profession with primary emphasis on restoration of the tooth and its supporting structures to that of a more medically based specialty focusing on the oral and maxillofacial complex. While both viewpoints accept the importance of this transformation, they differ on the ultimate desired outcome and how changes should be implemented during training of dentists as oral health professionals. Viewpoint 1 argues that, in response to a shortage of both primary care providers and access to affordable oral health care, dentists need to be able and willing to provide limited preventive primary care (LPPC), and dental educators should develop and implement training models to prepare them...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445696/which-factors-affect-citation-rates-in-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-literature
#5
Kristie Cheng, Thomas B Dodson, Mark A Egbert, Srinivas M Susarla
PURPOSE: Citation rate is one of several tools to measure academic productivity. The purposes of this study were to estimate and identify factors associated with citation rates in the oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective longitudinal study of publications in the Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (JOMS), International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (IJOMS), and Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, and Oral Radiology from January through December 2012...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429488/interdisciplinary-periodontics-the-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-planning-and-treatment-of-complex-cases
#6
REVIEW
Karl M Lyons, Ivan Darby
Periodontics cannot be practiced in isolation as frequently many patients have multiple dental needs or medical health issues requiring management. In addition, pathology may manifest in the periodontal tissues, and the onset and progression of periodontitis can be affected by systemic conditions, such as diabetes, and vice versa. The focus of this volume of Periodontology 2000 is interdisciplinary periodontics, and the articles included discuss the interactions and the interrelationshipbetween periodontal tissues/periodontal diseases and endodontics, fixed prosthodontics, implant dentistry, esthetics, gerodontology, radiology, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral pathology, special needs dentistry and general medicine...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419843/a-review-of-in-office-dynamic-image-navigation-for-extraction-of-complex-mandibular-third-molars
#7
Robert W Emery, Oxana Korj, Ravi Agarwal
PURPOSE: We performed a retrospective review of in-office removal of complex mandibular third molars with a dynamic image navigation system (DINS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of cases completed from 2010 to 2014 by a single oral and maxillofacial surgeon. The average age of the patients was 47 years (range, 27 to 72 years). Extraction complexity was classified with Juodzbalys and Daugela's classification system. The included study cases had complexity scores of 9 or greater...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413867/a-study-of-adjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-with-tri-weekly-cisplatin-for-postoperative-high-risk-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#8
Mitsunobu Otsuru, Yoshihide Ota, Takayuki Aoki, Masashi Sasaki, Takatugu Suzuki, Yuya Denda, Miho Takahashi, Takeshi Akiba, Akihiro Kaneko
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and safety profile of concurrent chemoradiotherapy with cisplatin in Japanese patients with postoperative high-risk oral cancer. METHODS: Patients with high-risk pathological features were selected from patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma who underwent surgery at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tokai University Hospital. Patients were given adjuvant chemoradiotherapy with tri-weekly cisplatin (100 mg/m(2)) (66 Gy/33 Fr), and the treatment completion rate was examined...
April 20, 2017: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411008/cone-beam-computed-tomography-incidental-findings-of-the-cervical-spine-and-clivus-retrospective-analysis-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Noura A Alsufyani
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze and describe incidental findings in the cervical spine (C-spine) and the clivus encountered in cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging. The wide range of possible anatomic variants and pathoses is discussed in the context of the medical and dental literature to clarify their radiographic appearance and clinical implications as a guide for the oral and maxillofacial radiologist. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of radiographic reports was conducted based on CBCT images from 2 oral and maxillofacial imaging centers...
March 19, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365866/retrospective-evaluation-of-paediatric-oral-biopsies-over-a-10-year-period-in-western-india
#10
S S Patil, U R Kontham, R K Kontham, A Chowdhery
AIM: This retrospective study reviewed the paediatric oral biopsies received over 10 years at a teaching hospital and dental college in India. It is important that paediatric dentists know the diagnostic tendencies of oral pathological conditions in children, and possess updated information for their diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: Biopsies of patients 17 years of age or younger were selected. Computerised data regarding age, gender, anatomic location, and histopathological diagnosis was retrieved and classified into nine categories...
April 1, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282517/risk-factor-analysis-of-graft-failure-with-concomitant-cyst-enucleation-of-the-jaw-bone-a-retrospective-multicenter-study
#11
Ho-Kyung Lim, Jin-Woo Kim, Ui-Lyong Lee, Ju-Won Kim, Ho Lee
PURPOSE: Cysts are common pathologic entities in the oral and maxillofacial region. Enucleation is commonly used for treatment and is occasionally followed by bone grafting. However, no studies have evaluated factors affecting the failure of grafts used for cystic defects in the oral and maxillofacial region. Therefore, the present study was conducted to determine the risk factors for postoperative graft failure in patients treated with cyst enucleation and simultaneous bone grafting...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280708/evaluation-of-postoperative-complications-according-to-treatment-of-third-molars-in-mandibular-angle-fracture
#12
Hye-Youn Lim, Tae-Young Jung, Sang-Jun Park
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the implication of third molars in postoperative complications of mandibular angle fracture with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected on patients who presented with mandibular angle fracture at our Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery between January 2011 and December 2015. Of the 63 total patients who underwent ORIF and perioperative intermaxillary fixation (IMF) with an arch bar, 49 patients were identified as having third molars in the fracture line and were followed up with until plate removal...
February 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251102/incidence-of-distal-caries-in-mandibular-second-molars-due-to-impacted-third-molars-nonintervention-strategy-of-asymptomatic-third-molars-causes-harm-a-retrospective-study
#13
Nikhil Srivastava, Akshay Shetty, Rahul Dev Goswami, Vijay Apparaju, Vivek Bagga, Saurabh Kale
BACKGROUND: Removal of impacted third molars is the most common oral surgical procedure. Many investigators have questioned the necessity of removal in patients who are free of symptoms or associated pathologies. AIM: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the incidence of caries on distal aspect of mandibular second molars in patients referred for corresponding third molar assessment and to identify its association with angular position and depth of the impacted mandibular third molars based on the classification of Pell and Gregory...
January 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243337/changes-in-physicochemical-and-biological-properties-of-porcine-bone-derived-hydroxyapatite-induced-by-the-incorporation-of-fluoride
#14
Wei Qiao, Quan Liu, Zhipeng Li, Hanqing Zhang, Zhuofan Chen
As the main inorganic component of xenogenic bone graft material, bone-derived biological apatite (BAp) has been widely used in implant dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery and orthopedics. However, BAp produced via calcination of animal bones still suffers from some drawbacks, such as insufficient mechanical strength and inadequate degradation rate, which impede its application. Fluoride is known to play important roles in both physiological and pathological processes of human hard tissues for its double effects on bones and teeth...
2017: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211022/a-comparative-study-of-the-perspectives-of-general-and-oral-and-maxillofacial-pathologists-about-the-rate-and-value-of-second-referral-in-assessment-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-pathologic-lesions
#15
Sayed Mohammad Razavi, Alireza Liaghatdar, Neda Kargahi
The main purpose in the practice of pathology is to provide an accurate diagnosis. Second referral and reassessment by a second pathologist significantly cause diagnostic errors, help to make an accurate diagnosis, and improve patient management. This study was aimed to assess the general perspectives of general and oral and maxillofacial pathologists in Iran on second referrals. In this cross-sectional, descriptive-analytical study, a 20-item questionnaire on second referrals was used to assess the general and oral and maxillofacial pathologists' perspective in Iran...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209002/ability-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-residents-in-diagnosing-jaw-cysts-a-retrospective-20-years-study
#16
Hassan Mohajerani, Mohammad Esmaeelinejad, Reza Mofidian
INTRODUCTION: Diagnosis of odontogenic cysts despite of their benign nature is a critical and challenging problem especially among undergraduate and postgraduate students. AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the capability of oral and maxillofacial surgery residents in diagnosing odontogenic cysts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was executed on 312 patient records over the past 20 years since October 1995 till December 2014 in Taleghani Hospital, Tehran, Iran...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194401/clinical-application-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-of-the-rabbit-head-part-2-dental-disease
#17
G G Riggs, Derek D Cissell, Boaz Arzi, David C Hatcher, Philip H Kass, Amy Zhen, Frank J M Verstraete
Domestic rabbits are increasing in popularity as household pets; therefore, veterinarians need to be familiar with the most common diseases afflicting rabbits including dental disease. Current diagnostic approaches include gross oral examination, endoscopic oral examination, skull radiography, and computed tomography (CT). Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), a new oral and maxillofacial imaging modality that has the capability to produce high-resolution images, has not yet been described for use in evaluating dental disease in rabbits...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174361/prevalence-and-pattern-of-mandibular-third-molar-impaction-in-eritrean-population-a-retrospective-study
#18
V Raj Kumar, Priya Yadav, Efrem Kahsu, Farhana Girkar, Rajnish Chakraborty
INTRODUCTION: The most commonly impacted tooth in the oral cavity is the mandibular third molar. Various etiologic factors have been suggested for impacted mandibular third molars. The pattern and prevalence of impacted mandibular third molars vary with different population and region. This study throws light on the prevalence and pattern of impacted mandibular third molars in Eritrea, East Africa. This is the first reported study regarding the same from Eritrea. AIM: To assess the prevalence and pattern of impacted mandibu-lar third molars in the population of Eritrea, East Africa by conducting a retrospective study from January 2009 to January 2014...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089087/prevalence-profile-of-odontogenic-cysts-and-tumors-on-brazilian-sample-after-the-reclassification-of-odontogenic-keratocyst
#19
Filipe Jaeger, Mariana Saturnino de Noronha, Maiza Luiza Vieira Silva, Márcio Bruno Figueiredo Amaral, Soraya de Mattos Carmago Grossmann, Martinho Campolina Rebello Horta, Paulo Eduardo Alencar de Souza, Maria Cássia Ferreira de Aguiar, Ricardo Alves Mesquita
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the reclassification of odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) as a tumor on the prevalence profile of odontogenic cysts (OCs) and odontogenic tumors (OTs). STUDY DESIGN: Two referral Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology services in Brazil were evaluated. All cases diagnosed as OCs or OTs were selected and classified according to the 1992 WHO-classification (cases before 2005 WHO classification of tumors excluding OKC) and the 2005 WHO classification of tumors, going forward including cases of odontogenic keratocyst tumor (KCOT)...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029726/a-novel-strategy-for-diagnosing-viral-versus-bacterial-infection-implications-for-oral-diseases
#20
Nataly Kravchenko-Balasha, Aframian J Doron
Infections in the maxillofacial complex, including the oral cavity, are common and in certain cases may develop into a severe condition with life threating complications in healthy populations but especially in medical compromised patients (Moazzam et al, 2015). Often, treatment is based on personal experts' experience with limited accuracy obtained from diagnostic laboratory tests. Consequently, "trial and error" attempts are usually implemented until success, in the best case, is accomplished. As a result, there is a pressing need in clinical practice for developing efficient tools for understanding the pathological nature of the infection and its rapid identification based on infection biomarkers...
December 28, 2016: Oral Diseases
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