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Chinese health and nutritional survey

Cai Chen, Ya-Qin Tu, Ping Yang, Qi-Lin Yu, Shu Zhang, Fei Xiong, Cong-Yi Wang
Although the impact of cigarette smoking on glucose homeostasis has been extensively studied, the results, however, are still not conclusive. We, therefore, conducted a cross-sectional analysis of a non-diabetic Chinese cohort collected by the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS 2009) to comprehensively assess the relationship between smoking, Hemoglobin A1c, β-cell function and insulin sensitivity. The cohort included a total of 5965 individuals (47.4% male) with a mean age of 49.23 years, and 4140 of which were non-smokers (69...
2018: American Journal of Translational Research
Weiyan Gong, Yan Zhang, Yecheng Yao, Zheng Chen, Ailing Liu, Gangqiang Ding
OBJECTIVE: Analyzing and described the beverage consumption among Chinese adults. METHODS: Using the data from nutrition and health monitoring of Chinese residents in 2010-2012. Multi-stage stratified proportion to the population cluster random sampling method was conducted to determine residents in 150 sites in 31 provinces. The food frequency questionnaire was used to collect the consumption frequency and amount of the carbonated beverage, fresh fruit and vegetable juice, fruit and vegetable juice beverage, lactobacillus beverage, dairy drink mix, coffee and tea beverage...
May 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Xiaoyue Xu, Deborah Parker, Zumin Shi, Julie Byles, John Hall, Louise Hickman
Background: There is a paucity of studies that have explored the association between dietary pattern and cognitive function, and whether there is an interaction between dietary pattern and hypertension in relation to older people's cognitive functioning. Methods: We analyzed data from the China Health and Nutrition (CHNS) survey. Dietary data have been collected since 1991, and cognitive function interview data were collected between 1997 and 2006. We analyzed ten years of data, including 4,847 participants with 10,658 observations (aged ≥55 years)...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Tingchao He, Meichen Wang, Zixing Tian, Jian Zhang, Yan Liu, Yumei Zhang, Peiyu Wang, Yong Xue
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to explore the association between frequency of spicy food consumption and risk of hypertension in Chinese adults. METHODS: Data were extracted from the 2009 wave of the China Health and Nutrition Survey, consisting of 9273 apparently healthy adults. Height, weight, and blood pressure (BP) were measured and diet was assessed with three consecutive 24-h recalls in combination with a weighed food inventory. Frequency of spicy food consumption and degree of pungency in spicy food consumption were self-reported...
August 4, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Y R Li, J Wang, L Y Zhao, Z H Wang, D M Yu, Y N He, G G Ding
Objective: To investigate the drinking status and associated factors in adults in China. Methods: Based on the 2010-2012 China National Nutrition and Health Survey (CNNHS), a total of 135 824 participants aged ≥18 were included in this cross-sectional analysis. Multivariable logistic regression model was used to investigate the associated factors for drinking status. Results: The overall drinking rate was 30.5 % in Chinese adults, 53.8 % in men, and 12.2 % in women. The excessive drinking rate was 14.0 % in men and 1...
July 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Y N He, W H Zhao, G Y Bai, Y H Fang, J Zhang, X G Yang, G G Ding
Objective: To explore the relationship between meat consumption and metabolic syndrome (MS) in Chinese adults aged ≥18 years. Methods: The data were obtained from 2010- 2012 National Nutrition and Health Survey. A total of 34 923 subjects who completed the dietary survey, the physical examination and had the testing results of blood sugar and blood lipid levels were enrolled in this study. MS was defined according to the diagnostic criteria of China Diabetes Society 2013. The prevalence ratios of MS and each form of MS and related 95 %CI were calculated after post stratification weight according to the population data (2009) released by the national bureau of statistics...
July 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
G G Ding, J S Chen
Public nutrition is related to the improvement of population health and the development of social economy. Nutrition and health survey can provide indispensable information for public health and disease prevention and control to improve people's nutritional and health status and support the policy making of food production and chronic diseases prevention and control. In recent years, China's nutritional supply capacity has increased significantly. Our people's nutritional and health status has improved significantly...
July 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Mengmeng Huang, Pan Zhuang, Jingjing Jiao, Jun Wang, Xinyu Chen, Yu Zhang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Government has popularized potatoes as the staple food in China. Potatoes as a potassium-rich food show high glycemic responses after consumption. Whether potato consumption is prospectively linked with the risk of hypertension remains unclear in oriental populations. In this study, we aimed to investigate the association of potato consumption with the risk of hypertension among Chinese people. METHODS: A total of 11,763 adults (≥20 years old) who were free of hypertension at baseline were enrolled from China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) Cohort study in 1989-2011...
July 2, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Nan Zhang
BACKGROUND: China has seen rapid socio-economic changes and epidemiological transitions in the last few decades. Previous studies often fail to examine how wider macro-level forces contribute to changes in health inequality among its population in China. This study aims to examine urban/rural inequalities in cardiovascular (CVD) risks biomarkers among Chinese adolescents in two decades from 1991 to 2011 during the process of China's rapid urbanisation. METHODS: Data were drawn from a nationwide longitudinal dataset of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) (Sweeps 1991, 1993, 1997, 2000, 2004, 2006, 2009 and 2011)...
July 11, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Shihan Zhen, Yanan Ma, Zhongyi Zhao, Xuelian Yang, Deliang Wen
BACKGROUND: Associations of dietary patterns in Chinese adolescents and children with later obesity have not previously been investigated. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the associations between dietary patterns and the risk of obesity in Chinese adolescents and children by using a longitudinal design. METHODS: Data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS), a nationally representative survey, were used for our analysis. 489 participants 6-14 years of age were followed from 2006 to 2011...
July 11, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Panpan Zhao, Xiaoli Gu, Dongfu Qian, Fan Yang
BACKGROUND: Abdominal obesity has become an important public health issue in China. Socioeconomic disparities are thought to be closely related to the prevalence of abdominal obesity. Exploring socioeconomic disparities in abdominal obesity over the life course in China could inform the design of new interventions to prevent and control abdominal obesity. METHODS: The China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) was a prospective household-based study involving seven rounds of surveys between 1993 and 2011...
July 5, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Y J Chen, Y H Dong, Z H Wang, Z P Yang, H P Zhao, J Ma
Objective: To understand the nutritional status among Chinese students of five ethnic minorities aged 7-18 years. Methods: Chinese National Survey on Students Constitution and Health in 2014 applied multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling, including 214 354 students from 31 province of China mainland. 73 students whose height or weight information were missing, were excluded. 25 968 minority students aged 7-18 years from Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Jilin Provinces were included for data analysis, including Mongolian ( n= 5 107), Hui ( n= 5 308), Uygur ( n= 5 740), Zhuang ( n= 5 267) and Korean ( n= 4 546) students...
March 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Kristy A Bolton, Peter Kremer, Kylie D Hesketh, Rachel Laws, Konsita Kuswara, Karen J Campbell
BACKGROUND: Chinese immigrants are the third largest immigrant group in Australia. Recent qualitative evidence from Victorian Maternal and Child Health nurses indicate that infants of Chinese parents commonly have rapid growth trajectories and that high value is placed on rapid growth and having a fatter child; with low breastfeeding rates and overfeeding of infant formula. The aim of this study was to compare infant feeding practices (breastfeeding, infant formula, other liquids, solids) of Chinese-born and Australian-born mothers living in Australia...
June 28, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Xin Liu, Wei Gan, Chuqi Gao, Xin Qi, Xia Liao, Jing Lin, Yaling Zhao
PURPOSE: High-protein diets were popular in weight control. However, the role of protein intake in adiposity and related metabolic conditions among general populations is not clear. We aimed to evaluate the associations of protein intake with adiposity and glycaemic control among adult Chinese in a nationwide population-based survey. METHODS: The data were from China Health and Nutrition Survey 2009. A total of 9360 men and women aged 18 years or older were included...
June 13, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
So-Young Kwak, Clara Yongjoo Park, Garam Jo, Oh Yoen Kim, Min-Jeong Shin
Vitamin D deficiency affects >60% of the Korean population. Recent reports in Caucasian, African American, and Chinese populations indicate an association between vitamin D status and related single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), but specific associations differ among study populations. We investigated the relationship between five SNPs involved in the vitamin D metabolic pathway (DHCR7 rs12785878, GC rs2282679, CYP2R1 rs12794714, CYP2R1 rs10741657, and CYP24A1 rs6013897) and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] status in Koreans using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a nationwide database...
June 22, 2018: Endocrine Journal
Y N Cai, X T Pei, P P Sun, Y P Xu, L Liu, Z G Ping
Objective: To explore the characteristics of distribution on Chinese adult body mass index (BMI) in different age groups and genders and to provide reference related to obesity and related chronic diseases. Methods: Data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey in 2009 were used. Sequential sample cluster method was used to analyze the characteristics of BMI distribution in different age groups and genders by SAS. Results: Our results showed that the adult BMI in China should be divided into 3 groups according to their age, as 20 to 40 years old, 40 to 65 years old, and> 65 years old, in females or in total when grouped by difference of 5 years...
June 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Pan Zhuang, Qiyang Shou, Wenqiao Wang, Lilin He, Jun Wang, Jingnan Chen, Yu Zhang, Jingjing Jiao
SCOPE: To assess the associations of dietary linoleic acid (LA) and α-linolenic acid (ALA) with type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk in a population-based cohort and further explore the mechanism of action in a high-fat-diet induced obese (DIO) mouse model. METHODS AND RESULTS: The occurrence of T2D among 15,100 healthy Chinese adults from China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS, 1997-2011) were followed up for a median of 14 years. The relations of ALA and LA intakes with T2D risk were modified by BMI, with significant associations restricted to obese/overweight subjects...
June 23, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Y Song, Y T Lei, P J Hu, B Zhang, J Ma
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the situation of physical fitness among Chinese Han students in 2014, so as to develop the guideline of physical activity regarding to the targeted students and to provide bases for the improvements of students' physical fitness. METHODS: Subjects were from 2014 Chinese National Surveys on Students' Constitution and Health (CNSSCH). In this survey, 212 401 Han students aged 7-18 years participated and the measurement of physical fitness completed...
June 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Y H Dong, Y Song, B Dong, Z Y Zou, Z H Wang, Z G Yang, X J Wang, Y H Li, J Ma
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemic situation of blood pressure (BP) status and its association with nutritional status among Chinese children and adolescents aged 7-18 years old in 2014, and to provide important scientific basis for the control of students' hypertension. METHODS: All the subjects aged 7 to 18 years in both genders were sampled from 2014 Chinese national surveys on students' constitution and health. BP status was evaluated according to Chinese national gender-, age- and height-specific references, including hypertension (HTN), elevated hypertension (elevated HTN), isolated systolic HTN (SHTN), isolated diastolic HTN (DHTN) and mix HTN...
June 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Yaru Li, Liyun Zhao, Dongmei Yu, Zhihong Wang, Gangqiang Ding
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine sex disparity in metabolic syndrome prevalence and its risk factors among Chinese adults. METHODS: Using the 2010-2012 China National Nutrition and Health Survey (CNNHS), a nationally representative cross-sectional study on nutrition and non-communicable chronic diseases, a total of 98,042 participants aged 18 years and older were included in the analysis. Dietary information was collected with a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
2018: PloS One
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