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Chinese health and nutritional survey

Jian Zhang, Shengjie Tan, Ai Zhao, Meichen Wang, Peiyu Wang, Yumei Zhang
AIM: To investigate the association between patterns of nutrient intake and serum lipids in Chinese women aged 18-80 years. METHODS: In the present study, cross-sectional data were analysed from 2886 female participants aged 18-80 years from the China Health and Nutrition Survey wave 2009. Nutrient patterns were identified using factor analysis combined with cluster analysis based on the data of nutrient intake for three consecutive days. Multivariate linear regression models were used to estimate the association of nutrient patterns with serum lipids...
October 19, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
Yaru Li, Liyun Zhao, Dongmei Yu, Gangqiang Ding
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the prevalence and risk factors of dyslipidemia in different diabetic progression stages among middle-aged and elderly Chinese populations. METHODS: The 2010-2012 China National Nutrition and Health Survey (CNNHS) is a nationally representative cross-sectional study. In the present study, a total of 69,974 participants aged ≥ 45 years were included. Dyslipidemia was defined based on the Chinese adult dyslipidemia prevention guide...
2018: PloS One
Wenzhi Zhao, Jian Zhang, Ai Zhao, Meichen Wang, Wei Wu, Shengjie Tan, Mofan Guo, Yumei Zhang
BACKGROUND: It is reported that an increase in food diversity would lower the risk of cardiac-cerebral vascular diseases. METHODS: A new index was introduced to develop a Chinese healthy food diversity (HFD) index, exploring the association with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components among Chinese adults. Two sets of data were used. The primary data were from a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2016 called the Chinese Urban Adults Diet and Health Study (CUADHS); the verification data were from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) of 2009...
October 3, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Jungwon Min, Alice Fang Yan, Youfa Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study examined secular trends in children's weight-status assessment, measured weight status, and ideal body image and their associations with subsequent changes in BMI, and it explored the differences between sociodemographic groups in China. METHODS: Longitudinal data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey of 4,605 children aged 6 to 17 collected between 2000 and 2011 were used and fitted to mixed models. RESULTS: From 2000 to 2011, overweight/obesity prevalence increased from 6...
October 3, 2018: Obesity
Alice Yunzi L Yu, Nancy López-Olmedo, Barry M Popkin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To examine temporal trends in dietary energy, fat, carbohydrate, protein, sodium and potassium intake of Chinese adolescents aged 12 - 17 years by sex and urbanicity, using data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Individual level, consecutive 3 - day 24-hour recalls were analyzed from survey years 1991 (n=504), 2000 (n=665), and 2011 (n=267) from nine provinces representing a range of geography, economic development, and health indicators in China...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Simiao Tian, Yang Xu, Huimin Dong
Although obesity is clearly identified as a risk factor for hypertension, the association between its different metabolic phenotypes and hypertension remains unclear. We aimed to investigate this association and compare the degree of association between metabolic health and obesity phenotypes defined by 5 representative criteria and hypertension risk.This study used data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey 2009 wave, and the final analysis included 7632 subjects aged 18 to 85 years with available fasting blood samples and anthropometric measurements...
September 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Fang Wang, Kevin He, Jinwei Wang, Ming-Hui Zhao, Yi Li, Luxia Zhang, Rajiv Saran, Jennifer L Bragg-Gresham
Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important noncommunicable disease globally. Overall prevalence of CKD and distribution of its stages differ between countries. We postulate that these differences may not only be due to variation in prevalence of risk factors but also their differential impact in different populations or settings. Methods: We used nationally representative data on the adult populations from both the United States (US; National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey [NHANES], 2009 to 2010, N = 5557) and China (China National Survey of CKD, 2009 to 2010, N = 46,949)...
September 2018: KI Reports
Hongwei Xu
Capitalizing on the biomarker data from the 2009 wave of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS), this study examines the extent to which multilevel socioeconomic status (SES) gets "under the skin" to affect individuals' health, measured by allostatic load (AL). Multilevel analyses suggest that in the context of China's socioeconomic and health transitions, high income, prestigious but sedentary occupations, and high level of urbanization were independently associated with higher AL scores, or increased health risks of physiological dysfunction in cardiovascular, metabolic, inflammation, and urinary systems...
September 2018: Health & Place
Z Wang, A M Siega-Riz, P Gordon-Larsen, J Cai, L S Adair, B Zhang, B M Popkin
AIM: We examined the association between diet quality and diabetes and major cardiometabolic risks among adults in China. METHODS AND RESULTS: We developed the China Dietary Guideline Index (CDGI) based on the 2007 Chinese dietary guidelines and tailored the Alternate Healthy Eating Index 2010 (which we call the tAHEI) to assess diet quality. Our analysis linked the dietary intake and covariates measured in 2006 with CM risk factors measured in 2009. We used diet data the longitudinal China Health and Nutrition Survey 2006 collected in 3 consecutive 24-h recalls from 4440 adults aged 18 to 65 to calculate both the tAHEI and the CDGI scores...
October 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Z P Yang, Y H Dong, Z H Wang, R B Xu, Z G Yang, R Tian, X J Wang, Y J Chen, Z Y Zou, J Ma
Objective: To analyze the prevalence of physical fitness among Chinese Han students aged 13-18 years in 2014, and explore related influencing factors. Methods: This study recruited 106 881 Han students aged 13-18 years who had taken physical fitness test from Chinese National Survey on Students' Constitution and Health in 2014. After the exclusion of 1 047 students without complete records of physical fitness test, 105 834 students were included in the final analysis. According to the National Student Physical Health Standard modified in 2014, seven indicators including body mass index, vital capacity, 50-m run, sit-and-reach, standing broad jump, pull-ups/curl-ups and endurance run were tested to calculate the total score of students' physical fitness...
August 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Y H Dong, Z G Yang, Y D Yang, S Wang, Z H Wang, X J Wang, Y J Chen, Z Y Zou, J Ma
Objective: This study aimed to explore the association between malnutrition and the level of blood pressure (BP) as well as elevated BP (EBP) in Han students aged 7 to 18 years in China. Methods: 170 037 subjects with normal nutritional status and malnutrition were enrolled in this study from 2014 Chinese National Surveys on Students' Constitution and Health with a multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling framework covering 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities after the exclusion of 44 317 overweight and obese students...
August 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Cai Chen, Ya-Qin Tu, Ping Yang, Qi-Lin Yu, Shu Zhang, Fei Xiong, Cong-Yi Wang
Although the impact of cigarette smoking on glucose homeostasis has been extensively studied, the results, however, are still not conclusive. We, therefore, conducted a cross-sectional analysis of a non-diabetic Chinese cohort collected by the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS 2009) to comprehensively assess the relationship between smoking, Hemoglobin A1c, β-cell function and insulin sensitivity. The cohort included a total of 5965 individuals (47.4% male) with a mean age of 49.23 years, and 4140 of which were non-smokers (69...
2018: American Journal of Translational Research
Weiyan Gong, Yan Zhang, Yecheng Yao, Zheng Chen, Ailing Liu, Gangqiang Ding
OBJECTIVE: Analyzing and described the beverage consumption among Chinese adults. METHODS: Using the data from nutrition and health monitoring of Chinese residents in 2010-2012. Multi-stage stratified proportion to the population cluster random sampling method was conducted to determine residents in 150 sites in 31 provinces. The food frequency questionnaire was used to collect the consumption frequency and amount of the carbonated beverage, fresh fruit and vegetable juice, fruit and vegetable juice beverage, lactobacillus beverage, dairy drink mix, coffee and tea beverage...
May 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Xiaoyue Xu, Deborah Parker, Zumin Shi, Julie Byles, John Hall, Louise Hickman
Background: There is a paucity of studies that have explored the association between dietary pattern and cognitive function, and whether there is an interaction between dietary pattern and hypertension in relation to older people's cognitive functioning. Methods: We analyzed data from the China Health and Nutrition (CHNS) survey. Dietary data have been collected since 1991, and cognitive function interview data were collected between 1997 and 2006. We analyzed ten years of data, including 4,847 participants with 10,658 observations (aged ≥55 years)...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Tingchao He, Meichen Wang, Zixing Tian, Jian Zhang, Yan Liu, Yumei Zhang, Peiyu Wang, Yong Xue
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to explore the association between frequency of spicy food consumption and risk of hypertension in Chinese adults. METHODS: Data were extracted from the 2009 wave of the China Health and Nutrition Survey, consisting of 9273 apparently healthy adults. Height, weight, and blood pressure (BP) were measured and diet was assessed with three consecutive 24-h recalls in combination with a weighed food inventory. Frequency of spicy food consumption and degree of pungency in spicy food consumption were self-reported...
August 4, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Y R Li, J Wang, L Y Zhao, Z H Wang, D M Yu, Y N He, G G Ding
Objective: To investigate the drinking status and associated factors in adults in China. Methods: Based on the 2010-2012 China National Nutrition and Health Survey (CNNHS), a total of 135 824 participants aged ≥18 were included in this cross-sectional analysis. Multivariable logistic regression model was used to investigate the associated factors for drinking status. Results: The overall drinking rate was 30.5 % in Chinese adults, 53.8 % in men, and 12.2 % in women. The excessive drinking rate was 14.0 % in men and 1...
July 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Y N He, W H Zhao, G Y Bai, Y H Fang, J Zhang, X G Yang, G G Ding
Objective: To explore the relationship between meat consumption and metabolic syndrome (MS) in Chinese adults aged ≥18 years. Methods: The data were obtained from 2010- 2012 National Nutrition and Health Survey. A total of 34 923 subjects who completed the dietary survey, the physical examination and had the testing results of blood sugar and blood lipid levels were enrolled in this study. MS was defined according to the diagnostic criteria of China Diabetes Society 2013. The prevalence ratios of MS and each form of MS and related 95 %CI were calculated after post stratification weight according to the population data (2009) released by the national bureau of statistics...
July 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
G G Ding, J S Chen
Public nutrition is related to the improvement of population health and the development of social economy. Nutrition and health survey can provide indispensable information for public health and disease prevention and control to improve people's nutritional and health status and support the policy making of food production and chronic diseases prevention and control. In recent years, China's nutritional supply capacity has increased significantly. Our people's nutritional and health status has improved significantly...
July 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Mengmeng Huang, Pan Zhuang, Jingjing Jiao, Jun Wang, Xinyu Chen, Yu Zhang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Government has popularized potatoes as the staple food in China. Potatoes as a potassium-rich food show high glycemic responses after consumption. Whether potato consumption is prospectively linked with the risk of hypertension remains unclear in oriental populations. In this study, we aimed to investigate the association of potato consumption with the risk of hypertension among Chinese people. METHODS: A total of 11,763 adults (≥20 years old) who were free of hypertension at baseline were enrolled from China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) Cohort study in 1989-2011...
July 2, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Nan Zhang
BACKGROUND: China has seen rapid socio-economic changes and epidemiological transitions in the last few decades. Previous studies often fail to examine how wider macro-level forces contribute to changes in health inequality among its population in China. This study aims to examine urban/rural inequalities in cardiovascular (CVD) risks biomarkers among Chinese adolescents in two decades from 1991 to 2011 during the process of China's rapid urbanisation. METHODS: Data were drawn from a nationwide longitudinal dataset of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) (Sweeps 1991, 1993, 1997, 2000, 2004, 2006, 2009 and 2011)...
July 11, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
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