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Chinese health and nutritional survey

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30515234/comparison-of-the-outcomes-of-three-different-nutritional-supports-in-patients-with-oral-and-maxillofacial-malignant-tumors-following-surgery
#1
Chen Zou, Xuan Zhou, Shuhan Zhuang, Guowei Huang, Hongwu Wang
Objective. This study aimed to compare the physical and mental states and the clinical effects of parenteral nutrition combined with enteral nutrition (PN+EN), total enteral nutrition (TEN), and total parenteral nutrition (TPN) after surgery in patients with maxillofacial malignant tumors. Methods. A total of 112 patients were divided into three groups, with 58, 33, and 21 patients in the PN+EN, TPN, and TEN groups, respectively. The psychological survey contained the Faces Pain Scale-Revised (FRS-R), visual analog scale (VAS), numerical rating scale (NRS), Hamilton anxiety rating scale (HAMA), and short-form 36 health survey questionnaire (SF-36)...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30475874/the-longitudinal-trajectory-of-body-mass-index-in-the-chinese-population-a-latent-growth-curve-analysis
#2
Feifei Huang, Minqiang Zhang, Yan Li, Zhe Li, Junyan Fang, Kaiyin Guo
AIMS: The objective of this study was to investigate the longitudinal trajectory of BMI in the Chinese population, and to assess whether the gender or other personal characteristics were related to BMI, and whether there was a change in trajectory over time. METHODS: Data were obtained from 3,574 Chinese (5 to 89 years of age) who participated in the 2000-2011 of the China Health and Nutrition Survey. Latent growth curve models were used to investigate the longitudinal trajectory of BMI, and to examine the effect of some personal characteristics on BMI trajectory...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30462949/-prevalence-of-alcohol-drinking-and-influencing-factors-in-female-adults-in-china-2010-2012
#3
Y H Fang, Y N He, G Y Bai, W H Zhao
Objective: To understand the prevalence of alcohol drinking and influencing factors in female adults in China. Methods: At the 150 survey sites where 2010-2012 Chinese nutrition and health surveillance was conducted, a face to face questionnaire survey was conducted in female adults selected through multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling. Sample weights was assigned to each participant based on the study design by using national population census data in 2009. The complex sampling and unconditional multivariate logistics regression analysis was conducted to identify the influencing factors for the prevalence of alcohol drinking in the female adults...
November 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30423274/a-scan-of-obesogenic-environments-and-a-spatial-inference-of-obesity-prevalence-in-chinese-children-and-adolescents-based-on-the-chinese-health-and-nutrition-survey-2011-data
#4
Chun Lei Guo, Bing Zhang, Hui Jun Wang, Guo Shuang Feng, Jun Ming Li, Chang Su, Ji Guo Zhang, Zhi Hong Wang, Wen Wen DU
OBJECTIVE: To identify the characteristics of Chinese obesogenic environments at a provincial level, infer a spatial distribution map of obesity prevalence in 31 provinces, and provide a foundation for development of policy to reduce obesity in children and adolescents. METHODS: After scanning obesity data on subjects aged 7-17 years from 12 provinces in the China Health and Nutrition Survey 2011 and environmental data on 31 provinces from the China Statistical Yearbook 2011 and other sources, we selected 12 predictors...
October 2018: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30400573/dietary-diversity-and-food-variety-in-chinese-children-aged-3%C3%A2-17-years-are-they-negatively-associated-with-dietary-micronutrient-inadequacy
#5
Liping Meng, Yan Wang, Ting Li, Carolien Annika van Loo-Bouwman, Yumei Zhang, Ignatius Man-Yau Szeto
Micronutrient inadequacy remains a nutritional problem in Chinese children. However, the associations between dietary diversity and inadequate micronutrient intake have not been extensively studied. A total of 2012 children aged 3⁻17 years from the China Health and Nutrition Survey were included for analysis. Dietary diversity score (DDS) and food variety scores (FVS) were assessed based on three 24-h recall periods. The nutrient adequacy ratio (NAR) was used to determine the micronutrient adequacy of the diet...
November 5, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30366915/comparison-of-coronary-heart-disease-risk-assessments-among-individuals-with-metabolic-syndrome-using-three-diagnostic-definitions-a-cross-sectional-study-from-china
#6
Juan Zhou, Qin Gao, Jun Wang, Min Zhang, Jianping Ma, Changyi Wang, Hongen Chen, Xiaolin Peng, Liping Hao
OBJECTIVE: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a notable risk factor of coronary heart disease (CHD). However, there are differences in the methods used to define MetS. The purpose of this study was to determine which MetS definition most fully reflects the 10-year probability of CHD based on the Framingham risk algorithm. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data were obtained from the China Health and Nutrition Survey and the Influencing Factors of Chronic Diseases Survey conducted among residents of Nanshan District in Shenzhen, China...
October 25, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30360488/prevalence-of-anaemia-and-iron-deficiency-among-primary-schoolchildren-in-malaysia
#7
Safii Nik Shanita, Awal Siti Hanisa, Ab Rahim Noor Afifah, Shoo Thien Lee, Kar Hau Chong, Penny George, Abu Bakar Norazida, Siti Balkis Budin, Ilse Khouw, A Karim Norimah, Bee Koon Poh
The present study aimed to report the prevalence of anaemia and iron deficiency (ID) and to explore the associations among socio-demographic characteristics, nutritional status and inflammation status in the occurrence of anaemia and ID in a nationally representative sample of Malaysian primary schoolchildren. Using data from the South East Asian Nutrition Surveys (SEANUTS), 544 Malaysian children aged 7 to 12 years were included in this secondary analysis. Blood samples were drawn for haemoglobin and serum ferritin analysis while C-reactive protein (CRP) and α-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) were measured to detect inflammation...
October 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30354891/chinese-residents-educational-disparity-and-social-insurance-coverage
#8
Yen-Han Lee, Timothy Chiang, Mack Shelley, Ching-Ti Liu
PURPOSE: The Chinese society has embraced rapid social reforms since the late twentieth century, including educational and healthcare systems. The Chinese Central Government launched an ambitious health reform program in 2009 to improve service quality and provide affordable health services, regardless of individual socio-economic status. Currently, the Chinese social health insurance includes Urban Employee Basic Medical Insurance, Urban Resident Basic Medical Insurance, and New Cooperative Medical Insurance for rural residents...
August 13, 2018: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30354282/inequality-in-the-treatment-of-diabetes-and-hypertension-across-residency-status-in-china
#9
Toshiaki Aizawa
OBJECTIVES: This paper studies the institutional inequality that exists in the prevalence of diabetes and hypertension, as well as their diagnosis and medication management, between urban and rural residency status (hukou) holders in China. METHODS: Exploiting the Chinese Health and Nutrition Survey, we primarily demonstrate that while a lower proportion of rural residency holders suffer from diabetes and hypertension, a larger proportion have never been diagnosed with these conditions and do not take medicine to control them...
October 25, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338924/association-between-nutrient-patterns-and-serum-lipids-in-chinese-adult-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Jian Zhang, Shengjie Tan, Ai Zhao, Meichen Wang, Peiyu Wang, Yumei Zhang
AIM: To investigate the association between patterns of nutrient intake and serum lipids in Chinese women aged 18-80 years. METHODS: In the present study, cross-sectional data were analysed from 2886 female participants aged 18-80 years from the China Health and Nutrition Survey wave 2009. Nutrient patterns were identified using factor analysis combined with cluster analysis based on the data of nutrient intake for three consecutive days. Multivariate linear regression models were used to estimate the association of nutrient patterns with serum lipids...
October 19, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325950/the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-dyslipidemia-in-different-diabetic-progression-stages-among-middle-aged-and-elderly-populations-in-china
#11
Yaru Li, Liyun Zhao, Dongmei Yu, Gangqiang Ding
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the prevalence and risk factors of dyslipidemia in different diabetic progression stages among middle-aged and elderly Chinese populations. METHODS: The 2010-2012 China National Nutrition and Health Survey (CNNHS) is a nationally representative cross-sectional study. In the present study, a total of 69,974 participants aged ≥ 45 years were included. Dyslipidemia was defined based on the Chinese adult dyslipidemia prevention guide...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30285642/using-an-introduced-index-to-assess-the-association-between-food-diversity-and-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-in-chinese-adults
#12
Wenzhi Zhao, Jian Zhang, Ai Zhao, Meichen Wang, Wei Wu, Shengjie Tan, Mofan Guo, Yumei Zhang
BACKGROUND: It is reported that an increase in food diversity would lower the risk of cardiac-cerebral vascular diseases. METHODS: A new index was introduced to develop a Chinese healthy food diversity (HFD) index, exploring the association with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components among Chinese adults. Two sets of data were used. The primary data were from a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2016 called the Chinese Urban Adults Diet and Health Study (CUADHS); the verification data were from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) of 2009...
October 3, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30281208/mismatch-in-children-s-weight-assessment-ideal-body-image-and-rapidly-increased-obesity-prevalence-in-china-a-10-year-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#13
Jungwon Min, Alice Fang Yan, Youfa Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study examined secular trends in children's weight-status assessment, measured weight status, and ideal body image and their associations with subsequent changes in BMI, and it explored the differences between sociodemographic groups in China. METHODS: Longitudinal data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey of 4,605 children aged 6 to 17 collected between 2000 and 2011 were used and fitted to mixed models. RESULTS: From 2000 to 2011, overweight/obesity prevalence increased from 6...
November 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30272859/analysis-of-dietary-trends-in-chinese-adolescents-from-1991-to-2011
#14
Alice Yunzi L Yu, Nancy López-Olmedo, Barry M Popkin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To examine temporal trends in dietary energy, fat, carbohydrate, protein, sodium and potassium intake of Chinese adolescents aged 12 - 17 years by sex and urbanicity, using data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Individual level, consecutive 3 - day 24-hour recalls were analyzed from survey years 1991 (n=504), 2000 (n=665), and 2011 (n=267) from nine provinces representing a range of geography, economic development, and health indicators in China...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30235720/the-effect-of-metabolic-health-and-obesity-phenotypes-on-risk-of-hypertension-a-nationwide-population-based-study-using-5-representative-definitions-of-metabolic-health
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Simiao Tian, Yang Xu, Huimin Dong
Although obesity is clearly identified as a risk factor for hypertension, the association between its different metabolic phenotypes and hypertension remains unclear. We aimed to investigate this association and compare the degree of association between metabolic health and obesity phenotypes defined by 5 representative criteria and hypertension risk.This study used data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey 2009 wave, and the final analysis included 7632 subjects aged 18 to 85 years with available fasting blood samples and anthropometric measurements...
September 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30197980/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-ckd-a-comparison-between-the-adult-populations-in-china-and-the-united-states
#16
Fang Wang, Kevin He, Jinwei Wang, Ming-Hui Zhao, Yi Li, Luxia Zhang, Rajiv Saran, Jennifer L Bragg-Gresham
Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important noncommunicable disease globally. Overall prevalence of CKD and distribution of its stages differ between countries. We postulate that these differences may not only be due to variation in prevalence of risk factors but also their differential impact in different populations or settings. Methods: We used nationally representative data on the adult populations from both the United States (US; National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey [NHANES], 2009 to 2010, N = 5557) and China (China National Survey of CKD, 2009 to 2010, N = 46,949)...
September 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30172822/multilevel-socioeconomic-differentials-in-allostatic-load-among-chinese-adults
#17
Hongwei Xu
Capitalizing on the biomarker data from the 2009 wave of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS), this study examines the extent to which multilevel socioeconomic status (SES) gets "under the skin" to affect individuals' health, measured by allostatic load (AL). Multilevel analyses suggest that in the context of China's socioeconomic and health transitions, high income, prestigious but sedentary occupations, and high level of urbanization were independently associated with higher AL scores, or increased health risks of physiological dysfunction in cardiovascular, metabolic, inflammation, and urinary systems...
September 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30143408/diet-quality-and-its-association-with-type-2-diabetes-and-major-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-among-adults-in-china
#18
Z Wang, A M Siega-Riz, P Gordon-Larsen, J Cai, L S Adair, B Zhang, B M Popkin
AIM: We examined the association between diet quality and diabetes and major cardiometabolic risks among adults in China. METHODS AND RESULTS: We developed the China Dietary Guideline Index (CDGI) based on the 2007 Chinese dietary guidelines and tailored the Alternate Healthy Eating Index 2010 (which we call the tAHEI) to assess diet quality. Our analysis linked the dietary intake and covariates measured in 2006 with CM risk factors measured in 2009. We used diet data the longitudinal China Health and Nutrition Survey 2006 collected in 3 consecutive 24-h recalls from 4440 adults aged 18 to 65 to calculate both the tAHEI and the CDGI scores...
October 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107714/-analysis-on-prevalence-of-physical-fitness-and-related-influencing-factors-among-chinese-han-students-aged-13-18-years-in-2014
#19
Z P Yang, Y H Dong, Z H Wang, R B Xu, Z G Yang, R Tian, X J Wang, Y J Chen, Z Y Zou, J Ma
Objective: To analyze the prevalence of physical fitness among Chinese Han students aged 13-18 years in 2014, and explore related influencing factors. Methods: This study recruited 106 881 Han students aged 13-18 years who had taken physical fitness test from Chinese National Survey on Students' Constitution and Health in 2014. After the exclusion of 1 047 students without complete records of physical fitness test, 105 834 students were included in the final analysis. According to the National Student Physical Health Standard modified in 2014, seven indicators including body mass index, vital capacity, 50-m run, sit-and-reach, standing broad jump, pull-ups/curl-ups and endurance run were tested to calculate the total score of students' physical fitness...
August 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107711/-the-association-between-the-malnutrition-and-blood-pressure-in-chinese-han-students-aged-7-18-years-in-2014
#20
Y H Dong, Z G Yang, Y D Yang, S Wang, Z H Wang, X J Wang, Y J Chen, Z Y Zou, J Ma
Objective: This study aimed to explore the association between malnutrition and the level of blood pressure (BP) as well as elevated BP (EBP) in Han students aged 7 to 18 years in China. Methods: 170 037 subjects with normal nutritional status and malnutrition were enrolled in this study from 2014 Chinese National Surveys on Students' Constitution and Health with a multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling framework covering 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities after the exclusion of 44 317 overweight and obese students...
August 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
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