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Simulation learning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30517272/a-mapping-of-the-speech-language-pathology-practice-pathway-in-verbal-expressivity-in-the-work-of-communicative-competence
#1
Maria Cristina de Menezes Borrego, Mara Behlau
PURPOSE: Present a mapping of the Speech-language Pathology (SLP) practice pathway in verbal expressivity in the work of communicative competence. METHODS: Study participants were 40 volunteer speech-language pathologists with extensive experience in the area of voice. They responded to questions about duration of work, number of participants, evaluation instruments, and training of the speech language pathologists who work in this area. They discussed specific issues related to the strategies of expressivity proposed and the vocal resources, exercises and terminology used...
November 29, 2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30515114/a-prospective-study-of-the-impact-of-transcranial-alternating-current-stimulation-on-eeg-correlates-of-somatosensory-perception
#2
Danielle D Sliva, Christopher J Black, Paul Bowary, Uday Agrawal, Juan F Santoyo, Noah S Philip, Benjamin D Greenberg, Christopher I Moore, Stephanie R Jones
The (8-12 Hz) neocortical alpha rhythm is associated with shifts in attention across sensory systems, and is thought to represent a sensory gating mechanism for the inhibitory control of cortical processing. The present preliminary study sought to explore whether alpha frequency transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) could modulate endogenous alpha power in the somatosensory system, and whether the hypothesized modulation would causally impact perception of tactile stimuli at perceptual threshold...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30514543/using-a-mock-board-of-pharmacy-disciplinary-hearing-to-teach-concepts-related-to-administrative-law-addiction-empathy-and-professionalism
#3
Kyle W Parker, Natalie A DiPietro Mager, Benjamin D Aronson, Christopher Hart
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this project was to impact pharmacy students' personal and professional development through simulation of a board of pharmacy disciplinary hearing regarding addiction. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: The mock board hearing was conducted as part of the required curriculum. Faculty obtained materials from a prior board hearing. The actual respondent, lawyer, former executive director, and a board agent participated. Students served as board members and president, asked questions of the witnesses, and deliberated per board procedure...
November 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30514539/using-the-theory-of-planned-behavior-to-determine-pharmacy-students-intention-to-participate-in-hormonal-contraception-counseling-services
#4
Natalie Hohmann, Jan Kavookjian
INTRODUCTION: Recent policies allow some pharmacists to prescribe hormonal birth control, which may improve access to hormonal contraceptives. This study explored associations between student pharmacists' hormonal contraception knowledge, attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control to counseling intentions, and preferred learning methods. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was developed to assess student pharmacists' hormonal contraception knowledge, perceptions, and counseling intentions...
November 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30514279/utility-of-intermittent-online-quizzes-as-an-early-warning-for-residents-at-risk-of-failing-the-pediatric-board-certification-examination
#5
Rebecca Wallihan, Keely G Smith, Mark D Hormann, Rajesh R Donthi, Kimberly Boland, John D Mahan
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, quizzes have been applied as a tool for summative assessment, though literature suggests their use as a formative assessment can improve motivation and content retention. With this premise, we implemented a series of intermittent, online quizzes known as the Board Examination Simulation Exercise (BESE). We sought to demonstrate an association between BESE participation and scores and performance on the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) Certifying Examination (CE)...
December 4, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30513748/demodulation-of-chaos-phase-modulation-spread-spectrum-signals-using-machine-learning-methods-and-its-evaluation-for-underwater-acoustic-communication
#6
Chao Li, Franck Marzani, Fan Yang
The chaos phase modulation sequences consist of complex sequences with a constant envelope, which has recently been used for direct-sequence spread spectrum underwater acoustic communication. It is considered an ideal spreading code for its benefits in terms of large code resource quantity, nice correlation characteristics and high security. However, demodulating this underwater communication signal is a challenging job due to complex underwater environments. This paper addresses this problem as a target classification task and conceives a machine learning-based demodulation scheme...
December 1, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30513067/an-interprofessional-team-simulation-exercise-about-a-complex-geriatric-patient
#7
Aida Wen, Lorrie Wong, Carolyn Ma, Robin Arndt, Alan R Katz, Karol Richardson, Melodee Deutsch, Kamal Masaki
Interprofessional collaboration is an essential skill to optimize the care of older adults with complex problems. We successfully developed and evaluated an interprofessional teamwork simulation exercise for medical, nursing, pharmacy, and social work students. Pharmacy students participated via video conferencing. Before the simulation, students watched a teamwork video and reviewed the patient case. Following an icebreaker exercise, interdisciplinary faculty facilitated a discussion highlighting effective teamwork strategies...
December 4, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30512951/toward-learned-chemical-perception-of-force-field-typing-rules
#8
Camila Zanette, Caitlin Colleen Bannan, Christopher I Bayly, Josh Fass, Michael K Gilson, Michael R Shirts, John Damon Chodera, David L Mobley
Molecular mechanics force fields define how the energy and forces in a molecular system are computed from its atomic positions, thus enabling the study of such systems through computational methods like molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo simulations. Despite progress toward automated force field parameterization, considerable human expertise is required to develop or extend force fields. In particular, human input has long been required to define atom types, which encode chemically unique environments that determine which parameters will be assigned...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30512110/preparing-advanced-practice-registered-nursing-students-to-deliver-adolescent-sbirt-for-substance-use
#9
Elizabeth K Kuzma, Nicole Boucher, Brittany Gray, Katie Burmester, Robert Ploutz-Snyder, Stephen Strobbe
BACKGROUND: Adolescent substance use is a significant public health problem in the United States screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) and is an evidence-based approach to assist individuals to reduce substance use before serious problems develop. Universal SBIRT is recommended for routine health care. METHOD: Advanced practice registered nursing (APRN) students completed a sophisticated adolescent SBIRT computer simulation, didactic content on substance use, and face-to-face simulation during laboratory...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30511634/basic-open-surgical-training-course
#10
John Brochorst Christensen, Erika Nodin, Diana Zetner Bach, Anja Fabrin, Ebbe Thingaard
INTRODUCTION: Fewer open surgical procedures are performed, and thus a need to learn open surgical techniques outside the operating room has emerged. Simulation training offers the possibility to train in a safe environment before operating on patients. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of a simulation-based course in basic open surgical skills and to describe its pedagogical foundation, content and organisation. METHODS: Surgical trainees at the beginning of their surgical career participated in a basic open surgical skills course and were assessed before the course, after the course and during a one-day course operating on live sedated pigs using the Objective Structures Assessment of Technical Skills (OSATS) instrument...
December 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30511157/an-explanatory-item-response-theory-method-for-alleviating-the-cold-start-problem-in-adaptive-learning-environments
#11
Jung Yeon Park, Seang-Hwane Joo, Frederik Cornillie, Han L J van der Maas, Wim Van den Noortgate
Electronic learning systems have received increasing attention because they are easily accessible to many students and are capable of personalizing the learning environment in response to students' learning needs. To that end, using fast and flexible algorithms that keep track of the students' ability change in real time is desirable. Recently, the Elo rating system (ERS) has been applied and studied in both research and practical settings (Brinkhuis & Maris, 2009; Klinkenberg, Straatemeier, & van der Maas in Computers & Education, 57, 1813-1824, 2011)...
December 3, 2018: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30510975/an-analysis-of-the-top-cited-articles-in-anesthesiology-education-literature
#12
Lara Zisblatt, Norah N Naughton, Melissa Byrne, Nicole Dobija, Leslie Coker Fowler, Mark MacEachern, Sheron McLean, Brendan W Munzer, Lauryn R Rochlen, Sally A Santen, Emily Peoples
Background: In the same way that impact factor is calculated for journals, the number of citations an article receives can indicate its influence or value to a particular field. This study was designed to identify the most frequently cited articles in anesthesiology education to yield insight into which articles have been most useful for researchers in ongoing research and publication. Methods: The Web of Science database was searched to capture the top-cited articles in anesthesiology education both in anesthesiology and nonanesthesiology journals...
July 2018: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30510664/simulation-and-training-of-gynaecological-skills
#13
H Ferreira, Y van Belle, V Tanos, B Rabischong, G Grimbizis, A Di Spiezio Sardo, R Campo
In order to offer our patients, the "state of the art" treatment in gynaecology, we need a structured teaching program for trainees concerning the gynaecological skills. In recent years, training and education in endoscopic surgery has been critically reviewed. Clinicians, both surgeons as gynaecologists who perform endoscopic surgery without proper training of the specific psychomotor skills, are at higher risk to increased patient morbidity and mortality. The traditional apprentice-tutor model is no longer valid for developing all skills necessary in gynaecological surgery, particularly in endoscopy...
March 2018: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30510612/scalpel-extracting-neurons-from-calcium-imaging-data
#14
Ashley Petersen, Noah Simon, Daniela Witten
In the past few years, new technologies in the field of neuroscience have made it possible to simultaneously image activity in large populations of neurons at cellular resolution in behaving animals. In mid-2016, a huge repository of this so-called "calcium imaging" data was made publicly available. The availability of this large-scale data resource opens the door to a host of scientific questions for which new statistical methods must be developed. In this paper we consider the first step in the analysis of calcium imaging data-namely, identifying the neurons in a calcium imaging video...
December 2018: Annals of Applied Statistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30508841/developing-affective-domain-learning-in-health-professions-education
#15
Pamela Donlan
The delivery of effective 21st-century multidisciplinary healthcare requires that clinicians focus on patient needs and concerns and are able to communicate compassionately and appropriately so that patient-practitioner trust is engendered. To develop interpersonal skills among healthcare providers, health professions education programs must build student competencies in the affective domain of learning. This paper seeks to investigate the efficacy of some of the contemporary strategies used to present and assess affective domain learning in health professions education, including the think-pair-share technique, reflective journaling, simulation and role play, motivational interviewing, and structured controversy...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30508795/a-coupled-multivariate-statistics-geostatistical-and-machine-learning-approach-to-address-soil-pollution-in-a-prototypical-hg-mining-site-in-a-natural-reserve
#16
C Boente, M T D Albuquerque, S Gerassis, E Rodríguez-Valdés, J R Gallego
The impact of mining activities on the environment is vast. In this regard, many mines were operating well before the introduction of environmental law. This is particularly true of cinnabar mines, whose activity has declined for decades due to growing public concern regarding Hg high toxicity. Here we present the exemplary case study of an abandoned Hg mine located in the Somiedo Natural Reserve (Spain). Until its closure in the 1970s, this mine operated under no environmental regulations, its tailings dumped in two spoil heaps, one of them located uphill and the other in the surroundings of the village of Caunedo...
November 26, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30508253/a-learning-based-material-decomposition-pipeline-for-multi-energy-x-ray-imaging
#17
Yanye Lu, Shuqing Chen, Shiyang Hu, Joachim Hornegger, Andreas Maier, Markus Kowarschik, Rebecca Fahrig, Xiaolin Huang, Yan Xia, Jang-Hwan Choi, Qiushi Ren
PURPOSE: Benefiting from multi-energy X-ray imaging technology, material decomposition facilitates the characterization of different materials in X-ray imaging. However, the performance of material decomposition is limited by the accuracy of the decomposition model. Due to the presenceof non-ideal effects in X-ray imaging systems, it is difficult to explicitly build the imaging system models for material decomposition. As an alternative, this paper explores the feasibility of using machine learning approaches for material decomposition tasks...
December 3, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30507832/can-an-augmented-reality-headset-improve-accuracy-of-acetabular-cup-orientation-in-simulated-tha-a-randomized-trial
#18
Kartik Logishetty, Luke Western, Ruairidh Morgan, Farhad Iranpour, Justin P Cobb, Edouard Auvinet
BACKGROUND: Accurate implant orientation reduces wear and increases stability in arthroplasty but is a technically demanding skill. Augmented reality (AR) headsets overlay digital information on top of the real world. We have developed an enhanced AR headset capable of tracking bony anatomy in relation to an implant, but it has not yet been assessed for its suitability as a training tool for implant orientation. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) In the setting of simulated THA performed by novices, does an AR headset improve the accuracy of acetabular component positioning compared with hands-on training by an expert surgeon? (2) What are trainees' perceptions of the AR headset in terms of realism of the task, acceptability of the technology, and its potential role for surgical training? METHODS: Twenty-four study participants (medical students in their final year of school, who were applying to surgery residency programs, and who had no prior arthroplasty experience) participated in a randomized simulation trial using an AR headset and a simulated THA...
November 29, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30507490/augmented-reality-to-improve-surgical-simulation-lessons-learned-towards-the-design-of-a-hybrid-laparoscopic-simulator-for-cholecystectomy
#19
Rosanna Viglialoro, Nicola Esposito, Sara Condino, Fabrizio Cutolo, Simone Guadagni, Marco Gesi, Mauro Ferrari, Vincenzo Ferrari
Hybrid surgical simulators based on Augmented Reality (AR) solutions benefit from the advantages of both the box trainers and the Virtual Reality simulators. This paper reports on the results of a long development stage of a hybrid simulator for laparoscopic cholecystectomy that integrates real and the virtual components. We first outline the specifications of the AR simulator and then we explain the strategy adopted for implementing it based on a careful selection of its simulated anatomical components, and characterized by a real-time tracking of both a target anatomy and of the laparoscope...
November 28, 2018: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30505051/evolution-of-pharmacology-education-in-india-past-and-future
#20
Dinesh K Badyal
Pharmacology education has passed through various stages in the evolution sequence due to ever-changing type and repository of drugs as well as technological advancements in the educational processes. This article reviews the journey of evolution of pharmacology education. Pharmacology is relevant component of various curricula in medical, dental, and paramedical courses. A huge number of students learn pharmacology as a subject. Important milestones in evolutionary sequence included revisions and updates in learning objectives, teaching-learning material/methods and assessment in undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) levels...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
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