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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30086700/denosumab-in-patients-with-aneurysmal-bone-cysts-a-case-series-with-preliminary-results
#1
Emanuela Palmerini, Pietro Ruggieri, Andrea Angelini, Stefano Boriani, Domenico Campanacci, Giuseppe M Milano, Marilena Cesari, Anna Paioli, Alessandra Longhi, Massimo E Abate, Guido Scoccianti, Silvia Terzi, Giulia Trovarelli, Alessandro Franchi, Piero Picci, Stefano Ferrari
PURPOSE: Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is a rare skeletal tumor usually treated with surgery/embolization. We hypothesized that owing to similarities with giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB), denosumab was active also in ABC. METHODS: In this observational study, a retrospective analysis of ABC patients treated with denosumab was performed. Patients underwent radiologic disease assessment every 3 months. Symptoms and adverse events were noted. RESULTS: Nine patients were identified (6 male, 3 female), with a median age of 17 years (range 14-42 years)...
August 8, 2018: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30078428/radiographic-risk-factors-and-signs-of-abductor-tears-in-the-hip
#2
David E Hartigan, Itay Perets, John P Walsh, Mitchell R Mohr, Edwin O Chaharbakhshi, Leslie C Yuen, Benjamin G Domb
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to identify radiographic risk factors (RRFs) and radiographic signs of abductor tendon tears. METHODS: Between April 2008 and October 2015, patients with intraoperative diagnosis of partial- or full-thickness abductor tear noted at the time of open or endoscopic treatment were included in this study. Exclusion criteria included lack of preoperative standard supine pelvic radiograph, lack of preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or abductor tear not present at the time of operative intervention...
August 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30057826/may-thurner-syndrome-as-a-rare-cause-of-paradoxical-embolism-in-a-patient-with-patent-foramen-ovale
#3
Dominika M Zoltowska, Guramrinder Thind, Yashwant Agrawal, Vishal Gupta, Jagadeesh Kumar Kalavakunta
May-Thurner syndrome is an underrecognized anatomical variant that can lead to increased propensity for venous thrombosis in the lower extremities. We present a case of a 67-year-old female who presented with transient ischemic attack. Initial workup including CT scan of the head, MRI scan of the head, and magnetic resonance angiogram of the head and neck was unremarkable. A transthoracic echocardiogram with bubble study was also normal. Subsequently, a transesophageal echocardiogram was performed that revealed a patent foramen ovale with right-to-left shunt...
2018: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038695/magnetic-resonance-diffusion-weighted-imaging-in-diagnostics-of-primary-fallopian-tube-carcinoma-is-it-useful
#4
Laretta Grabowska-Derlatka, Wojciech Szeszkowski, Jacek Sieńko, Paweł Derlatka
Purpose: Primary fallopian tube carcinoma (PFTC) is the rarest form of female genital malignancy. The imaging applied for suspected adnexal masses includes transvaginal ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), but the vast majority of PFTC is recognised intraoperatively. Material and methods: The study group consisted of seven women with postoperatively histopathological diagnosis of PFTC. To recognise characteristic findings for PFTC, retrospective analysis of preoperative MRI was performed...
2018: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29998932/assessment-of-congenital-vascular-and-organ-anomalies-in-subjects-with-thalidomide-embryopathy-using-non-contrast-magnetic-resonance-angiography
#5
Julius Matthias Weinrich, Rudolf Beyer, Lennart Well, Enver Tahir, Maria Lindemann, Undine Wilke, Gerhard Adam, Peter Bannas, Gunnar K Lund
BACKGROUND: To determine the type and frequency of vascular and organ malformations in adults with thalidomide embryopathy (TE) using non-contrast magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and to assess the effect of the observed malformations on renal function.Methods and Results:The institutional ethics committee approved this prospective study and written informed consent was given by all 78 subjects (50 females) with TE (mean age: 55±1.1 years), who were examined by non-contrast MRA at 3T...
July 10, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991019/prenatal-evaluation-and-postnatal-follow-up-of-ureteral-ectopic-insertion-in-multicystic-dysplastic-kidneys
#6
Marie Cassart, Nawel Majoub, Sabine Irtan, Jean-Marie Jouannic, Hubert Ducou le Pointe, Eléonore Blondiaux, Catherine Garel
OBJECTIVE: To emphasize the need for analyzing the pelvis when a unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) is observed at prenatal ultrasonography (US) because of possible associated ectopic ureteral insertion. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study including prenatal US diagnosis of unilateral MCDK and retrovesical cyst. The following data were recorded: pre- and postnatal US, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) findings...
July 10, 2018: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883505/an-mri-analysis-of-the-pelvis-to-determine-the-ideal-method-for-ultrasound-guided-bone-marrow-aspiration-from-the-iliac-crest
#7
Alan M Hirahara, Alberto Panero, Wyatt J Andersen
Use of mesenchymal stem cells from bone marrow has gained significant popularity. The iliac crest has been determined to be an effective site for harvesting mesenchymal stem cells. Review of the literature reveals that multiple techniques are used to harvest bone marrow aspirate from the iliac crest, but the descriptions are based on the experience of various authors as opposed to studied anatomy. A safe, reliable, and reproducible method for aspiration has yet to be studied and described. We hypothesized that there would be an ideal angle and distance for aspiration that would be the safest, most consistent, and most reliable...
May 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777859/three-dimensional-model-of-the-female-perineum-and-pelvic-floor-muscles
#8
Géraldine Giraudet, Laurent Patrouix, Christian Fontaine, Xavier Demondion, Michel Cosson, Chrystèle Rubod
OBJECTIVE: The anatomy of the perineum and the pelvic diaphragm of woman is complex. A numerical complete three-dimensional (3D) model of every muscle of the woman pelvis doesn't exist. The pathophysiology of genital prolapse is still debated. Knowledge of anatomy is essential to better understand its mechanisms. The aim of this research was to build a complete three-dimensional model of the female perineum and pelvic floor muscles. STUDY DESIGN: To model the pelvic muscles we reconstructed them in three dimensions from tracing a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of a female pelvis from a cadaver...
July 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685537/three-dimensional-magnetic-resonance-pelvimetry-a-new-technique-for-evaluating-the-female-pelvis-in-pregnancy
#9
K D Liao, Y H Yu, Y G Li, L Chen, C Peng, P Liu, C L Chen, R Y Chen, M Zhong, Y Wang
OBJECTIVE: To describe three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) pelvimetry methods and to establish the pelvimetric reference in a large population of Chinese females at term pregnancy. METHODS: Three-hundred one pregnant women at term who underwent MRI were included. Three-dimensional pelvic models were reconstructed using Mimics. 10.0 software based on MRI data sets, and measurements of these models were made. Pelvimetric results according to delivery modality were presented...
May 2018: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663843/persistent-hematospermia-seminal-vesicle-bleed
#10
Yih Chyn Phan, Wasim Mahmalji
A 65-year-old gentleman, with no past medical problems and not on any anticoagulation was seen in the urology clinic with persistent hematospermia for the last few years. A thorough history and examination including a digital examination of the prostate was unremarkable. Bleeding from his female partner was also ruled out. Investigations such as prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood test, urine culture, semen culture, and flexible cystoscopy were performed, and these investigations were also within normal limits...
April 17, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600200/primary-lymphoma-of-the-pelvis-a-case-report
#11
Karem M Zekry, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Akihiko Takeuchi, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
Introduction: Primary lymphoma of the bone (PLB) is uncommon clinical entity with the vast majority of the cases are non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common subtype of PLB. Case Report: We report a case of 60-year-old female presented with pain in the right hip that persisted for 2 months. Plain X-ray, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging of the right hip showed a lytic lesion involving the right acetabulum and adjoining iliac bone with extraosseous mass...
November 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589145/anatomical-description-of-the-umbilical-arteries-and-impact-of-their-ligation-on-pelvic-and-perineal-vascular-supply-after-cystectomy-in-women
#12
E Chantalat, C Vaysse, M C Delchier, B Bordier, X Game, P Chaynes, E Cavaignac, M Roumiguié
OBJECTIVE: In radical cystectomy, the surgeon generally ligates the umbilical artery at its origin. This artery may give rise to several arteries that supply the sexual organs. Our aim was to evaluate pelvic and perineal devascularisation in women after total cystectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We carried out a prospective anatomical and radiological study. We performed bilateral pelvic dissections of fresh adult female cadavers to identify the dividing branches of the umbilical artery...
July 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559764/pitfalls-of-diffusion-weighted-imaging-of-the-female-pelvis
#13
REVIEW
Ana Luisa Duarte, João Lopes Dias, Teresa Margarida Cunha
Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is widely used in protocols for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the female pelvis. It provides functional and structural information about biological tissues, without the use of ionizing radiation or intravenous administration of contrast medium. High signal intensity on DWI with simultaneous low signal intensity on apparent diffusion coefficient maps is usually associated with malignancy. However, that pattern can also be seen in many benign lesions, a fact that should be recognized by radiologists...
January 2018: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504179/high-signal-in-bone-marrow-on-diffusion-weighted-imaging-of-female-pelvis-correlation-with-anemia-and-fibroid-associated-symptoms
#14
Ying-Yuan Chen, Ching-Lan Wu, Shu-Huei Shen
BACKGROUND: The diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) signals of the female pelvic bone marrow show great variability and are usually high in female patients with fibroid-associated symptoms and anemia. PURPOSE: To ascertain clinical factors contributing to high signal intensity in the bone marrow of the female pelvis on DWI. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective case-control study. SUBJECTS: A single-institution review of 221 female patients underwent a pelvic magnetic resonance study from December 2012 to July 2014...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502388/horseshoe-kidney-and-uretero-pelvic-junction-obstruction-in-a-pediatric-patient-laparoscopic-vascular-hitch-a-valid-alternative-to-dismembered-pyeloplasty
#15
Cosimo Bleve, Valeria Bucci, Maria Luisa Conighi, Francesco Battaglino, Lorenzo Costa, Lorella Fasoli, Elisa Zolpi, Salvatore Fabio Chiarenza
Horseshoe kidney (HSK) is a congenital defect of the urinary tract that occurs in 0.25% of the general population. Laparoscopic Vascular Hitch (LVH) according to Hellstrom-Chapman represent an alternative approach in treatment of extrinsic hydronephrosis by crossing vessels (CV) in pediatric age. In our Department from 2006 to 2016, 36 children with extrinsic-Uretero-Pelvic-Junction (UPJ)-Obstruction (UPJO) underwent laparoscopic vessels transposition. Over the last 4years, we have treated three patients with extrinsic hydronephrosis in HSK; two males and one female respectively of 6, 7 and 8years...
December 13, 2017: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482535/mri-findings-of-low-grade-fibromyxoid-sarcoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
Yali Yue, Yongkang Liu, Lina Song, Xiao Chen, Yaohui Wang, Zhongqiu Wang
BACKGROUND: Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is a distinctive slow growing soft tissue neoplasm, mostly affecting young individuals with no gender difference. It usually arises in deep soft tissue of the lower limbs and trunk, but few cases of LGFMS located in pelvis have been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) features of LGFMS located in the anterior pelvic wall of a 21-year-old female and correlate them with clinicopathological features...
February 26, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453163/incidentally-discovered-persistent-m%C3%A3-llerian-duct-syndrome-in-a-45-year-old-male-presenting-with-germ-cell-tumor-and-bilateral-cryptorchidism-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Turki Z Al Harbi, Kareem Ayman Azzam, Ayman Azzam, Tarek Amin, Nasir Bakshi
INTRODUCTION: Persistent Müllerian Duct Syndrome (PMDS) is a rare sexual disease. It is characterized by the presence of female reproductive structures such as uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes and upper part of vagina in a normal genotypically and phenotypically male. The diagnosis is usually incidental since the patients will present with normal external genitalia and secondary sexual characteristics. Imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) scan, or ultrasound (US) could help in the diagnosis...
2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380429/the-strength-of-weight-bearing-bones-is-similar-in-amenorrheic-and-eumenorrheic-elite-long-distance-runners
#18
J Piasecki, A Ireland, M Piasecki, J Cameron, J S McPhee, H Degens
Regular intense endurance exercise can lead to amenorrhea with possible adverse consequences for bone health. We compared whole body and regional bone strength and skeletal muscle characteristics between amenorrheic (AA: n = 14) and eumenorrheic (EA: n = 15) elite adult female long-distance runners and nonathletic controls (C: n = 15). Participants completed 3-day food diaries, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT), and isometric maximal voluntary knee extension contraction (MVC)...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372089/a-case-of-persistent-urogenital-sinus-pitfalls-and-challenges-in-diagnosis
#19
Hooi H Tan, Shung K Tan, Rajah Shunmugan, Rozman Zakaria, Zakaria Zahari
Persistent urogenital sinus (PUGS) is a rare anomaly whereby the urinary and genital tracts fail to separate during embryonic development. We report a three-year-old female child who was referred to the Sabah Women & Children Hospital, Sabah, Malaysia, in 2016 with a pelvic mass. She had been born prematurely at 36 gestational weeks via spontaneous vaginal delivery in 2013 and initially misdiagnosed with neurogenic bladder dysfunction. The external genitalia appeared normal and an initial sonogram and repeat micturating cystourethrograms did not indicate any urogenital anomalies...
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333592/3d-models-of-female-pelvis-structures-reconstructed-and-represented-in-combination-with-anatomical-and-radiological-sections
#20
L Asensio Romero, M Asensio Gómez, A Prats-Galino, J A Juanes Méndez
We present a computer program designed to visualize and interact with three-dimensional models of the main anatomical structures of the female pelvis. They are reconstructed from serial sections of corpse, from the Visible Human project of the Medical Library of the United States and from serial sections of high-resolution magnetic resonance. It is possible to represent these three-dimensional structures in any spatial orientation, together with sectional images of corpse and magnetic resonance imaging, in the three planes of space (axial, coronal and sagittal) that facilitates the anatomical understanding and the identification of the set of visceral structures of this body region...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
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