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Luz María Peña Longobardo, Juan Oliva-Moreno
BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS (Human immunodeficiency virus/Acquired immune deficiency syndrome) not only has a strong impact on the health of the worldwide population but also affects the labour status of HIV-positive people. The primary aim of this paper is to compare the labour participation of people living with HIV (PlwHIV) with the labour participation of the general population along the last business cycle in Spain. METHOD: The data used are from the Hospital Survey on HIV-AIDS, with a total sample size of 4,651 PlwHIV and the Labour Force Survey from 2001 to 2010, with a total sample size of 660,674 individuals as general population...
2018: PloS One
Rafael A Caparros-Gonzalez, Inmaculada García-García, Juan Carlos Mariñas-Lirola, Maria Isabel Peralta-Ramírez
The aim was to present the longitudinal study protocol on the effects of perinatal stress from conception to one year of age. Stress is associated to psychopathological, cardiovascular and inmunological diseases. During pregnancy, the activation of the Hipotalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal results in an increased release of cortisol. Stress during pregnancy is related to maternal, fetal and infant negative outcomes that can last a lifetime. Nevertheless, contradictory findings have been reported. In this longitudinal study maternal stress is assessed from a sample of 807 pregnant women through hair cortisol levels and psychological question- naires during the three trimesters of pregnancy...
April 16, 2018: Revista Española de Salud Pública
F J Candel, M Peñuelas, C Lejárraga, T Emilov, C Rico, I Díaz, C Lázaro, J M Viñuela-Prieto, M Matesanz
Antimicrobial resistance in complex models of continuous infection is a current issue. The update 2017 course addresses about microbiological, epidemiological and clinical aspects useful for a current approach to infectious disease. During the last year, nosocomial pneumonia approach guides, recommendations for management of yeast and filamentous fungal infections, review papers on the empirical approach to peritonitis and extensive guidelines on stewardship have been published. HIV infection is being treated before and more intensively...
September 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
A M Smith, K P Klugman
The pneumococcus is now the most important bacterial pathogen causing pneumonia, meningitis, and otitis media. Traditional approaches to the diagnosis of Streptococcus pneumoniae as the etrologic agent causing these diseases include colony morphology, microscopy, optochin sensitivity, bile solubility, and inmunologic reaction with type-specific antisera(1) The rationale for developing a molecular approach to diagnosis mcludes the very low yield of pneumococci isolated from blood culture in presumed pneumococcal pneumonia, and the need for a rapid diagnostic test that defines susceptibility to antbiotrcs, partxularly in the setting of meningitis...
1998: Methods in Molecular Medicine
Elsa Rada, Nacarid Aranzazu, Jacinto Convit
Hansen's disease presents a wide spectrum of clinical and histopathological manifestations that reflect the nature of the immunological response of the host towards diverse Mycobacterium leprae components. The immunological system, composed by both innate and adaptive immunology, offers protection towards infections of various etiologies, among them bacterial. Bacteria, of course, have developed multiple strategies for evading host defenses, based on either very complex or simple mechanisms, but with a single purpose: to "resist" host attacks and to be able to survive...
December 2009: Investigación Clínica
E Gavela Martínez, A I Avila Bernabeu, A Sancho Calabuig, S Beltrán Catalán, V Escudero Quesada, L M Pallardó Mateu
Basiliximab induction treatment has been shown to reduce the incidence of acute rejection episodes without the secondary side effects observed with antilymphocyte polyclonal antibodies. We analyzed our experience with basiliximab induction associated with tacrolimus-based immunosuppression among low-immunological risk renal transplant recipients. We retrospectively analyzed 55 renal transplantation patients of low inmunological risk who received organs from donors younger than 55 years. We compared a group of 21 patients (38...
July 2009: Transplantation Proceedings
Santiago Tamames Escobar
After mentioning the importance of implementing these techniques, frecuently used both in USA and Spain, he refers to his experience on 70 dogs since the end of the 50's in the last century. Not only does he refer to the heterotopic transplant, on the neck, undertaken to test the importance of the denervation, maintenance of the viability of the organ using hypothermia, and the anatomopathologic study of the inmunologic rejection, but also to the orthotopic transplant, this is the replacement of one heart by other, using extracorporeal circulation...
2006: Anales de la Real Academia Nacional de Medicina
Leila García-Humbría, Nicole Richard-Yegres, Maigualida Pérez-Blanco, Francisco Yegres, Mireya Mendoza, Arnaldo Acosta, Rosaura Hernández, Eluz Zárraga
Superficial mycoses are considered to affect more frequently patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM-2), specially onychomycosis and Tinea pedis. The purpose of this study was to compare the dermatophytoses, candidiasis and Pitiriasis versicolor frequency between 40 patients with DM-2 and 40 healthy persons of either sex, 40 years old or more. Clinical, metabolic, mycologic and inmunologic studies against Candida albicans, were carried out. Both diabetics 75% (30/40) and controls 65% (26/40) presented a high frequency of superficial mycoses (no significant difference p = 0...
March 2005: Investigación Clínica
Carlos Contardo C
There is great evidence that both gastric lymphoma andadenocarcinoma are related in their pathogenesis to Helicobacter pylori infection.It has been stablished that mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) is anacquired condition following H. pylorl infection and that B cell gastriclymphoma derives from this cell linage. Low grade MALT lymphoma transformsto high grade lymphoma. Furthermore, MALT B cell lymphoma seems toproliferate in response to an antigenic stimulus provided by T cell line of cells specificately activated by H...
1997: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
Adolfo Suárez González, Luis Otero Guerra, Guillermo Viejo De La Guerra, Pedro de La Iglesia Martínez Pd, Gonzalo Solís Sánchez, Adela Rodríguez Fernández
BACKGROUND: We aimed at determining the inmunological status regarding varicella and parvovirus B19 in pregnant women in Gijón, Spain, and its correlation with several clinical and epidemiological parameters. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Blood samples taken during the first trimester of pregnancy in the area of Gijón were analysed to determine the immunological status with respect to varicella and parvovirus B19. The study included 2 groups: 99 non-European (all tested for both varicella and parvovirus) and 2,188 Europeans (406 were randomly selected for varicella test and 287 for parvovirus test)...
July 6, 2002: Medicina Clínica
F J Nicolás Sánchez, M Vilá Justribó, M Rubio Caballero
OBJECTIVE: To know the incidence and risk's factors of nosocomial pneumonia (NN) in patient entered in hospital with age more of 14 years-old. The study was not performed in patients of Unit Care. Also, morbility and mortality are showed and the relation between bacterial agent and inmunologic answer of the patients. By other hand, we reported about specific clinical predictors for NN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During a period of twenty-two months, 103 cases of NN were diagnosed what supposed 0...
May 2000: Anales de Medicina Interna: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Medicina Interna
G C Sandoval Sánchez, M E Fonseca, R Ochoa Resendiz, A Zárate Treviño
The pituitary hormones prolactin and growth hormone are structurally related. Both hormones exist in the circulation in several molecular forms, differing in aminoacid sequences, posttranslational modifications and fragments produced by proteolytic cleavage. Heterogencity may produce a diversity of inmunological and biological actions. It has been suggested that each of this forms may be a isohormone with a different physiological role. The predominance of one of them in serun could account for the complex and often contradictory actions of the hormones...
August 1998: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
M Canales, A Enríquez, E Ramos, D Cabrera, H Dandie, A Soto, V Falcón, M Rodríguez, J de la Fuente
A gene coding for the Bm86 tick protein was recently cloned, expressed in Pichia pastoris and shown to induce an inmunological response in cattle against ticks. Moreover, the Gavac vaccine (Heber Biotec S.A., Havana, Cuba), which contains this recombinant protein, has proved to control the Boophilus microplus populations under field conditions. This paper reviews the development and large-scale production of this vaccine, the efficacy of the resulting product and the strategy followed in designing its production plant...
March 1997: Vaccine
M Pérez-Blanco, R Hernández-Valles, G Fernández-Zeppenfeldt, F Yegres
This is a report of three cases of mycetome studied in our laboratory during the last four years. We also informed about the evolution of the first case produced by Pyrenochaeta romeroi nova species reported by Borelli in 1959. All the patients were farmer men, 18, 42 and 54 years old, from the semiarid and subhumid zones of Falcon State, located on the northwest region of Venezuela. Clinically, all patients presented the mycetome syndrome (subcutaneous edema, sinus tract and "granules"), with a evolution of six months to three years...
March 1996: Investigación Clínica
V G Maurino, M F Drincovich, C S Andreo
Two isoforms of NADP-malic enzyme have been characterized in maize leaves. The 72 kDa-form of the protein, present mainly in etiolated maize leaves, has lower specific activity than the 62 kDa-form, which is implicated in C4 metabolism and predominates in green leaves. The larger form of the enzyme has higher Km values for NADP and malate and lower PH optimum. The antibodies raised against the 62 kDa-form of the protein react with the 72 kDa-form. Steady state levels of NADP-malic enzyme, as measured by the amount of protein and activity, increase several-fold when dark-grown maize seedlings are illuminated...
February 1996: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology International
F J Manzano-Trovamala, R L Guttierrez, G M Marquez, R A Garcia, J J Christen, M G Guerrero
We present the first case of esophagogastric devascularization and esophagogastric transection using a stapler through laparoscopic surgery. The procedure was performed in a 71-year-old diabetic woman with alcoholic liver cirrhosis (Child-Pugh B class), portal hypertension, bleeding grade III esophageal varices, and a previous bleeding episode. The surgical technique was carried out without problems, and the patient had an excellent postoperative condition. Esophagogastric devascularization with esophageal transection using a stapler through laparoscopic surgery is a feasible technique that accomplishes the same and all objectives of the open procedure...
August 1996: Surgical Laparoscopy & Endoscopy
Z N Oliveira, R C Leão, L C Cucé
We have evaluated clinical and laboratorial effects of immunostimulation scarification with antigen of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis in patients with paracoccidioidomycosis, who often show depressed immunity. We have studied 62 Brazilian patients with paracoccidioidomycosis, 46 with active disease and 16 cured, in a 10-year period between 1982 and 1992. Among the 46 patients with active disease: 10 had acute form, 12 chronic unifocal form and 24 the chronic multifocal form of the disease; 16 showed positive paracoccidioidin intradermal reaction and 30 negative reaction...
May 1996: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
S Fazzio, G Vázquez, G Ardao, J Blanco, E Vivero, G Gualco, I Figari, S Velázquez, E Araujo
OBJECTIVE: To compare the different diagnostic techniques of Helicobacter Pylori infection, confronting the bacteriological culture to other faster, less expensive and easier techniques, such as the urease test, methylen blue and Gram stained smears, the histopathologic examination of biopsies specimens, and the detection of IgG antibodies anti Helicobacter Pylori. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 43 patients with gastroduodenal symptoms who had not taken NSAIDs and who presented endoscopic signs of inlammation and/or gastroduodenal ulcer were prospectively studied...
1995: Acta Gastroenterologica Latinoamericana
R G Buitron Garcia, G Oropeza Rechy, R Bravo Gutierrez, J Villafuerte Canales, F Buitron Lopez
Since 70 years ago, the possibility that the etiology of Gravidic Toxemia is inmunologic has been studied. Several researchers agree in the disminution of the levels of IgG with no modifications on the levels of complement fractions. The determination of IgA, IgM, IgC, C3 and C4 was made on fifteen pacients with gravidic toxemia and fifteen pacients that presented no complicated pregnancy. The results are the same as the reported facts like disminution of IgG, it was observed also, a disminution on the complement fractions C3 and C4...
March 1996: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
I Hernández-Aguado, P Sánchez-Pedreño-Guillén, J C Moreno-Giménez, F Camacho-Martínez
After observing a case of pemphigoid in a 5-month-old infant, verified inmunologically, we comment on the clinical, histological, biochemical and immunological tests and review the benign chronic bullous dermatosis of the childhood.
1982: Medicina Cutánea Ibero-latino-americana
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