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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526314/efficacy-of-the-world-health-organization-recommended-handwashing-technique-and-a-modified-washing-technique-to-remove-clostridium-difficile-from-hands
#1
Philippe Deschênes, Frédéric Chano, Léa-Laurence Dionne, Didier Pittet, Yves Longtin
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of the World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended handwashing technique against Clostridium difficile is uncertain, and whether it could be improved remains unknown. Also, the benefit of using a structured technique instead of an unstructured technique remains unclear. METHODS: This study was a prospective comparison of 3 techniques (unstructured, WHO, and a novel technique dubbed WHO shortened repeated [WHO-SR] technique) to remove C difficile...
May 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511602/evaluation-of-student-handwashing-practices-during-a-school-based-hygiene-program-in-rural-western-kenya-2007
#2
Genevieve La Con, Katharine Schilling, Julie Harris, Bobbie Person, Mercy Owuor, Lorraine Ogange, Sitnah Faith, Robert Quick
Unsafe drinking water and inadequate handwashing facilities in primary schools increase the risk of absenteeism due to diarrhea and respiratory infections. To mitigate these risks, we provided 28 schools in rural Western Kenya with handwashing and drinking water stations (containers with lids and taps on metal stands), bleach for water treatment, soap for handwashing, and educational materials. We observed the use of the water stations and assessed teachers' attitudes toward the intervention. Of 151 total handwashing stations, 69 (59%) were observed to have soap and water and treated drinking water 4 months after implementation; observations of pupils showed an increase in handwashing behavior in water stations located < 10 m, as compared with those >10 m, from latrines ( p < ...
January 2017: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497058/impact-of-an-intensive-perinatal-handwashing-promotion-intervention-on-maternal-handwashing-behavior-in-the-neonatal-period-findings-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-rural-bangladesh
#3
Pavani Kalluri Ram, Sharifa Nasreen, Kelly Kamm, Jelena Allen, Swapna Kumar, Mohammad Anisur Rahman, K Zaman, Shams El Arifeen, Stephen P Luby
One-quarter of neonatal deaths are attributed to infections. Maternal handwashing with soap may prevent neonatal sepsis. We examined impact of intensive handwashing promotion on handwashing behavior of mothers of neonates. In Matlab, Bangladesh, we randomly allocated pregnant women at 28-32 weeks' gestation to intensive handwashing promotion or control. Behavior change communicators used a participatory approach to motivate maternal handwashing with soap and provided soap and handwashing stations. In the neonatal period, we observed soap and water at handwashing places and, at the end of the neonatal period, we estimated impact on maternal handwashing by structured observation...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494664/handwashing
#4
Erin Dean
Our clinical update on new National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance on tackling antimicrobial resistance.
May 12, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476170/provision-versus-promotion-to-develop-a-handwashing-station-the-effect-on-desired-handwashing-behavior
#5
Debashish Biswas, Fosiul Alam Nizame, Tina Sanghvi, Sumitro Roy, Stephen P Luby, Leanne E Unicomb
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea prevalence increases from around the time that complementary foods are introduced. Improving caregiver's hand hygiene during food preparation could reduce complementary food contamination and enteric pathogen transmission. Washing hands with soap is more common when water and soap are together at a convenient location. We conducted a three-month pilot intervention to evaluate two options for setting up handwashing stations: i) provide a handwashing station, or ii) help the family to make their own from available materials...
May 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476100/behavioral-antecedents-for-handwashing-in-a-low-income-urban-setting-in-bangladesh-an-exploratory-study
#6
Musarrat J Rahman, Fosiul A Nizame, Leanne Unicomb, Stephen P Luby, Peter J Winch
BACKGROUND: Health programs commonly promote handwashing by drawing attention to potential fecal contamination in the environment. The underlying assumption is that the thought of fecal contamination will result in disgust, and motivate people to wash their hands with soap. However, this has not proven sufficient to achieve high rates of handwashing with soap at key times. We argue that handwashing with soap is influenced by broader range of antecedents, many unrelated to fecal contamination, that indicate to people when and where to wash their hands...
May 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464731/knowledge-behaviour-and-microbial-load-of-workers-handling-dental-solid-waste-in-a-public-health-service-in-brazil
#7
Cristina Dutra Vieira, Thaysa Leite Tagliaferri, Maria Auxiliadora Roque de Carvalho, Camilla Aparecida Silva de Oliveira, Paula Prazeres Magalhães, Simone Gonçalves Dos Santos, Luiz de Macêdo Farias
Healthcare wastes are those generated inside healthcare services, including dental clinics. Workers coming into close proximity to hazardous healthcare waste are potentially at risk. In an attempt to assess the knowledge and attitudes of workers dealing with infectious waste, a questionnaire was administered. The biological risk was investigated by evaluating the microbial load and screening some clinically relevant micro-organisms in the nasal mucosa, hands and coats of these workers. The results showed that 66...
April 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423996/assessing-user-acceptance-towards-automated-and-conventional-sink-use-for-hand-decontamination-using-the-technology-acceptance-model
#8
Carolyn H Dawson, Jamie B Mackrill, Rebecca Cain
Hand hygiene (HH) prevents harmful contaminants spreading in settings including domestic, health care and food handling. Strategies to improve HH range from behavioural techniques through to automated sinks that ensure hand surface cleaning. This study aimed to assess user experience and acceptance towards a new automated sink, compared to a normal sink. An adapted version of the technology acceptance model (TAM) assessed each mode of handwashing. A within-subjects design enabled N = 46 participants to evaluate both sinks...
April 24, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413735/a-survey-of-handwashing-knowledge-and-attitudes-among-the-healthcare-professionals-in-lahore-pakistan
#9
Ahsan Zil-E-Ali, Mohsin A Cheema, Muhammad Wajih Ullah, Hamzah Ghulam, Mariam Tariq
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge and attitudes towards handwashing of clinical year medical and dental students and health-care professionals (HCPs) working in the departments of medicine, surgery, dentistry, nursing, and physiotherapy in Lahore, Pakistan. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional survey conducted during May and June 2016. After approval from the institutional review board, a modified form of the World Health Organization (WHO) Hand Hygiene Knowledge Questionnaire for Healthcare workers that included 18 items was sent to 400 clinical year students and HCPs from six medical colleges and affiliated hospitals of Lahore...
March 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403370/adherence-and-factors-related-to-acceptance-of-alcohol-for-antiseptic-hand-rubbing-among-nursing-professionals
#10
Adriana Cristina de Oliveira, Camila Sarmento Gama, Adriana Oliveira de Paula
OBJECTIVE: Identify rates of adhesion and related factors to acceptance of an alcohol based preparation to hands antiseptic friction among nursing professionals in a unit of intensive therapy. METHOD: A cross-sectional study, which involved direct observation of hand hygiene opportunities and nursing professionals' completion of questionnaires, was conducted at a university hospital between January and July 2015. Descriptive and univariate analyses were performed, with a 5% significance level...
April 6, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396475/assessments-of-ebola-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-in-for%C3%A3-cariah-guinea-and-kambia-sierra-leone-july-august-2015
#11
Mohamed F Jalloh, Rebecca Bunnell, Susan Robinson, Mohammad B Jalloh, Alpha Mamoudou Barry, Jamaica Corker, Paul Sengeh, Amanda VanSteelandt, Wenshu Li, Foday Dafae, Alpha Ahmadou Diallo, Lise D Martel, Sara Hersey, Barbara Marston, Oliver Morgan, John T Redd
The border region of Forécariah (Guinea) and Kambia (Sierra Leone) was of immense interest to the West Africa Ebola response. Cross-sectional household surveys with multi-stage cluster sampling procedure were used to collect random samples from Kambia (n = 635) in July 2015 and Forécariah (n = 502) in August 2015 to assess public knowledge, attitudes and practices related to Ebola. Knowledge of the disease was high in both places, and handwashing with soap and water was the most widespread prevention practice...
May 26, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385134/an-outbreak-of-salmonella-saintpaul-gastroenteritis-after-attending-a-school-camp-in-the-northern-territory-australia
#12
Anthony Dk Draper, Claire N Morton, Joshua Ni Heath, Justin A Lim, Peter G Markey
An outbreak of salmonellosis occurred following attendance at a school camp between 5 and 8 August 2014 in a remote area of the Northern Territory, Australia. We conducted a retrospective cohort study via telephone interviews, using a structured questionnaire that recorded symptoms and exposures to foods and activities during the camp. A case was anyone with laboratory confirmed Salmonella Saintpaul infection or a clinically compatible illness after attending the camp. Environmental health officers from the Environmental Health Branch undertook an investigation and collected water and environmental samples...
March 31, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381246/-fit-for-school-a-school-based-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-programme-to-improve-child-health-results-from-a-longitudinal-study-in-cambodia-indonesia-and-lao-pdr
#13
Denise Duijster, Bella Monse, Jed Dimaisip-Nabuab, Pantjawidi Djuharnoko, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien, Martin Hobdell, Katrin Kromeyer-Hauschild, Yung Kunthearith, Maria Carmela Mijares-Majini, Nicole Siegmund, Panith Soukhanouvong, Habib Benzian
BACKGROUND: The Fit for School (FIT) programme integrates school health and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene interventions, which are implemented by the Ministries of Education in four Southeast Asian countries. This paper describes the findings of a Health Outcome Study, which aimed to assess the two-year effect of the FIT programme on the parasitological, weight, and oral health status of children attending schools implementing the programme in Cambodia, Indonesia and Lao PDR. METHODS: The study was a non-randomized clustered controlled trial with a follow-up period of two years...
April 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352099/removal-of-diethylhexyl-phthalate-from-hands-by-handwashing-evidence-from-experimental-n-of-1-and-crossover-designs
#14
Pi-I D Lin, Chia-Fang Wu, Hwang-Shang Kou, Tzu-Ying Huang, Jentaie Shiea, Ming-Tsang Wu
Phthalate exposure through skin is often neglected due to the small quantity and limited dermal absorption rate. However, free phthalate can be ingested by hand-to-mouth action or by contact with food. To evaluate the effectiveness in removing phthalate exposure on hand, we compare here the removal efficiency of di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) on hands by handwashing with soap-and-water versus water-only. In two three-day N-of-1 trials, residual DEHP was measured in a single female adult who washed exposed hands with soap-and-water or water-only...
March 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327043/handwashing
#15
Erin Dean
Essential facts Antimicrobial resistance develops when medicines are used inappropriately. Global estimates suggest that every year more than 700,000 people die from drug-resistant strains of common bacterial and viral infections, such as tuberculosis, malaria and HIV. If antimicrobial resistance continues to increase, this number could rise to 10 million a year by 2050.
March 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296252/research-on-handwashing-techniques-of-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-from-yiwu-southeast-china
#16
Yuanjun Ye, Xiaohui Zhang, Yansu Liu, Hongqing Lou, Zhangfei Shou
The aim of the present study was to evaluate handwashing technique, bacteriology, and factors influencing handwashing technique of 86 stable chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients from Yiwu City in Southeast China. Based on the "Hygienic standard for disinfection in the hospital", we also performed sampling for bacteriology from PD operators after they washed their hands. We compared their clinical features including the pathogenic bacteria of their previous peritonitis episodes and their handwashing evaluation results according to their bacteriologic sampling results...
April 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285971/antibiotic-resistance-italian-awareness-survey-2016
#17
Anna Prigitano, Luisa Romanò, Francesco Auxilia, Silvana Castaldi, Anna M Tortorano
Antimicrobial resistance has become a public health priority worldwide. The WHO conducted a survey concerning the personal use of antibiotics, knowledge of appropriate use and awareness of the issue of resistance. A similar survey was conducted in Italy involving 666 young university students and 131 seniors attending courses of the University of the third age. Antibiotics seem to be taken with moderate frequency and appropriately: 30% of respondents took them in the past six months and 94% took these drugs only prescribed by a doctor, in the correct dose and for the proper duration...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283144/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-use-of-safety-precautions-among-health-care-workers-in-a-nigerian-tertiary-hospital-1-year-after-the-ebola-virus-disease-epidemic
#18
Wasiu Olalekan Adebimpe
BACKGROUND: Several studies have found that compliance with universal precautions (UP) reduces the risk of exposure to diseases transmitted through blood and body fluids. Several efforts were made during the 2014 Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in Nigeria to ensure a better behavioral change toward the practice of UP. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed knowledge, attitude, and practice of the use of universal safety precautions among health care workers in a tertiary hospital in Osun State in southwestern Nigeria, 1 year after the containment of the EVD epidemic in Nigeria...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247943/quantitative-risk-assessment-of-norovirus-transmission-in-food-establishments-evaluating-the-impact-of-intervention-strategies-and-food-employee-behavior-on-the-risk-associated-with-norovirus-in-foods
#19
Steven Duret, Régis Pouillot, Wendy Fanaselle, Efstathia Papafragkou, Girvin Liggans, Laurie Williams, Jane M Van Doren
We developed a quantitative risk assessment model using a discrete event framework to quantify and study the risk associated with norovirus transmission to consumers through food contaminated by infected food employees in a retail food setting. This study focused on the impact of ill food workers experiencing symptoms of diarrhea and vomiting and potential control measures for the transmission of norovirus to foods. The model examined the behavior of food employees regarding exclusion from work while ill and after symptom resolution and preventive measures limiting food contamination during preparation...
March 1, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244191/does-targeting-children-with-hygiene-promotion-messages-work-the-effect-of-handwashing-promotion-targeted-at-children-on-diarrhoea-soil-transmitted-helminth-infections-and-behaviour-change-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#20
REVIEW
Julie A Watson, Jeroen H J Ensink, Monica Ramos, Prisca Benelli, Elizabeth Holdsworth, Robert Dreibelbis, Oliver Cumming
OBJECTIVES: To synthesise evidence on the effect of handwashing promotion interventions targeting children, on diarrhoea, soil-transmitted helminth infection and handwashing behaviour, in low- and middle-income country settings. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed by searching eight databases, and reference lists were hand-searched for additional articles. Studies were reviewed for inclusion according to pre-defined inclusion criteria and the quality of all studies was assessed...
February 28, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
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