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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908434/an-observational-study-of-handwashing-compliance-in-a-child-care-facility
#1
Jeffrey Clark, Jennifer K Henk, Philip G Crandall, Mardel A Crandall, Corliss A O'Bryan
BACKGROUND: Handwashing (HW) compliance, although an effective means of limiting childhood illness, remains low among personnel in early childhood centers (ECCs). Our study determined HW compliance and efficacy of ECC personnel. METHODS: Surveillance cameras were used to determine HW opportunities, compliance, occurrences, and effectiveness based on child-care oriented criteria. RESULTS: We observed 349 HW triggering events, with 14 events per hour; a median of 2 personnel (caregivers, paraprofessional aides, or parents) were present at any given time period...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905971/trends-causes-and-risk-factors-of-mortality-among-children-under-5-in-ethiopia-1990-2013-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#2
Amare Deribew, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Kebede Deribe, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Yihunie Lakew, Azmeraw T Amare, Semaw F Abera, Mesoud Mohammed, Abiy Hiruye, Efrem Teklay, Awoke Misganaw, Nicholas Kassebaum
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has made remarkable progress in reducing child mortality over the last two decades. However, the under-5 mortality rate in Ethiopia is still higher than the under-5 mortality rates of several low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). On the other hand, the patterns and causes of child mortality have not been well investigated in Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to investigate the mortality trend, causes of death, and risk factors among children under 5 in Ethiopia during 1990-2013...
November 14, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891065/trends-causes-and-risk-factors-of-mortality-among-children-under-5-in-ethiopia-1990-2013-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#3
Amare Deribew, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Kebede Deribe, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Yihunie Lakew, Azmeraw T Amare, Semaw F Abera, Mesoud Mohammed, Abiy Hiruye, Efrem Teklay, Awoke Misganaw, Nicholas Kassebaum
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has made remarkable progress in reducing child mortality over the last two decades. However, the under-5 mortality rate in Ethiopia is still higher than the under-5 mortality rates of several low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). On the other hand, the patterns and causes of child mortality have not been well investigated in Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to investigate the mortality trend, causes of death, and risk factors among children under 5 in Ethiopia during 1990-2013...
2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890664/do-alcohol-based-hand-rubs-reduce-the-incidence-of-acute-diarrhea-during-military-deployments-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#4
Tiphanie Succo, Franck De Laval, Sébastien Sicard, Didier Belleoud, Catherine Marimoutou, Aurélie Mayet, Luis Sagaon-Teyssier, Rémy Michel
BACKGROUND: Acute diarrhea remains a public health concern in armed forces deployed in tropical areas where access to water and soap is limited. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of alcohol-based hand rubs (ABHR) on incidence of diarrhea in poor hygiene conditions. METHOD: A prospective randomized trial was conducted between November 2014 and January 2015 among French military troops deployed in Africa to compare a group of soldiers receiving usual hand hygiene recommendations (control group), to a group of soldiers who received ABHR in addition to usual hand hygiene recommendations (intervention group)...
November 23, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890334/control-of-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-outbreaks-in-acute-settings-an-evidence-review
#5
REVIEW
C E French, C Coope, L Conway, J P T Higgins, J McCulloch, G Okoli, B C Patel, I Oliver
BACKGROUND: In recent years, infections with carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) have been increasing globally and present a major public health challenge. AIM: To review the international literature: (i) to describe CPE outbreaks in acute hospital settings globally; and (ii) to identify the control measures used during these outbreaks and report on their effectiveness. METHODS: A systematic search of MEDLINE and EMBASE databases, abstract lists for key conferences and reference lists of key reviews was undertaken, and information on unpublished outbreaks was sought for 2000-2015...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889937/household-level-risk-factors-for-secondary-influenza-like-illness-in-a-rural-area-of-bangladesh
#6
Anne M Weaver, Kaniz Khatun-E-Jannat, Emily Cercone, Kimberly Krytus, Badrul Munir Sohel, Makhdum Ahmed, Mustafizur Rahman, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Jihnhee Yu, Alicia M Fry, Stephen P Luby, Pavani K Ram
OBJECTIVE: To describe household-level risk factors for secondary Influenza-like illness (ILI), an important public health concern in the low-income population of Bangladesh. METHODS: Secondary analysis of control participants in a randomized controlled trial evaluating the effect of handwashing to prevent household ILI transmission. We recruited index-case patients with ILI-fever (<5 years); fever, cough or sore throat (≥5 years)-from health facilities, collected information on household factors, and conducted syndromic surveillance among household contacts for 10 days after resolution of index-case patients' symptoms...
November 27, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866386/hand-hygiene-program-decreases-school-absenteeism-due-to-upper-respiratory-infections
#7
Ernestina Azor-Martinez, Elena Cobos-Carrascosa, Maria Luisa Seijas-Vazquez, Carmen Fernández-Sánchez, Jenna M Strizzi, Pilar Torres-Alegre, Joaquin Santisteban-Martínez, Francisco Gimenez-Sanchez
BACKGROUND: We assessed the effectiveness of a handwashing program using hand sanitizer to prevent school absenteeism due to upper respiratory infections (URIs). METHODS: This was a randomized, controlled, and open study on a sample of 1341 children 4-12 years old, attending 5 state schools in Almería (Spain), with an 8-month follow-up. The experimental group (EG) washed their hands with soap and water, together with using hand sanitizer, and the control group followed their usual handwashing procedures...
December 2016: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855872/multiple-behaviour-change-intervention-for-diarrhoea-control-in-lusaka-zambia-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#8
Katie Greenland, Jenala Chipungu, Val Curtis, Wolf-Peter Schmidt, Zumbe Siwale, Mweetwa Mudenda, Joyce Chilekwa, James J Lewis, Roma Chilengi
BACKGROUND: Effective prevention and control of diarrhoea requires caregivers to comply with a suite of proven measures, including exclusive breastfeeding, handwashing with soap, correct use of oral rehydration salts, and zinc administration. We aimed to assess the effect of a novel behaviour change intervention using emotional drivers on caregiver practice of these behaviours. METHODS: We did a cluster randomised controlled trial in Lusaka Province, Zambia. A random sample of 16 health centres (clusters) were selected from a sampling frame of 81 health centres in three of four districts in Lusaka Province using a computerised random number generator...
December 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845475/-clean-care-is-safer-care-correct-handwashing-in-the-prevention-of-healthcare-associated-infections
#9
R Squeri, C Genovese, M A R Palamara, G Trimarchi, V La Fauci
BACKGROUND: In 2005, WHO developed the campaign "Clean care is safer care", aiming at the reduction of Healthcare Associated Infections (HCAI) through the worldwide promotion of appropriate hand hygiene practices. Adherence to these practices presently ranges from 5 to 81% (average 40%). METHODS: Aim of the study was the evaluation of healthcare workers (HCWs) adherence to the application of WHO guidelines on the hand hygiene and the possible impact on HCAI reduction...
November 2016: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832211/association-of-frontline-worker-provided-services-with-change-in-block-level-complementary-feeding-indicators-an-ecological-analysis-from-bihar-india
#10
Aritra Das, Sanchita Mahapatra, Guntur Sai Mala, Indrajit Chaudhuri, Tanmay Mahapatra
BACKGROUND: Insufficiencies in complementary feeding put infants and young children at increased risk of undernutrition. Till now, most Indian studies have looked at the individual level determinants of complementary feeding practices. We aimed to evaluate the association of frontline worker (FLW) provided nutritional counselling services, with change in community level indicators of complementary feeding practices among 9-11 month old children over time. METHODS: The study data was obtained from five rounds of 'Lot Quality Assurance Sampling' survey in eight districts of Bihar, an impoverished Indian state...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821687/extent-of-fecal-contamination-of-household-drinking-water-in-nepal-further-analysis-of-nepal-multiple-indicator-cluster-survey-2014
#11
Pragya Kandel, Ritu Kunwar, Prabhat Lamichhane, Surendra Karki
Water sources classified as "improved" may not necessarily provide safe drinking water for householders. We analyzed data from Nepal Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2014 to explore the extent of fecal contamination of household drinking water. Fecal contamination was detected in 81.2% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 77.9-84.2) household drinking water from improved sources and 89.6% (95% CI: 80.4-94.7) in water samples from unimproved sources. In adjusted analysis, there was no difference in odds of fecal contamination of household drinking water between improved and unimproved sources...
November 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814250/handwashing-what-do-i-use-and-why
#12
Larry Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799644/promotion-of-cholera-awareness-among-households-of-cholera-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-cholera-hospital-based-intervention-for-7-days-chobi7-intervention
#13
K M Saif-Ur-Rahman, Tahmina Parvin, Sazzadul Islam Bhuyian, Fatema Zohura, Farzana Begum, Mahamud-Ur Rashid, Shwapon Kumar Biswas, David Sack, R Bradley Sack, Shirajum Monira, Munirul Alam, Nusrat Jahan Shaly, Christine Marie George
Previous studies have demonstrated that household contacts of cholera patients are highly susceptible to cholera infections for a 7-day period after the presentation of the index patient in the hospital. However, there is no standard of care to prevent cholera transmission in this high-risk population. Furthermore, there is limited information available on awareness of cholera transmission and prevention among cholera patients and their household contacts. To initiate a standard of care for this high-risk population, we developed the Cholera-Hospital-Based-Intervention-for-7-Days (CHoBI7), which delivers a handwashing with soap and water treatment intervention to household contacts during the time they spend with the admitted cholera patient in the hospital and reinforces these messages through home visits...
October 10, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799642/evaluation-of-knowledge-and-practices-regarding-cholera-water-treatment-hygiene-and-sanitation-before-and-after-an-oral-cholera-vaccination-campaign-haiti-2013-2014
#14
Lana Childs, Jeannot François, Alina Choudhury, Kathleen Wannemuehler, Amber Dismer, Terri B Hyde, Catherine Y Yen, Kashmira A Date, Stanley Juin, Mark A Katz, Erica Felker Kantor, Janell Routh, Melissa Etheart, Tracie Wright, Paul Adrien, Rania A Tohme
In 2013, the Government of Haiti implemented its first oral cholera vaccine (OCV) campaign in Petite Anse, an urban setting, and Cerca Carvajal, a rural commune. We conducted and compared responses to two independent cross-sectional knowledge and practices household surveys pre- (N = 297) and post- (N = 302) OCV campaign in Petite Anse. No significant differences in knowledge about causes, symptoms, and prevention of cholera were noted. Compared with precampaign respondents, fewer postcampaign respondents reported treating (66% versus 27%, P < 0...
October 31, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787493/outbreak-of-influenza-a-h3n2-variant-virus-infections-among-persons-attending-agricultural-fairs-housing-infected-swine-michigan-and-ohio-july-august-2016
#15
Rebekah S Schicker, John Rossow, Seth Eckel, Nicolas Fisher, Sally Bidol, Lilith Tatham, Janice Matthews-Greer, Kevin Sohner, Andrew S Bowman, James Avrill, Tony Forshey, Lenee Blanton, C Todd Davis, John Schiltz, Susan Skorupski, LaShondra Berman, Yunho Jang, Joseph S Bresee, Stephen Lindstrom, Susan C Trock, David Wentworth, Alicia M Fry, Sietske de Fijter, Kimberly Signs, Mary DiOrio, Sonja J Olsen, Matthew Biggerstaff
On August 3, 2016, the Ohio Department of Health Laboratory reported to CDC that a respiratory specimen collected on July 28 from a male aged 13 years who attended an agricultural fair in Ohio during July 22-29, 2016, and subsequently developed a respiratory illness, tested positive by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) for influenza A(H3N2) variant* (H3N2v). The respiratory specimen was collected as part of routine influenza surveillance activities. The next day, CDC was notified of a child aged 9 years who was a swine exhibitor at an agricultural fair in Michigan who became ill on July 29, 2016, and tested positive for H3N2v virus at the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services Laboratory...
October 28, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777757/a-quasi-experimental-study-to-determine-the-effects-of-a-multifaceted-educational-intervention-on-hand-hygiene-compliance-in-a-radiography-unit
#16
Margaret O'Donoghue, Suk-Hing Ng, Lorna Kp Suen, Maureen Boost
BACKGROUND: Whilst numerous studies have investigated nurses' compliance with hand hygiene and use of alcohol-based hand rub (ABHR), limited attention has been paid to these issues in allied health staff. Reports have linked infections to breaches in infection control in the radiography unit (RU). With advances in medical imaging, a higher proportion of patients come into contact with RU staff increasing the need for good hand hygiene compliance. This study aimed to evaluate effectiveness on compliance of an intervention to improve awareness of hand hygiene in the RU of a district hospital...
2016: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771149/esbl-producing-gram-negative-organisms-in-the-healthcare-environment-as-a-source-of-genetic-material-for-resistance-in-human-infections
#17
M Muzslay, G Moore, N Alhussaini, A P R Wilson
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae in the healthcare setting and in the community despite established infection control guidelines indicates that these microorganisms may possess survival strategies that allow them to persist in the environment. AIMS: To determine the extent and variation in endemic ESBL-carrying species in different ward environments, and to investigate the potential for cephalosporin resistance to be transferred from environmental isolates to human pathogens...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736831/announcement-global-handwashing-day-october-15-2016
#18
(no author information available yet)
October 15, 2016, marks Global Handwashing Day. This observance increases awareness and understanding of the importance of handwashing with soap as an effective and affordable means of preventing disease around the world.
October 14, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720317/developing-professional-habits-of-hand-hygiene-in-intensive-care-settings-an-action-research-intervention
#19
Giuseppe Battistella, Giuliana Berto, Stefania Bazzo
OBJECTIVES: To explore perceptions and unconscious psychological processes underlying handwashing behaviours of intensive care nurses, to implement organisational innovations for improving hand hygiene in clinical practice. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: An action-research intervention was performed in 2012 and 2013 in the intensive care unit of a public hospital in Italy, consisting of: structured interviews, semantic analysis, development and validation of a questionnaire, team discussion, project design and implementation...
October 5, 2016: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698273/chlorination-of-household-drinking-water-among-cholera-patients-households-to-prevent-transmission-of-toxigenic-vibrio-cholerae-in-dhaka-city-chobi7-trial
#20
Mahamud-Ur Rashid, Christine Marie George, Shirajum Monira, Toslim Mahmud, Zillur Rahman, Munshi Mustafiz, K M Saif-Ur-Rahman, Tahmina Parvin, Sazzadul Islam Bhuyian, Fatema Zohura, Farzana Begum, Shwapon Kumar Biswas, Xiaotong Zhang, David Sack, R Bradley Sack, Munirul Alam
Household members of cholera patients are at a 100 times higher risk of cholera infections than the general population because of shared contaminated drinking water sources and secondary transmission through poor household hygiene practices. In this study, we investigated the bactericidal concentration of free chlorine required to inactivate Vibrio cholerae in household drinking water in Dhaka city. In laboratory experiments, we found that the concentrations of free chlorine required to inactivate 10(5) colony-forming units (CFU)/mL of V...
October 3, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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