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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081063/state-laws-requiring-hand-sanitation-stations-at-animal-contact-exhibits-united-states-march-april-2016
#1
Aila Hoss, Colin Basler, Lauren Stevenson, Kelly Gambino-Shirley, Misha Park Robyn, Megin Nichols
In the United States, animal contact exhibits, such as petting zoos and agricultural fairs, have been sources of zoonotic infections, including infections with Escherichia coli, Salmonella, and Cryptosporidium (1-4). The National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians recommends handwashing after contact with animals as an effective prevention measure to disease transmission at these exhibits (4). This report provides a list of states that have used law, specifically statutes and regulations, as public health interventions to increase hand sanitation at animal contact exhibits...
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071141/psychosocial-factors-mediating-the-effect-of-the-chobi7-intervention-on-handwashing-with-soap
#2
Christine Marie George, Shwapon Biswas, Danielle Jung, Jamie Perin, Tahmina Parvin, Shirajum Monira, K M Saif-Ur-Rahman, Mahamud-Ur Rashid, Sazzadul Islam Bhuyian, Elizabeth D Thomas, Robert Dreibelbis, Farzana Begum, Fatema Zohura, Xiaotong Zhang, David A Sack, Munirul Alam, R Bradley Sack, Elli Leontsini, Peter J Winch
Inadequate hand hygiene is estimated to result in nearly 300,000 deaths annually, with the majority of deaths being among children younger than 5 years. In an effort to promote handwashing with soap and water treatment behaviors among highly susceptible household members of cholera patients, we recently developed the Cholera-Hospital-Based Intervention-for-7-Days (CHoBI7); chobi means picture in Bengali. This 1-week handwashing with soap and water treatment intervention is delivered by a promoter in the hospital and the home to cholera patients and their household members...
January 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044046/contextual-and-psychosocial-determinants-of-effective-handwashing-technique-recommendations-for-interventions-from-a-case-study-in-harare-zimbabwe
#3
Max N D Friedrich, Marc E Binkert, Hans-Joachim Mosler
Handwashing has been shown to considerably reduce diarrhea morbidity and mortality. To decontaminate hands effectively, the use of running water, soap, and various scrubbing steps are recommended. This study aims to identify the behavioral determinants of effective handwashing. Everyday handwashing technique of 434 primary caregivers in high-density suburbs of Harare, Zimbabwe, was observed and measured as an 8-point sum score of effective handwashing technique. Multiple linear and logistic regression analyses were performed to predict observed handwashing technique from potential contextual and psychosocial determinants...
January 2, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043097/costs-of-diarrhoea-and-acute-respiratory-infection-attributable-to-not-handwashing-the-cases-of-india-and-china
#4
Joy Townsend, Katie Greenland, Val Curtis
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the national costs relating to diarrhoea and acute respiratory infections from not handwashing with soap after contact with excreta and the costs and benefits of handwashing behaviour change programmes in India and China. METHODS: Data on the reduction in risk of diarrhoea and acute respiratory infection attributable to handwashing with soap were used, together with World Health Organization (WHO) estimates of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) due to diarrhoea and acute respiratory infection, to estimate DALYs due to not handwashing in India and China...
January 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030544/seeking-clearer-recommendations-for-hand-hygiene-in-communities-facing-ebola-a-randomized-trial-investigating-the-impact-of-six-handwashing-methods-on-skin-irritation-and-dermatitis
#5
Marlene K Wolfe, Emma Wells, Brittany Mitro, Anne Marie Desmarais, Pamela Scheinman, Daniele Lantagne
: To prevent disease transmission, 0.05% chlorine solution is commonly recommended for handwashing in Ebola Treatment Units. In the 2014 West Africa outbreak this recommendation was widely extended to community settings, although many organizations recommend soap and hand sanitizer over chlorine. To evaluate skin irritation caused by frequent handwashing that may increase transmission risk in Ebola-affected communities, we conducted a randomized trial with 91 subjects who washed their hands 10 times a day for 28 days...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025233/nonrandomized-trial-of-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-strategies-for-promotion-of-soapy-water-as-a-handwashing-agent-in-rural-bangladesh
#6
Sania Ashraf, Fosiul A Nizame, Mahfuza Islam, Notan C Dutta, Dahlia Yeasmin, Sadika Akhter, Jaynal Abedin, Peter J Winch, Pavani K Ram, Leanne Unicomb, Elli Leontsini, Stephen P Luby
We conducted a nonrandomized trial of strategies to promote soapy water for handwashing in rural Bangladesh and measured uptake. We enrolled households with children < 3 years for three progressively intensive study arms: promotion of soapy water (N = 120), soapy water promotion plus handwashing stations (N = 103), and soapy water promotion, stations plus detergent refills (N = 90); we also enrolled control households (N = 72). Our handwashing stations included tap-fitted buckets and soapy water bottles...
December 26, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012431/outsourcing-cleaning-services-increases-mrsa-incidence-evidence-from-126-english-acute-trusts
#7
Veronica Toffolutti, Aaron Reeves, Martin McKee, David Stuckler
There has been extensive outsourcing of hospital cleaning services in the NHS in England, in part because of the potential to reduce costs. Yet some argue that this leads to lower hygiene standards and more infections, such as MRSA and, perhaps because of this, the Scottish, Welsh, and Northern Irish health services have rejected outsourcing. This study evaluates whether contracting out cleaning services in English acute hospital Trusts (legal authorities that run one or more hospitals) is associated with risks of hospital-borne MRSA infection and lower economic costs...
December 14, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992609/use-of-oral-cholera-vaccine-and-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-safe-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-a-long-standing-refugee-camp-thailand-2012-2014
#8
Heather M Scobie, Christina R Phares, Kathleen A Wannemuehler, Edith Nyangoma, Eboni M Taylor, Anna Fulton, Nuttapong Wongjindanon, Naw Rody Aung, Phillipe Travers, Kashmira Date
Oral cholera vaccines (OCVs) are relatively new public health interventions, and limited data exist on the potential impact of OCV use on traditional cholera prevention and control measures-safe water, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH). To assess OCV acceptability and knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAPs) regarding cholera and WaSH, we conducted cross-sectional surveys, 1 month before (baseline) and 3 and 12 months after (first and second follow-up) a preemptive OCV campaign in Maela, a long-standing refugee camp on the Thailand-Burma border...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986296/effects-of-a-mixed-media-education-intervention-program-on-increasing-knowledge-attitude-and-compliance-with-standard-precautions-among-nursing-students-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Peng Xiong, Jun Zhang, Xiaohui Wang, Tat Leong Wu, Brian J Hall
BACKGROUND: Standard precautions (SPs) are considered fundamental protective measures to manage health care-associated infections and to reduce occupational health hazards. This study intended to assess the effectiveness of a mixed media education intervention to enhance nursing students' knowledge, attitude, and compliance with SPs. METHOD: A randomized controlled trial with 84 nursing students was conducted in a teaching hospital in Hubei, China. The intervention group (n = 42) attended 3 biweekly mixed media education sessions, consisting of lectures, videos, role-play, and feedback with 15-20 minutes of individual online supervision and feedback sessions following each class...
December 13, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923001/handwashing-products-used-by-the-home-care-patient-and-their-caregiver
#10
Mary McGoldrick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908434/an-observational-study-of-handwashing-compliance-in-a-child-care-facility
#11
Jeffrey Clark, Jennifer K Henk, Philip G Crandall, Mardel A Crandall, Corliss A O'Bryan
BACKGROUND: Handwashing (HW) compliance, although an effective means of limiting childhood illness, remains low among personnel in early childhood centers (ECCs). Our study determined HW compliance and efficacy of ECC personnel. METHODS: Surveillance cameras were used to determine HW opportunities, compliance, occurrences, and effectiveness based on child-care oriented criteria. RESULTS: We observed 349 HW triggering events, with 14 events per hour; a median of 2 personnel (caregivers, paraprofessional aides, or parents) were present at any given time period...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905971/trends-causes-and-risk-factors-of-mortality-among-children-under-5-in-ethiopia-1990-2013-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#12
Amare Deribew, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Kebede Deribe, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Yihunie Lakew, Azmeraw T Amare, Semaw F Abera, Mesoud Mohammed, Abiy Hiruye, Efrem Teklay, Awoke Misganaw, Nicholas Kassebaum
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has made remarkable progress in reducing child mortality over the last two decades. However, the under-5 mortality rate in Ethiopia is still higher than the under-5 mortality rates of several low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). On the other hand, the patterns and causes of child mortality have not been well investigated in Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to investigate the mortality trend, causes of death, and risk factors among children under 5 in Ethiopia during 1990-2013...
November 14, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891065/trends-causes-and-risk-factors-of-mortality-among-children-under-5-in-ethiopia-1990-2013-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#13
Amare Deribew, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Kebede Deribe, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Yihunie Lakew, Azmeraw T Amare, Semaw F Abera, Mesoud Mohammed, Abiy Hiruye, Efrem Teklay, Awoke Misganaw, Nicholas Kassebaum
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has made remarkable progress in reducing child mortality over the last two decades. However, the under-5 mortality rate in Ethiopia is still higher than the under-5 mortality rates of several low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). On the other hand, the patterns and causes of child mortality have not been well investigated in Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to investigate the mortality trend, causes of death, and risk factors among children under 5 in Ethiopia during 1990-2013...
2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890664/do-alcohol-based-hand-rubs-reduce-the-incidence-of-acute-diarrhea-during-military-deployments-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#14
Tiphanie Succo, Franck De Laval, Sébastien Sicard, Didier Belleoud, Catherine Marimoutou, Aurélie Mayet, Luis Sagaon-Teyssier, Rémy Michel
BACKGROUND: Acute diarrhea remains a public health concern in armed forces deployed in tropical areas where access to water and soap is limited. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of alcohol-based hand rubs (ABHR) on incidence of diarrhea in poor hygiene conditions. METHOD: A prospective randomized trial was conducted between November 2014 and January 2015 among French military troops deployed in Africa to compare a group of soldiers receiving usual hand hygiene recommendations (control group), to a group of soldiers who received ABHR in addition to usual hand hygiene recommendations (intervention group)...
November 23, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890334/control-of-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-outbreaks-in-acute-settings-an-evidence-review
#15
REVIEW
C E French, C Coope, L Conway, J P T Higgins, J McCulloch, G Okoli, B C Patel, I Oliver
BACKGROUND: In recent years, infections with carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) have been increasing globally and present a major public health challenge. AIM: To review the international literature: (i) to describe CPE outbreaks in acute hospital settings globally; and (ii) to identify the control measures used during these outbreaks and report on their effectiveness. METHODS: A systematic search of MEDLINE and EMBASE databases, abstract lists for key conferences and reference lists of key reviews was undertaken, and information on unpublished outbreaks was sought for 2000-2015...
January 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889937/household-level-risk-factors-for-secondary-influenza-like-illness-in-a-rural-area-of-bangladesh
#16
Anne M Weaver, Kaniz Khatun-E-Jannat, Emily Cercone, Kimberly Krytus, Badrul Munir Sohel, Makhdum Ahmed, Mustafizur Rahman, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Jihnhee Yu, Alicia M Fry, Stephen P Luby, Pavani K Ram
OBJECTIVE: To describe household-level risk factors for secondary Influenza-like illness (ILI), an important public health concern in the low-income population of Bangladesh. METHODS: Secondary analysis of control participants in a randomized controlled trial evaluating the effect of handwashing to prevent household ILI transmission. We recruited index-case patients with ILI-fever (<5 years); fever, cough or sore throat (≥5 years)-from health facilities, collected information on household factors, and conducted syndromic surveillance among household contacts for 10 days after resolution of index-case patients' symptoms...
November 27, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866386/hand-hygiene-program-decreases-school-absenteeism-due-to-upper-respiratory-infections
#17
Ernestina Azor-Martinez, Elena Cobos-Carrascosa, Maria Luisa Seijas-Vazquez, Carmen Fernández-Sánchez, Jenna M Strizzi, Pilar Torres-Alegre, Joaquin Santisteban-Martínez, Francisco Gimenez-Sanchez
BACKGROUND: We assessed the effectiveness of a handwashing program using hand sanitizer to prevent school absenteeism due to upper respiratory infections (URIs). METHODS: This was a randomized, controlled, and open study on a sample of 1341 children 4-12 years old, attending 5 state schools in Almería (Spain), with an 8-month follow-up. The experimental group (EG) washed their hands with soap and water, together with using hand sanitizer, and the control group followed their usual handwashing procedures...
December 2016: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855872/multiple-behaviour-change-intervention-for-diarrhoea-control-in-lusaka-zambia-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#18
Katie Greenland, Jenala Chipungu, Val Curtis, Wolf-Peter Schmidt, Zumbe Siwale, Mweetwa Mudenda, Joyce Chilekwa, James J Lewis, Roma Chilengi
BACKGROUND: Effective prevention and control of diarrhoea requires caregivers to comply with a suite of proven measures, including exclusive breastfeeding, handwashing with soap, correct use of oral rehydration salts, and zinc administration. We aimed to assess the effect of a novel behaviour change intervention using emotional drivers on caregiver practice of these behaviours. METHODS: We did a cluster randomised controlled trial in Lusaka Province, Zambia. A random sample of 16 health centres (clusters) were selected from a sampling frame of 81 health centres in three of four districts in Lusaka Province using a computerised random number generator...
December 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845475/-clean-care-is-safer-care-correct-handwashing-in-the-prevention-of-healthcare-associated-infections
#19
R Squeri, C Genovese, M A R Palamara, G Trimarchi, V La Fauci
BACKGROUND: In 2005, WHO developed the campaign "Clean care is safer care", aiming at the reduction of Healthcare Associated Infections (HCAI) through the worldwide promotion of appropriate hand hygiene practices. Adherence to these practices presently ranges from 5 to 81% (average 40%). METHODS: Aim of the study was the evaluation of healthcare workers (HCWs) adherence to the application of WHO guidelines on the hand hygiene and the possible impact on HCAI reduction...
November 2016: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832211/association-of-frontline-worker-provided-services-with-change-in-block-level-complementary-feeding-indicators-an-ecological-analysis-from-bihar-india
#20
Aritra Das, Sanchita Mahapatra, Guntur Sai Mala, Indrajit Chaudhuri, Tanmay Mahapatra
BACKGROUND: Insufficiencies in complementary feeding put infants and young children at increased risk of undernutrition. Till now, most Indian studies have looked at the individual level determinants of complementary feeding practices. We aimed to evaluate the association of frontline worker (FLW) provided nutritional counselling services, with change in community level indicators of complementary feeding practices among 9-11 month old children over time. METHODS: The study data was obtained from five rounds of 'Lot Quality Assurance Sampling' survey in eight districts of Bihar, an impoverished Indian state...
2016: PloS One
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