Read by QxMD icon Read


(no author information available yet)
October 15, 2016, marks Global Handwashing Day. This observance increases awareness and understanding of the importance of handwashing with soap as an effective and affordable means of preventing disease around the world.
October 14, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Giuseppe Battistella, Giuliana Berto, Stefania Bazzo
OBJECTIVES: To explore perceptions and unconscious psychological processes underlying handwashing behaviours of intensive care nurses, to implement organisational innovations for improving hand hygiene in clinical practice. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: An action-research intervention was performed in 2012 and 2013 in the intensive care unit of a public hospital in Italy, consisting of: structured interviews, semantic analysis, development and validation of a questionnaire, team discussion, project design and implementation...
October 5, 2016: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
Mahamud-Ur Rashid, Christine Marie George, Shirajum Monira, Toslim Mahmud, Zillur Rahman, Munshi Mustafiz, K M Saif-Ur-Rahman, Tahmina Parvin, Sazzadul Islam Bhuyian, Fatema Zohura, Farzana Begum, Shwapon Kumar Biswas, Xiaotong Zhang, David Sack, R Bradley Sack, Munirul Alam
Household members of cholera patients are at a 100 times higher risk of cholera infections than the general population because of shared contaminated drinking water sources and secondary transmission through poor household hygiene practices. In this study, we investigated the bactericidal concentration of free chlorine required to inactivate Vibrio cholerae in household drinking water in Dhaka city. In laboratory experiments, we found that the concentrations of free chlorine required to inactivate 10(5) colony-forming units (CFU)/mL of V...
October 3, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Fatema Zohura, Sazzadul Islam Bhuyian, Shirajum Monira, Farzana Begum, Shwapon K Biswas, Tahmina Parvin, David Sack, R Bradley Sack, Elli Leontsini, K M Saif-Ur-Rahman, Mahamud-Ur Rashid, Rumana Sharmin, Xiaotong Zhang, Munirul Alam, Christine Marie George
Household members of cholera patients are at a 100 times higher risk of cholera than the general population. Despite this risk, there are only a handful of studies that have looked at the handwashing practices among hospitalized diarrhea patients and their accompanying household members. To investigate handwashing practices in a hospital setting among this high-risk population, a 3-hour structured observation was conducted in a hospital in Dhaka, Bangladesh, among 148 cholera patients and their household members...
October 3, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Max N D Friedrich, Timothy R Julian, Andreas Kappler, Tamuka Nhiwatiwa, Hans-Joachim Mosler
BACKGROUND: Consistent domestic hand hygiene can reduce diarrhea-related morbidity and mortality and the spread of other communicable diseases. However, it remains uncertain which technique of handwashing is most effective and practicable during everyday life. The goal of this study is to determine how the handwashing technique, as performed in the daily life by the participants of this case study in Harare, Zimbabwe, influences microbial handwashing effectiveness. METHODS: Handwashing technique of 173 primary caregivers was observed in their homes and hand rinse samples were collected before and after handwashing...
September 23, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Ina L Sonego, Hans-Joachim Mosler
A variety of hygiene behaviors are fundamental to the prevention of diarrhea. We used spot-checks in a survey of 761 households in Burundi to examine whether something we could call general hygiene practice is responsible for more specific hygiene behaviors, ranging from handwashing to sweeping the floor. Using structural equation modeling, we showed that clusters of hygiene behavior, such as primary caregivers' cleanliness and household cleanliness, explained the spot-check findings well. Within our model, general hygiene practice as overall concept explained the more specific clusters of hygiene behavior well...
October 2016: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
L M Horng, L Unicomb, M-U Alam, A K Halder, A K Shoab, P K Ghosh, A Opel, M K Islam, S P Luby
BACKGROUND: Healthcare facility hand hygiene impacts patient care, healthcare worker safety, and infection control, but low-income countries have few data to guide interventions. AIM: To conduct a nationally representative survey of hand hygiene infrastructure and behaviour in Bangladeshi healthcare facilities to establish baseline data to aid policy. METHODS: The 2013 Bangladesh National Hygiene Baseline Survey examined water, sanitation, and hand hygiene across households, schools, restaurants and food vendors, traditional birth attendants, and healthcare facilities...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
Kelly B Kamm, Jelena Vujcic, Sharifa Nasreen, Stephen P Luby, K Zaman, Shams El Arifeen, Pavani K Ram
OBJECTIVE: Promoting handwashing with soap to mothers of young children can significantly reduce diarrhoea and pneumonia morbidity among children, but studies that measured long-term behaviour after interventions rarely found improvements in handwashing habits. Expecting mothers may experience emotional and social changes that create a unique environment that may encourage adoption of improved handwashing habits. The objective of this study was to determine whether exposure to an intensive handwashing intervention in the perinatal period (perinatal arm) was associated with improved maternal handwashing behaviour vs...
September 19, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
Anita D Sircar, Francisca Abanyie, Dean Blumberg, Peter Chin-Hong, Katrina S Coulter, Dennis Cunningham, W Charles Huskins, Charles Langelier, Michael Reid, Brian J Scott, Debbie-Ann Shirley, Jennifer M Babik, Aleksandra Belova, Sarah G H Sapp, Isabel McAuliffe, Hilda N Rivera, Michael J Yabsley, Susan P Montgomery
Baylisascaris procyonis, predominantly found in raccoons, is a ubiquitous roundworm found throughout North America. Although raccoons are typically asymptomatic when infected with the parasite, the larval form of Baylisascaris procyonis can result in fatal human disease or severe neurologic outcomes if not treated rapidly. In the United States, Baylisascaris procyonis is more commonly enzootic in raccoons in the midwestern and northeastern regions and along the West Coast (1). However, since 2002, infections have been documented in other states (Florida and Georgia) and regions (2)...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Mitsuaki Hirai, Jay P Graham, Kay D Mattson, Andrea Kelsey, Supriya Mukherji, Aidan A Cronin
Handwashing with soap is recognized as a cost-effective intervention to reduce morbidity and mortality associated with enteric and respiratory infections. This study analyzes rural Indonesian households' hygiene behaviors and attitudes to examine how motivations for handwashing, locations of handwashing space in the household, and handwashing moments are associated with handwashing with soap as potential determinants of the behavior. The analysis was conducted using results from a UNICEF cross-sectional study of 1700 households in six districts across three provinces of Indonesia...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
(no author information available yet)
A video of a nurse demonstrating correct handwashing techniques to the tune of one of Taylor Swift's biggest hits has been viewed more than 1.6 million times.
September 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
Patience B Tetteh-Quarcoo, Isaac Anim-Baidoo, Simon Kwaku Attah, Bawa Abdul-Latif Baako, Japheth A Opintan, Andrew A Minamor, Mubarak Abdul-Rahman, Patrick F Ayeh-Kumi
Objective. This study aimed at determining the microbial content of "bowl water" used for communal handwashing in preschools within the Accra Metropolis. Method. Six (6) preschools in the Accra Metropolis were involved in the study. Water samples and swabs from the hands of the preschool children were collected. The samples were analysed and tested for bacteria, fungi, parasites, and rotavirus. Results. Eight different bacteria, two different parasites, and a fungus were isolated while no rotavirus was detected...
2016: International Journal of Microbiology
Robert Aunger, Katie Greenland, George Ploubidis, Wolf Schmidt, John Oxford, Valerie Curtis
A substantial proportion of the total infectious disease burden world-wide is due to person-to-person spread of pathogens within households. A questionnaire-based survey on the determinants of hand-washing with soap and cleaning of household surfaces was conducted in at least 1000 households in each of twelve countries across the world (N = 12,239). A structural equation model of hygiene behaviour and its consequences derived from theory was then estimated on this dataset for both behaviours, using a maximum likelihood procedure...
2016: PloS One
J Mwai, S Njenga, M Barasa
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis remains a major public health problem in Kenya. Inadequate knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) on causative factors are some of the critical factors for the increased prevalence. The study assessed KAP on the control and prevention of schistosomiasis infection in Mwea division, Kirinyaga County-Kenya. Four hundred and sixty five house-hold heads were enrolled in this study by use of simple random sampling technique. METHODS: The study employed an analytical descriptive cross sectional design utilizing both quantitative and qualitative data collection methods...
2016: BMC Public Health
(no author information available yet)
1 A video showing nurse teacher Ross Mawhinney demonstrating a seven-step handwashing technique to the hit song Shake it Off by pop singer Taylor Swift has been viewed more than 1.6 million times. Read more
August 17, 2016: Nursing Standard
Miren Iturriza-Gomara, Sarah J O'Brien
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of the study was to provide an update on foodborne viral infections describing illness burden, the main aetiological agents (enteric viruses, hepatitis viruses and emerging and zoonotic viruses) and advances in virus detection in foods. RECENT FINDINGS: Norovirus (NoV) is the most common viral foodborne pathogen globally (125 million cases and 35 000 deaths). The role of the asymptomatic food handlers in contributing to NoV outbreaks is becoming increasingly clear, with up to one-quarter of outbreaks attributable to them...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
Paul J Therattil, Janet H Yueh, Anthony M Kordahi, Deepa V Cherla, Edward S Lee, Mark S Granick
INTRODUCTION: Outpatient wound care plays an integral part in any plastic surgery practice. However, compliance with hand hygiene measures has shown to be low, due to skin irritation and lack of time. The objective of this trial was to determine whether single-use, long-acting antiseptics can be as effective as standard multiple-use hand hygiene methods in an outpatient surgical setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, randomized controlled trial was performed in the authors' outpatient plastic surgery clinic at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ to compare the efficacy of an ethyl alcohol-based sanitizer (Avagard D Instant Hand Aniseptic, 3M Health Care, St...
December 2015: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Tara Konicki, Elaine Miller
BACKGROUND: Although hand hygiene remains an essential aspect of quality care, adherence to best patient safety practices continues to pose major challenges. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are to examine hand hygiene knowledge, beliefs, practices, perceived importance and behaviors using Social Cognitive Theory and simulation-based intervention. DESIGN: Participants were taken from a convenience sample of 131 undergraduate nursing students enrolled in a nursing fundamentals course at an urban university in the midwestern United States, and then randomly assigned to their respective groups...
October 2016: Nurse Education Today
Jonny Crocker, Elvis Abodoo, Daniel Asamani, William Domapielle, Benedict Gyapong, Jamie Bartram
We used a cluster-randomized field trial to evaluate training natural leaders (NLs) as an addition to a community-led total sanitation (CLTS) intervention in Ghana. NLs are motivated community members who influence their peers' behaviors during CLTS. The outcomes were latrine use and quality, which were assessed from surveys and direct observation. From October 2012, Plan International Ghana (Plan) implemented CLTS in 60 villages in three regions in Ghana. After 5 months, Plan trained eight NLs from a randomly selected half of the villages, then continued implementing CLTS in all villages for 12 more months...
August 16, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Lin Chen, Li-Hua Huang, Mei-Yuan Xing, Zhi-Xian Feng, Le-Wen Shao, Mei-Yun Zhang, Rong-Ya Shao
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop nursing-sensitive quality indicators consistent with current medical practices in Chinese neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). BACKGROUND: The development of nursing-sensitive quality indicators has become a top priority in nursing management. To the best of our knowledge, there has been no objective, scientific and sensitive evaluation of the quality of NICU nursing in China. DESIGN: A modified Delphi technique was used to seek opinions from experts about what should be used and prioritized as indicators of quality care in NICU nursing...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"