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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629756/nasal-colonization-of-staphylococcus-aureus-colonal-complex-5-prevalence-influencing-factors-and-phenotypic-and-molecular-characteristics-in-pregnant-chinese-women
#1
Jialing Lin, Chuanan Wu, Qianting Ou, Dongxin Lin, Ting Zhang, Chan Bai, Haoqu Zheng, Jiaping Ye, Xiaojie Wang, Ying Li, Xiaohua Ye, Zhenjiang Yao
BACKGROUND: Colonal complex 5 (CC5) has been referred to as the most pandemic community-associated Staphylococcus aureus in most Asian countries. However, few studies have focused on CC5 isolates in pregnant women. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and phenotypic and molecular characteristics of S aureus and methicillin-resistant S aureus (MRSA) CC5 nasal colonization in pregnant Chinese women. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study between August and November 2015 in 2 hospitals in Shenzhen, China...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623001/a-concealed-observational-study-of-infection-control-and-safe-injection-practices-in-jordanian-governmental-hospitals
#2
Omar M Al-Rawajfah, Ahmad Tubaishat
BACKGROUND: The recognized international organizations on infection prevention recommend using an observational method as the gold standard procedure for assessing health care professional's compliance with standard infection control practices. However, observational studies are rarely used in Jordanian infection control studies. This study aimed to evaluate injection practices among nurses working in Jordanian governmental hospitals. METHODS: A cross-sectional concealed observational design is used for this study...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596020/challenges-to-sustainability-of-hand-hygiene-at-a-rural-hospital-in-rwanda
#3
Ian C Holmen, Dan Niyokwizerwa, Berthine Nyiranzayisaba, Timothy Singer, Nasia Safdar
BACKGROUND: Many hand hygiene (HH) programs have been implemented across Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA); however, most of these have been in large, referral hospitals. Our objective was to assess the impact of HH programs aimed at improving compliance at a rural hospital, and to identify unique challenges to HH sustainability. METHODS: Interventions to improve HH through providing handwashing stations, health care worker (HCW) training, and alcohol handrub were completed in 2014 and 2015...
June 5, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592138/the-effects-of-perceived-social-norms-on-handwashing-behaviour-in-students
#4
Rachel Dickie, Susan Rasmussen, Rachel Cain, Lynn Williams, William MacKay
Handwashing is widely considered the most effective method of preventing the spread of infectious illness. Exploring the determinants of handwashing is vital to the development of interventions to increase this behaviour. A survey based on Social Norms Theory assessed handwashing frequency and perceptions of peer handwashing in 255 university students. Participants reported their own handwashing frequency, and how often they thought their peers washed their hands in particular circumstances, to determine whether misperceptions around handwashing exist, and whether these influence the behaviour of individuals...
June 7, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588978/improving-ebola-infection-prevention-and-control-in-primary-healthcare-facilities-in-sierra-leone-a-single-group-pretest-post-test-mixed-methods-study
#5
Ruwan Ratnayake, Lara S Ho, Rashid Ansumana, Hannah Brown, Matthias Borchert, Laura Miller, Thomas Kratz, Shannon A McMahon, Foday Sahr
BACKGROUND: Accomplishing infection prevention and control (IPC) in health facilities in Sub-Saharan Africa is challenging. Owing to poor IPC, healthcare workers (HCWs) were frequently infected during Sierra Leone's Ebola epidemic. In late 2014, IPC was rapidly and nationally scaled up. We carried out workshops in sampled facilities to further improve adherence to IPC. We investigated HCW experiences and observed practice gaps, before and after the workshops. METHODS: We conducted an uncontrolled, before and after, mixed-methods study in eight health facilities in Bo and Kenema Districts during December 2014 and January 2015...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541815/occupational-skin-disease-prevention-an-educational-intervention-for-hairdresser-cosmetology-students
#6
Kara Haughtigan, Eve Main, Tonya Bragg-Underwood, Cecilia Watkins
Cosmetologists frequently develop occupational skin disease related to workplace exposures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate an educational intervention to increase cosmetology students' occupational skin disease knowledge and use of preventive practices. A quasi-experimental design was used to evaluate students' knowledge, behaviors, intentions, expectancies, and expectations. A 20-minute verbal presentation and printed two-page educational handout were provided for participants. Statistically significant increases in knowledge, frequency of glove use, and frequency of moisturizer use were found, but the frequency of handwashing did not increase...
May 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539190/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools-status-and-implications-of-low-coverage-in-ethiopia-kenya-mozambique-rwanda-uganda-and-zambia
#7
Camille Morgan, Michael Bowling, Jamie Bartram, Georgia Lyn Kayser
Adequate access to water, sanitation, and hygiene (WaSH) in schools impacts health, educational outcomes, and gender disparities. Little multi-country research has been published on WaSH in rural schools in Sub-Saharan Africa. In this multi-national cross-sectional WaSH study, we document WaSH access, continuity, quality, quantity, and reliability in 2270 schools that were randomly sampled in rural regions of six Sub-Saharan African countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zambia. Data collection included: school WaSH surveys containing internationally established WaSH indicators, direct observation, and field- and laboratory-based microbiological water quality testing...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526314/efficacy-of-the-world-health-organization-recommended-handwashing-technique-and-a-modified-washing-technique-to-remove-clostridium-difficile-from-hands
#8
Philippe Deschênes, Frédéric Chano, Léa-Laurence Dionne, Didier Pittet, Yves Longtin
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of the World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended handwashing technique against Clostridium difficile is uncertain, and whether it could be improved remains unknown. Also, the benefit of using a structured technique instead of an unstructured technique remains unclear. METHODS: This study was a prospective comparison of 3 techniques (unstructured, WHO, and a novel technique dubbed WHO shortened repeated [WHO-SR] technique) to remove C difficile...
May 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511602/evaluation-of-student-handwashing-practices-during-a-school-based-hygiene-program-in-rural-western-kenya-2007
#9
Genevieve La Con, Katharine Schilling, Julie Harris, Bobbie Person, Mercy Owuor, Lorraine Ogange, Sitnah Faith, Robert Quick
Unsafe drinking water and inadequate handwashing facilities in primary schools increase the risk of absenteeism due to diarrhea and respiratory infections. To mitigate these risks, we provided 28 schools in rural Western Kenya with handwashing and drinking water stations (containers with lids and taps on metal stands), bleach for water treatment, soap for handwashing, and educational materials. We observed the use of the water stations and assessed teachers' attitudes toward the intervention. Of 151 total handwashing stations, 69 (59%) were observed to have soap and water and treated drinking water 4 months after implementation; observations of pupils showed an increase in handwashing behavior in water stations located < 10 m, as compared with those >10 m, from latrines ( p < ...
January 2017: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497058/impact-of-an-intensive-perinatal-handwashing-promotion-intervention-on-maternal-handwashing-behavior-in-the-neonatal-period-findings-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-rural-bangladesh
#10
Pavani Kalluri Ram, Sharifa Nasreen, Kelly Kamm, Jelena Allen, Swapna Kumar, Mohammad Anisur Rahman, K Zaman, Shams El Arifeen, Stephen P Luby
One-quarter of neonatal deaths are attributed to infections. Maternal handwashing with soap may prevent neonatal sepsis. We examined impact of intensive handwashing promotion on handwashing behavior of mothers of neonates. In Matlab, Bangladesh, we randomly allocated pregnant women at 28-32 weeks' gestation to intensive handwashing promotion or control. Behavior change communicators used a participatory approach to motivate maternal handwashing with soap and provided soap and handwashing stations. In the neonatal period, we observed soap and water at handwashing places and, at the end of the neonatal period, we estimated impact on maternal handwashing by structured observation...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494664/handwashing
#11
Erin Dean
Our clinical update on new National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance on tackling antimicrobial resistance.
May 12, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476170/provision-versus-promotion-to-develop-a-handwashing-station-the-effect-on-desired-handwashing-behavior
#12
Debashish Biswas, Fosiul Alam Nizame, Tina Sanghvi, Sumitro Roy, Stephen P Luby, Leanne E Unicomb
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea prevalence increases from around the time that complementary foods are introduced. Improving caregiver's hand hygiene during food preparation could reduce complementary food contamination and enteric pathogen transmission. Washing hands with soap is more common when water and soap are together at a convenient location. We conducted a three-month pilot intervention to evaluate two options for setting up handwashing stations: i) provide a handwashing station, or ii) help the family to make their own from available materials...
May 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476100/behavioral-antecedents-for-handwashing-in-a-low-income-urban-setting-in-bangladesh-an-exploratory-study
#13
Musarrat J Rahman, Fosiul A Nizame, Leanne Unicomb, Stephen P Luby, Peter J Winch
BACKGROUND: Health programs commonly promote handwashing by drawing attention to potential fecal contamination in the environment. The underlying assumption is that the thought of fecal contamination will result in disgust, and motivate people to wash their hands with soap. However, this has not proven sufficient to achieve high rates of handwashing with soap at key times. We argue that handwashing with soap is influenced by broader range of antecedents, many unrelated to fecal contamination, that indicate to people when and where to wash their hands...
May 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464731/knowledge-behaviour-and-microbial-load-of-workers-handling-dental-solid-waste-in-a-public-health-service-in-brazil
#14
Cristina Dutra Vieira, Thaysa Leite Tagliaferri, Maria Auxiliadora Roque de Carvalho, Camilla Aparecida Silva de Oliveira, Paula Prazeres Magalhães, Simone Gonçalves Dos Santos, Luiz de Macêdo Farias
Healthcare wastes are those generated inside healthcare services, including dental clinics. Workers coming into close proximity to hazardous healthcare waste are potentially at risk. In an attempt to assess the knowledge and attitudes of workers dealing with infectious waste, a questionnaire was administered. The biological risk was investigated by evaluating the microbial load and screening some clinically relevant micro-organisms in the nasal mucosa, hands and coats of these workers. The results showed that 66...
April 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423996/assessing-user-acceptance-towards-automated-and-conventional-sink-use-for-hand-decontamination-using-the-technology-acceptance-model
#15
Carolyn H Dawson, Jamie B Mackrill, Rebecca Cain
Hand hygiene (HH) prevents harmful contaminants spreading in settings including domestic, health care and food handling. Strategies to improve HH range from behavioural techniques through to automated sinks that ensure hand surface cleaning. This study aimed to assess user experience and acceptance towards a new automated sink, compared to a normal sink. An adapted version of the technology acceptance model (TAM) assessed each mode of handwashing. A within-subjects design enabled N = 46 participants to evaluate both sinks...
April 24, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413735/a-survey-of-handwashing-knowledge-and-attitudes-among-the-healthcare-professionals-in-lahore-pakistan
#16
Ahsan Zil-E-Ali, Mohsin A Cheema, Muhammad Wajih Ullah, Hamzah Ghulam, Mariam Tariq
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge and attitudes towards handwashing of clinical year medical and dental students and health-care professionals (HCPs) working in the departments of medicine, surgery, dentistry, nursing, and physiotherapy in Lahore, Pakistan. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional survey conducted during May and June 2016. After approval from the institutional review board, a modified form of the World Health Organization (WHO) Hand Hygiene Knowledge Questionnaire for Healthcare workers that included 18 items was sent to 400 clinical year students and HCPs from six medical colleges and affiliated hospitals of Lahore...
March 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403370/adherence-and-factors-related-to-acceptance-of-alcohol-for-antiseptic-hand-rubbing-among-nursing-professionals
#17
Adriana Cristina de Oliveira, Camila Sarmento Gama, Adriana Oliveira de Paula
OBJECTIVE: Identify rates of adhesion and related factors to acceptance of an alcohol based preparation to hands antiseptic friction among nursing professionals in a unit of intensive therapy. METHOD: A cross-sectional study, which involved direct observation of hand hygiene opportunities and nursing professionals' completion of questionnaires, was conducted at a university hospital between January and July 2015. Descriptive and univariate analyses were performed, with a 5% significance level...
April 6, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396475/assessments-of-ebola-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-in-for%C3%A3-cariah-guinea-and-kambia-sierra-leone-july-august-2015
#18
Mohamed F Jalloh, Rebecca Bunnell, Susan Robinson, Mohammad B Jalloh, Alpha Mamoudou Barry, Jamaica Corker, Paul Sengeh, Amanda VanSteelandt, Wenshu Li, Foday Dafae, Alpha Ahmadou Diallo, Lise D Martel, Sara Hersey, Barbara Marston, Oliver Morgan, John T Redd
The border region of Forécariah (Guinea) and Kambia (Sierra Leone) was of immense interest to the West Africa Ebola response. Cross-sectional household surveys with multi-stage cluster sampling procedure were used to collect random samples from Kambia (n = 635) in July 2015 and Forécariah (n = 502) in August 2015 to assess public knowledge, attitudes and practices related to Ebola. Knowledge of the disease was high in both places, and handwashing with soap and water was the most widespread prevention practice...
May 26, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385134/an-outbreak-of-salmonella-saintpaul-gastroenteritis-after-attending-a-school-camp-in-the-northern-territory-australia
#19
Anthony Dk Draper, Claire N Morton, Joshua Ni Heath, Justin A Lim, Peter G Markey
An outbreak of salmonellosis occurred following attendance at a school camp between 5 and 8 August 2014 in a remote area of the Northern Territory, Australia. We conducted a retrospective cohort study via telephone interviews, using a structured questionnaire that recorded symptoms and exposures to foods and activities during the camp. A case was anyone with laboratory confirmed Salmonella Saintpaul infection or a clinically compatible illness after attending the camp. Environmental health officers from the Environmental Health Branch undertook an investigation and collected water and environmental samples...
March 31, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381246/-fit-for-school-a-school-based-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-programme-to-improve-child-health-results-from-a-longitudinal-study-in-cambodia-indonesia-and-lao-pdr
#20
Denise Duijster, Bella Monse, Jed Dimaisip-Nabuab, Pantjawidi Djuharnoko, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien, Martin Hobdell, Katrin Kromeyer-Hauschild, Yung Kunthearith, Maria Carmela Mijares-Majini, Nicole Siegmund, Panith Soukhanouvong, Habib Benzian
BACKGROUND: The Fit for School (FIT) programme integrates school health and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene interventions, which are implemented by the Ministries of Education in four Southeast Asian countries. This paper describes the findings of a Health Outcome Study, which aimed to assess the two-year effect of the FIT programme on the parasitological, weight, and oral health status of children attending schools implementing the programme in Cambodia, Indonesia and Lao PDR. METHODS: The study was a non-randomized clustered controlled trial with a follow-up period of two years...
April 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
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