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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30101715/preterm-birth-long-term-cardiovascular-and-renal-consequences
#1
Hassib Chehade, Umberto Simeoni, Jean-Pierre Guignard, Farid Boubred
Cardiovascular and chronic kidney diseases are part of non-communicable chronic diseases, the leading causes of premature death worldwide. They are recognized as having early origins through altered developmental programming, due to adverse environmental conditions during development. Preterm birth is increasingly recognized as such an adverse factor. Rates of preterm birth have increased the last decades, however, with the improvement in perinatal and neonatal care, a growing cohort have survived to the neonatal period and are now entering adulthood...
August 13, 2018: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30098111/nonpharmacological-interventions-for-sleep-promotion-on-preterm-infants-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Jin-Hua Liao, Rong-Fang Hu, Li-Jing Su, Shuo Wang, Qin Xu, Xiao-Fang Qian, Hong-Gu He
BACKGROUND: Nonpharmacological interventions are often used to promote sleep among preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). However, there is a lack of synthesis in the evidence of their effectiveness. AIM: To synthesize the evidence on the effectiveness of nonpharmacological interventions on NICU preterm infants' sleep during hospital stay. METHODS: Seven databases were searched, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Wan-fang database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Biological Medicine Database, and VIP Journal Integration Platform from their inceptions to August 2017...
August 11, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30092772/early-intervention-program-for-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants-and-their-parents-a-study-protocol
#3
Rita C Silveira, Eliane Wagner Mendes, Rubia Nascimento Fuentefria, Nadia Cristina Valentini, Renato S Procianoy
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants are high risk for delayed neurodevelopment. The main goal is to develop a program of early intervention for very preterm infants that allows families to apply it continuously at home, and quantify the results of early parental stimulation on improvement of cognition and motor skills. METHODS: Randomized clinical Trial including inborn preterm infants with gestational age less than 32 weeks or birth weight less than 1500 g at 48 h after birth...
August 9, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30091495/a-modified-developmental-care-bundle-reduces-pain-and-stress-in-preterm-infants-undergoing-examinations-for-retinopathy-of-prematurity-rop-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Ling-Ju Chuang, Shih-Hao Wang, Mi-Chia Ma, Chia-Ni Lin, Chih-Ling Chen, Mei-Chih Huang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the comparative efficacy of developmental care versus standard care for reducing pain and stress in preterm infants during examinations for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). BACKGROUND: ROP examinations are routinely performed in neonatal intensive care units to detect these lesions. Pain scores recorded during and after eye examinations have revealed physiological and behavioral manifestations of pain and stress. DESIGN: A randomized crossover trial was conducted...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30089217/neonatal-stress-and-resilience-lasting-effects-of-antenatal-corticosteroids
#5
Alan Hall Jobe
Antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) are standard of care for women at risk of preterm delivery between 24 -34 weeks gestation. Their use decreases preterm morbidities and mortality. However, ACS treatments mimic a stress response by increasing fetal steroid levels at early gestational ages when the fetus is normally protected from high glucocorticoid levels. Within the context of concept of the developmental origins of adult health and disease, ACS are effective stressors in fetal animal models that alter developmental programs and outcome in adult animals...
August 8, 2018: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30089091/less-is-more-modern-neonatology
#6
REVIEW
Amir Kugelman, Liron Borenstein-Levin, Huda Jubran, Gil Dinur, Shlomit Ben-David, Elena Segal, Julie Haddad, Fanny Timstut, Iris Stein, Imad R Makhoul, Ori Hochwald
Iatrogenesis is more common in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) because the infants are vulnerable and exposed to prolonged intensive care. Sixty percent of extremely low-birth-weight infants are exposed to iatrogenesis. The risk factors for iatrogenesis in NICUs include prematurity, mechanical or non-invasive ventilation, central lines, and prolonged length of stay. This led to the notion that "less is more." In the delivery room delayed cord clamping is recommended for term and preterm infants, and suction for the airways in newborns with meconium-stained fluid is not performed anymore...
July 30, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30026767/effect-of-multi-sensory-stimulation-on-neuromuscular-development-of-premature-infants-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Hossein Zeraati, Fatemeh Nasimi, Akram Rezaeian, Javad Shahinfar, Maryam Ghorban Zade
Objectives: Preterm birth is considered as a risk factor for developmental disabilities, which can lead to long-term effects on the nervous system of children. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of multi-sensory stimulation on neurodevelopment of premature infants. Materials and Methods: In this two-group double-blind clinical trial in Jahrom Hospital, Jahrom, Iran from Jun to Aug 2016, 80 preterm infants were randomly divided. The intervention group received multisensory stimulation for 12 min per session, 5 sessions per wk along with routine NICU care and the control group received ward's routine care...
2018: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021468/effect-of-maternal-psychopathology-on-neurodevelopmental-outcome-and-quality-of-the-dyadic-relationship-in-preterm-infants-an-explorative-study
#8
C Pisoni, S Spairani, F Fauci, G Ariaudo, C Tzialla, C Tinelli, P Politi, U Balottin, M Stronati, S Orcesi
BACKGROUND: The literature shows that parents of preterm infants are at risk of psychological distress and that this may impact on the quality of the parent-child relationship and on the child's development. AIM: This longitudinal study was conducted to examine in preterm infants relationships between maternal psychological variables, parental protective factors, perinatal infant variables, and neurodevelopmental outcome. Furthermore, we explored the impact of these variables on the quality of the mother-infant relationship (dyadic synchrony)...
July 18, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989087/breastfeeding-self-efficacy-and-breastmilk-feeding-for-moderate-and-late-preterm-infants-in-the-family-integrated-care-trial-a-mixed-methods-protocol
#9
Meredith Brockway, Karen M Benzies, Eloise Carr, Khalid Aziz
Background: Breastmilk is the ideal nutrition for preterm infants. Yet, breastmilk feeding rates among preterm infants are substantially lower than those of full-term infants. Barriers incurred through hospital care practices as well as the physical environment of the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) can result in physical and emotional separation of infants from their parents, posing a substantial risk to establishing and maintaining breastfeeding. Additionally, current practitioner-focused care provision in the NICU can result in decreased breastfeeding self-efficacy (BSE), which is predictive of breastfeeding rates in mothers of preterm infants at 6 weeks postpartum...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29972635/improved-growth-and-developmental-activity-post-tracheostomy-in-preterm-infants-with-severe-bpd
#10
Jun Luo, Suzanne Shepard, Kathleen Nilan, Audrey Wood, Heather M Monk, Erik A Jensen, Ann T Harrington, Kathryn Maschhoff, Haresh Kirpalani, Zhichun Feng, Huayan Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To examine growth, sedation needs, and participation in developmental activities before and after tracheostomy among infants with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of infants born at <32 weeks' gestation or birth weights <1500 g with severe BPD who underwent tracheostomy placement between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2016 in a quaternary referral newborn and infant intensive care unit. Changes in growth parameters and frequency/type of participation in physical therapy sessions performed during the 4-weeks before tracheostomy and 4-weeks after the first tracheostomy tube change were compared...
July 3, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922135/music-from-the-very-beginning-a-neuroscience-based-framework-for-music-as-therapy-for-preterm-infants-and-their-parents
#11
Friederike Barbara Haslbeck, Dirk Bassler
Human and animal studies demonstrate that early auditory experiences influence brain development. The findings are particularly crucial following preterm birth as the plasticity of auditory regions, and cortex development are heavily dependent on the quality of auditory stimulation. Brain maturation in preterm infants may be affected among other things by the overwhelming auditory environment of the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Conversely, auditory deprivation, (e.g., the lack of the regular intrauterine rhythms of the maternal heartbeat and the maternal voice) may also have an impact on brain maturation...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921737/selection-bias-and-outcomes-for-preterm-neonates
#12
Kerryn Atwell, Emily Callander, Daniel Lindsay, Peter Blake Marshall, Scott Adam Morris
BACKGROUND: Reported survival and neurodevelopmental outcomes at 23 weeks' gestation are based on the infants admitted to NICUs. In this study, we aim to describe the association between clinical characteristics and admission to NICU at 23, 24 and 25 weeks' gestation. METHODS: Cohort data from 2 national databases enabled comparison of the clinical characteristics all Australian births and all NICU admissions during 2010-2013 at 23, 24, and 25 weeks' gestation. RESULTS: NICU admission occurred in 15% of all births at 23 weeks, in comparison with 49% at 24 weeks and 64% at 25 weeks...
June 19, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890513/summary-protocol-for-a-multi-centre-randomised-controlled-trial-of-enteral-lactoferrin-supplementation-in-newborn-very-preterm-infants-elfin
#13
(no author information available yet)
In a multi-centre randomised controlled trial (RCT), we are assessing whether giving very preterm (i.e., born at < 32 weeks' gestation) infants prophylactic enteral bovine lactoferrin supplementation (150 mg/kg/day) from shortly after birth until 34 weeks' post-menstrual age reduces the incidence of late-onset invasive infection (primary outcome), all-cause mortality, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, necrotising enterocolitis, retinopathy of prematurity, and the duration of antibiotic exposure, intensive care, and hospital admission...
2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868837/developmental-coordination-disorder-and-its-association-with-developmental-comorbidities-at-6-5-years-in-apparently-healthy-children-born-extremely-preterm
#14
Jenny Bolk, Aijaz Farooqi, Maria Hafström, Ulrika Åden, Fredrik Serenius
Importance: There are concerns that apparently healthy extremely preterm children face a risk of developing motor impairments, such as developmental coordination disorder. Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of developmental coordination disorder and associated comorbidities in a national cohort of apparently healthy children born at 22 to 26 gestational weeks, compared alongside term-born peers. Design, Setting, Participants: This prospective, population-based cohort study included all children who were consecutively born at 22 to 26 gestational weeks in Sweden from April 1, 2004, through March 31, 2007...
June 4, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843273/post-discharge-outcomes-of-failed-car-seat-tolerance-screens-a-case-control-and-follow-up-study
#15
P Sharma, N L Davis
BACKGROUND: Despite widespread implementation, limited data exists relating morbidity or adverse outcomes to Car Seat Tolerance Screen (CSTS) result in preterm and low birth weight (LBW) neonates. The objective of this study was to determine longer term post-discharge outcomes of infants who failed a CSTS. METHODS: We performed a case control study evaluating outcomes of infants born over one year who failed vs. passed an initial CSTS, utilizing both retrospective medical record review and parental survey data 2- 3 years after discharge...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777555/impact-of-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-oral-feeding-on-neuropsychomotor-outcomes-at-9-months-of-corrected-age-in-chinese-low-birthweight-preterm-infants-a-retrospective-study
#16
Wenwen Ding, Lijin Zhao, Nan Sheng, Jiali Ma, Ying Zhang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the changes in neuropsychomotor development and investigate the effect of feeding progression in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) on neuropsychomotor outcomes in low-birthweight preterm infants within 9 months of corrected age. BACKGROUND: Low-birthweight (LBW) preterm infants (<37 weeks of gestation and birthweight <2,500 g) are at a high risk for neuropsychomotor development delay. Therefore, exploring NICU practices related to neuropsychomotor development is important...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772246/preterm-birth-disrupts-cerebellar-development-by-affecting-granule-cell-proliferation-program-and-bergmann-glia
#17
Igor Y Iskusnykh, Randal K Buddington, Victor V Chizhikov
Preterm birth is a leading cause of long-term motor and cognitive deficits. Clinical studies suggest that some of these deficits result from disruption of cerebellar development, but the mechanisms that mediate cerebellar abnormalities in preterm infants are largely unknown. Furthermore, it remains unclear whether preterm birth and precocious exposure to the ex-utero environment directly disrupt cerebellar development or indirectly by increasing the probability of cerebellar injury, including that resulting from clinical interventions and protocols associated with the care of preterm infants...
August 2018: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757881/health-and-educational-implications-of-prematurity-in-the-united-states-national-survey-of-children-s-health-2011-2012-data
#18
Michelle M Kelly
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Preterm birth is a significant public health issue, with children born prematurely experiencing educational and health difficulties throughout childhood. The aim of the descriptive secondary data analysis was to compare health implications and educational experiences in children born prematurely compared with children born at term. METHODS: The 2011/2012 National Survey of Children's Health data set was explored using separate chi-square tests of homogeneity to investigate differences in the occurrence of chronic health conditions and educationally relevant outcomes: individualized family services plan/individualized education plan (IFSP/IEP), and grade repetition between children born prematurely compared with those born at term...
March 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750375/the-ontario-birth-study-a-prospective-pregnancy-cohort-study-integrating-perinatal-research-into-clinical-care
#19
Laura N Anderson, Julia A Knight, Rayjean J Hung, Sheryl L Hewko, Ryan A Seeto, Mary-Jean Martin, Alison Fleming, Jonathon L Maguire, Stephen G Matthews, Kellie E Murphy, Nan Okun, Jennifer M Jenkins, Stephen J Lye, Alan Bocking
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and early childhood represent critical periods that impact health throughout the life-course. The Ontario Birth Study (OBS) is a pregnancy cohort study designed as a platform for research on pregnancy complications, maternal and infant health, and the developmental origins of health and disease. METHODS: Pregnant women <17 weeks gestational age were recruited between 2013 and 2015 from antenatal clinics at Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Canada...
May 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668026/nicu-graduates-the-role-of-the-allied-health-team-in-follow-up
#20
REVIEW
Jane L Orton, Joy E Olsen, Katherine Ong, Rochelle Lester, Alicia J Spittle
Infants who graduate from the neonatal intensive care unit, including those infants born preterm and/or with brain injury, are at increased risk of long-term neurodevelopmental impairments. The developmental allied health team, consisting of physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech pathology, is crucial in early evaluation of gross motor, fine motor, feeding, and language development. Surveillance of neurodevelopment in the first year of life is essential to ensure early detection of specific developmental delays and impairments, and to ensure timely referral for early intervention...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
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