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Common sense model of self regulation

Miranda van Lunteren, Margreet Scharloo, Zineb Ez-Zaitouni, Anoek de Koning, Robert Landewé, Camilla Fongen, Roberta Ramonda, Ad A Kaptein, Floris A van Gaalen, Désirée van der Heijde
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if illness perceptions and coping influence the relationship between back pain and health outcomes in patients suspected of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). METHODS: In the SPACE cohort regression models were computed at baseline with back pain intensity (0-10) as determinant and health-related quality of life (HRQoL; physical (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) of the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36)) or work productivity loss (WPL) as outcomes...
April 2, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
Ad A Kaptein, Brian M Hughes, Michael Murray, Joshua M Smyth
Growing evidence suggests that the arts may be useful in health care and in the training of health care professionals. Four art genres - novels, films, paintings and music - are examined for their potential contribution to enhancing patient health and/or making better health care providers. Based on a narrative literature review, we examine the effects of passive (e.g. reading, watching, viewing and listening) and active (e.g. writing, producing, painting and performing) exposure to the four art genres, by both patients and health care providers...
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
Sarah E Duncan, Rachel A Annunziato
OBJECTIVE: This study examined barriers to engagement in self-management behaviors among food-allergic college students (1) within the frameworks of the health belief model (HBM) and common sense self-regulation model (CS-SRM) and (2) in the context of overall risky behaviors. PARTICIPANTS: Undergraduate college students who reported having a physician-diagnosed food allergy (N = 141). Research was conducted from February 2015 through May 2016. METHODS: Participants were recruited from college campuses through email and social media...
July 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Maria Karekla, Evangelos C Karademas, Andrew T Gloster
Most health behaviour intervention efforts are adapted from the typical psychological treatment experience and may not take into serious consideration theories specifically developed to describe the process of adaptation to illness. This paper presents a proposal for the combination of a theory about the experience of and adaptation to illness, that is, the Common Sense Model of Self-Regulation (CSM), and an efficient psychological theory and therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). Past combinations of CSM with cognitive or cognitive-behavioural interventions have focussed almost only on specific aspects of this model (mostly, illness representations and action plans) and left out other, equally important for a fruitful adaptation to illness, recommendations of the model (e...
February 15, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Rahul Garg, Abdulkarim Meraya, Pamela J Murray, Kimberly Kelly
Background Vaccine preventable diseases are making a comeback in the US. However, research is lacking on illness representations of vaccine preventable diseases and their application in improving childhood immunization. Objective We utilized the common sense model of self-regulation to examine illness representations of pertussis and their associations with child's receipt of any vaccine, up-to-date vaccination status, and mothers' intentions to follow the recommended vaccination schedule in the future. Methods We developed vaccine worry and vaccine hassles scales to assess mothers' worries and hassles for child vaccination, and used an open ended question to assess mother's illness representations of pertussis...
January 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Eleanor Phillips, Jane Montague, Stephanie Archer
PURPOSE: Worldwide there are nearly 1.1 million new cases of gynaecological cancer annually. In England, uterine, ovarian and cervical cancers comprize the third most common type of new cancer in women. Research with gynaecological cancer patients within 6 months of diagnosis is rare, as is data collection that is roughly contemporaneous with treatment. Our aim was to explore the experiences of women who were, at study entry, within 6 weeks of surgery or were undergoing chemotherapy or radiotherapy...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
Martin S Hagger, Severine Koch, Nikos L D Chatzisarantis, Sheina Orbell
According to the common-sense model of self-regulation, individuals form lay representations of illnesses that guide coping procedures to manage illness threat. We meta-analyzed studies adopting the model to (a) examine the intercorrelations among illness representation dimensions, coping strategies, and illness outcomes; (b) test the sufficiency of a process model in which relations between illness representations and outcomes were mediated by coping strategies; and (c) test effects of moderators on model relations...
November 2017: Psychological Bulletin
Melissa Mei Yin Cheung, Bandana Saini, Lorraine Smith
OBJECTIVE: As an art form, drawings can facilitate the tangible expression of patients' inner images and feelings in a range of health conditions. However, there are currently no published studies investigating adults' perspectives of asthma using drawings. This study aimed to explore how adults' drawings illustrate their perceptions and experiences of asthma. METHODS: Adults with asthma participated in a one-on-one drawing activity. Analysis was grounded in the participants' accounts of their drawing, which were examined alongside the relevant image...
March 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Danika Marmarà, Vincent Marmarà, Gill Hubbard
BACKGROUND: Women's beliefs and representations of breast cancer (BC) and breast screening (BS) are salient predictors for BS practices. This study utilized the health belief model (HBM) and common-sense model (CSM) of illness self-regulation to explore factors associated with BS uptake in Malta and subsequently, to identify the most important predictors to first screening uptake. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey enrolled Maltese women (n = 404) ages 50 to 60 at the time of their first screening invitation, invited to the National Breast Screening Programme by stratified random sampling, with no personal history of BC...
May 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
Suchitra Nelson, Mary Beth Slusar, Jeffrey M Albert, Christine A Riedy
INTRODUCTION: Parent/caregivers' inability to recognize the importance of baby teeth has been associated with inadequate self-management of children's oral health (i.e. lower likelihood of preventive dental visits) which may result in dental caries and the need for more expensive caries-related restorative treatment under general anesthesia. Health behavior theories aid researchers in understanding the impact and effectiveness of interventions on changing health behaviors and health outcomes...
August 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
P A Nelson, K Kane, C J Pearce, C Bundy, A Chisholm, R Hilton, R Thorneloe, H Young, C E M Griffiths, L Cordingley
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is an inflammatory long-term condition involving comorbidities, unhealthy lifestyle and significant life impact. Patients' understanding of psoriasis is limited and support lacking. The Common-Sense Model of Self-Regulation of Health and Illness emphasizes the role of illness and treatment beliefs on coping and self-management. New 'Pso Well® ' patient materials informed by the model, addressed psoriasis as a long-term condition, medication management and lifestyle behaviours...
September 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
Miho Nakajima, Keisuke Takano, Yoshihiko Tanno
Maladaptive forms of self-focus, such as rumination, are considered transdiagnostic factors that contribute to depressive and anxiety symptoms. However, no or few studies have explored the possibility that adaptive forms of self-focus can also be a common factor that is negatively associated with depressive and anxiety symptoms. To test this possibility, we first examined the psychometric properties of a scale measuring adaptive forms of self-focus (the Self-Reflection and Insight Scale) on Japanese undergraduates (n=117)...
March 2017: Psychiatry Research
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March 2017: Health Psychology Review
Teresa Corbett, AnnMarie Groarke, Jane C Walsh, Brian E McGuire
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue (CrF) is a common and disruptive symptom that may be experienced during and after cancer. Research into the subjective experience of fatigue in this group is required. The common sense model of self-regulation of health and illness (SRM) addresses personal beliefs or mental representations-whether medically sound or unsubstantiated- that a person holds about a health issue. The current study assesses if the SRM could be used as a theoretical framework for organizing the experiences of people with CrF, with a view to identifying methods to address fatigue in cancer survivors...
November 25, 2016: BMC Cancer
Barbara Riegel, Victoria Vaughan Dickson
OBJECTIVE: To explore factors contributing to intentional and unintentional medication nonadherence in adults with chronic heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND: Medication nonadherence is prevalent in HF but the factors contributing to it are not well understood. METHODS: This secondary data analysis of qualitative data explored narrative accounts about medication adherence from four previous studies (N = 112). The Necessity-Concerns-Framework derived from the Common Sense Model (CSM) of Self-Regulation guided the interpretation of themes...
November 2016: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
Howard Leventhal, L Alison Phillips, Edith Burns
The Common-Sense Model of Self-Regulation (the "Common-Sense Model", CSM) is a widely used theoretical framework that explicates the processes by which patients become aware of a health threat, navigate affective responses to the threat, formulate perceptions of the threat and potential treatment actions, create action plans for addressing the threat, and integrate continuous feedback on action plan efficacy and threat-progression. A description of key aspects of the CSM's history-over 50 years of research and theoretical development-makes clear the model's dynamic underpinnings, characteristics, and assumptions...
December 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Emma M Richardson, Natalie Schüz, Kristy Sanderson, Jennifer L Scott, Benjamin Schüz
OBJECTIVE: Cancer is associated with negative health and emotional outcomes in those affected by it, suggesting the need to better understand the psychosocial determinants of illness outcomes and coping. The common sense model is the leading psychological model of self-regulation in the face of illness and assumes that subjective illness representations explain how people attempt to cope with illness. This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the associations of the common sense model's illness representation dimensions with health and coping outcomes in people with cancer...
June 2017: Psycho-oncology
Rozmin B Jiwani, Lisa M Cleveland, Darpan I Patel, Salim S Virani, Sara L Gill
BACKGROUND: South Asians (SAs) have a well-documented risk for mortality related to coronary artery disease (CAD). However, there is a lack of evidence to guide the implementation and dissemination of primary and secondary interventions to control and deter progression of CAD in SAs. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to explore and describe self-regulation behaviors in SAs with CAD using Leventhal's Common Sense Model. METHODS: In this mixed-methods study, quantitative data were collected using 3 survey questionnaires (demographics, Illness Perception Questionnaire-Revised, and Coping/Self-Regulation Behaviors)...
May 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Holly M Rus, Linda D Cameron
BACKGROUND: Social media provides unprecedented opportunities for enhancing health communication and health care, including self-management of chronic conditions such as diabetes. Creating messages that engage users is critical for enhancing message impact and dissemination. PURPOSE: This study analyzed health communications within ten diabetes-related Facebook pages to identify message features predictive of user engagement. METHOD: The Common-Sense Model of Illness Self-Regulation and established health communication techniques guided content analyses of 500 Facebook posts...
October 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Jennifer T Sonney, Kathleen C Insel
Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases of childhood with nearly 7 million children affected in the United States. Nonadherence to controller medication is a substantial issue that results in higher pediatric asthma disease morbidity. The common sense model of self-regulation is a useful theoretical framework to understand chronic disease self-management in adults, but has not been used in the context of pediatric chronic disease. Using Fawcett's framework, the authors analyze and evaluate the common sense model...
April 2016: Nursing Science Quarterly
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