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Donald F Mcalpine, William A Shear
The millipede Craspedosoma raulinsii (Craspedosomatidae) is widespread in Central Europe from Belarus and southern Scandinavia west to Britain and Ireland. Although the species is often not common and rarely encountered (Blower 1985, Hoffman 1999, Lee 2006), Kime (2004) reports C. raulinsii as the third most widespread millipede in Belgium. Shelley (1990) reported C. raulinsii (as C. rawlinsii) for the first time from North America (from Gatineau Park, Quebec, Canada) and noted the occurrence is the first introduction of a representative of the order Chordeumatida in the New World...
August 2, 2018: Zootaxa
Jeanette F Winther, Smita Bhatia, Luise Cederkvist, Thorgerdur Gudmundsdottir, Laura Madanat-Harjuoja, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Finn Wesenberg, Henrik Hasle, Anna Sällfors Holmqvist
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer survivors have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes mellitus. Because diabetes is a potentially modifiable risk factor for CVD in the general population, it is important to understand how diabetes affects the risk of CVD among childhood cancer survivors. METHODS: This study examined the risk of CVD among survivors with diabetes and 142,742 population comparison subjects. From the national cancer registries of the 5 Nordic countries, 29,324 one-year survivors of cancer diagnosed before the age of 20 years between 1968 and 2008 were identified...
October 11, 2018: Cancer
François Vasseur, Kevin Sartori, Etienne Baron, Florian Fort, Elena Kazakou, Jules Segrestin, Eric Garnier, Denis Vile, Cyrille Violle
Background and aims: The CSR classification categorizes plants as stress tolerators (S), ruderals (R) and competitors (C). Initially proposed as a general framework to describe ecological strategies across species, this scheme has recently been used to investigate the variation of strategies within species. For instance, ample variation along the S-R axis was found in Arabidopsis thaliana, with stress-tolerator accessions predominating in hot and dry regions, which was interpreted as a sign of functional adaptation to climate within the species...
September 25, 2018: Annals of Botany
Masami Omae, Magnus Konradsson, Mats Lindblad, Francisco Baldaque-Silva
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is an established and effective treatment modality for endoscopic resection of premalignant and early-stage malignant gastrointestinal lesions. Compared to endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), ESD is generally associated with higher rates of en bloc, R0, and curative resections and lower rates of local recurrence. As in ESD the whole lesion is resected in one piece, it enables the best possible T-staging based on pathology assessment of the resected lesion. So far, there have been few reports of esophageal ESD in the West and none from Scandinavia...
September 24, 2018: Läkartidningen
Meriam Guellil, Oliver Kersten, Amine Namouchi, Egil L Bauer, Michael Derrick, Anne Ø Jensen, Nils C Stenseth, Barbara Bramanti
Louse-borne relapsing fever (LBRF) is known to have killed millions of people over the course of European history and remains a major cause of mortality in parts of the world. Its pathogen, Borrelia recurrentis , shares a common vector with global killers such as typhus and plague and is known for its involvement in devastating historical epidemics such as the Irish potato famine. Here, we describe a European and historical genome of B recurrentis , recovered from a 15th century skeleton from Oslo. Our distinct European lineage has a discrete genomic makeup, displaying an ancestral oppA-1 gene and gene loss in antigenic variation sites...
October 9, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Jose M Garrido-Perez, Carlos Ordóñez, Ricardo García-Herrera, David Barriopedro
This paper characterizes the spatiotemporal variability of air stagnation over the Euro-Mediterranean area for the 1979-2016 period by using a simplified air stagnation index (ASI) based on daily precipitation as well as near-surface and upper wind speed data. We have also undertaken the first comparison of stagnation as derived from meteorological reanalysis and observations, finding a reasonably good agreement between both datasets. The main differences arise from the surface wind speed, as this field depends on the local setting of the observational sites and imperfect parameterizations within the reanalysis model...
December 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Péter Biró, Bernadette Haase-Kromwijk, Tommy Andersson, Eyjólfur Ingi Ásgeirsson, Tatiana Baltesová, Ioannis Boletis, Catarina Bolotinha, Gregor Bond, Georg Böhmig, Lisa Burnapp, Katarína Cechlárová, Paola Di Ciaccio, Jiri Fronek, Karine Hadaya, Aline Hemke, Christian Jacquelinet, Rachel Johnson, Rafal Kieszek, Dirk Kuypers, Ruthanne Leishman, Marie-Alice Macher, David Manlove, Georgia Menoudakou, Mikko Salonen, Bart Smeulders, Vito Sparacino, Frits Spieksma, María de la Oliva Valentín Muñoz, Nic Wilson, Joris Vd Klundert
BACKGROUND: Considerable differences exist among the living donor Kidney Exchange Programmes (KEPs) that are in use and being built in Europe, contributing to a variation in the number of living donor transplants [6]. Efforts of European KEPs to exchange (best) practices and share approaches to address challenges have, however, been limited. METHODS: Experts from 23 European countries, collaborating on the ENCKEP COST Action, developed a questionnaire to collect detailed information on the functioning of all existing KEPs in Europe, as well as their opportunities and challenges...
September 21, 2018: Transplantation
Kevin P Marks, Nina Madsen Sjö, Philip Wilson
AIM: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate screening practices with the Ages and Stages Questionnaires (ASQ) and the Ages and Stages Questionnaires: Social-Emotional (ASQ:SE) in the USA and Scandinavia and to identify practical lessons and research opportunities. METHOD: The review was performed for ASQ- and ASQ:SE-related studies in children from birth to 5 years. From nine databases and 1689 references (published from 1988-2018), 127 articles were included and categorized using Covidence online software...
September 23, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Nina Kmet Lunaček, Mario Poljak, Mojca Matičič
With an estimated 15 million infected persons in Europe, hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is still one of the leading causes of chronic liver disease and associated mortality. The HBV infection prevalence in the general population depends on the region and ranges from 0.01% in Scandinavia to 10.3% in Kyrgyzstan. The prevalence of the 10 HBV genotypes (A-J) varies among different parts of the world, with genotypes A and D being most prevalent in Europe. Other HBV genotypes are mainly imported into Europe from other parts of the world and are rarely detected...
September 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
K S Tveit, A Duvetorp, M Østergaard, L Skov, K Danielsen, L Iversen, O Seifert
BACKGROUND: There are scarce data in Scandinavia about treatment satisfaction among patients with psoriasis (PsO) and/or psoriatic arthritis (PsA). The number of patients receiving systemic treatment is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To describe patients' experience of treatments for PsO/PsA in Sweden, Denmark and Norway, addressing communication with physicians, satisfaction with treatment and concerns regarding treatment options. METHODS: The NORdic PAtient survey of Psoriasis and Psoriatic arthritis (NORPAPP) asked 22,050 adults (randomly selected from the YouGov panels in Sweden, Denmark and Norway) if they had PsO/PsA...
September 22, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Carl-Fredrik Flach, Maja Genheden, Jerker Fick, D G Joakim Larsson
There is concern that sewage treatment plants (STPs) serve as hotspots for emergence and selection of antibiotic resistant bacteria. However, field studies investigating resistance selection by comparing bacterial populations in influents and effluents have produced variable and sometimes contradictive results. Also, large taxonomic changes between influents and effluents make interpretation of studies measuring relative gene abundances ambiguous. The aim here was to investigate whether within-species selection occurs by conducting a comprehensive screening of Escherichia coli isolated from composite influent and effluent samples collected at Scandinavia's largest STP, accompanied by analyses of antibiotics residues...
October 2, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Arne K Andreassen, Kaspar Broch, Hans Eiskjær, Kristjan Karason, Einar Gude, Dorte Mølbak, Wenche Stueflotten, Lars Gullestad
BACKGROUND: Systemic hypertension is prevalent in heart transplant recipients, and has been partially attributed to treatment with calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs). The SCHEDULE trial was the first randomized trial to study early withdrawal of CNIs in de novo heart transplant recipients, comparing an everolimus-based immunosuppressive regimen with conventional CNI-based treatment. As a prespecified secondary endpoint, blood pressure was repeatedly compared across treatment arms. METHODS: SCHEDULE was a prospective, multicenter, randomized, controlled, parallel-group, open-label trial in de novo adult heart transplant recipients, undertaken at transplant centers in Scandinavia...
September 11, 2018: Transplantation
Mariano R Recio, Barbara Zimmermann, Camilla Wikenros, Andreas Zetterberg, Petter Wabakken, Håkan Sand
This dataset article describes the data and sources used to model risks for the recolonizing wolf ( Canis lupus ) in Sweden and Norway in the article "Integrated spatially-explicit models predict pervasive risks to recolonizing wolves in Scandinavia from human-driven mortality" (Recio et al., 2018). Presences on wolf territories were used to model the potential distribution of the species. Presences of human-driven mortalities including traffic collisions, culling (protective/defensive, and licensed hunting), and illegal killing (i...
October 2018: Data in Brief
Taru Lienemann, Wolfgang Beyer, Kirsti Pelkola, Heidi Rossow, Alexandra Rehn, Markus Antwerpen, Gregor Grass
BACKGROUND: Anthrax, the zoonotic disease caused by the gram-positive bacterium Bacillus anthracis, is nowadays rare in northern parts of Europe including Finland and Scandinavia. Only two minor outbreaks of anthrax in 1988 and in 2004 and one sporadic infection in 2008 have been detected in animals in Finland since the 1970's. Here, we report on two Finnish B. anthracis strains that were isolated from spleen and liver of a diseased calf related to the outbreak in 1988 (strain HKI4363/88) and from a local scrotum and testicle infection of a bull in 2008 (strain BA2968)...
September 3, 2018: BMC Microbiology
Johannes Asheim, Kristine Vike-Jonas, Susana V Gonzalez, Syverin Lierhagen, Vishwesh Venkatraman, Inga-Loise S Veivåg, Brynhild Snilsberg, Trond P Flaten, Alexandros G Asimakopoulos
Road traffic emissions are known to contribute heavily to the pollution in urban environments. The aim of this study was to establish specific traffic pollution markers in an urban road setting based on the occurrence profiles of benzotriazoles, benzothiazoles and trace elements in road dust and relevant matrices, including airborne particulate matter and core asphalt. Benzotriazoles and benzothiazoles are high-production volume chemicals that are used as complexing and anticorrosive agents for metals, act as vulcanizing accelerators for rubber materials, and possess anti-freezing/anti-icing properties...
February 1, 2019: Science of the Total Environment
John D Lantos, Brian Carter, Jeremy Garrett
All of us (doctors, parents, bioethicists, and health policy makers) think differently about premature infants who require neonatal intensive care than we do about other patients who are critically ill. In most other clinical circumstances, those that involve patients other than premature infants, our first impulse when confronted with a patient in an emergency is to do whatever we can to rescue the patient. We offer life-sustaining treatments first and ask questions later. With extremely premature infants, by contrast, we first ask questions, ponder our options, and try to develop policies about whether it is appropriate to try to save these infants...
September 2018: Pediatrics
Lars Ursin, Janicke Syltern, John D Lantos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Pediatrics
Maja Krzewińska, Anna Kjellström, Torsten Günther, Charlotte Hedenstierna-Jonson, Torun Zachrisson, Ayça Omrak, Reyhan Yaka, Gülşah Merve Kılınç, Mehmet Somel, Veronica Sobrado, Jane Evans, Corina Knipper, Mattias Jakobsson, Jan Storå, Anders Götherström
The impact of human mobility on the northern European urban populations during the Viking and Early Middle Ages and its repercussions in Scandinavia itself are still largely unexplored. Our study of the demographics in the final phase of the Viking era is the first comprehensive multidisciplinary investigation that includes genetics, isotopes, archaeology, and osteology on a larger scale. This early Christian dataset is particularly important as the earlier common pagan burial tradition during the Iron Age was cremation, hindering large-scale DNA analyses...
September 10, 2018: Current Biology: CB
Anna Furberg, Rickard Arvidsson, Sverker Molander
Studded tires are used in a number of countries during winter in order to prevent accidents. The use of tire studs is controversial and debated because of human health impacts from increased road particle emissions. The aims of this study are to assess whether the use of tire studs in a Scandinavian studded passenger car actually avoids or causes health impacts from a broader life cycle perspective, and to assess the distribution of these impacts over the life cycle. Life cycle assessment is applied and the disability-adjusted life years indicator is used to quantify the following five types of health impacts: (1) impacts saved in the use phase, (2) particle emissions in the use phase, (3) production system emissions, (4) occupational accidents in the production system, and (5) conflict casualties from revenues of cobalt mining...
August 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
James S Borrell, Nian Wang, Richard A Nichols, Richard J A Buggs
Dwarf birch (Betula nana) has a widespread boreal distribution but has declined significantly in Britain where populations are now highly fragmented. We analyzed the genetic diversity of these fragmented populations using markers that differ in mutation rate: conventional microsatellites markers (PCR-SSRs), RADseq generated transition and transversion SNPs (RAD-SNPs), and microsatellite markers mined from RADseq reads (RAD-SSRs). We estimated the current population sizes by census and indirectly, from the linkage-disequilibrium found in the genetic surveys...
October 2018: Heredity
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